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AIRSHIP FOR ARMY
$50,000 Pravldtd for Exptrlmtnts
at Ffrt Omaha
WILL USE IF PROVED PRACTICAL
Amtrlcan Army to Navt an Equip
ment Superior to Any Othtr
Jn thi World
Quietly, but with a determination
to satisfy himself thoroughly on tho
subject, General Allen, chief slgnat
officer of the army, has been making
preparations for most extensive ex
periments with balloons, airships and
aoroplanes with tho view to settling
upon some system of aerial naviga
tion for use in operations of the army,
either In times of peace or war.
Recently there arrived in this coun
try from Franco a typo of balloon usca
by the French army which was pur
chased by tho signal corps in order
that its merits might be tested in com
petition with balloons of American
make, while in New York there Is
being constructed-an immense balloon
in which it is proposed that tho men
of the corps shall make their trial
It Is the intention to conduct the ex
periments at Ft. Omaha, just outside
of Omaha, Neb., and for this purpose
$50,000 of money already appropriated
has been allotted for fitting up the fort
with all the necessary appliances, In
cluding gas tanks, repair shops ,etc.
General Allen said that he will
bo prepared to conduct experi
ments with every conceivable kind of
maehince offered and all would be
given a trial before a board of officers,
but the department under no circum
stances will purchase plans of bal
loons or machines not already put to
General Allen said that ho be
lieved this country was far ahead
of any other in the matter of flying
machines. Already, he said, there
had been developed some which woutd
furnish a few surprises.
It is stated that the balloon corps
of the French army numbers at least
600 men, all expert aeronauts, and It
is expected by the department that
before long the American army will
have an equipment superior to that
of any army in the world.
.TuFt how soon the experiments will
be made is not known, but General Al
len proposes to lose no time in. com
pleting his plant and he hopes that
before many months he will have tests
GOING THROUGH THE SIEVE.
The Primary Bill Brings Out Fighting
Many hours have been taken up by
the primary measure and when final
disposition is announced a bill by
which all parties will rally will be the
rosult. There has been somo very
Important changes made and moro will
follow before the final test for adop
tion of its entirety comes. The pro
vision that a candidato may place his
name on tho ballot by petition was
incorporated instead of tho provision
that a certificate or request with a
filing fee should be required. Instead
of the open ballot at which any per
son voting should declare his politics
and receive his party ticket to vote,
the houae inserted an amendment pro
viding for a closed ballot whereby the
voter receives the ballots of all the
parties with tickets in tho field and
In the election bootli makes his choice
which ho shall vote.
CASH FOR STATE GUARDS.
Adjutant General Will Endeavor to
Adjutant General Culver appearod
before the committee on ways and
means and urged liberal appropriation
for his department. He declared that
the stale could well afford tho cost of
tho national guard rather than the
burden of an immense standing army
as the nations of Europe support.
The national guard, he declared, is
ready to bo called into tho field on an
hour's notice. Ho is asking for an ap
propriation of $30,000 per year. Among
tho new Items of expense are fees of
25 cents per drill to the enfisted men
of tho guard. If tho guardsman Is ab
sent, the 25 cents is forfeited to tho
company. Tho adjutant general de
clares that tho average cost of belong
ing to tho guard has been $32.50.
OMAHA MASONS GET TROWEL.
Globe Trotting Emblem Comes to
Capitol lodge No. 3 of the Masonic
fratornlty of Omaha, after conference
with the Masonic lodges of Sioux
Falls, received tho famous traveling
silver trowel from that city.
This trowel is traveling around tho
world, haying started on its jurnoy
from the grand lodge of New York,
and each month is given to a now
lodgo by tho ono last holding It.
Tho coming of tho famous trowel
to Omaha was a groat event In Ma
sonic circles, with tho grand lodge of
tlits stato participating. Members of
all neighboring lodges wero invited,
and a big. delegation of distinguished
Masons from South Dakota wero pros
out. A Nebraska City minister refused
an increase in his salary because he
has so much trouble In collecting what
-4s already coming to him.
A NEW CRUELTY BILL.
Illinois Legislature to Come Forward
With New Ideas.
Now It Is suggested that thoro bo a
law for "prevention of cruelty to
land." It Is to be modeled after tho
"prevention of cruelty to animals"
measure. Under the proposed bill,
land may not bo planted moro than
two years at a time with corn, oats,
wheat or other small grain. Provision
is made for "resting" soil overy seven
years by seeding it with alfalfa for
meadow or pasture. Every flvo years
it must be "toned up" with top dress
ing, stable manure or some other fer
tilizer. A penalty of $20 a year for
each violation is to bo provided.
Copies of tho proposed measure havo
been sent to Governor Dencen and to
the governors of North Dakota, South
Dakota, Minnesota, Iowa, Wisconsin
STRIKES OIL AT LAST.
Gusher Near Lincoln Excites Much
Oil and gas at tho Durnham woll
near Lincoln have ceased to bo mere
indications and now appear In quan
tity. Tho diggers are greatly onthu-
I slastic over their find. Although
many people of Lincoln havo been on
j tertainlng doubts as to the truth of
file reports, tho most skeptical who
have seen the well are now convinced
of the oxlstenco of the "real article."
, A constant flow of oil was recently
struck and has been coming up in
rapidly increasing quantities. This is
tho fourth showing of oil that has
been struck since tho beginning of tho
digging. The other showings were
nothing more than traces of oil In tho
rock formation. The first time a show
ing of oil was struck it did not make
the diggers positive that tho real oil
stratum was below, but it encour
aged thorn to continue to dig. Tho
second showing, being better than tho
first, gave them reason to believe
that there was something bettor fur
ther down. When the third showing
was struck thero was enthusiasm and
confidence a success.
DRIVES NAIL WITH DYNAMITE.
Student Uses Explosive Carelessly
With Usual Result.
A student at the German college
from West Point met with a peculiar
and serious accident at Seward, los
ing his left hand in an effort to drive
a nail with a stick of dynamite. Last
summer somo of the boys of the col
lege had found a pointed stick painted
rod on the railroad track. It had been
kicked around the college ever since,
and Its nature was not discovered un
til the young man picked It up and
attempted to use It as a hammer. The
first and second fingers of tho hand
wero amputated, but the palm had
been terribly lacerated and It Is feared
that It will havo to bo sacrificed.
Society to Promote the Study of Child
The Juvenile Court association of
Lincoln was recently organized and a
The objects of tho association as
stated in the constitution aro to co
operate with tho juvenile court and
other child helping agencies. To sup
press and prevent conditions and to
aid in prosecuting persons contribut
ing to the dependency and delinquency
of children. To promote tho study of
child problems, and by systematic
agitation through tho press and other
wise, to create a healthy public senti
ment in favor of wise measures for tho
prevention and treatment of juvenile
NEBRASKA'S COAL MINE.
Products of the Mine Resemble the
Grades Found in Wyoming.
Prof. E. IT. "Barbour has Issued a
bulletin on the Honov Crook coal mlnn
four miles southeast of Peru. The re
port has been filed with Governor
Sheldon. This mine has been referred
to as tho first coal mine found in Ne
braska, although other small veins
havo been found but none of them
proved profitable. Tho Honey Creek
mino Is near tho Missouri river. Tho
average thickness of tho vein Is thirty
four Inches. Any coal Is considered
good in a state supposedly destitute
i of natural fuel, but Professor Barbour
' says this mino produces a good aver
se grade of bituminous coal. Though
the bed may be limited to a square
mile or so it is of importance to tho
I state of Nebraska. Samples tested by
i chemists show that It is not far be
1 hind the licnito coal of Cnmhorlnnd
PUPILS RAISE MONEY.
Omaha Students Secure Funds for
Pupils of the Omaha high school
havo closed tho campaign to raise
Hinds for the Lincoln statue. Tho
Woman's club took the initiative, but
tho pupils decided to take It off their
hands, and on Lincoln's birthday they
started a campaign which proved as
persistent and agcrossive a corps of
canvnssera and solicitors as any cause
evor had. So untiring wore they that
there wero numerous tolophono' calls
demanding to know when it would bo
over. The tel phones said the young
sters made life a durdon for every-
, nod y.
51,820. had hnon raised. It was figured
that between $i,r()0 and $1,800 would
bo required for tho purpose. These
wore tho sums raised by the respect
ive classes: Sophomores, $G52.72.
Juniors, $427.45; freshmen, $593.30;
seniors, $298.18. Besides thoro wero
about $50 in the general fund.
ROADS WILL FIGHT
Big Law Suit Is Exptcttd in Niar
WILL FIGURE TO SHOW A LOSS
Passingar Profits Compartd to
Othtr Railroad Ineomts
From our Correspondent Geo. W. Kline
Railroads, at present complying
with tho two cent faro act ,aro ex
pected to pull oil a swift and dizzy
lawsuit in tho near future This is
predicted unless tho Inauguration of
tho two cent :faro brings about such
an Increase in travel that tho roads
can afford to follow tho two cent re
duction as a matter of profit.
The attltudo of tho railroads caused
tho governor to change his mind about
signing tho bill. After trying to com
ply with tho law tho corporations
would have an excellent chance to
tako tho caso into court on the non
compensation Issuo and tho figures
concerning tho profit and loss would
be entirely In tho control of tho rail
roads. Governor Sheldon foresaw that
It would bo best to protect tho bill
from all technical defects, so ho
signed it and at tho same tlmo (nti
mated that party pledges regarding
tho reduction of tho freight' rates
must bo carried out to tho letter.
Passenger returns mako up 15 por
cent of tlio income of tho railroads.
Freight rates form rw formidable por
tion. A 33 1-3 reduction in tho 15
per cent looks like a big Itora to tho
individual but in reality it is very
small. Tho bulk of the profits to
tho railroads come from tho farmors
and business men indirectly in tho
85 per cent. A cut of 25 per cent
In this means money in the pockets
of tho people. All tho necessities of
life are taxed for freight traffic. This
is never noticed bocamio the tax Is
Indirect. Tho freight ouf grain is de
ducted from the market price. The
freight on foods-, clothing, coal and
supplies is added to tho market price.
Govdrnor Sheldon means to enforce
his platform pledge. Ho did not ap
prove tho two cent faro plan during
the campaign but stood for an equit
able reduction of passenger fare along
with a just reduction of freight
charges. He maintains that the rail
roads are still getting far more Hum
their due. He will insist on lopping
off this excess and letting it go to
the business man.tho nanchman and
the farmer. The railway commission
bill has been passed by tho house.
It will be adopted by tho senate.
Within three months, and in time for
tho fall crop movement, tho froight
rates' wllK be greatly reduced.
Tho primary bill, outlined along the
MInnesocta plan, has been discussed
and approved by the house.
Leadership and party counsel aro
lacking In the present legislature.
There hail been no, official Moses. In
the senate the claim to readership
seems to be dividod between Senator
Root and Senator- King. In tho house
confusion reigns. Attempts at tho iron
hand have boom amusing -in tho ex
treme. It was expected that thor house
would be the chief battleground and
new warriors would arise.
S ,F. 05,1 by.l Thomas' of Douglas,
county, providing for increase In the
salaries of firemen and policemen, hns
passed by a vote of 72 to 0.
S..F. 87, bySackett, providing foT a
joint memorial to congress asking for
a law to prevent railroads and other
interstate corporations from taking
tax cases into tho federal court, was
passed In tho houso by the vote of
80 to 1. Stolnnuer of Pawnee county
castv tho negatlvo vote.
S. F. 151, by Epperson of Clay, pro
viding that teachers' Institutes must
be hold In Juno, July or August each
year, passed by a voto of 79 to 2,
S. F. 141, by Gibson of Douglas,
decreasing to three the number of
fire and police commissioners of
South Omaha, passed tho houso by a
voto of 70 (to 10.
H. R., 385, by Leo ofl Omnha, pro
viding that cities of moro than 5,000
may' amend their charters by a two
thirds voto of their council, was In
Dodge's primary bill wasi reported
for Indefinite postponement by tho
committee on elections and privileges.
H. R. 282, by Lcedor, calling for the
election of boiler inspector in Omaha
Instead of appointment, was, placed on
tho' general file in apito of a contrary
report by tho committee on cities and
Tuckor's bill providing for a bounty
for gophens, was referred to the com
mittee on mines and mining.
Ono of tho newly mado laws Is S. F.
No. fi, prohibiting the transportation
to any part of tht stato of any intox
icating liquors unless thero is in
scribed upon tho outside of tho pack
ago in largo leglblo letters tho words
"Intoxicating Liquors." Also prohib
iting tho shipment of intoxicating
liquors to any fictitious poraon or
consignor. A penalty of from $100
to $300 is imposed for jach offouHo.
Senator Sackott introduced a bill to
Investigate tho Insuranco companies of
tho stato. Ills bill asks Dor & commit
tcoi of nine, comtwiied of houso and
sonato members, to look Into tho mat
ter of rates antl charges and report
at tho next regular session of the leg
Tho bill giving tho governor tho
power to romovo stmdrintendonts of
tho Lincoln hospital for tho Insane
at his discretion has become a law.
Ono of tho now bills which Ih now
a law prohibits tho salo of wild gamo
at any tlmo of tho year. It was Intro-
uuceu oy tho lish and camo commis
II. R. No. 72 has becomo a law. It
compels school boards to sot osldo
ton cents a pupil for a library fund
in districts whero no' provision Is
mado for this purpose
A bill has boon passed In tho houso
regulating tho liccnsinc oil automo
Ropresontativo Quackonbush's bill
for a joint memorial to congress ask
ing for a constitutional amendment
prohibiting polygamy was passed
A bill has been introduced by Rep
resentative Hanson requiring all
liquor dealers', engaged In tho retail
Bale of liquor as a boverago to obtain
a certificate of authority from the aud
itor annually, providing for tho pay
ment of ti feo of. $100( upon tho Issu
ance of said cortlflcato, for tho crea
tion of a special fund from tho pro
ceeds of said fees for the purpose of
erecting and maintaining- an asylum
forf tho troatmont and euro of dipso
maniacs. Among tho bills Indefinitely post
poned was H. R. No. 354, Introduced
by Alderson, appropriating $12,000 for
Among tho now bills Introduced Is
S. P. No. 404, which provides that
persons making a confession of guilt
to a charge of murder in tho first de
grco shall bo '.deemed gullty(of murder
In tho. first degree and duffer death
or Imprisonment for life In the discre
tion of tho court, tho court to deter
mine the degreo of tho crimo without
A new bill Introduced by Senator
Patrick amends tho stato gamo law
to provide for hunting and flBhlng
llcenso. for all persons over fourteen
years- of ago desiring to hunt or fish
on any except land of which they are
owners or tenants; reducing tho resi
dent llcenso feo from $1 to fifty cents1
and' allowing a county clerk Issuing
licenses to collect a feo of ten cents
for each llcenso.
Governor Sheldon has pormitted II.
R. No. 110, by Quackenbush of Ne
maha, to become a law without his1
signature. Tho bill provides that re
porters In district courts shall receive
ten cents a prtgo for making trans
cripts in criminal cases whore the
defendant makes an affidavit' of pov
erty. The bill also provides that tho
reporters shall take down tho re
marks of tho presiding judge.
Members Make Good Record.
Moro than 100 bills have been In
troduced In tho Nebraska legislature
and disposition has boon mado of but
a few of them. In tho houso, Rcpro
sentatlvesi Quackenbush and Leo led
In number of bills, each having twenty-two.
Initho sonato Senator Thomas
of Omaha led with forty-throe, while
Senator Root of Cass county was a
closo second with Xorty-threo meas
ures. In tho Lancaster delegation
tho two Brownsj Elmor and Ned, each
introduced twonty-ono bills.
Too Many Appropriations.
Should all of the appropriation bills
now before tho legislature! bo' granted
by voto of the legislators, tho state
treasury would groan for years. In
ovary conceivable form, onslaughts
havo been, mado upon tho public
money land most of tho bills havo to bo
turn nil ilnwn. Jiltlinnirli ninnr. nf f.liom
have somo morlt In thorn. Forjy
elght appropriation bills havo been In-'
troduced In tho house and several In .
tho senate. Tho, total appropriations '
asked by these bills aggregato mil-1
Saves Divorce Bill.
Senator Sibley of I Lincoln saved his
divorce bill, which tho commltteo on
Judiciary had recommended for inde
finite postponement. Ilei said It was
intended to prevent parties from mar
rying within six months rafter having
boon divorced. Tho attorneys of the
senate disagreed as to whether or not
tho present law contains tho same
provision, as Interpreted by the courts.
Tho senate voted to place tho bill on
tho general fllo.
A Sifting Committee.
Tho senate voted to havo a sifting
committee, and ono hatVbeen appoint
ed. Hundreds of bills, It is alleged,
were Introduced merely to please cor
tain factions but novor Intended for
passage. Thoy cannot bo seriously
considered nowi So a sifting com
mltteo was namod to spot tho bills
and gracefully waylay thorn.
It is expected that tho printing will
coBt thousands of dollars In excess of
any session In tho hlstor(y of tho
Grand Island has large green houses
that ship their products all over tho
Tht Twt-Ctnt Fart Bill is Htw la
MIGHT BE VOID UNLESS SIGNED
Tht Sovtrntr Had Inttndtd to Ltt
It Itoomt a Law Without
Govornor Georgo L. Sheldon has1
signed tho twq cent faro bill and this
bill is now in force. Ho said ho at
tached his slgnaturo bocauso of the
legal quostion raised as to tho force of
tho omorgoncy clauso it he failed to
sign tho bill.
Tho governor hnd previously an
nounced that ho would lot tho bill bo
como a daw without hlrf signature.
Then tho point; was raised thatt the
omorgoncy clause, which: reads,
"Whereas, an omorgoncy exists ,thla
act shall tako effect and bo In forco
from and after Its passage! and ap
proval," might not bo offoctlvo with
out tho afllrmatlvo action of tho gov
ornor. Attornoy Gonoral Thompson
lias boon of tho opinion that there was
ltttlo to support this question, but
ho does not deny that thoro might
bo somo doubt about tho matter. In
order that tho railroads might not!
tako advantage of any loophole, tho
governor Blgnod 'tho bill.
It had been tho governor's intention
to havo tho bill becomo a law without
signing it. Then It was reported that
tho railroads would accept tho law
and put It In force. Lator It was
shown that somo of tho roads had
not accepted tho bill unconditionally,
but reserved tho right to tost tho lnw
at some futuro tlmo If thoy saw fit.
All of the railroads havo put tho rate
Tho two cent faro bill was drafted
by a joint commltteo comprising sen
ators and mombors of tho legislature,
Senator Wlltso of Codart was ono who
put In a great deal of tlmo looking
up tho legality of tho proposed meas
ure. Tho bill Is moroly amendatory
of tho present statuto which fixes the
passongor rates at threo cents a mile.
Tho bill changes tho word "throe"
to "two." In addition thoro Is Insert
ed a clauso which states that no rail
road shall bo required to sell a tlckot
for less than flvo cents. This was
put In to apply to intorurban llnew
and to tho salo of tickets on roads
whero stations wore less than one
milo apart. Tho bill changes tho ago
at which half faro rates shall apply
from children under ten years to chil
dren under twelve years, which 1st
now tho rulo in forco on all roads In
Goyornor Sheldon was In favor of a
two cont passongor fare, If It could
be secured, but In his campaign ho
said ho feared tho roads might be
able to sot aside such a law In court
because It might not bo Tomuneratlvo
on somo of tho pooror and smallor
lines. Ho advocated placing tho rato
making power In tho hands of tho
railway commission. Ho urged that
tho roads care JLIttlo for nj reduction
of passenger faros, but they aro vi
tally Interested In kooplng up froight
Bulk Sates Bill a Law.
Governor Sheldon has fclgnod S. P.
114, by Thomas of Douglas, known as
tho bulk sales bill, an act to provont
merchants-from selling their stocks of
goods without notice to creditors.
The bill, has an omeVfconcy clauso and,
wil not tako offoct until threo months
after tho legislature adjourns.
TO INCREASE THE REVENUE.
A Number of Bills If Passed Will Add
Much to Treasury Fund.
Secretary of Stato Junkln and
others In his department aro greatly
Interested In a number of bills now
pending before tho legislature which
will, If they bocomo laws, largely In
crease tho revenues of tho office. As
thero has as yet been little If any
opposition to tho measures, thoro is
good reason to bollovo they will bo
enacted boforo adjournment.
One of those bills has for Its pur
pose tho annual registration of auto
mobiles, and as these vehicles aro
rapidly Increasing in numbers, It Is
tliought that such a law would bring
quite a largo sum annually.
Another bill raises the fee for no
taries public from $1 to $5. At pros
ont tho man who desires to becomo
a notary pays tho stato a dollar, and
in addition to his cortlflcato, Is en
titled to a copy of tho session laws.
Ho pays tho county clerk of his home
county $2. While a $5 feo'jnlght have
a tendency to cut down tho number of
applicants for notarial commissions,
there aro many who bollovo that such
a rosult would bo' a good rathor than
a bad thing. These commissions, It
is argued, run for six years, and If
thoy are worth anything thoy shquld!
bo worth $5.
A nioasuro which will probably not
greatly Inereaso tho revenue, but
which Is thought to bo qulto essential:
provides that cattle, brands shall be
rendered every two years, tho fee for
re-reglstratlon being fifty cents. Tho
original registration feo is $1.50 and
under tho present law this stands for
all tlmo. Tho principal Idea In tho
proposed law Is to get rid of the dead
-brands, or thoso no longer in use,
Tho measure which is expected to
offoct tho greatest Increaseln the rev
enue is tho ono providing for an an
nual tax on all corporations doing