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The news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1901-1982, February 12, 1901, Image 2

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NEWS ANI) HERALD.
PUBLISHED 3EMI-WEEKLY,
WINNSBORO PRINTING CO.
J. FR ANK FOOSH:B, - - - EDITOT
.TRnIs, L IAXtE:*
One Year,............................St.,
Six Months... ...................
W!NNSBOR(-. S. C.
Tuesday. February 12 - - 190:
PRACTICAL EDUCATION.
Henry S. Hartzog. LL. D., president o
Ckmson, in Manufacturers Record.
The South is synonymous wit]
opportunity. It is a theater o
golden hopes for ambitious met
The prizes held out to energy ani
genius are larger and more varie<
iu charecter and more: readil;
seized than in any other part o
'the globe. But we should no
blind ourselves to the fact that ii
most matters of industrial prog
jress we are not keeping abreas
pf the spirit of the age.
.Oar system of education is re
sponsible in part for this condi
tion of afairs.
The popular idea of the schola
1makes him a pale recluse wh<
spends. his time in the contempla
o tion of timid generalities. H
. studies mind as divorced fron
entities; beatitudes as divorcei
from bodies. The scholar is be
lieved to sit on the arid monitaii
top.bof scholastic.ism, reading th
starry leaves of heaven, feastin
ou. the, sunsets, jais souLmellowe<
d glorified by high thinking an
pain living, bu; without sympa
thy for the intersely sordid, prac
tical, struggling humanity dow2
in the fogs of the valley.
When he condescends to mingl
with the peeple for a season he i
teMed as the world treat
women, for the world believes no
so much in woman's rights as i
the right woman.
The greatest need of the sou.t]
to-day is the scholar in practica
life. We need more twentieth
century education fQr the twent
Jeth century.
TWO FACTORs OF INDtsTRIAL sUC
* - ~CES..
ry mus.. u
'es.
u rnst be skilled labo2
lihe natural resources
~cal array of the re
the south reads like a
,from the Aralbian Nights,
~ re Klondykes of wealth it
miountainous regions, millions
*acres of virgin timber on its
Iains, inexhaustible coal beds
ud iron beds in closg proximity;
.short, no. other- portion of the
Jaed Sates has anything' like
t~ .ntural wealth of the South
grar Statis.
WEY WE ARE POOR.
Why have other less-favored sec
tions-surassed us in the race for
imitsti supremacy? It is be
dansawe~have devoted - ourselves
excusivelyi making and selling
raw froducts. Such work does
not ddmand skilled- labor or tech
nical training. We have. been
livinag by our muscles, and not
by our brains,
Permit me to illustrate: The
students of the textile department
in Clemson College are learning
how to make fancy weaves.
South Carolina produces an
nually 800,000 bales of cotton,
which, at seven cents a pound, is
worth $28,000,000.
That crop ofcotton made into
fancy twills wudbrinrg $800,
Or made fato mercerized cot
ton figures would bring $700,000,
Or made into imitation swivel
silks would bring $800,000,000.
Tow, why not manulacture our
rointo finished goods?
ucts are close to the
we hat&-a conservative
aboring element; thelimaic'nu
ditiofiis' are unexcelled; w*e have
an abundance of water-power,
and the people of the south have
an inherited genius for managing
large enterprises.
TECHNICAIL TRAINING NE.EDED.
One thing is Lacking. We need
more educatipn along~ industrial
ind technological lines. Thie
main object of such training is to
apply science to the material in
terests of macn. The object is to
combine knowing and doing-to
teach common sense in a syste
matic manner. It would not have
us take less interest in the past,
but more in the living, throbbing
present. It would not have us
know less about the aqueducts of
Romne, but more about the water
supplynf New York
EDUCATION IN INDUSTRIAL DEVELOP
MENT.
The census of 1900 shows that
where the public-school term is
longest the average productive
capacity of the citizen is greatest.
In the United Stites the average
school period per inhabitant in
1897 was four and threetenths
D years; t'e average sciool period
for Mqssachusetts is seven years.
The productive capacitf- of '6ch
citizen of Massachusetts as com
pared with that of each individuaT
in the United States is as 66 to*
37.
If this be true for *common
school educatioi, how much more
striking must it be true. for tech
f nical education, that. fits a man
especially for productiveindustry.
I In 1882 England woke up to
E find that Germany was competing
with increasing success: for the
I foreign trade of the world. A
I commission was appointed to as
r cp"rain the cause. Thistcommis
f Oion, after a careful investigation;
b reported that Germany's mIdus
I tial growth was owing: to her
- splendid system of technological
schools. Since then England has
expended enormous sums of
. money is preparing hei -.sons to
compete with. the skill of other
lands.
- In South Carolina it was known
y for years that immense beds of
. calcareous nodules containing
a numeroas fossil bones existed in
i t'.ie vicinity of Charleston. In
1 1867 Dr. Pratt discovered, the
. large percentage of available
phosphate of lime which those
rocks contained. A company,
i consisting of Dr; Pratt; 'W. C.
f Bee, Qobert Adger and (.-G.
I business. From this little en&r
- Memminger, were chartered-to do
- prise has gro*n the great phos
I phate business of Carolina, em
ploymg in the aggregate millions
) of dollars.-.
3 For 200 years these roeks -were
looked on as useless excreseences
b of nature, but the application of
I science opened- up avenues of
opportunity that led to fortunes.
BREAD AND BUTTEB TRAINING.
I would not have you think
- that- I am" applying the "f1lul
dinner-pail" argument for -iore
technical education. I . do not
believe that the ability to mabe
money is a true-test of an educea
on
-an for- the duties and respon
bilities of citizenship. The-logic
of circumstan~ces enipels the
graduate in practicallik to divide
his time between buseuits and
books. It is between the Scylla
of biscuits and the Oliarybdis of
books -that the praetical man
must sail..
It is easy enough to sneer at a
so-called bread-and-butter educa
tion, but I submit~ that brea& and
butter are eicellent articles to
have in, abundaince. When .our
.country wakes up without i
breakfast in sight I fear that even
the parsuasive accenitsof D'emoil
thenes. and Cicero, in the most
finished Greek and La. pTh
tionci, could iiot'give comfor~t to
the multitude.
Technical education helys to
'produce wealth,. which' insures
endowments for- colleges. Col
leges are not self-sustaining. They
must depend for their existence
and growth upon government aid:
or private beneficence. A calcu-:
lation made. from the catalogues
of twelve leading universities
shows that the average cost of
maintaining a student over and
above the fees he pays is $245
per annum. Very few colleges in
the Southern States have attained
a genuine leadership in American
education, for the reason that the
south is comparatively poor, and
has not' been able to furnish'the
money to meet the requirements
of a great modern university.
Industrial education, therefore,
that promaises to enrich the south
will be watched with the nriost
affectionate interest by all inter
ested in. higher education.
CULTU~RE IN TECHNICAL EDUCATION,
Techhiical education has 'a cul
ture valu4 not inferior to that of
other lines of education. It trains,
strengthens and energizes the fac-,
ulties of perception, reason' and
observatio~.= The system'is sub
jective and objective..
To adopt;: an' illuatration. from 1
Garfield: A man may' read in
Xenophon's best Attic Greek that
Apollo flayed the unhappy Mar- ]
syis and hanged up his skin as a
trophy, but he never examined<
the wonderful structure of his I
own skin. Men are looking so a
eadily away from themselves <
that they do not observe the won
derful things around. Copernicus
discovered the circulation of the
stars a hundred years before Har
vey discovered the circulation of
,the bloodL
We study the story of the
forges of Cyclops, where the
mythical thunderbolts of Jove
were fashioned. Ho'many have
read the lifegf gessemer?. A few
Y-ars ago Bessemer, Mudying the
nice affinities between carbon and
the metals,'discotered that a sin
gl -dhaige' of coinliiaton would
produce a metal possessing the
ductility of iron andthe compact
ness of steel. One 'rail of this
metal will outlast fifteen rails of
iron, and'it cQsts but little more.
That invention saves -the country
$800,00000 every year, and
makes railway traveling much
safer. 1s there not as much culture
iliis in.thi'-story of Bessemer as
in that of Cyclops?
Culture is an incident of ordi
nary . thinking.- Culture results
not so much from the subject
handled as -from the method.
Consecutive and systen:atid think
ig along an.line will produce
culture, -There-is-no reason why
culture - and. wtilitarian en'ds
should be separate4 in -any
scheme of education, A sul ect
should not be barred out. of the
curriculumr- becise it- nas -'an
ecoionic beariig.
A DANYOE, OF TECHNICAL TRAINING.
There is-one danger'in techni
cal tiaining that ushoid be "'very
carefully guarded against. There
is dangereof acentuating.opecial
ization. An educated man "should
know something of everyhing
and ev~ieriiig bf ,Ant -
TheWadh . je abroad.-fo e
tion of geneial knowledgey' and
npon that should be erected a
sItrsti-icture of 1'dcial c enswl
edge. Theedagated man should
take, a. telescopic view- of all
knowledge and a microscopic view
of one gubject.
-- ' -M id N ift"
sowM CAROLbA HEORAH
Clemson Coege, Febray
nf. n
te physcal n
dfistiies fo - A
-would bo glad tq a e o
who a be interested i~
be
graphs or- char
acteristieviews of any ~tof-tbe
tate, paiicu~ayly suhas'show
he relations of'4ndustries-to eo
graphicalconditions. Prof. Ue'i
would 'also - 5ile to .have 'thie
names ind i~esses of p tog
raphers who-offer views forL sale.
It is a notorioi fadt "thit, for
generations 'pist;'geography has
been one 'of'the worsitruight sub
jects in. our . public school cur
ricula. It is only witbin the past
decade that scientific methods
nd principles have besn some-i
what general applied to the
gtuay and tea' 'ng of this sub
ect. Educators are also coming
to rea~ze: more,- and .more the
fundamental importance of geog
raphy assitfoundation for-the best
work, in history, languages, and
the "'hum'anities"' in 'genieral, as
well as the sciences...
In this awakening a revolution
is being wrought -in bethods of
beaching. Instead of the empiri
al statement of a vast array of
acts to be memorized, and to be
straightway forgotten, the true
eacher now appeals to~the pupil's
reason and understanding. In this
work, the next best thing to tra
eling and seeing 'the world itself
s to see . faithful representations
f it. in photeg tS and stereop
~icon views. .u it;- -'an be
shown graphically bow thre most
lementary' knowlege df r eon
urnihes- a Ikey to ~the 'unme
standing of its physical f~atures;
md' these, in tarn, account mi a
arge.measure for the: geograpgi
:al distribution of; resources and
ndustries.
It is this larger .conception of
outh Carolina that .Prof. Lewis
iould' set before the sehools of
he State by the aid of photo
-aphs and lantern / slides; and
his, it ,is hoped, will pave the
way for. the preparation of a rati
mal geography :of -the" State for
ise in the schools. *
The-work of' a ge-ological suE
reyin dealing -with the .kniot4
robema of age .and structure,
vo'uldgieatly facilitate this u
Lertaking in many ways, and it is
ioped ~that such a survey may
.oon be organized and put io
iperation.
D. W. D.
... I a .. Ta &ind 'he gls Awa Bai
Have You Ai
Backache -Tired I
Pains Across the Loi
of an Unnatural Col
They Mea
The most succe
Complaint, one that
Vaughn
This is a purely
in use that will effect
triptic acts directly or
normal healthy cond
READ WHA
I hiive been suffering
caused from the liver and KIM
to le down except shortly aft
11uldi e-qrtsofaa
I mUrnpletely flue at
terbi lnflame ad ex,
uee o p oate. have
able and able to attend to m
nearly two years. much
You may publishasMc
may be benefited by It.
Since then this gentleman
"6Vaughn's Lithoni
so far, and am now enjey
If you have any of th
LYON MANUFACTURIN
and he will advis
M Of all druggists or sent on
A ROYAL WEDDING
A Gorgeous Spectacle In the streets of the
Hague
The Hague, February 7.-To-day
Wilhelmina, the first jaliag Queen of
Hollacd, married Duke "Henry, of
IMecklenburg-Schwerin, who becomes
Pr;nee of tbe Netherlands by procla
mation in the Court Gazette this even
ing..
The weather was crisp, iunny and
inspiriting. Multitudes of country
people, all prosperous and happy-look
ing, many of whom wore the old gala
costumes, cherred the State carriage,
with its rea and white liverned postil
were aligned, six on each sid.e, .iting
their horse. pro.udly wi'h. lands at
attention.
Fifty Dutch Haire oede ahead,
then came a handful of cour:t officials,
with t' e grand master of ceremonies
n horseback, then a soach with the
Queen anid Duke Henry. Their
mother's coach came after it, and t ben
the chief military officials of the palace,
te Governor of the city, t wo auija
tat. en horseback and lastly a group
ofiafty mounted artillerymen.
At. 11 o'clock the marriage party
emerged from the palace to proceed to
the Palace of Justice. Queen Wilhel
mina passed dow n the step. on the arm
of te uniformed Duke, with her gr. at
white wedding dress sweepiag behind
ir,pnd the Queea mother in purple
id the 'Orand Duchess Maria andi
af a dozen ladies of the Court follow
ngin gltoups, the generals and ad
mirals, fairly gleaming with gold lace
ad iedala. standing at the salute on
bothi aides, making a truly regtl pie
Cure.
The scene when the wedding guests
asembled was moit magnaificont.
There was an acre of many colored
unifoims and beautiful gowns with
ising jewels and glittering orders of
he r .yal persona gea and nobility, and
the feathers and iowers of a thousand
wonderful bonneis in the centre.
Beore tbe procession entered the
great congregation arose and the choi.r
of one hundred voices sang, in six
parts, to BIillidacks music, the words
of the sixteenth and seventeenth verses
of the llet chapter of Ruth. The blue
urtains were held aide by the Court
oficials a:d to this music at half-p tt
12 the party slowly marched down (be
aisle. -
Firt eabme a dozen couples of royal
nd noble rela:ivea of the bride, men
in spectacular uniform', women in
rich colored gowns with a great array
of jewels. Then on the arm of Duke
Henry walked th~e Queen, in white,
silver and green, a heavy 'diamond
tiara on her head, a rich neckl-.ce of
diamonds on hey neck. wi:b a big dia
mond brooch on her bosom and white
gleves 10 the elbows. In both hands
Pile eld a bouquet of lillies of the val
ley anrd green, red and long white
atin ribbmn S.
Ten, as the chaplain raised h'a armi
in th" at titude of ble'sing, the couple
sank on their knees alid there was a
great rusie of re'ief.
The invocation was brief. At its
onlnion the Duke started to rise
and was 'almost standing whotn the
chaplain motioned him back, and ho
dropped on his knees again. turning
very -red and remaining tcaeling
While another hymu was sung, with
iad bowed low. Taking a large,
blue-bound bible, the couple wa kel
back to their chair.. The chap;.ain
spoke briefiy. His text was from th'
4th Psalm-: "L->d, lift Thou up the
ight of Thy countenia ce up -n us '
"Thie union," he a-tid, ' has alres dv
demanded sac ilcer. The tadband
has hd to leave his cu ry and p >
p!e, and the bride has had to leave thbe
side of a dearly loved mother. In the
filture,.too, be sure, the reverses of
ife will fall to your lot. In your<
aitual relations fulfill the duty of love.I
Man is the head and woman is the
er. Th pfral.t'panyme will also
iy of These 8
'eeling - Dizziness - Nervousness
2s, or in the Bladder-Sleepessnem
)r or Scalding Urine.
hn "Kidney 1
ssful remedy for all forms of Livo
has effected some remarkable cureg
's Lithonl
0
vegetable preparation and the onl
ually cure Dropsy and Gravel. V
the Liver and Kidneys, restoring
tion and eradicating all diseae
T IS SAID Al
CWoW Kr
,for yaft m Ansire or genel Drop.
ys.. 4A.244, phsaid that I could la but a shc
r being tappe Every tieo e was completely
on wsdrawn from crotum seea times.
the time I bed W pamnt cae.lI
cidng fluid. 0ws altogeanrsoi
ueegtbottlesof Vautgn'"s Lthontrip'
Sbusiess.m I can now ride my hors, a thi" 1 1We
Yfmy statement as you desire. I am glad togive It
Yours Ru.~~ J.- BMUXJ-W
writes under date of Aug. 11, 1900:
riptic has effected a permanent cure.i
.ng good health."
e above symptoms write to the Me
G Co., 45 So. fifth Stre
e you by letter In regard to your e
receipt of price to any express
JUST RI
---ONE (
All Fresh and]
Red and Wt
tour mlutual burdens.?
The choir chanted the last verne o.
the 133d '.almn. After the invocatioi
of the blessing of the Fsther, Son am'
Holy Ghost thbe Dake shock the cenep
lain's hands c~rdially. The Queen tdi<
likewise with a gratefnl snie, .th
minister howed low over the hanlin
the Queen, who Lowed lower, a'mesl
kneelinur
After this the proc.ssios quietly re
formed and passed down the Ris'E
whbil3 thi' choir .an;g a hymn of .Sc'ul
ler's to Gluck's joy tl ma~ie.
The Queen bowed her headI tow, and~
the chaplain addressed the bridal cun
ple for ten minu'e, earnesth' an
solmnly. At the shar, clicking a
photograph camerat in dhe press gal
lery the royal sextette looked aanno.ed
The Duke fidgelted nervously anm
blushed under the gaze of t he eltgre
galion.
The choir then sang anoth~r bymn
during which the congregation .ttod
according to Dautchi custom, as 'h s
presenit did duri'-g all the hymns
Atfter this the Queen buid Duke rose
and the Queen remioved her righ
gove, discloiing an immense j-we~ie<
bracelet on her wrist. The uinistei
stretched out his arms and the coup!
stepped forward a few paces, directa
in front of the altar raising, standing
on the embroidered arms of thei:
familie'.
linke Henry took the brides righ
hand itn his left hand, while the chap
lain repeate d the marriage service.
rhe Qiee' s'n i very erect. blush.
ing. Duke Hebry acted UerVonshl
Teir r espoz.scs conit~d n' t be beard
Fially the minister beid out a gok
plate. from which the Duke took
ring and placea it on the third fingei
of the Queen's righ~t hand. The Queet
took another ring, with a slight fumb
ling, and slipped it on the same finget
of the Duke'. right hand.
The Queen and Prince Consort thit
afternoon took a special train for L ac
Palace, and it is rumored that thi
Queen later contemplates a Europear
tour.
WILHELM1NA'S WEDDING TO-DAY
The Hague, February 6.-Fifti
workmien's societies witb bands of
music, and five triumphal cars
marched past the palace this afternoor
in honor of the approaching marriage
of Qeen Wilhelmina. The Queen azut
her future l-usband, Duke of Mecklen
brgSchwerin, reviewed them.
The civil marriage will occur in ?h(
presence of the nearest relatives at the
palace at I1.50 a. m. tomorrow The
royal party will proceed to the churct
in procession, and after the religious
marriage will returni to the palace,
where Queen Wilnelmina will hold
Court a' d receive congratulations.
A ga'a luncheon will fel'ow and at
15 p tn. the couple will depart on
heir honeymoon.
Teachers' Examination.
Au examination for teachers' certifi
ates will be he'd in myofice Febm uary
L5th at 10 o'clock.
W. L. R@SBOROUGHI,
-Um
mptomssP
Headache
-Chills-Urine
rrouble" '1
:r and Kidner
is
triptic
r medicine now
Lghn's Lithon
them to their
IOUT ITI
rs. S.C., July 21, 10.
r ftecellulartise
d and mtuted with
Ec, perfectly heplss
'Yg wieunde h
an4 *=
ans some poor suftem
eg. s.C. Vol., O.
ave had no ret's
dical Director of
t, Brooklyn, N. Y.'
. case.
Dffice, $1.00 a bottle.
:CEIVEDt
ASE OF- y
lone Better. Also
Lite Onion SV
indigestioe
dyspepsia
biliousness
tand the hundred' andrGeS
Iar ills caused by
or inactive lVU.r,
onaloogas f h
Ibody Aa blood-eleserhs6
has no equal. Putas in
Bottles, adsold atlie*c.
sus. mbb. .
JohnH.Mc~aster &Co Wmao
S. C.; T. W. Woodward & &, oma
S. C.; W. M. Patrick, Woodward. S. C.;
tT. G. Patrck & Co., Mds Oak, &, C.
HAVE YOU SENT THAT
VALENTINE? IF.
YOU HAVE NOT,?~
wHY Nor?
Call and see us about it.
VALENTINES,
all prices, at our same old
I - stand.
Your Valentine,
Druggists.
eve Fail

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