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Saturday, JULY 17 1909. THE D3S3ERET FARMER U H
list of the prizes, mcda.s' and diplo
mas to be awarded, together with
the rules and reguhtt'CMij governing
the contest. Poultry fancier, from
all over the Pacific slnpc as well as
many from the Middle Wcs: and
Canada will take part in this compe
tition. The rules of the American
Poultry Association wil' govern .iti'l
part of the judges have been S'.ki'ol
including George D. Ho'den of Minn
esota. S. Butcinoid of Can.ula am!
" others 'f national pronin:pcv 1'iu
cons ah. Pet Stock v'U he tuc'.u.Kd
1 i.i -l : how md Wi'l'iiui "Stobchou
of .vicouvcr B. C vi'l he a judge
in this department. Ampic accommp-
j dations will be prepared Tor all en
tries and the liberality of the premi
ums offered insure a splendid exhibit
two carloads coming from Minneso
ta alone. The Poultry industry is
one of the growing ones of the Paci
fic Northwest and this branch of the
live-stock is bound to attract uni
DRY ROT OF CORN.
The group of diseases of corn
known under the general name of dry
rot has become if sufficient economic
importance during the past four or
five years to cause general concern
among farmers in corn growing re
In 1906, the year in which there
was the greatest amount of dry rorf
so far as any records have been
I made, the loss was 4..s-pcr cent of the
1 entire crop in the one state of U'i-
nois. This represents a loss of over
15,000,000 'bushels, having a value of
j more than $5,000,000. The loss in
i 1907 was less than a per cent of the
crop or about $2,000,000.
The name dry rot-is derived from
the way the ears arc affected in the
fields. In general the husks tend to
turn prematurely- yellow to soot,
and the ear becomes partially or
wholly shrive'led and much decreas
ed in weight. Sometimes the cas
remain upright with the husks1 close
ly adhering to them. In other cases
the shanks arc weakened and the af
fected ears hang limp' from their at
tachment, or the diseased aondition
may not be detected until the husk is
There are several different kinds of
!dry rot, due to different causes. The
most common and that which during
the past two seasons caused about
90 per cent of the damage, is due to
a fungus known as Diplodia maydis.
Ears affected with this fungus shrivel
up more' or less, darken in co'or,
and become light in weight. The
kernels arc also shriveled, very brit
tle, and loosely attached to the cob.
The fungus penetrates all portions of
the car, kernel's, cob, nd husks, and
produces many dark-brown, two
celled spores which serve to propa
gate the fungus.
There arc several other forms of
dry rot which arc less important but
cause consideable damage which
seems to be on the increase. These
arc also due to fungi which belong,
for the most part, to the genus Fu
sarium members of which cause ser
ious damage to quite a numibcr of our
important cultivated p'ants.
In the case of the Diplodia disease,
and quite probably in that of the oth
er forms, the fungus perpetuates it
self over winter on the old diseased
cars and old stalks. It is not usually
difficult to find throughout the sum
mer in old corn fields, where the dis
ease has previously prevailed, many
species of old cornstalks which arc
infected with this kind of dry rot.
Stalks known to have been two years
old have been found still producing
spores. During moist periods, spoi .
ooze from these stalks in abundanc
and arc blown singV or in masses
The fungus does not, according to
present knowledge, grow upon any
other host, and upon deve'oping corn
only on the cars. Not so much is
known of the other fungi here con
cerned, but since 90 per- cent of the
rot is due to Diplodia, less attention
need be given to them. Disease!
cars arc fruitful sources cf subse
quent infection and shouM be rcnt'.v
cd as promptly as possible. This can
be readily done, at the lium of husk
ing if not before. Keep them in a
separate receptacle and burn them as
soon as practicable. In addition to
this in fields where any enrstdcrnHe
amount of disease has been found, the
stalks should also have attention,
whatever crop is to fo'.low. Some
thing may be gained by carefully
plowing them under and leaving them
well covered, but burning may be re
quired even if this is otherwise bad
procedure. Such a field should not be
replanted to corn for at least two
If the first suggestion is always
followed and the others are put into
practice whenever necessity demands
it, these serious losses may he prevented.
You need the P, & O. Potato Dlggcrnot only
ns n mnttcr of economy, butfor rosults. The
potato digging season comes when help is
scarce mid expensive, nt n lime when they leave
the farm for the winter's work in the towns.
1 lien is when you need labor-saving imple
ments. At such times the P, & 0. Potato (Jigger
on a fair-sized patch,
Will Pay for Itself
In a Single Day
One man with a team and this digger will
plow up mora potatoes than a dozen mn with
noes, and do it better, cleaner and more thoro
ughly. As this digger plows deep, it goes nqht
under tht hill, nud turns up all the potatoes
witheut cutting, b'ulslng or 1011.
The truck in front Is adjustable cither way,
and holds the digger in line. The revolving
fender prevents vines from clogging the beam.
The shaker under the grate causes a continu
ous vibration that turoughl) sifts thepotatocs
from the soil, leaving them nil exposed on the
surface: The runner under the shaker carry
the digger along evenly and smoothly, and
prevents the jerking so common 011 other dig
gers, uud makes them so htud to control. The
P. & O. Potato Digger is the only one made
with these runners. And last but not least, it
is strong enough to list a lifetime.
It Is a low priced digger within the
reach of every farmer, and you cannot afford
to be without one, Now is the time to see-about
it. Ask your dealer fort! c F SfcO. Po
tato Digger, and Insist on getting it,
Write for Reautltully Illustrated Pam
phlet No. '19, of interest to every' farmer, nnd
n P.tfo. Catalogue, which will be Mailed
Parlin ft Orendorff Co.
Portland , Ore. Spokane, Wash.
Utah Implement-Vehicle Co., Salt Lake City
Burton Implement Co., Ogden; Utah
Richfield Implement Co., Richjield, Utah
Snake River Implement Co., Hurley, Idaho
S. C. RHODE ISLAND REDS.
A good laying strain. The best
of winter layers. Eggs $1.50 to $2.00
per 15. Ind. Phone 11531.
H. H. McINTIRE.
305 Paacton Ave., Salt Lake City
SINGLE COMB BUFF LEt
HORNS, BRED TO LAY. Egg
for Hatching, $1.50 for 15; $7.00 for
100. MRS. B. B. HAAS,
POULTRY FOR SALE.
A few pure-bred White Wyan
dottes; also Rose Comb Brown Leg
horn hens for sale. Write
A. H. LEE,
Route s, Murray, Utah.
MEMBERS ' OF UTAH STATE H
(Partial Lint) M
Rhode Island! Red. M
Anderson, E. W., 334 S. 10th East M
Coulam, Geo., 751 E. and South. 1
Cox, J. H., 2140 S. 9th East.
Duncan, L. C, 1075 8th East M
Druk, J. W., 1885 S. 7th East
Hyde, Frank, Kaysvillc. H
Kendricks, J. H., rear 836 S. 5th East. H
Larscn, E., 346 18th St., Ogden.
Parsons, E. A., 79 N. 7th West
Simmons, A. F., 2456 Pine St. H
Smith, Hugh W., 858 E. ist South.
Thomas, M., 468 7th St.
Vndncr, C. S., Forcstdale. H
Burgcn, Vcdk., Centerville, Utah.
Hansen, H. F., Wellington, Utah.
Best. Edgar. 675 E. 12th South.
Weston A. H 2707 uincy Anr., Ogdcn
White Leghorns H
Bird, T. W. & Sons, 2222 S. W. Temple
Crawford Bros., Mantl. H
CaTtcr, F., Prove H
Cox. T. H 2140 S. 9th East.
Dav. S. O., 725 7th Ave.
Gorlinc, C. S., 1224 E. 12th South
Haslam. J. W., 544 W. 3rd North.
Hatrman. J. D.. 226 N. 2nd1 West.
TTvrie. Frank, Kaysvillc.
Maxson, Hy., 2009 E. 12th South.
Peterson, John, 1608 S. 3rd East.
Plymouth Rocks. H
Bird. T W. & Sons. 2222 S. W. Temple M
Dav. S. O.. 725 7th Ave.
Duncan. D., 234 S. 7th East.
Farl. A dam. 75 1 East Fifth South
T innell. W. H.. 200 E. 12th South
Maxon. Hy.. 2009 E. 12th South.
Seddon. T. J.. 229 W 1st South
Thomas. J. P., Saltair, Utah.
Trump. C. J., rear 451 S. 8th East
Adams. J. M., 357 S. 5th East. .
White Wyandottcs. I
Bctts. A., Caldcr's Station.
Cartwright. T. H., 29 N. W. Tmple
Solomon, R. H., 1756 S. 5th East.
Simmons. A. F., 2456 Pine St.
Santkr. C. J., 3335 7th East.
Strickley. Geo. F., 7" 6th Ave.
Young, H. J., 229 East nth Soutn. H
Black MSnorcas. H
Haslam, J. W., 544 W. 3rd North.
Solomon. R. H., 1756 S. 5th East.
Smith, Hugh W., 858 E. isr South.
Vogcler, A. H., 74 Q St.
Plummcr, Dr. C. G., 535 E. 1st South.
Cook, A. R., 1 129 E. 6th South.
1 White Orpingtons.
Gorlinc, C. S 1224 E. 12th South H
Holbrook, L, H., Provo.
Bergen. F Centerville. H
FOR SALE. I
Registered Duroc Jersey Swine.
For information, write or 'phone I
CALVIN WHEELER, I
Collinston - - Utah.
Kindly mention the "Deeret Fa
mer" when writing to or doing btttft- H
neoa witk ow fcdvtcttasr.