Newspaper Page Text
THE EDUCATION OF TI1E YOUNG
By W. M. Beard.<hear, Presidcn I o wa
State College, 4mex, 1our(1, aid of
the National Educational A>:
Among the naarvels of progress
at the opening of the new century
is what thA state colleges of agri
culture and mechanic arts are
doing for the farmer and the me
chanic. The yourg farmer is
given a thorough scientific ac
quaintance w:ith the soil, the
plant, the animal and their com
mercial relations. He learns the
characteristics of various soils,
the. methods necessaty for the
successful tilling of each, and
meteorology ia relation to all.
He is taught the choicest methods
in raising the standard field crops.
Each season he passes through
experimental investigation and
observation of raising forty or
fifty different varieties of wheat,
as many and. more spccies of
grasses, through numerous ex
perimentation:3 with corn, and so
on throughout the range of do
mestic plant life. In agricultu
ral chemistry he studies the com
position and nature of the soils,
analyzes the plant life and the
foods in feediag. In the botani
cal laboratories he studies noxi
ous weeds and the best means of
their destruction. In entomoloyg
he studies the life and habits of
injurious insects, their effect on
plant and animal life and the
most suitable remedies for their
ravages. The young farmer is
taught the laws of heredity, selec
tion and variation as fundamental
to stock breeding and rearing.
The most prominent of these ccl
leges keep (n hand only pure
bred animals as object lessons of
the several breeds for the student
in animal husbandry. He is
taught the comparative merit of
these breeds. Mutton and wool
sheep, the dairy cow, the best
beef-producing animals are
studied with a sole view of de
termining what is advisable and
desirable for the farmer.
questions arisaing like that
ing swine for bacon o d,
the most suitable ag irtheir
marketing, and the t method
of their'feeding ar pursued Ino t
faithfully. The a compi te
m of me for e
he studies most t ix
connection with the live animal in
the recitation room, and though
young in years, becomes an ex
pert stock judge able to compete
and frequently surpass gray.
haired men who have spent their
lives in the study of these ani
mals. The practical money side
of raising these animals is fol
lowed with marked painstaking
and eminent results. Young ani
mals of the leading breeds are
estimated from the sire and the
dam regarding the cost of food,
handling and worth of product,
all the way to the butcher's block
and the cash results. The rela
tive merits of the dairy animals
with their cost per day, their re
ward of p:rofit and permanent
value to the owner are determined
with remark able skill and clear
ness. The losing money battle
over a poor animal of any kind
is portrayed and the relative
merits of animals of varying
breeds for aspecific purposes, like
the sheep for mutton or wool,
hogs for bacon or Lard, cattle for
milk or beef, horses for drafting,
roading or speeding, are all scien
tifically determined and the re
sults tabulated for the coming
farmer. In the dissecting room
the anatomy of domestic animals
is studied a~s carefully as that of
the human subject in the medical
colleges. The causes and reme
dies of animal diseases are gone
over thoroughly, con tagious di.
seases are largely checked and
many minor diseases affectiug~ do
mestic animals are brought unde
reasonable contrul. Herein me
are trained for government servis
in meat inspection), inspectio , 0
vessels, cars and yards -g ii i~s
infectious diseases, andi for th.
secnring of proper sa'iitary c
ditions in stock yarak, and all thd
rapidly widening wor k of th~
United States Bureau of Atii
Intermingled with these stud ies
is a large quantity of liberal
learning in languages, saiences,
history and philosophy. Through
the efficient management of Hon.
James Wilson, United States
Secretary of Agriculture, ap
proved graduates of the best of
these colleges are given post
graduate work in connection with
some bureau in the Department
of Agriculture at Washington,
D. C., with a sufficient annuity to
pay their expenses. In a word
the educated young farmer of the
day, graduating from one of the
best colleges of agriculture and*
mechanic arts of this county, has
an education comparable with
that of the young man entering
any one of the professions.
These colleges also are taking
prominent in the higher educa
tion of wowan. They are giying
her equal advantages with
her brother for a better educa
tion and a completer life. In
domestic science, the sanitary
conditions of the full life in the
home are most thoroughly taught.
Intellectual and practical home
making and home keeping are
taught by actual demonstration
in the Department of Domestic
Economy. They are taught re
garding the location, construction,
finishing, furnishing, lighting,
heating and keeping of the home;
the buying, analyzing, testing and
serving of foods; the selecting,
designing. making arid keeping of
the clothing. All this work is
intermingled with the liberal arts
and sciences through a four-year
college course fitting a young
woman for any station of life,
from kitchen to the white hou;e
The term "alternate husbandry"
referring to the rotation of crops
had its rise the past century.
With the opening of the present'
century there is a new "alternate
husbandry" that cultures the
farmer as fundamental to the best
evolution of the plant and the
domestic animal. Scientific agri
culture helps to make ten acres
do what one hundred acres used
to do. It develops the possi
bilities of a better soil, a larger
plant, a fuller harvest and a fatter
oocket-book. It teaches the breed
ing of better animals and more
profitable markets. It makes
twenty cent butter out of the same
materIal as the former twelve
cent butter. It harmonizes the
points of the plow and the pen.
It merges country and town with
a betterment to both. The tele
phone, the electric railway, the
daily rural mail and express are
now within the reach of many
farm homes. The rural schools
will soon take on a fundamental
trend in elementary agriculture,
horticulture and domestic science.
The time is in sight for many
now living to find the educated
farmer among the most intelli
ge t, thrifty and independent of
A erican citizens. ThomaaJef
erson claimed that the greatsi
service a man could do to hie
couniry was an introduction of a
useful plaut, especially a neiw
bread grain. The colleges of agri.
culture and mechanic arts are
introducing the choicest bread
grains ever nurtured on Americar
soil-the educated young farn
man and woman.
For Over Fifty Years.
Mrs;. Winslow's Soothing Syrup has
been used for over fifty years by mil
lions of miothers for their children:
while teething, with perfect success.
It soothes the child, softenis the gumis,
allays all pain, cures wind eolic, and(
is the best lemedy for diarrhuea. It
will relieve the poor little sufferer
immediately. Sold by all druggists in
every part of the world. Trwenty-five
cents a bottle. Be sure and ask forn
"Mrs. Winslow's Soothing Syrup,"
and take no other kind. 1-1-17
Charleston Exposition Rates via the
On account of the South Caro
lina Inter-State and West Indian
Exposition to be held in Charles
ton, S. C., beginning December
1st,, 1901, the Southern Railway
will sell excursion tickets to
Charleston and return at the fol
lowing attractive rates from Rock
Hill, S. C.:
For $9.50, tickets on sale daily,
limited to return June 3rd, 1902.
For $7.00, tickets on sale daily,
limited to return ten days.
For 84.20, tickets on sale Tues
(lays and Thursdays, limited to
return seven days.
Correspondingly reduced rates
from other points.
The Southern Railway operates
1>uble daily trains on convenient
~chedules with Pullman sleepers
to and from Charleston, S. C.
For further informnati on apply
so W. L.. McGee, T. P. A., An
.usta, Ga.; W. H. Tayloe, A. G.
R. A., A tlanta, Ga.; J. P. Forney,
Agent, Rlock Hill, S. C.; R. W.
Elunt, D. P. A., Charleston, S. C.
Curea Ecz.-ma~ and I t -hing' Humecrs
Through the nluod.-uusts . othxin g to '1 ry.
B. B. I" ( Botanie Blood Bahn) is a
certain and sure cure for~ ezema,
itching skin, hnoirs, s ~ibs, seulecs,
watery- blist ers, pimple1, , :,ehing bonmes
or joints, boils, calrbun~ce', priekling
pajin in t he skin, old eating sores, uleers,
etc. Botanie Blomi Bahnmi eures the
worst anid mntost deep)-seated cases by enr
richimg, purifying andl vitailizing thre
blood, thereby giving a healthy 1blood
supplly to the skin. Other remedies
ruiay relieve, hut B3. B. 1B. actually (eure&s,
reals every sore, and gives the rich glowv
>f health to the skin, making the blood
red nourishing. Especially advised for
>ld, obstinate eases. D~ruggists, $1.
['rial treatment free and prep~aid by
,vriting Dr. Gillam 213 Mitchell St.,
AXtlanrta, Ga. Describe trouble and free
uedical advice given.1
A Winter Danger--Hot Rooms.
While it is true that there are
dangers and discomfort from ex.
trene cold, it is also true that
there is much more sickness and
suftering caused in winter by
overheated rooms, cars, etc., tl an
from the cold. As a matter of
fact, nearly all except those who
lead an out-of-door life spend the
winter in an atmosphere that is
warmer than the average summer
temperature. This is mostly due
to the fact that there is a want of
control of the artificial heat that
is used in warming our houses,
and in some cases for hours at n
tine no fresh, cold air is admitted,
and no regulation of the supply
of heat. The occupant, becoming
grad aally used to the increase in
temperature, does not notice it,
and the breathing of hot air goes
on, the system becoming relaxed
from the oppressive heat, while
the occupant may be under a
great mental or phvsical strain,
and, as a result of this, there is a
prevalence of sickness, including
fevers of various kinds, and the
people come to the end of winter
greatly weakened and debilitated
instead of being strengthened, as
should be the case, from the ex
hilarating, stimulating winter at
mosphere. This may be to a cer
tain extent charged to careless
ness on the ~part of servants and
those in charge of heating ap
pliances, and this has led to the
study of mechanical methods of
regulating the heat supply. Among
the most effective appliances we
know of is what is known as the
Powers automatic temperature
This can be applied directly to
the heating apparatus, and when
the temperature in any given
room reaches the point desired,
the draughts will be so regulated
as to reduce the heat effectually,
and on a change of temperature in
the room tLe heat supply will be
increased. Not only this, but it
can be applied to the radiators
for steam and hot-water heating,
or to registers for hot-airheating,
in any special room, as in office
buildings, etc , so that each can
control the heat of their own
Do you suffer from piles? If so do
not'turn to surgery for relief. DeWitt's
1 Salve will et m ick
ly, s saf'eiy, saving . t
expe nse an n< to
Ho0w the Church Will Ultimately Con
Ultimately; the Church is goin;
to conquer the world by conquer
ing the home; and it can onl:
conquer the home by going there
more than it does, holding the
hands of little children. I? Chris
tian nature is ever to take the
place of spasmodic evangelism i
can only be in this way. Th<
lambs must be fed with tender
individual solicitude. They mus
be taught and loved and traine
by men and women who see anc
understand that for them this is
the loftiest service which they
can render to the humani race,
and the deepest proof of their
own devotion to the Savior of the
world, if all Christian parents
of the averilge Christian home,
and of those homes which fall
below the average in faith and
intelligence, are to be tatughit to
train their childre:2, we all see
and know that it cannot be merely
through general rebukes and ex
hortations from the pulpit. Some
one must be what the pastors of
former days did in Scotland and
in New England-some one must
go in the homes as the teaching
pastor of the children. We know
that the general pastor of a large
church cannot do this. He must
preach his powerfuil sermons, lhe
must fulfill many pu blic functions,
he must supervisa the general
policy andl work -f the church;
give him as his colleague the man
who is trained and has conse
crated his life to be the teaching
past.or. This is the next step in
church organization and method.
which has been already taken by
some congregations, and which
promises more than one can say
for the future nurture of the
Church.-The Christian Century.
Moth1ers evryhere praise One
\Iinute ('ough (ure for the sufferings it
msa relieved ando the li ves of t he.ir little
>f thie trouble and1( dr'aws out the ii:
lTammaiitioni. Thue elhild ren 's favorite
Cough Curen. McMas~ter (Co.
A writer in a Boston paper
makes this pointed comment 'n
Admiral Evans's recent utterance
relative to high schools: "Might
Lot a New England high shool
education have save~d Admiral
Evans fr such a sentence as,
that every boy anid every girl
hiould be taug~ht to work with
TUt Js Pills
After eating, of a bilious habit
will derive great benefit by taking one
of these pills. If you have been
DRINKING TOO MUCH,
they will promptly relieve th e nausea,
and nervousness which follows, restore
t h e appetite a n d remove gloomy feel
ings. Elegantly sugar coated.
Take No Substitute.
'W Inter Homes in Summr Land.
Is the title of a very ne it and
attractive folder just issu-l by
the Southern Railway giving
complete information regarding
the various winter resorts of
health and pleasuie on and
reached by its lines, with rates
of board, capacity of hotels, names
of proprietors, &c.
This booklet is in a very con
cise and attractive form and will
prove valuable to any one con
templtting a trip for the winter.
A copy may be bad by sending
a two cent postage stamp to
W. H. Tayloe, A. P. A.,
Kodol Dyspepsia. Cure is not a mere
stimulant to tired nature. It affords
th2 stomach complete and absolute
rest by digesting the food you eat. You
don't have to diet but ean enjoy all the
good food you want. Kodol Dyspel.
sia Cure instantly relieves that dis
tressed feeling after eating, giving you
new life and vigor. MeMaster Co.
One of President Roosevelt's
Century club friend went with
him one night to a vaudeville
entertainment. Among the
entertainers on the programme
was an imitator who gave
impersonations of noted men. Mr,
Roosevelt was vastly amused by
the representation of himself and
applauded vigorously. Then he
I turned to his friend and asked if
the imitation was at all like the
real thing. The friend answered
that it was an excellent imper
sonation. Mr. Roosevelt threw
back his head and laughed;
"Well," he said, "If I'm like
that when I talk I must be one
of the funniest things on earth to
see.-New York Times.
A rfillion Voices
thanks o~f Homer Hall, of West
Point, ij. Listen why: A severe
cold h ~d settled on his Iungs,
causin a most obstinate cough.
Several physicians said he had
consumption, but could not help
him. When all thought he was
doomed he began to use Dr.
King's New Discovery for Con
sumption anid writes-"it com
pletely cured me and saved my
life. I now weigh 227 lbs." It is
positively guaranteed for Coughs,
Colds and Lung troubles. Price
50c and $1.00. Trial bottles free
at McMaster Co.'s.
The famous Gattis-Kilgo case
was decided again Saturday night
after six days' trial. Defendants'
at'orneys felt sure that they
would win, but the jury afts-r
being out. several hours brought
in a verdict for the plaintiff in
the sum of $15,030. Kilgo, Duke
and Odell were the defendants.
The jury excepted Odell from th3
vei dict, so it stands against Kilgo
and Duke. Their attorneys gave
notice of appeal.
Lewis Ockerman, Gioshen, ind: "De
Witt's Little Early Risers never bend
mec double like other pills, but do their
work thoroughly and make me feel like
a boy." Certain thorough, gentle.
The Battle3 Abbey, built by
order of William the Conqueror,
on the field of Hastings, was sold1
at public auction la-t week for
S1,000,000. The purchaser is ua
k nown. It wz.s said that William
Waldorf Astor was the purchaser,
but he denied the statement.
Foils a Deadly Attack.
"My wife was so ill that good
physicians were unable to help
her," writes M. M. Austin, of
Winchi ster' Ind., "but was comn
pli'tely cured by Dr. King's New
Life Pilfs." They work wond is
in stomach and liver troubles.
Caro cot:stipaftion, sick headache.
25c at Mc31aste'r Co.'s drug store.
When such valable old relics
as Marion's will ar to be found
in the old1 rubbish room of the
state house, it would seem exceed
ingly wise for the le-.:slature to'
make an ap~propriattion to dlefray
ttile expenses of having this old
rubbish thoroughly gone over so
that whatever is valuab~le may be
recovered and properly preserved.
The work could be done for a few
iundred dollars, and it should be
ILLINOIS SEWING MA
Why pay big prices for othc
the above high grade machine
UPRIGHT, - -
Inspect the NEW ROYAL
For one do!lar additional an
delivered to your nearest depot
SCARF PINS, SLE
BROOCiI ES, L A
CH A INS, &c., and th
GOLD WA TCII for
to the town.
C. M. Ch
For the next THREE N
each customer wl1
worth of dry goods
Cents' worth of wi
select out of the sti
chance to select s
serviceable for a p
only good for the ti
you aware that our line of Sta
tionery is the niost complete in
are looking for something in
that line come1 and gt ouir
prices. We know some fr':en
LOO KIN G
for a letter from you. So dlon't
disappoinit them. When you
are out for a stroll looking
a Xmas present, a nice box of
paper, we will suggest, (if you
cannot think of somnething bet
L ETTE R
writing of all kinds, we cain
suit you. Prices right, quality
'good. Come and get your
money's worth in quality and
Phone 30. Druggists.
ASSO RT ME N T
J E WE LRY.
SELLING OU F
Phone No. 9.
WVANTIED, Hickory, Dw *twood aend i
~esinio: rLeo nthe HarC
OEVERY LOf L
FOR TEN YEARS
- R -
machines when you can get
from us at the following low
- - - $I8.co,
- - - $20.00.
ET, - - $30.00.
y of these machines will be
e prettiest LADY'S
$20.00 ever brought
EEKS we will give to
o buys Ten Dollars'
for cash from us Fifty
iatever they want to
)ra. Thisggives you a
omething useful and
me stat an
HAR DWA RE.
New and large variety
best assortment we have
ever had, and p:ices to
Best English and Ameri
can granite, plain and
decorated. In this line
we make extra effort and
offer special bargains.
TIN W A RE.
Anything you may want
in this line. Call and see
me before buying. Sat
J, W. SEIGLE R.
Applicatiofl fo? Fillal Dischrp.
Notice is hereby given that I will
applIy to S. R. Johnston, Judge of Pro
hate for Fairfield County, for a final
shreas Ad'ninistrator of the estate
ofIT. P. Mitchell, deceased, on the 31st
de v of December, 1901.
R. G. BRICE,
12-6r4t __ Admiinistrator.
4p~ilitoll for Final__ichrge
Notice is hereby given that I wilt
ipply to the Probate Judge for Fair
ield County for a final discharge as.
E~xecutor of the Will of Robert Me
arley, deceased, on the 30th day of
JOHN A. STEWART,
Exr. Will Robt. McCarley, dec'd
J Westehester Fire Insurance Company
if New York.
Glen Falls ins~urance Company of ..
Rocewter (Gernuma -Insurance Comn
~inn of R)ch~ester, N. Y.
Cotton risks a ]pecnity.
Soliits s.hare of p)ublic patronage.
TOlR TAX ROTICE.
I AM NOW RECEIVING TOWN
ies at No. 4 Law Range.
O)tliee hours from 9 o'clock A. M. till
o'clock P. M., and from 3 o'clock
. M. to .5 o'clock P. M. '
Penai~lty will attach after the 3ht
.NO. J. NEIL,
1--- Clerk o Concil