Newspaper Page Text
Dakota County Herald
DAKOTA CITY. NKB.
John M. Ram, Publlshe
A man's dollar do not always make
tip for bis lack of sense.
K mast be much pleasanter to pilot
a. war balloon before hontilitIe begin
The Wright boys will be flying to
(he end f the rainbow next and ren
log back with a pot of gold.
Th g'rl who graduates In calico
wobI fool many young men Into the
belief that It Is her favorite fabric.
The Pittsburg man who proposed to
every woman he met wa9 Insane. Oth
erwise be might not have escaped no
Some men make more noise about
a nickel they contribute to charity
than an old hen doe when she lays
Mark Twain appears to nwd some
trustworthy person to take care of
bis money for him after he has
Washington is bothered by a bur
glar who wears a dress suit. Yet, aft
r all. It Is only fitting that a burglar
ihould wear evening clothes.
An Oklahoma man was sentenced
to two days In janl for cheating the
gas meter. This would be fair If
there was any way of sending the gas
deter to Jail for chaatlng.
There Is something marvelous In the
tact that a tree will tower for decades
Unscathed of storm and get struck by
lightning the first time any one seeks
ihelter under It from the rain.
Working girls, says a minor poet,
leed poetry to reslHt evil. Some of
Ihe poetry should take the form of
tiore healthy workshops, protected ma
rhlnery and better surroundings.
Those American girls who Insist
ipon mlnlBterlng to the spiritual needs
f Chinamen should remember that
the Oriental Idea of women has not
changed materially In the last 5,000
Will the girls who have made their
wn graduation dresses and are proud
f !t pledge themselves to make their
wn dresses after marriage? Worthy
tat poor young men might like asHur
lace on this point.
Notwithstanding the disclosures of
the Gould case, there are countleHs
thousands of young people In the
rorld wbo will stick to the Idea that
there la nothing like walking hand In
and with love down a Bhady lnne.
Four of the recruits who entered the
Russian army last year were more
than six feet and five inches tall, and
ibout 1,200 were more than six feet
Ind an Inch. The report does not say
hether they came from Little Russia
" r from Poland.
A Russian Grand Duke has sent to
' Ifals country for a allver appliance
' which will enable him to hold an ear
f corn while he eats the kernels
b-ora the cob.; If be wears his whis
kers a la Russ we hope he will not
racceed In getting the appliance.
A man of the name of Giovanni Ver
; tazxano is alleged to have sailed up
ho Hudson River eighty-five years be
fore the man who gave the stream his
lame ever saw it. It Is a lucky thing
tor the school children who have to
tudy geography that Verrazzano
lldn't butt In and name the river after
The Holbein portrait episode has
in Interesting sequel. The Duke of
Norfolk, who sold It, is reported to
kave used the money to set aside out
if his own property a park area for
Ihe enjoyment of the people. It Is a
hatter for nice calculation to doter
nine whether more good would be
rained from the park or the picture.
Our future captains of Industry are
irobably to be found, us were most
f the present. In obscure positions.
They are rodmen on the way to be
tomlng heads of great engineering
toncerns; train dispatchers en route
br railway presidents; clerks In coun
try stores fitting themselves all un
ionscIouBly to be financial leaders. The
peculiar qualities which make them
hat they are cannot be taught; they
Ire partly the gift of nature, and part
r beaten out In the hard aohool of
At the headquarters of the London
Tire Brigade, recently, there was on
Izhlbltion a "liquid air helmet which
tnables a man to enter the densest and
nost poisonous fumes without injury,1
tnd a "collapsible brass helmet" of
hlch there was a more wonderful tale
to tell. One of them was worn by a
3 reman at a fire In a rag and bottle
hop. Fourteen tons of glass fell on
Ihe man's head and completely burled
tlm, and when he had been dug out.
Jown to his shoulders, another show
er of glass descended and burled him
tgaln. "He was In the hospital for
four months," added the brigade In
tructor, "and glass was coming out
of different parts of his body for six
months afterward, but be Is still one
f our best men."
Rumors and counter rumors, asser
tions and denials following each other
Ironi Central America all lead to the
belief that, sooner or later, there will
tome a struggle In that little group of
tilnlature republics which will result
I In a confederation of them all, with
J Jne (directed by a strong matt) domt-
f ant over the whole. Whether lnter-
j , Terence by the United States and Mex-
t ' Ico, or by either alone, would prevent
this culmination, or, on the contrary.
I hasten It, U a question which cannot
be answered. That events are crowd-
Ing to an Issue in Central America,
that the issue concerns the domlna-
' lion of that group of nations, and that
ihe United SUtes and Mexico are like-
ly to become involvel to a greater or
less extent, in llio opinion of the Bos
ton Advertiser, Is a reasonable belief.
The medical profession has wor
ried for some time about the steady
Increase of cancer. When all other
diseases are coming under better con
trol with advance of medical science
and sanitation, the proportion of
deaths by cancer Increases In all civ
ilized countries. According to late
reports one woman out of every eight
in England and one man out of every
eleven over 35, dies of cancer. More
over, it Is a disease of civilisation
and of the most carefully nurtured
classes. It Is rare among savages and
not common among the poor and Ill
cared for. It Increases with human
progress and with the elevation of
individuals and families In the scale
ef comfort. Meanwhile science can
make nothing of Its cause or cure.
All that laboratory Investigation and
experiments on animals can prove Is
that It Is a growth of cells, not other
wise morbid or noxious than In a pow
er of multiplication so rapid as to
crowd out or swallow up the normal
cells. An article on the subject In a
current magazine hints at a curious
explanation. It Is a common, but bar
ren remark that the progress of med
icine and sanitation has thwarted the
law of nature by which tho human
garden Is ridded of Its weaker plants
by natural selection and survival of
the fittest. Care and science keep
alive, moHt of all In civilized coun
tries and the best cared for families,
thousands or millions that In a state
nearer nature would have died In In
fancy or youth. It Is Intimated that
cancer may be the last resort of na
ture to assert the principle of destruc
tion of the weak. When we protect
them from every other scourge till
they pass 35. this mysterious and Irre
sistible agency removes thorn. It ap
pears to be a selective force, because
there are recoveries from cancer as
incomprehensible as Its ravages and
the few who make them are Immune
The Iloral Telephone.
A neighborhood not fur from here,
Put In a telephone last year;
FurnnTS built a rural line.
Instruments all "talked up" fine.
All you bad to do was ring,
Kvery bell went tlrig-u-ling;
One for Swnnson, two for 1 Soxes,
Lorn? and short for Mrs. Scroggs;
Every neighbor had his call,
Twist the crank and that was nil.
Mighty nice when work wass through,
To gossip for an hour or two
With your neighbors, one by one;
Mighty nice when work was through.
Other people's secrets dear
Poured Into his largo red ear;
Slupped bis leg and said: "I swanl
Telephone's lots of fun."
Somehow In a week or two
Troubles dark begun to brew.
Farmer Jones got fighting hot,
Heard Scroggs calling blin a sot;
Hcroggs also got angry, too.
Heard Smith telling what he knew.
Smith heard Johnson telling ltei,
Paid him off with two black eyes;
Johnson heard young Kzra Hoggs
Underbid htm on bis bogs;
To overhear some other two
Telling what wns not for you.
Kvery time the signal rang
To the 'phone each farmer sprang.
Slyly grinned and softly took
The receiver from the hook;
Hoggs overheard a sneaking churl
Making love to his best girl.
Women, too, were In the muss,
Raised a most tremendous fuss.
Everyone from Scroggs to Jones
In glass houses throwing stones.
Now the line has silent grown,
Wires rusted, poles o'erthrown.
Twenty friends are deadly foes.
Each one full of grief's and woes.
Each too mud to speak a word,
'Cause of things they overheard.
A Careful Mm,
The passengers lit un accommodt
tlon train which was winding Its
way through New Hampshire were In
terested and amused by an elderly
couple who sat In the middle of the
They talked as If there were no one
else In the car. Therefore, having
heard most of their private plans, no
one waa surprised to have the old man
take the assembled company fully
Into his confidence. At one utatlon he
rose and addressed the passengers In
"Can anybody change a five dollar
bill for two twos and a one or five
ones?" he Inquired.
"I can," said a brisk woman, and
the transfer was quickly made.
"Now, could anybody change this
one dollar bill for four quarters or
tens and fives?" asked the old man.
"I can give you two fifties," said a
man from the rear seat, "uulosa some
body else can do better."
It appeared that nobody could or
at leant nobody offered, so as the
train started the old man lurched
down the car to the possessor of the
two fifty cent pieces.
"Thank you," he said as he tork
tho money. "I'm obliged, though I'd
have liked the quarters best. You
see, Marthy has set her mind to stop
off at Nashuy whilst I go on up to
my brother' with the eggs and truck.
And, though Abe don't plan nor mean
to be a spendthrift? woman, when
she's let loose amongst a lot of stores
he'll run through 50 cents In an Uour
easy, and I kind of have to put a
curb on her." Youth's Companion.
Uarrn of Holland I.Ike Other Otrla.
The lady who Is now the queen of
Holland became a queen when she was
quite a little girl.
One day the little queen wished to
apeak to her mother, so she went up
to the door of the room In which her
mother was talking to some friends,
and there she knocked very loudly.
"Who's there?" asked mother.
"It U the Queen of Holland," re
plied the little girl, In very Btately
"Then," called the mother, "aha
must not come In."
On hearing this the little queen al
tered her voice and In a very gentle
tone said: "Mamma, It's your own lit
tle daughter that loves you and would
like to kiss you!"
Whereupon mother, who was Just
like other title girls' mothers, called
out: "You may come In, then."
Roys say that any girl who want
fireworks la a tomboy.
O wandering wind, 1 pray thee fl thy wings.
The whf. Bering trees are calling thee te rest.
The sl y grows dim, the noisy birds are still,
And softly sleeps my baby at my breast
O restless sea, whop waters wan and cold.
Fret the brown rocks with angry moon-white crest;
Hush them, I pray, to little lapping waves.
For softly sleeps my baby at my breast
O guardian stars, half hid by fleecy cloudlets.
Your watch fires now 1 pray make manifest;
No other llsht have we within the chamber,
Where softly sleeps my baby at my breast.
O Lord of earth, and sea, and itara, and heaven,
Come to our home to-night, and be our guest;
So In the dnrki.ess, which Is as Thy shadow.
Shall softly sleep my
It was a disagreeable surprise to us
heavy artillery men when our regiment
was detailed for prison duty during
the war, not only because it was dis
tasteful work, but we thought it derog
atory to our branch of the service;
and, Indeed, It Is a mystery to me to
this day why we were selected.
Hut the command having been given
we were soon on the march and one
sultry summer afternoon arrived at
We found that the prison consisted
of a long, low shed surrounded by a
palisade about nine feot high called a
stockade, and this again encircled by
a raised platform at such a height that
sentries placed upon It could look over
the top of the enclosure and observe
the prisoners Inside.
This was necessary because at some
distance from the shed waa a shallow
ditch, dubbed In military parlance "a
fence," although a more absurd name
could hardly have been chosen, since
It could be crossed by a single stride,
and at night It was so Indistinct that
a line of lighted lanterns had to be
placed near it In order to prevent the
prisoners from stepping Inadvertently
There was another and more sinister
name by which the fence was known
to guards and prisoners alike;. It was
called by them "the dead line," because
a prisoner found across It waa ordered
to be Bhot.
We had been encamped about a week
when, one stormy evening, I visited a
brother officer In his tent, and on leav
ing his quarters on my homeward
Journey found the night so dark that
I lost my way and did not know where
I was till I brought up against the
stockade. At that moment a rift In
the clouds letting out a moonbeam,
I saw distinctly through the palings a
man in a tattered gray uniform look
ing up In antontshmentat a sentry who
was violently gesticulating. The fel
low w;is throwing his arms about in
a way that made him resemble a scare
crow In a wheat field during a gale of
I was at a loss to understand his ac
tions till, on looking more closely at
the prisoner. I observed that the line
of black lanterns, whose light had
been extinguished by the violence of
the wind, was buhlnd Instead of in
front of him. The prisoner's face was
toward the moonlight, which was at
I my bak. and I therefore could see his
features plainly, and knew by the ex
pression of them that this grim, de-
I termlned looking .man was quite un
aware of the danger of his position.
I After a second or two It. seemed to
dawn upon lilm; he Htepped hastily
backward and was soon lost In the
black shadow of the prison shed.
I heard the sentry resume his meas
ured tread, but could see nothing fur
ther, for the moonlight was again cur
tained by the clouds.
Alone and uuobserved I had wit
nessed a dereliction of duty on the
part of the sentry that If I reported
U would probably be fatal to him;
what was I to do? If I did net report
hint I myself would be as guilty as be.
B stood rooted to the spot In the
still, black night, for the w ind had en
tirely died away. In an ecstasy ef
agony. The perspiration broke out In
great beads on my forehead, and my
bands were clenched until the nails
wounded the palms.
If the moon had only not come out
all would have been well; tha prison
er, whatever may have been his inten
tions, would never have been discov
ered by the sentry or myself, and I
would have grojted my way to my tent
In blissful Ignorance of what was now
causing me so much misery.
While I was thinking this, or rather
immediately afterwards, a thin, small
voice sounded In my ear to this day
I cannot tell whether It cume from
heaven or hell but It said distinctly.
"The United Slates expects every offi
cer to do bis duty." And slowly I
dragged myself to the tent of the offl
cer of the watch and reported what
I had seen.
Immediately on my report a posse
was detailed to arrest Number Sit
and replace him by another man. The
sentries on the platform were num
bered according to their position, and
therefore I knew exactly which seutry
had been In fault.
In the morning a court-martial was
held, at which, of course, 1 was the
solitary witness ugalnst the prisoner.
He was brought In weaponless, be-
baby at my breast.
iwecn two armed guards. During the
preceding night I hsd not been In a
position to observe his countenance,
therefore I waa greatly horrified to
find that this tall, thin stripling,
rrarcely 21 years of age. whoso lank,
sandy hair hung over the collar of
bis coat, and was almost the color of
his complexion, was a lad I had espe
cially befriended, with whym I was
as intimate as an officer Is permitted
to bo with a private In the same regi
ment. The boy was a most determined
young fellow. He had been singularly
well conducted and a great Interest
was taken in him by all of his offi
cers, because It was known that he
was the son of a Southern planter,
and that he had run away from home
on the breaking out of the war, and
enlisted In the Federal ranks. He
stood facing the Judge, very erect, his
arms straight down by his sides in
the attitude of attention; but I
thought I detected, notwithstanding
the grimness of his features, a certain
gray shadow stealing over his face
that made me shudder, for somehow
or another it put me In mtnri nf h
shadow of death.
The Judge asked the prisoner his
nnme, which was only a formality, he
knowing It quite well, being his col
onel. On hearing it. the Judge con
tinued: "You are accused, Percy Livingston,
of dereliction of duty last night; what
have you to say in self-defense?"
"Who is my accuser, sir?" asked the
youth, his keen, gray eyes roving
round the room.
"Captain Blank over there," replied
the colonel, nodding in my direction.
The lad gave me one swift look
and then turned his eyes away. There
was a whole sentence of reproach in
that quick glance; It said: "You, my
friend and mentor, to whom I looked
for advice jn every difficulty? I
could not have believed you would
act so like a traitor!" It made me
feel as if I were tha real culprit.
"Private Livingston. If you have
anything to say concerning the rea
son why you allowed a rebel prisoner
io encape punishment last night, say
The soldier made several Ineffectual
efforts to answer the Judge, but each
time a dry sob choked his utterance;
at length he stammered:
"He was my father, sir."
I shall never forget the hoarse mur
mur of horror that came from those
war-seasoned, hard-featured soldiers
gathered for a matter of life and
death; it was succeeded by a silence
that could be felt, that seemed to
hinder one's breathing. The majors
and captains and lieutenants bit their
mustaches and gazed furtively at their
colonel to see what effect the words
had on him; but he gave no sign, his
visage being as immovable and ex
pressionless as that of the Sphinx.
Turning to the orderlies, he com
manded them to search out the rebel
prisoner, Livingston. A most unBol
dlerly looking man came striding In;
his figure was slouching, his manner
ungainly, yet, for all that, no one
could look at the tall stooping giant
without feeling that he belonged to a
ruling caste. This man, in spite of
his stoop and his slouch, was accus
tomed to say to other men. "Do this,"
and t was done.
There was a puzzled expression on
his face as he looked at the Judge; It
said. "What am I wanted for?"
"Is this your son?" asked th. i.
The Southerner had not looked at
the lad since he came into the room;
now he turned with a perceptible
start and fixed his gaze on the boy
ho evidently had failed to recognize
him the night before; be gazed long
and sternly on him, but the young
fellow's eyes were on the ground.
As they stood together In the open
space in the center of the room, no
one could doubt tbe relationship ex
isting between the two; six feet two.
every inch of It. both of them, with
square, high shoulders, long, thin
neck, a figure too narrow for its
height, and the same grim, thln-llpped
mouth; and yet the elder turned to
the Judge and said:
"He says he Is your son."
The old man drew himself up. fold
ed his arms across his breast, and
said In a hard voice:
"He was my son, but I recognize no
child of mine In your ranks."
"Captain Rlank. Is this the man
that crossed the fence last night?"
asked the colonel.
"Yes. sir." I answered.
"You hare no doubt about It?"
"Prisoner Livingston, what have
you to ay?"
"It was so dark that I could not Bee
the line, tbe lantern light having been
blown out by the wind."
"Hut you saw the sentry waving to
"Yes. but only when moonlight came
from the clouds; It was he who di
rected my attention to what I had
"You are aware, of course, that this
man has forfeited his Ufa to save
yours, as his orders were to shoot any
prisoner found across the line?''
"Perhaps he he recognized uie,
? will have to accept the conse
quence of disobedience," said the
Judge In a hard, dry voice.
The planter turned once more and
looked at his son, but the boy bad
never lifted his eyes. The grlmneas
faded from the old man's face, and
after one long, wistful look he faced
the Judge. The pride of the haughty
ruler of slaves was humbled! It was a
suppliant who said In a broken voice:
"I, too, am a soldier, let me die In
bis place, Judge; he Is so young."
"No. I forbid It!" called out the boy
In a strong, stern voice. "I have brok
en the rules of the army and must pay
"He is right; the army in such a
rase accepts no substitute." said the
The son stretched forth his hands
Imploringly to his father, and In a
broken vclce begged for forgiveness
"It Is for the last time, father."
The planter's face became gray ns
without a word he opened his arms.
The son flew Into them as a swallow
flies to Its nest, and while that mili
tary crowd cleared Its throat the fath
er and son wept on each other's necks.
Hut the old colonel still sat immov
able. Presently the father cried out In the
language of David:
"Oh, my son, my son, would God
I had died for thee!"
Then he stroked the boy's head,
kissed him on the forehead and gently
pushed him away, and the two tall
soldiers of opposing armies stood side
by Bide with bowed beads, awaiting
the sentence of tbe Judge,
"Private Livingston," began the
Judge "ahem." The officers glanced
at each other In astonishment, and the
glance said. "Our tough old colonel
has broken down."
"Private Livingston," he began
again, then cleared his throat for ac
tion In a very fierce way. "You are
sentenced to acquittal In considera
tion of your relationship to the rebel
An Irrepressible murmur of appro
bation broke from the court of war,
and one stout and red-faced major,
who had not so very long ago been a
private himself and was before that
a respectable shoemaker, burst out
with an "Hooray!"
"8ilence, sir," commanded the col
onel, "or I'll have you arrested for
contempt of court."
The discomfited major sat down
again, while his fellow officers passed
their hands over their mouths to con
ceal their smiles.
"Private Livingston, you can now
conduct your father back to the stock
ade." As the two men passed out arm in
arm a general handshaking took place
In the court room, and everybody con
gratulated everybody else on the hap
py termination of what promised to
be an awful tragedy. Waverly Magazine.
Post Holes by Machine.
An Interesting post hole boring out
fit which will make a hole uniform In
size at top and bottom and of any
depth to six feet Is described in the
July Popular Mechanics. It consists
of a boring machine, mounted on a
truck In such a way that It can be
worked at either side or back of the
truck. The holea are made by a large
auger, or chisel bit, operated by a
gear working In a toothed shaft, which
furnishes the means of raising or low
ering it. The power Is applied by
two friction clutches, which permit
this raising or lowering of the auger
without reversing its motion.
The engine and gasoline tank are
placed on the front part of the ma
chine, in this way providing sufficient
weight to balance the other end, and
the power Is transmitted from the en
gine to the drive pulley by means of
a belt. The machine will dig holes
In any kind of soil on to which the
truck can be driven, cutting readily
through hardpah, shale and soft sand
stone. Two men are required to oper
A 1'ramp of Hrinarrc.
Much experience of thirsty tramps
had caused the author of "An English
Holiday," J. J. Hlssey, to foreknow
almost exactly what they would say
to him. One day,-when sending his
motor car slowly along a shady En
glish road, he met one of this gild,
who accosted him with the prelimin
ary touch of his cap. Mr. Hlssey an
ticipated him by exclaiming:
"I be mortal thirsty! Have you,
good sir, the price of a glass of ale
about you? I've driven nearly fifty
miles to-day, and since the morning
not a bite of food has passed my lips."
Tbe look of astonishment that tramp
gave me was a delight to observe. Rut
this tramp was a man of ready re
source, and seeing I was a hopeless
case, he rose to the occasion and
promptly exclaimed, with what dignity
he could command and with a com
ically serious expression:
"If there were a policeman In sight
I would give you In charge for beg
ging, that I would!"
Head Ob, Onlr.
Any remark which might possibly
be construed into unfavorable criti
cism of his old master or any of his
belongings Is Instantly resented by
Pomp, an old Southern negro. A young
granddaughter from "up norf" was
looking over tbe family portraits and
commenting freely, while Pomp stood,
a sable linage, at her side.
"I don't think much of that horse's
tall." said the girl, nodding her bead
toward a portrait of her spirited an
cestor seated on the horse which car
ried him through the civil war. "It
looks rather moth-eaten to me."
"Dey wasn't nobody from de Norf
eher raw dat hoss's tall in wah times,"
answered Pomp, his voice charged
A Hlal lo Ih Witt,
As Jones and Hrown were crawling
along the highway where lately they
had gone at top speed, a writer In the
Pittsburg Despatch says, Jones was
moved to Inquire why Brown ran his
car ho slowly these days.
"When everybody's carrying home
garden tools," Brown replied, "you
can't run over a man without risking
About tue only work an offlce-hnhi.
I er does is to work for re election.
The French Aerial league numbers
ten thousand members.
The total continental area of the
United States, Including Alaska, is
about equal to tbat of all Europe,
It Is said that the negligence ot the
railroad management is responsible
for only about one-fifth of tbe losses
of freight In shipment.
Prof. Herkomer maintain! thst the
leading trait among modern partnters
Is no longer love of their arf, but
pride at tbe price paid for their pic
tures. While the seeds of the dorowa, an
East Africa leguminous tree, fj-e ex
tensively used for food, tbe pels and
leaves form an excellent cemeoV when
mixed with crushed stone.
In the phonograph archive of the
Vienna Academy of Sciences ft collec
tion of music and speech of many
races and tribes In distant hnds Is
gradually being formed. The most re
cent additions have been brought from
Natal, and Include selections of
speech, song and music from Zulus,
Nad I, Swazl, Matabele. Baca ftd other
In some parts of the wftid the
women are not even allowed to pray.
Certain Hindoo congregations deny
their women this privilege, and among
the AInus women can praf only In
very rare cases as the deputies of
their husbands. The natives of Mada
gascar, however, stretch a )oInt and
permit their women to Intercede with
the powers of evil, but praytt to their
supreme being Is strictly a aoascullne
At Kiel, Germany, instruction in the
use of the railway time table la a
part of the curriculum In the ele
mentary schools. It has been found
that either the plan of railway train
books Is so complicated of else that
the people are so dense thai the aver
age adult can not understand it. In
the Kiel schools lectures are given
on the time table and problems are set
or questions put as to Imagery tour
and the pupil with book rt hand 1
required to answer.
Although not the largest ar longest
river, the Amazon Is the most won
derful river in the world, with a
mouth 150 miles in width, and with
a force of water that repels, or at
least overlays, the ocean to a distance
of more than fifty leagues. Yet, In
spite of the weight of the river, the
tide makes its influence felt for five
hundred miles from the coast. The
easterly trade winds blow almost In
variably upward so as to be ready to
help the vessel againBt the adverse
WOMAN'S BIGHTS XJT NOBWAY.
Mfa Ulna Kro, a Pioneer, Telia
What Her Sex Has Achieved.
Miss Gina Krog, the most prominent
Norwegian delegate to the quinquen
nial meeting of the National Council
of Women, held in Toronto recently,
started the first Woman's Rights Asso
ciation in Norway more than twenty
five years ago in Chrlstlanla. The or
ganization, now known as the Equal
Suffrage League, was instrumental !n
procuring the ballot for women. On
her way to Toronto Miss Krog stopped
in New York for several weeks.
"I couldn't come to America with
out seeing at least a part of tbe
States," she said. "On the other side
we are not only Interested in you as
a nation, but we are anxious to see
Just what you are going to do about
giving women the ballot.
"The women of Norway have had
municipal suffrage and been eligible
for all municipal offices for the last
nine years, and next fall we will exer
cise our rights as full voters for the
first time. Though we speak of It as
universal suffrage, we don't really
have the same rights to the ballot as
the men have at present.
"Before 1898 the men of Norway
had suffrage with the taxation qualifi
cation. On that date they got univer
sal suffrage. Next fall the women of
Norway will begin to vote just about
on the same terms that the men did
before 1898. with the advantage that
married women can vote on the taxes
paid by their husbands and unmarried
women on those paid by their parents.
That Is better than the men started
with, you see.
"The women of Norway have served
on Juries for upward of five years.
Often a woman is elected as foreman.
We serve In all sorts of cases, Just as
the men do. They look upon us wom
en of Norway as being Interested In
the welfare of our country aside from
our sex. We have no children's court
as yet. In its place we have a body
of officers, men and women, elected by
the municipal authorities to look after
the welfare of the children. New
HOW WIND PRODUCES WAVES.
It Action Ipon Deaert Sand and
There are wind waves in water,
sand and snow. The great sea waves
are produced at that part of a cyclone
where the direction of tbe wind coin
cides with the direction of advance of
the depression. Along this line of ad
vance the waves in their progress are
accompanied by a strong wind blow
ing across their ridges as long as the
atmospheric depression is maintained.
So the waves are developed until they
become steep. The average height in
feet is about half the velocity of the
wind In miles.
A wind of 62 miles an hour gives
waves of an average height of 26 feet,
although individual waves will attain
a height of 40 feet. The prevailing
wind in all longitudes Is westerly, so
wherever a westerly wind springs up
It. finds a long westerly swell, the ef
fect of a previous wind, still running,
aud the principal effect of the newly
born wind is to increase the steepness
of the already running long Bwell so
as to form majestic storm waves,
which sometimes attain a length of
1,200 feet from crest to crest. The
longest swells due to wind are almost
Invisible during storms, for Lhey are
masked by the shorter and steeper
wares, but they emerge Into view
after or beyond the storm.
Tte action of th wind to drift dry
sand In a procession of waves Is seen
In Ihe deserts. As the sand waves
cani'ot travel by gravitation their
movements are entirely controlled by
the wind and they are therefore uiuuh
simpler and more regular in form and
movement than ocean waves. In their
greatest heights f several hundred
feet the former become more complex
owing to the partial consolidation of
the lower layers of sand by pressure,
bt they still havs the characteristic
In th Winnipeg prairies ef Canada
freshly fallen snow Is drifted by wind
In a procession of regular waves pro
gressing with a visible and ghostlike
motion. Tavey are similar to desert
sand waves, but less than half as
steep, the wave length being 60 times
as great as the height. The flatness
of the wind-formed snow waves af
fords a valuable Indication of the
great distance to which hills sheltei
from tbe wind. Chicago Tribune.
TENDENCY TO BE QUEER.
Its Manlfealatlona In the Henlma ot
Hrlljfloa and Ilenllnar.
While the majority of people are in
clined to think and act like one an
other, thus keeping the social order
from violent convulsions, there is on
the part of a great many a native ten
dency toward the queer; they are con
tented only outside of the traces, the
Century says. In every community
small enough to be aware of its own
Individualities people In general know
who are the "natural-born" come-outera
which man and which woman Is
likely to take up with the newest fad
in dress, doctoring, means of grace,
political economy, "social science" and
the true authorship of Shakespeare's
There are certain persons destined
to progress from one so-called reform
to another more extreme as quickly as
the reform shows Itself. They are
pretty sure to box the compass of re
ligions, passing by gradual or vioient
stages from absolute lrreliglon to th
narrowest dogmatism, or with great
rapidity the other way around. Or
they gravitate once and for all into
the most Irrational and absurd "relig
ion" which happens to be forced upon
their attention and stick contentedly
to Its extremest tenets and practices.
The more "occult" and, to the ordin
ary mind, preposterous the new relig
ion the greater the attraction It haa
for certain minds. The new religion
Is apt to be founded on some one
phase of the old a phase of It which
by very reiteration and use has bo
ccme trite. In its new and fantastic
dress the old principle strikes the new
adept as something In the nature of
a fresh revelation. ;
As for the realm of healing, here
all that Is Inconsequential and super
stitious In the human mind Is flagrant
ly revealed. Here every human being
defends his right to experiment for
himself and to give advice to others
We do not, or at least most of ns
do not, feel quite free to Instruct and
direct our neighbors continually in
things spiritual; but in the matter of
health and disease we all assert free
dom of practice and of prescription.
To such an extent Is this tendency to
ward universal special ization that the
strong hand of the law has to be
called in and only under penalties
may Tom, Dick, Harry and Harriet
hang out bis or her shingle as a com
petent practitioner for tha cure of all
human ailments. The tendency Is
nearly universal, but even here some
more than others take Instinctively to
Vit of the Youngsters!;
Tescher In this sentence, "The
sick boy loves his medicine," what
part of speech Is "loves?" Small Roy
Please, ma'am, It's the part that
Margie's mother waa sowlug some
seeds and explaining how they would
come up plants. "Oh, yes!" exclaimed
Margie, "they go to bed babies and
get up grown people."
Little Fred had been reading about
Darwin, and one day he said: "Grand
pa, I want to ask you something."
"Well, what is It, Fred?" queried the
old gentleman. "When you were a
monkey," nald the small student, "did
you have a tall?"
Stern Parent (bringing out the
strap) Now, Tommy, I suppose you
know why I am going to whip you,
don't you? Little Tommy Yea, "sir.
To" are going to whlj) me because I
am so small. If I was as big as the
man next door you wouldn't dare lay
a finger on me.
The Whisker In Ularac.
To the modern youth of this coun
try the whisker, whether worn by old
or young, is designed solely for ridi
cule and scorn. On the eastern .sea
coast we have reached the heyday of
the barber in that probably nine men
out of ten are smooth shaven. Yet
the facial butchers are not grateful.
Even when sharpening their razors
for the mutilation of their next victim
they grumble loudly: "We lose money
on shaves; give us the old days of
neatly trimmed whiskers and Soatlng
mustaches, when ointments and hair
tonics were as carefully considered as
vintage wine and the adornment of the
face was of more imyortance than the
adornment of the body."
Plans have been completed for an
under-river tunuel to connect Philadel
phia and Camden, N. J. The success
of New York's rivals to the ferry
boats and bridges has aroused a gen
eral demand among the Quakers and
their Jersey neighbors for similar
conveniences, and contractors hope to
provide them within three years. It
is estimated that the cost will b
When a man engages In a quarrel,
be begins to think up lies to tell on
It Is a common experience
chlggcrs prefer tbe white meat