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NORTH PTiATTTO SMl-WEEKLY TRIBITNW.
RIGHT CARE FOR
Sire Should Not Bo Allowed to
Run With Herd, but Given
Chance to Exercise.
IDEAL RATION IS SUGGESTED
Calvea Should Remain With Dam for
One or Two Days and Be Kept In
Dry Clean Stall for Month
Grain for Heifer.
The following succstlons on the'
ear and feeding f dairy cattle are
made by the dairy dlrlslon of Clem
The Herd Sire.
L Do not 1st the bull run with the
2. Give plenty of exorcise. Free run
of open lot Is best.
8. Feed little or no silage.
4. Feed no cottonseed wenl.
C. Feed legume hoys ulfulfa, clover
and pea vine.
C A good grain ration of equal parts
by weight of ground corn, ground oatn
and wheat bran is an Ideal ration for
a herd sire. Feed enough of this ra-
tlon to keep toe animal In good thrifty
Feeding Dairy Calves.
1. Leave with da in one or two days.
2. Feed one quart of the mother's
milk three times per day for first week.
5. Increase whole milk after first
week from eight to fourteen pounds,
depending on size of calf.
4. After four to six weeks, start sub
stituting skim milk. Take one week
to make the entire change.
5. Feed twelve to sixteen pounds of
milk per day until six months old, if
C. Keep calves In dry, clean stalls
until a month' old.
7. Start feeding grain and hay when
three weeks old.
8. A good grain ration Is equal parts
by weight of whole corn nnd whole
oats. Feed all grain and hay they
"Admiral Vale," Grand Champion Hoi
stein. will clean up. It Is best to feed grass
hay until four months old, as legume
hnys have a scouring effect on the
0. Feed no silage until six months of
10. Keep off of pasture until at least
three months of age.
11. Supply plenty of clean drinking
water at all times.
12. Provide salt as soon as the calf
starts eating hay or grain.
13. Scours are due to overfeeding,
Irregular feeding, feeding cold milk,
sour milk, dirty milk, unsanltnry palls.
14. When milk is not available after
calf is six weeks old, the following
mixture may be used as a milk substi
tute. Linseed oil meal, hominy feed, red
dog flour, dry blood one pound of the
mixture to eight pounds of water for
the slx-weeks-old calf.
Feeding the Growing Heifer.
1. Feed two to three pounds of grnln
dally. A good grain ration Is equal
parts corn, oats, and bran, or two
parts corn nnd one part oats.
2. Feed six to eight pounds of legume
hny when not on pasture.
3. Feed all the silnge. the heifer
will clean up. If no silage is available,
Increase hny nnd add a pound or more
of grain per day to keep In good
thrifty growing condition.
4. No pasture nlone is sufficient for
heifers under one year old.
5. Keep heifers growing continu
ously. 0. Fred one tnblespoonful of ground
limestone In grain mixture to heifers
under breeding ngo.
SELECTING BREEDING GILTS
Good Depth of Body In Forequarters
Means Vitality and Promable
In selecting gilts, besides the usunl
requirements for a good hog, the deep
bodied animal is the best. Good depth
of body In the forequnrters means vi
tality and strong lionrt nnd lung ac
tlon. They are not quite so cheaply
fattened as those with n well-sprung
rib, but there will bo more profit In
them. A slightly slnhby appenranco is
proper In gilts if thoy are to become
renlly profitnblc ns brood sows.
Keep a Poultry Record.,
ITow mnny folks who rnise poultry
know whnt their flocks nro nctunlly
doing? Only n few yot It Is essen
tial to true success In nny business
thnt accurate records bo kept, so that
r-NUlts miiy bo checked In several dif
LIBERAL FEEDS BEST
FOR FATTENING HOGS
Gains in Weight Should Be Mads
as Rapidly as Possible.
Self-Feeding Is Most Satisfactory
Method, While Hogging Saves
Labor of Gathering Grain
and Hauling It to Pig.
Liberal feeding glioma be the rule,
when fattening hogs. To minimize the
risk of loss from disease and to cut the
labor cost, gains In weight should bo
made as rapidly as possible. The
greatest gains arc made In the least
time by self-feeding, consequently this'
method is the most satisfactory for
These arc the views of lfl. F. Ferrlh
of University farm, St. Paul, in charge
of the swine production section of the.
animal husbandry division.
"Corn and tankage," snyfl Mr. Per
rln, "are two of the cheapest and best
fattening feeds. If each is given sepa
rately In n self-feeder, the pigs can so-
Fall Pigs at a Self-Feedtr.
lect the amount of tankage tbey need.
Instead of using a heavy allowance of
the supplementary feed, the tankage
necessary to make a hundred pounds
gain is usually less than hand feeding.
Hogging down corn is u variation of
the self-feeding plan. It ftaves the
labor of gathering the grain and haul
ing it to the pi rp, but as a rule the
hogs nre not fat enough to market out
of the cornfield but need finishing In
"Snlt is both a desirable addition to
the ration and n poison for hogs. Care
should be taken to avoid salt poison
lug by gradually nccustomlng the pig?
to the compound. When used to It,
one of the best methods of supplying
salt Is to furnish the compressed
blocks so commonly bought for cuttle
"To finish nece.isnry to market hogs
advantageously depends upon the de
mnnds of the market. Just now
weights around 250 pounds are most
acceptable. Not ho much lard is want
ed ns In former years, consequently
shorter feeding periods and less finish
is the best plan.
MINIATURE BRIDGE BIG HELP
Seven-Foot Model of Reinforced Con
crete Structure Built to Aid
A model of a reinforced concrete
arch bridge seven feet long hae been
constructed by the bureau of public
roads, United States Department of
Agriculture, to determlno just how.
masonry arch briges should he de
signed when built on a skew. A skew
bridge is one In which the roadway Is
not perpendicular to the abutments,
ns when a brldgo crosses a stream
It hns been found thnt the stresses
in a skewed bridge are considerably
different from those in a bridge of the
same span built perpendicular to the
abutments, and fnllnres have occurred
becnuso this Was not taken Into ac
count in the design.
The problem Is so complicated thnt
engineers of the bnreau wish to check
up their theoretical conclusions by
making u faithful reproduction of n
bridge, using similar materials and
of such size that It can be tested In
Loads will be npplled to the model,
and the stresses at various places cal
culated from measurements of the
lengthening nnd shortening of the con
crete surfnee tnken with very precise
Instruments as well us by other
LIME CORRECTS ACID SOILS
Material Provides Available Calcium
and Makes Manures and hertl
Limestone corrects ncldity In sour
soils, provides available calcium to
crops, makes manures nnd fertilizers
more effective to the soils, fnvors bac
terial growth nnd thus rnnkes plant
food more nvnllable, helps control cer
tnln plant diseases and insects nnd in
time improves the texture of heavy
ORGANIC MATTER DEFICIENT
Some Old Lands After Years of Crop
ping Require Application of
Some old farming lands nftcr yenri
of cropping have become deficient In
organic mntter nnd humus nnd so de
ficient In lime thnt nlfnlfa will not
start nnd grow successfully until tho
soil 1h fertilized nnd the acidity cor
rected by the application of lime or
TICK ERADICATION IS URGED
It Is Only In Sections Where Parasites
Have Been Destroyed That Dalry
Ing Pays Well.
(Prepared by the United .States Dprtmmt
Wherever the- dairy industry has
gained n foothold in the South thero
Is strong sentiment In favor of tho
complete eradication of the cattle tick,
Buys tho United States Department of
Agriculture, for it Is only In tlck-freo
ureas that the dairy cow cun be ex
pected to return u protlt. At the last
session of the stato legislature of Mis-
A $10,000 Cow Recently Purchased by
a Southern Dairyman.
slsslppl it wa's the Influence of tho
newly-developed Industry that prevent
ed tho lndellnlto suspension of tho
state-wide tick-eradication law. Farm
ers who depend upon the cow for n
part of their Income have grown to bo
a power in the state and they demand
that the work be carried to comple
tion. In two counties of the state the
boards of supervisors decided last full
to stop tick-eradication work. nnd to
do no more In the future, but they
reckonod without tho cow owners, who
saw In the relnfestntlon by ticks the
disappearance of the bi-monthly milk
nnd cream checks that had been
keeping up tlleir credit at tho storos
even when the cotton crop wns a fail
ure. These men got together and de
manded that the boards reverse their
nctlons, and the boards did so with
In many countios in Georgia last
year, state officials report, the ravages
of tho boll weovll would have driven
many of the cotton fnrmers into bank
ruptcy had they not been fortified
against It by u few dairy cows. Tho
fact that the ticks had been eradi
cated made It possible to carry on tho
dairy business with profit. Sonio of
tho farmers when they saw that tho
cotton crop wus to be n falluro used
tho cotton fields for growing cow feed,
nnd, when they could rnise the monoy,
bought more cows from the North. In
a ticky country they would have been
A map prepared by the commission
er of ngriculture of Oklahoma shows
that in an area of 43,000 square miles
cleared of ticks thero are now more
thnn 1C0 creameries and Ice crenm
factories that have sprung up In the
last three or four years. Such condi
tions, says tho department, are never
found In tho domain of the tick.'
Why Dairymen Need Silo
Six convincing reasons why
dairymen need silos ure given by
A. C. Bner, head of the Dairy
department at Oklahoma A. and
M. college. They nr:
1. Dairy cows need succulent
feed during the dry season and
during the winter.
2. A silo will preserve feed
crops In tho best and most profit
8, Silage Is cheaper than nny
other feed for cows.
4. A woll-lllled silo solves
most of the feed problems.
5. A silo affords n dairyman
the best storage room for home
G. Dairying is not ns profit
able without n silo Us with one.
TO RAISE CALVES "BY HAND"
Ohio Specialists Say Don't Wean
Youngster Until Five Days Old
Feed Soma Grain.
To raise calves "by hand," say spe
cialists In nnlmnl husbnndry extension
for the Ohio State university, don't
wenn the calf until four or five dnys
old. Then for the next three weeks,
feed It's mother's milk from u bucket
at the rate of from eight to twelve
pounds dully., Substitute one pound
of skim milk daily until the cnlf Is re
ceiving Its wholo ration of skim milk.
Crncked corn or oats may be placed
In the bucket after the calf has fin
ished Its milk. Calves ought to have
milk until five or bIx months old, the
collego specialists believe, and they
add that even u longer period of milk
feeding Is preferable.
Barley Is Good Dairy Food.
Barley is about ns good a feed for
dairy cows as cornmeal, according to
A. C. Bner, professor of dairying nt
tho Oklahoma A. nnd M. college, Still
wnter. The grain should ho ground,
however, ns milk cows cannot utlllzo
bnrloy very well unless It Is ground.
Watch Quality of Silage.
As everything else that is fed to
tho revenue- producing cow, watch tho
qunllty of her sllngo. Moldy or poilM
sllngo Is tabooed. A little may not hurt
her, but a lot most cortainly will.
RAT WHIPS CAT,
TACKLES A COP
Qiant Jersey City Rodent Causes
Consternation in Crowded
New York. Squeals, marls and
shrieks burst In upon the penceful
meditations of Detective TomBurko
us he ambled comfortably down Qrovo
street In Jersey City. Startled into
professional alertness, he wns nbout
convinced that a murder wns being
committed when a strange procession
hove in view at the corner.
At the head of the procession, ac
cording to Burke, ran a rat, fully 15
Inches long, with Its beady eyes vorl
tabic balls of fire and froth coming
from its mouth. Just behind ran a
fully grown tomcat, powerful of build
nnd determined of mien; behind him
Had Caught the Fugltivo.
ran other cnttt, of the more polite sex,
giving forth encouraging meows.
As the rut passed the detective
kicked ut It and the rodent turned nnd
snarled ferociously. As if by Instinct,
It then turned and nmde straight for
the Grove street tube station, where
scores of women were congregated
The entrance of the rat was accom
panied by the departure of most of tho
women. Moving briskly, Burke nr
rlved n minute afterward nnd with Po
liceman Andrew Cribben ns reinforce
ment went Into the station prepared to
do battle witli the outlaw.
The tomcat in the meantime, had
caught the fugitive, but in tho battle
that was raging was getting decidedly
the short end of It.
Orlbhcn swung with his club, nnd
the rat turned and snapped at him nnd
concentrated the uttuck upon him, un
til a lucky blow of the policeman's
stick stunned hie maddened assailant.
The rat was killed. The philosophical
tomcat, which had sat down, after the
policemen entered the lists, dragged It
away, followed by hulf the cats lu the
STAMP OUT LEPROSY IN KOREA
Head of Fusan Asylum Says the Dread
Disease Is Curable Death
Tokyo. The futuro of tlie lepor la
now bright and the disease bclirg much
less contagious than Is generally sup
posed, a Judicious system of segrega
tion, wltii the present methods of treat
ment, will rid Korea of the menace,
according to Mr. Mackenzie, head of
tho Fusan asylum. The mission to
lepers has three asylums In Korea.
"At one of these nine patients have
teen discharged with no truce of tho
disease left," said Mr. Mackenzie. "He
fore the special treatment was begun
n the Fusan asylum the yearly death
rate always was above 2 per cent
For the last year It stands at 2V4 per
:cnt, but us hall' tho deaths resulted
from typhoid It may be said that tho
death rate from normal causes waa
only slightly over 1 per cent.
The government plans the erection
it a large national asylum outside of
Tokyo for the accommodation of lop
rrs, of whom there ure about 10,000 in
Girl Strangles Herself
While Skipping Rope
London. Inadvertently stran
gling herself to death with her
own skipping rope wus the re
markable fate of Marguerlto
It wus learned at the inquest
that ufter skipping with her
schoolmates she fastened one
end of her rope to u gate, the
other end she then wound around
her neck to play.
A strong wind resulted In the
gute swinging to and fro, nnd
the girl was swung off her feet,
dying lutcr of struugulaliun.
Run the Ball
-bring homo the bacon, collar tho blue yaaet
carry the messago to Garcia, etc
1ITTLE Raisins, full of energy and
-iron, will put tbe pep into you
that makes winning plays. Use vim,
ike it in your business, too.
pne hundred and forty-five cal
ories of energizing, nutriment in every
little -fivecent red box that you see.
Comes from fruit sugar in prac
tically predicated form levulosc, the'
scientists call it o it goes to work
almost immediately. Rich in food
Try these little raisins when you're
hungry, lazy, tired or faint. See how"
they pick you up and set you on your
"Between - Meal"
Don't cut the DASH. Keeps car warm f gyy
anv dav. Put on in 15 minutes. '
PURE Postpaid, C. O. D, 10c extra. Sheet
H0T UNIVERSAL MFG. CO. M f.l
ATR 1 O Street Lincoln. Web- IHklal
Sir Arthur Conan Duylc said nt a
dinner in New York, apropos of a scan
"When a young girl goes wrong, her
mother Is often to he blamed. So many
niothors nro worso than Ignorunt
they ure foolish.
"I once got a very pretty girl a
stenographer's job. Meeting her moth
er a few days afterwards, I said :
"Well, how Is Minnie Retting on?'
"Tho foolish woman beamed.
"Oh, Mln'a doing splendidly, doc
tor,' alio said. 'Just think, sho has
been working only four days, nnd her
employer he's such n nice old gentle
man hns nlready taken her out to
lunch twice, and three times to dinner,
and once motoring and four times ;o
all-night cabaret dances.'"
When a new girl comes to n smnll
town all the boys sit up and take no
tice. 4- 4ftMker
For 11 third of a century the nntno
Calumet has stood as the emblem of
tho belt baking powder. Its steady
growth of favor lias readied such
proportions that today the sale of
The Economy BAKING POWDER
i2Vy times bs much as that of any
Tliis is the best proof of its superior
merits of the wholesome foods
that it always produces of the
economical and unfailing results
always obtained where it is used.
Calumet contains only such ingre
dient! as have been officially npprov
ed by tho United States Pure Food
authorities. Has more than the
ordinary leavening strength, there
fore you use let s.Tlie most depend
able of all leavencrs.
THE WORLD'S GREATEST BAKING POWDEW
Two Dark Sides.
"Cyrus Hasp ran n grocery Bton
flown on Uio crncr for about 2
years," related old ItHcy Jlczzldew ol
Petunln, "and ns ho dune so ntlllzc
nbout lialf of his time tn dcnounclni
tho public for n lot of thieving hypo
crltcs, who prnyed lontfty with ont
lintid on the Sabbath nnd heat htm out
of his just dues with tlio other oc
week days, flggeratlvely spunking, -course.
Snld lie ort to know, If any
body did, thnt 65 per cent of nil hu
manity wns Intentlonully dishonest
"Well, then n feller cnnso along and
gave him about twice what It was.
worth for his store. And over since hi
has been declnrlng thnt 00 per cent ol
the rotullers arc and always have been
thieves nnd robbers, nnd mentioning
that ho ort to know if anybody docu
And ns far as I can make out, ho'i
pretty nearly right on both proposl
tions." ICinisnB City Star.