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CAPITAL OITY GOURIElR.
First National Bank
O AND TENTH STREETS.
K. S. IIAltWOOD, President.
I'll AH A IHSVA, Vic Trenldent.
K. M. COOK, funnier
('.. l.fl'I'INCOrr, Analotant CniihUr.
II. M. KIlKKMA.N, AxaUlnnt faahler.
Joiti It. WniflHT, I'renldent.
T. E. HiMiFitR, Vice t'rrnldent.
J. II. McCl.AT, Cmlit.r.
F E. Jolinmin. II. P. I. nil, Tlum. t'ocliran,
i:. It. Slior. T. VV. Lottery,
V. L. llnyton.
Oononil Banking Hushum Transacted.
Collections a Specialty.
I. II. Ittvuoin,
I). II. TiKikirKixi.
H. II, llCIISIMM,
Hlchitrd'e Illoolr, Corner
Eleventh eud OSte.
DiRRrron' I. M. Iliirmnml. I.ewlit Gregory, S.
II. Ilnriitmm. T. W Lottery, C. (1 iHiwor., (! II.
Morrill, A. J. Miwtvr, E. II. Ilruwn, V. W.
Little, H. W. Ilariibam. (1. W. Lnmuertaun,
P. K. Tliompnon.
German National Bank
Joseph Hoeiimeh, President,
Hekman II. Sciiaiikko, V-Prest.
Ciias. E. Waitu, Cashier,
Gno. H. Sciiwakh, Asst. Cash.
8 par cent on Dapoalta Fata at tlta
lincoln Savings Bank
AND SAFE DEPOSIT COMPANY.
Cor. I And Elernith St(.
THE ONLY SAFE DEPOSIT VAULTS IN LINCOLN
N. fl. Hnrwood.
N. C. Ilrock.
W. A. Kellrck.
0. T. IIorkh.
A. W. Webnter.
II P. HnttmwoT.
J. 'I.. Ilrlncoe.
C. J. Krnit.
It. W. Drown.
It. O J'bllllpn.
i: It. Slier.
Henry K. Luwli
CAPITAL, - - - S250.000.00.
Stoi'lholdera' Liabilities, r.00,000.
INijh Interent on Hnvlmrn nrcnuiitH nnd tlm
di'oltn. PurrUtieH exi ImiiKe tr
Jobn Taylor, I'realdent.
Jaruea Kllbarn, Vice Prelilent.
. It. Tlnglvy, Caihltr.
Real Estate Loans
On tnrma In Enatern Nutrnkn and ImproTtd
property In Lincoln, lor a term of i enr.
Lowest Current Rates.
R. E. & J. MOORE,
Corner lltli nnl O Street, Lincoln.
AHD CLEANING WORKS,
No. 11 N. Twelfth St.
T. C. KERN, D. D. S.
Rooms 25 nnd 20, Hurr Block,
replaced bla OLD In-
' atrumenta with a new
Dnllomyer, direct fruin
London, nnd la now batter prepared than err to
do One work, from a lorket up to life alae, Opea
room 10 a.m. to 4 p m. Hundaye.
TODXO, 1314 O HTBUBT.
Corner 13tli and S Htreete.
pMoHe-.Jv1U.J.tw7 2 4
OLIVE HAMPER'S HAT.
SHE SAYS SHE HAS WORN IT FOH
limy to ltt MjIMi, Tlinuuli linprmiilciin. I
Niv Mmir In Summer srmt- 'llin
mon Old IIiik. iK mill Hon Mill
An.urr Till Summer.
New Yoiik, dune 8. After nil. it is
not bo miK'lt what is put on it hat as tho
way it is put ott that makes it Htylish
and seasonable. Wo fiitil velvet trim
initios ami close feathers in milliliter, ami
wu find llowors in winter. There aro I
few inatetials ttseil in the foundations of
hats ami bonnet n. Straw, felt, olot
iiml lace are the piiucipnl ones, anil out
of tliein come all the creations that so de
light us. Stylo is about all that is new to
them, ami that consiMs in stiindiugyour
bows, (lowers or feathers tin stillly or
in letting them droop or lie Hat. Tills
particular season tho upward tieml has
hail its innings, lint I ptcdiet that the
still standing bows and ilumes will soon
cuddle closely to the sides of the head
LATEST IV SPMMEU MII.I.IM IIY.
wear, and (lowers will he in a t-oft
wreath over the brow and tinder the
brims of till kinds of hats and bonnets
where such an arrangement is possible.
There aro r-omo iiewtdmju's in Miminer
straws that aro i'.t'eediii);ly attractive,
anions them tho Louis XI, which comes
in i-oukIi straw and later will be situ in
felt and velvet. The shape is historical.
Tho tiimmin often consists of irehis
toiio birds and (lowers that would de
light tho heart of a naturalist.
A bonnet for n lady, young or old, is
of tho most pronounced poke shape, but
isn't any sizeitt all. It is covered with
rich brocaded silk in pink, cream and
bilver. The strings aro cherry led velvet,
and they aro held on each sido with a
rhinestonu button. Under tho biim is a
thick wteath of oleander blossoms, and
thuro aro two more, all without foliage,
on tho sides of the bonnet, serving as
foundation for u spray of fancy silvered
Another lato arrival is a fine silver
gray chip, with bows of wido white satin
ribbon covering tho Hat crown. Thero
aro three whito doves' wings shading
to gray on tho tips, and thero aro three
whito carnations placed among tho bows.
The, shapo of tho hat is a plateau, which
bus u wido brim drooping slightly at thu
sides and rising in front, .lust under
tho brim close to the hair is a tiny whito
bow and a whito carnation.
Now, thero isn't one of thcro hats, which
cost from 10 to Sfl, that a clever lady
cannot make herself. All thero is to do
is to make a careful study of 'Vtylo" as
Been in tho windows and on tho streets
and then set your trimming on upright,
ut right angles or drooping. Thero is no
flower that cannot bo worn, no feather
that is impossiblu and no bug that
crawls or Hies that cannot be used on a
bonnet, so it r-ccius to ino a shame to pay
K milliner so much more than the value
of the things lor that elusive thing called
style. Anybody can have it with a littlo
study and tn-o her old stock of odds and
ends to good advantage.
i I would like to go into details and tell
how I have worn one black chip and htcu
htraw hat for four succeeding summers
and by trimming it in a different man
ner every httlo while have a new hat of
it that everybody says is "so stylish,"
but it would take a book full to tell of
my struggles with the upright bow that
I had such trouble to make stand tip in
the approved lorin. 1 managed it finally
with capwiro sewed inside. This hat is
now trimmed with a lace butteillyin
front, a littlo lace, a still velvet bow and
u rose nodding forward at tho back.
Next week I am going to retrim it and
put a whole bed of bluo velvet foigutme
nots on it among lace.
NEW COTTON noWN,
Dy tho way, thistles and milkwotsj
pull's aro used on the daintiest of milli
nery. They are mounted on wires with
thieads ami left to hang a little loosely,
so that they can bo swayed by the wind.
They aro oxquiMtely light and graceful.
Tho cotton gown is the piettiest gown
of tho summer, and if I weio a poet I
would write a poem to the girl in the
cotton gown, though pcthnps it would
not bo due so much to tho girl as the
gown. Theie aie biautiftil punted cot
tons that look like the fluent licr-iiiu
cashineio, with their soft gums and
pale pinks on drab ami mode grounds.
One such gown had a princess back
nnd a flout of pink crepou, the opening
faced with lace. Theio was a gnen
velutina belt and lapels, a vest and the
sleeves being of the pink t repon. Tin
dress was beautiful and was tho modi I
for many others. Oli i: II via 1 1
t n If
kl Mi M
ill filrnkMl I(
U Wmk r hn
FOR EARLY HUMMER WEDIHNUS.
Tlito petm for this month's wpililiiiK urn ilUplnji'd hIiomi. At thti lill i tlm
briito iii'i'oiiiiiily nrmji'il for tlm ciriiiioii
at the riK'it ihows tlm lirmn attiruil in liiinilviinu trnwliui; roat.
EARLY METHODS OF LIGHTING A NHL
Some nl" 'I Ill-Mi Curium Ii-IIiiiiU Still Cm-
ilii)i-il li. .Mini) nl tin- IimIIiiii 1 iIIii'h.
ISpci In t ('olli'i-piiliilrlui'.l
Dp.nvi.ii, June H. Tlio general suppo
sition is that bcforothcoraofinatchcrtiill
tires were kindled by obtaining a spat If
fiom tho concussion of pieces of Hint
and iron, but such was not the case.
Centui iesngo before the white men had
penetrated into thu lauds of the Klamath,
l'ueblo and other Indian tiibes wood
friction was tho method empIo ed by the
Notth Ameiicau Indians. Tlienamo man
ner of kindling Hies can bo observed
among many of them today. No other
method is employed by tho Kskimos and
other northern uncivilized peoples, and
no later than tsss wood friction was used
to kindlo the lire at tho whito dog feast
by the New York Iroquois Indians and
tho Onondaga Iroquois of Canada.
Tho operation of igniting tinder lij
wood friction is varied, but in every iu
tanco it is peculiar and shows a consid
crableamotint of pnticuconuil ingenuity
Tho most primitive form of apparatus
consists of two pieces of wood, ouo ol
homo dry, looso grained timber, which is
the piece to bo operated upon, and the
other, or spindle, must bo of hard wood,
which must be perfectly dry. Tho lirst
piece is laid Hat on tho ground close to
tho tinder which is to bo ignited, and a
small hole is cut in tho floor to receive
the wood powder ns it is ground troin
tho looso grained wood. The hard wood ,
spiunio is i lien iniiuii oeiweru uiu Junius
of tho hands, and having Hrst pressed
tho point against tho other piece of
wood it is twirled rapidly, causing a
gradually iuci casing friction and grind
ing out a little heap of wood powder,
wliich falls into tho hole referred to.
This generates a great deal of heat, and
finally tho littlo heap of wood dust be
gins to smolder, and in a littlo time
enough heat is evolved to produce igni
tion by spontaneous combustion.
SIMPLE JIETIIOIl. ,
Flame is never produced by this oper '
atiou. Thewoodorco.il must bo brought
into contact with the tinder ami can
tiously fanned into a bla.e.
Another f'oiiu is called tho "pump or
weighted drill," mid Mr. Hough, m Un
report of tho National museum, says
that this apparatus is used "in only two
localities in the world" for making fires
viz, among the t'hukchis of Siberia and
the Iroquois Indians of Now York and
Camilla. This apparatus is very ingeni
ously constructed. It consists of a piece
of soft or loose giniucd wood, as in tho
first case, and the "pump" or spindle.
Tho spindle is iiiado of well seasoned
elm or other haul wood. It is usually
nbout two feet long and has a kind of
flywheel about three inches irom the
bottom. A crosspnro of wood with a
hole in tho center largo enough for the
spindloto pass through easily h then ad
justed as the "pump" handle. Attached
to each end of this handle aro cords,
which are fastened to the top of the
spindle and twisted around it in such a
manner that moving tho handle tip and
down will cause it to revolve rapidly in
alternate directions, thus creating a
maximum amount of friction at the
point of contact with tho loose grained
wood. This was the kind of apparatus
used by the Iroquois Indians at the
white dog least in issg,
Tho naties of tho Cist Indies and of
Australia use another method for ob
taining ignition by means of wood frii
tiou. Their method is by "sawing." A
V shaped notch is Hrst cut lengthwise
m a piece of bamboo almost penetrat
ing it. Then another piece of bamboo or
other hard wood is shaped like tho blade
of a knife, and this is drawn backwaul
and forward, after tho manner of saw
ing, until the lower piece is pieiced and
tho heated wood powder falls through.
Dr. H. M Luther tills the following
incident of lighting a firo by this proi
ess: "A llurineso found a brain h of the
with lii'i- liriili'smald tixsiilu livi.
oil tree, hewed
tree, hewed in it a shaped cavity,
cut a knife of itouwood. sawed with It
acioss the branch and in less than thteo
minutes had a coal of Hie underneath.
This was taken in soino dry leaves,
wrapped in a bunch of glass and whiiled
around the head, ghing a lliimo in a 'jif
fy.'" This method, however, does not
seem to have been e erased by the North
Flint, compiessed air and various oth
er materials were used to pioduco Hie
until llmtlly in IH'.'.'i chemical matches
weie iiiM'iited. These were geneially
made of Miips of shaving or thin pieces
of wood dipped in sulphur, but they had
to bo plunged into a bottle of phosphor
ous mastic mixed with oxide of phos
phorus to cieate a tlaino. Various oth
er chemical appliances had alieady been
I lied. In isil a patent was granted lor
one of them in the I'nitrd States, but ill
IKIll the patent otlice at Washington is
sued a patent for ufilctioii match, and
since that time eveiybody who uses liht
in any shape is aware of the petfection
to which the inauufactuio of matches
and tiro 'lighting app.nattis has been
Thero is, however, considerable con
troversy as to the lirst inventor of fiie
tiou matches. It is claimed for an
American in Win. by the P.nglish in
1 ! and by tho (leruinns beloio isiio,
Whichever of tho thteo countries was
the ouo in which n friction match was
, Hint made it is at all events cettaiu that
thu Hrst patent was granted in the
Waltcii F. Koiieuts.
MODERN WAGON MAKING.
Iti-iuurloililu CIiiiiik''" llrii-ntly Wrought
In mi Iiiipiirlutit Imliiotry.
Siwrlul C'urii'spoiiilum i
PiTTSiiuiKi, Juno 8. Modern wngon
making, like imiuynthcr important niaii
iifactiiringiiiovements, begun dining the
Into war, I'rior to that time each part
of tho woodwork and every piceo of iiou
was fitted to its particular place by
hand. Ono enterprising firm conceived
the idea of duplicating many of thu
parts fiom patterns, which lessened
greatly tho cost of production. Tlio in
vention of ingenious wood and iron
working machines reduced tho e.xpenso
still ftu titer.
Tho common farm wagon was first
made the subject of e.xpeiiincnt and
change, hardly a single p.ut of which
has not been improved. Uy tho old plan
tho woodwork was iiiado entirely by ,
hand, and a blacksmith forged every ,
piece of iron used. About a week was
necessary to iiiako an old stylo body.
Now the labor of making all the irons
for ono is equal to less than ouo day's
Seventy expensive machines aro now
employed in making ono ol t hese wagons,
tho diflerent parts being iiiado on ma
chines specially consti acted. Ono ma-1
chiuu will cut 800 hubs in ID hours. An
other spaces, botes and mortises them
automatically. A womleiful murium)
turns tho spokes, first round, then oval
and then flat, ut tho rate of 'ton an hour.
The sK)ko driver is a very interesting
niachiiio. Its action is almost identical
with that of a man swinging a sledge
over his head in making the blows, tlm
of which complete tho work. The dif
ferent parts are often fixed in place by
machines. The woodwork is smoothed
by s.md belts and all except the hubs
immeised in boiling liuseul oil. The
least progress in the constrm Hon of a
wagon has been made in the tires, for
notwithstanding all the inarluiHiy
wheels have not yet been made i luse
enough to uniform si.e to take duplicate
tires. The relation between tlio sii s
of tho w held and tile must be so i a t
that it lias hitheito been thought linpn
sible to duplicate the parts. Tires ait
jet welded and shrunk on for each w he 1
I Jy what M called tho "knockdown
b stem of packing as many as :iu wagons
boxes and all, are now put into one car
The hubs, spokes, liius, hounds and
bolsters are usually made of oak, the
axle-, of hickory anil the tongues of ash.
dliio, Indiana, Michigan ami Wisconsin
supply almost all of this timber.
Wide tiles of !t or t incln s aie quite
generally used because of the saving to
l he mads, particulaily in Ohio.
Tin re is still a di maud for special
iiiiud Hindu work, but factory wheels ate
ot superior vorkinauhip to hand made
'1 he i licit of these changes has gieatly
iiduced the price, but the workmen cm
plujed got better wages than formerly.
.1. II. HAKEIt.
MiiMhk I i I'nr II.
Wife When 'v go niiwUiero now, wo
Iiim i. ilk. ilefoie niaiiiage V'U ahvavs
i I d a urlaue
llunbind 'Unit s h wo liuxt to walk
. w New oik Weeklj
FOR LADIES AND CHILDREN
During This Week.
Wu roi'i'ivt'd a laru .shipment for llii.s department, bought
tlirough our N. V. rcsuicnl buyer from :i commission house at as.
tonisliiuglv low prices, which we place tin sale fully otie-thinl less than
regular price. The assortment is large and complete in Ladies'
Silk, Lisle Thread, Gauze Vest of (he latest ideas.
Also a full assottinenl for children.
A visit for inspection through this line will be your guide for
TAN SHOES RUSSIA OXFORDS
Mlticher Oxford, Piccadilly $;L5o
lul.son Tie, ( )pei,i 3,00
llultou Shoe, Opera, Tip, Turn 3.50
Mlticher Shoe, Square Toe, Tip, Turn 3.50
El). G. Y ATES
- bJL L't I ...
IMriil S MX 7x
;V w IFiv'VfV it JsVTJflA ffii I
"Dauntless Scorcher," "King Scorcher,"
"Royal Light Roadster," "The Majestic,"
"The Dauntless Compeer," for Ladies,
ulso tho Latest Novelty, the COMMON SKNSi: HICKORY WHKICL.
Nevor buy ti Whool until you havo boon us.
Cor. 10th and M Sts. Carriage Manufacturers.
MOVING household Goons and piANOS
None but Experienced Men employed. Latest devices for Moving Machinery,
Safes, and other hva y articles.
a E. MQQBl'S,
Bloch & Kohn,
The Progressive Dry Goods Emporium.
J 129 0 Street.
OF THE DAY
Wo hayo now in
nnd host lino
of Wheels ever
and invito you
to call and
Office, 1001 O St.
Ml TF I" JSi 7-SSf.U
S. 30. ST.