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title: 'Deseret farmer. (Provo, Utah) 1904-1912, July 17, 1909, Image 6',
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Image provided by: University of Utah, Marriott Library
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THE DESERET PARMER Saturday, july X7 i9o9.
Bullnnd Bull Calves for sale. Sired by Canary Tet de Kol
H His sire nnd dam are both brother and sister to the sire of
I the world's champion cow. Grace Fayne 2nd Homestead,
I Butter 35.55 pounds in 7 days.
f Also Woodside Pnupet; Dom Paupct, A. R. 0. 23.153 lbs.
I in 7 days. A great grand son of Old Bill Korndyke, A.R.O.
25.12 lbs. in 7 days. For pedigrees and prices write
I NELSON BROS.
Richmond - Utah
H Owing to our extensive circulation,
market reports must be closed Wcd-
nesday noon. Figures quoted are Salt
Lake wholesale prices. These quota-
tions arc given at the request of many
subscribers and are furnished and
H corrected weekly by the responsible
firm of Vogclcr Seed and Produce
Butter and Cheese.
Best creamery butter, 29; cheese,
H full cream, 17 to 18c.
Potatoes, $1.75 to $1.80.
H Poultry and Eggs.
Live hens, 14 to 15c per lb.
Dressed Hens, 17 to 18c. per lb.
Live broilers, 30c. per lb.
Errs, country run, per case, $7.00
Veal, 10 to nc; Pork, 8 to 9c.
H Grain, Hay and Flour.
Wheat, per 100 lbs., $2,25; corn, 100
lbs., $1.85; chop corn, 100 lbs., $1.90;
oats, per 100 lbs., $2.50; barley per 11
rolled, $2,10; bran per 100 .bs, $1,50;
Hour, high patent, per 100 lbs. $3,15;
straight grade, per 100 lbs, $3,00; al-
fal fa, baled, 70c cwt.; timothy, baled,
, fjoc cwt.; straw, baled, 40c.
m Honey, case, $2.25 and $2.50, ex-
tractcd, 6c. per lb.
Wmrrntmt Olvm M4lmfmm4fn.
' Qomhautt'm (
Nit toltttorx But Ko Osmpititors.
Safe, Speedy and Positive Cure for
erk Ip lint Sweeey, 0ppe4 Xock,
WrmXaei TMdost, JTeuader, WUi
Jfi, ami all UnntH from I p Avis,
Meffce&e aa4 ether bear tumor.
tm all ikla dkeam er raruitca.
Tkruik, Diphtheria. XemorM all
Xtacbca frem&onea er Oattla.
Aa a KumaiiRamedy for RhaumatliM,
Ifralaa, BoraXhroat, ta, It UloraluabTii.
"brery bottlo of OauiUo BiWn iold tt
Warranted to trtyo aAufilotlon. iiico 11.10
pr bottle. Bold by druirglits, or tent br ex
prew, charges paid, with full directions for
ita uia. CfUond for deccriptlro circulars,
twtlmoniaia, etc. Address .
th Uwtnct-Wlllltmt Co., Cleveland, 0,
I STAR FARM HOLSTEINS IN UTAH
.Star Farms have recently Imported a car-Joad of registered Hol-
a. 1 ' vs.anl heifers of the famous Star Farm breed, to intro-
m?;CC h? ft0C "Uo Uta,I T,,cv arc bcinS sold to the farmers of
H!.1? state. for, lcss .money than they would have brought at home.
inis car-load won't last long, take advantage of the bargains offered.
Write or call on
I VnMMnSpR,T-rh!2LOMEW HORACE L. BRONSON
FILLMORE UTAH, AGENT CORTLAN D, N. Y-, PROPRIETOR
I OFFICIAL DIRECTORY
President, E. S. Lovcsy,
355 Sixth East Strec, Salt Lake City.
I f,rst Vice-President, R. T. Rhces,
Second Vice-President, W. Bclliston,
Secretary, A. Fawson, Grantsville.
Asst. Sec'y, Jas. Neilsen, Holliday.
Salt Lake, W. C. Bcrgon, Mill Creek.
Utah, George Hone, Payson.
Wasatch, J. A. Smith, Hebcr City.
Davis, H. J. Butcher, Kaysville.
Boxeldcr, J. Hansen, Bear River City
Juab, Thomas Belliston, Nephi.
Washington, J. L. Bunting, St. George
Cache, Nephi Miller, Providence.
Morgan, T. R. G. Welch, Morgan.
K Emery, Chris Ottoson, Huntington.
Carbon, W. H. Horsley, Price.
Scvjer, R. A. Lowe, Austin.
1 Sanpete, Walter Cox, Fairvicw.
m Weber, Mrs. R. T. Rhee, Vlw.
"PHOTOS FREE" of my Regis
tered Duroc Jersey Swine. From the
Pioneer Herd. I pay express and
give easy terms.
F. R. PEART, Cornish, Utah,
INa'.no nnd Address. Numbered If Desired.
LEO. BANDS for Poultry, Pigeons, Turkeys
SALT LAKE STAMP Col Salt LA"ufflh!
A few choice Registered Jersey
bull calves at from $50.00 to $60.00
each. Also some Berkshire and
Duroc Jersey pigs.
R. D. No. 5. Ogdea Utah.
I fRD FfRMINGl
ARID AGRICULTURE IN UTAH
By J. G Hogcnson, Agronomist.
Agriculture of to-day is 9 science
which must be thoroughly understood
by those who practice it 'before they
can expect to make a success of it,
Those who do not advance with the
times, but keep on 'scratching the
ground with a hoc' not caring how
or when, will be left far behind, not
only in knowledge and success, but
a so financially.
Many of the young people who live
in an agricultural community fai! to
realize in their younger days at least
the advantages to be gained from a
thorough Study of agriculture. They
would rather get far away from rural
affairs into the busy rustle of our
crowded cities and leave the green
meadows, the waving grain the sing
ing birds, the pleasant shade, the pure
sparkling water and fresh air far be
hind. These God-given privileges are
not appreciated because they arc not
understood. If a'-l the underlying
principles of agriculture, botany, and
other natural sciences were under
stood, every piece of work, every
step and look upon the farm would
be of interest, because then we coiud
sec the workings of that wonderful
natural law which docs so much for
us, upon which we unconsciously de
pend, and which is perfect in its or
ganization and workings. At the Ag
ricultural College and Experiment
Station some of these principles arc
being worked out and taught so that
they may be understood.
The energy of the department of
agronomy during the last year has
Ibecn devoted to studying the prob
lems as outlined below:
The soils of Utah as a general rule
arc rich and deep and contain an
abundance of plant food. The main
efforts put forth by the Tanners of
the state are directed toward the se
curing and storing of moisture and
not toward the accumulating and stor
ing of plant foods. In many places
in the state where the drainage is
poor, the plant foods and other solu
ble salts have accumulated in
such abundance that alkaline land is
the result. Where rainfall is plenti
ful and the drainage perfect these
salts are washed and bleached our,
but in the arid regions they arc
brought to the surface by capillarity
and remain there in crusts.
There arc two kinds of allkali: the
white and the black. The white con
sists largely of sodium' sulphate.
Black alkali consists largely of so- 'l
dium carbonate. This is the most
dcad'y to plants and may be remedied '
to a certain extent by the addition 1 l
land plaster (gypsum). This changes
the black to a white alkali which is
less injurious to ants.
Drainage is the only sure remedy
for alkali land. Deep pltfwing and
frequent cu'tivation tend to help al
kali land, because they lessen the cap
illary rise of water and thus also the I
evaporation of water from the surface i
and a'so the concentration of salts
there. The addition dT organic mas
ter weakens for a time tlic alkali solu
tion and .checks the capillary rise of
water so that plants wi'l grow there.
A great deal of interest has recently
been taken in this type of farming,
and justly, too, because it is one of
the most important of coming indus
tries. There arc some 20,000,000
acres in the state that can be re
claimed in no other way than by the
application of scientific principles of
agriculture. Good crops cannot be
- grown on these 'lands by careless
methods because of the lack of mois
ture. Summer Fallow.
The great problem of arid farming I
is the securing of moisture, which 1
must first be gotten into the soil an.l m
then kept there until the plants need 1
it. The land should be plowed deep- I
ly in the fall to make an adequate I
reservoir for the storing of the win-
ter moisture. The land should be fal
lowed during alternate years so thnt
the moisture of two years will be
available to the crop. The fa'llow
land should be kept cultivated and
free from weeds to prevent the evap
oration of water from the surface;.
Deep-rooted crops should be selected I