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The news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1901-1982, February 05, 1901, Image 2

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NEWS AND HERALD.
P!'RLISHIED . EMJ.-WEEKLY7,
-BY
WINNSHiORO PunuIsmsaN'; Co.
J. FRANK FOOSHE, .- -Er.
TER-M Z IN ADVNCE :('
O ne Y ar,........................ ....st.50
.Six M onthis........................ .. .75
WINNSBORC S. C.
Tuesday, February 5 - - 1901
EXPERT SUPERVISINN.
The Themas Bill, which at
tracted so much attention on the
part of the legislature, is printed
in this issue. This bill provided
for'a better system of county
supervision~ of schools. It met a
defeat as overwhelming as the
presen't system is a failure.
S'eventy-one 'opposed the thirty
eight who favored it.
But the- cause for which the
-bill stood is bV no means de
feated. - Nay, we canl add- it is
far stronger to-day, than it was a
month or a week ago. Right will
triuniph; so will thle cause of ex
pert superv-sion.
The bill, of course, had some
imperfectious in it. Some mem
bers of the house, however, in
their mad rush to kill it did not
give its friends the opportunity
to make certain needed altera
tions and corrections. Had this
been done the provision for the
appointment 'of the first county
board by the .State .hoard would
probably 'lave been changed so
that the selection would have
been made in some other way.
This first board as well as the
succeeding ones might have been
elected by the people. Another
cliige; wts also necessary. A
minimum as well as a maxinum
salary shor.ldhave been incorpo
rated ill the bill.
"O'ne-ni(a Po("r, and a whole
host of oth er concocted phrases
were the weapons used for the
murdeisof the bill. Underlying
these outward expressions, how
ever, was a foregone determina
tion not to consider the bill on its
merits or the merits of the bill.
Some may have been honest in
their convictions ini not support
ing it, but with a very large ma
jority the fear of making any
chahane, wise or otherwise, was
the:ruling factor.
Infortunately ihe bill was
d an administrative mneas
t ,.7 ti &dhor assumed
~elponsibility for th saue~.
irue, it accorded fully with the
suggestions of Mr. McMahan in
his annual report. This, however,
should rather have militated in
its favor, for if there is any one
that should be qualified for sug
gesting needed legislation it is the
head of in executive department.
We have said unfortunately, and
- that advisedly, for Mr. McMahan
like all reformers-he is an edu
cational reformer-,has hewn so
close to the line iii his determina
tion ,to correct the levils of our
..edubatiohal system ~that a very
large measure of opposition has
been gratuitously accorded him.
''hnpractical" and "t/ eoeti;cal"
have been the can~ words of the
politicians against his earnest and
courageous efferts for advance
ment all along the line-not
simply at the bottom.
The bill was not only not im
practical but was based upon the
soundest business p)rinciple.
Every business corporation is run
b~y the same fundamental law in
corporated in this bill. No busi
ness can be made a success with
out a competent head. Super
vising talent commands the high
est prices on the commercial
. market. The law for deternin
ing the salaries of superintend
ents of corporation is not what
the directors think should be
paid the office, but is based upon
what he proves to them lie can
. make'their -investment vieldi. A
small corporation with a hihi
salaried supervising officer may,
bring far mor~e smiles on dividend<
da'F than ,the la 'ge ~corpoyratioii
wvith a low priced'superintendent it
Thisi same law applied to schdolst
WoQuld mean that it were far better
to. shorten a"rms, If necessary, if
thereby the better returns were c
made.
The statement made on the i
floor that the need of our schools c
was not men, but mne~y was not a
carefully thought out. The state- ti
ment reversed is cur great eduica-, a
tional need. The same amount < a
of money as at present with com- ' u
petent supervision would be equal o
to a far larger a mount, with the .t<
present supervision. j
One of the muest accurate state- u
the whole discussion was that the
average county superintendent of
education is thelaughing-tock Of.
his county. This does not mean
that he is a fool necessarily. He
may be a good, straightforward,
useful man. But his complete
incompetency is so inconsistent
with the high duties he assumes
that the average man can notI
help laughing at the contrast.
it is no longer a mooted ques-.
tion that such men as can
not be elected to higher-better
paying we mean-office apply
for the position of counity super
intendent. Of those who. are
elected a . very large per cent
could not stand the examination
f6rt first grade teacher as re
quired by State law. As a matter
of fact the office is the dumping
ground for political faihres or
the first round for political aspi
-rants.
In this respect what a great
difference is there between the
present system and what was.pre
posed--and what is stilly pIposedh
Only men experienced in school
work would be eligible for elec
tion and their election would be'
removed in a very large measure
from political influences. Of the
present county superintendents
how many are experieneqd in
school work in the school rooin?
How many have successfunlv
taugihit? A good number of them
have possibly done some teach
ing, but we doubt that of the
whole fortv there is a single one
who could under any circum
stances Tbe chosen the superiu
tendent of a'town school with a
salary of $900. -And yet they are
called upon to supervise a teach
ing corps and hundreds of child
ren.
The plea that the proposed law
would be a removal of authority
from the hands of the many into
those of the few is the same old
demagogic appeal made when the
authority, formerly vested in
patrons was transferred to the
trustees. But what community
would again want the election of
teacher and all minor details
placed in the hands of the patrons?
No, no the trustees are the proper
persons to attend to these mat
ters. This very principle should
goverii the choice of a county
superintendent who should bear
the same i-elation to all the
schools of the county as the in
dividual principal to his own
school. Call this undemocratic
if you will. Democracy and all
demodratic. princip14s .to th'a
winds if the blind4l-iug of
wh at we cherisly-s .a goeoises ,
prlucip~le.gis retard the. intel.
ectual development of the youth
fejur land.
THlE THOMAS BILL.
Sedtion 1. That in July, 1902,
the State board of educaition,
upon the joint recommiendation
ofd tre governor -and the-Statfe
superintendent'of deation, shall
app1oinlt for each county in thze
State, a counity board - of educa
tion, consisting of five- members
two to serve for two years, two to
serve for four years, and one to
serve for six years, and until
their respective successors have
been elected and qualified. The
successors of the said members
of the said county board shall be
chosen by the electors of the
county for a term of six years t
each, two at the general electioni.
in 1904, and every six years there
after; two at the general election
in 1906, and every six years there-e
after; and at the general electioni
in 1908, and every six years there-C
after: Provided, however, That
candidates for these positionst
shall not be assessed in any pri- -'
mary elections. Vacancies shall A
b~e filled by the county board of
education itself, until the next
general election.
See. 2. That each member of a
the county board of education '
"
shall receive for attendance on itsb
neetings, $3 per diem, and 5 cents b
'or each mile of necessary travel h
soing to and from the meetings, C
or not more than ten meetings a
n any one year, the pers diem 'o
Lnd mileage to be paid -by ther
~ounty treasurer out of the ordi- ~
uary~ funds of the county, upoiim
lhe warrants of the chairman ofT
?r boara, audited and approved
s other county claims.
Sec. :3. That the county board
f educationr of each county, ap
ointedl as herein provided, shall L'
1eet and organize by electing
ne of its members chairman and ke
nother member secretary pro tri
am, and shall thereafter exercise I -
11 the rights, privileges, po~ers D
uid duties now devolved by law ti
pon the present county board) Mr
education and county superini me
ndent of education, severally of o
intly, and may use the se'al-now: fuer
sed by tue~ county su perimtend-I i'
it of edlucation until a new seal ti.
shall be provided by the board of
countv commissioners.
See'4. That the counti 'board
of edtalion of each county shall
pr ovide expert supervisioi for
the schools 'of - the county, and
for :II purpose shall emplov a
lask'illed in the science and
teaching and bf school man
agement, who shall supervise-all
the scIools 'of the county, instruct
theteaclhers, counsel the trustees,
assign teachers' to the schools for
which'the boards .of trustees have
not employed teachers by. July
1st of cach year, and shall further
serie as secretary of the '-county
board,'make for it its reports re
quired by'the State superintend
ent of -edu'cation, aiid.perform
Tich other' duties on belialf of
the said, board as it shall impose.
Sec. 5. That the said superin
tendent of schools employed by
the county board of education,
shall devotehis entire time to 'the
inspection, supervision, care and
managenent- of. the schools and
the.-schbol interests of the county,
under the.direction of the countyt
bo.ird; of educiti9, the State
board of education, and the Stiat
superintendent of education, and
in compensation for his services
shall receive suti salary as the
;eounty board .6f'ducation may
aye QbJ,,not, to' excedd ' , O a
year, to be paid by the .cospty
treasurer upon warrants oiAhe
chairmin of the county board of
education audited and appi-orda
as other county clainis.
Sec. 6. .That the present.county
boards of .education. and county
superintendents of education.'shall
be'superceded aid their offices
ab6li'siTd as 's66ii' as'the boards
herein provided for,"shall niedt
niid' organiid: PSiddd, how
ever,' That the couiity superit
tendent. Qf ~education of eaoh
cointyshall niake to the State
superintedent~ ofi.ducation the
annual report:required by law- for
the sohol6 'vear 1901' aid1902,
and upon a certlificte * fuom the
State superintendelit'of edication
that such report has been made
satisfactorily, shall be paid by the
board of county commissioners
the full salary for the reinainder
of the term for which lie was
elected.
Sac.7 That all acts -ald parts
of acts inconsistent with this act
be and the same are hereby ire
pealed. -'
A FAIEFIELD MAN.
While bomne met. are over-dlated,
which is not only an inidividauf but
also li public evil,19~e neverthe!esy g d
occasionally iome who arc under ae d(
Thbey are modest and retiring:; They
trem~ timidity ; 'an I what is meo e, ou
never h'ae the in hnar~t of -their tunral
o'r intellectual attainmett, hdieyer
gieat they mnsy be The only way' ou
een ascertain the-vaine of sneh-men is
to draw t bem out. I have in iiid a
dear brother precisely oft this e iarteier.
'lHe was a graduate of Sou'h Caro
Pna College :he clas. of- 1854, a- di
.,ar my senior deic u for a i ubar ot
yeaii,'while pastor of his chur~ch. He
wa6-a 6 Greek sc'tolar I ceember
um'or. n .a~ ii his house, :We 'rir~d
tolne t esa for .tudyi'ng~ the foritueebfh
~hapter of Rom~atn. ile rook :the
areek, an~d I 'the A. sersio -. I~ i-t
-ead the &hspter, g.vitng is ouwin var
ii n; and really, in a Jew instanoes
where the versions diffecred, his ow'n
ha ew additional light'on,' the~ text. -Hle
nook great delight in tbotany, and c. aid
eep yon deeply interested tor hou s
it' garden, orc'.ardl, 'oi fore-t Ie I
ntew much of the his-ory -of in yl
alades.and treer that h'ad been intrj.
laced from Enrope.
But-'J.e sometifne met with sea o;.s
if de;~ ression, it not 'f- despondency.
Ie had educ-ated his four childreat,
,hhe wer-e'all grown and members -otC
he church, but his pecuniary mI-anisa
r~eroquii4e timited, snd the future he
an to grosu dark. .t. one occa.iiin ,
8 he t Id me, he telt ao (aistreSedil
rom hi4 need of a little help thet~ke
afr hik -honse, walketi out into. the i
rodds, to ask God's4elp and op*' up lI
hrighter way. Hie really fe-lt'his h~
eed -he prayed -God ineard him.
u s re urn, a, he neared the hou.eC, y
e afw some one at the gate, horse- a
ack. On approuaching, the meisenger
anided him a letter from the hchool
)>mmissionler of hir- count' , conitainrit" r
airty-five do' rs p tyment for ana e-d
~counit t ,r teCscio g, a~c he hadt
*ig sinea given uip a l1st. lie had d
'ached an uari.. iiis de k ap'prehen-c
Ds Were all dtispeled, and he~ went M
h-s way -rej ici g. Who wa. thi re
1.n? Ie was Deacon Chiplpeli 0. at
rapp, of Faji field.- B ptist Courier. to
rreventedi a Tragedy.
Timely information .givena M r--. o er
)t.g, of New Srraitsville, Ohio, pre- I
tuted a dreadful tragedy ad saved it
'o lives A fi ight ful cough I ad lon I c
pt her awake every night. She had
ed many remedies~ and doctors, but
adily grew wor-e tunti; urged to tr y
.King's New Di e a erv. One b~t
wholly cured 'ter; aid she wrVites
a mnarvelons mi dicine also cured
.Long of a. severe attack of Piieu- ==
inia Such cures areyositiiproof
thre .js-tchess -meri-t'.of thistgrand
nedy f.'r curng al throat, ch~t and
irv.- tedles.O. g Octti1 'iad b1.t
. FLOURISHING SCHOOL DISTRICT
Mr. Edi/or: Fairfield county has
reai n i, 1 L . i t of school distric
-No. 1. It is in some respects one of
the banner sehcol dist ie:g in the Sia:e
We have three white schools running
nine months in th xes r al] suppoi te(
by a special levy.
*'ach school hotise is painted ins4
and otit, tuted with comnfortable seat.
anud liberally suppld with map;
globes ai.d charts bit above all th
teacher i. given tle hart support of
the patro::s atzd i: u itt h. a por
teachlrn, idcfd . vi; , ei not fee
that it is a plasire t > te.'e tunder
these circumstuncee.
W t.ile a!,' three e o d serv,
credit I will onls tel. ,t Fra= r vi t
as I know it be g. V1 h n I 1 m h r11
neary tw o s cars ag, th.-. v w. It.
enough esk< to Selt ab ut -n. ha
the pupils the h >ae we g-ite -f
paint and pworly s:ippe-t wi 1 n!
thin,-. Since then we hava a !do i r. utr
clotk blackboards enough deskt to r-it
all the pupil., a (eacher's de-k, % b ,ok
cite a-,d a 12 inch glob , hav3 pii:td
the bui:dikg thr 0ug hout n I ill tnic
blin4.> to tlha windows. We a e iiow
dril lit g for an entertainme:t t. ianii
monei for book?. We liiv- , 21 en.
ro: I uiment of :35 and an atted .'e o
:t. rhe children aie ini'ereta d it
scool work and I have never seen
pupil- mske more sati-factory progi ess.
I am gad to say that the esprit Ce
corps i; such that abhaugh perfect
o d-r hat beenm maintan:ed the lash has
not been u.e I in the ;chol ro iin sinc(
i have been here.
III clotit g ht me say hat ntich d
what l:as been dot e would have been
injossible without the aid of live
frustees and I wiih that every teacher
in the State had a trustee like Mr J. G.
Wlii g. Yours truly,
M. E. Bethea.
Bears the The Kind Y0d Have Always Bought
Signaturo
"MR WA.ES
An Anmusing Incident of a Royal Visitor tc
A merica
When the Prince or Wales mide hi'
tour of the States in 1859 he visited
Bilimo e on his return fI ( ni Rich
mond, Va., and was escor.ed from the
Cariden station to the Gilmore Houie
by the City Guards. then Bahlimore'
creck mili'ary organziztior. Co!onel
Joe Warner. who c -mmanded th(
guards, was a bluff old soldier, in~
ten-elr Amnerican, with most pro
nounced Democratic ideae. /.tter the
batt alion reached ih ' ho'e! .\fa- or
Swann, who had the prirece i ,charge,
invited the officers into the h->tel oar
lor t >hbintroduced to his royal high
nen () cour-re, one Wazrnter was
th ato fie so boniT id. Ad'Ya' ec~'z
toward the pruince he gratped las~ Oit
st retched hand, and, givin t it a vigo
am) very happy to make yotur cequain
ance!" T1he offi"~ora of t h Guardls
asaniu ed extpresioni camal -.vert thet
face of the prince; but, e vintg ;to
coantet as vigorousa a shake iS he h'tt
received, h- good huimore'll ex pr -.-td
his pisunre at the co-np'iment pid
Upon the return of th- Guoards to
their armory Maj r Llovdt Pi ks. who1
enltertained1 entireiv different lnotions2
of etiquett from is COI :.el, to .k him
to tak fotr his brnsquenesi. Glo: el
Joe listened in surpriie a' the' rebu'.:e
of hia suhordinatfe, and w hen he thad
concluded he said:
"See he-e, Lloyd, I took a liko g to
that :tiung' fellow; t her e's no(thlitng of
th aristocrat about him. Whv. he
ioemn't wear a bettter hit h ao I do.
He mray' be a prince itn his ownt cou,
ry, and tnaybe some day he',l be a
sing ;but so long a' he'- in2 the~we'reat
'nited State4 he's E-l WVaes an~d ['mi
Joe Warnr."-Yor kvide Er quirer.
tigimarck's Iron Nerve
Was the result or his sple ndid he .''h I
dotmitabile will and rremnend~ >U
mtergy are rnot tound where Stotma'ch,
aiser, Kiidne s- anid 13 weis are out of
irder. I you wa't these qiall'it s
.nd the success ther bhring, use LUr
Einig's New Lite Pubi. Ttiey deveh' '
very powe(r ot rrin and body. 0.21
-5c. at McM aster Co.'s drug stors.
"'Jobi:'" wyhisper ed tie gooJ wVom in
the de'ad of tnight, 'there~ at e butrg
"Yu go dlowl, dei','' reji id John,
h epiIy -'"They wouldn't dare it- ke
womnan." - Ph hidrlpt is Press
'Thi1 sea-ont there is a large dea.h
te amnong chi'dren 1 fromn croep a t:d
otg trou.1')eC. Prompt action will
ve h- iiul, eni a f. om he e ter ibe
st ases We know of n.th g ,
rt . it to give lant r lief a One
intei Congh Cure It <.an a.-o t e
led tuponi in grippe a- d all ioa;
ut lung l:oubles of adults. P;easant
lake. McMatter t>o.
She: "'But my mnoher sa' tih it a -
sid sioul d lnot coniver-e wiKth trang
Mt b eer Van der Ma-li: "I bow to|
' tmothe:'. wisdo~m. Pr'lthee, Jlet us|
t be atr-in2,L rj !"-Puck. t
- - c
a
11 the gTheIK IJYOUHYe Alwam Botght
nature
of4
- :, i. n:. row h.
..... r t ~ ore Qray
r 3rt r2,ub~lClr
- I
r001010S C
nessandci .'C s -
flrS a/'oi I? rb. i .
OTAi Af'
* t$O/$ ., 4!r hf~
K!b.So -
IV' Uery1- ' -
ON'E
ASSO RTE
Split a
WE WILL CLOSE (C
Come at once and get w~h
over.
Laude
Dyspepsi'a Cur
Digests what you~ eat
It, arti ficially digests the food an~d :id:
Nature in strengthoniing andi recnCf
--Ptinrr thle exhauisted digestive or
gans. I t e a s cv
ant and tonic. No cther prenara!tior
can appro~ach it in' elliciency. It in
stantly rieves anni pernianently carc
Dyspepsia Indigection, Hea~rtbuirnI
Flatulence. Smr mnach, Nausca
Sick I~eadache'-: r: la.Craraps anc
all ot her reuilt .i"m rfect digest ion
Prie 50e .:~ i 1. I :r- c~e cont~ ins 2 ; time:
smlLikY. Io. at dy~~spea aailed frei
Prepared a-E C. D'ITT 3. CO., Chicago.
n: -
n D 'C\ ne\eaC ru)
Ie -* ouC~ have nu dL I
u woul.:d have .a ( la
+ CELEDRNATED)
0 BUISTI SEED
E.E ad x (u have the -e (d
(f) rounri.
-- Call atnd we w iil f r
O nish seedl at the same
m 11ld prce at tle ~.ame
JNO. H.
McMASTER & CO..
'O HOM IT M4AY CIONCEh
be emur Ir y I. n (ir:1. .
~and'. J.i Lg. aUlMN.\ e ' t
18-3*m Admf~nin or.
JONEY TO L1END.
AXM PLfEP.\lEu ( TONJ.;()T I.\'l I
al.S-2n m p!r-d I o Ur [()\ (.
a Children.
You Have
In
Use
q For Over
Ify YR r
I 1ORIA
C:.. - m. v m.
LOT OF
DZEPHYR,
nd Single.)
UT AT 5c. AN OUNCE.
it you want before it is pgcked
rdale & Brysor-.
We znVz trade- wit, re, haigh-gr ad
and owis-p a E ATERs - he mug
ee t~rid tver ilYy-~ e A
Th~ w''! ! zo* choii.ks, chi
a' I anyth j ' I rV - . is combut i
a n d: I e n : 7r 1q i r . T e w il
a e p :h r ~ a ish- any
n ~ nd vr-igh'. You ca keep
y. mir om azi anza I ne ar-. rThey
an : I I )It t~ -.< -2 tid ct.Oi er 'am
a "I c a--tore. T1 a help -bott i trmer
.V :. - h~ea w coal stoves and
bo.x 1c:eeer AT < OSTI TO ('LOSE
\''Lave alho the te v, iw p roved ()O
lI*m s- \iOK E LE, ODORLES
COOKING STOVES,,
WXhy pay1 i;y v t dillara for a
rane :om a :m::whena 'au c~m
'uV v a , ...i.-: at li prico ftroun
ou tone *' V&- r u' have a re u
tMioz to .l.i ..n v'ho w ~ r'-at
I , core' :ai y Timz r;z'ey ,ef, at
n a. .h at' I iculated at borne
mm ai ,h-i--bt antt awaf'
R. W. Phillips,
185/
SIAIrN
!1ADE Y
tAThiLL1Afl
v. S.A.
XCAGTLY I1ATtws
JIATVRAL WofS dPi
AMY SVRCL
FOR SALE &Y
- For -ae b -
)be"r Drug Co.

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