DAieTA COUNTY HERALD.
Motto: All The News When 1 1 Is News.
DAKOTA CITY, NEBRASKA, FRIDAY, OCTOBER 5, 1012.
IHE GUARANTY LM
OVER HALF A MILLION DOLLARS
BEGORDS OPEN TO SCRUTINY
Money 8ot Aside According to Law
and la to be Found In the
la Nebraska there are no dark
room methods connected with the ad
ministration of tho guaranty of Lank
deposit law, such as had a tendency
to discredit tho administration of a
similar law in Oklahoma, says tho
Tho reco-ds of Secretary Royse of
tho state banking board aro opou to
tho world, and there is no dlsputo or
doubt as to the amount of money in
tho guaranty fund, or what It is being
used for, such as aroso In Oklahoma.
Neither are thero any bank failures
la Nebraska, such as thero liave
been in Oklahoma. Neither were
thoro any hank failures, practically
speaking, in Nebraska for a period of
about eight year before the guar
anty law was pas&od.
Tho rccordB of the stato banking
board show that on the first of July
there waa $552,075.34 in tho guar
anty fund. There Is no dispute as to
where this money Is to bo found. It
is In possession of tho stato banks,
which set it asido according to law,
and it will remain in the care of
these banks until such time as It
may bo called for to pay tho losses
of stato banks that may fail to
meet their obligations. ,
Recently tn euieigeucy assess
ment of about $150,000 was levied in
Oklahoma to take up certificates of
deposit lost in a failed bank, a debt
which other banks had assumed be
cause when the failure took place
thero wore no funds in tho guaranty
fund. About tho same time tho emer
gency assessment was made in Okla
homa another bank in that stato
Tho guaranty fund mjfessesBlon of
Nebraska state banks is security for
$82,000,000 of deposits. Tho fund was
raised by tho semi-annual assess
ments .against stato banks provided (
for by law. There have been three
semi-annual assessments of ona
fourth of 1 per cent of deposits since
tho law went into effect in 1911. The
first assessment of July 1, 1911,
produced $1G5,3S3.3G. The second as
sessment of January 1, 1912, raised
$182,175. GO, and the third assessment
of July 1. 1912, added $192,590.92. To
this was added the assessment of
several now stato banks Just organ
ized and from it was deducted some
money refunded, leaving a total of
$502,075.34 on .July 1, 1912.
Secretary Royse of the state bank.
Ing board says thero will bo ono
moro assessment of one-fourth of 1
per cent against banks. After that
eeml-annual assessments at tho rato
of one-twentieth of 1 'per cent of da
posits will be made until tho guar
anty fund for the protoctlon of de
positors reaches 1 por cent of the
total deposits. After that there will
bo no I more assessments unless tho
fund is depleted below 1 per cent of
the deposits. However, an emergency
assessment of 1 per cent each year
can bo Ioviod on .doposlts if tho guar
anty fund is dpploted below 1 per
cent of the deposits. The total de
posits now in Btato banks being
$82,000,000 the guaranty fund at no
one time can exceed $1,230,000, or
1 per cent of the total deposits.
year and the farmers there again have
shown that they aro "gome pump
kins." Asks About Sandhills.
To show that tho publicity given
the vacant lands of Nebraska by La
bor Commissioner Guye ha3 reached
"beyond the confines of tho state, a
letter was received by him asking for
Information regnrdlng tho lands and
lso for a book describing the sand
hills of Nebraska. Tho letter waa
from Buenos Ayrea, South America.
Few Fires In Picture Houses.
Stato Fire Wardon Randall has re
ceived reports of only three fires in
moving picturo houses thus far this
year. Last year four fires of this
kind wore reported from Nebraska
towns. Considering that thero are at
least 1,200 moving picturo houses in
operation in tho stato, and tho in
flammability of tho films used, Mr.
Randall believes threo fires Is a very
small number. He has insisted on
tho uso of flreprooflng of tho oper.
ntora' stand and also on the uso of
an automatic device which closes tho
door of the operators' booth in case
of a fire. This is dono by tho sim
plo uso of cords which hold a door
to tho booth.
Valuable Newspaper File.
Secrctarj C. S. Palno of tho stato
historical society received from C. W.
Smalls tho files of tho Fremont Dally
Herald from tho year 1872 dow'n to
the time when tho papor was rocolvod
regularly by tho society. Tho Herald
was the first dally published at Fre
mont and the uaie of tho first edition
was January 24, 1S72. Prior to that
time it had been Issued as a weekly
and the number oi' tho flrBt dally was
No. 20. Tho papers will bo bound and
catalogued for preservation with oth
er recort'i la the office
WARNING ON JUACK5.
Farmers Advised to Avoid Their
State Veterinarian Bostrom has
returned from PhelpB county, where
ho was crwlcd to Investigate what -was
thought to be tho ravage of spinal
meningitis in cattlo of that section.
The disease, however, was diagnosed
as blackleg and with tho remedies
suggested to farmers tho stato voter
lnarlan believes tho malady will soon
bo stamped out.
Upon his return Dr. Bostrom mado
recommendation to tho governor that
overy effort be made to Btop the
fraudulent means being taken by varl
iub quacks to sell remedies for the
alleged cure of the horse disease
which has caused severe losses over
the state In the past month. Accord
ing to the veterinarian, a hugo sum
of money has been spent in this way
without any beneficial results being
obtained. The state veterinarian de
sires tho govornor, through tho vari
ous state departments, to do all he
ce.1i to stop the misuse of money in
tliU way. A public statement on the
matter will likely bo forthcoming
within a short time.
Val Johnson of Enid, Okla., a veter
inarian who came to the state to In
vrstlgate tho horse disease, declared
that the mold on foxtail growths since
the iato summer rains is responsible
for the spread of the malady. Ho de
clares that it is a form of fungus
Field Chlof DaviBon of New York
City and his four federal experts will
leave the state within a few days.
They have made a wide Investigation
and are said to have collected many
facts with relation to tho baffling
disease. They arc, however, not
ready to suggest any remedy. Their
only concern at the present time is to
urge that preventive ' moans bb
adopted to guard against tho spread
of tho disease. They will review
their investigation in research work
at federal experiment stations after
they leavo this state.
Land Commissioner Cowles started
the system of having tho state board
of purchaso and supplies submit
goods to chemical analysts. Ho has
had State Chemist Redfern analyzo
coffeo and soap and tests have been
mado of coal before being purchased
by the state. Mr. Cowles Is now
having tho chemist analyze lubricat
ing oils for use in the power plants
.at the different state institutions.
'Four or flvo markings aro made on
each sample, tho principal ones being
for viscosclty and tho temperature
at which tho oil burns and flashes.
Valuation of Right of Way.
Principal Assistant Engineer C. H.
Gerber and RIght-of-Way Expert E.
W. Reed of tho physical valuation de
partment of the state railway com
mission have returned from Adams
county, where they spent a week in
investigation of land values on the
Union Pacific cut-off from Gibbon to
Kearney. A satisfactory idea of val
ues was obtained on the trip, accord
ing to Mr. Reed and it is expected
that much of tho data collected will
bo used in tho physical valuation
hearings which aro to be held later
before the commission. Tho question
of right-of-way valuation has been the
chief dividing point in tho hearings
already held and differences between
the state's and railroads figures havo
in many instances been marked.
Actual valuations of surrounding
property were In many cases agreed
upon by tho two sots of engineers, but
opinions differed when It came to the
matter of using a multiple" for com
puting the right-of-way valuation.
Memorial for Calkins.
The supreme court appointed a
committco to draft resolutions on the
death of Judge E. C. Calkins of
Kearney, who was o. former commis
sioner of the court.
Oil Inspection Report.
State Oil Inspector Husenetter has
issued his report for September,
which shows, a healthy amount of
business done. The amount on hand
on August 1 was $1,200; received dur
ing tho month, $G,95G.72, making a to
tal amount on hand of $8,15G,72. Tho
disbursements were $1,449.70, leaving
a nice balance of $G,70G.9G.
Insurance Company Outlook.
Attorney Goneral Martin says It is
up to tho auditor to say whether tho
Equltablo Endowment company of
Omaha shall be placed In the hands
of a recolver. The auditor, If ho dis
covers that such a thing Is necessary,
has tho power to have a receiver ap
pointed. Adjutant Llllle Resigns.
Tho resignation of Captain Je.ro mo
A. Lilllo as adjutant of the First reg
iment of the National Guard has been
accopted. Also tho resignation of
Lieutwiant John W. Burnett of M
company of tho Second regiment at
.Order by Railway Commission.
Tho stato railway commission has
ordored tho Burlington and North
westorn railroads to connect tholr
linos ut O'Neill by building a transfer
switch. Tho order was wrltton by
Commissioner II. T. Clarke. Tho ac
tion follows twenty years of olfort to
secure this concession, tho first stop
being taken In tho early nlnotles,
when a bill looking to tho accomplish
ment of that task was introduced in
tho state legislature, It passed tho
bill, but tho switch was not built do
spite an erder to that eitect
TY COBB AND W00DR0W WILSON MEET
x r,,r - r j ij. I I rftn
Iq3 1 , yXfgglC-. grr
HERB are "Ty" Cobb of the Detroit American League team, and Wood
row Wilson, photographed In a hotel at petrolt Governor' Wilson ex
pressed the desire to shako hands with tho great ball player, and when
they met, tho governor said: "I haven't been you since wo were togothor tn
Georgia, except that I have seen you play ball many times slnco then."
"Well, Governor, the next time I see you I hopo It will be In the White
House," replied Cobb, after which tho nomlnoo Invited tho ball player to
have- lunch with him. The latter bashfully declined. The govornor llvod
and practiced law In tho same section of Georgia in which Cobb lived.
U. S. TO LAND FORGE?
CRUI8ER DES MOINES ARRIVES
AT VERA CRUZ, MEX., TO
FEDERALS GAINING CONTROL
Senate Subcommittee Which Has
Been Probing Affairs In Republic
Has Practically Concluded Its La
bors and Report Is Ready.
Washington, Sept. 30. That the
United States will land marines and
bluejackets at Vera Cruz. Mex., with
in the next fow days unless revolution
ary disturbances in that section cease
was stated by several state depart
ment officials on Friday, who admitted
ihey were worried at the conditions In
eastern and central Mexico.
The Madero government, having
successfully quelled the revolt in tho
northern part of the republic, has ap
parently driven all the Zapatistas and
n few of Orozco's followers into tho
neighborhood of Vera Cruz, and con
ditions there are reported as being
The opportune arrival of the Amor
lean gunboat Des Moines at Vera Cruz
came as a welcome relief to the state
department officiate, who feared for
tho safety of Americans and their
proporty thero. .
Roports from tho extreme southern
and northern soctlons of tho republic
indlcato that tho fodorals are gaining
control of tho situation.
Los Angeles, Cal., Sept 30. The
senate subcommittee which has been
investigating the affairs of Moxlco for
the past two years, tho period taking
In tho Madero and Orozco rebellions,
practically concluded its labors at the
Hotel Alexandria on Friday and will
In tho future submit Its report and
recommendations to the senate com
mittee on foreign relations. Tho re
port will bo a voluminous document
and will set forth these three Impor
That the evidence produced bofore
the Investigators points to tho neces
sity for tho United States to inter
vene In Mexico In order thai Ameri
cans and American interests bo pro
tected. That the evldenco proves conclus
ively that $io American monoy was
used in financing tho Orozco rebel
lion. That tho evidence tends to estab
lish tho claim that American funds
were used to finance the Madero rev-
I qlutlon, and the report will point the
linger ui Bunpiciun m vwu iiukh tui
poratlons. Positive proof of tho lat
ter, however, may not bo forthcom
ing. Fire Sweeps Shipbuilding Plant.
Detroit, Mich., Oct. 1. Fire of un
known oilgln almost wholly destroyed
the Wyandotte plant of tho Detroit
Shipbuilding company Sunday. Offi
cers of tho concern say tho loss may
bo over $200,000.
Rebels Show White Flag.
San Juan del Sur, Nicaragua, Oct. 1
A report received hero Sunday says
Insurgents at Masaya ran up a white
flog. This leaves Leon tho only
stronghold still opposing tho govern
4A-4 & rVK"KX-
TYPHOON KILLS 300
TERRIFIC STORM HOLDS'" SOUTH
ERN JAPAN IN ITS GRASP.
Warships Are Tossed on the Rocks
and Hundreds of Coasting and
Fishing Boats Are 8unk.
Tokyo, Sept. 28. The southern
coast of Japan was swept by a ter
rific typhoon on Monday. Threo hun
dred persons havo perished. This
city has been cut off from tho world
for four days.
Wire communication with points
east of Tokyo has Just boon restored,
and it Is believed that when tho full
extent of tho disaster Is known the
death list will reach COO.
The torpedo boat destroyers Fubukl
and Tachlbana were driven on the
rocks on the northern coaBt of Yokal
chl and two other naval vessels were
blown ashore. Tho entire crow of
ono of tho destroyers was lost. Hun
dreds of naval coasting boats, fishing
smacks and other small craft that
ply between the numerous Islands on
the south coast and the mainland
Thousands of buildings were blown
down or washed away by streams
which were swollen out of their banks
by tho cloudburst which accompa
nied tho typhoon.
At Nagaya, capital of the prefec
ture of Alchl, part of tho city was de
stroyed and 20 persons were killed.
Thousands there ar honitfleH,
Tho Island of Shlkou waB swept by
the storm and tremendous damage
done there. A score of fishing vil
lages wore devastated.
The prefecture of Osako also got
tho full forco of tho storm. Crops
wore totally destroyed throughout the
agricultural district. It 1b estimated
that tho damage will aggrcgato $5,
000,000. The government is taking re-
rllef measures and Is sending supplies
to tho storm sufferers.
Tho steamer Klcko Maru has foun
dered at sea with all her passengers.
TAKE TWO IN BANK THEFT
Man Declared to Be New Westminster
(. C.) Safe Blower Arrested In
St. Louis, Sopt. 30. A yoar's chaBO,
following tho $320,000 bank robbery
In Now Westminster, B. C, ended on
Friday In St Louis In tho arrest of J.
O. Adams, who was declared to bo
wanted as ono of tho robbers. Tho ar
rest of his supposed wife, known to
the pollco as Jeannetto Llttlo, In Ed
wardsvllle, HI,, conftiloted tho task of
tho local pollco and private detectives
who had boen holding Adanm slnco
his arrest early Wednesday morning.
Minister's Wife Killed In Auto.
Sallna, Knn., Oct 1. Mrs. W. K.
Plorco was killed, her husband, pas
tor of a Mothodlst church nt Adu,
Kan., fatally Injured, and their threo
children hurt when an automobile ran
off a brldgi) horo Sunday.
Peacemaker Shot to Death.
Abordeo"h, S. D., Oct 1. Charlos
Gorton, a pnacemake, was killed Sun
day by a bullet Intended for nnothor
man at Urltton, S. I). Olo Knutson,
who fired tho shot, is under arrest for
murder In tho first degree.
POLICE IN BATTLE
BLOOD FLOW8 WHEN OFFICERS
ATTEMPT TO 8TOP PARADE
LEADER CAPTURED; RELEASED
Lawrence (Mass.) Policemen Beaten
and Two Are Seriously Wounded
When 5,000 Textile Men Seek to
March Through Streets.
Lawrence, Mass., Oct 1. Leaders
of a procession of 6,000 textile strik
ers closing tn on a squad of police
men who, with drawn revolvers, had
attempted to forco thom to disband,
stabbod ono officer tn tho back,
crushed In the head of nnbthor with a
blow from a club and seriously In
jured Bovoral moro Sunday.
Hundreds of shots wore fired during
tho street battlo and In tho rioting
that followed. Tho pollco were com
pletely routed and tho strikers con
tinued their parade Tho streets aro
crowdod with strikers and more
trouble Is feared. Tho city, which Is
largoly composed of mill workers, Is
practically In a stato of Insurrection.
Throo thousand of tho workors had
gathered at tho railroad station to wel
come Bovoral hundred visiting sympa
thetic workers from nearby mill towns
who had como to Indorse tho twenty-four-hour
strike which began Sunday.
After tho, arrival of tho train C.000 of
tho workmen and their sympathizers
formed lit lino to march to tho cen
ter of tho city. At their head was
Carlo Presca, a prominent member of
tho Industrial Workers of tho World,
waving a red flag. A squad of police
men was rushod out to meet the
marchers, with ordqrs to disperse
thom. Tho marchors refused to break
step. Tho policemen drew their ror
volvcrs and charged. The crowd fall
back as thoy saw tho woaponB, but
gaining courage as Prosca and his
aides spurred thom on, thoy closed In
on tho officers, many of them wun
.drawn revolvers, and a pitched battlo
pnsued. Policeman Thomas MoCarllo
and Special Offlcor Ludwlg seized
Presca. Firing their revolvers Into
tho air, the officers were about to es
capo with the prisoner botwoon thom
when McCarllo fell to the BldewaiK
with two stab wounds In tho back. A
moment later Ludwlg collapsed from a
blow on tho head from a club. Tho
assailants made their escapo.
Freed, Presca waved his red flag
aloft again and oxhortod his followers
to shoot to kill.
Tho workers began a twenty-four-hour
atrlko Sunday as a protest
against the Imprisonment of Joseph
Ettor, Arturo Glovnnnlttl and Joseph
Caruso, who aro to bo trlod separately
for tho murder of Anna Loplzzo.
FOUR ARE FOUND MURDERED
Farmer, His Wife and Daughter and
Young School Teacher Are
Qulncy. 111.. Oct. 1. Mystory sur
rounds tho death of C. A. Pfanschm(dt.
age forty-seven, hlB wife, ago forty-flvo
anddaughtor Blanch, ago fifteen and
Miss Emma Kaempon, ago twenty
four, whose charred bodies were found
Sunday after the PfaiiBchmldt homo
The resldenco Is located on a farm
two miles southeast of Payson, an In
land town IB miles Boutheast of
Qulncy. All Indications point to mur
der and the burning of the farmhouBo
to cover up tho crime
The house was nearly dootroyed
when farmers arrived on the sceno.
ThoremalnB of Pfanschmldt and wife
were found In tho cellar directly bo-
low tho room In which thoy wcro
sleeping and only tho akull and a fow
bones remained among tho ruins of
MIbs Kaompon. Nothing was found of
the daughter, Blanche
SOLDIERS PLUNGE TO DEATH
Members of United States 8ervlce
Killed by Acroplano Accident
Near Washington City.
Washington. Oct. 1. Two more men
died here Sunday In the effort of tho
United States army to conquer tho
air. They wero Second Lieut L. C.
Rockwell and Corporal F. 8. Scott of
tho signal corps.
The men were making a flight at tho
College Park (Md.) aviation field when
their aeroplano collapsed while thoy
wero only thlrty-flvo feet from tho
Corporal Scott waB dead whon the
first of tho spectators reached the
wreckage. Lieutenant Rockwell dlod
Boon ajter ho waB rushed to a hos
pital. Major Carson Is Dead.
Philadelphia, Oct. 1. MaJ John
Miller Carson, former chief of the
bureau of manufactures of tho depart,
mont of commerce and labor, nnd one
of tho best known Ponnpylvanlans In
public Ufo, died nt his homo Sunday.
Six Hurt In Collision.
Barstow, Cnl., Oct. 1. Two passen
gers wero futally Injured nnd four hurt
whon a Santa To freight train crnshod
Into a sleeping car of tho San Pedro,
Los Angolos fc Salt Lake Limited ut
Barstow Junction Sunday.
Lord Roberts Is Eighty.
London, Oct. 1 Field Marshal Lord
Roberts, or "Bobs," horo of Kandnlmrn
and Idol of tho BrltlBh nrmy, was
eighty years old Sunday, and tho en
tire empire Is stnndlng nt saluto. Tho
press Is filled with pratso.
HEDGES N. Y. NOMINEE
CHOSEN AT 8ARATOQA BY RE
PUBLICANS FOR GOVERNOR.
Sis Candidates Are Formally Kofor
the Convention and Speaker
Wadiworth Runs 8econd.
Saratoga, N. Y., Sept 28. The Re
publican stato convention on the
third ballot nomlnatod Job E. Hodgos
of New York city as candldato for
governor of this state.
Hedges ted from tho first, and when
the third ballot showed him steadily
gaining strength tho delegates flocked
to him so fast that the tally clork
could not keep tho record. Before tho
vote could bo announced tho motion
to mako the nomination unanimous
was put and carried with enthusiasm.
Other nominations follow:
For lieutenant govornor Jamos W.
Wadsworth, Jr., of Gonesco.
For secretary of stato Francis M,
Hugo of Watortown.
For controller William D. Cun
ningham of Ellonvllle.
For state treasurer William Arch
er of Westchester.
Attorney general Moler Stolnbrlnk
Stato engineer Frank W. Williams
Justice court of appeals Frank H.
Hlscock of Onondaga.
James W. Wadsworth, Jr., tho young
former speaker of tho assembly, gave
Hodges tho hardest fight for the nom
ination for govornor and former Rep
resentative William S. Bennot waa
William H. Daniels of Buffalo, P. W.
Culllnan of Oswego and Edgar T.
Brackott of Saratoga received scat
ARBUCKLE HAD HUGE WEALTH
Trust Foe Had Made $20,000,000
Is Divided by Two
Now York, Sept. 28. John An
bucklo, who died last March, loft an
cBtate of $29,613,344.GG, according ta
tho report mado public on Thursday
by Trnnetor Tax Appraiser Monahan
of KlngB county. Tho hlghost estimate
that had boon put upon tho old-fashioned
merchant's estato was $20,000,
000. He had never organized the
.groat concorn of Arbucklo .BroB. Into
a corporation. It was merely a co
partnership. Ab his share roproBontod
only one-third of tho firm's assets It ti
shown, that tho company today holds
nearly $100,000,000 of proporty.
His two sisters, Christina Arbuckle
of Brooklyn nnd Mrs. Cathorlno A.
Jamison of Pittsburg, aro his only
surviving heirs. Each will Inherit
$14,800,672.33, which, added to their
prlvato fortunes, puts thom in the
class of Amorlca's wealthiest wom
en. The Arbucklo estato la tho largest
ovor administered without a will in
Kings county. Tho Inheritance tar,
which will go Into tho state treasury,
Ib $1,158,433.78. Tho cost of appraisal
CALLS ANOTHER MILL STRIKE
Protest Against Trials of Labor Men
on Murder Charge Affects Law
Lawrence, Mass., Sept. 30. ProteBt
ing against the Imprisonment of Jo
soph Ettor, Arturo Glovannlttl and An
tonio Caruso, 12,000 textile operatives
struck hero, tying up the Ayer, Wash
ington, ProBpoct and Wood mills of
jthn American Woolen company and
the Arlington rotton mllU. Other mill
workors are expected to Join the
strike and an effort will be made to
icIobo overy mill In Lawrence Thirty
two thousand hands are employed In
the various plants.
Caruso Is a workman, and Is
churged with the iflurder of Annie
Loplzzo, a striker. Ettor and Glovan
nlttl, organizers of tho Industrial
Workors of tho World, aro held as
accessories before tho fact to tho kill
ing of the Loplzzo woman.
OFF THE WIRE
JanoBvlllo, Wis., Sept 28. E. U
Dwyor, who has made and lost sev
eral fortunes an a stock speculator,
was found dead In tho railroad yards
horo. It 1b believed ho waa mur
dored, as a bullet bolo was discov
ered In his head.
Tamaqua, Pa., Sopt. 30. Tho strike
of 9,000 minors In tho P.anthor Creek
valley, who have been Idle for four
weeks at a loss of wages of $150,000 be
,causo of tho refusal of two mon to
wqar unton buttons, was Bottled.
Nowark, Ohio, Sopt 28. Ellzaboth
Tyroll, fifteen months old, was
drowned In a lard can halt full of wa
ter Into which Bho fell head flrBt at
her homo In East Newark.
Chicago, Sept 27. MaJ. Gen. Leon
ard Wood, chief of tho United States
nrmy, camo to C'hlcngo to Inspoct Fort
Sheridan and tho army hcuduuartors
hero, this being tho first Important
stop in a country-wldo inspection trip.
Cruiser Is at Foochow,
Washington. Sopt. 30. Without In
structions from Washington, but at
tho request of Amorlcnn Consul Fow
ler at Foochow, tho crulBor Clnclnnntl
has arrived at thut port to look after
tho lutorusts of tho Americans.
New Atlantic Ship Service.
Bordeaux, Sopt 30. A now South
Atlantic steamship sorvlco between
Bordeaux and La Plutu, Argentina, by
way of Brazil aud Uruguuy, has boon
innuguratod hero. The trip Is to oc
cupy 15 dura, Instead of 22,
DEPICTS WOMAN AS HEROINE
Newspaper of 1855 Gives Story of Mr,
Martin, Who Was on Saratoga
In vlow of the fact that some re-i
cent research that has been given;
magazlno and nowspaper publicity has
tended to show that all tho fighters of
the American revolutionary war were;
not as patriotic or as brave ob history)
has sot thom down, a clipping In the!
possession of C. L. Miller, a Princeton
oltlzon, 1b of Interest Just now in that
It not only shows conclusively that
thero wero "Bomo" brave and Intrepid
men in the American ranks, but It
brings out what is rare In history.
tho reoltal of woman's valor on the
field of battlo In that momentous pe-
rlod. It also deals MaJ. Gen. Horatio
Gates, American offlcor, a hot shot on
tho "bravory" displayed by him at the
battlo of Saratoga.
Tho clipping Is from an original
copy of tho Troy (N. Y.) Whig of No
vember, 18S5, and is Bolt-explanatory,
Blnco Ub words come from tho lips of
ono who saw and participated in the
noted conflict at Saratoga. He says:
"Mrs. Margaret Martin, who is atop-f
ping at tho resldonco of her grandBon
in this city, Is 98 years of ago. She
la ono of the tow ramarkablo women
of tho revolution who took part In
tho memorable occurrences of tho
struggle for American Independence.
Her husband. Gilbert Martin, waa a
Burgeon In tho army of tho American
goneral, Gates, and waa engaged In
tho battlo at Saratoga.
"Mrs. Martin, then a very youn
woman, waa on the field during l6thv
struggles constituting this battlo, ana
terminating the defeat of the splen
did army which Burgoyno had trans
ported with such Immense labor and
oxpenBo from Canada, confidently an
ticipating that he would be ablo with!
it to divide tho army of tho patriots)
and secure Sir Henry Clinton In his
possession of tho southern lino of de-1
"Mrs. Martin represents the strug-i
glo as most torrlflo. She says that!
toward evening, when Burgoyne, mad-i
dened by theconsolouBneBS. $hat-Ul
his splendid schemes wore about to bl
defeated, directed his whojo reserve!
and cavalry force upon tho feeblei
army of tho patriots, tho contestants
Btood within halt musket range of each!
other and poured In their deadly voI-
loys, whilo whole files on olthor sldo
fell In their tracks, and Btlll neither)
gave ono Inch.
"Toward evening Dr, Martin wasl
woandod In tho shoulder, and while;
his wife was In the act of affixing rj
bandago sho herself was wounded In;
tho hand. Says she: 'Gilbert sprangj
up like a chaffed Hon. ''Peggy," said;
ho, "I'll go and teach those cowardly
fellows better manners than to Bhootl
a woman." And I saw him no mora
till tho fight was over.'
"Of such material wero tho men and
women of tho revolution. We can read
ily' Imagine that the field of Saratoga'
waB a strange place for those of tho
'softer box.' Mrs. Martin, however,,
has evidently been a woman of un
common energy of character. Her
framo still exhibits evidences of
strength, and her oyea sparkle as she
recounts tho deeds of that glorious
day or speaks of that cowardly Gates,
who stayed safe and sound all day In
his tent, and cared not for the men
who wero falling liko sheaves in the
A Song Book 8aved His Life.
At tho battlo of Peach Orchard,
when McClellan was making his
change ofV Lubh, a Michigan Infantry
man fell Wo the ground as If shot
dead, and "was left lying In a heap as
tho regiment changed position. The
bullet that had hit him first struck
tho barrel of his gun, then glanced
and struck off a button of his coat.
tore the watch out of his Yest pocket
and struck tho man Just over the
heart, where It waB stopped by a Bong
book In his shirt pocket. Ho was un
conscious for thrcoquartors of an
hour, and It was a full month before
tho black and bluo spot disappeared.
At Pittsburg Landing a member of
tho Twelfth Michigan Infantry stopped
to give a wounded man a drink from
his canteon. While In this act a bul
let aimed at his breaBt struck the
cantoen and burlod Itself In the leg of
a horse. Tho canteen was split open
and dropped to tho ground In halves.
The Rabbit Wouldn't Know.
Mlko picked up his gun and started
after a rabbit that waB chased up tn
'"Yer gun ain't loaded, Molkp,"
called his bunklo.
"Och, hould yor whist now; shuro.
tho rabbit won't know."
Brought the Cows Home.
CharlcB Gates, a minor son of a
Pennsylvania farmer, wished to enlist,
but his agod parents objected to it
Ono morning he waa sent to drivo tho
rows to pasturo, and told to bring;
them home nt night, but that night ho
did not como back. Ho had run away
and enlisted Ho remained away for
threo yours without n furlough, and
returned with the regiment unharmed
by rebel bullets. Ho arrived at the
old pnBture ono night Just at "cow
time" and leisurely drove up tha earns
old cows, ,
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