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DAKOTA COUNTY HERALD; DAKOTA CITY, NEBRASKA.
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Consressmtui Standlsh and tho Woman,
believing themselves in love, spend a
trial week as man and wife In a hotel
in northern Now York under assumed
Barnes. The Woman awakrn to the (act
that she does not lovo Blandish and calls
their engagement on. Standlsh protests
undying devotion. Wanda Kelly, tele-
fhono girl at the Hotel Keswick, Wash
ngton. Is loed by Tom Blake, son of the
political boss of tho house. He proposes
marriage and Is refused. She gives as
one of her reasons her determination to
?;et rovongo on Jim Blake for ruining her
other, Congressman Frank 13. Kelly.
Congressman Standlsh, turned Insurgent,
la lighting tho Mulltns bill, u measure In
the Interests of tile railroads. Tim ma
chine Is seeking means tojJIscjetHl'Ktanil-
an in ins nope oi pusning. tne Dili
through. Robertson, son-in-law of Jim
Blake, and the tatter's candidate for
speaker of tho house, tries to win Stand
lsh ovor, and falling, threatens to dig
Into his past Jim Blake finds out about
the episode of five years hack at the
northern -few York hotel. He securos all
the facts Except the name of the Woman
an J proposes 'lo use the story, as a club
to force Standlsh to allow the Mulllns bill
to pass,-Tom Blokd and his father have a
family row over the father's political the
ories. Jim Blake lays a trap to secure
the name of the Woman. Ha tells Miss
Kelly that ho Is going to have a talk with
Btandlsh, and (hat at Its conclusion the lat
ter will call up a number on the telephone
to warn the Woman. He offers Miss Kelly
JIM for that number. At the conclusion
of the Intervlow with Blake, Standlsh
gets a New York wire and calls I'laza
1001. A few minutes later Robertson tells
Miss Kelly to call Plaza 1001 and get his
wife or one of the servants on the phone.
Miss Kelly refuses to give Jim Blake the
number called by Standlsh.
"Well," answered Tom, 'trying not
to show his irritation at Stake's tone.
"I tho fact Is I want to get mar
"Tho blazes you dot Is that a boast
or a confession?"
"I don't quite understand you," said
-"I mean," began bis father, "I mean
oh, never mind all that. Who's tho
"Before I tell you," evaded Tom, "I'd
nice to get your views on tho proposi
tion In goneral."
"In general ?'" repeated Blake, ''Son,
marriage Is never a proposition In
.general J Because every woman Is an
roxceptlon" that" proves no rule. You
can't classify 'em any more than you
can classify a nest of hornets that
you happen to step into. Hell's full of
women, Bo's Heaven, I guess. But
neither class got to either placo by
following any 'proposition In general.'
Tell me," ho demanded, his philosoph
ical mood changing in a flash to one
of almost sayage lntentnoss, "is this
girl the sort who can help you In get
ting where I want to put you?"
"How can I tell? You've never told
me just where you lntendod to put
"Then L'll tell you now. There's no
real-need In-youn-fialllug any farther
,aaer sealed. orders. I've made you a
prettyfair lawyer. , You'll have one
more term aa assistant district attor
ney. Then one an district attorney.
Then, as attorney-general. After that
a, term or two In the cablnot Just to
get tho run of things"
."There's only ono thing left," said
Tom, almost In awe, as his father lies
"Yes?" replied Blako grimly. 'Well,
maybq that won't be loft when we got
through. Now you can see why the
girl must bo of good family and havo
octal position and breeding and all
that kind of thing. Thoso are tho
things I'm shy on. And my children
must make It up for mo. This girl
you want to marry can she help you?
Can you take'her with you- right up
to the White .House?" '"
"I .don't know," returned Tom.
"You tee, rveaaaver thought of her as
a political asset.' Happiness meant a
good deal mora to me' than position.
I've already.W her," I"
"Told Bar so? Then then, you've
asked 'her to marry lyou?" -
"She's refused me so far."
"Weill" grinned Blake, vastly re
lieved. "That's far enough I guess.
Don't go overplaying your luck."
- "I'm-golng-to-stlck at it till I win
out!" declared Tom. ''And I'm " '
"Ho, no! Don't do a crazy thing llko
that, son," pleaded Blake(v"Take your
medicine like a man: Don't keep on
pestering the poor girl By-the way,
70U haven't told me who shaJs."'
"She's" faltered Tom; then, tak
ing the plunge, he blurted out: "sbo's
"Kelly?" repeated Blake, mystified.
"Yes. Wanda Kelly, tho jAono operator-
"What?" exploded Blako.
Then he collapsed In 'tho noarest
chair and stared in blank helplessness
at his son,'
WelUTdemanded Tom, instantly on
"It's It's a bum Joke," growled
Blake' "Maybe it'd go better with the
banjo. Stop guying me, boy, and tell
me who the girl really Is."
MUCH GOOD IN HEARTY.LAUGH
It Promotes the Circulation of Blood
In tho Carotid Arteries and Con
tracts the Muscles.
A British scientist who has been
making a study of laughter boa pre
pared a list of things that happen
when a person gives away to audible
laughter. On each side of tho throat,
he explains, thero Is an artery call
ed the carotid. At the level of tho
larynx this divides; one branch, which
carries blood to the brain, is called
the "internal;" the othor, which per
forms the duty of distributing bloqd
to tho face, is called the "oxtenial."
. , , These two branches are joined by tho
" ophthalmic artery at about tho leyel
of the eyes, forming between the eyes
a sort of canal,
; All this In turn brings the tears of
i-Z silfWWv, and makes literal, the ex
f" T'aaMkle, "He laughed until he
eria4.' It Is this communication, that
c-lartfcreu of the close connection
fcatwam Um brain tid the tear glands,
an4 raally aats the" sane lu grief as
H suiftfater. tW'lin but little stiff.
"d WW J
Mjusirdted wth imtopfcm me Hay
snd Drawing? & kiJ5tem&
"I told you," repeated Tim. "She
Is Wanda Kelly."
Thero was a dead pauso. Blakd at
last broko It
"There's about forty-flvo million
women In tho United States," ho mut
tered dazedly, "and out of that whole
lot, you had to go and and fall in love
"What's your objection?" brlBtlod
Tom. "You don't oven know hor, yet."
"I don't, hoy 7" retorted Blako.
Then, checking tho impulse to tell
his son tho story of his verbal tilt
with Wanda, ho added: ,
"Mayno I don't. But I know her
kind. She's after a rich man's son.
She's an easy-mark hunter. And she's
found one all right, all right"
"That's absurd. You don't know"
"Absurd or not," snapped Blako, "It's
got to stop short! I'msnot going to
lot you throw yourself ttway on a girl
like that. If it comes to a show-down,
I'll withdraw my support from you.
And then what can you do? Hoy? An
swer me that. Here I've given you
tho softest snap thero Is a big salary
for loafing around an office a few
hours a week. How much could you
make by your own law practlce.lt once
I tako my hand from under you?
You haven't got an oarnlng ability of a
thousand dollars a year. And you
know it Stipposo I try that; and sec
if she's so blooming anxious, then, to
"I understand," said Tom bitterly.
But you're wrong. I didn't ask your
consent I Just told you what my
plana are. That's all."
"It's enough, I guess,"
"Look hero, dad. You spoko Just
now of coming to a show-down. Also
you claim I'm no good without your
backing. If I can't mako a living on
my own hook, It's high time for mo to
begin to learn how. If all the educa
tion nnd money and training you'vo
spent 011 mo have fitted mo for noth
ing except to be a political catspaw
for you, it's time I started along a
fresh lino. You'vo outlined my posi
tion pretty clearly. And I'm going to
mako my own way with tho girl I
mean to marry."
"Oh, you poor wnll-eyed fool!" sigh
"If I'm a fool," flared Tom, "I in
"Of all tho senseless come-backs I
over heard," commented Blako dis
gustedly, "that's about the flatest and
silliest However, we understand oach
othor at last-"
"I suppose," broko In Tom, with
sulky contrition, "I needn't havo said
that I'm sorry."
"You needn't be. Maybe you wore
right. Perhaps it wasn't such a punk
come-back aftor all. But, of course
it's tough for a man tojsoo his only
son throw himself nway on a "
"Steady, dad I I won't stand for that
sort of talk about her. Not oven from
"Whether I say It or not," grumblod
Blake, "you know what I think. So
what's the difference?"
"Whea you change your mind," an
swered Tom, fighting hotly for solf
control, "you'll havo less to tako
Ho Jammed on his hat, flung open
the door and confronted a man and
a woman who wore entering.
The woman tall, slender, strikingly
handsome darted forward to whoro
Jim Blako stood scowling at his son.
And at sight of hor tho scowl changed
to a light that few men had seen or
suspected in tho grim old politician's
"Hello, Grace!" he exclaimed In de
light "Gee, but you come like a bunch
of sunshine after a Welsh-rabbit night
mare 1 Stand still and let's look at
you! No, don't waste time kissing
Tom. He's got other people to kiss."
fore the. Storm.
"It's good To get a welcome at last"
laughed Oraco. ''Mark's been, aa cross
as a bear."
"I haven't declared RobertJOtt,
"You hayej" sho Insisted. "And Just
becauso tho train was a few minutes
late. Oh, well a fow hours, then.
When I got In you were stamping up
and down tho platform surrounded by
a blue haze; like AJax defying the
railroad. Really, I waa ashamed of
you.--it it-hadn't, been for the lovely
flowers you got mo ",
"What was tho delay?" asked Blako.
"I don't know," sho answered, laying
aside her wraps with Robertson's awk
ward It eager aid. "Tho ongtno mado
too strenuous an effort to got out of
Baltimore. And It broko down. How
are you, dad?"
"Oh," gruntod Blako, "as well as a
man may hopo to bo who never can
forenco in tho physical results be
tween Joy and sorrow.
In reality laughter is not an easy
thing. It results In a great, although
Involuntary, effort an offort as groat
as though ono wore lifting a great
wolght and In both caHos tho muscles
of both tho' throat and stomach con
tract. Now, whon laughter Ib very hearty,
when It Is actually oxcoBsJve. the
wholo body Is convulsod, and this
means that overy musclo 1b contract
ed. Hero 1b whoro pooplo "doublo up"
wim lauguier. Whothor It 1b laugh
tor or crying, tho same thing hap
pons, if it 1b an oxccbbIvo omotlon
thnt Is, tho blood congests the tear
glands, and thoso glands ovorilow,
forcing out tho tears.
Cheap Shirts In China.
Chlneso and JapaneBo shirt material
is cheap and attractive, and the low
price of labor enables the native tail
ors to place excellent shirts on tho
market at most reasonable prices and
to .make them to order. To Illustrate
the low cost of labor I will give a
specific instaaee. which is 'interesting
hope to mako himself worthy of such
n wonderful son. I "
"Tom!" cried Grace in Jolly reproof.
"Thoro's been another explosion I
What was it, this time? Tell mel"
"Politics," answered Hloko before
Tom could speak. "I'm a wicked, hope
loss, corrupt old guy. And Tom's just
discovered It for tho thousandth
time. It's hurt his feeling somothlng
"Why do you boys quarrel so fool
ishly?" she domanded. "Neither of
you over quarrels with mo. I'm going
to be an arbitration committee and a
dovo of peace, all in ono, and Bottio
your grievances when I get time."
"And, speaking of time," put in
Mark, "I ought to bo at tho Capitol
this very minute. Coming?'' ho asked,
turning to Blake and Tom.
"In a llttlo whllo," said Blake. "You
two run on. I want to speak to
Tom led tho way from tho room.
Mark, following, paused an Instant on
"By tho way, Grace," ho called, over
his shoulder, "we'vo asked Standlsh to
como here. It wouldn't do for us to
bo seen conferring with him at tho
Capitol or anywhere olso in public.
If he gets hero beforo we're back, ask
him to wait, won't you?"
His wife's back had been turned to
ward him and sho was leaning over a
tablo arranging flowers In a vaBO. Hor
voice as she replied was quite indif
ferent.' "Certainly," she agreed. "Confer
all night If you want ,to, so long as
you don't do It loudly enough to keep
Robertson closed the door, leaving
Oraco and her father alone together.
Noting Blake's scowl, she asked:
"How is the Mulllns fight coming
"Twenty-fourth round," he replied,
"Both men groggy."
"You'll win, though I' sho said; and
thoro was scarce a note of Interroga
tion in her voice.
"It's n way I'vo got," bluffed her fa
ther; loath that the 'daughter, whose
faith In his powers was so secure,
should know of the straits in which he
wan laboring. "Standlsh Is doing his
boat to block us. And he thinks he's
dona It A lot of other folks think so,
too. But I'm fixing up a mine to
spring under him tonight And after
the explosion I guess tho air will clear
for tho Mulllns bill. But that wasn't
what I wanted to speak to you about.
"Yes. Ho's In lovo."
"Is that all? Oh, I see. Tho quar
rel was about that He camo to you
for sympathy and "
"Girl, there's four things no man
can got sympathy for. I don't know
why, but he can't: having' his umbrella
stolen; getting his best hat sat on; a
toothacho; and falling In love. But It
happens. Tom didn't come looking for
sympathy. Ho just handed me an ul
timatum. And It didn't ultimate.
That's whoro I want you to holp mo."
"Who Is sho? Do I kijow hor?"
"You'vo probably seen hor hero at
tho Keswick, though I don't suppose
"What Was the Delay?" Asked Blake.
you've noticed her. You wouldn't bo
llkoly to. She's Wanda Kelly."
"Not the phono girl?" asked Graco in
"You win. Real nice, ain't It?
Makes an awful hit with mn nftnr nil
I've, done (tnd plnnnl for that hoy, to
nave mm tumble into an affair llko
"Don't worry 1" sho reassured him.
"Thoro are othor wavs of convincing n
man ospoclally a lovor than by
storming nt him. You know all about
politics, dad, and you can whip voters
and congressmen Into lino. But Tom
needs a different lino of attack. And
he's going to get it. From mo."
in this connection. A Chlneso gentle
man who droBses In foreign style had
a natlvo tailor como to his houao and
mnko shirts for him to ordor. The man
mado at loaBt ono shirt a day, and re
ceived 140 cash a day for his work
and his food In addition. As tho food
coat n.ot moro than 110 cash, the total
cost a day did not. exceed 250 cash,
which, nt tho present rato of oxchango,
.amounts to less than 10 cents Unltod
States currency. As tho shirta which
this man mndo are oxcollont In ovory
wny, thoro Ib llttlo Inducomont for tho
Chlnoso to buy ready mado shirts from
abroad, for similar arrangements can
bo mado In any part of China, the cost
Bad, Worse and Awful,
Within nn Inch of space In his latest
story, Bornard Capos treats us to
thoso threo comparisons;
"His face was as whlto aa a drained
"Ho gave a scream llko a runovor
"Ho staggered back with a sob that
was wrenched from him llko a hook
from a fish's throat"
awx A ,SJBSSSSSSSSSS
"Say!" ejaculated Blako. "You'vo
taken a three-ton load off my mind.
By tho way, do you know anything
about this Kelly girl7"
"I'vo spokeil to hor onco or twico.
What about her?"
"Sho Isn't a fool. Sho's rather prot
ty, too. She's got a strangle hold on
Tom, with tho idea that tho same
strangle hold will choko somo of my
ensh out of my pockot It won't. Toll
Tom so. So long! I'vo got to chaso
over to tho Capitol. We'll all be back
In a llttlo while for our confab with
Standlsh. you'll keep him hero If ho
comes beforo wo got back?"
"Yes," sho replied a llttlo wearily.
"I'll kcop him here."
The Forlorn Hope.
For a minute or so after her father
hnd left her, Grace Robertson busied
herself In laying away hor hat and
furs and In putting a stray feminine
touch hero and thero to various dotalls
of tho room's disarranged appoint
ments. But another woman could have
seon'how very mechanical all Grace's
movements were. At every step In tho
hall outside tho suite, she paused and
seemed to braco herself as for some
ordeal. When at last tho electric buz
zer announced a caller, she moved
with perfect calmness to tho door, as
though to admit a stranger. But at
sight of the figure on tho threshold
of the opened door, her hard-won com
posure changed to a frigid stiffness,
For the visitor was not Standlsh.
It was Wanda Kelly.
"May I come In, Mrs. Robertson?"
asked the girl nervously, glancing be-
nind her as sho spoke,
A cold inclination of the head gavo
tho desired permission. Wanda en
tored, looked about; then waited while
Grace closed the dbor.
" "You know mo?" asked the girl.
"I think so," roturncd Oracc, In no
measure unbending. "You are Miss
Kelly, aren't you? The phono girl
"Yes. I got one of tho boys to mind
tho switchboard whllo I camo up. Is
Ib any one In thoro?" sho -continued,
glancing toward tho door that led to
tho inner rooms of the suite.
"No one," said Grace. "Why do you
ask? Is your business with mo so
"Yes. So private that I don't know
how to 'begin."
She paused. Grace would glvo her
no assistance; but stood watching the
younger woman with tho air 'of one
who coolly waits for a doad-beat to
bring tho conversation to tho begging
"I don't know how to begin," Wan
da faltered onco moro.
"Indeed?" queried Grace.
"You haven't heard anything?"
asked Wanda. "They haven't told
you? Yqur father hasn't told you any
thing about me?"
"Ploaso bo more explicit."
"You havo heard!" exclaimed Wan
da. "And yet you can stand thero as
If nothing had happened."
"Nothing has happened that could
cause any of us real nervousness.
This boyish folly of my brother's "
"Your brother's?" echoed Wanda in
a bewilderment whose genuineness
Grace could not doubt "Havo they
dragged him into it, too?" '
"Miss Kelly," said Grace, "we seem
to be talking at cross-purposes. Will
you kindly como to tho point? What
Is It you think I havo or haven't
"About their Bchemo to wreck Mr.
The exclamation was out boforo
Grace was well aware of It. But she
managed, nono tho less, to givo the
quickly spoken words a turn of civil
Inquiry, nnd her face did not change1.
"Yes," hurried on Wandd. "They're
digging up the old 'scandal. They've
unearthed It all except the Woman's
namo. Thoy must get that before they
can go ahead. When they get that
name they'll uso the story to ruin him
"Yes?" returned Grace, her sweet
voice bare of emotion and her expres
sion ono of polite, boredom. "And why
should you come to me with this
story? I am not interested in tho
Boamy Bide of politics."
"Oh, all right," said Wanda despon
ently. "It that's the way you tako It,
it's no business of mine. But you'ro
Tom Blake'B sister and I couldn't let
you run Into the trap without warn
ing you. I've done It And I've been
called Impertinent for my pains. When
I first found out It was you who were
mixed up in tho case, I said to my
self: 'Let Jim Blako go ahead. Let
him hit out In tho dark at the Wom
an, and smash his own heart with the
blow. It'll be fair.' Then. I got to
thinking it over. And well, I found I
couldn't quite bring myself to pay off
my own) debts by spoiling another
woman's life. I guess I'd bo a failure
at politics," she ended with a llttlo
Inngh of self-disgust "That's all.
"And bo," said Grace slowly, "you
came to me Jul to help me? You
didn't think for an InBtant that, out
of gratitude, I might holp you?"
"Help me? How?"
"By making It easy for you to carry '
UGLINESS PUT TO ACCOUNT
English Club Admitted to Member
ship Only Those Whose Appearance
A century and a half ago Liverpool,
England, boasted an "Ugly Club,"
whoso motto waa "Tetrum anto omnia
voltum" an ugly face before all
things. The club mlnuto book covers
a period of 11 years. A member had
to bo a bachelor with "something odd.
remarkable, droll or out of tho way
In his phiz; as in tho length, breadth
or narrowness thereof, or In tho com
plexion, caBt of his eyes, or make of
his mouth, lips, chin, etc. of which
tho majority .of tho society are to
Judgo, tho president to havo a cast
ing vote." "lncs seem to havo been
tho chief sourco of tho club', rev
enue which was spent In food and
drink at tho Exchango coffee house,
where thoy met
On his admittance to tho "Ugly
Club" a short descriptive sketch of the
new member was entered in the min
ute book, and among them we find an
other claimant to the title of the
out your Idea of marrying my brother?
Perhaps by using this scandal story no
a thteat to forco me Into holptng you?"
Wnnda looked at her 'pr n full half
mlnuto In blank slleneo. Then, turn
ing to the door, sho said:
"I guess 1 was a fool to butt in."
"One moment!" interposed Grace;
adding, ns Wanda paused: "You you
mado certain Insinuations about mo.
Just now. You must prove them you
must glvo mo your reasons for tho
nbsurd supposition that I might know
anything. about this Standlsh scandal."
"Mrs. Robertson," replied Wanda,
her hand still on tho door-knob, "I'm
not In your class. I don't know Just
how women In your station off Ufa
manage such things. But it seems
rather tough thnt you can't find a way
to defend yourself without Insulting
me. Let thnt go. You want to "know
how I found out? Til tell you. Early
this ovenlng Mr. Standlsh learned of
this scheme to wreck him. Ho knows
the story couldn't bo used without tho
Woman's name. And Blako bluffed
him Into believing tho machine would
have the namo beforo midnight Mr.
Standlsh's first thought was to warn
t3d fv ill y Bs-
"Will Mr. Standlsh Explain to Your
Husband Why He Called You Up?"
tho Woman. Just ns Blake had known
It would be. He called up your house
In Now York "
"What of that? I was not at homo
this evening. I was on my way hero
"But Mr. Standlsh didn't know that"
"And," pursued Graco fiercely, "Just
because Mr. Standlsh chanced to call
up my husband's New York home,
you've evolved 'this insano theory.
What proof Is thore beyond your un
backed word that ho called up my
"The time-card at central. A list of
all calls Is forwarded every evening
to central and "
"That proves nothing!" declared
Graco. "Nothing at all. Oh, It's a pret
ty trick you'ro playing, Miss Kelly. A
very pretty trick. But It will fail. You
build it all on the statement that some
one called up tho house of Governor
Robertson. Fifty people call up our
house every day." And on the strength
of that, his wife la to bo involved In a
story of low Intrigue Oh, it's out
rageous!" "Will Mr. Standlsh explain to your
husband why ho called you up?"
"He didn't call me up. .Mr. Standlsh
could havo had nothing to say to me.
Ho'U deny every charge you. make.
And my word will be believed ahead of
a blackmailing phono girl's. I need
simply say you tried to gain my help
by means of threats to"
"You need simply say It? Will you
swear to it?"
"Yes!" flashed Grnco. "If the need
arises. A woman's reputation isn't de
stroyed so easily as you seem to think,
"And the country hotel proprietor?"
askod Wanda. "I forgot to say they've
sent for him. He can identify the
Woman who was registered as 'Mrs.
Fowler' He "
"Do you suppose, for one moment"
said Grace, white to the lips, "that my
husband would subject me to the In
dignity of being looked over like a
common criminal? I need only tell
the truth deny the whole malicious
lie and "
"Oh!" broke in Wanda, with reluct
ant admiration, "you're brave, Mrs.
Robertson! As brave as they make
them. You're putting up a glorious
fight And I can't help liking you for
it Because I know behind the brave
front you're sick with fear."
"I know it. And believe me or not
you've got me sized up all wrong.
I I'm not going to marry your broth
er. But I don't want to see his sister
get Into this mess. Why don't ydu
(TO BE CONTINUED.)
No Uniform Weight for Salt.
Tho weight of a bushel of salt as
established by tho different states,
varies from fifty to eight pounds.
ugliest man on earth In "Jos. Farmer,
merchant," whose description reads as
follows: "Llttlo eyes, one bigger than
yo other; long nose; thin lanthorn
Jaws, large upper lip; mouth from
ear to ear, resombllng a shark's; a
rotten sett of Irregular teotl? which are
sot off at great advantngo by frequont
laughing; his visage long and narrow;
his looks upon tho whole' extraordi
nary, haggard, odd, comic and out-of-yo-way,
In short, possessed of every
extraordinary qualification to render
him the phoenix of yo society, as tho
llko won't appear again this 1,000
A buxom farm lass woj recently
called as a witness In caee in a
Yorkshire (Eng.l county court. The
girl happened to mention that her
sweetheart knew somothlng about tho
matter. "Oh," said tho Judge, "then I
think wo bad better call him to court I M
Tho girl blushed furiously. "It won't
bo any good, sir," she protested. "Ah'm
fair put to It to get him to court whea
we're alone, an Ah'm aure he won't 4
It before all you gentlemeaJ"
LITTLE THINGS COUNT
English Farmer Profits by Keep
ing Detailed Records. '
Ram Is Kept Separate Until Ewes Are
Gathered for Inspection, Thereby
Avoiding All Over-Exertion In
Running Around. -
(By E. H. JAYNES.)
Nothing is more dlecouraglng than
a lot of lamba of various ages, uneven
in size, running with a flock of ewes
that would, had they been given the
opportunity, havo lambed at tho same
period. For the post month or two
the ram should havo been In a lot by
himself and eating al the nlco Juicy
grass he desired.
The value of such a grass plot can
hardly bo over-estimated. It gives
the ram a tender bit of picking, caus
ing him to tako sufficient exercise to
keep him in the best of trim.
Supplement this with nn abundanco
of fresh water, a little salt and a trifle
of oats, and we havo a combination
guaranteed to glvo resultB In tho lino
of a big, strong, vigorous sire.
A practlco that Is common with
English breeders and which our
farmers must eventually follow Is the
hard coupling of ram and ewes.
The American farmer turns his ram
with the ewes and trusts to luck to
bring him a good crop. Ho does not
know whether tho ram is safely set
tling the ewes or .not
Too often the ram abuses himself,
to the detriment of tho latter part of
tho crop. Then, too, the exertion from
running around, bb a ram in a bunch
of ewes usually does, undermines his
Compare this with your English
farmer . Tho ram Is kept to himself
all the time except when ho is led
out to the ewes. He gets his allowance
of grain and his bite of grass, no mat
ter how hard pressed tho farmer Is
tor feed, for ho knows too well that a
handful of grain given to tho ram Is
as good as ono given to each olT'the
When evening comes, tho farmer
leads his ram out to where the ewes
are gathored for the Inspection .of tho
ram. Tho lead is loosened from his
halter and he quietly proceeds to In-
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$H IK- it; Yi Vft,
A Prize Winner.
spect the flock. One Is found in heat,
she is served and the shepherd quietly
removes her while the ram continues
When all has been served the ram
is removed and a record is made of
the ewes bred, tho date and anything
else that may be needful.
Tho pure bred owner takes the ear
tag number of his ewo and her date
of breeding is put down on his flock
record. Tho grado sh'ocp owner
marks his ewes in some conspicuous
For instance, the first week ho uses
red paint placed on the hip, the sec
ond week on tho back, the third on the
shoulder, etc. Different colors of paints
being used, if possible to know by the
mark on her back just when she will
When lambing time approaches
thero is no question about when a
ewe should lamb. He has the records.
A glance and he has the whole story
before him. A sharp contrast to the
former who has to "tell by guess"
about when a ewe is to Iamb, and who
consequently looses a high per cent
of his crop.
Is it too much trouble to do this?
Is It too much trouble to get your corn
planted or to harvest your oats when
Your lambing season Is your' har
vest, It awaits you, but the time of
harvesting (giving birth to lambs) Is
uncertain, unless you know by your
records when to expect it.
Brother farmer, it is these little
things that count They mark the
difference between the progressive
farmer and the shiftless or Indifferent,
between tho business farmer and the
work horso kind, between the money
maker and the loser, between success
and failure. We are all of us elthor
one or the other.
Rot of Tomatoes.
This disease often attacks plants
that are not sprayed. It Is first no
ticeable as small, black or brown spots
on tho leaves or stems of the plants,
occurring first on tho lower and oldor
leaves; but with favorable weather it
spreads rapidly until the plant is de
foliated, and the spots on the stems
have coalesced into irregular, blackish
patches. If a piece of bark with these
spots be examined undor a high power
microscope, innumerable small, crescent-shaped
bodies may be seen.
These nro the fruiting spores of the
fungus. Spray with Bordeaux mixture.
At tho Maine experiment station, thoy
select tho good layers by picking up
tho pullets which soonest show red
combs and begin to sing, as pullets do
when getting ready to lay, and put
ting them in a flock by themselves.
By picking out theso early layers they
got a flock which averaged 180 eggs
during their first laying year and a
flock of that kind is good enough for
Keep Drainage Grades Even.
In laying tllo bo sure tho grado Is
made oven onough so that the water
can flow through at a uniform rate.
This prevents sediment from being de
posited, as will happen when a flat
grade follows a steep one. Be sura
tho bottom of the ditch is perfectly
tr r1YiT"ssiH"rt 1 11 ' r !.--,v.:.v-i
HOW ONION SMUT IS SPREAD
Disease Is Conveyed From Field to
Field on Farm Implements One
Hemedy Used by Growers.
During tho last flvo years this dls
easo has-spfead rapidly, the smut prob
ably being conveyed from flold to Hold
upon farm implements and with ma
nure containing smutted onion refuse
nB discarded onions aro usually de
posited Unon mnnura nlloo tn ann.
sections th losses resulting from this
tungus nave been so great that1 tho
growers, in somo oasea, no longer find
tho crop profitable
Tho severity of tho disease In dif
ferent localities is variable. It ap
pears at first In isolated spots here
and there in "a field, and from theso
spreads in all directions until tho
wholo piece becomes affected, and tho
cultivation of onions upon It has to
be discontinued. Short rotations do
not materially diminish the amount of
smut; In a particular field badly
smutted the order of planting had
been clovor for two years, corn ono
year. A five-year rotation will not,
from tho experience of growers, elim
inate the disease.
It appears reasonably certain that
the disease ie not generally spread by
tho seed. It may, howoyer, occasion,
ally be introduced with seed from an
Infected locality. It Is also certain
that the smut is spread with plows,
weeders, harrows, rakes and hoes, by
spores clinging with Infected earth to
When" soil Is known to be affected
one pound Aof 40 por cent, formalde
hyde to 25-33 gallons of- water should
bo applied with a drip attachment on
a seed drill at tho rato of BOO to 700
gallons of solution per acre. This
has been used with success by sev
eral large growers. In one Instance
tho treated part of a field yielded over
BOO bushels per acre, while the un
treated plot yielded only about 100
Dusneis or inferior onlone to the acrv
FARM MANAGER IS VALUABLE .
Splendid Opportunity Offered for College-Trained
Men, With 8elentlflc
' Knowledge of Farm.
(By WILLIAM A. PREEHOFP.)
The other day I ran across a btml
jiess man who owned a 700-acro farm.
Ho was. looking for a3nanager.
"I was paying m last ono $3,000 a
year," he explained, "but ho wasn't a
big enough man for tho job. I want a
?5,000 man now."
This farm hnd many departments,
such as horse, dairy, fruit, vegetables,
hogs and several others, a foreman
being placed at tho head of each do- x.
partment. ' x
Tho equipment was of the bests Tho
buildings were scarcely to bo equaled
In the state. It was a farm on which
good work could be done. .
Still, the owner did not particularly
care to make money on the placo. Ho
was rich enough as It was. His es
tablishing of a 20-acro lawn was suf
ficient evidence for that
"I want things different," he con
tinued In his explanation. "For In
stance, I havo ordered tho horticul
turist to pay no attention to the com
mon commercial apples. I want ap
ples on my .farm I am not able tobuy
on the open market."
This tho keynoto of the management
of such a farm. All the work la ex-w
perlmental; everything goes to satis- .
1 uio vnuci a vu.u
There are hundreds of such farms
being layed every year. There would
be more but for the fact that capable
managers are not to be had.
A splendid opportunity for college
trained men, with a scientific knowl
edge of farming, is thus opened. But
It requires men with a good deal ot
tact to handle a dozen foremen who
aro also college graduates.
These men will havo a chance to do
much individual work; they may apply
their knowledgo to' the utmost
Scarcely restricted by the lack of
fundB, and not under the necessity of
making tho farm as a whole pay large
dividends, they may dovote their tlmo
to breeding up herds, grains and fruits.
Small Fruit Matters.
During the fall and winter Is a good
tlmo to begin preparation for the set
ting of tho strawberry bed next
spring, or thoso bush fruits that
should be found In every garden.
Lato fall plowing is advantageous. It
tends to tho destruction of insect lite.
Fall plowed land Is, as a rule, In a
workable condition In the spring
ahead of unplowed land.
The action of tho elements will
mako tho soil more frlablo. Because
of these two points gained, the mois
ture, contents and conserving power
of tho soil will bo Increased.
Protection From Rabbits.
Young applo trees can be easily pro
tected from rabbits and mice by strips
of wire netting. Theso may bo rolled
around a broom handlo to mako them
cylindrical and thus keep their shape
when sprung on tho trunks. Netting
24 Inches wide is largo onough. If
tho netting Is galvanized and It tho
strips aro mado largo enough to allow
for four or flvo years' growth, no fur
ther attention need bo given tho trees
after onco inclosed. The coBt is only
a few cents, but this is insurance, as
tho tlmo lost in replacing a treo is to
be considered. v
Heavy Producing Oats.
In somo Ontario experiments the
varieties of oats producing an average
yield of -more than 90 bushels an acre,
based on the results of five years, are
Banner, New Zealand, Yellow Russiaa
and Peerless, Scarboro produced tHa
largest yield of straw, being IM toM
an acre. , t ,