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DEMAND FOR HEAVY HORSES CONTINUES
GOOD AT ALMOST PROHIBITIVE PRICES
Enormous, Number of Auto-Trucks Not Crowding Animals Out of
Business as Many Are Led to Believe Number Increas
ed From 13,000,000 to 21,000,000 in Decade.
HEAD OF WOMEN'S FEDERATED CLUBS
Stock Uko cowpeas.
Pack all fruit cnrefully.
Take good caro of helfcre.
Manuro tho garden In the fall.
Put tho machinery undor cover.
"Tho prop of tho dnlry" a well
Glvo tho weanling coltB all tho oatB
they will eat.
The hen that fattens readily Is usu
ally not a good layer.
An ounce of salt to a pound of but
ter Is about tho right average.
Gather your vegetables before heavy
frosts and Btorc In aultablo places.
Cuts, lacerations and bruises are
treated In- tho cow the same as in
Sweet clover is -ono of tho most
nlunblo crops for Improving run
After tho haying and harvesting are
completed, change tho sheep from the
The owe flock should be run through
tho mill and culled Just as the wheat
Is before sowing.
Dusty feeding places nre very in
jurious, and lack of sunshine for
early pigs is detrimental.
Somehow tho poultry yard seems
to bo the very Inst place that reforms
in stock breeding tako place.
The ideal time for picking apples
is a matter that must bo sottled to a
large degreo by tho Individual.
A liberal banking of sheds on the
north sido will prove a boon to the
cows when the cold weather conies.
At this season of the year with tho
corring of tho fall rains, a dry shel
ter should be provided for the sheep.
The valuo of livestock on the farm
for turning low-priced products into
good money has nover been thorough
Fall plowing usually produces a bet
ter corn crop than spring plowing,
the ground being mellowed by tho
frost and rain.
It is said by observers that a hog
roots in tho ground for alkali which
it finds in tho soil and which aids
him in digestion.
Let tho hogs husk their own corn.
Corn and soy beans, corn and rape, or
corn and pumpkins, will produce pork
for $3 per cwt. or less.
Fall is a better time to manure the
garden or potato patch than spring.
The richness has timo to soak into
tho soil during tho winter.
Don't leavo any rotten fruit lying
around in the orchard for the insect
pests to harbor in this winter and
hatch their young out next spring
Ono lesson that short hay crops
have taught us is that a crop of hay
can be raised along tho roadside
whero weeds had thoir homo before.
Tho dairyman who is trying, with
dry feed, to compete with the man
with a silo, might as well make up
his mind to get a silo next summer.
Rub the cow'b udder with a dnmp
cloth before milking. We would dis
cbarge a milker whom wo caught wot
ting tho teats with milk drawn into
Fruit picking must bo done care
fully, as all bruised fruit quickly de
cays. Do not leave any decayed
fruit on the trees or lying around on
Cattle uniformly of the same color
and general conformation make a
much better appearance in tho pus
turo fields or in the farm yard thnn
those of grout variety of colors and
It 1b alwayB best to give slop or
drink of any kind to hogs bofore they
have tz their feed of grain. When
cold weather sots in It Is better yet if
tho slop can bo warmod. Ice cold
slop does not do hogs much good In
very cold weather
Some farmers have so much to do
that manuro lies around their yards
fiom year to year, Just naturally rot
ting down whero it does harm instead
of good. What is the uso of mapping
out so much to do that often that
which is most profitable has to bo
Gecso nro oasy to rniso
A bono cutter Is cssontlaL
Protect young fruit trees.
Sell all the superfluous cockerels.
Good fences help mako good neigh
bors. Englishmen cat, on an average, 95
eggs a year.
Study individual tastes In tho cows,
and feed accordingly.
Australia raises nearly 10,000,000
acreB of wheat a year.
To most farmers tho old cow looks
better than alio used to.
Better three good cows any time
than a half dozen scrubs.
High feeding, unless tho horso Is
used ovory day Is a positive injury.
Keep tho slro in servlco Just ae
long ns Improvement follows his use.
A little green corn In tho stalk oc
casionally will bo relished by tho
Regularity In milking hours means
more milk In tho pall with tho samo
The fall-plowed land should not bo
worked, but should bo loft rough over
Tho onion crop in Texns was so
largo this year that It barely paid ex
penses. Better than saving tho largest pota
toes is to savo tho Beed from the most
The yellow condition of tho alfalfa
Indicates that 4t lias not received suf
If your garden is too wet nt times
remember that fall Is a good time to
put In tho drains.
If alfalfa or clover will not thrive In
your climate or soil It Is pretty cer
tain cowpeas will
Hairy or winter vetch may b' sown
in tho fall, and will be a very useful
early spring forage. !
Glvo tho wethers extra grain and
send them to market beforo the pas
ture Is dried and short.
If the pigs aro thrifty and doing
well that 'is good evidenco that they
are being pretty well fed.
If you are tired of making milk on
high-priced mill feed why not try nl
falfa, clover or cowpeas next year?
Savo tho wood ashes during the
romlng winter and you will have the
beat kind of fertilizer for the orchard.
Many a new and valuable imple
ment is left out all winter more
through carelessness than anything
Close housing and bad ventilation in
tho cow stable aro favorable con
ditions for starting tuberculosis In a
Good breeding and good feeding are
so closely related that they must go
together, one Is useless without the
If sheep are In a good thrifty con
dition at the start two months of
good feeding will properly fatten for
Why not lay by the returns from
tho next few dozen eggs and buy a
bono cutter? It will pay for Itself In
one winter's time.
A horso may be sound in every par
ticular but If he has not a level head
he Is never a pleasant horse and
rarely a valuable one.
A Bpool of copper wiro will come in
handy for repairing all sorts of Bmall
breaks. Even common baling wiro
finds hundreds of uses
With beef prices soaring, tho temp
tation to sell dairy heifer calves for
veal is strong, but the forealghtcd
dairyman does not think of giving in
Apples have been found to keep
better If well colored and ripened,
though not overripe. Picking should
not be delayed till this fruit com
mences to fall
Ensilage cannot be destroyed by
fire and Is the beBt feed produced on
tho farm for the cow In milk. Tho
dairyman who doeB not build a bIIo
Is wasting part of his profits.
Foddpr that Is somewhat green
when cut should bo left very lightly
tied In tho shock for a day or two In
order that It may cMre out before bo
lng tied and bound tightly together
A good Balve tor all kinds of sores
on man or boaBt, sore neck on horses
or shoulders Is made by taking equal
parts of lard and bees-wax, melt and
ndd half as much turpentlno to rtio
No breed of farm stock Is so highly
developed that It can, be kept at a
high standard without careful seleo
tl)n and culling. The fact thut stock
has attained a high piano Is mlilenco
of selection that must be continued,
Hy JOS1UMI MONTOOMIHtV. Secretary
of MlnncHotu Stallion Hi'Klstratlon
Never in tho history of tho draft
horso has tho futuro uppeared so
promising to breeders as now, despite
tho statements of n leading speaker
u.V the annual' meeting of the Stnto
Veterinarians' association nt Minne
apolis that tho automobllo and auto
truck wero driving It out of busi
ness. There Is no reason, In the light
of statistics, why tho doom of the
draft horso should bo Bpolled by the
Though the enormous number of
auto-trucks in tho cities might lend
ono to believe that they wore crowd
ing the draft horso out of business,
actual figures do not provo It. Sta
tistics in tho office of tho Minnesota
stullion registration board show that
tho number of sires used in this stato
for horse-breeding has increased from
3,544, May 1. 1910, to 4.445, May 1,
1912. During tho same period tho
number of registered draft sires has
increased 35 per cent, thero now bo
lng over 1,450 In Minnesota. Tills is
an excellent guide to conditions of
tho Industry In this stato and through,
out the country.
Never In tho history of the Chicago
nnd St Louis markets, tho two larg
est ones In the United States, has
tho demand been ho keen or the
prices so high for high class horses
of all sypes, especially the superior
draft type. Statistics from tho U. S.
bureau of animal Industry show that
tho riumber of horseB In this country
has increased from 13,500,000 to 21,
500,000 in tho past decado. Tho valuo
oi all horses in this country has In
creased from $45 to $115 in tho saino
period. This has occurred despite
tho Increase in tho uso of automo
biles. First class draft horses have been
almost prohibitive in prico this year,
because of tho great demand for them,
and a team of drafters has often
sold as high ns $800 to $1,000. Tho
demand for high class snddlo and
carrlago horses in tho eastern cities
has been so great that their prices
have been almost prohibitive to
many who can nlford automobiles.
All this should bo very encourag
ing to persons in the United States
Interested In horse-breeding. When
horses have Increased at so rapid a
rate tho last two years, and prices
PEKIN DUCKS ARE
My market ducklings aro all raised
from White Pckln ducks, which havo
the range of a half ucre five durUs to
one drake, says a writer In tho Poul
try Journal' I use hens for mothers,
setting tho eggs about Februatj 1. I
soil them at ten weeks old, when thoy
weigh from five to six pounds and
securo 14 to 1G cents a pound live
weight. When the ducklings an- first
hatched I keep them In small quar
tern and feed about six times a day,
giving mixed feed, a little cornmcal,
cut clover and plenty of sand after
tho first week, about four times a
day. At six weeks I give them all
they will eat of clean, mixed feod, corn
meal, clover, with fresh meat from a
rondlng place. I feed two quarts of
meat, with plent) of sand, to 25 duck
llngB. The little fellow h got fed every
Jzi' " ,
on Any Parm.
have kopt soaring In sptlo of the In
creano, thero 1b no reason to bollovo
that tho nutomobllo will ovor drive
them out of business. Instead of tho
automobllo causing n scarcity of
horses, it would bo nioro rensonablcy
to say that tho scarcity of horses has
caused tho tomporary advent of tho
nutomobllo and nuto-truck.
Farmers in Minnesota need not
fear to grow moro horBos. If they aro
largo, sound, nnd serviceable, they
will nlways domnnd tho highest
prices. Tho horso Industry Is found
ed on a permanent basis, and hns no
reason to conflict with tho automobllo
Industry In nny way.
FREE FROM LICE
Recipe for Making Ointment Rec
ommended by Prof. Graham
Also Kills Fleas.
What many breeders consider bet
ter than powdor for killing llco nnd
mites is nn ointment recommended
by Professor W. It. Grnham of
Guelph, Canada, ono who has mndo
a life study of poultry In tho Domin
ion. It is composed as follows: Mercury,
50 partB; lard, 25 parts; boof suet,
23 parts; oleato of morcury, 2 parts,
Tho suet, if bought from tho butcher,
will havo to ho rendered over a fire
and poured into tho lard whllo It Is
warm, and then stir In tho mercury
and oleato of morcury. Uso a
tnblo knlfo or spoon to do tho
stirring. Do not put hnuds Into
It, Should It provo too stiff to
easily apply as an ointment, thin with
a little cotton seed oil. All Ingredi
ents should bo weighed rather than
measured. Put It away In small vas
eline bottles or boxes well covered, nnd
It will keep for months. This ointment
will rid polutry of hend lice and Texas
fleas. For other mlteB and llco rub It
In well about tho fluff below the vent
and undor tho wings. It will not only
kill tho live vermin, but destroy tho
nits as well.
It Is a valuable thing for turkey rals
crs to uso on tho old and tho young.
time they open their mouths, nnd be
gin to walk around. When they nro
filled up they Bit down and grow fat.
My experience Is at eight or nine
weeks to give them nil thoy can oat. I
also feed green stuff us soon as It
grows. Tho bulk of my feed tho last
week la ment und sand; all tho meat
they will oat. Tho man 1 sell to snys
my duckB beat all ho boos; tho moat
Ib what does tho work. Grain can't
touch It. Pure water Is essentlul In
duck raising, and good yurds, moved
often in warm weather, as thoy aro
apt to Hour. I feed all tho Band I can
mix In, keeping tho ducklings quiet,
and do mlt allow much exercise. All
my ducks nro sold live weight; It Is
Just as profitable as the other wny.
and less trouble to handle thorn In
pulsory. They work because hard practical necessity compels them.
It 1b almost Impossible- to cstimato tho nunibor of women In tho second
class. Thoy aro In ovory city nnd village From the richest woman In tho
metropolis who Is using her wealth to allovlato tho hardships 'of overbur
dened girls to the poor woman In tho small hamlet who IuhIsIh that tho vil
lage constable shall keep children out of tho ono pool room.
The third class form tho majority of tho club womon Thero aro nboutj
eight hundred thousand club members in the United States.
SIR GEORGE ALARMED
Anglo-American amity means world
supremacy or thoso two nations, a-c
cording to the opinion expressed by
Sir George Hold, high commissioner
for Australia at tho British capital,
in nn Intcrvlow given out tho other
day. With a rupturo of tho friend
ship between tho United States and
Grent Britain nnd ho sees no Indi
cation of unpleasantness other pow
ers might seek to chango tho balance
of power, tho commissioner Bnld. .
Sir Goorgo and Lady Hold havo
Just finished n tour of tho Unltod
States that extended over several
weeks. Of course, he 1b duly Im
pressed with tho romnrkablo growth
of American industries nnd American
fortunes. But, do you know, Sir
Gcorgo actually thought at ono tlmo
that tho bnlly American foundation
wasn't solid Ho says so himself.
"To ono who lives ns far from
tho United States as I do your tre
mendous strldeH and development appear so rapid that it Is hard to boliovo
they aro built on a Bolld foundation. Ono fools that tho bubble must burni
Bomo day. But my visit linn convinced me that you havo bulldcd solidly
and that Impression of which I spoko has boon entirely dissipated "
Sir George also gavo an interesting original expression of opinion nbout)
the Ilttlo unpIeaBnntnoBB botweon tho American colonies nnd England in 1770J
"I wish to emphasize," ho declared, "that thero nover was a war botwoeul
tho people of Great Britain and tho pooplo of tho United Stntcn. At tlioj
tlmo of tho war with tho Amorlcnn colonies It was not tho people of England
who brought about tho strlfo. The peoplo had really no volco In tho mattor.
Tho king was Influenced by bnd advisers, and tho people really had no nay,
In tho matter."
DR. PAGE MADE BISHOP OF NEW MEXICO
graduated from Hnrvard with a degreo of bachelor of arts In 1888, In 1801
he recolved the degree of bacholor of divinity from tho Episcopal Theological
seminary nt Cambridge. Mass. In 1000 ho waq awarded tho honprary dogroo
of doctor of divinity by the University of Pittsburgh.
JILTS A PRINCE TO WED AN AMERICAN
Tho engagement of Miss Kathar
ine Brltton, who, it Is reported, Jilted
a prince to wed E II. Unrrlmun'B son.
Averlll, Is expected to he announced
shortly Young Hnrrimnn will In
herlt much of the millions left bj his
father, nnd Mlsn Brltton. ns the
dnughter of Mr aim Mrs Alexander
Brltton, will coraft nto a largo for
tune. Miss Brltton hpent the summer In
Europe and nt Nnrragansett Pier
She won fame In social circles nt tho
national capital last winter by appear
ing at a dnnce with a golden snnkn
twined about her corsago The effect
was so lifelike that It startled tho
guests until tho wearer assured them
it was mado of Jowels. As a de
votee of aviation, she has also gained
some prominence. hating mndo sev
eral flights on the speedway with
At the tlmo or Miss llrltton's
debut, several years ago, bIio was a
member of the cxcIubIvo coterie of dobutantes known au tho "Big Six."
When Prince Koutncheff of the husslan embassy wub transferred re
cently to another post it was reported that (.he had given him bio "walking
Mrs. Penny bneker, a picture of
whom 1b horowlth presented, was re
cently clcctod presldont of tho Fodcr
ntlon of Women's Clubs. It In said
to bo her Idoa that women, whoso
activities aro directed to nffalra out
side their homo clrclou, consist ol
threo classes: First, thoso who work
for their dally broad; Bccoml, thoso
who aro moved to action by tho
economic conditions surrounding
working women and political nbuson
which affect tho general public nnd
strlko particularly hard- at women!
and children; third, thoso who nroj
Interesting thomselvos in publlo nf-;
fairs as n means of brondcnlne Uielrl
mental horizons nnd ncqulrlng n more)
liberal knowledge of tho wnyB of Uioj
In tho first class there aro In tho
United States six million women
Six million women nro working for"
their bread nnd Bholtor. Their activ
ities are, with few exceptions, com
BY AMERICA'S GAIN
Bov. Herman Page, rector of St.
Paul's Episcopal church East 50th
street and Mndlfion avenue, Chicago
hns been chosen bishop of Now Mox-i
len by tho Episcopal houso of bUhopsJ
Tho announcement of Dr. Pago'u
election camo as n Burprlso to the
'members of his pariah. Nono of thoj
members had heard of tho possibility
of such action being taken. Somq
wore Inclined to express doubt as to
whother Dr Page would accept tho
Only onp other promotion was
mndo by the houno of bishops, that
being the election of Georgu Blllor,
Jr., formerly of Now Jersey, to tho
bishopric of North Dakota. Tlu'
house of bishops was in session for!
two days. .
Dr. Pago hns been rector of BtJ
Paul'n church for twelve yoars. Hoi
came to Chicago from St John's
Episcopal church at Fall River, Mass.
Tho newly appointed bishop wait1.