Newspaper Page Text
I "Biysi&T r
DAKOTA . CITY HERALD
JOHN H. REAM, Publisher.
WAR CHANGES FASHIONS.
Was thero ever a war that did not
ezort an Influence on fashions? Bo
hemlnn fez-makers, It is said, aro de
ploring tho prospectlvo waning of
their onco profltablo branch of manu
facture. As a result of the decline of
lalainio religion and tho rise of Chris
tian presttgo In southeastern Europe
the use of tho fez In Thraco and Mac
edonia already has declined. A recent
writer says that apart from tho In
fluence of decimation of the Mahome
tan population by the war, tho Turks
who remain In Europe as subjects of
the Christian states will soon, as for
mer examples have shown, exchange
tho fez for tho lambskin cap worn by
the Christian peasantry. Tho fez, It Is
remarked, Is merely an adaptation of
tho ancient turban, and the only thing'
that matters to tho Mahometan is that,
his headgear should have no brim, or
oven shade, so that ho may alt on tho
floor of the mosquo as prescribed by
the Koran with a covered head, and
yet, when Baying his praperu, touch
tho ground with his baro forehead. For
this ceremonial the lambskin cap
would do just as well,
Admiral George Dewey, hero of Ma
nila bay, when congratulated upon the
attainment of three-quarters of a con
utry of good health, gave somo good
advice to public men. Ho said ho at
tributed his long llfo and good condi
tion to much riding and abstaining
from midnight banquets, and be added:
"So Bhould any man who wants to feel
as young as I do whon ho is seventy
Ave." Quite true! The temptations
are great with tho man In the lime
light to indulge in excesses, largely
to please bis friends and admirers.
The American banquet, an ornate
feeding ceremony lasting several
hours, robbing the man of Increasing
yean of the sleep which Is required
to neutralize the ravages of time, and
playing hob with his dlgestlvo appa
ratus, has undoubtedly cost many
lives. It takes a strong and vigorous
constitution to withstand the demands
of the banqbet table.
Every now and then la started a
spasmodic crusade to protect the doll
and Its Instinct of motherhood against
the wooly dogs, cats, teddy bears and
other animal usurpers In childish af
fections. The modern passion for
crusading Is so strong that the object
Is often absurdly out of proportion to
the efforts put forth; indeed, is of
mall importance in Itself as long as
It gives the' overactive crusaders
something to work on. The doll has
been so long in tho business that It
can be trusted to tako care of itself,
and tho society for Its protection re
cently organized in Germany, may
with quiet minds leave tho fondling
of little wooly dogs to tho little girls
without Imminent danger to tho foun
dations of human society.
An englnoer on a Long Island en
gine smiled at a would-be passenger
standing on a station platform when
the train was passing It. Tho passon
ger took this as an Intimation that the
train was going to slow down for him,
"and tried to board, with the result of
losing a leg and the railroad having
to pay $5,000. The company will now In
struct its omployea that exhibitions of
amiability and good will on the part
of employes toward the public must
not be mado under circumstances that
render the outcome so equivocal.
The United Statos cqmmlsslon of
education thinks that women should
devote less time to Latin and the
classics and moro to the profession of
motherhood. While thero Is no Ir
reconcilable difficulty between tho ac
quiring of Latin and being a good wlfo
and mother, it Ib undoubtedly true
that the first requisites or any ed
ucation, whether for man or woman,
should be tho development of char
acter and a thorough foundation In
the rudiments. After that lh moro
knowledge which can boacqulrod tho
better. After all, the free sovorelgn
and Independent American people
might be worse off. In Berlin Btreot
car passengers are rebelling against
having to tip conductors for change.
The disastrous Arcs of the. year
show that the work of Are prevention
must bo started In earnest. Sinco
thero Is scarcely one fire In a hun
dred which Is not preventable, the
strictest and minutest study must be
brought to bear on a subject too long
A Philadelphia pastor says tho sen
sation for the first five minutes after
death 1b one of glad surprise. Out
there may be cases In which the glad
ness does not last any longer than the
A Los Angoles judge rules that a
woman should refuso to get break
fast for her husband if he Btays out
all night. Which Is something of a
joke for those who bavo had experi
ence of "the morning after."
If, like the Chinese, we paid doctors
to keep us halo and Bound In body,
and stopped tho stipend when wo got
sick or contracted bokon bones, do
you bellevo that the medical profos
r'on would bo enthusiastic football
Scholars have unearthed an an
ient olty in Moxt'co which leads
them to 'believe the natives wore Chi
aese. Those were the peaceful days
trJPtfti si WilrBaW ruj4 ' - . . -,, sNv)v(,,-Jy.--'
HOW many people would recognize
George Washington it they met him
face to face and modcrnly dressed on
a city street?
How many school children, coming
directly from the exerclsos colebratlng
the birthday of the father of our coun
try, would resognizo tho immortal Wash-
V I ingion it lie ttiooa on wo scuoomouse
v stons and cave them greeting as they
"Every ono," answers tho public.
"Not ono," say experts In Waehlngtonla.
The public, secure In its knowledge of the por
traits accepted as Iportraylng the features of
Washington, is confident that It knows Washing
ton too well to mako any mistake. Tho historians,
knowing of what the public is ignorant, calmly
aver that not one American patriot in a thousand
knows what tho first president looked like in life.
For the accepted picture of Washington, the fa
mous Stuart portrait which has been handed
down through the generations as being a lifelike
representation of Washington Uneumonts, which
has been reproduced hundreds of times, and from
which Americans havo learned to know, or think
they know, what ho looked like, has been exposed
and hold up to criticism and branded as overy
thing but a resemblance of Gcorgo Washington.
Tho public, which for 110 years has looked upon
tnls face doptcted in books, magazines, on flags,
everywhere that the face of tho father of the
country has been reproduced, nover has seen a
faithful ljpinwnlilIoii of what Waeiitiifcton
looked llko In the flesh. Trusting little school
children, gazing upon tho classic countenance
on the schoolroom wall, hnvo been basely de
ceived. Washington did not look llko that, or
anything near It, It Is said.
This picture, say tho researchers, Is far re
moved from the true Washington. The public,
they say, doesn't know tho father of the country
and wouldn't recognize him If they mot him face
to faco on the street.
Tho how and tho whyfore of thU stnrtllng an
nouncement comes through the dlsclosuro of a
real Washington, a poi trait qulto different from
tho accepted ono. Thli portrait, painted by the
great Washington painter, Stuart, In 1705. Is
dcclaredjto he the one that shows tho man as he
really was, depleting hiB features and characteris
tics with tho sternest fidelity and truthfulness,
and making n likeness so true that It should
havo been handed down through the ages an a
record of what Washington looked llko. It was
accepted as' such by Mrs. George Washington
and by th" entire household at Mount Vernon.
Surely, say tho historians, IiIb own wife and
family ought to know what Washington looked
like! Rut this portrait, tho "true Washington."
Is not tho one that tho public has boon led to
believe is George Washington,
Tho commonly accepted portrait, the one which
hangc In duplicate on the walla of every pchoo'
room in tho land, nnd which Americans confl.
dontly point out as a picture of the father of
tholr country, Is qulto another picture. It also
was painted by Stuart, In 1790. but the magic
bond thnt had made tho painter and subject at
ease with each other waB gone, and Stuart turned
from his work in disgust, doclarlng thnt tho pic
ture lacked tho animation thnt characterized
Washington, and was novor complotcd.
Yet this Is the plcturo which has boon accept
ed as absolutely correct Mrs Washington didn't
llko it; but tho public nnd Washington's old sol
diers llkod it, It was tholr Idea of whnt they
wanted their hero to look llko. Hence Its rnpld
growth Into popularity, and the practical eclipse
of the other portrait, declared to be the truo
Stuart, It Is well ktitfwn, mado throe great a
tempts to transfer the being of Washington to
canvas. Tho first was, so the painter declared, a
failure, because the confidence necessary be
tween subject nnd artist was lackliiK Tho sec
ond waB a success. 8tuart learned that ho could
got his famous sitter interested In "talking
horso." and so he painted him as he really was.
Tho third attempt resulted In tho conventional
"household Washington." It lacked, said Mrs.
Washington, truth. It lacked, said Stuart, the anl-
matlon characteristic of the general Hut It made
Its way Into popularity. Hence, eav historians,
tho public knows not the country's own father.
"Upwards of thirty oil paintings from llfo by
different artists, a .full decimo of statuos, and
hundreds of pen and shadow pictures are In tho
collection of Washington faces now scattered
throughout the libraries, museums, and prlvato
colectlons of this country," writes Dr. Bernard J.
Clgrand, director of tho Chicago public library:
"Besides these varied originals have boon the
foundation of many hundreds of famous copies,
not counting tho nearly 400 different engravings
formed from theso sketches from life In all
making the largest assortment of likenesses mado
of any human being and representing the prog
ress of the art of painting and sculpture, as well
as engraving, since the year 1772 down to this
"The entire time whloh he- must have spent
before tho critical eyes of these famous artists,
If summed up, would doubtless reach at least a
full month, and whilo his personality has been
caught In its great varieties of moods, yet tho
complex physiognomy has been deduced to five
basic faces which aro standard as relates to age,
character and physical formation.
"The first among these Washington faces is
the ono produced by Charles Wilson Peale, who
at tho Invitation of Washington called at Mount
Vernon and painted the first portrait of the emi
nent Virginian; this was begun on May 20, 1772,
whon Washington was 40 yoars of ago. ThlB pic
ture Is especially Interesting since It Is the ear
Host reproduction of tho faco and form of Wash
lngton He paid Penlo about $100, and during
tho remainder of his career Peale painted eight
moro from life, tho dates being 1772, '77, '79, '84,
'85. '87, '94, and '95. These studies are practi
cally all recognized as worthy of tho artist and
"The war for Independence waB Just ended nnd
tho treaty of peace signed when tho state of Vir
ginia engaged' In the discussion as to how it
could beflttlngly- recognize tho public service of
Washington, one of Its natlvo and loyal sons.
After a vnrlety of propositions had been disposed
of. tho legislature finally voted that a statue of
him should bo orected In his honor.
"Benjamin Harrison was tho governor at the
time and waB personally intrusted by the legis
lature to execute tho wishes of tho resolution.
Ho immediately wrote to Franklin and Jefferson,
who were In Paris, to engage tho best sculptor
of all Europo; the governor also called attention
to the fact that ho had ordered Mr. Peale to
make a full-slzed painting of the general, nnd
this ho would forward as a model for the sculp,
tor, Frnnklln and Jofforson were not long in
selecting tho artist. Ho was a Frenchman by the
name of Joan Antolnn Houdnn,
"When ho was informed of tho oil painting
project ho Immediately objected, saying that If
Virginia wanted a living likeness of Washington
ho must have his own wny as to arriving at the
produjjf; that would mean that ho must cross tho
Atlantic, visit with Washington, and carefully
model tho fnco from tho living, tako impressions
and casts, and laboring along exact rather than
lmpreBslonnl lines. This was quickly agreed to
by Frnnklln nnd Jefferson, but tho terms of tho
aflulr wore dimcult to arrange.
"Tho Bhort, Industrious nrtist was in no great
hurry to lenvo gay Paris for tho wilds of Virginia,
and between Illness nnd rush of work It was
nbout ono year before ho set sail. He perchance
came across with Franklin, who, on. arriving,
wroto n letter of Introduction to Washington.
"The Houdon stntuo has beon accopted as the
nenrest truo physical reproduction wo possess
of tho groat commandor, oven Peale and the
critical Stuart admit this, and tho Virginians
never grow tired of what Stuart said: "It Ib the
hoad of Washington pai excellence." Additional
testimony or the truthfulness of tho Houdon
statue dates to 1860 (Fob. 22), when tho congres
slonnl committee, after dlllgont and lengthy dis
cussion, accepted It as the standard Washington
for busts, medals and coins.
"The military Washington we get In the John
Trumbull plcturo, which has caught tho daring
nnd dashing element of the wnr general. Trum
bull did ovorythlng with the grentost possible
exactness, and every detail In tho painting Is
from llfo and from nature. The horso and the
background are tho result of standings and poses
and roprooent n world or detail. When It waB
completed In 1790 Washington was In New York
nnd tho oxocutlvo mansion was tho scene or nn
Interesting pictorial arrangement nt tho suggos-
ting or Washington. A large delegation or Indian
chiefs were visiting him and, anxious to see what
they thought of the picture, he had the artist set
it in a large room opposite the entrance and so
arranged as to give It a panoramic setting. Then
ho had tho artist take tho Indians through and,
to the amazement of tho general, who was unob
served, the Indians believed It to be, tho real
Washington, and only artor they were allowed to
go forth and examine it did they desist In paying
homage to the painting.
"Tho Trumbull plcturo Is Indeed a great pro
duction, and while It has always been recognized
as tho military spirit, strange to say tho por
trait remained unengraved for nearly a century
tho first time It was Illustrated: In 1883.
"The last picture made from life was tho work
of the Frenchman," Charles B. Memln. He was
tho inventor of tho physlonotrace, by which,
through mechanical arrangement, the accurate
shape of tho head and the outlines of the faca
were registered, and tho artist only supplied the
life' or human toUch. The original Is lost, but a
good copy remains It Is pronounced a good
Washington and is famous because of It being
the last HkenesB."
YOU WHO HAVE TEMPERAMENT
Make Sure' It Isn't III Temper, Egotism, o,
Temperament, as applied to Individual peculiar
ltlcs, was a word not In the old-fashioned family
vucabulary. Helen Coale Crew, writing In Lip
"Time waB and thnt not many decades ago
when we all had temperament of one sort or
another. I might have a gloomy temperament,
you a genial ono, our friend a phlegmatic one;
and the kindest, simplest soul among us was aa
temperamental as his nervous nnd complex
brother. Nowadayn we apply tho word to put a
single class or individuals, and tho test or tern
porament seems to be that a man shall always
do the unoxpected, and shall bo extremely diffi
cult to live with. And as In Attic days there
were but Greeks and barbarians, today there are
but tho temperamental and the commonplnce.
"Fortunately, an overwhelming proportion of
us aro commonplace; for no family could, with
prldo nnd difficulty, support more than ono tem
peramental member. It Is tho commonplace who
bear the brunt of living, offering themselves as
buffers between those favored creatures of tem
perament and the dally friction of ramlly life.
Wo must needs be tender of them, for It Is of
them that geniuses are made. 'Bo .careful of Ed
ward' feelings,' la tho constant warning of an
anxious mother. 'Ho has so much temperament
and Is so sensitive!' And Edward continues to go
about with nn lll-bnlanced chip on his shoulder,
which his brothers and sisters dare not knock
off, though among themselves they are woll
nwaro that knocking about Is what he needs
above all else,
"If every Individual of temperament became a
full-fledged genius, no amount of forbearance
would seem too great a price to pay on the part
of the payers. Unfortunately, many fall just
enough short of this desired culmination to keep
us In doubt all tho time. And he who falls short
of ripening Into tho genius he lias for years ex
pected to be Is likely not to ripen In any direc
tion, but to harden Into a disappointed, exacting
creatures, needing a still larger and more devoted
group of buffers to save his tender mental shim.
"At tho risk of even losing a few geniuses out
of the world, would It not be better to turn over
all temperamental children to their commonplace
brothers nnd sisters without reservation? Chil
dren aro wlso creatures, oven tho dullest or them.
Tholr cruelties are, In the long run, kind. They
will replaco tho aggrosslvo chips upon Edward's
shoulder with the burden that belongs thero
that or serving as he would bo served and en
during as ho would bo endured. And If, with
this fair play all around, he blossoms Into a genius,
wo aro only too thankful to rlBe up and call him
Host Mr, Parvenu, you will please take Miss
Gumwell out to dinner.
Mr. Pnrvonu Certainly, but whero? I thouEht
we wero going to eat hore In tho house!" Judge.
DID HAWTHORNE SEE GHOST?
Author Always Believed That Apparl-1 latod to him, ho says, by a Blstor-ln-
lion oi uia acquaintance Had law of Hawthorno. as follows: "Dur-
Appeared to Him.
Did Nathaniel Hawthorno believe In
ghosts? According to Mr. Jntnos K.
Hosmr ho did, nnd In his latest vol
ume, "Tho Last Loaf," tho "voteran
maker of books," as he calls hliusoir,
tells sorcrnl stories to benr out his
lug a sojourn In Boston ho often
wont to tho reading-room of tho Ath
onaoum rind was particularly Inter
ested to see a oortaln nowspaper
This paper ho often found In tho
hands of nn old mnh, and he was
soraetlmos annoyed bocauso tho old
man retnlnod It so long The old
tatoment. Ono of tho best was re-1 man lived In a Buburb and for some I
reason wns equally Interested with
hlmsoir In that paper. This wont on
ror weeks until one day Hawthorno,
entering the room, found tho pnpor as
usual In the hands of this man. Haw
thorno sal down and waited patiently
as ofton boforo until tho old man had
finished. Aftor n time tho mnn roso.
put on his hat and overcoat, and took
his departure. As tho door or tho
reading room closed bohlnd him Haw-
1 thorno took up tho papor which lay
in disorder as the man had left it,
when, lo and behold, his eyo fell In
tho first column on a notice or the
old man's death. Ho was at tho mo
ment lying dead In his house In the
suburbs and yet Hawthorno had bo
held him but a moment boforo In his
usual guise reading the papor In tho
Athonaeuml My friend said that
Hawthorno told her tho story quietly,
without nttempt ,nt explanation, and
sho believed his thought was that ho
1 had actually seen a ghost."
H V I '
gr Suitors of
UJ JLUUlYlVJlJl 1 ft
MELISSA ABHOR3 A VOCAL VOL
CANO. Almost immediately after tho street
door closed Mrs. Merrlwld tottored
Into the room where her maternal
maiden aunt Jano waB sitting at a lit
tle tea table. There sho collapsed In
a gradual Delsartean movement at
tho foot of an easy chair, allowing her
head to droop weakly against Its cush
ion. "Get up, Melissa, and don't mako a
fool of yourself," said Aunt Jane.
"Tea, glvo me teal" murmured Mrs.
"You might havo had It before. It
got cold It you had been a little more
hospltnblo," Aunt Jane remarked, as
"Ho didn't give me a chance to In
vite him," said Mrs. Merrlwld, scram
bling to a more conventional posture.
"Ho was bo much ocoupled with our
pleasant little chat that I couldn't
have Interjected an invitation to par
take or a glass or water. He's a
great little monologue artist, Mr. Prol
licks is. I'll bet you could use his
vocal chords for an elevator cable aiyl
get past the inspector."
"He certainly has a command of
language," Aunt Jane agreed.
"Ho hasn't any control of it," said
Mrs. Merrlwld. "It runs away with
him every time and the groat trouble
is it never gets any place In par
ticular. Talk about speaking volumes 1
That man will speak a congressional
library during a morning call and
nover bat an eye. If I had a dear
little- lap dog whose hind leg I had
any regard for, I'd certainly tie him
up Iw the basement when Prolly call
ed. My own understanding "
"Melissa!" said Aunt Jane, reprov
ingly. "Pardon me, dearlo," said Mrs. Mer
rlwld, plucking down her skirt. "It
was careless of me. I mean to say
It passes my comprehension how any
creature that hasn't a red beak and
green feathers can make such a con
versational nuisance of himself. I'm
a pretty good single handed talker,
me, when I get an intelligent and ap
preciative listener1 llko you, dearie
but Mr. Prolllcks could fill his mouth
with hot mush and make me seem
'"I love a good gamo of bridge 1
whist,' I said, 'and I love to fish where
you have to be very quiet, and I lovo
the reading rooms In the public li
braries and desert solitudes and dumb
animals and watch caBos and clams.'
"'Why clams?' says he. 'Because
' 'No,' says I, sweetly. 'For another
"He seemed a little bewildered and
mechanically pulled out his watch.
'"Good gracious!' I said. 'Is it
really as lato as that?' t
"Well, ho thought he would havo to
be going. He didn't oven ask about
the watch case."
"What was there about it?" inquired
"Oh, nothing, but they're generally
easy to shut up," replied Mrs. Merrl-.
(Copyright, 1913, by W. O. Chnpman.)
The A English class of a Louisville
school, says a writer in the Courier
Journal, formed a basket ball team. It
was wholly composed of girls and prac
tlco work, began with vigor. It was tho
Intention of tho team after It became
proficient to challenge the players of
several other classes. No member of
the A English class was over twelve
years of old, and Marlon, who was be
ing tried out for a position on the
team, was only ten. Sho was quick
and athletic, but all the hard knocks
In the practice work seemed to come
On one afternoon one of her teach
ers found her In a hallway off the
gymnasium crying bitterly.
"What Is It, Marlon?" she asked.
"Don't you like the practice work?
What Is your position on the team,
"I don't don't know, ma'am,"
blubbered Marion, "but the way they
they," a storm of sobs, "treat mo, I
think I'm the basket." Mother's Magazine.
s Nothing Doing There.
"A persistent Insurance agent had
long been pestering a certain engine
driver to take out a policy on his
life. Meeting with little success, ha
called at the works where tho man
"Good Gracious! Is It Really as Late as That?"
It takes a born diplomat to appear
Intorcstod In other people's troubles.
tongue-tied. If ho'd only whlBtle once
to a while, he'd be bo much better
"Well," observed "Aunt Jane, "there
are some men who nover have a
chanco to say ror themselves."
"I doubt It," replied Mrs. Merrlwld.
"When It comes lo themBolves, thoy
aro all, more or less, loquacious; It's
when you try to switch to a less In
teresting subject that they fall back
On grunts. Women have wider con
corns. They'll extend tho discussion
to their husbnnds and the servant
problem and Infant culture and chif
fons at least. Mr. Prolllcks doesn't
confine e hlmsoir to anything, how
ever. i anybody started the ldlosyn
cracles of Ichthyosauri as a topic, he'd
butt In and hold the floor Indefinitely
explaining how It camo that he had
never devoted any time to that branch
"What did ho talk about this after
noon?" asked Aunt Jane.
Mrs. Merrlwld cast her eyeB up
ward. "Let me see," she began. "The
weather first, I think, then other pre
dictions and fortune tolling and clair
voyance and esoteric Buddhism and
Mr. Isaacs. From Isaacs to Oppen
helm was a natural transition, and
detective stories carried him to
science, which embraced wireless
telegraphy and aeroplanes. Then he
volplaned to earth and automobiles
in v,Ido and fluont spirals and, by way
of country roads, he arrived at bunga
lows and from bungalows to cottages
and from cottages to love."
"Oh ho!" said Aunt Jano, rubbing
her sapient nose with her roreflnger
w wl ant 111 n ft .
"Ah ha!" Mrs. Merrlwld mimicked.
"Yes, he said that after all It was
lovo that mado the world go round. I
BUggested that at times It was an In
judicious Indulgence In cocktails and
Huch, but he didn't hear mo because
ho was busy explaining his theory at
length. It sooms that he had Imagined
sovoral times that ho had been In
love only to discover that It was a
passing fancy, and ho thought It not
Improbable that marriages had been
mado on equally baseless supposi
tions (Foxy Prolly!) It was there ho
paused for the first time nnd gave me
was employed and endeavored to
work on his fears.
"Now, look there," said the agent,
pointing to a couple of huge boilers'
closo at hand, "ir they were to ex
plode, where would you bo?"
"There's no kuowln'," was tho re
ply. "I might be anywhere at the
time safe 1' bed for choice!"
"Yes, yes," said the agent; "but
that Isn't what I mean. If they wero
to blow up now at this identical mo
"Well. I' that case." replied the
other, quietly, "I reckon me an' thee
ud finish our little argyment up 1'
Then the agent gave it up. Tit-Bits.
Ecuador Blanket Tree.
Blankets grow on trees In Ecuador,
and while the Idea of an all-woolen,
fresh from the forest bed covering
might give Insomnia and a backache
to the child of civilization, who likes
to snuggle comfortably under several
layers or down and wool, the natives
find It all right, sb In fact It Is.
When an Ecuador Indian wants a
blanket he hunts up a demajagua tree
and cuts from It a five or six-foot
section or the pecullarlly soft, thick
bark. This Is dampened and beaten
until the flexibility of the sheet Is
much lnoreased. The rough, gray ex
terior Is next peeled off, nnd the sheet
dried In the sun. The result Ib a
blanket, soft, light nnd fairly warm,
of an attractive cream color It may
be rolled Into a compact bundle without
hurt, and with ordinary usage will last
for several years. Harper's Weekly.
Drawing the Line.
"From this ipolnt," said the man In
the front seat or the automobile,
bringing tho machine to a stop, "you
get a good view of PIttBburg proper."
"I'm Buro," spoke up the prim ma
tron in the back seat, "that's the only
part, of .Pittsburg we wish to seo!"
"Sea vessels are different from any
thing olso in the world."
"They can't make knota when they'ra