Newspaper Page Text
IIALU WVl , . - . 11. nrot. iw
lirtivOt A i i I 111-.
JOHN H. REAM, Publisher.
DAKOTA CITY, NEBRASKA.
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HOW LIFE IS SPENT.
"Tho days of our Uvea aro three
Bcoru years nnd ten," sings tho
Psalmist; nnd tho man or woman who
attains that ago BpendB years of his
life In doing what nro regarded as
common dally actions. The average
person of seventy has spent no fowor
thnn twenty-three years of his Ufo In
bed, assuming that his nightly sloop
hai been eight hours throughout life,
says the London Answers Most peo
ple spend about fifteen minutes a day
over the faro of their teeth. Tho
septuagenarians havo thus Bpent al
most a year In this way. How long
havo thoy spent at tablo? Allow half
an hour for each meal, and the an
swer Is bIx years Thev, eat on an
averago one loaf of bread a day. In
all tholr life three miles of loaves
have been consumed, supposing that
tho latter aro put end to end. Includ
ing tea, coffeo and milk, three hun
dred barrels of liquid havo boon ac
counted for. Tho office man of sev
enty has put In Ave years In walking
to tho station and to his oRlco. A
woman of seventy, ovon itimple In her
ilress, has taken sevon ytars In cloth
ing horsolf. A man and a woman
wbb havo reached the allottod span
of llfo will havo used COO palm of
boots between them, 400 dvesses and
If there wcro Carnegie medals for
Ideal husbands, a man in Chicago
would surely be decorated. Ho weighs
nearly 200 and by trado ho Is boiler
maker, blacksmith, hodcarrlor, team
ster, lumper nnd man of nit work, but
he found that ho could not cam ns
much in a month ns his wife could In
a week. She weighs !)8 pounds nnd
Is a drossmakor, or, to bo more polite,
a "ladlos tailor." So when It sud
denly occurred to him tl,at It would
not bo a bad plan If hi) exchanged
places with his wifo nnd let her be
tho breadwinner, while ho did tho
housowork cooking, scrcbblng, wash
ing, Ironing, mending nnd tending
tha baby- ho followed rho happy In
spiration, says tho Boston Globe.
That was six months ego nnd Rlnco
then things have gone beautifully, ex
cept that the man has found that
housowork Is as arduous and more
vexatious than any mascullno manunl
labor he had previously dono. Tho
experiment has been a great success.
And why should It not havo been,
with a little pood will on tho hus
band's part? What Is there, not In
custom, usage, habit, but In tho na
ture of thlnes, that makes housework
better fitted for women thun for men?
m the Bark
HAT tho next conflict between
nations will bo a war In the air,
which will probably be fought
largily In the dark, Is tho belief
of certain mllltnry strntoglstB. If
they aro right, then according to
present indications the United
Stateo would suffer defeat,
should It bo one of tho com
batants. "This government In far be
hind every 'nation In military avi
ation, as wo have at presont but
ton neroplancs and ten thoroughly trained mon
ready for Borvico," said no less an authority
than Brig (Ion, James Allen, chief of the signal
corps. "We havo gone slow, very slow, In tho
preparation of our military sky army for vari
ous reasons, because theru has been no seeming
pressing need of extensive defense of this kind.
Hoallzlng, however, whut otlir nations havo
dono toward preparing themselves for aerial '
A French flat ownei offera apart
menu rent free for three month" to
any tenants visited by tho stork.
Aweilcan parents who have found chil
dren an incumbrance when they tried
flat hunting will bo glad there Is some
place where children are not banned.
A summer visitor Is winning fnrao
in Now Hampshire by wearing golden
stockings. In tbeso days of modern
enterprise and wealth there are so
many ways of becoming famous whon
tho paths of famo, open to ability and
worth only, are closed.
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conflict, our govern
ment is now taking
steps toward making
additions to our mlll
tnry flying fleet and
ten moru aeroplanes
have boon ordered. .
"I hopo oventunlly
to seo tho provisions
of tho bill for aerial
equipment for tho
army carried out In
full. This calls for
120 aeroplanes, In
chargo of 285 avia
tors and 720 enlisted
men. TIiobq will bo
divided into sections,
and squadrons. Two
sections will com;
poso n platoon, two
platoons a company,
two ooinpanlos a
fenr.. " BY
fMBzr a a
1AIV1 IV If A lirLJiiJIft
Mr. VVIIllnm A nnrtford wilt nnswor
questions and Rive advice FItEB OP
COST on all subjects pertaining to the
subject of building, for tho readers of this
paper. On account of his uldo experience
as Editor, Author and Manufacturer, he
Is, without dsufct. tho hiche;t n'ilhorlty
on all these subjects. Address all Inquiries
to William A. Radford, No. 178 West
Jackson boulevard, Chicago, III., and only
nclosa two-cent stamp (or reply.
A Topoka Judge has sentenced n
defaulting telegraph operator to pris
on for 213 yean. Tho critics aro
finding fault with him because be
showed undue clemency In not giving
the offender a llfo eentenco.
Now a New York physician aayB that
tobacco is both tasteless and scentless
and the pleasuro of smoking Is an op
tical and physical Illusion, adding that
there it no good and bad tobacco.
This addition effectually destroys tils
pretensions to bo a Judgo.
Joseph Pennell, the artist, found
nothing worth sketching In Iloston.
He might at least havo stayed to
sketch Boston's exprcsrJon when it
heard his opinion, Ilut perhaps that
TTfnUd linve gone beyond any artist's
The Now York astronomer whopro
dicte that boforo long man will bu
able tq fly to the moon, may be right.
There is not a thing tn the world to
prevent the feat except the law of
Tho report comes from Washington
that It Is now poBslblo to fry oggs by
electricity sent wlrelcssly. Isn't this
the solution of tho cold storage prob
lem so far as eggs aro concerned?
Ono lone fly which Insinuated itself
Into a Pullman porter's restaurant cof
fee held up a passenger train, caused
tho porter's arroat and threatened
suits by six disgusted and delayed
passengers. This may be the day of
great achievements, but the little
things in life still count. '
"Quit eating meat," says a food ex
pert, "and the prloe of meal will drop."
Quit eating everything and the price
of coffins will go up.
ZJiarrcmZD iKopta jwir&fhp
squadron. Or, In othor words, a squadron will
consist of eight noroplanes In chargo of slxteon
avlatore, all of whom will bo captains or lieu
tenants of tho regular army.
"Eucli squadron will bo In command of a ma
jor, who will havo two commissioned officers on
his staff in addition to tho aviators assigned to
the machine a. Ho will also havo under him a
forco of 48 aoroplnno mechanicians, all enlisted
men, giving flvo to each machine, and un extra
one for each company.
"To ono field army of regular troops there,
will bo throo aviation squadrons, ono nslgnod
to each of the two divisions nnd ono to tho
hoadquartera of the field commander. Tho squad
ron assigned to headquartora will bo equipped
with aeroplanes of extra motor power for long
diBtanco reconnaissance. Tho Hold nrtlllcry will
have special machines nnd In addition thoro will
bo (14 machines and 162 aviators distributed
among 14 of our coaRt dofotiBo stations.
"Thon tho Philippines should have two squad
ronB, or sixtoon machines, and Pnnnraa and Ha
waii should each havo ono squadron. This sky
army will bo headed by two colonelfi under tho
command of tho chief of tho plgnnl corpa, two
lioutennnt-colonols and cloven majors.
"Tho aviation equipment Hhnuld not Btopv.lth
tho regular army, but tho mllltla muBt also bo
provided with nia0ilrnH distributed a mom; Us
mobile troops at tho rato of one Bqtmdrou for
ench division of mon. The mllltla hlidmon must
rocolvo their diplomas from tho regulnr nrmy
nvlntlnn echools, to bo established throughout
"Five of these schools, called aviation cen
ters, for our four coasts and tho center of tho
continent tho Atlantic, tho Pncitlc, tho Oulf,
tho Lakt'B nud ono central Inland point. Knch
stato will undoubtedly have n school of instruc
tion. All of thouo schools will he somen hnt sim
ilar to tho ono nt College Park, Md,
"Germany, nt tho moment," continued General
Allen, "haa a flout of about 300 aeroplanes, and
still morn under construction. Sho has n chain
of twonty stations, which aro bo plnccd ns to
guard hor cntlro frontier nnd ulso tho area which
flanks tho Ben.
"Sho hnH twenty-live flrst-clasB sheds with the
roost modern equipment dotting tho landscape
nt various strateglo poIutB. To man her hugo
Zeppelins, Parsovnls nnd Orossos sho ban a spe
cial battalion of over a thousand ofllcors nnd
men trained In all of, the exigencies of aerial
navigation and ready to tako to flight upon In
"France claims, I believe, that she has COO
military air maohlnes of all klndB, whllo Russia
Is next Great Britain falls In line with n pres
ent force of Bovonty-ono machines and plans and
provisions for a mllltnry aviation equipment to
tho extent of 131 high-class aeroplanes,
)ar iAorxtoo w
Postmaster General Hitchcock es
timates that swindlers get 1120,000,000
a year from tho people of this country.
Yet there are so many automobiles
that people who walk are considered
A woman In New Jersey obtained a
divorce because hor husband was fond
er of dress than of her and spent all
his money In extravagant clothes. Are
men going to retaliate by usurping tho
privileges of the weaker sex?
"Italy has a good fleet of seventeen to which
oho Ib making constant additions and is tho first
nation to mnl.e use of aerial bombs and a flying
artilleryman. Lieutenant Gottl established his
right to a niche in the hall of famo by hia daring
flight over tho enemy at Tripoli when he dropped
four of theso aerial grenades among tho enemy
nt varlouB points with deadly results.
"Turkey, beholding tho devastation Italy has
wrought from tho clouds, has mado rapid strides
In tho purchaBo of an norlal fleet of her own and
1b likely to retaliate in like manner.
"Austrln 1b also waking up to tho advantages
of theso adjuncts to military tactlca, and has
entered tho field of aeronautics."
When Gonoral Allen was asked what would
be the work of the flying machines In the event
of war ho said:
"By skillful muneuvuru properly equipped and
skillfully handled military aeroplanoB may wlpo
out or put In retreat a wholo army boforo aun
iIhh, report to tholr baso of supplies and disor
ganize a hostile fleet boforo breakfast.
"Genorally speaking, thoy would perhaps be
most effectlvo aa Bcoute, working from different
points upon the Atlantic coaBt, the Gulf coast
and tho Pncitlc ns conBt patrols for obBorvatlon
and supplying Information regarding the ap
proach or ships. Acting aggressively thoy could
by assembling In small groups do an Immense
amount of damugo.
"In the event of the existence of war and the
nppronch of hostile ships or transports with
troops these scout aeroplanes could provent tho
landing of nny troops If ench station In the
const patrol had. wo will any. flvo shlpa. ench
of which can carry 100 pounds In addition to
tho weight of tho aviator nnd hln supply of fuel,
n ton of explosives could bo distributed by theso
pntrols while they wcro going forty mllon nn
hour, nnd thoy could roturn nnd prepare for an
other trip If necessary.
"This amount of explosive could bo dropped
In v eights of from 20 to 200 pounds without In
Jury or disturbance to the noroplano nnd from
Hafo heights of from 2,000 to .1,000 feet It should
not requlro mnny such hints to convince the
commander of nny flet or Invndlng nrmy, no
mntter how determined hn might be, thnt tho
locality wnB rnther unhealthy
"The best time for such wprk ns this to bo
dono would bo In tho semldnrknesB of tho eaily
morning or late uvening, Just at dusk or dawn,
whon It is noxt to Impossible to see an neroplnno
pnrtlcularly if It stays up a couplo of thousand
foot. To tho aviator and his companion who
would nttond to the distribution of missiles tho
outlines of tho boata, tho camps and even Indi
viduals stnnd out with n clcnmess that Is not
appreciated by anyone who has not flown In n
balloon. With tho ability of tho neroplano to
pursue nn erratic course by constantly changing
Its position, the high Hpecd tho smnll ones can
maintain and the heights to which they ascend
glvo thorn a tremendous advantage.
"Tho army neroplano which the United States
expects to depend upon In case of hostile dem
onstrations will carry 2, BOO rounds of ammuni
tion, which it may discharge at the rate of 500
a minute. It can travel 104 miles an hour,
carry enough fuel to go 460 miles, stay up 11
hours and climb to an altitude of 12,828 feet.
That Is what has been done, and what aero
planes have done they enn do again.
"Then tho army, like the navy, expects to
make good use of the hydro-aeroplane, which
may nllght upon, skim through nnd fly from the
wnter as rendlly as It does from land, and from
plowed land aB well ns from level ground. Its,
use would be mostly for observation of the en
emy nt long distances.
"Whnt models are we now using?"
"Well, we have only Wright, Curtiss and Bur
gess Wright machines at present, but when the
raonoy la forthcoming It Is likely that wo will
purchase somo of the best of the foreign ma
chines. Should the necessity arise the United
States would certainly acquire the best products
of modern Invention to the complement of her
"Our present trouble Is wo already have more
machines than we hnvo offlcers competent to
handle them. We must havo more men who
nre qualified to fill the requirements exacted for
"Successful aviation Is a scientific problem
which, like every other wonderful achievement,
is only a success after each detail la perfectly
worked out. The first great esentlal In the
practical use of aviation in military tactics lies
In the necessity for safety In flying.
"What would be the uso of the government
spending money to train officers and soldiers
to the fine point necesary for successful airmen
only to have them meet mishap and death, to
eay nothing of the Iorbps through tho destruc
tion of valuable machines representing the out
lay of thousands of ilullais. Flying may bo, will
bo, aa safe as any othor mode of travel.
"This Is ono of tho problems which our gov
ernment experts aro working upon now. They
havo alrendy settled upon automatic nrrange
monta which should materially lessen the num
ber of mishaps and fatalities. It is tho unex
pected which hnppenB, taking a man off his
guard for an instant, which experience and study
General Allen believes that the requirements
for an army aviator Include physical perfection.
Only commissioned officers of the nrmy and mi
litia need apply and before thoy enn bo ndmlt
ted to nny of the aviation schools they must
pass a rigorous physical exnminntlon.
To foreenst what the war of the future may
mean It Is only necosBnry to look over the field
of modern Invention in the production of death
Battles will be fought In the clouds with ma
chine rifles which throw out streams of bullets,
aerial torpedoes which may bo released by
levers strapped to the feet of the aviator, bombs
of powerful explosive which can tear men and
horses to bits and tho German nero guns which
send down brittle bombs containing 150 pounds
of chemicals that upon exploding fill the atmos
phere with poisonous gases calculated to kill
every living thing within COO yards.
To overcomo the disadvantages of the dark
ness there In nn electrlcnlly controlled Bearch
light which may be suspended hundreds of feet
b?low tho nlrshlp and thua Ulumlnato for a brief
time the area of attack. Thus the flying artil
leryman may see Just whero he wants hlB flro
to strike, while bo romnlns safo In hlB Iron or
steel sheathed ship high above tho danger of
being Heen or hit. Then there Is a bomb which
leaven a trail of smoke by day and a lino of
flro nt night to mark Its course.
For disabling noros from tho ground there Is
tho American automobile gun, said to bo ablo
to discharge 2,000,000 bullets nn hour, requiring
but two men to handlo It and performing tho
work of thirty reglmeutB, besides many others
for vertical firing. The Japanese have a pol
Bonoim gnn AIM bomb which will oxplodo nnd
fill the nlr with fumes guaranteed to overcome
ny airmen within 100 yards of its explosion.
According to some strategists the next war
will bo thrnshed out lnrgely by airships und most
probnbly In Boml-dnrkness. In tho lato twilight
of evenings nnd in the gray dawn the airships
will come forth fiom tholr sheds nnd hangnre to
pursue their stenlthy flights of obsorvntlon nnd
With tho twinkling lights of the campflres
of tho enemy, tho solitary elgnalB of approach
ing ships or the vague black shapes of the scat
tered houses In some sleeping vlllngo all opon
to their obsorvntlon they can swiftly and sllontly
steal nlong overhead nnd flro their missiles of
destruction upon the unsuspecting enemy and
hoar nwny out of rench before thore Is any pos
sibility of their being seen or damaged.
With the nccurncy which 'constant target
prnctlco gives even a smnll fleet of these Instru
ments of wnr enn nccompllsh grent destruction
with their dropping shells and bombB. When
theso winged foes meet In contest It will bo to
the fleet thnt Is tho swiftest and more daring
thnt the victory will belong.
This is a ten room house. Some
times when there are a number of chil
dren In a growing family a hcuso of
ten rooms becomes a necessity.
Ideas in regard to the size of houses
have changed very much In the last
ten years. People ore not now build
ing larger than they need, not so much
because the expense of building has
somewhat Increased, but the principal
roason Is that help cannot be secured
to do the necessary housework. A
great many women havo killed them
selves trying to keop a large house
looking nice enough to satisfy their
women friends, but women are learn
ing wisdom and are becoming content
with smaller houses, houses that pro
vide Just room enough for their fam
ilies and one or two occasional guests.
Sometimes families need a house with
four or five bedrooms, then a plan
like this seems to fit In Just right
Looking at the perspective it will
be noticed that this house tones up
with the best of them. It Is the kind
of building that satisfies a person's
pride and every one should have
pride enough to appreciate a good
home and feel satisfied with It.
The mere fact of having a large
houso won't satisfy anybody. There
must bo more to a home than the'
building, but a family of from six to
ten persons should be able to estab
lish a very satisfactory home in a
house like this.
The building Is thirty feet In width
by thlrty-Boven feet six Inches in
length and the porch Is extra, a size
sufficient to lay out nicely Into largo
pleasant rooms, with convenient hall
ways, stairways, etc. It Is Impossible
to get nine or ten good and sufficient
rooms In a house much smaller. If
you try It you will surely spoil some
thing. For a great many years architects
have been trying to arrange a satls-
Thu bide porch opening from tho
kitchen la nnother pleasant feature. A
good deal of kitchen work may be
done on n porch of this kind in tho
summer time, especially If It U Blind
ed with a good climbing vino such
ns the Virginia creeper some of tho
night shades, or a Dutchman's pipe
vine. Tho pantry Is big enough for a
store-room, nnother fenture thnt will
be appreciated by a womnn who is
obliged to keep house for a large fam
ily. A feature of this house that looks
well outsld" and Is appreciated Inside
Is tho mnnti r of building the oxten.
I SSBMsJ ( I --J
Second Floor Plan.
Blon window Beats. They add to the
size of the room to the extont of tho
seat, but thoy add more to the appear
ance of the room because theso win
dows may bo dressed up very nicely.
The Beats are usually fitted with cush
ions having attractive covers of bright
A little Ingenuity will make such a
seat very comfortable und the light la
so good that they arc preferred for
reading and the children like such
places for studying. It requires a lit
tle care to arrange them to look well
and at the same tlmo havo them serv
iceable so tbat you do not feel nervous
when the children appropriate them to
their own purposes, especially tho
E& ?.:" jt?' 7v-r;:f:; "' ','' - ' h ' .
factory front stair that will look right
and that will not spoil the front of the
downstairs nor knock out the hall bed
room upstairs. This bow window ex
tension on the side solves the problem
by providing a landing for the turn
of the stair outside of the wall line.
Such a stairway leaves room for a sat
isfactory approach in tho hall below,
-r ,rmr VII I
! - J
. s. V
Tr --Li .
window seat In the dining room. It
Is not necessary that children should!
use the front room for their play.
They can enjoy themselves better la
some of the othor rooms and an nor
the mother much less.
Effect of Phomotlon.
Gen. Dabnoy H. Maury of the Con-,
federate army used to tell' a story
about his faithful negro boy, Jim, the
soft of his old mammy, whom he took
with him to the war. The general was
not a large man, oxcept In the traits
which mako great men and great sol
diers. After tho Battle of Corinth, where
ho was promoted to the rank of ma
jor eeneral on tho battlefield, ho came
Into his tent and called his servant
"Jim," ho said, "when you make up
my cot, tuck those blankets well In at
tho foot. My feet stick out all night."
Looking up at him with an amused
look, Jim said, "Maree Dabiie, ou
Kaln't growed none. Is you, since you
got promoted ylsterday?" Llppio
CORCORAN'S TURKEY HUNT
Brewer Corcoran, the author, telU
the following etory: "Just nfter I
finished 'The Bantam' I received nn
Invitation from an old school friend,
tn whom I had grounds to place con
fidence, asking me to come down to
his placo In the Virginia Piedmont nnd
rid tho plantation of a pest of wild
turkeys. He was very cordial. I hnvo
soon men set thnt wny whon they were
the bored owners of a four-card flush.
Ho was 'too buBy' to go shooting when
I arrived, but detailed a bodyguard
and some 'turkey dogs' lo accompany
me to the elinmbler.
The woods wor ns dy ns English
humor. The 'turkey dogs' ran rabbits
and treed squirrels until they wouldn't
blush whon spoken to. Wo climbed
ono mountnln five times nnd nnothor
three. At lnst a man In a butternut
shirt and ono shoe said that 'the tur
keys dldd't tcem to be usln' round
yere none this evcnln" It seemed
plauilblo. I didn't unlood my gun go
ing back to the plantation. 'Lord, old
man! tho friend of mnny years ex
claimed as ho wot me on tho porch,
'I'm sorry you dldu't stay with mo.
IJok what I got, out on the edgo of
"'Un't It rnther smnll?' I naked, try.
Ing to be pleasnnt whllo looking nt n
hugo bronze turkey sprawled over n
"Hlght you are,' he laughed. 'It
only weighs twenty. They're general
ly larger here.'
"1 found the Bldeboord unaided, but
It took considerable to drown my hu
miliation and chagrin." New York
"How did you como to vote for that
man?" naked the Irate mnnager.
"Out of sympathy," replied tho dele
gate "Everybody haa been abusing
him nud slnpplng him around till I
thought be needed a kind word."
First Floor Plan.
and it lands In good position on the
upper floor, leaving a splendid front
room ten by fifteen and a half feet
over tho lower hall, that may bo used
as a sewing room or bedroom.
A sewing room is ono of tho neces
sities whero there are children grow
ing up. It is very unsatisfactory to
have aewing going on In one of the liv
ing rooms. It seems to Interfere with
the proper working of the whole house,
but having a room like this, large and
airy, the work may be carried on to
advantage by having the proper ma
terials, tables, sewing macnine ano
other tools all together in tho work-
shop. A woman can sit in a Day win
dow llko this and sow and drop the
work at a moment's notloe to be tak
en up at somo other time without the
necessity of putting every little pleoe
away. The door may be shut and lock
ed If necessary, so she knows nolhlng
will be disturbed.
A house as largo ss this should
have both front and back stairs. The
back Btalr arrangement In this house
Is especially good, as It loads directly
from the cellar to the attlo with an
easy entrance from the kitchen and a
grade entrance fiom the side of tho
house. It makes tho third entrance,
but thoy aro all needed In such a
Iioubo. you may bo suro each ono will
bo usod frequently
Wise to Listen.
In passing, It Is tho wise folk who
listen to friendly criticism, without a
trace of Indignation, just as did the
little fellow who heard himself called
all sorts of unwelcome names and
went on as If nothing had happened at
all. For It Is friendly criticism, in the
home and among true friends, that
makes us "see ourselves aa others see
Dolls Stuffed With Fortunes.
The Bank of Franco destroys old
notes by placing them In a vat and
subjecting them to tho action of cer
tain corrosive acids. In a few mo
ments the banknotes are reduced to
pulp. TblB pulp is sold to toy makers,
who ubo It for stuffing their Iobb ex
pensive dolls, so that the plaything of
a child may be stuffed with what was
once a fortune.
Has Effected Saving of Water.
Water waste detection has been
mado a science by tho present city
engineer of London. By Its application
ho has roduced tho dally consumption)
ten gallons a head of population. This
saving is simply enormous. In East
London alone It Is enough water to
meet the wants of a city of 400,00(1
Effect of Silence.
Mrs. Jones My dear, dead husband
never complained of my cooking.
Mr. Jones (her socond venture)
Perhaps that's why he's your dear,