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liAKOi'A CITY llliltALD
JOHN H. REAM, Publisher.
PAKOTA CITY, NEBRASKA.
THE CHILD BEHIND.
Look about as you walk along the
street and bco how many children you
can count chasing after or riding on
the ends of wngons In the streets. The
odds are heavy that you cannot fall to
see such a sight eyery time you take
the trouble to look. Everybody sees
the sight and nobody does anything
.bout it , Would you believe that It is
just ns much against the law for a'
child to catch behind as It Is for a
stranger from out of town to stop hlsj
vehicle within ten feet of a hydrant.,
Let the stranger try it on and ho soon
finds himself in tho clutches of tho
jaw, says tho Hartford Courant But'
(ot a child try It on and thoro ho Is.,
How tho Inevitable result of this utter'
peglect to enforce a law that makes
jor safety is simply to invito peril.
Pretty soon, possibly on another page
fof tho papor in which this article ap-f
bears, there will bo an account of an
(Other automobllo accident. Somo ex
Jcltable observers will likely call It an
automobile outrage. It will be the
jstory of how an automobile ran over
n child that had been playing catch
behind and had Jumped off the vehlclo
it was stealing a ride on. The ono
way to prevent these killings for
which drivers arc not to blame Is to
jlmpress on tho children and their paiV
ents that this business, which tho law
forbids, must stop.
A bflby never laughs, an aged per-
son very rarely, But tho smile, llko
the pleasures of the palate, according
to Brlllat Savarln, belongs to all tho
seven ages of man and with normal,
persons It Is universal. Imagine a nev-'
cr-smlllng human being, and you mustj
nit mi mo that ho is cither a physical on
a psychological eccentricity, or both.
The Greonpolnt youngster who shot
himself in Central park, Manhattan,!
Miid died a few hours later, is said to
have been known among his school-,
matos as "tho boy that novor smlled."i
Ho could work, he could study, ho'
could think. Ho appears not to have
mm vjt 'iav
M.rj I I f y
MELI83A BELIEVE8 IN
been without affection. Yot sulcldo at
tho age of Blxtcen was tho climax of n
sort of abnormality which sclenco nev
er had an opportunity to analyzo or
jclasslfy. The child that never smiles
demands scientific attention. In this'
rather jumbled up universe occasions
lor smiling are everywhere. ' Bleaks
a symmetry are everywhere. An eye
that does not seo, a mind that does not
comprehend such breaks, Is unusual
enough to be made a study of for the
Hliimato benefit of the rest ot the race.
Mrs, Mcrrlwld was sitting at her
desk with the mother-of-pearl end of
a pen between her teeth and her flno
eyes directed to Inflnlto remoteness,
when hor maternal maldenlAunt Jane
broke In on her reflections.
"Aro you going to give Mr. Halm a
check for the Hindoo AntlCasto so
ciety, Melissa?" she Inquired.
Mrs. Merrlwld laid down her pen
and picked up a letter, at which she
smiled in her most luscrutablo Mona
Lisa manner. "I'm going to give him
u chock. Yes, dear." sho replied. Then
she added, "Out not for his Hindoos.
It's more of a checkmato to a proposi
tion for a helpmnte. I was engaged in
declining mi engagement, to bo more
explicit nipping tho Idea of nuptials.
In other words, over slnco Mr. Balm
turned up, I have been deciding to
turn him down, und ho's just called
for a decision. Do you got mo,
"I suppose I understand," said Aunt
Jano, "but I must bay "
"I know it," sighed Mrs, Merrlwld.
"You can't help It. You aro going to
tell me that I ought to consider It a
privilege to help Mr. Halm to relievo
tho suffering and succor tho oppress
ed, and that he's a noble, hlgh-mludod
and benevolent character, It's true,
too, and likewise, It's too truo; but
you see, honey, I'm not a Hindoo nor
am I a Chinese famine victim nor a
Solomon Islander. I rim not a resident
of Kishinev, or whatevr it is, and I
was never nearer a rubber plantation
than the plant In Unclo John's front
widow on CalumuL uveiiuo, conse
quently, I couldn't expect to bo
ameliorated or relieved or rescued,
which I might want to bo; there's no
"It's all vory well to sneer at
worthy objects," said Aunt Jann,
warmly, "but I can't Imaglno anything
finer than Mr. Balm'B devotion to tho
cause of humanity. When I think
how ho gives up his entire time and
&o oCiCIIIIAM &tf
Woodsman's Instinct of No Use inN a Big City
H rl n HI I T - -T " .AMti-M-is' rwr tr i i --g.
estness. "Not that I'd grudge a two
dollar subscription now and then to
tho Bubonic Uaboos of Bombay If I
thought that they needed it worse
than the tenants of Trinity church,"
sho continued: "but these societies of
tho Humpy Ilrowed Benefactors of An
tipodean Aliens glvo mo n sensntlon
of lassitude, and 7ien It comes to
picking a husband, I want a man who
will clean up our own back yard be
fore ho takes his muck rako and
wheelbarrow over Into tho next
block. That, In effect, Is what I'm
writing to Mr. Halm, auntie, denr,"
"Very well, ny love," said Aunt
Jane, resignedly. "Pray excuso me
for Interrupting you. Only tho charity
that begins at homo usually stays
"It's a protty good place for It to
stay at that," replied Mrs. Merrlwld.
"I don't know nnywhero that It's more
(Copyright, 1312, by W. O, Chapman.)
RACES VERY MUCH MIXED
Spot In New York That Mlflht With
Much Truth Be Described as
Tho nationalities get u bit confused
down Washington Bqunre way. Fifth
avenue ends a little abruptly at the
Washington Arch, and tho haughty
Americanism of the beautiful colonial
doorways on tho north aide of tho
squaro stares into a hodgo-podgq of
races whose Americanism has baroly
begun to be "mad" " Thnro Is a French
church on the south bide of tho square,
and a settlement kindergarten whoso
pupils aro Italians and Slave imd Uub
Blan Jews. A Norwegian artist has
a vory wonderful studio on the samo
side, and next door to him live a
sturdy American from San Francisco
whoso lint Is sometimes shared by a
friend who Is half Indlun. There aro
Irish policemen on the corners, but tho
order to "keep off tho grass" read
"Consorvato Eibl" In tho square. And
ot this mlxturo of nationalities tho
EW YORK. John H. Dawson, a
West Virginia" mountaineer, who,
minus his shoes, stands six feet tall,
and without any drapery over his hor
culoan physique weighs 280 pounds,
and can senso his way through the
muni Impenetrable forest, found that
tho dull monotony of tho exterior of
flat houseB of Now York and tho end
less regularity of tho streets wore too
much for his path-finding abilities.
Dawson arrived in Now York tho
other morning to go to Blnghamton,.
N. Y , to buy n farm. Ho returned
late Christmas eve, having completed
his purchaso, jubilant over his future
home, all his pockets Bagging with
gifts and good cheer for his wife and
seven children whom ho had brought
hero with him. When ho reached the
city ho found ho was up against a
maze of houses that no teaching of
tho woodsman could penotrato. Not
used to such things as street numbers,
tho woodsman had neglected to write
down his address. That had never
crossed his thoughts. Down in West
Virginia, his boyhood homo, and for
the last year in Oklahoma, no mat
ter how dark the night or bad the
Journeying, hie woodsman's instinct
and ability to read the danger signals
of Mother Naturo had always brought
him homo safely to the bosom of his
Lawson left and returned by tho
same railroad. Leaving tho Hudson
tubo at Thirty-third street, Dawson
trudged down Droadway. Tho simple
mountaineer walked bravely along,
thinking of his seven little young
sters and tho faithful littlo mountain
woman who with him had dared tho
terrors of a great and unknown city.
nut ho had not bothered about the
street address, and could not find his
homo. Tho only description Dawson
could give of the flat house where ho
had left hlB family was so llko thou
Bands of other flats that It was practi
cally useless. Morning fotind him
still looking All Christmas day, his
heart as well as his body worn out by
his search, ho tramped through the
city, looking In every house that look
ed llko his own, expecting to see the
anxious face of his wife beckoning to
Finally Dawson went to a police sta
tion, but It was way up In the Bronx,
and tho police tried In some wny to
get Dawson to fix a locality, but ho
absolutely could not. Then somo ono
brought a newspaper Into tho Btatlon
house. In It was an account of Daw
son's disappearance. In tho first par
agraph of the story tho mountaineer
found his address. In a mlnuto he
took a subway train down town.
"Wo were almost giving him up,"
said Mrs. Dawson, "when, this morn
ing, I happened to look out of tho
window, and there, on tho other side
of tho street I saw John, his arms
full of bundles, looking at tho num
bers on tho houses. I ran out on tho
stoop to call him. You never saw any
ono so glad to see any one aB ho was
The city may be all right, says Daw
son, but ho feels much safer In the
mountains with the wild animals.
r j3 i
r r it
Forgets Home Number; Lands in Station House
yUapolcon -ac the. greatest egotist of
history. Hoiwns nut disposed to give
(credit unduly to other people. Yot he
iwroto of his mother: "It Is to my
.mother, to her good prlncipjoB, that
jl owe my success and nil I have that
ln worth -.vhllo. 1 do not hesitate to
jsay that" tho future of tho child do
(ponds on the mother.'1 All through Uto
(hn ordorcd his brothers and sisters
'.around, and paid slight heed to rela
tives of any sort. Yot ho always treat
(ed his mother with rinot, nnd oho
'in her turn never lost her head, but
(thriftily laid aside resources for tho
'days of adversity which sho saw wero
tbound to come. TIiIb lnfluenco of
imothors Is Inevitable, says the Kansas
City Star. Tho father 1b awny from
(borne a large share of tho tlmo. It Is
jto the mother that the child turns. She
Is his closest companion for tho first
(few years of his life. In all tho period
,Vrhen his habits are forming ho Is con
stantly In aseoctatlon witn hor.
It Ir astonishing how prosperous we
should bo if there were no waste and
bosses.1'' "Wo ttVe now told that cattle
jtickscoBt tho country 100,000,000 a
year. If wo remember aright, the de
'partment of agriculture Iuib told us
ftbatrsta cost m pb much as that, and
jseveral other varieties of vermin and
(Injurious insects rob us ,of ns much or
larger sums. Tho underwriters toll ub
ibal UBrtrly all tho ;210.000,000 a year
we loso In conflagrations Is provent
.able, and the doctors tell us that the
greater pact of the sickness, which Is
tremendous drain on Individual and
national resources, Is provontablo.
Some time we may stop theso leaks.
"A Noble, HlQh-Mlnded, Benevolent Character."
peoplo thereabouts aro well
CHICAGO. Because his memory de
serted him at the most critical
time tho tlmo to go home Frank H.
Harlow, a manufacturer of advertis
ing novelties, after touring tho North
SIdo In a taxlcab for four hours In a
vain search for his domicile, was
forced to spend tho night at the Chi
cago avenue police station by tho ac
commodating but Irate chauffeur.
When Harlow finally decided that
he would go home tho other night ho
summoned a taxlcab and crawled In.
"Where to?' 'nBked tho chauffer.
"Homo," was tho curl ruply.
"Where Is homo?" persisted tho In
"Why er lesh seo or that'sh
funny. Can't r'meinber. Y' see, Just
moved an' forget where. Somewhere
on North Side Wo'll find It."
Tho chauffeur drove to the North
Side nnd Hailow kept his eye peeled
for apartment houses. At last he saw
ono that looked like "home" and or
dered tho driver to stop. Out ho got
nnd into tho building ho went. Ten
minutes tho driver waited nnd then
"Thoy shay poshtlvely I don't live
thero," he said. "Lesh go somewhere
Away they went, with Harlow poor
ing out of tho window at tho build
ings as they flashed past. Again they
I srr a!, t
Mr. William A. Radford will answer
Questions and give advlco FUEB OF
COST on all subjects pertaining to tho
subject of building, for the readers or this
paper. On account of his wldo experience
as Editor, Author and Manufacturer, ho
la, without doubt, the highest authority
P! nil tho-mnubjeotn Address all lnqlilrlos
to William A. Itadford, No. 178 West
Jackson boulevard, Chicago, III., and only
enclose two-cent stamp or reply.
Compactness, neutucHS, and conveni
ence, combined at tho samd tlmo with
commodlousness, are the striking fea
tures of tho cottage design hero pre
sented. Tho houso has threo bed
rooms upstairs. Thero is more cozy
comfort tucked away under thlB roof
nnd within theso four walls than 1b
'ordinarily fohnd In tvo houses. A
Btudy of this little plan will easily
convince a person that It Is not neces
sary to build a great big house In or
der to nccommodato a good-sized fam
ily. Five bedrooms Is unusual, even
in a regular two-story house; but wo
(havo them here In a cottage 30 feet
wide by 46 feet long, costing ?1,800 to
'2,200 according to tho prices of labor
nnd material In the placo whero it is
, This littlo cottage is not only cozy,
neat, and comfortable, but 1b supplied
with modern conveniences, and looks
well There Is a great deal In looks.
If tho houso is a "good looker," the
owner can put up with some incon
veniences in regard to sizo or arrange
ment; but this house la also well
planned for comfort
In this nrrangnment tho dining room
is tho room ot the house. It is living
room, hall, reception room, and a room
of general utility. There Is no objec
tion to making such a dining room an
swer so many useful purposes, pro
vided the room is well kept. A lot of
housecleanlng Is needed where there
is so much being done in one room;
but it haves tho rest of the house. It
probably costs no more labor to keep
sprinkling, or It may bo cold to a
neighbor The Interest on the cost of
tho plant would bo from $22.00 to
$30.00 a year; tho repairs, littlo or
Thero Is no need of doing without
modern conveniences In tho house, be
cause ono happens to live In tho coun
try or a Bmall village. With a rain
fall of forty Inches during tho year,
which Is about the uverage for tho
greater part of tho United States, tho
roof of this cottago house would col
lect 800 or 900 barrols of water, which
I ro AOOA7 I
stopped befoio uu apartment and Har
low ambled in. v
"Wrong again," said Harlow com
lng out.. "Couldn't find name on let
At the next placo Harlow romalnod
inside longer than usual and the
chauffeur heard heated words from
the hallwuy. Tho hour was growing
"Never saw such un'commodatln'
people," Harlow told the driver. "Rang
overy bell and they got mad. Said
I was crazy. Looks Just llko home,
too. That'sh funny."
Finally tho exasperated chauffeur
looked at his meler. It registered
four hours, a goodly number of miles
and a considerable fare.
Tho driver bundled his faro back
Into tho machine and drove to tho Chi
cago nvpnue station.
When ho heard the story the next
morning, Judge Maxwell discharged
Second Floor Plan.
would be moro than enough for tho
use of the family. A circular cistern
10 feet across and 10 feet deep would
hold about 175 barrels, so that, by
running the water from the roof into
a good cistern, sufllclent water could
bo collected without having a well or
other supply unless wanted for drink
ing purposes. Rain water Is all right'
for any purpose if it Is properly eavpd
In a good,' clean clsters that Is pro-
Ankle-Binding Skirts Keep Cars Behind Time
' Thoro Is one district In China which,
it going to reform tho opium scandal
f the nation without any sentimental
onsenae. Opium fiends undor forty
jure to be executed and those over that
go will be imprisoned for life, which
rather reversing the Oslerian meth
od. So the habit Is bound to be cured
rwithout tiresome educational processes.
A California girl has given up a mil
Jlnery business worth $25,000 a year to
to on the stage as a chorus girl at
25 a week, says a theatrical ex
change. Perhaps she figures that with
,that lncomo and the stage, a title is
Among the victims of the de luxe
book salesmen was a blind woman.
One has long 'suspected that many
purchasers of do luxe bookB make no
more intelligent use ot them than the
Certain New York divorcees have,
ihltted the wedding ring from tho loft
to the right band as a "high sign" of.
freedom, but none will bo likely tej
A dissatisfied husband said his,
wife's mentality was scant because
ktr nose wbb short, but that doesn't'
go In tho case of tho ant-eater,
Much must be endured, but the
woman who wears suspenders Is her'
energy to philanthropy, It seems to
mo that I can't ndmlro him suffici
ently." "It's awfully dear and sweet of you,"
doclarod Mrs. Merrlwld, "and I would
n't ant to uliock you by Intimating
that Mr, Halm was a benevolent boob
or a sympathetic simp, but thoro aro
such persons, deurle, nevertheless. I
llko to see a man's eyos budlmmcd
with a kindly dew of pity as well ns
the next lady, and 1 think it's perfect
ly lovely to burn with righteous Indlg
'nntion and melt with geueiouB sym
pathy, but It gives me a pain amount
ing to anguish when ull tho bodlm
mlng and burning nnd molting Is at
long range. Tho troublo with Mr.
Halm Is ho's too far-sighted, und ho
couldn't seo a deplorable condition
closu by to save his swan-llko Heck,
unless ho looked at It th'rough tho
wrong end of a telescopo."
"I llko people of wldo Bympnthlcs."
remarked Aunt Juuu.
"I'd sooner see them all wool," MrB.
Merrlwld retortod; "them's too much
shoddy In theso extra breudths. I
novor did havo a good ear for long
distance callB and, dearie, when I'm
writhing beneath tho French heel of a
tyrannical Swedish cook or groaning
under tho pitiless oxtortlou ot my
dressmaker nnd being snubbed by tho
automobllo and winter golf casto, I
need sympathy myself and lots of It.
If my husband wero Blopplug tho on
tiro stock on Indigent lgorrotes and
homeless Hottentots. I know I'd feel
hurt and want to throw things that
hurt a little worse."
"That scemB to mo a very Belflsh
point of view, MelUsa," commonted
"I wouldn't wonder," admitted MrB.
Merrlwld. "Still, If ho hnd any sym
pathy or help to spare, I wouldn't dis
courage him from applying It to a few
worthy objects this sldu ot India's
coral strand. Thero aro a few chil
dren being sacrificed to tho Sacred
Cotton Dale down south that might
bo saved by a little concentrated phil
anthropy, and tho mlnotaurs ot tho
sweat shops and faotorlos aro claim-,
lng an occasional girl victim In our
free aud happy land not to go auy
farther. If Mr. Balm would burn and
!melt and got weepy over a fow thou
band oppressions nnd body and soul
starvations in tho Unltod States and
then tako oft his Blmper and his frock
ooat and black necktie and get busy,
I might bo stronger for him."
Mrs. Merrtwld's color had heighten
ed and sho spoke with unusual earn-
For on West Broadway, Just south of
the squaro, Is a most enterprising
apothocary, who flings his American
sign "Drug Store" invitingly toward
tho north. Looking southward and
east is the announcement that the
shop within Is a "Fnrmacin Itallana."
Toward tho west ono roads that this
Is a "Farmacle Francalse." And In
small letters on each sign one can
rend, If ono looks hard, tho name of
tho proprietor "J. Strocowlcz."
Now York Times.
INDIANAPOLIS, Ind. Tight-fitting
skirts delay traction cars, nnd
mako It almost Impossible for con
ductors nnd motormon to keep up ,to
tho required schedules. Especially Is
thlB truo In tho case of cars which
make many stops. Men at tho trac
tion tormlnal station estimate that It
takes a woman threo times as long to
board a car as it did In the days whon
History of the Mormons.
Brlchutn Younc wiir not tlm fntimW
of tho Mormons. That distinction hn- I tho' woro wl skirts.
longs to ono Joseph Smith, born nt I Dosa S1,afer. Patrolman, stationed
Sharon, Vt., Decombor 23, 1805, cnllod i nt tho traction depot, Ib an observing
"tho prophet," who announced In 1823 l ,nan- and llQ UnB had ll,B attention
at Palmyra, N. Y., that ho had had a cMoA to the tlght-flttlng skirt nult
vision of tho nngol "Moroni," who gnvo ' anco " tnUn crows many Um0B n
him tho Information which (so Smith I "W Bomo w"men trying to board a
claimed) lod U tlm nndlmr f n.H I car often mnko from throe to five at-
"Book of Mormon," written on gold
plntcfl In hieroglyphics. Tho book was
said by tho opponontB of Mormonlsm
to havo boon written about 1812 by a
clorgymnn named Solomon Spauldlng
as a religious romance In Imitation of
Scripture Btylo, This Is denied by the
Mormons. Smith was killed In 1884
and Young became his successor.
That Subtle English Humor.
George Broadhurst tells of an Eng
lish shopkeeper tho soul of amiability.
"You are an Amorlcan, Blr, nro you
not?" ho naked. "Yes," said Mr.
Broadhurst to save lengthy explana
tions. "Now, I have a conundrum that
I always savo for tho Araorlcane, bo
cauBo thoy say thoy are so deuced
clover, Whon you put n billiard ball
oil tho tablo, what Is the first thing
it does?" "Why, I don't know," said
Mr. Broadhurst, uncertainly, "perhaps
It waltB for Ub cue." "Ah, that's very
clover, vory clever," countered tho
littlo EngllBlunan, "but not so good as
tho roal answer. Tho first thing It
docs Is to look round."
tempts beforo succeeding.
One woman with a tight skirt hob
bled to tho step of a car the other
day. In each hand she carried a suit
case. After three attempts to board
the car, she said with a sigh: "1 don't
believe I can mannge It."
It was then that Shared stepped
forward. Tho conductor, who waa
ready to start tho car, grabbed the
suit cases, and Doss gave the woman
a boost that lifted her to the first
step of tho car, whence, In spite of
the tight skirt, she struggled to tho
platform, affirmed Samuel Thrasher,
caller at tho traction station.
"Tlgh skirts certainly delay tramc."
said Thrasher. "It does not seem
possible, but when it is found that
thirty seconds longer are required for
a woman to enter a car than formerly.
It is soon seen that a great deal
more time is consumed at stations.
Women to got on a car In tight
skirts generally need help. However,
somo of them boost their skirts to
their knees and scramble on without
any help. Theso now creations of
fashions mnko It almost Impossible
,for women to step up tho fifteen to
olghtoon inches necessary to get
upon the first step of nn interurban
Hats Take Aerial Trip When Gale Hits Detroit
this one main room In order than to
distribute the work over several oth
eis. Thete is no stereotyped plan of
keeping houso in the United States.
We have a good many styles of
houses, and they all have some merits,
so long as the roof sheds water.
The advantages In a house like this
are the saving In expense In first cost,
and a saving in heating every winter
as long ns you live In it. it Is an ad
vantage to have tho kitchen shut away
from the main part of the houso,
where It Is cool In summer. When the
porch Is used as a Bortof kitchen an
nex, aa It probnbly would be by most
housekeepers, the arrangement Is es
The water Bupply In all houses that
are built In villages and country
places Is a question of serious Im
portance One leason why life In
.small places Is not moro attractive. 13
the lack of modern conveniences In
iho home. How much better It Is to
build small house, thereby saving
money enough to Install a water sys
tem with a pressume tank, plumbing,
bathroom, and hot nnd cold running
water in aa many places In the house
as you want It Such conveniences
Spread of Education In China.
Tho ministry ot education hnB made
ao now Investigation Into tho educa
tional statistics of tho country. Now
tho Investigation is completed and a
report Is prepared, according to which
thero aro 35,998 Institutions of learn
ing of all grades, military and naval
schools not Included The numbor of
students studying In these schools is
876,760. Pokin Daily News
DETltOlT, MICH. Unusually high
winds the other day were respon
sible for a reat doal of sidewalk acro
batics upon tho part of pedestrians
who defied the gale by wearing stiff
At one time threo men ran a foot
race across Michigan avenue at Qrls
wold street In pursuit of elusive head
gear. At times It seemed as It the
only way to keep an overcoat fastened
In front was to nail tho edges to
gether. Ono of the prize feats of the wind,
however, was when a chilly zephyr
went ripping down Lafayette boule
vard at Grlswold street, tearing a
Darby hat from tho head ot a young
man, carrying It In eccentric gyrations
through tho air, and depositing It un
ceremoniously upon a ledge In front
ot a window on the second story of
tho German Amorlcan bank build
ing. "Thero It goes," yellod a portly In
dividual who had hold ot his own
hat with one hand while his other
hand grasped tho tallB ot his
overcoat In nn effort to prevent
him from becoming a whirling der
vish 'Thero It Is," said n rosy-cheoked
young woman who had an iron
uanK ot nowers wnicn decorated a
broad-brtmmed felt millinery crea
tion. The young man who had lost the
bowler stood mournfully on the
edgo of the wnlk.
"How you going to got It down?"
(ukod a youth, who, In passing,
noted tho affair.
"Walt for It to blow down, 1 guess,"
gloomily remarked tho owner of the
And bo did.
In many portions of the city
small signs were wrested from
their fastenings; In others fences
lost tho top board, some plato glass
windows wero blown in on Lafay
otte nvonue. But everywhere lwts
It was a regular turkey-trot,
bunny-hug, Boston glldo and Ar-
gontlno wriggle for the hysterical hits
178 AiTCfiZN inn II' J
1 L VVT I 1
sLlEE" J 0
r z' " o'', ' i
vldod with tho proper filters. Cisterns
aro not deep enough to Involve much
labor In getting tho water out. A
hand-pump will nnswer very well for
a small house, to keep tho bathroom
supplied; but there should bo a stor
age tank somewhere This may bo a'
plank tank, copper-lined, up In the at
tic; or It may be a pressure tank In
tho cellar or In tho ground outside.
Either arrangement Is good If well
put in and taken care of afterwards.
Pressure tanks are tho latest and
the most satisfactory equipment whon
they are mechanically right In over
way. An old steam boiler makes a
good tank, but It must bo both water
tight and alr-tlght. It must be largo
enough to hold water for household
use for a week, and still have air
space enough to give tho necessary
pressure. The water Is pumped with!
a force pump Into tho tank through
a pipe that enters at the bottom, thus
confining the nir In tho upper part,
of the boiler shell. The water 13 forced
in at the bottom and taken out from
the bottom. When tho air pressuro
gets too low to force tho water up tcl
the highest wnter tnp, moro air Is
forced Into the top of tho pressuro
tnnk by means of a large bicycle pump;
A boiler shell 3 feet in diameter
and 12 to 16 feet long would answer
the purpose very well. It should bd
filled nbout two-thirds full of water
under a pressuro of from 20 to 30
pounds. A little experience will soon
show tho most desirable pressure. Tho
kind or wnter-pump und air-pump used
will determine whether it Is best to
pump the water against the air or to'
pump air against the water.
iluuh on a whlto plume aud a and tho wandering winds.
First Floor Plan.
cost no more In the country than they
do In tho city. They must be paid for
wherever they are enjoyed. Wo don't
i;t things for nothing Houses in me
clU rent for enough'to pay tho In
toist on tho cost, tp pay the salaries
jnA sometimes the other "perquisites"
of public officials, and tl)e necessary
fundi for a great deal of unnecessary
work. Water for n city houso costs
from $5.00 to $100.00 a year, according
to the rates prevailing, tho slzo of tho
house, and the quantity of wnter used.
A windmill with the necessary
pumps and pressuro tank to supply
o house the slzo of this one, would not
necessarily cost moro than $200 or
$300. Tho same windmill that sup
plies tho houso may bo used to pump
water for other purposes If on a
farm, to water stock: If In a village,
tho water may be supplied for street
Architect of His Own Fortune.
Prof. Arminlus Vnmbory, tho world's1
most famous orientalist, who celobrat
ed his eightieth birthday not long ago,
was a tailor's apprentice as a lad, and
rece'lved no education other than that
ho was able to pick up. His father
was a poor Jew, and the boy had to)
work his way. At eighteen ho had;
already mastered four European Ian
guaGes, In addition to Turkish, and
then became a private teacher. HlB
long life in tho Orient gave him per
feet command ot many tongues. At
Constantinople he was counselor to
Abdul Hamld. Ho is proud of his low
ly origin, boasts ot tjio many books ho
has written, cares little for wealth, but
is said to bo unusually Buscoptlble to,
flattery. For years he has been pro-,
fessor of oriental languages at Buda-j
Varieties of Sharks'.
The many varieties of tho shark are!
divided into the littoral, tho polaglo
and tho bathyblal, according as they!
are found near tho shore, or In rald-i
ocean, or at great depths. Besides
those mentioned thoro are tho livor '
the hound, tho shovel-nose, tho tiger.'
the hnmmor-hoads, tho porbgagles, tho!
fox or thresher, and tho basking shark,!
sometimes, though wrongly, called the!