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The news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1901-1982, May 03, 1901, Image 1

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PUBLISHED SEMI-WEEKLY. WINNSBORO, S. I-DAY, MAY3, 1901. ESTABLISHED 1844.
sa incingyou on prices eit
-.mat your fiendship as well as
We have shoees that will no
- eenwocm and children. Cal
- soes kaggaroo calf shoes-sh<
-and =1ose guarant
I ef-Ihewo-ddftgreatestst
--SEE OUR
They please the eye.
They are made to we
on their merits
.defy com
FAMEI..0 IISTORY.
resstadvsIn Congress and in
ees-etse laerssa Hems.
esant and sneeoodin
of sifildcounty I
dedicate this little
:s- a duty I owe. to them
the. memories of
ofthi ancestors, and as a
4egen f my love to. my native
'The Author.
IF 5-INTRODUCTON.
"Old, people tell of what they
hane seenand done, children of
what they are doing, -and fools of
wht thyintend to do."
As I mperhaps now the only
on owaiewo nwsoeo
the~irs setler ofWestrn air
- knowledge Ihaertined
o pacfrom meouOrcesie
uhat Iycan gleandi aso "wllas
Statsti avofSoatharoln on
"Woord'snRemiildene." Ia
am wel aaro thefac hatmy
homly hraeolog wilot bar
betpI wrifrteases, I
Tsle-hem. plea e tie has.
ri T heyimprn madea toas
pardn t en eigr meriutsve
pen y nd istr ief acom y
my corrvesponentrs funished
sonlly eeivem~y (infrm
tin rm hitoy AHstI as or
in-~SThexrmet weten portpin o
Fair~ld an myrcorresponence
imiedui thedmicate thid lite
partin ofing the eries par
dewso theiranceintrs work aof
4eons fuly nile to my recorde
history. The a uthor. tk
"ldsueple ell ofiving they
whatte intpendi to o." itl
Aios from prends no holo
adanced ae wo lifew some hoe
the frsetlers of Wllterdn any
eora orw ofsos The iedt
to3uenworku h ae be pardoknd
in funraing mterlors itask
f preervin fort othaedriy the
nwlegeave rnetaied t
Satyaig fiend, arolicna,"and o
enWominrdt familissen. I:
"If the
Shoe
Pinches
don't put it on." That's a safe
way to secure foot comfort as
wel as peace of mind. There's
variety-enough in our assortment
of shoes for men, women and
forthildren-to avoid selection of
h There's SEE t
er, for we rSE Eo
your trade. t
t pinch, for Of U buy.s
fT shoes, kid thty b. f
es that we Se*z Soes
e has the
t
ac builders.
s
LINE OF
a
H ING.
rhey satisfy the mind.
ar. They are sold
at prices that
petition.
Ler & Co.
inhis work, for the interest im
mani ted in copying my remi- a8
iseences, and letters from cor- c(
vepondents, relative to my book. w
'When I ~a
riend ds, so JkedAvoler,
I've seen around me fall
Like leaves in wintry weather:
I feel like one,
Who treads alone
Some banquethall deserted,
Whose lights are fled,
Whose garlands dead,
And all but me departed!"
I shall begin by giving ". few
extracts from Simms' Geography
of South Carolina.
"Fairfield was first settled by
emigrants from Virginia and
North Carolina. It derived its
name most probably from the
grateful appearance which it
made in the eyes of wanderers,
weary with long looking for a
resting place. It is bounded on
the north by Chester district, on
the south by Richland, on the
west and southwest by Broad .
River, which divides it from
Uninn, Newberry and Lexington,
southwest by Lexington and on
the northeast by the Wateree
and Catawba Rivers, which sepa
rate it from a part of Lancaster
and Kershaw. Fairfield in on an
average 32 miles in length and 23
in width.
The soil is very various, com- I
bining the best and the worst of
the up country. The lands on the
water courses are rich and inex
haustible, cotton of the short
staple variety, is much cultivated,
the small grains grow well in
Fairfield, wheat and oats in par
ticular. The main rivers are the
Broad and the Wateree, both of
them contain fertile islands, some1
of them in cultivationi."
Fairfield has an inexhaustible1
supply of the finest granite for
building; several quarrnes sre now
in successful operation. A branch
railroad has been built from Rock
ton, a station three and a half
miles below Winnsboro on the
C. C. & A. Railroad, running out
about five miles in a westerly di
rection, to the quarries owned by
Maj. T. W. Woodward, Col. James
Rion and Col. A. C. Haskell.
There is a remarkable rock not
far from the railroad to Columbia,
four miles below Winnsboro,
called from its appearance, "An
vil Rock.
The population of Fairfield
County in 1S880 was 27,765, the
number of acres is 454,757.
Winnsboro is the seat of justice
and the town of most importance
in the county. It is a healthy
and pleasant spot, thirty miles
from Columbia and one hundred
ra fifty from Charleston. It is
n the dividing ridge betwees
he Broad and Wateree River&
[he town stands on au elevation
I more than five hundred feds
bove the ocean. The land*4
round are fertile, undulating ani
;reatly improved. T
By an act of the General As.'.
embly, 8th of March, 1784, Jokei
Vinn, Richard Winn and J
Tanderhorst were authorized
ave it laid out as a town.
ras incorporated December
832. Tarleton says that
ornwallis after learning of.
,eIjA of Ferguson at
fonhtiin, selected Winns
place of encampment in
780, it presenting good
ages for supplies from the
ounding country. He rema
here until January 1781.
iarquee was near the oak m
ront of Mt. Zion College. Al
iquiry, Gen. Sherman in Fehng
ry 1865, placed his marquee o
he same spot. During the reCoK
itionary war a large military
ospital was located on the p
as now occupied by George
[cMaster and was used by
rmies in turn. ,The British
ere buried in what is now
*ont yard and the Americans
e rear. Mt. Zion College had
rigin before the revolutio
ar, the charter was granted
ie 13th of February, 1777, by
-eneral Assembly then in seas
t Charleston to John W
obert Ellison, Wm. Strother
;hers. The school was di
nued when Cornwallis occup*
te town in 1780-81. in 17
ev. T. H. McCaule, of Salis
.C., took charge of the ac
id a new charter was oh
.1785. In 1787 the founda
as laid for a large brick
g, 44x54 ft. and two stories
id cabins were built for the
immodation of boarders. "Af
rdi, during the administra
J. W. Hudson under w
ive with the ' 'ts of the South
,rn States, the building was
geatly enlarged. First a three
tory brick building was added
to the rear and then similar ad
litions were made to the north
md south side of the main buil~s
ng. This splendid structure was
lestroyed in May, 1867, by an
ccidental fire, greatly to the
rief of the commuity.
A one story brick building was
;oon after erected on the original
oundation, at a cost of a ut
.500 dollars. In 1878 a public
raded school was established by
he consent of the Mt. Zion So
~iety, under the able management
>f R. Means Davis. This has
een continued under his succes
~ors to the present time. In 1885,
ust one hundred years from the
~rantng of the original charter,
t was determined, if possible, to
evive the collegiate feature of
he institute an din connection
ith the graded school to furnish
o the youth of our county the
>pportunity of obtaining a coin
>lete, practical education at home
it a minimum cost. After various
>ans' had been discussed and
abandoned a joint meeting of the
ft. Zion Society and the citizens
>f the town was held, at which
t was determined to issue bonds
f the town to the amount of
75,000, for the purpose of erect
ng such additional buildings as
ere needed. Accordingly on the
5th of May, 1886, ground was
>roken for the foundation of a
arge and well arranged brick
uilding. This is just completed
August 1886, and contains eight
arge well lighted and well venti
ated school rooms furnished
;roughout with improved seats,
lesks and all neceessary appia
atus." The board of trustees
iave recently elected Professor
W. H. Witherow of Chester prin
~ipal of the school. He was still
>rincipal in 1898.
As the Ordinance of Nullifica
ion, passed by a convention in
olubia, S. C., in November
[832, is a matter of history I
speak of it. It is said that there
never was such an array of talent
i our State before as was assem
bled in that body. Jas. amil
on, Jr., was then governor of
:ur State. Soxine of the members
o the convention were Robt. Y.
Hayne, Chancellor Ha r, Job
Johnston, George McDuffe, Bobt.
J. Turnbull, F. H. Wardlaw,
Armtad Burt. Stephen D. Mil
o)m L ilson, Daul. E
r, John B. O'Neal, C. J
John S. Richardsoi
W Barnwell I. B. Rheti
F. Perry, B. J. Manning -an<
H. Elmore. .The ordinane
Io-go into efet March ist
e was wild excitement 41
e ~ae. The Buckhea
cavalry, of which I wa
r, commanded by Capi
es who was afterwar&
* o he zak of Mjor
- toTbe arnisp
was to&.a
nlasnAtion," Ior thi
oreing r state t<
Gov. Hayne issuec
,declaring the
tyad caling
triots to sastait
tunateer wu thai
* of theM tant act
accepted reducin
or 10 years4he dutiei
to %2p cent, ad
-ras violat, and
-ver sinee. The
al~uliacation Con
from. Fair~feId,
18V2, were Win.
~ .4ea, E. G. P al
',Means and William
wil naturaly feel a
in -aHl that patains
great Civil.Wa-I
ye a brief account of the
Convention and're'ord
of the members from
County who signed the
The -Secession Con
eity#tadjourned
The Convention
of Secession
degateas
- ~we
&ais, nen of firmness, soun
nse aud tried fidelity to the i
erests of their State. The fir
mentioned died in April, 1862, th
second, the same year. Col. Joh
H. Means was killed at the set
ond battle of Manapsas, and Co
2enry C. Davis died of hea
disease, Aug. 27th, 1886, nea
Rideway.
There was a meeting in Colum
bia of the Secession Conventio
in Sept., 1862, and in the electia
held to fll the vacancies occa
sioned by the deaths of Wm. 8
Lyles and John Buchanan, Wm
J. Alston and Wmn. B. Robertso
were elected. The latter intrc
duced in that body resolutions c
regret, saying: "Since you aJ
met together, Gen. John Bu
chanan, Maj. Win. S. Lyles an
Col. John H. Means have paid th
last debt of nature and passed t
the Great Beyond. The two foi
mer on beds of languishing, th
last only a few days since an th
plains of Manassas, on the fiel<
of battle at the head of his cam
mand. All three of the decease<
were natives of Fairfield Distric
and gentlemen of marked charac
ter. Each of them filled posts o
honor and distinction and ha<
contributed to the social, mora
and political prestige of Fairfield.
Col. Means had been killed s<
short a time before the meetinj
of the convention that there wa
no one serit to fill his place.
The reader will pardon me fo
saying I was a Nullifier and
Secessionist from principle; I wa
a strict adherent of the doctrin,
set forth by Mr. Jefferson in hi
Kentucky resolutions and an ad
herent of Madison's and John (
Calhoun's 'States-Rights' Dot
trines. We fought, but fough3
in vain, and though 6ur banne
may never again be unfurled,
"He that complies against his wil
Is of his own opinion still"
Fairfield is now entitled to thre
representatives in the Legislatur
and one Senator. This county ha
furnished the State with one gos
ernor, John Hugh Means.
The Congressmen from thi
county have been Richard Wim
Win. Woadward, D. R. Evani
J. A. Woodward and W. W. Boye<
they served before the war. I
1884, Gen. John Bratton wa
elected to fill the unexpired tern
of John H. Evins of Spartanbur
(Cntinued on fourth page.)
TAS,_THE TIME P(
NE,
I I wish to rnnounce that I hav
3 MULES AND HORSES, r<
mated Horses and Mules, for r
1 THE HIGH GRADE
-always in stock. Rock Hill 0
Saddles, Bridles, Harness of al
Thaking my friends and
liberal pat ronage-to me, I very
ance of the same,
It1
Si
cAPT..ENN1NOS SE r
State Treasurer Approves the Scheme
for a Old So s Home.
To the Editor of The State:
Allow me space inyour popula,
and widely circulated paper to
give my endorsement, as an old
-exConfederate soldier, to the,
scheine of ustablishing a home I
for the hel less and needy
amongst the old veterans, as ad
vocated by' correspondence and '
editorial in The State, and while
ndorsiny the movement myself,
it is due to fairness and justice
that I should say that this same
idea was suggested to me some -
two'or three years ago by. Judge
0. W. Buehanan, who also sug
gsted that the town council of
insboro Fairfild County, his
home t6on ad couitybe mene
>ialized to dona-e itsW"A1;
woodland park, know as ForttineD
liture be petitioned to x Ae an
appropriation for the establish
t ment of such a home. I have no
5 authority for saying that the said
a town council would donate the
- park, but I will say that if it
L could be either donated or pur
t chased would be a beautiful and
r lovely location for the home. I
am only throwing out these hints
- to bring the matter to the atten
a tion of our people, that the sub
a ject may be agitated, and also to
place the honor of this movement
where it properly belongs.
ft. H. Jennings.
a Columbia, April 29.
Tot Causes Night Ala.
' One night my brother'si baby was
1 taken with Creup," writes lirs. J. C.
- Sniier, or ('rit tenden, Kr., "it seemed
it would btrangle before we c.uid get
a doctor, so we gare it Dr. King's
SNew Discovery, which gave quick
3 relief and permanently <.ured It. We
always ko'p it in the bonse to protect
Sour child, en from Croup and Whoop
e ing C ugh. It curelt me ofI a chronic
bronchial trouble that no other remedy
won'd relieve." I-tfallible for Cougha,
Colde, Throat ar.d Lung tronble--. .50c
a ,nr $1'00. Trial bttles free at \ic
SMaster Co 's.
Good, Pretty. NewVilapr
ISatisfaction guaranteed. Samples
1 for CA DaC. PRE)vIDENc E, -E. I.
FORTUN~
ASS D
for all by
The Plan of the
SPatuca
Plantation
. Company
-Lands-Patuca Valley, Honduras.
t Honest Management, iAberal Terms,
Strictly Co-operative.
r GRAND Combination of all known
Colonization and Investment Plans.
Better than any Savings Bank.
'Ahome and wealth easily acuired.
Summer the whole year. A hathy
a climate. Fever unknown. By the
Patuca Plantation Comp~any plans you
e become a participator mn the profits
S made from large plantations and other
industrial enterprises, besides owning
an improve individual plantation in
size according to v'our means.
s THREE CROPS'A YEAR..
MARKET AT YOUR DOOR.
~,Free Deed. -Free Life Insurance.
Absolutely no risk.
The standard of the Directors of the
Patuca Plantation Company is vouched
s orb :any Mercantile Agency and the
n t ns of Cleveland, Ohio.
, Write for full information to
-' Ua PA TUCA PL~A-rATIOs coMPANY,
408 9 Betz Baiiding,
Poui.ADEl:LPMEA. PA
)R PLANTING IS
e a fine assortment of both
-ady for work. A few aecli
ough and heavy service.
ROCK .HILL BUGGIES
ne-Horse Wagons. Try one.
I kinds and of the bes&mke
-he public generally for ther
respectfully solicit a continu'
D. A. Crawford,
Swia oao,s
cuae I. oaene
E boy, Send yow uam. and ada
TOO MANY
ON ILANED.
-JUSP' -ARRWEO, A. CARLOAD
f YOUNG MULE. I'hveirer.
)O -Head of. -Mule
on band, and bey must go. If io4
want to buy a wa'e come to se me
ud I- will se. ye. ceabper tha' y.
%n buy anywbere elo.
I have any price mule or horse you
rant iro.@30 a. Al1
0- d
Iood vorkers and .in gs
4ef6e 4Co to e '
Winnsboro. S. c.
TO CLOSE OUT AT
Cost.
A small lotof American
Decorated China, consist
4iug of
4Pitchers, - -- 20c,
Buttere -Dishes, - Sc
ButrDishes, - - 4oe.
jSugar Dishes, - 32c.
Oatmeal Sets, - -25c. -
- -at
4C. M. CH ANDLER'S. $
furniture.
W E still have a goo~d stock on hand
-he intest udesgn., best workman
ahiD. Prices have adva ced, but we
will give y ou the b 'etfit of the ld
priced for a short timse.
FURNiURE NEATI Y
IJOLS rERING DONE.
We h..ve ihe TwenatiethkCenturr, the
Ihtest invention 2; capt the c iaxa and
carried a ff she gold me~d I at the Pai
Expo~ition anad o:her expot~Isione. Cal
..n mecst'd I will tel 5on how to save
Lo:Wey in pu chau'ing' high grade ma
chinies anid also f'y, va-n detaiktd de
acript 01n4 of trsu m. Rtem' moer bome
dealess are the best'. Whets 'oo send
*goney to a di-tanst ei v In, answer to a
gloiung adverliserIr.enbt expeetinig *o
get a big barstaini probsablv yiu will
get left. Dona't be~ inken In by ihbarp
er.; buyv tromt rhjae who h ave a repu
tatin to ans'tain.
htAIINE4 REPAIRED AT
bMODE RA ' E PRICE.
:: stoves. ::
Air-Tight Ist rs, a'to Box and
Coat St. v s ast anid t~eioev c at, rather
thaun cs:rv . vsrn-'sil Rnnwher - sau.
St OVE' R EPAIRED AND
NO.'E AfADE AS GOOD
AS NEW.
TI he U ate' 'aler's Dearttmt is
emnos:lere~ Al c lia promptly attend
ed to
R:.W-.PhtilipS.

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