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PUBLISHE .D SEMI.-WEEKLY. WINNSBORO, S. C., TUESDAY, DECEMBER 31, 1901..ESALHD 84
We make no idh
that no other house re
quality and price for p
d obt by our guarante
We give values that
the shafts of oppos
Will you see and shai
and there rever w
DRESS GOODS, TI
HATS, CA PS,1
T7EI STATE CAPITOL OF
*- whickis the oflicial don
the S6te of South Caroli
havieen 50 years in 1
- AtdAst healing con
- D'j.--iooriginally to -
0~ itMended, as
e political patriarchs
State-aver, toperve as the
f the authern Confederi
to-day but a semblan-e
Concepion Of fJohn R. I
who designedi. As it b
1a cost the.State of Sou
-associated with mn r
d ents i the State's hist
has' become abeidy one
historic struitures of the
At the. session of the
e, ssembly of-1860, while t
-was in the throes of the fi
agitation of the secessic
tioiywhich ended in the
- tion of teright of a
*seeede,-the legislative cc
on the State a ose repoi
the State recorids wee is
of dest'u-etion by fire, an
mended-that a fireproof
be erected for their safe.
In con*equence :vf this
Ale appropriation bill' l
dcptained -a clause aut
* tlfe iisEoT the proceed!
'ale of lots in the city oi
- 1ia for this . purpose.
authorizing thie. erectio>
ew~ State house was p
though it is clear that it
- intention of the leadei'
time to provide 9for. the
of a ceditable public'
-Judge O'Nealgave ihn
Hlon..Be nj~in Huht'of
the legislature imupercepti
the schem& of buildidg
building was laid Decer
1851.. . This building was
on the square then occu
* the old State bo'ue, fra
* r[in street,-the old build
stainding-at the cornerc
and Assembly streets. 9
mnodest structure, inte
serve as a wing of the
capitol. It was about c<
---at-a cost df $250,000 and
*the records had been re.
it, in the summer of ~18i
-the commissioners in
noticed. cracks in t',e
window arches. There
becoming more pronoiu
- amissioners empl~oyed
D FOR US THE REWARD
boast when we emphatically affirn
tails merchandise so cheap; quality fo
rice; and we dispel every reasonabl<
i Every .Purchase.
blunt Bargains that class corn
ition. petitors out of the race.
) Buyers never
Before known or heard of.
re in the spread? - The time. is.-ipe
,as a better time to save moneyi
UIMMINd, SHOES, CLOTHING
&C- Now is the tieto get.
Valker & Co.
so. JNierntoee, then residing in Balti
more,. as cons
Nier ee W d
the foremost- architects of iIs
edifice tin)e4ld-Airebtect Niernsee abso.
ile of i lutely condemned the strncture
i after and under his advice, it was razed
)a in to the ground, only a ortion o
- the foundations being eft, whicE
pletion. now remain under the west wal
some of of the present capitol. It wst
of the then that Niernsee designed th<
capitol structure whi now stands, thE
't - general asseM. giving sanctiot
to an 'issue of bonds for the "con
onetinuation" 6f the construction o
andsi a new State capitol. The adjoin
th Caro-- ing square - was purchased, an<
timately the building located upon itE
gic nci- present site.
~.gidi In antiiation of the approach
oftenggretcii~nflict. the work wa
unr.fverishly pushed until the wa
counryl practically stopped -it. A tram
ge ae way &'-as constructed to th~
getgamid (giarries on the river, an
nest g hundreds on laborers .were em
afiia ploy ed quarrying and dressing
tate to the huge ,piecezs of - mnte re
~mmittee, quire'd. W hen the work of build
ted thati ing was thus rudely stopped,'thi
- talented'- architect exch'abged hiu
rcomnge drawing instruments for th<
buirecom- sword, and did valiant service ii
u pi~ the army of the southein Con
at year jOn that moinentous day
horizing people of this State, February 1
of the L1865, when the army comm ande<
~Colum- by Gen. W. T.1. Sherman reachet
~o bill tlie heights, across the Congarei
. of aj river overlooking Columbia-a
seed,.- "Csey'a--Mayor Goodwin sur
'is the .rendered the city, as:.it was abso
at that ktely defenseless. Notwithistand
erection ing this defenseles dddition -t
~ilding. city was shelled' and the nev
redt to capitoJ, with its white- walls?com
leading pleted to the freize hine, 'was thi
bly into mark of every guner. Severa
a new shells entered 'th bare wmndo4
)openings, and five struck thi
o-stry building' but made little impres
aber 15,. sion upon its mas sive walls.
ei-ected' The old State house was' on<
pied by of 'the 1,400 buildings destroyei
tn 4jg y Gen. Sherman's army, and tb
ig thexgieat the southeast- corner a
f senate the new capitol was 'flaked off b;
It "'as a the fire which destroyed the 014
mnded to building. At the time there wa
rojected a large quantity of dressed marbi
empletd and other material for the build
some of: ing on the ground. The arcvhi
noved to tect estimated the value of tha
4, when destroyed by. Gen. Sherman a
charge $700,000, besides the mutilatio:
loor and: of the Leautifl .marble in plac
defects, on the fronit ~nd rear portico
aced, the' which is still ippaient. A min
to completely destroy it, whena
report reached the city that a
wing of the army above Columbia
had been attacked by Hampton's
cavalry. Gen. Sherman ordered
the powder removed, with the re
mark that it would be a useless
waste of ammunition, and that he
would "leave the:people so
poor that they would never com,
plete it," hastening his departure
from the city, then in smoking
Work continued in a desultory
manner until 1890, when it was
entirely discontinued, until the
session of the general assembly
of 1903, which appropriated $175,
000 for the additions now being
made, under plans of Architect
Frank P.' Milburn. A dome wa4
adopted in, lieu of the granite
tower originally intended to sur
mount the structure.
The granite work upon the old
building is pronounced by e
perts to be without exception th'e
finest in the United States, n,
excepting the splendid buildin
of the natioral government
Washington. The massive square
pillars in the lower corridor are
hewn from a single block of
granite, and are finished in the
best manner known to stone cut:
ters. It was intended that the
entablature of the front pediment
should be cut from a single ston
which was actually quarried and
on the ground at the close of th
war, but was never dressed, and 1
during the reconstruction period
the legislature donated a portionj
of it for a monument to a negrol
politician, when it was cut in two."
This is said to have been the
largest piece of granite at tha
time ever quarried in the Unite
States. During the disgracefu
period which followed the war
when the people of the nort:
weien3deavorng to secxw..
politicalights of the n
was "appropriated, with sA6o
property of the State, by t
I scalawags and theivei then i'
f control of the government. Oro*
hundred thousand dollars wf
expended in ''furnishing" th
State house with desks, etc., the
would have been exhorbitant'.
one-quarter of the prices charge,
and included such items as a -
ver plated water pitcher for t
governor's office at $1,500, cusp
dors at $18 each, and other art
Scles in proportion. A majoritie
of the members of the house o
representatives could not write!
their names, whilo a majority of
the members of the senate were
in the habit of~settling their per
sonal accounts by orders upon
the contingent fund of the senate.
IIncluded in necessary "supplies"
for the generaL. -assembly- were
enormous qu~antities of chamn
pagne ansd whiskey, which~ was
freely dispensed in the little room
on the right as you enter the
gallery of the senate. It was in
this room that John J. Patterson,
elected to the United States.
senate, declared that there would
be "five years more of good steal- r
ing in South Carolina," which be
RemakaJemocratic slogan. C
The beautiful Corinthian col-e
umns, ct from a single piece of ~
grang, are noteworthy specimens
of ttone-cutters' skill, while
the zsive foundations of qut
stn containing many inverte'd
arces o dstrbute the weighit,
are marvels to modern builders.
The building was first occupied
by the general assembly of 1869.
During the exciting events whio
followed the campaign of 1876, it
was literally bombarded by .the A
opposing political' parties, and
-two bodies each elaiming to be
the legally elected house of rep
resentatives and each with its
complement of officers, meeting
in the same r-the hall of the
house of representatives-aI
pitched battle was iminent, until
the recognition of the Democratic
speaker by former Republicans
gave a decisive turn to affairs.1
tKodol Dyspepsia. Cure Is not a mere
stimulant to tired nature. It affords
the stomach complete and absolute
rest by digesting the food you eat. You
don't have to diet but can enjoy all the4
good food you want. Kodoi Dyspep
sia Cure instantly relieves that die
tressed feeling after eating, giving you
new life and vigor. McMaster Co.
50UTHI CAROLINA COLLEGE REflI
'President James H. Carlisle, of WVof
ford College, in News and Courier.)
,A student entering the soph
~more ela.'s of the Southi Caro
ina College in February, 1842
~ound a faculty in which thern
was no member 50 years of age
Dr. Robert Henry, the senioi
,rofessor, was president pro teg
gruh the year and was for.
plput into that office in De
~ember. Although a former pupi]
was now his colleague, (Prof J
R. Thornwell.) he had not quitd
inished his 50th year. Dr. WiI
Liam Harper, next in age, wai
>ne year his junior. Dr. Francis
ieber, most widely known of al:
he professors, was only 42.
The new studenit was struell
vith the fresh traditions of tw(
>fficers who had:tecently left th<
Jollege, President R. W. Barn
etl and the Rev. Stephen Elliott
~haplain. The young men privi
aged to be under these instruc
ors seem to have been greatly
mpressed, partly by what these
ne ught, but chiefly by what
Sof his coileigues told me
ft rds that he had knowr
President Barnwell to walk thi
Ioor of his study in mortificatioi
ad shame, in agony even, be.
sause of some disorderly or un
rorth conduct of students. This
yrofessor thought that the~ presi
ent may have been too acutely
iensitive or exacting. But Dr.
Barnwell had before him al rays
Svery high standard of conduct
Te could not see why the youna
nen, called from the schools 01
he State to the privileges of
igher education, should& have a
:ode of manners and morals en
irely distinict from that which:
ras -binding on young men ol
'~a in other callins .
is oTa rterandage:
~b~.~w~re prdetzon every
herw, except in a college cam
us"The college boys of that
mie seemed to draw a well-'de
ned circle, within which were
be thipgs counted mean and low.
ito that circle very fe w students
ared to intrude. U-fortunately
be radius of that circle was
ather short. Important fields of
i an~d conduct were outside of
that should have been included~.
f their code of conduit had been
ymmetrical and complete; if they
ad been to attentive to all the
irtues and graces of character
s they were to mne. favorrite
nes, what splendic~ f .w thy
rould have been! 4 - 4
-The intercourse jetween pro
assors and studinits in oun. day
as rather formni~d restirained.
required soudr boldness for a
tudent to go . g .professor's
tudy for counn qreV'en. to stay
ehiid at the c e~of a. reacittion
arany help. efar'of "boot
eking" was cawied! -to an exces
ive degree. B~othi .yarties felt
mpulses~ 'and desires. that were
ft ignoble, but these - had .to. be
epresed. A chaing fnmong the
olleges in 4his~ respect is nodw
vident. Let us take for grane
at the ugly . word,' the ,ugly
ing it means, ud the extrerre
read of it, have all. disappeared
rom the campus.
'he associatio. of theistudents
maong themselv1es was entirely
ordialand free. * Up.-country Cr
uw-country, Democrat sor. Whig;
ich or poor -these words mighit
ave saggested lines of fierce, di
son , but they never did.o. No
~oung man failed to gain his hold
n the students because of his
ecognized, accepted poverty. No
ong man gained a 1 isting hold
iecause of any show of wealth.
'his seems to be a characteristic
f most American colleges to .a
aarked degree. May it never be
The college uniform, a dark,
ong-tailed coat, wvith. straight
reast and standing collar, wvas
oing out of use.
The two literary societies were
ralble features of college life.
lraditions reached us of a time
when after adjournment on Satuar
lay night the members, dIrawn upJ
) opposite 'side of the campus,
would indulge in guerrilla warfare
with sticks and stones. There~
was ith1al1n our time to make
I WANT TO
these storis credible. Tihe sym
bols on the watch-keys and reqd
ing stands gave Clariosophics a
chance to say to us, "Oar union
is of hearts, your Euphradian
union is of hands." In selecting
room inates or friends society
lines were not considered. A
good speech in one hall was
noised abroad in the other.
The athletic spirit has helped
to lessen the outbreaks of animal
life, too numerous in those days.
The gushing energy of a healthy,
growing young man is like the
"liquid air" that is now startlino
the scientific world. Confined
too closely, it may explode with
destructive power, but left with
an opening it may pass away in
While we were going through
our s4-niir year an influence was
staited in the Old World that has
been of very great service to our
institutions. -A young business
man in London, (1844,) Mr.
George Williams, gathered a few
young clerks for intellectual and
moral improvement. To-day the
Young Men's Christian Associa
tions are a mighty power for
good in college-.
The college bill of inte1 ectual
are was about as meritorio as
of the steward's hall was
fedtive eves wished to 'leae out
Greek, special permission froi
the trustees was required.
. Examinations were all oral,
-with no cbance to cheat, except
where we cheated ourselves into
the belief that our hurried prepa
rations for these. hours of trial
The first railroad to the capital
was ,brmally opened June 15,
1842. At that time Columbia
was a small1own, with scarcely
six thonsan4'inhabitants.. It had
no telegraphilines, no telephones,
no street cars, no postal delivery,
no postal cards, no postage
stamps, no envelopes, no gas
works. no daily newspaper. Oc
casionally a correspondent might
write to~ the Charleston Courier
nbout the college news, but' no
commengemerit in out- day filled
as much space' in the newspaper
as is now given to a game of foot
ball. Distinguished visitors were
not so common then as :fng
Still at intervals the s tudents
were permitted tov "gaze bu great
ness." In the sprin of our inumor
(Continued on jage two.)
BO Y!OU GET UP
WITH A LAME BACK ?
Kidney Trouble-.Makns YoWe b -
papers is owqf.
Sthe' ' ie
.teenth ~century'; dis
ii covered' after years 'of
centiflc reseaich by
~'1Dr. the ~emi
- - nent and blad
- - e spelist- and is
wonderfully successful in promptly curing
larne back,.kidnmey, bladder, uric acid trou
~bles arid'Bright's Disease, which is the worst
forrm of kidney trouble.'
Dr. Kilmer's Swamp-Root is not' rec
ommended for everything but if you havekid
ney, liver or bladder trouble it will be fo~un4d
just the remedy you need. It hasbeen tested
In so many ways, in hospital work, in private
practice, among the helpless too poor to pur
chase relief and has proved so successful in
every case that a speciat arrangement has
been made by which all readers of this paper
who have not already~tried it, may have a
'samnple bottle sent free by mall, also a book
telling more about Swamp-oot and how to
find out if you have kidn'cy or bladder trouble.
When writing mention reading this generous
offer in this paper and
send -your address" to'
Dr. Kimer & Co.,Bing
hamnton, N. Y. The N
regular fifty cent' smd Home orswamp-sRo.
s & Horses.
"Winter Homes in Summer Land. j
Is the title of a very neat and
attractive folder just issued by
the Southern Railway giving
complete information regarding
the varions winter resorts of
health and pleasure on and
reached by its lines, with rates
of board, capacity of hotels, names
of proprietors, &c.
This booklet is in a very con
cise and attractive form and will
prove valuable to any one con
templating a trip for the winter.
A copy may be had by sending
a two cent postage stamp to
W. H. Tayloe, A. P. A.,
For Over Fifty Years.
Mrs. Winslow's Soothing Syrup has
been used for over fifty years by mi
lions of mothers for their children
while teething with perfect success.
It soothes the child,- softens the gums,
allays all pain, cures wind colic, and
is the best remedy for diarrhcea. It
will relieve the poor little sufferer
immediately. Sold by all druggists in
every part of the wor.d. Twenty-five
cents a bottle. Be sure and ask .for
"Mrs. Winslow's Soothing Syrup,"
and take no other kind. 1-1-17
ofi t f
acce w ien parties fail to make
turns within the above mention
-datc. All mald citizens between the
ages of 21 and 60 years are liable to poll
-tax, unless -otherwise exempt, and ae
reuired to abake return of same.
'he Auditor or his deputy will be at
the following plices on the days speci
Albion, Monday, Jan uary 13. -
Buckhead, Tuesday, January 14.
Wolling, Wednesday, January 15.
Crosbyville, Thursday, January 16.
Woodward. Friday, January 17.
White Oak, Saturday, January 18.
Gladden's Grove, Monday, January
Flint Hill, Wednesday, Janua 22.
Longtown, Thursday, January2.
Centreville, Frida , January 2.
- M. L. Cooper's, aturday, January
w Tuesda, January 28. -
Ridgeway, Wednesay, January 29.
Horeb, Friday, January 31.
Jenkinsville -Tuesday, February 4.
Monticello, Vednesda~y, February 5.
12-13 Auditor Fairfield C5o.
I have io or 12 real nice
*Horses that -I will sell cheap
or will ra'de them for thin
mules. Ifyou need a horse
come to see me arnd I will let
you have pne- that will give
* hai e four very fne Milch
Cows tha~t I will sell or trade
them for 4ry cattle,
ANpintiol fgr Firii smDirg.
Notice is hereby given that I will
apply to S. R. Johnston, Judge of Pro
bate for Fairfield County, for a final .
discharge as A dministrator of the estate
of T. P. Mitchell, deceased, on the st
day of December, 1901.
R. G. BRICE,
F~~ HAI BALSAM