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Deseret farmer. (Provo, Utah) 1904-1912, July 17, 1909, Image 14

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/2010218520/1909-07-17/ed-1/seq-14/

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I 14 THE DESERET FARMER Saturday, july i7 1905. 1
B Editor Dcscrct Farmer: Within
M the Inst two weeks about 7-10 of all
M my apples have fallen oil the trees.
H The stem turns yellow and they shriv-
M cl up and fall off the tree. However,
M there is still all on the trees thai
M they can take care pf, provided there
m arc no more fall off the trees. Please
M advise what is the cause of this atul
H oblige. H. G SMITH
M Answer by Prof. W. H. Homer, Jr.
H' It is' perfectly natural for a larg-:
H percentage of apples to fall from the
H trees about the latter part of jum in
H -cases where the 'trees tare hcavil
H loaded and am inclined to .think that
H the above described condition is a
H normal one.
H Among the conditions which nnv
H cause apples to drop before they arc
p mature, rc worms, excessively .hot
H, weather and drouth. Partial free-zinc;
H in spring, improper pol.'ination, lack
H of cultivation and in rare cases in this
H scate, a deficiccy of potash in the 5 '
H By M. W. Lillywhitc, B. Y. U.
H' The peanut is a food found in
H stores and peanut shops in moftt
H parts of the civilized world. Many of
H the clerks and shop' men, who handle
H peanuts every day, know "but very Hi
H tic of how they arc grown,
H The peanut thoroughly matures
B only in warm climates, where the
M growing -season lasts -from eight to
m ten months in the year.
H The class of soil most conducive
M to their growth is a coarse sandy
B loam.
H The selection of tlio seed is much
H the same as that of other. -vegetables;
M to reap the best harvest, the choic.st
seed must be planted.
H The ground is to be layed off h-
H shallow furrows about two feet apait
fl Into these furrows, the peanuts af-
H ter having been broken so as to have
HH one nut only in a piece of a shell, arc
BQ dropped from eighteen inches to two
M feet apart. When the ground has
all been planted it is leveled smooth
ly again; covering the seed with
from two to four inches of soil.
After about two weeks, from1 th.'
time of planting, two little leaves,
somewhat the shape and much like
a luccrn leaf, appear above the
ground. These two leaves after sev
eral months, will have developed into
.many small branches which spread
out on the ground for a foot or more
in a'l directions. From these branch
es, small tender shoots grow down
into the ground. On the end of these
shoots, grow the .peanut; not on th'-
main roots, as might be supposed.
The peanut needs but very little
cultivation. It wi'l mature with less
water than almost any other vege
table. A'l one has to do, is to keep
the weeds from among the vines,
and kill all rats and gophers that ap
pear on the land.
Harvesting is perhaps the most la
borious part about the raising of pea
nuts. The vines must be pulled up
by hand. If the ground is in proper
condition, most of the peanuts will
hang to the vine, when pu'led up.
The nuts arc then picked from the
vines and laid in the sun. When
thorouughly dry, they arc sacked and
sent to be roasted ready for eating.
The crop is always sure, and brings
good returns because of the great
demand in all markets of the world.
Are you interested in California,
Arizona and Old Mexico, if so, it
would be wise to write for full infor
mation about the shortest line and
the best service from your point to
those sections via the SALT LAKE
ROUTE, Utah's most popular Road.
District Passenger Agent.
lute Road, bet nth and lath So.
Salt Lake City, Utah.
(Continued from page 3)
adopt a system of rotation. He 'Is
now growing luccrn on the worn-out
soil and making dairy farming a
specialty with marked success-. The
influence of our station in dairy farm
ing has been marked. In Cache
county but a few years ago there va
not a dairy worthy of the name to
be found and while we had the condi
tions necessary for the economic pro
duction of lagc quantities of the fin
est dairy products yet at certain
seasons of the year carloads of both
butter and cheese were shipped in 10
supply the market. Considerable sur
plus butter was made during the
summer months, but as it was made
in small dairies and handled through
the stores, the reputation of Utah
butter was not the best.
But some years ago the college be
gan for illustrative and experimen
tal purposes a dairy with all the mod
em appliances and today wc have m
that valley alone two large cond.n
saries, one-third of all the factories in
the state and aJout one-halt of :he
factory output.
The feeding of farm animals is at
present far from being understood
The Experiment Station has spent
thousands of dollars and years of time
in making a careful study of Utah
fodders and their adaptability to the
different requirements in the animal
economy. Luccrn being our moit
extensively grown forage crop, has
received a large share of this investi
gational work. Questions were 'fre
quently asked as to the best time to
cut luccrn. Some farmers claimed
that it should be cut as soon as the
first blossoms appeared. Others
when the luccrn was in full bloom,
still others that it should be cut ten
days after full bloom-.
For the purpose'of ans-weVing these
questions, Uie station purchased about
40 head of two-year-old steers which
were divided into different lots or
sets: A piece of lucern was divided
into three different strips, cuttings
' being made froim these strips at defi
nite intervals. The hay from a cer
tain cutting was then fed to one set
of steers, from another cutting to an
other set, etc. The results of one
year's work was not considered .con
clusive, but at a very great expendi
ture, of fimc and money, this ex- I
pcrimunt was continued along these 1
same lines for five different years. H
The results obtained from these I
different years' work was taken and
the average obtained. It was found
that the average yield per acre from
the strip cut in early bloom was 10,-
719 pounds; in full -bloom, 9,829 pound
alter full Worn 9,100 pounds. The
annual yield of digestib'e matter per U
acre was found to be as follows: I
Cut in early bloom 6,413 pounds 1
Cut in full- bloom 5,912 -pounds I
Cut after full bloom 5,309 pounds J
The final test in this experiment,
however, was the amount of beef pro
duced with luccrn cut at these dif
feren dates. The strip cut in early 1
bloom was found to produce 705 J
pounds of beef per acre; cut in full i
bloom.561 pounds of beef while that J
left for ten days after full bloom 1
produced 490 pounds. The stockm.in !
feeding luccrn will discover from this j
experiment how he may get $7.50 '
per acre more for his luccrn, with
beef selling at three and a half cent
per pound live weight, by cutting 11
at the proper season. In some sec
tions of the state this experiment has '
been followed very closely and meth
(Ods have .befen miitcYially changed
from former practices in accordance
with its teachings'.
As I have already stated the pork
producing problem in Utah resolves
itself into growing pigs with the
minimum amount of grain and the
maximum amount of alfalfa or other
cheap food. For six years the ex
periment station has conducted ex
periments to determine the value of
luccrn for hogs when used as pasture
and when fed dry. During the time
these experiments have been conduct
ed more than 250 pigs have been in
connection with them. To determine
the value of luccrn pasture one set
of pigs was turned on to pasture
with a full grain ration; another set
wjith a three-fourths .grain 'ration;
another with one-half; another with
one-fourth grain ration. Another
set was turned on luccrn pasture
without grain. The results of six
seasons' tests which have Just been
published in bulletin form show that
in every instance the highest total
gains and the highest daily rate of
grain were secured from the set fed
on full grain ration. The true test

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