Newspaper Page Text
The subject of hand separators
formed the text of an interesting ad
dress delivered at a recent meeting of
the Canadian Dairymen's association
by Professor 11. H. Dean, one of the
officials of the Ontario Agriculture col
lege at Guelph. After explaining the
principles upon which the machine
works Pro,.'ssor Dean went on to deal
with the advantages of the separator
and in this connection said: "One of the
chief benefits of a hand separator in
the private dairy is that it is a cleanser
of milk. If you take what is supposed
to be clean milk and run it through u
separator, you will be amazed at what
will come out of the milk. This is an
important factor in favor of the use of
separators, as clean, pure cream means
"A second advantage is that it en
ables the private dairyman to get more
of this better class of cream and thus
make more and better butter. A third
gain to the farmer is that it gives him
a better quality of skimmilk."
Beans For Milk Cows.
Beans have not been much used for
cow feed, but where they have been
used they have appeared to give very
excellent satisfaction. They carry about
23 per cent of digestible protein, 50 per
cent of digestible carbohydrates and 1.4
per cent digestible fat. Just how much
of these steamed bef.ns could be fed
without injuriously affecting the prod
uct is perhaps a problem, but commenc
Ing in a moderate way one might a
crease gradually until the daily allow
ance reached nearly or quite four
pounds. We think it would be a good
plan to mix some wheat bran with the
beans. We do not think it advisable to
get along with only silage for rough
age. The cow seems to crave more or
less dry forage in connection with si
lage or even with best pasturage.
The Pan-American Test.
Guernseys won in butter production
at the six months' test at the Pan
American exposition in spite of the
fact that one of the best cows was
sick several days during the test. The
value of the butter churned of each
breed during the six months of the
test was as follows: Guernsey, $220;
Jersey, $215; Ayrshire, $213; Holstein.
$193; Red Polled, $192; Brown Swiss,
$177; French Canadian, $182; Short
horn, $105; Polled Jersey, $161; Dutch
- Alfalfa For Dairy Cows.
Alfalfa is a profitable crop for New
Jersey dairfmen to grow for soiling
crops,. says New England Homestead.
Five crops In a season have been cut at
the New Jersey experiment station at
New Brunswick, where it is preferred
to' bran, as it can be grown and thus
saves the money bran costs, while it is
10 per cent richer in protein.
It should not be forgotten in compound
ing a ration that the stomachs of differ
eat classes of animals vary in relative
size, says Hoard's Dairyman. The cow
has very capacious receptacles for food;
showing that she is fitted to consume
relatively more coarse fodder than oth
er animals, and hence in arranging her
feed regard should -be had both to bulk
and the proper distribution of the nu
trients throughout the entire mass. For
example, twenty pounds of timothy
hay or ten pounds of corn will furnish
pratically equivalent amounts of nu
triment, but the cow will not thrive on
corn alone because of the defective di
gestion consequent upon failure prop
erly to distend her stomachs and sub
divide the corncentrated food.
Those of us who belong to the gener
ation that went "through the war" re
member that "roughage" was quite as
essential as grain for the continued
well being and endurance of the ani
mnals. The prescribed army ration for
the horse contains practically an equal
amount of roughage and grain; for the
cow, under ordinary conditions, we
think it best to have about two-thirds
of the dry matter in roughage and one
third in grain. When feeding heavily
for rapid increase of weight or extra
flow of milk, this proportion cannot be
maintained, but the roughage should
not be materially decreased.
An Average Ration,
After cows due to freshen soon have
had their calves we should consider
the following combination a very good
average ration for the entire herd, in
cluding those which are to freshen in
the spring. Of course such cows w ill
need less feed than those that have
recently freshened, and one must ap
portion the feed according to the abil
ity of each cow' to resp &nd: Twenitf
pounids of hay, four pounds of bran
and four pounds of buckwheat mid
dlings. In the absence of buckwheat
middlings use the same amount of
gluten feed or, what would be still bet
ter, if the middlings cannot be obtain
ed In quantities to last all winter give
dlay. Those that give more will need
two pounds of each per day Instead of
four pounds of either.
Ration For Holstein Graudes.
We should suppose that an average
daily allowance for grade Holstein
cows would be about forty pounds of
the silage, ten pounds of the mixed
hay, four pounds of the bran and three
pounds of the gluten feed. This cer
tainly ought to suffice for cows giving
less than twenty pounds of milk per
day. Those that give more will need
perhaps an Increased allowvance of
'JUST ONE BO
THE DRAMA THAT WAS ENACT
A STREET CAR.
A Pocket Exploration That 1Ield tho
Passengers Breathless and Proveil
Eminently Satisfactory to the Per
When this small boy on the Nint1
street car went into his clothing aftei
his car fare, the other passengers be
trayed little or no interest in him. Ei
was an ordinary, snub nosed. freckh
faced boy of nine or ten, and it seemet
pretty safe to assume that he had the
nickel necessary for - ride or he woulk
not have swung aboard, and so thi
passengers paid little or no attention t(
him. The men, as usual, occuple
themselves in pretending that the
weren't looking at all at the good look
Ing women In the opposite seqts, au
the women, also as usual. endeavoret
to convey the inpression that the4
didn't know there was such a creatur<
as a man within a hundred miles of
But when this small boy began t<
have his troubles all hands gbt to look
Ing him over. Everybody, it would ap
pear, likes to see P 'mall boy in troubk
The boy plowed around in the lining
of the right hand pocket of his shabb3
little ovedtQat, screwing himself int(
many possible attitudes as he stoo
and wriggled in the aisle, and finally
after terrific exertion, he brought forti
a penny, half buried in a lot of wooll3
stuff from the coat. Then he turne
his attention to the lining of the lef1
hand pocket of his overcoat. After al
most superhuman difficulties, in the
process of which Jt looked as if the bo3
might get himself wrapped around a:
invisible axis several times in such i
manner that he could never get righi
again, he produced another penny. als
plentifully wadded in woolen lint be
longing to the overcoat.
A couple of elderly men who wern
reading papers side by side at the ent
of the car began to get nervous. The
pushed back their spectacles and stud
led the boy's movements anxiously.
"Fare, there, son!" said the conduct
The boy gazed reproachfully at T
conductor, stuck the two found ptnniei
In his mouth and continued his weir(
exertions to assemble his fare.
He unbuttoned his overcoat by thi
simple process of giving it a yank fron
bottom to top, and then &k dug int
the right band pocket of his jacket
That pocket, too, seemed to he lining
less, and the boy ihad to grope throug
It like a cat clawing for the exit of j
bag. At length he got to the ena of 11
and an expression of acute relief cross
ed his freckled features. The hand wa
wedged in so tightly that he had abou
as much trouble in getting it out as h,
had had in getting it In. but it glutchei
another cent when It finally made it;
appearance. This went into his miout]
to join-the other two. At this point th<
two elderly men coughed violently and
scowled at the boy as if to say tha
they wished the Infernal busnss~r~t
done with, but the others who were
watchin" the boy's moves looked sym
The boy next began a laborious ex
ploration of his right hand knicker
bocker pocket, from which he prc
duced and bestowed in his overcoa
pocket many articles peculiar to boys
marbles, a piece of wax, a'rusty look
ing knife, two or three printed cellu
loid buttons, and so ' and at the
very bottom of this age was ye
another penny. All the other paissen
gers except the two elderly mel
breathed sighs of relief, but they want
ed to read their papers, and yet the;
couldn't while this boy was engaged la
his eventful search, with the chance
about even whether he'd win out o
"Fare now there, kid!" said the con
ductor, once more tackling the boy
The boy handed him the four penniei
from his mouth after very politely rub
bing them off on his overcoat sleeve
and he said, with a very boyish grin:
"I got the other one somewheres
Walt a minute, mister."
Then the boy gazed up at the cellini
of the cat and studied for a moment
while the other passengers except th
two elderly men, who looked ferocious
rooted for him with all their might.
The boy felt tentatively at his let
hand knickerbockers pocket, but it wa
plain to see that he knew that was n<
go. For about halt a ruinute he iooke4
worried, and the sympathetic passen
gers worried along with him, as coukt
be seen by the tense expression o:
their faces as they regarded ever3
movement of the boy with strained
almost feverish attention. Then thu
boy reached into a back pocket of hi:
knickerbockers, brought forth one oj
these celluloid traveling soap boxes
somewhat battered, took off the lid
and there, buried in a lot of junk, was
the other cent
I The sigh of relIef thuzt ran arounc
that car was distinctly audible. Thu
sympathetic passengers, men and wo
men, settled themselves back in thell
seats and smiled at the boy, and two oi
three of them looked as if they wantet
to jump up and suggest cheers. Th<
two elderly men coughed violentij
again, readjusted their spectacles anc
began again .on their newvspapers.
Then the small boy sat down, took
tieat looking change purce from the in
side pocket of his ove'reoat, dumpet
the contents-about $2 in quarters
nickels ant' dimes-into his hands ani
began counting it, whereupon the pas
sengers who had been rootIng for bin
but a morpient before instantly frozi
and looked at him as If they consider
ed him a bad lot and a boy boun
straight for state's prison or worse.
Lack of sense is too often blamed 01
tack of cnlnrenna- A tchisn obe.h
You have used all
sorts of cough reme
dies but it does not
I yield; it is too deep
I seated. It may wear
itself out in time, but
it is more liable to
Sproduce la grippe,1
pneumonia or a seri
ous throat affection.I
You need something
that will give you]
1 strength and build
Iup the body.
will do this when everything'
else fails. tere is no doubt
about it. It nourishes,
strengthens, builds up and
makes the body strong and
I healthy, not only to throw
off this hard cough, but to.,
fortify the system against'
further attacks. If you are
run down or emaciated you
should certainly take this
nourishing food medicine.
S scOTT and Sz.oo, all druggists.
NOTICE TO VOTERS.
The Books of Registration for regii
- tering oters for the next iunicipe
election t:> be held on MONDAX
APRIL, 7TH, 1902, for Intendant an
Wardens for the town of Winnsbor<
S. C., will be opened at Mr. John i
Smith's store January 1, 1902, an
closed March 31, 1902.
All voters for this election must rej
ister within this time. Each applicar
Ifor registration must produce his count
registration certificatq/And town ta
receipt for all town . e due before b
can register o rtln eleedion.
W. M. CATHCA.T
STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA,
COU'NTY OF FAIRFIELD.
-COURT OF COMMON PLEAS.
The Fairfield Loan and Trust Con
-E. B. Carter, D. L. Carter 'and Robei
T. Blair, D)efendan~ts.
Summons. For Relief. Complaint nc
YOU are hereby summoned and r<
quired to answer the complaint in th
action, which is filed in the office <
the Clerk of the Court of Commo
-Pleas, for the said County, and t
.serve a copy of your answer to th
Ssaid complaint on the subscribers
.their office, Bank Range, 'Winnsbor<
South Carolina, within twenty day
'after the service hereof, exclusive<
the day of such service; and if you fa
-to answer the complaint within th
time aforeaid, the plaintiff in thi
!action will apply to the Q~srt for th
,relief demanded in the comp'lint.
SDated February 1st, A. D. 1902.
A. S. & W. D. DOUGLASS,
To the defendant Robert T. Blair:
Trake notice, that the complainti
this action, referred to ?he summon
herein of which the foregoing is a cop3
was filed in the office of the Clerk <
-Court of Common Pleas for Fairfiel
I -County, State of South Carolina,a
Winnsboro, in said State, on the la
day of February, A. D. 1902.
A. S. & W. D. DOUGLASS,
2-4-6w Plaintiff's Attorneys.
Town Tax, 1901
Notice is hereby given that the tim
Ifor the payment of the tax due th
town of Winnsboro for the year endin
I31st December, 1901, is extended t
1st March, 1902.
All persons owing the tax will be es
pted to make prompt pay'ment on
before that date or executions will b.
issued by the Clerk.
By order of the Intendant-,
JNO. J. NEIL,
1-1.5 - Clerk of Council.
CHLAS. S DWIGHIT,
Clvil Engineer and Surveycr.
Railroad, land, and water p~ower su:
vers made. Planis and tstimates fui
MONEY TO LOAN.
ION IMPROVED FARMS, 3 TO
years, not less than $500. 7 per ce
hiterest. No comnusions elha recd.
A. S. & W. D. DOUGLASS,
eontral Time at Jacksonville nn I SavannaL
Eastern Time at Other PoinRn.
Schodule in Egect J-: ne 'Oth. 1.
FORTHBOLMD. Daiy DaLy
,v. Jackson ville (P. S). 745p ...
Savannah (So. y. ).. -1p 1 a .
" Barnwell ...................4 la.
Blackville .... ...... 4'2a
Ar. Columbia .. .. ......_..... ' 6 MMa
CT Charlostono.ay . 17..... I :a; 4>......
" Summerville ............. E AI 4 ' . .--.
" Brarchvihe .............. 9 - . -
" eOraeb..rg.......... .
" Kingville ................. '- :....
Ar. Coiminbia ............ ?il .
Lv. Aucusfa. (..)o. r. ).... r; r. ....
L.Granteville ............. 2 1 .
Ly. Aiken ............... '.
Ly. Trenton ............... ?':;6. ..
Johnston ............ 40:p1:),P
Ar. Coluzubin................. 5 -15p 2 ga ......
TCoumba, (.i. ..... I 8a .
W innsboro ............7:.. ' 6 7 ......
Che.;:er .................. 8 b .L, ......
Rock Hill . ............... 8 S usp
Ar. Charlotte ................ 40 ) 9 :a
Ar.Danvillo ............ .*a 0f la 12ip
rrie bmo:d ............._ I. 6 >4 .
Ar. Washing!on ............ T t ....
Ealtimore (Pa.UR). 9 lIa 1 i5p..
* Philadelphia . .........1135a 25Ga.
No w York ............ 2. il6. 3 ......
Ly. Co:uinbia .-............... 11 3)f' 7L'Krl ......
Ar. Epartanbtiburg .............S lWp 10 a ......
Asheville ............ 7 1~2 2GJp ......
Ar. Knoxvillo .......... 4 0'.a 7 0l9 .
Ar. Cincinna.i........ 7 >p S 9a
4r. LouisviUe ......... ... I I
so-TDOuno4D. o 0.4
Lv. Louisville ...............|7 4 a,
Ly. Cincinnau ......... ... M un!
Lv.Xnovine ............ T-a'sT
AsheviUe ............. 7 oa 300p.
"artanbu1r ............. 10 5a 6l1p.
Ar. .o.u:nbia ................ 215pl 90pi ......
Lv. liew YorkvA.i. ...... 3 Wp L:tn -.....
Philadelphia ........... 605p 8 50a ......
Baltimore ............... 8ip 622a ......
Lv. Washi'gt'n (0.y). 950p 11 15a.
ILv. ichmond ........... ...S..1.
Lv. Danville ........ ILft 6
Lv. C ic rJot ..-:.............. a p ......
" 9 ll............. 910a10 p.....
Chest. r ................ 9 44a a .,
SWstboro ...... ..... a 1201a.
Ar. Golumbla. (Bldg . .... 85a 10 a
Liv. , )J. D.)........ 3hI l5~ ......
...n.to... ................. 1 605 ...a.
" Trentn ...........1 628
Ar . i n ...............,.. 2 7
&r. 9ttoville .............. 4 21P 6 d;a ......
Ar. Auusta ........ xP ,.
y, (61. ky)....... 5ala ......
ll .................3LAp 28UP :..
Summervio .......... 64 5 57aj..
Ar.Charleton ........,...... 7 O0 .
Lv. Oolumbia o. Icy.)...... U " I lua ......
" Blackville ......... 120p 2 52L ...
" Barnwefl .......... . I83 3 Oa.....
" Savannah . 305p 450 .
Ar. Jacksonvfin(.b.)...... 7 4P 95....
Sleeping Car Serviee.
Excelent daily passenger service between
3'larida and New York.
Nos. s and 34-New ork and Florida Eg
Drawi rrootn eeping cars betwedt
ta and Now York. *ullman drw
room sleeping cars btween Port Tampa, c
sonville,8avannah. Wshington andVewYlIt
iimain sleeping cars between Charlone and
chmond and Charlotte and Norfolk. Diding
d ar beowen Charlote aut Savannah.
No3.35 and 0s-U. S. Fxa Mair. Thro"g
Palman drawin-rtoom bffetfree g
tween Jacksanvule and New o- I
d manaleenrs betwor Aau d
ears serveall meals enroute. Pallman sleep
r- Ing cars between Jacksnvilje and Qoimbi
it azoute daily between JatksonvilleandOIncin
SPANK Ii.GENNON, . H.HARDWICE,
e gton..DO. washagon, D. 0.
W. H. TAO;.
As'eGen.1 Pass. Ag't, V
The regular spring examination for
teachler3' certificates in Fairfield
County will be held at Win nsboro,
Februarv 21. As none but thlose hav
ig certificates can now teach in the
public schools of the county, it is highly
inportanit that all who expect to teach
in the county within the next few
. month1s stand this examination.
W. L. ROSBOROUGH, JR.,
Co. Supt. Educati(on.
I have for sale Garrick's Prolific Seed
-Corn, the best of all the white varie
is ties, andt a fine early yellow corr,
>f which I have planted for twenty yea:.
II with the veryv best results. Can ship
o F. 0. R. Riockton. or deliver at W. Ii.
e Rabb & Co.'s at Winnsboro.
,t I also have for sale a fine three-year
~, old Jersey Bull from one of the best
'a herds in the State.
f.T. '.V. RUFF,
e 1-15-3m .. toS.C
e MONEY TO LOAN.
I will make loans in reasonable
amounts onrfirst mortgages of farming
Sland. at seven per cent. straight inter
c.-t aymnents in instalments in not
less than five years, and no brokerage
or commissions charged. Apply to
d J. E. McDONALD,
t Winnsboro, S. C.
t or A. E. DAVIS,
7-54m Menticello. 8. C,
I have io or 12 real nmce
Horses that I will sell cheap
or wvill trade them for thin
mules. If you need a horse
come to see me and I will let
youI have ore that will gv
s I have four very f ne Mikch
0 Cows that I wvill sell or tiade i
them, for dry cattle,
Importers of .". .
Muriate of P4
Nitrate of Soc
Sulphate of I
It is important in buyir
only to buy goods of establisi
grade, but to buy where
character can be supplied.
We are in position to
goods and in such quantitie!
will pay you to see us befor<
Send for Virginia-Carolina Almanac.
frec fr the asking.
Fift Prize a1t
Bal-Bearing Ne Wflo1
It is High in
and Low in
I WANTTO E
D. A. On
BEST FOR THE SOUTH.
Every Gardener, Farmer and
Trucker shouild have Wood's 1902
Descriptive Catalogue. It not 'I
only gives reliable, practical, up d
to-date information about al f
Seeds, but also the best crops to f
grow2 most successful ways of t
growing different crops, and much si
other information of 'pca inter- tl
est to every one who pats seeds. c
It tells all about p
Vegetable and Flower &eds, a
Orass and Clover Seeds;, I
Seed Potatoes, Seed oats, g.
Tobacco, Seed Corn,
Cow Peas, Soja,
Velvet and Navy Beans, P
Sorghums, Broom Coru,
Kaffir Corn, Peanuts,
flillet Seed, Rape, etc.
Catalogue mailed free on request.
TW. Wood &Sons, Seedsmnen,
RiCH EOND, -VIRUIMIA.
IN ALL ITS DEPARTMENTS, ti
Ith a full stock of Caskets, fluriel a
'ses and Coffins, constantly on hand, a;
uid use of hearse whan requested. ta
Lankful for past patronagte and solici- rc
tion for a share in the future, at the
d stand. ti
Cals attended to at all hio-zrs. fi
THE ELLIOTT GIN 8HoP.
Ji. M. ELLIOTT & CO.
Wstehester Fire Insurance Company
Glen Falls Insurance Company of
Rochester German Insurance Comx
my of Rochester, N. N.
Cotton risks a specialty.
Solicits share of pubijie patronage.
WANTED, Hickory, Dogwood and
sind mo,r'harlto. (' . 11 2i4
)N, S. C.
in the South.
g your fertilizers, not
ed reputation and high:
your wants of every
furnish all classes of
as buyers desire. It
rolina ChemicaL Co.
rieston, S. C.
D TO TH
if You De ire.
s & Sol.
3 ,& Horses.
Iigests what you .at.
his preparation contains all of the
igetants and digests air kinds et
od. It gives instant relief and never..
ilstocure. It allows you to eat all
2e food yo~u want. The nmost sensitive
;omachis can take it. By its use many
aousanids of dyspeptics. have been.
red af ter everything else failed. -.l
revents formation of gason the atom.
h, relieving all distresafter eat
t can't help.
but do ye
The office of the County Auditor
ill be open for receiving tax returns
om January 1st to February 20th
urns to be made of real estate and
~rsonal property. A penalty will
~crue when parties fail to. make re
rs within thes above mergtioned...
ites. -All male citizenis between the
ces of 21 and 60 years are liable t'o poll
x, unless otherwise exempt, and are
quired to make return of same.
The Auditor or his deputy will bi at
t following places on the days speol
Abion, Monday, January 13.
Buckhead, Tuesday, January 14.
Wollinig, Wedmnsday, January 15.
Crobyville, Thursday, January 16.
Wooward. Friday, January 17.
White oak, Saturday, January 18..
Gladden's Grove, M1onday, January
Flint Hill, WVednesday, Januar 2.
L .ngt own, Thursday, Januay 2.
Centreville, Friday, January24
M. L. Cooper's, Saturday, January
Blythewood, Tuesday, January 28
R~idgewayv, Wednesday, January 29.
Ioreb, Friday, January 31.
Jenkinsville, Tuesda, February 4.
Moticllo, WVednesa February 5.
J. L. RICIMOND
2-13 Auditor Fairleid (o