Newspaper Page Text
. ULISHED WEEKLY. WINNSBORO, ESDAY, JANUARY , i9ol.ESBLHD 84
GOOD NEWS FOR FARMERS.
Cotton Seed Rendered Vastly tlore
ANews and Couwrier, 28th.
Mr. H. I. T. Heard, a bond and
investment expert and actuary of
Washington, D. C., arrived in the
city- a day or two ago for the
purpose of acquainting the
Southern people with the dis
coverv or inveution, just perfected
at the National Capital, which, he
thinks, promises to completely
revolutionize the cotton seed oil
industry. It is. underst6od that
the present process for the turn
ing out of cotton seed oil requires
the use of six different machines.
'Tiih' Farlane RIeinohl invention
relating to treating cotton seed,
and for which a patent was ap
plied for ten days ago, according
to a..statement made yesterday by
Mr.He rA to a .reporter for the
Newsnd Courier, will do away
with these six pieces of machinery
altogether. The seeds are placed
in a large vat containing a certain
chemical so'lution, and after a
lapse of twenty minutes the hulls
pv6 ,i d goat on the surface,
, iVletb e&nuded kernels fall to
f itopnof' the vat.
VifeStates Chemist Wylie,
of the department of agriculture,
has pronounced this discovery as
among the most wonderful of
modern times. He has studied
the matter carefully and be sees
in -it a peedy change from the
old-time methods, of producing
co'tbn-~ seed, oil. Cougressmau
Livingston, of Georgia, is inter-.
ested in the scheme. He has
always had' tB' wplfre of the
Southern farmer afheart and he
believes.,that this invention will
resul i * rdat benefit to them in
more*rays than one. By the use
of-tmdrtnAne for separating the
cotfon seed kernels from the hulls
and lint the small percentage of
kernels which adhere to the hulls
after they have been opened, and
the kernels whicli become entan
gled in the lint or fibre, are re
covered, and the lint partially
dried and -rendered fluffy. The
foltowing ,machines now required
ai:ciscarded:.Machine for clean
inbs eeiof sand, inachine for re
moving bolls, pieces of wood, etc.,
magnetic'. machine for removng
iron nails, etc., delinting machine,
Lulling aachine --and a reel for
separating meats from the hulls.
In addition to the vat Already
Ab mcitioned a machine is utilized
for drying the kernels when they
are to be transported a distance
to an oi' mill,' or when .the oil is
to be extracted immediately. iThe
se~l'ae teken directly from the
vat to the crushing rolls, the inash~
is heated. and the oil extracted in
the usual way. 'It may then be
refined or shipped as crude oil.
The crushihg rolls now in use are
adapted for crushing the seed.
"The product of these pro
cesses;".said Mr. Heard, "namely,
drie l c6tton seed kernels, reducesi
the ighit one-half and the bulk1
twVo-thirds for transportation to
oil inills, while the. cost of dle
nuding the kernais is redueed,
nxearly, if not fully, 50 per cent
as compared to 'the present pro
vailing practice of treating the
seed by delipting and hulling the
seed by iiechanical means. it
also leaves the bulls and the lint
in coiti~on for paper stock of a
very lbigh quality. This stock is
worth fromnone to two cents per
pouel, whule the kernels are in
condition for reduction to meal
for extracting oil. in both these
processes the chemnica! solution
may be used repeatedly by. main
taining it~s strength.
"Now in regard to extracting
oil from cotton sged, the first
proctess o'f tieating cotton seed by
the chemical solution is carried
on two steps further, an~d the oil
extracted therefrom in three
steps .or operatious, as against
ten steps under the present most
approved methods known to the
ar-t, as defined by D). A. Tomnpkinis
in 'Cotton and Cotton Oil.' pag
24)G. The oil extracted fromu the
kernel is ignpregnated with the
chemical udl for denuding the
seed and serves as a factor in tinA
first stepf-re~fing the oil,'thr c
serving a .two-fold function. -
ext'acting the oil from the en ki
i; is fr~ee.d frmac the chzraicid a .
is adapted fo use' as a f >
pioduct for eattl op as a fe :til
4 zr. -
"The cost of producing crude
oil by these methods is reduced
50 per cent. And the oil refined
is equal to any olive oil on the
market, which sells at 80 cents
per quart in sealed cans. The
cost of refining is no greater than
the present cost of refining cot
ton seed oil.
"Another important point is
that in the transportation of cot
ton seed treated by the foregoing
process only the kernel or meat
of the seed is shipped from the
ginnery, thus reducing the weight
one-half and the bulk to be car
ried more than two-thirds. The
hulls and the lint (1,000 pounds
from a ton of seed) are worth as
paper material from $20 to $40,
at the rate respectively of one
and two cents por pound. This
makes a net gain of $9 to $18
over the present practices of
treating cotton seed to the step
of cooking the meal for extract
ing the oil. Besides this there is
an additional gair in the saving
of the chemica.'s for refining oils."
Messrs. McFarlane and Reinohl
worked and studied .over this
question for a long time. Only a
few days ago they completed all
their experiments and made ap
plication to the Government for
a patent on their discovery. The
fact that they have enlisted the
support of many of the leading
citizens of *Washington is evi
denced of the worth of the in
The saving inder the process
will, it is claimed, permit the pay
ment of :about ,8 a ton more for
cotton seed. It is also claimed
that it rmeans a revolution in the
business and millions of dollars
to the cotton farmers of the
South. 'It is proposed to or
ganize a. iniependent conipany
and givethe farMers a chance.
orri, ain Livii'son is'work
ing faithfully for the egarly plac
ing of the inventioif on the mar
ket.' If the discovery whiich Mr.
Heard is representing does all it
clairrs t. do, and there appears
no other view to take of the
m::t;er, it will be hailed with jo
by thousands of tillers of the soil
tirorughour the Southern States.
Mr. Hea-d is one of t ae lead
ing business men of Washingtor
and his thorough knowledge o:
men and. affair; at that city gives
bim a special titnes,; for the work
now oc apyinug his attention. Ht
is an interesting talker and b
gentle man of very pleasing ad.
dress. Mr. Heard will leave
arl eston to-day for othei
Don't Live Together.
Censt$patem) and health n ever g
tog ther. D~eWitt's Little Early Rie'r
prea)(te easy acetioni of the bowd.
wiiout distress. "I have been trou
ledI w ith cotiveness~ eine years." says
J. 0. O reene, De.;auw, Ind. -'I hxav<
tried m1 anjy remledies but Little Earl2
Riers fjivb best results." Meks~ter Co
Good Roads Lessons.
The lesson of good roads is:
much .needed one in the South
Su ern people, with their open
ge!erGas natures, are prone tc
wate~ and extravagance, and U<
forn of waste has cost them mor<
thaxi the bad roads. A system o
good. turnpikes, or even of th<
mod emn well-drained and well
kept dirt road, constructedl as
cor ~ing to scientific engmneerm;~
prio .ciples,.wouldl be ,worth mor<
tha a an extrau barrel of corn or
fra stion of a bale of cotton'-to th
acr e. Withi easy and cheap traiis
po -tation, ever y pound df market
abi value wuutd be gathered an<
so d, and not left to rot in th
fie ids, es is too often the cas
no w. Biesides this, country lif
w' ,nld be made more attractiv
an O2the value of real estate woul
Tie railroads are doing a gree
w oek both for themselves and th
c. rtry through which they sen
t' ree good roads trains. If the
r at no other return than the ai
'~x~r~ i gves them, the
me be well paid. but when,.
add tion, they take steps th:
sil 'nsure the buailding up'
their traflic year byv year, the
e~acs become large enoggh
ustify heavy outlays.-L ouisvil
A Cure for Lumbago.
'WC ilusfo m'~.,a "For more than a year I sutier
freim hu'nhn~go. I fially tr'ied Cha
7~d Pai Bhnan it oem
an. ~j if, whlieb all other remeedRs h)
I , . aji... to( ,, eo1 j) i(.- aster Co
The annual report te
board of directors of the di.
sary for the year just closed as
been made public by the chir
man of the board, Mr. L. J. 111
liams. It reads as follows.
To his Excellency, M. B. 3e
Sweeney, Governor of Soth
We have the honor to subii4
to you, for your information aV
also that of the general assemb
this our report of the businos
done by the dispensary duri:g
the fiscal year closing Nov. 1),
Examination of the various '
counts attached hereto, will show
that the total amount of cosiof
liquors, wines and beef, ec.,
purchased during the year,-as
amounted to $1,617,973.47, id
that our gross sales have amo
ted to $2,328,681.21 (exclusiv of
sales of fresh beer by beer dii
The net profit (to the Statb)
for account of the school fund:is
$120,962.25. The net profit,
that have-accrued to the counties
and towns, divided equally, mce
$424,285.87, which makes a tottl
net profit of $545,248.12 for tie
Year, on account of the schod
fund and towns and. counties.
We have for some time felt a
serious need of more warehouse
and office room, and also a safe
and commodious fire proof vault
for the storage and preservation
of our permanent records. Con
sequently we have had c'6nstiu~e
ted more storage capagity, and
also a convenient two stpry office
building with a comm ious and
up-to-date fireproof vs t, which
has cost $14,494.8t bes es other
The act approved Fe 19,190t,
forbids as to It5
per cent profit on' e
school fund,, and the pas year we
have made onA that a ount in
round figures -6 per ce , which
leaves only a very sma margin
with wbich to run the usiness,
and while it is true bat the
school fiud is consi erable,
amountiu at present t$ $611,
.354.38, it 's available v-y slowly
for payn ent to the schools, as
that is o- r only working capital.
We arl gratified to be able to
show su a high per centage of
net prot s on the business done,
especia! as the price of liquors
have be very high on account
of the l h rate of grain, while
we havC ot made any advance in
the pri, to the cohsumer.
The ystem seems to be in
very th ough working order in
all its.' tails. Respectfully sub
J. Williams, Chairman,
~. RH. Dukes,
'tate Board of Directors.
"Som inme sgo my daughter caught
a sever old. She complained of pains
Kin her t and had a bad cough. I
gave hi Chamberlainl's Cough Reme
Idy ace ing to directions and in two
days was well and able to go to
sellool have used this remedy in my
family r the past seven years and
have 'er known it to fail," says
James enidergast, mnerchanlt, Annato,
Jamai West India Islands. Thd
pains the chest indicated an ap
Iproac g attack of pneumonia, which
-Iin thi stance was undoubtedly ward
ed off Chamberlain's Cough Remne
(y. ounteracts any tendency of a
c old t ird pneumonia. Sold by Mc
It stated that J. Pierpont
Mor is now buying iron mines
iu v'av. There is no use ol
iron 1ling out any longer; and
if t is any more of it .in the
woL may as well come in and
Sgiv elf up to Mr. Morgan..
" ve noticed that the sale oi
Cha rlain's Stomach and Live:
eTab is almost invariably to thoso
:1wh -e once used theni." says Mr
J. eber, a prominent druggist o
C Iowa. What better recom
me ion could any . medicine have
Vtha r people to call for it whei
ag need of such a remedy? Tr:
th hen you feel dull after eating
wi -ou have a bad taste in you
m feel bilious, have no appetiteo
rwi oubled wirh constipation., an<
.o certain to be delighted wit)
th mptrelief which they afforc
F -by McMaster Co.
re is one thing about th
p -ition to sell us the Panam
e we would be able to get a
da 1 revolution thrown ii
-a would give our sroldie2
iiors something to praCti(
Wateree Winners. :
.1Xr. Editor: Knowing you have
ao- regular correspondent from d
bhis quiet community, ind for d
[ear no one else will give you the ,
news, I will with your permission s
give you some of the latest hap- *
On the evening of the 24th of
Dec. there was a XLnas tree at. N
the Mt. Olivet academy, and I
which proved quite a success. (
The tree was beautifully arranged ']
and Old Sante. Claus remembered
all present and even left presents I
for others who were not there.
The children recited appropriate I
speeches and sung a Xmas song.
Every one present enjoyed the
program very much. The school
is now quite small and the pros
pects are that others will soon
move out of reach of the scnool.
The Wateree Prize Club held
its 14th annual meeting on Xmas
nignt at Mr. T. L. Johnston's and
awarded prizes for the past year
as follows: Mr. F. A. Neil on
cotton and potatoes. Cotton
yield, 518 pounds lint from one
acre. Potatoes, 88 bushels from
Mr. J. D. Rawls on wheAt and
for the largest watermelon. Wheat
.ield, 9 bushels frnm one acre.
atermelon weighed 51 pounds.
Corn being such a complete
failure with everyone th3 club
had decided at a previous meet
ing not to give a prize .n corn
for this year. Mr. Neil is very
much wvorried over the many
medals he shall have to contend
with hereafter, as he has served
notice to the club that he expects
to win them all another year.
The club reorganized for
another year by re-electing T. L.
John on president and F. A.
ilcretar and treasurer.
1rib-Eide almost become as
family' reunions and looked for
ward to with a great deal of
pleasure by every one. Although
small now to what it was a few
years ago, still ei- hi member
works with the sar-1 zeal and
interest to make it a success.
The farmers are very low
spirited but know no other way
than to go forward with the same
sp-rit shown in the past.
We also have a few visitors in
Mrs. C. A. Wylie is spending
Xmas with the family of Mr.
R. H. Hood.
Mrs. R. A. Patrick and children
of White Oak are spending a few
days at Mr. T. L. Johnston's.
iev. T. D. Bratton of Raleigh,
N. C., was with Mr. F. A. Neil on
the 30th and 31st.
Mr. W. R. Wallace and Miss
Mattie Wallace, of Rossville,
S. C., spent a few days at Mr.
T. L. Johnston's this week.
Wishing the editor and readers
of The News and Herald a happy
and prosperous New Year.
Jan. 2, 1'102. T. L. J.
Finds Way to Livc Long.
The startiing announcement of
a Discovery that will surely
lengthen life is made by editor
. H. Downey, of Churubusco,
Id. "I wish to state,"' he writes,
"that Dr. King's New Discovery
for Consumption is the most in
fallible remedy that I have ever
known for Coughs, Colds and
Grip. It's invaluable to people
with weak lungs. Having this
wonderful medicine no one need
dread Pneumouia or Consump
tion. Its relief is instant and
cure certain." McMaster Co.
guarantee every 50c and $1.00
bottle, and give trial bottles free.
White Oak Whittlings.
The first v'ear of the twentieth
century is come and gone, and it
is one I think that will long be
remembered for its poor crops,
scarcity of money, and hard
times. It is said by old people
to be worse than the memorable
year of 1843. Of course3 I do
rnot remember much about that
year as it was the year before I
i came over t~o this con ntry. If it
-is any worse now than it was
then,~we shall all have a tight
e pull next year. But it is said
everybody pulled through then
1 and we all up here think we can
, pull through next year, if our
s lives are spared.
e Xmas was very dull around
ere. A the old saying is thai
overty will gente a - - L
bink it holds good up here.
The young people had several
elightful parties during the holi
ays given by Messrs. J. E.
ichols and J. T. Wylie, and
everal Xmas dinners which were
ery much enjoyed by those
The hog killing season I think
ound up to-day. Messrs. Wylie
IcDowell, J. B. Patrick and
1ibson killed .their last to-day.
hev weighed from. 250 to 486
,ross. They all have plenty of
og but not much hominy..
Our teachers and students
iave about all returned to their
Bev. J. A. Smith and family, of
Nren's, Ga., are with his wife's
>arents here. He preached for
is on last Sunday. When they
eave here, he goes to Rusilville,
krk., to take charge of the church
Mr. T. H. Patrick spent his
Emas with his brother at McCon
Miss Euphemin Henry, of Ala.,
d Mr. Henry White, of Chester,
were the guests of their aunt, Mrs.
r. G. Patrick through the holi
Mr. Sam Goza, formerly rail
road agent at this place, but now
of Columbia, is visiting his uncle,
Capt. R. It. Goza.
Mr. C. S. Johnston, of Winns
boro, spent Xmas day with his
many friends among us.
Mr. T. G. Patrick spent several
days in Chester recently with
friends an(d relatives.
Lit.le Moffatt, yonngest child
of Mr. and Mrs. M. Y. Bankhead,
has becn very unwell for several
Mr. C. A. Mobley is moving
into Hs n home, the Hamiltoi
--laall wio ' e ews
and Herald from editor to its
"devil" fr9m Sentinel.
For Over Fifty Years.
Mrs. Winslow's Soothing Syrup haI
been used for over fifty years by mil
lions of mothers for their (hildsn
while teething, with perfect success.
It soothes the child, softens the gunis,
allays all pain, eures wind colic, and
is the best remedy for diarrhwa. I1
will relieve the poor little sufferei
imnediately. Sold by all druggists i
every part of the world. Twenty-fiv<
cents a bottle. Be sure and ask foi
"Mrs. Winslow's Soothing Syrup,'
and take no other kind. 1-1-17
President Roosevelt could no1
have made a better nor mor(
suitable selection than he haf
done in appointing Dr. J. L. M
Curry to represent the United
States at Madrid on the celebra
tion of the king's "coming o
age," which occurs May 17. No
only is Dr. Curry in every wa:
fully qualified for such a missioi
but. his selection is peculiarly ap
propriate because he was tLh
United States minister to Spai
when King Alfonso XIII. wa:
born, May 17, 1886, and wa;
present in his official capacity a
the place when the heir to th
Spanish throne entered thi
world. Dr. Curry has written
book on "Constitutional Gorern
ment in Spain," and is familia
with the history and tradition
of that country. To the Spanisl
he represents the era of goo<
feeling between the two coun
tries which preceded the wa
concerning Cuba, while the presi
dent typifies the recent antipa
RPain a-d sweat '
hve rocficct om
with d..rekat Har
sists the dap
kes the .
abe. S thes\ "
N o ru;;h su - \ \
ue of Eurekca
n cans- \ -
Standard Oil \
Babies and children need
proper food, rarely ever medi
cine. If they do not thrive
on their food something is
wrong. They need a little
help to get their digestive
machinery working properly.
COD LIVER 01L
will generally correct this
If you will put from one
fourth to half a teaspoonful
in baby's bottle three or four
times a day you wil soon see
a marked improvement. For
larger children, from half to
a teaspoonful, according to
age, dissolved in their milk,
If you so desire, will very
soop show its great nourish
ing power. If the mother's
milk does not nourish the
baby, she needs the emul
sion. It will show an effect
SCu 'is, nw York.
The office of the County Auditor
will be open for receiving tax returns
from January 1st to February 2th
returns to be made of real estate and
personal property. A penalty will
accrue when parties fail to make re
turns within the above mentioned
dates. All male citizens between the
ages 6T 21 and 60 years are liable to poll
tax, unless otherwise exempt, and are
reuired to make return of same.
The Auditor or his deputy will be at
the following'places on the days speci
Albion, Monday, January 13.
Buckhead, Tuesday,. January 14.
WolnWednesday, January 15.
Crsyille, Thursday, January 16. .
SWoodward. Friday, January 17.
White Oak, Saturday, January 18.
Gladden's Grove, Monday, January
Flint Hill, Wednesday, January 22.
Longtown, Thursda January 23.
1Centreville, Frida , January 24.
M. L. Cooper's, iturday, Janiuary
Blythewood, Tuesday, Jafuary 28.
R Iidgeway, Wednesday, January 29.
Horeb, Friday, January 31.
Jenkinsville, Tuesday, February 4.
SMonticello, WVednesday, February 6.
12-13 J. L. RICHMOND,
12-13Auditor Fairfild Co.
I have io or 12 real nice
Horses that I will sell cheap
or wvill trade them for thin
mules. if you need a horse
come to see me and I will let~
I have four very fne -Milch
Cows that I will sell or trade
them for dry cattle,
] CHAS. S D.WiHT,
Civil Engineer and Jurveyor.
SRailroad, land, and water power sur
veys made. Plans and estimates fur