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The news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1901-1982, March 22, 1901, Image 1

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PUBLISHED SE WEEKLY. WINNSBORO, S. C. AY, C ESTABLISHED 1844.
(From Ederington's History)
Capt. John Buchanan and his brother
Robert came to this country fromr Ire
land a few years before the Revola
tionary war. Robert resided in Charles
ton and taught a classical school. He,
with eleven others, secured the charter
for Mt. Zion College in 1777. He was
a lieutenant in the war and was cap
tured at the fall of Charleston and died
on a British ship.
Capt. John Buchanan raised a com
pany in Fairfield, probably from the
Scotch-Irish settlers; served in the
battle of Cowpens and othr battles of
the Revolution. Be was stationed at
Georgetown, and at the landirg of
LaFayette, was the firit American
cfcer to welcome and entertain the
gallant Frenchman who did so much t
achieve the liberties of our country.
He had the honor of presenting La
Fayette with a fine horse. Capt. Bu
chanan had- a body servant named
Fortune. His name is attached to a
spring in a fine grove near Winnsboro
where Fortune caltivated a rice patch.
When LaFayette visited this country
in 1825 Fortune went to Lancaster to
see him. The sentinel at first refused
to admit the e!d African, but he per
sisted, and was admitted by order of
Gen. LaFayette, who recognized him
and was rejoiced too" the servant ef
his old friend Capt. Buchanan, though
nir fny years had elapsed since For
tune had blacked his boots. This '
not 6he only time Fortune nppeared in
public. It is said that during the
French Revolution, the Captain in
spired by gratitude towards Franc.
and dislike for England, sometimes
cn public occasions when full of mili
tary enthusiasm and good krandy,
would don his continental uniform,
mount his war steed, and followed by
Fortune, his body guard, would ride
up and down the main treet of Winne- i
boro to the admiration of tho old whigs
and the patriotic youth of the town.
Some years afterwards, the Captain j
converted to M er
apa
Ram repu%
1 state that in a co -eu
Bistory of South. a read seemi
in the town lbray abo e o battle of was
in peneilled Unotes, oore, that he tha
Stono, made by I the cannon at other
bijmelf Uan time he was ensign. His
that battle at ved near Winnsboro was
The old . profs
and di n Buchansa possessed high had t
character ceoijoined with who
ab' Drsonal dignity. tie weas pre- stand
nis manners and careful in his and v
rel. His por-trait whick hangs in premi
.lh. IoMaster's parlor is said to be a chief
'Pfine likeness of h- r and has the sp- of the
pe arance of an ok.. 4etyle first class Ges
Methodist bishop. He, to the c'ese of y ,ani
his life, wore knee breeches, stockings Youn
and silver buckles on his shoes. He froIm
hed several important Federal offces. tury ;
and was jndge of oi dinary during his at J
life. John H. Buchanan, bis nephew, churc
a gentisman ot great worth and piety, lives
suecceeded him as ordiniary, and held ded
it during his life. Capt. John Bo- exceli
chanan kept a hons of en'ertainmieut oratoi
for some years and in 1805 he turned hea~rd
it over to his brother Creighton Bu- Comr
chanau and nr nred to a brick house loss."
which he built on the hill. Early in Get
the century he induced- his brother Ann,
W illiam's family to emigrate to Winns- mer,
boro, consisting of tbe widow, her son preae
John B., one daughter who married son,
James Mc~reight, one, the Rev. Wm. the S
Carliste, wh~ne sons, Prof. James H. He w
Carlisle and Capt. John Carlisle, now He et
reside in Spartanbur g; and a daughter engas
who marr ied John Lewis. the I
He had rLO childien. He married there.
Ballie Barney Milling, the widow of sbroke
David Milling, whose two daughtera, 12 h
Sarah and Mary, married Thomas and 'fell,
John Means, tao young men from Chant
Massachusetts but of Ilish parents, a gret
whose descendants in Fairfield have sugpt
Leen honored for their ability, courage, Imono
kindness of heart and hospitality. Capt. the a
JHugh Milling, brother of David Mil- He di
ling, was another noble soldier of tbe
Revolution. a
Capt. B. died in 1824, aged 74. His brot
remains rest near the church cf whish broh
.he was the chief fone'He
CEN. JNo. BUCHANAN, j gttle
the eldest son of Creighton Bu-| his hr
chanan, was born on Iit'le River nesr Robii
Buchanan's Ford, in 1790. He re- he m<
ceived his academic education at Mr. John,
Zion College, and graduated at the near
South Carolina Coilege in 1811 Dar- at tb.
ing the war ot 1812 be was adjutant of nube'
a regiment in and about CIharlestors. lived
His first urbiform was spun, woven en ;h
and made by his sister Rschel The Ilow
wool sheared, was then woveni and t he latteri
suit made in on~e week. This time, IRiver
except in rare instances, all articles of 1805
clothing were the product of home b-- bougl
du~try among the people of Fairfietld. Cap'.
Alter the declaration of Dence Gen Phili
Buc'>anan taught ,chiool at Sillisonviile, chans
then returnsed to Winsboro, asudied of thi
law wi'h Capt. Claik, and was his to Co
partner for some yearP. the p
commissioner in equity. He inherite<
considerable property from his ancle
Capt. John Buchanan, and combine<
planting with the practice of law. A
a lawyer he stood for years at thi
head of the bar. He was a good stu
dent and had oneof the best libraries
legal and miscellaneous-in the up
country. His style of speaking wa
entirely argimentative. He had nc
rhetorical flourishes or graces of ora
tory, but snek was the cone lence in
hia spotless integrity that he was gen
erally Auccessful in his esses.
The war of 1812 renewed the mili
tary spirit which had begun to wane
after 'he Revolution and there was
great ambition among young men tc
attain military honors. The young
captain was full of the military eno
thusiasm of the day and was soon
promoted to the highest military posi
tion of maj r general which he held to
the end of his life. His competitor was
General Blair, of Camden, the Con
gressman who subsequently committed
suicide white attending a session of
Congress.
When Gen. Buchanan first went to
the bar at Winnsboroagh, (as it was
then spelt,) there were very few men
in the distric; who bad the ad-antage
of a college educarion. The only grad
nates or colleges at that time in the
district were samuel G. Barkley, David
Robert and Thoimas Means, Jono B.
McCall and E. G. Palmer, Wm Wood
ward, Robert Barkley and N P Cook,
9he left college before graduation.
Gen. Buchanan came into public life a
few )ears after the great senatorial
contest between Sam') Johnson, whose
sopporters were the Scotch-Irish, and
3lafes Aleton, the father of Wim. J.
&ton, whose followers were he Vir
niians and the country barn.
Party spirit ran high but the Scotch
Irish and their descendants sent Sam'l
rohnson to the Senate.
The war of 812 fused all the dis
ordant elements, and Gan. Buchanan,
young soldier and a graduate of the'
tate college and liked by his -numel
us kinsfolk and connections, most of
rhom were well-to-do farmers and
ubstantial Presb) terians, soon came to
he front, and in 1832 we ind him a
ader in the cause of nullification.
le maintained hid great popularity for
longer period than any other man
as ever done in Fairfield district.
'or more than a quarter of a century
e represented his people as a Repre
entative and Senator in the State leg
ature. He was a salendid election
r' he would ride in his sulky from
with his friends
tients, c6bined with a i tY
never forsbok hith, gave- 0
tion of being wis -profound. j
d, when hi ' it of drinking nec
xd to th en his usefulness, it .
requently remarked by his friends wid
hey would rather havo the old it is
al in spite of his failing than any As I
man in the district.. S i
condoot in every other respect
.alted. No one ever heard a payi
ne word from his lips, and he real
ie greatest contempt, for any one yvte
related a vulgar anecd'te. Hs up I
ard of duty was elevated, refined
ithout reproach. He hid a su- wa
disdain for the arts which is the safe
itock in trade of most politicians eral
present dayv. rosn
. Buchanan married Harriet
ue, a daughter of old Parson arist
rue, who came to Winnsboro has
Norh Carolina in the last cen- Stat
taught at Mt. Zion, and preached tion
sckon Creek and Water ee
e. uis eldest son, John M., pent
n Texas; Samuel, his second son, A
t 25 years of age. He was an det
at gentlemnan and a saperb dan
.When Hon. W. C. Preston And~
of his death he exclaimed, "The lant
ionweath has sustained a great the
eral Buchanan's third child wasla
ho married Rev. Edward Pal- rii
who is now a Presbyterian hust
sr in Louisiana. Hia yont gest not
Viiaim ;areighton, graduated at svi
:uth Carolina College in 1852. isr
s brave, kind hearted and true dent
died law, went to Kansas to Sta'
e in the prospective fights with deci<
re Soilers and spent t wo years inns
When the Confederate war sion,
out he was made adjutant of the the
South Carolina voluu'eeas and TI
orta ly wounded in the battle of appi
illy in 1862. Gen. Buchanan was folis
t advocate of - learning, a strong coni
ten of Mt. Zion, and lavished
in bestowing upon his cLildren
ivantages of a high cducation.
d in 1862. Mrs
CREIGHTCN BUCHANAN for
too young to accompany his ther
rs John and Robert to America atlte,
the levoution. and
with his wife Mary Milliken, ~H. I
in 1789 on larad belonging to in c
ther John, now owned by Edi. papi
ison, near Little River In 1795 the
ved wi-h his wife and chi'd en, proi
Rachel and Martha, to a p.ace I
acksoni Creek church ; the ciurch but
t time was being built of rough, and
in stones. His motlier, who her
with him, died and was buried she
Swest aid, of Jackson Creek be- hoo<
he Millit g burial ground. He conr
ards bought the farm on Little the
now owned by T. H arden. In hitn
he removed to Winnaboro and ant,
t his brother J-hn's tavern subt
Hugh Milling and Capt. James I.
p, uncle of CreigLaton Bn- an<
,n, .iyed near by en the east sid', self,
road, leadig from Belle's bridge I sel
umbis. Gen. R. Winan lived on I
ace now occupied by W. Turner. Son
TDiim. was a Tanist. thongh long
% 1, Scotch-Iriebman, who almost a
versally were rebels. A large pro
I tion of Marion's men were Soot
i Irish, and the history of the county
jilustrated by their deedp. The
tain had the good fortune never
meet anv of his kindred in battle, w
were all rebels, being assigned to co
mand at St. Augu.tine, where he
i mained during the whole war
lived in Charleston, but after 1776
*its with her sons S nith, Robert
James, moved to Jackson Creek am
her kin. James lived to a good
age, and was schoo'-master and cou,
surveyor.
When Capt. Pbiilips returned ho
after seven years' absence, his
f~r a timA, refused to be rec>ncil
him. The Cap-ain beirg a gentle
o: cult are and of high moral cha
soon mitigated the hospitality of.
neighbors and lived for many y
highly respected. He, Gen. Winn.
Capt. Hugh Milling were boon
panions and met almst daily at.
others houses to read the news
and discuss literary and politics
tore. His elder brother, Col
Phillipe, also being a tory, was
command or Winn.boro when Cor.
waltis iett- He was ajustand ha
man. At different times he saved t
lives of Whigs who were about to be
executed by the order of Cornwa'ls,
and he always endeavored to check Ith
rapine and crue'ty of his followers
smong them Col. John and 31I
Winn.
At the cl.se of the war he learned
that one o bi4 daughters was about to
marry a Mr. McMullin at a church in
Charleston where he lived. He r -
to the church, forcibly took his dang
ter, and with his family went back t
Ireland. Col. Phillips was a man
wealthiand education, and on his r
tur, to Ireland, he was appointedI
pension officer and held it for life..
Creighton Buchanan spent bis .
days an his farm, now owned by
Cants, near Winsboro. ge -
quiet, intelJigent and devout m4w
was much 'espected by his neigh
Re left surviving him by his first
risga, Gen. John Buchanan,
Rachel McMaster; Martha. .a bri
young lady, had diod at 18 y
age. 'he children of his second
were Eliza, who married J. M.
Elliott; Robert, who is now .
physician residing in Winn
Calvin, who removed to T
Creighton Buchanan d .I
aged 63
The Seat.
'hile this State is naable to
ly Confederate veterans
)wa of veterans any large pensloess
doing the best it can to aid thinn
n all pension systems;-buses crept
d the department found itsea
Dg pensions to many who Rlp
y not in nerd until the Confeder .I
rans organization took the mitstor
nd got the new act passed. Thin '5f
designed to throw every possible e
ard, nd is working well. Bev
very exceptional and unexpected e
Its of the new act have, however, r~
tn. The case of the Byrd crphans 'g
already been mentioned, and The f .0O
s has ra ct ired several subscrip . 1 , am
toward paying the amount of the am tato
ion which cannot be allowed-.as
other case even more neteworthy e er, d<
loped yesterday. There oan be no .had
>t that Mrs. Amanda Roehester of k lied, I
eraon county is the widow of a gal- 7"'Z I
fellow who gave up his life for
'ofederacy, and that she Is sadly The s
r ed of the pit tance allowed, yet the le*, s
requil es that she must have cer- t' Del
tea from living witnesses to her I to t
and's service and death. She can- fo is.
btain there. Yet she has writteni vs.
ene and ha presented that which
ally stronger than any other evi- SA
e could be. And it is up to the
a board at its coming meetirg to F a
J. wtather the letter of the att For u
tbie obeyed, shutting off the pen. is at
,or whether it can be allowed on the
videnice furnished. ' coll
t -board returned Mrs. Rochester's
iation when it first came in. The r col
wing was received yeaterday In I ties
qece. -10lpm
Anderson, S. C, n ha
March 13, 1901- e uld c
ar Sir: Excnse me for returning me.
Amzanda T. Rotchester's petition
pension, and papers connected rth,
with, and eapecially calling .iear neral
iton to.Judge Simonton's affidavit, t be
especially to the letter of Lieut. W. x mat
artless, Jr., dated June 20th, 1864, will
nnection with Judge Simonton's ying.
ir. I beg to call y our attention to ? Look
fact th-it a prper 37 years old *visia
es itself. ct Col
tm not a paid agent in this case, terday
know the poor widow personally letter I
take an interest in her sad lose o countie
gallant husband, whose memory Dear
as cheriuhed by her long widow- proved
I. It does seem to me that an "An a
t would sustain her claim unde egnalit
law with the testimony of Judg ret n
anton and t he letter of the lenten 5 C
row dead, and the other proof tile Ini
nitted. power
3 close uffilavit of B A. McCaliste seed ol
fficr, tln who ia an applicant Lainy panies,
.nd his tes'imony rukcd out, bea adjouri
ad it anyway. egnalli
was colonel of th, F, urteent comnpa1
h Carolina Volunteers, and m -with a
-earice endeaa r uent the nna be cm
oto t
the mch-bt to none
- y rthy womn.
truly youri,
Joseph N. Brown.
a: ts referred to read as
-Carolina, Charleston
persoally appeared
aton, who, being duly
b at he was the c0lone
4Twenty-Ahth regiment,
Voluxteereg Doufeder
- merica from 1862 to
-e. war. That he knew
Rochester, who was a
'A. It of his rglmat
le whilst serving with
in a chr~ge at Swift
That the
dto thepetition of Mrs,
sgned fiy W B
lieutenant commad
-genuine letter,
handwriting of Mr. Bart
the said W. H. Bertiess;
the date of said letter in
of said companz, i capn,
rook, having been ked
r and his .comrn'esit
y were goIlant men, the
ir.g 'eba almost annibi
ies in action during
he doe not know Mis.
ester, but that he .be
be the widow of his dead
jCharles B, Simontes.
Ath arolina, County ot
rappeed B A. cAE
duly sworn, saye that
* pnda Rochester
T ws.hat UM a is
re emarriage. That
IWN~ag-A. ochester,
Shot of JAdge
S ileatenants was
~~q~slurg-Va., I 1864,
W remlbeda widow
~ ghtned -a resl'
That
Is' ofhg
V' VV
nt at cha r
neuey'lnes at Swift Creek, ber
sbrg Vi.. wLer-he is now
r& me pleasure to say to you
was a goo soldier. . I never
a to sbirk in the timeof dan
Oimpany has lost many
ve me, but none better
I regret his loss very mueh.
a glorious cause, and his
be handed down to, po
one of those martyrs who foll
unse of freedom and all that Xln
do dear on earth.
Fery respectfully, all
W.. Bartls, Jr.,
Co. H, 25.h 8.C. V.
Corpi. Rochester is due pay
teber 1st, 1803. to May 7th,.
d some little money for cor- 51C
o of lost things. The exact
I cannot now send, as my th
y papers are away ; will, hew
iso as soon as practicable.
nthig with him when he wasP
is keep-sakes and other thinge
een previoUSly lost.
erited reputation for cugrin
ires and skin diseases acquired
fi's Witch Hazel Sa'n, has
e making of worthless counter
Be sureto get only DeWitt's
MMaster Co. l
ISTICS TO 33 coLLUcT3O. it
The State. . y
long time South Carolina ha.
a great disadvantage because -
'act that she has had no means.
Peing facts and figures about 18
ton mills, ete. The qny sta- th
available since the jrat de
ent of the textile indulstry be- of
e been what the newspapers
ollect and what could be given
Ds of the charter record. Hecee
owever, under a new act of the
assembly such information is C
fiially obtained through the C
shinery of the State, and- that
Me of great value goes without Cl
lg to the carrying out of the
one of this most important new
mptroller Gze::eral Derham ye,
isune tha following circular4
o the auditors in th. -several
a in the State: 1
Sir: As rt quired In the act ap- '
19th day of February, 1901. of
ct to provide uniformity and
y in the assessment of property
ble for taxation by persons,
r corporations erg'ged in tex
lnstries, at d canals providing
for rent or bire, and cotton -
1 companies and fertilizer com- ..
" you will immlediately, onthe
ament of your county boasrd of FA
ation, send retur. tf all mucb lb
ies in your county to this offce, th
tabulated statement giving, in as
. of ctton mills, tne casital Ti
A 5WELL LI NE O
5PRINGI
AND
SUMMER R
MANUFACTURED EXPRESSLY FOR OUR TRADE
IN ALL THE LATEST STYLES.
BAND BOWS,
CLUB TIES,
TECKS,
FOUR-IN-HAND,
, BAT WINGS, and
WINDSOR TIES. A
All 1Roadgi for your Irispeetion
..Popular Prices.*.
V. Walker & Co
ber of spindles, uiaber of
Jooms numb Piloed &ad W6
amut of bottom Consumewd-duriog ~t .
~reoeding p~er, agdgeother suzges Areiin the market to you 3 -r
on sSo * proper. And Paintad Painters
a otvettog i coppanis
sk. 9044 of Cotton
re gie ther -sun
s~zID ho I ezocla uie*
f th Statebard of eq aito. I
with eeap paint
wbich none sa afrd.
is an invetmeDt that pays a
dividend, and we want
The Town
Nobody knows all about c eountr to call and examine our
stock of Paints, Oils, Brushes and
d nothing, now known, will Painters' Supplies. If you want to
paint an% thing from a rocking chair to
ays cure it. your house it will pay you to cslIt-ad
see us.
Doctrs ry cotts Eul- Yours rsspectfully,
1 of Cod Liver Oil, whenJONl cIvIIf&CJ
y think it is caused by im
rfet digestion of food. Dugss
can do the same. JUST RECEIVED.
It may or may not be caused
the failure of stomach and Apet ieo
els to do their work. If SLE-LTDWR
is, y'ou wvill cure it; if not, -
will do no harm. -Costigf -
The way, to cure a disease FRIDSH ,
to stop its, cause, and help BTE IHS
ebody get back to its habit . WIES
health.CRA PIHES
When Scott's Emulsion ofSPOS
)d Liver Oil does that, itKNVS
Thepreenuinenhas
thi pitueSILVtEtR-P.LM CANDER'S.R
nonsotingr.
IfFRUIThaISHES,
-es wheeit st, itdntEc,2t. t.
-e. 0I Peer l ost. .Y o harmllr-a t , .,
1u T i e euine s ,.tr pop ty
s i this poitre to n i,2take -. M . ANDLLE'S..e
epp Itnf you. . ave nlott
rided ito sendeforo frea .CMD WEL
409ty TMhmssN . L. IlhNSTOI arsident.
oc.and$1,o al drggits soicis ourinsrane n yur on
IIE ANAGMEN OF HE -tryproprty

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