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Deseret farmer. (Provo, Utah) 1904-1912, July 17, 1909, Image 5

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SATURDAY, JULY 17 1909.. : THE DESERET FARMER .. ...... 6;
some of the best material tljcy have
on hand, dry it carefully in news pa
pers, placed between smooth board-,
and if they will then notify Prcs. J.
W. Paxman, who is the executive
committee man from Utah, the exhi
bit can be assembled and placed in
shape.
There will be an exhibit from the
various experimental -arid farms of
the state, and in addition to this the
farmers should become interested n
I this matter and assist in advertising
J Utah's resources along these lines.
This is a golden opportunity, and
we hope that the farmers generally
will respond to this notice and make
an effort to assist in this work.
SOME PERNICIOUS UTAH
WEEDS.
By the Editor.
Job said, "Let thistles grow instead
of wheat and cockle instead of bar
ley." .
KJunc Grass.
One of the great enemies to dr.y
farming during this present season
has been the appearance of what is
commonly called June Grass, in the
wheat fields, This grass- is properly
Bromus Tectorum or false Brome
grass.
An extended observation over sev
eral counties has failed to show this
grass- in any fields where a proper
falt'ow was observed last season. The
damage therefore, is obvious, and we
have here another reason for a .sum
mer fallow, that of getting rid of this
pernicious grass.
In Davis County we saw one field
where the grass stood up much high
er than the wheat. It takes the
moisture out of the ground, and be
cause of the long coarse awns, it i
11 practically worthless after reaching
J maturity. This grass covers the hill-
' sides- of the greater part 'of the state,,
I and is probably the worst weed that
the farmers of Utah have to contend
with at the present time.
THE RUSSIAN THISTLE.
One of the weeds that is gradual-
ly spreading in this state is the Rus
sian thistle. At one time the Rus
sian thistle was the subject of a great
many articles, and was believed by a
great many people to be one of the
worst weeds that the farmer wou'd
have to contend with. It docs very
much damage on poorly cultivated
farms; in irrigated sections it causes
considerable trouble because it fil's
the ditches and clogs the flumes.
The writer of. this article docs not
believe the Russian thistle is a par
ticu'arly bal weed to contend with.
It matutcs very late in the season
and is easily killed by cutting it o(T
just below the crown.
This weed is not a thistle at all,
but is a tumble weed and lic'ohgS T
the Goose-foot fami'y.
Fox Tail.
The weed commonly known in Utah
a9 Fox Tail is one of our worst
weeds. This is another misnamed
weed since it is not the real fox tail
grass at all. It fa sometimes re
ferred to as the wild barley grass,
and this is also a misnomer. Prop
erty the grass is known as the squir
rel tail grass. It is especially promi
nent in our alfalfa fields, and par
ticularly on those farms that receive
too much irrigation.
It is an annual, in other words, it
forms its rcgu'ar crop of seed and
beards in one year's growth from the
seed. When it is cut. however, it un
doubtedly lives more than one yen..
When it is young, the plants make
fairly good feed for stock, but as soon
as the heads are formed it becomes
dangerous on account of the beards.
In the alfalfa fields, it is always a.i
indication that the farmer docs not
disc his field. Proper discing and
cultivation freqently recommended '.n
the "Farmer" wPl clear any luccm
field, no mnttcr how badly infested,
of this troublesome grass.
ALMOST CRIMINAL WASTE.
Tlmt is the waste of fertility. The
farmer who will so -manage his farm
that it is steadily decreasing in pro
ductive power is a sinner acrainst the .
bounty of the Creator and the wc'l
bcincr of society. It amounts almost
to a crime against future genera
tions. Prof. Shaler of Harvard Uni
versity saysu "Of all the sinful wast
crc of mnn'i inheritance on earth(
and all are in this regard sinners, the
very worst arc the people of Ameri
ca," Hoard's Dairyman has put ths
question in another form when it has
repeatedly said: "That from the At
lantic coast to the Rocky Mountain
the American farmer has b'azed a
parthway of destruction to fertility
and forests"."
Every indivdual fanner should lake
this lesson to hitnsclfl. The fifty
thousand farmers who read Hoard's
Dfciryman should at once institute
measures of reform. To the extent
of their number thev are responsible
to the whole for the truth of this
indictment. Every sinelc farmer h.ia
a chance to stem this tide of des
truction so far as he is concerned.
Let him set at work at once to stud.
this question of fertility. Certain'y
he has not kow'edge enough now, for
fully 99 out of every 100 arc sending
their farms back not forward in the
scale of fertility. That shows of it
self that the 99 have not the knowl
edge they should have. The lum
dredth man docs better because he
knows better. We must have better
knowledge concerning the soil.
Then we must be willing to cnjj
a part of our income in bringing ui
the farm. We must 'buy phosphats-,
ground skinning stone and potash,
We must stop skinning the farm for
the last cent we can get in product.
If we farm) it for an increase in fer
tility, it will not be long before we
wi'l have an increased revenue. But
our present way of thinking and do
ing is sure to result in a constantly
decreasing revenue. What makes ail
food products so high? Largely be
cause of the lessened -product per
acre.
That is a factor tlwt is working all
the. time. New' ground with all its
virgin fertility is not broken fasl
enough to make up for the lessened
production of the old soil. .And the
population is increasing tremendously
The farmers who have brains to sec
these things arc waking up and it is
time they did.Hoard's Dairyman.
ENCOURAGING WORD FROM
DIXIE
Santa Clara, Washington County.
Edjtar Descrct Farmer:
, We have been trying dry farming
here on the Clara bench and Sue-'
ceeded this year in getting some nise"
beardless barley, which attained a
growth of . about three feet. The
barley was cut during the last week
in May, and made a splendid yield. jH
We also secured some Red Chaff H
wheat, which was cut during the fir-n H
week in June. This field of wheat H
will average at least fifteen bushcli H
of wheat to the -acre. H
These results have been made in H
this climate through the encourage- M
ment we receive from the Descrct H
Farmer. Though some of our good H
neighbors laugh at us, yet we feel M
highly encouraged over the results. M
This fall we arc going to plant some H
luccm, and we will also plant some M
Lofthouse and Turkey Red wheat. M
Would like very much for you to ad- M
vise us through the " Farmer if H
there is any wheat you think earlier H
and better for this, climate' and sandy M
ground; also is it a good thing to
harrow land after it is and has been H
dry? M
Wishing the Descrct Farmer the H
success it deserves. H
Fred .K.RcbcrJr.
H
Answered by tlic' Editor: '
The fact that wheat can be grown
without irrigation in Utah's Dixie
land, is rather astonishing, even to
the writer of this, who is an optimist
on the subject of dry farming. We
arc glad to learn that our corrcspon- H
dent is going to try Turkey Red
wheat. From some experiments re- H
ccntly had, we arc convinced that the rH
Turkey Red wiM give better results
than cither the Red Chaff or Loft-
house. M
Tt is certainly a good plan t'o' har-
row the ground when it 'becomes H
baked. We visited a field out in the
middle of the desert last week thai
has received a splendid fallow du-
ring this season. The ground was
plowed lust fa'l, and during this sea-
son, it has been disced twice and har-
rowed twice, and though there has
been a very light rainfall for three
months, yet at the time of our visit
during the fifst week in July, the
soil was full of moisture. The moU-
turc certainly can be retained in the
soil, if harrowing is frequently re-
sorted to. Harrow the ground, and
harrow again. Harrow the wheat
when" ft? 'is fep thick, and harrow
fwh.n it isJtato dry
farming, if; ituJlbeSjili I
one word, would be atitajnuri UyMW' fl
rowing. H

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