Newspaper Page Text
PUBLISH4ED WEEKLY. WINNSBORO, S. C., WVEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY . 1902.ET
NORTHERN SLAVE SALES.
Many Fortunes had Foundations in
Bishop Candcr in Atlanta Journal.
It is qnite safe,- in so far as
this woild is concerned, to in
dulge popular sins; but it is ex
tremely dangerous to practice a
vice that has gone out of fashion.
The very people. who in the days
of its popularity were most ad
dicted to it, make the least al
lowauce for it in others when it
has ceased to be modish.
This view of the South's con
nection with slavery came to we
the other day when I read in a
Charleston, S. C., paper the ad
vertisement of a slave sale in
Boston, copied from a New Eng
land paper dated about the ycar
1790, if I remember correctly.
Our typical South bater re
proaches us not because the
South once owned slaves, but be
cause we had them last. That is
the head and front of our offend
Here is an advelisement from
the Independent Chronicle, dated
March 20, 1780:
"To be Sold Very Cheafor
no otlier reason than the Mt'ieof
employ, an exceedingly active
Negro Boy, med 15. Also a
likelv Negro Girl , aged 17."
Where were the parents of that
boy and that girl? Ha I this ad
vertiser separated parent, and J
children already? 0:, was ha 2
about to do so?
In The Continental Journal of
January 4, 1791, appears the fol
"To be sold, a hearty, strong
negro wench, about 29 years of
age, fit for town or couutry."
From the same paper, Novem
ber 25, 1779, is taken this: "To
'old, a likely gmae9.gij
no fin u
e sok, for want of em- 0
ployment, an e-ceedingly likely P
negro girl, aged sixteen."
It may have been that the ad- a
-vertister of November 25, 1779, a
and that of March 9, 1780, were
the same person. If so, his stock
had been~ reduced, it seems, to a
one "exceedingly likely negro S
girl" of the age of "swe* ixteen,'
and she was rather slow sal.t
lie was evidently not miochd to h
give her to her" p:rents, if they sl
were free, nor to present her to
th eir master if they were still
slaves. The relation of parent "
and child it thus appeaiz cut no
figuie in tiie plans of this thrifty
saint. He wanted cold cash for
w.arm human fleshi and blood. ii
If this last c-ase seems lheart
less,, what shall be said of- the
next? It is of such an extraor- .1
dinarv natur-e I hesitate to 1rans
fer it'to the coumns of a South
eru . paper, lest I offend a just
frecse of prop Iety. Cert::inly no)
such adrei tisement ever appeared
ini anv Southern paper (1m1ing all1
the days of slavery. I copy it'\.
with apo'ogies. It is from The
Iindependent Chroniele of De-.
cembller 28, 1780. printed during
the Chiiistmas Sscson, the gh :d
kei note of which is "peaee onl
enl th and good nill to men." It e
read-: "A negro child. soon ex-.
pected, of a good 1)1 ced, mnay b
owned by any pe-rson 'uehi ng to
take it, and money vwith it."
The mother expoec'ant was not i
to be parted with by hi miotor;
shie was of to~o "good breed,"
perhi~aps. But the uul -ori chld h
was niot to be permitted toi ~i
vide attention with 1.er serviler
cares, and' thus subtract from hfr i
profitabl'ieess. That there mighlt a
le as litt~e delay as possiblek
about ridd~ing her of the ilcumi-h
brance a pre natal advertisemient ~
" as used to secure an ownler.
31ot her aiod child were to be
p Jartedl with all p).ssible haste
after its birtl:; there wats 1:o timeC
Slave l.ol' rs in the S--uth
oft-u ~ bougt neroe that they
d..d i.ot wvant andt sol! others that
tue pYIref:err-ed to rit lin orI ( r'
to 1)preserve unbroken~ f~iiies
bat it any7 be s fely allirm d
os this atdver-tisement pr1i)OSed
was ever heird of or ever d rerut
-f in the so.uth. It mayv well &
doubted if it ever La .1 a pit alb-1
on tside of New England 21ny where~.
ont- a net called Earth. L
These advertisements show
:learly where Mrs. Stowe and
>ther New England writers of
ier type got their ideas of slavery.
liev fancied that the slaves of
he South were treated as for
nerly slaves had been dealt with
n Boston. Their ghost stories
vere compounded from reninis
eiees of their own ancestor..
It is a fact that Massachusetts
s the only state in America that
:ver engaged in the slave trade
1 its corporate capacity. This
rade it carri:d on with a process
hiat Lad bondage at both en.1s of
lie line; Indian captives were
arried out and sold; whiie Afri
an slaves were captured or pur
lased and brought in. Dr-.
Ioore says: "It will be observed
hit this first entrance into.tbe
lave trade was not a private,
udividuad speculation. It was
he enterprise of the authorities
)f the colony."
Cotton Mfather's "Magnalia"
md the records of the colony are
tuoted, passage and page Leing
iven to verify this statemuent.
Georgia prohibited the slave
rade f! oa the first days of the
lonv; while Massachusetts al
owed it from 16-11 to I7S8-the
oldy itself engaging in the.
>usiness for a part of that period.
xeorgia was a slave-holAing
ommonwealth - for about 1.10
ears; Massachusetts for 147
When very tardily Massachu
etts prohibited the slave trade
>y the act of 1788, the act was
areflly drawn so as not to abol
;h slavery, while prohibiting the'
lave trade, and as a matter of
.ct slavery has ne'ver yet been:
blisbed by any act of the legis
tu're if the state of Massachtry
. whom run far too easily to
ride and who theiefore often
1caire the kndly help of friends
Ad neighblois to keep them suit
b! humble. but chiefly, to
4O this question: If sec ional
m is to run againstoursouthern
cestors and their children a
rt of moral bill of attainder,
hen (if ever) will it expire? And
ien I wish to inquire further,
m% the inhabitants of Massachu
tts, the chief of sinneis anon
ie American states in the inatter4
E slavery, escaped this bill of
Ltaind-r, and when?
The Last licard Of It.
"My little boy took the crouip one'
ght and~ sooni grew so hadl you could
.ar hiimi breathe all over tiI. hiouse,
We feared lhe 'wonid die, but a few
)es of One Minute Cough Cureu
.ieklyV relieved himl and( he wenit to
cep. That' the lst we heardi of the
oun. Now isn't a coaghtl cure like
t'tvalual e''" One Minute Coughlt
uire is absolutely Nife and :aets
i, i~bonle~~hitil nd al other throa't
i untg troules it is a cert~ a in eur:e
er plawn to take. The little ones4
e it. MeMaster Co.
WVaddell WVants a Charter.
RevY. (?) D. J. 'iVaddell, a
'lored prea'rb-er and teacher
nown in the Hartsville co~n
miuty hafs written the secretary
f State as follo ws:
"mi]dlend Of. S. C'., -Jan. 3(0
0-1)2 Mr SeereV:Gr ofl 8hftr te
o~th carohrn 'r 'kir' 'ill von
rant me a chi ~ t r a5Sehpo!
v tL~e name of w' ,vdeIiies
jal insti'tute wh~ i i want toI
s ;.t riddeu daif S C Chetstear
ld co. and if 'you wil .gant me
charter leaCse wxrite audiet ie
now at once and the cost of it
ojing that vou w-ill gr'ant it to
w~ as'it is muuch needed i wait
otu aus. Rev. 1). J. VWaddell
)irect Hartsxiine S. C Box 95.
The Clerk's Wise Suggetr-m!,
I hav~e latchly been mu'.ch troub41ld
th dyppsia, bi~el c nio s
mach,"' writs M. $. Mean, k -ain
1'rm tit of Attheboro,'\ Ma_ "I
o'ubt et hardly anyth'ig wnho 0)
1uc'ering -everal hours. My clr
1r.d -I t ry.~ Kodsd Dep.ri1a ure isI
ou don't have to 'ie-t. I't. 'llth
dj~ fod von) wVant but don't ov'rl0
he toach food (la'4.'1 ( 44 'u
THE GREATEST fiEnRCANr
In'the World is Marshall Field of
Chkago--A Retiring Individual.
1char(Id Lithir am ;n i Ain's(.
Marsl all Field is the sphinx of
the mercantile world-colossal,
e-wesome and sileit.
We are as fnmiliar with the
charactceristies of the giants of
business-land as we are with
their names. We Fpeak of J.
Prpot Morggn and the trusts
in thi same breath; tle very name
of RoCkfller has become ole;ig:,
uous; Carnegic openiga fre(sh
barrel of saLve. an;d with Aiddin
like magic erecting paa:-es of
blarning. We kaow thC Story o
Gould and his mnoa-4e trap, anl
forgive him munci, for thei sake of
his Navgter-heroine; we rim m
ber with pride the achievements
of the first Astor ud bia;sh for
the self-exp.triatd d(escendant;
the vi: ties of th. h<>use of Van
derbilt iake us forget its fialt,;
the n'amues of Girarl, Peabody,
Cooper and Chldds touch tlie well
springs of our patriotism and hu
manity and flood
aid inspirijngecol .
bat in'the - ng list of
nianies th. have 1101 or no sig
nificauc-io the averag rNdeer.
fIncoXspicuous amuoug'ethese is
the-mne of Mir-hall Field.;'
ii1en.dom beard outsde of Cii
ago, except in mercantile c iT
YetMarshall Field is the gredt
est merchant in the world, and,
possibly, the third richeAt; man
i the United States.
As an individual he exists o0-y
io'a very limited iumber of Asi
ne'ss Associates, friends, crouies
ad-relatives; to,- masses of
the people, even those in is
hom1e, city. of Ch1i.,h
,nous detnan'd for the workl's
orhers-Dr. Kiig's New Life
?iils. For . Constipation, Sick
Fleadache, :i:iousr~css, or any
Lrouble of Stomach, Liver orj
Kidneys they're unrivalel. Only
5c at McMaster Co's dru store.
TH E MARCH DELlNEATOR.
During ithe past Year The De
[ieator'Ifacilities for obtaini.;I
he firt information of what is
bing done in the centres of
sd[Ilon have ben greaL~y ex
endud, and it now coniniads re
ources that, perhaps, are not
possible to aly other magnaine.
ome of these results are shown
u the March nuuber, where is
>resented the first intimatien of
the srng m:odes in garments of
dit kinds and illiuery-- the work
f somei of the most Lotedl de
~iners of Paris, LA1tondo, \ien 1a.
l New York. T be litera&ry fea
Lures of the A.Lic numuber pos-.
ess high qai. lit; and great inter
st. 'The first pap. -r oa Pi t'ril
miot'uaphy, by J. C. Abel,
shows t!e posil~i iies of the
muara in a'reries of ;rntiau1
anspes, the work of wAll
nown leaders in th itpl oto)graL
hie woild. Dr. WV. L. Sacage,
the noted phyvsie:d di-ectr, con
rib utes an article ou Gym asin
Work for Womnen, with remairka
dle pictur'es taken iron li fe. In
e t fries of Aathor, Loocs,
\Miss Langhlin tells the staries of
G3oige Eliot with the g::atest
:ban and delicoesc; while another
sseutially lit. a y papi'er is Dr.
Ellio t's llee;ilec 1(ous of Mar:a
Wh ite (Mrs. James iPo.sell
Eowll). A novelette by Aca
hellat Keneaty, wi:hi pictures by
2. M. Ashe, and a dlgtu
pastoral Vby San F. Unlock,
00mp jrise th fiction for grown ups,
whi;e the children will enj'y the
further adveAtures of )uimple
Cheek 'nd the Musical B3 owniesC.
'Ihe hous hold Ce partmnt in
:uhs house furnishing, iilus
tratedi cookery an.d new an.1
ecoomiei .I ries , dl(enen, i
The b est and mo-t famiou~ comn
paal in thec worll1 to colnquer
aches a:n d hill pa: n s Cu es Cuts,
hiems lhu n15 and Druis, 5, schl
ines IdIanuma ti i, miast ers Piles.
MJilions ot JAoEs sold yeatly.
W os wonjdrs* isl Boiis, Uleervs
Fe ins, sk; in rm ons2. It cnres
or* no) pay. %)e at Mc :aister1 Co's
AS YOUNQ3 AS*OU FEEL.
People Get Old by j'Thinking Them
People grow 1 by thinKing
theInselves old. hen they ieach
the age of 10, 5. 60 they in
agi u tha;t theypok l1 ke otheis
of the s;me a and that they
Foon will be ess, unfit for
work and un1b* perform their
wonted daties 8 surely as
they tinb-k this' ill come true,
fur thoUt creative. How
mniv t-f us Say with Job,
"IIe thin W greatLv feared
1s come upon
The time w ime w eChil
dren will not.- hlowed to cele
bate their bi ay; whe n they
will know that r thinking them
selves youig, 'ey will lem1n.6
young, and thi they will cease
to grow old W thtey ceasc to
bleve in oldLe. The body is
built up of beifs, and %ur con
victions are st*l ed upon eveiy
fibe.r of our be, s. What iVe Le
lieve, what we'1iink, that we are;
so people wgo emain young it
spirit never grir eld.
Not one o-aundird students,
.of wLom the"rrter was cule,
under ')iivCr c d 1ll hnes, at
.Ma.vant eve r thoughlt of himi as,.
an 01 I map athoughi he had
!ton passed' eig-htieth lbirth
drhy. ~ils t was so young
..mJd he \vas Sbuoyaut, so fresh
"aid full o e tih;t we always
tihough. D in as one of our
selves ivacity. and joyous
ness w ious. You eould
not, s )resence five
mit-ute fee-ling brigi Lter
and'. t-. The genial
hsmtt.De\ ittle Ealy Ris
stimulth . ,open the bmvels
and relieve th ' dition. Safe, peedy
and thorou h1fey, never zipe.
Favorite p'I . 'cr Co.
Hon. J. LM. Curry, Mho is
g)ing o represent this coautrv at
the accessia . of Alfonso to the
thro'e of Spain, has a Nivid recol
aection of the .morning the future
ki:g was Uor. lie and all the
ither foreign represehtat ives
were s; lt for to eome to the
royal p;lace posthaste, in full
hess. -Thither Mini-ter Curry
wea1t, and lie was usheed into
the queen's bedehamber, where
all the court was aSemle'd. The
chamnbe1 was larg -, and curtains
cocealed the ro' al i'ed. Soon1 a
courtier appearedl fromuI)l beind
the curtain anud cri, 4 out, "Lorg
live the, king!" It n as a hoy.
Then camei a lady in waitiag,
bearing a hup silveri pltter, on
which lay theoJuby king anid
laces anid frills. >Th e diplo9 ats
formed in a semicirc'e, and the
court lady, b'ea~r the infant
monal ~, galsed n:o.d. the line
to permit the ofnin~is to gaIze
upjon theachild. .She lhad grot but
half wayeround whled th~ y'ng -
5ir set up at lustv how!, andi shae
beat a hsty ietient b hindth
cairtint But the frja ties had
been compied wit .1 ind\ Miniten
Cury took his lei.--F 1ree
"i~i Ige.t; did you e il the
;-fugM an ()i n!!e thi
every' them Oi cud think lof, hut
You can znakeyourhar
t rnd as tou',h as wire by
lst twcealiong as .
makes apoor lookin;: bar
ness lire new. Made of IN
pure, heavy boried oil..es
pecially prepared to with
sand tho Weather.
/ i cas-al sizes.
Mae bj STAHUARD Oil. Co.
The modern method of harvest
ing corn has. not been. generally
adopted yet in any portion of the
South. Wa.steful methods that
have always prevailed, and are
still prac-ticed-..-The blades are
sornetimes -tripped from the
stalks br hanid and cured for fod
der, lt overience has shown
that this f ler does not pay for
the h-bor of gathering and curing.
The eats are snatched from the
stalks, thr;wn in small heaps, and
afterw ris a wagon comes along
and the ears picked up, thrown
into t!! wa on and hauled away.
Th1e o:h:tL h:alf of tl.e crop is left
to br:ive the weather an I be
corS':Ued Wind and rain; and
if any part of it remains when
plowiln' tine comes it is piled
and''1 Lumed to the detriment of
th.e soi! The modern w-y is to
reap the coin, as well as the
wiheaJt, ad in much tb same
n.nt r, the machfe detting the
stalks and tyvag in bundles, ready
to be set up in sh-ocks.- The ears
may be epe;ted at -any time
husked and snielle4,.or the husk
ing and shelling ca' be done as
needed. The stalks, entire, may
be en ed aAd stacked and makes
excelient fod ler. Or the whole
baitch can be ron through a
shredder and made into hay,
when it will be eaten up clean by
the stock. Oen reason for not
savin the stalks is there is not
live stock enough on the faim to
consume it. This is another
piece of bad inanagemeut. There
is whers the farmer's profit should
Saved [Him From Torture.
There is no more agonizing trouble
Qman piles. The constant inhing and
ig make life intolerable. No
edfortable. The torture is
bleeding pilesand could find nothing
to help me uutil I used DeWitt's Witch
Hazel salve. A few boxes eornpletly
e'ired ie.". Beware of counterfeits.
The Designer for March con
Waos, amog other attractive fea
tures, thrt'e short stories -The
Relenting of Senator Marsh,"
"The New Dress," and "What
Happened to Miss Milicent," the
last for juvenile readers. In
fancy work this number is replete,
iviig instruction in embroidery
of the tatest style, lace woik and
ro2hlt. Sugg-stions for enter
tinments are given in "An Irish
Potato P;otv" and "A Green
Goods Sociable," also in the little
pielor drama, "The Calf in Go!d,"
to be enacted by amateur Thes
pi;ns. "What Women Are Doing"
is a new and interesting depart
re.it, so, too, are "Toilet Table
Che " anad "In Motherland," the
Stites of which index their ch'tr
,teter. Amorg the special fashion
featues are many diesigns for
'Dit irgeric," in addition to
th-usual modes of th~e month for
aduii' andl jnvenles. An expert
milhi'er by ai of pictures and
text tells 'just 4ow to make two
falbionable spring bonncts, and
tl'e ab'e writer of "Points on
DressmaLki 'j" insth:acts amateurs
in lhe omkire of exqris~to under
wear. "Book Note:," "Fashions
and Fabries,' hints on etiquette
aed numerou0.)is saY'ory recipes for
ooke rs are also ijel.ledl in the
ist of seasonable and valuable
Stops the Cough
and works oif the Cold.
Laxative Bronio-Quinine Tablets cure
a col.Iri one, day. No Cure, No Pay.
HOW a:i-Monlest tlar May Get Ahead.
No rule t it a man can adopt
will bring greW'r reward than
this-to ;abst->in fiom the use of
alenbo! as a beverage. *A drink-:
ingro shou'd have no place
ais wlhere. Evem y honest man
a ii) des!5ires w' k' can obtain it
In at wnges snfinient to enable
him to lay aside eno~ugh for a
omipetence ini~Ihis old a ge-that
i. if he blas a L'o). wife to help
1.ii sae i. Tn~i isnothing
l so impnoi t-int a:s a giod mani
gn; wif. Sh is the great' st
al to savi ng an l g. ttmog ahead.
M/T Erly isers
fmonus tittle pills. 4
Makes the bread
Safeguards the food
Alum baking powders are the greatat
Smnacm to hault of the present day.
LNOVASBM UAIO ow*i CO.. NEW VOCt.
At tichokes for Hogs.
With corn at a dollar a bushel
and liable to go higher, farmers
are casting about for something
as a subs&itate as a food for hogs.
1r. Henry 1). Boozer of Kadesh,
this county, believes that he has
foand a substitute in the Jerusa
lein artichoke. Last spring he
>lanted a patch of half an acre.
Eight hogs have been running on
this for two or three months,
with no other fIsod, and keeping
fat, and the patch is not near ex
austed. In his 'arden he plan
ted two or three iows in not very
rich earth. From each stalk he
ets about half a peck of the
artichokes. Ho thinks good land
and cuhivation -will -get a peck
from the stalk.
The artichokes are best if
planted in March, but can be
planted any time in the spring or
For Over Fifty Years.
Mrs. Winslow's Soothing Syrup has
beeo used for over fifty years by mil
Xons . of mothers for their children
'th crfect success.
will relieve the poor little su
Immediately. Sold by all druggists in
vcry part of the world. Twenty-five
!ents a bottle. Be sure and ask for
Mrs. Winslow's Soothing Syrur,"
nd take no other kind. 1-1-17
Will Fight Kll!.
Mr. Bryan rmakee no conceal
ment of his intention to fight Hill.
Ie says in the Comwoner:
"An agent reports that one
emocrat refused to subscribe for
rhe Commoner because he had
ead in some paper that Mr.
Bryan had gone over to the gold
bugs and was booming Hill for
president. If the aforesaid demo
rat read the Commoner he could
ot be deseived by such absurd
umors. Those who take this
aper know that the editor
either has boomed, is booming,
or will boom nnyomne for the
emocratic nomination who was
gainst the party in 189G or even
Clara-It's a thrilling story,
Maul-One of the most thrill
ng I ever reatd. I couldu't skip
ore thian half of it.-Detroit
Tousands Have Kidney Trouble
and Don't Know it.
How To Find Out.
Fill a bottle or common glass with your
ater and let it stand twenty-four hours; a
sediment or set
- tling indicates an
~ 0unhealthy condi
tiona of the kid
neys; if it stains
- / your linen it is
* evidence of kid
ney trouble; too
.- frequent desire to
- pass it or pain in
- -- ' -the back is also
onvincing proof that the kidneys and blad
der are out of order.
What to Do.
There is comfort in the knowledge so
often expressed, that Dr. Kilmer's Swamp
Root, the great kidney remedy fulfills every
wish in curing rheumatism, pain in the
back, kidneys, liver, bladder and every part
of the urinary passage. It corrects inability
o hold water and scalding pain in passing
It, or bad effects following use .of liquor,
wine or beer, and overcomes that unpleasant
necessity of being compelled to go. often
during the day, and to get up many times
during the night. The mild and the extra
ordinary effect of Swamp-Root is soon
realized. It stands the highuest for its won
derful cures of the most distressing cases.
Ii you need a medicine you should have the
best. Sold by druggists in 50c. and$l. sizes.
You may have a mple bottle of this
and a book that tells
more about it, both sent a
absolutely free by rnail,
address Dr. Kilmer & Home or Swamp-Root.
., Binghamnton, N. Y. When writing men
muadng ths enemu offar in this paper.