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ARP ON MILLENNIUM
Ail Does Not Think Happy Time Near
VEIY SLOW WORK IN CONVERTING
U All the World Is to Come to Christ
Better Progress Will have to Be
flade By Us.
I believe the millennium craze has
subsided for awhile. Within my recol
lection it bobbed up three, or four
times and excited good people all over
the country, for good people wish it to
come and live in hope and expectation.
I remember when William Miller, of
Massachusetts, had all New England
excited, for he was a very learned man
and a sincerer Christian and believed
aU that he professed. For ten years he
exhorted the people to be ready for the
coming of Christ in 1843 and even fixed
the day when they would see Him de
acending from heaven 'n magnificent
glory and escorted by Moses and Elijah
and a retinue of angels. He had over
50,000 devoted converts and the night
before the promised day they arrayed
'themselves in white raiment and sang
and shouted and prayed until morning
ad then cHmbed the high hills and the
ree tops and the spires of the churches
to meet Him as He neared the earth.
but He didentcome and it nearly broke
their hearts and they liked to have per
ished to death, for they had given away
as their earthly *bssessions.
Wext came Dr. John Cummings, a
, 'y learned minister of London, who
wrote a book on it and fixed the mil- I
S-anlal year at 1863. We were flighting
wVer here about that time and the mil
ennium had to be postponed. The mil- I
lilem means the reign of Christ upon I
the earth for a thousand years,' when
sverybody will be good and there shall C
be no more death nor pain nor sorrow,
and there has not been a century since I
Bis crucifixion that the religious people d
ve not been looking for His coming. a
Christians got their belief from
the prophets of Daniel and from St.
John and St. Peter and later on from 13
benaeus and Justin Martyr and they I
delighted themselves with dreams of t
glory that was near at hand. Some of t
them declared there would be no more J r
winters, no more nights and everlast- tl
tng wells would run with honey and i]
milk and wine. Jerusalem would be re- c
built and the fruits of the earth would iI
be colossal and never dying. One nota- d
ble writer said that every grape vine b
would have 10,000 branches and every
branch 10,000 shoots and every shoot B
10.000 bunches and every bunch 10.000 n
grapes and every grape would make 25
gallons of wine. Good gracious! how
thirsty that fellow must have been. But c
the millennium d!dent come and by and S
by Origen, a very wise and good man.
came along In the third century and sc
declared that there would be no such li
grapes, but that Christ's coming would d
~'KU~6ffbeing predicted and wnen the
reformation of Luther and Calvin came
about they said that the pope was the
anti-Christ and the millennium wes
near at hand. Next came Oliver Crom
'well, 'who excited his followers with a
-erediction of the millenlum-and so It
w goes on and on and now It is about
tome for another just as soon as we
have done killing off the Phillipines
and England has killed out all the
Well, now all these rumination,
about the millennium were provoked
by what I have been reading about the
veceat discoverles- of oil all over the
country. One thought brings on another
and If the comIng of Christ Is near at
band and,His reign is to be a spiritual
one for-a.thousand years and there is
to be no winter or night or sickness or
imin or sorrow we won't need all this
oil, neither for fuel or light. And so I
don't believe the millennium is very
near. If all the people are to be con
werted and become goodl it will be a
Tont~ time off, for It Is a slow process
and all the coal and oil that is in the
bowels of the earth will be needed. It
wasent put there for nothing. Mission
ary work Is going on more rapidly than
ever before, but it is lIke a drop in ii
bucket of water. We have got 20 000
missionaries In besth'en lands and tR ey
are afded by 80,000 native preachers
and teachers, but these 100.000 will
have to convert an average for each of
ten a year to make a mi,llon, and there
are over a thousand millions of heath
ens now and more coming on. But they
do not convert half a million a year.
for the last report gives only 4,000.000
all told.. Last year we spent $20,000,000
'ea them and have now over 1.000,000
children going to Christian schools and
have 23,000 churches and over 1,000 sec
ndary schools besides medical colleges
saI training schools and hospitals and
asylums for orphans and the blind and
the insane and the lepers. They have
not almost everything that we have
got and now have protection in Con
stantinople and Pekin end Beirut and
ether great heathen centers. The work
they ba-re done in the last ten years is
- amazin and the abduction of Miss
Stone has Increased their zeal. Thirty
million dollars has been promised for
this yea" and they say that If we can
not convert the:' we exn at least civil
fre them and teach them the doctrine
of a elean shirt and a comfortable
home, and these are the first lessons In
?effgion3. The last official report tells
us that more than half the purpils are
girls. For centuries women and girls
have been under the ban and were of
no more consequence in the householdl
than dogs or beasts of burden. but now
they are being lifted up and trestcl
with humanity and respect. If the work
er our missionaries -accomplishedl nc
ether goodl but the rescuing of wo~man
f|rom the degrodation of ages it is
vorth ten times its cost. Cost! whav t
the cost but the surplus of crr w'ea!th
and that surplus is not ours, but Gor
Libraries and colleges are good thi:'.
to build up and foster. but how mnuet
4o the millionaires give to the cauze c'
riss~ions? Most of this charity we ar
told came from those who are nov
worth one-tenth of a mihion. It is a Ia
aiemitable fact that the more a ms~n h-l.
th~e teore he wants and the less he give
away in pronortloc to his wealth. Th-~
yarah!e of Dives and Lazarus was
$ssed to slarm the rich and seltid
but most of them say give me a little
more money and I will take the risk of
losing heaven. Paul said to Timothy:
"Gain is not godliness, but godliness
with contentment is great gain. We
brought nothing into this world, and
it is certain we can carry nothing out
and they who would be rich fall into
temptation and into foolish and heart
ful lusts that cast men into perdition.
The love of money is the root of all
evil." There is a sermon to live by, but
it is hard to do. Somehow I can't help
wishing I had a little more than I 'iave
got-not for myself, but my wife would
like a carriage and horses and ride
around and take the grand children,
and she would like to have some mbnev
of her own to give away and buy titt:e
presents without asking me every now
and then for a dollar or two. She does
hate to do that, and I don't let her
when I have any to spare.-Bill Arp in
Get a Five-Year Sentence For Killing
Walhalla, Special.-Thursday morn'
Ing the trial of John Hudson, Money
Hudson, George Hudson, Thomas Hud
son and Jack Sentnell, charged 'ith
murdering Rachel Thomas in the upper
part of the county, November :15th
last, was commenoed. Great interest
was manifested in this trial and
ll day Thursday and half of Friday
was consumed in taking the testimony
['he arguments Friday afternoon of
fessrs. Jaynes and Shelor and of So
icitor Boggs were very able.
John Hudson, Money Hudson and t
rack Sentnell were convicted of man- 1
daughter. George and Tom Hudson. T
he other defendants, were found not
Judge Gary sentenced the men each
o six years in the penitentiary. The
,hree convicts were young white mar- r
led men. Their wives- were present in s
ourt and heard them sentenced. '
Pastell Loden, one of the witnesses t
a this case, was shot and killed in a l'
ifticulty at Westminister a few hours t
fter testifying. 1
THE STORY OF THE CRIME. a
The account of this murder appeared c
1 the State of Nov. 27th last and fol- P
>ws. It will be noted that they under- e
)ok to correct an alleged social sin in I'
heir community by lawlessness and 0
lot, and followed this with murder. t
uis was the second woman ever killed 0
i Oconee county. The convicts may p
Dnsider themselves doubly fortunate t
i having jury and judge so mercifully tl
isposed where they were guided only 0
y savage instincts: a
"As the result of the killing of Mrs. E
achelor Powell alias Thomas. Sunday t'
ight, six young men are now in Oco- T
ce jail. They are John Hudscn, q
[oney Hudson. Gcorge Hudson. Tom P
udson. Rowland Robertson pnd Jack C
entnell. The first three were arrested E
onday morning 25 miles from the w
ene of the crime toward the Georgia ti
ne. The others were arrested yester- is
teiuet. near Salem. A ,i_
~undfay night about 3 o'c6w -
~an to tear the house down. After they
bad torn most of the roof off and his
:hlmney down to the ground Powell
hen came out and found four men all
>f whom he recognized as the Hudson
boys. He made the best fight he could
Lnd knocked Money Hudson down with
i piece of plank. At this functure his
wife, a woman of 50 years, came out
and was shot In the heart and death
rollowed instantly. Mr. Powell says he
believed there were others near the
house but he could not recognize them.
Three of the Hudsons left and passed
through Walhalla, about sunrise Sun
dlay morning. At the inquest Mr. Pow
elI swore that he had knocked Money
lTudson down and that he had given
tim a black eye.
"When this statement was made
Powell had not seen Hudson and did
not know that he was In jail. Hudson
shows the black eye. Drs. Bell and Mc
Ktnlcy held the post mortem and found
the ball to be one from a 38 calIbre
pistol. The Hudsons had two pistols
when arrested. one a 32 calIbre, anti
the other a 38. Mrs. Powell leaves five
children. The place of the kIlling is
17 miles north of here on Keowee river.
"Westley Powell and Rachel Powell
alias Thomas were under indictment
in this country for living in ' deltry.
The Hudsons are the sons of John M.
Hudson, a Confederate soldier. Ro'b
ertson is from North Carolina. Sent
nell lived on Keowee river.
"This is s3id to have been the second
woman ever killed in Oconee county
and the affair Is deeply regretted. The
case against all the accused now in jail
Is believed toibe a strong one."
OUTLAW ENDS CAREER.
Bartow Warren, the Express. Robber,
Dies By Drowning.
Branchville, Special-Therbody found
in the Edisto river was taken'out Satuir
day morning and positively identified
as the body of Bai'tow Warren, thoujhr
the verdict of the coroner's jury was
that the man was -unknown to them
and that he came to his death by ac
Every one that has seen this body
and knew Warren during life, posi
tively identified it as being his body.
The pistols found on the body were
also identified as Warren's property.
There was a camp fixed just across
the river from where the body was
found just large enough for one man to
sleep in. This was In sight of where
thD safe was tied. on the night of .Tan.
27th. The su-pposItion now is- that War
ren was at this camp watching the safe
when the officers found it, and seeing
they were pretty- close and fearing cap
ture, tried to swim the river and was
drown"d In the attempt. It was ge-n
erallytho'ught that Warren was at the
head of both of the express robberies
whIch occurred near Fifty-Eight.
Phonograph to Aid Telephone.
It is suggested that n>y :placing phon
ographs at intervals of say 100 miles
in long-distance telephone lines much
smnaller and th'erefore much -cheaper
tire can be used. The phonograph
-eceives and transmits the sound
raeoa withont loss to thbeir foree.
SOUTHERN INDU I
New Enterprises That Are g5
Our Favo-ed Scctio
The South's Iro- In
The consumption of. iron' s
now running at about the
000,000 tons a year, is so. s
that it is difficult to fully
fact that this growth is pe
It is altogether probable that
agAin see much lower prices.
than at present, as it would e
natural to expect an unbroken
of the phenomenal activity
now pervades the iron and at
dustry; but we have probably
a period where the consum i
irbn and steel will expand as r
as the productive capacity o
:ountry. We may have tem
iullness, as in the past, but
:reasing uses of iron in fireproof
truction, which must come a
[he better class of dwellings,
ffice buildings; the vast e
-now a necessity-in 'the .
acilities of the railroad:.the
ry, and in the improve a ;.oi
ed and rolling stock
ieavier traffic, are alla
nenting the consumption of iron&
)eyond the 18,000,000 tons 'hbi
iave reached. In the light of
,rowing power of iron and steel,
s of more than sectional inMt
hat the South has passed the,spe
ative period in this industiO gnd
iow in position, by virtue of the fi
~rovements which have b'een mas
and tie new capital which has bee
ecured during the lat fe " eams
eap the beiefit of a very activ at
ound. extension of its iron interest
'he experimental, and to a- large e
ent speculative, condition which a
ng prevailed in the Southern irc
rade, to the great detriment of i
egitimate advancement, has passe
way. One by one the leading ire
ompanies of the South have bee
utting their plants in a high state'
ficiency, enlarging their furnace
nproving their facilities for minin
re and coal and making coke, an
aus getting on a basis for lower cos
r production, which, when lowe
rices come, will enable them to cot
nue in profitable operation withot
ie troubles which hampered so man
them in times past. With all of it
ivantages for iron-making, the Sout
Lade comparatively little progress i
at industry between 1890 and 190C
his was due in part to lack of ade
uate capital and experience, and i
3rt to many cases of thoroughly bad
en if not knowingly corrupt, mis
anagement, the evil influence c
hich directly and indirectly Injure
e iron trade of the whole South. I
since about 1900 that the South'
n interests have been ,tt nt
elopi nt oftisn
o be more nearly commen ewi
he advantages of this section th
~as been the case in the past. T
rutlook is altogether cheering.
A $300,000 Additional Mail.
A dispatch from Spartanbuf-g, S.
nnounces an extensive addition to
ade by the D. E. Converse Co.
lendale, S. C. It states that the dir
ors definitely decided at a meeting
partanburg on March 1 to erect a!
2mill, which will have an equipmt
f 15,232 spindles anti 464 looms.. 'I
production will be high-grade clot
Structure to accommodate the n
chnery will be 100x180 feet in si
lhe capitalization of the No. 2 phe
will be $300,000. A. H. Twichell is pr
dent and treasurer.
Erecting Weaving Addition.
Mention was made recently of an
crease of capital stock from $50.000
$200000 by the Ancbor Mills of Hi
tersvifle, N. C. It has been ascertah
now that extensive Improvements hi
been commenced by th1e company p
paratory to adding weaving to its
erations. An addition two stories hi
75x200 feet, is being erected, and it
will be installed the looms necqs
(probably 140) to consume the prod
of the company's 4100 spindles. Poi
bly otl er Detterments will also
Jonesville (S. C.) Cotton Mills has
creased capital stock from '$25,000)
Tucapan (S. C.) Mills Co. has ad
seventy-four looms, increasing its ti
to 839: plant has 28,000 spIndles.
J. F. Williams of Shelby, N. C..
admitted E. A. Welman to a half-in
est in his hosiery mill, and the- p
will be enlarged.
Gonzales (Texas) Cotton Mills
increase capital from $125,000 to $1
000. The comnany's 500-spindle
100-loom mill was completed recen
W. M. Hagood of Easley, S. C., is
ganizing a company, with cap
stock of $200,000. to build cotton:
tory. About $60,000 ar-been subsc
It is reported that Sumpter Cogs1
of Fell City, Ala.. has completed
ran gements for the erection of a
000,00 cotton mill by New EngI
and local capitalists.
Messrs. W. R. Lloyd, T. .T. Hoi
John -Lloyd and W. E.R Lindamu
Chpel Hill, N. C., have incorpora
B~lanche Hosiery Mills Co., with c:
a1 stock of $6500, and privilege of
crease to $15,000.
Tennille (Ga.) Cotton Mills' stock:
ders will meet March 10 to cons
plans for putting the plant in OlD
tion.' It is a new-mill-of 400 spin<
completed recently, but capital for
eration is lacking. Possibly 4he be
holders will take charge.
It is reported at Lindale, Ga., i
the Massachusetts Mills in Geo
will double its plant of 51,26t spin'
and 1726 loom -An enlarpmenut of
peniture of abocrg,00 ow.
no authoritative statment has .l
ad coacrnim= the insmainet
RE KABLC ADVACiaN t
hown By' South Carolina's Indus- S
tries As Given in Census R-port.
rFromn Editorial in Columbia State.]
We have at last received census b'tl
etin No. 140 containing sta.is ical
um:.ries of the maunufacturing and
nechanical industries in South C.oii
ia for tho. census year 1900. It is fell
f interest for those who have followed
he rapid development of our mechani
:al industries. Nine tables of stztis
Ics are presentel.: ,The first shows
omparative figures for the State at the
everal censuses. The second shows all
the industries of the State divided be
tween hand trades and the manufac
ures. proper, and also the statistics of
the governmental establishments edu
cational and elemosynary institutions.
and establishments with a product of
less than $500, which three latter class
es were not reported at previous cen
suses. The third shows statistics of the
eight leading industries of the stat"
fo- 1890 and 1900. The fourth shows
the totals for the city of Charleston at
the censuses of 1880, 1890 and 1900.
The fifth shows the urban manufac
tures of the State in comparison with
the totals for the entire State and the
State exlusive of the 12 cities and
towns withdrawn from the enumera
.tors. The sixth shows the manufac
tures. of the State by counties. The
seventh shows the Industries of the
State by specified industries. -e
eighth shows the statistics for the
cities of Charleston and Columbia by
Ieelfied in?ustries. The ninth shows
the totals for all industries in each of
the cities and towns withdrawn from
the enumerators, except of those shown
a the eighth table.
s It is impraeticable. of course, tq.sUxn
arize In a form suited to popular di
n tion the mass of informatioa con
I ined in these tables; but we shall
d resent some salient figures which may
n be readily grasped and which it is de
r irable that the public should assimi
For the entire State the following
d Igures of 50 years' manufacturing de
relopment are prosented: The number
,,f establishments increased from 1,330
In 1850 to 2.382 in 1890 and 3,762 in
1900. The capital increased from $6,.
033.265 in 1850 to $29,276,261 in 189-1
a $67,356,465 in 1900. The average
numnber of wage-earners increased
from 7,066 in 1850 to 22,74S in 1890 ane
43;135 in 1900. The tctal wages in
creazed from $1,127,712 in 1850 to S5,
471 ,739 in 1890 and $9,455.900 in 1900
T e employed men of 16 years an
o er increased from 5,992 in 1850 t
1 .664 in 1890 and 29,823 in 1900. Th
mployed women of 16 years and ove
LI rot separately reported in 1850. The
Iwere reported as numbering 464
1870, 2,309 in 1890 and 8,560 in 194
The cost of materials used was $2,781
524 in 1850, $18,873,666 in 1890 and $34
027.795 in 1900. The value of product
ijluding custom work and repairint
ilereased from S7,C45,477 In 1850
3 fj.926,681 in 1890 and $58,748,731
1 Te bulletin shows that during ti
nlf1 century the population increasi
100.5 per cent. while the average nun
ber of wage-earners employed in ma:
a tfacturing establishmlents increas'
reper oent. of the entire population, e'a
,pared with 1.1 per cent In 1850. "Pro
ably the best indication of the impo
tance of the wage-earning class,"
says, "is afforded by the greatest nut
er ernployed at any one time durit
n.the year. In 1900 this was 62,900~,
tc 47 per cent. of the population of tl
n.entire State." That is to say, in 19
et nearly one-twentieth of the inhabitan
LVI of the State were employed in man
r. facturin . This percentage, of coura
Shas bee greatly increased since th
( time by'reason of the increase in t
it manufacture of cotton, and in the lut
h er, cotton seed oil and fertilizer i
Si dustries. At this time the percenta
. of the whole population so employ
be should be 'l.5. During the decade fra
1890 to 190y the value of lands a;
building invested in manufacturing
creased fronm $8,573 or 9.5 per cent.
the total va\ue of real estate to $12
n 316,413, or 15 per cent. of such assess
c value. .Becaise of the large additic
to our manutactures since the cens
ee year and the -eassessmient of mnanufs
ta turing properties it is probable 1h
the figure is now 20 per cent.
A significant tact which will ha
er*its effect upon I.he public mind a:
tshould be fr#ply circulated in ne
nmmer's camp4gn, is that during t
decade 1890-190 the number of cil
Sren employed ' n manufacturing
a brnsed 370.7 per cent. while the nu;
tl.ber of men (16 years and over) I
creased only 79 p r cent. The numb:
or of women (16 y rs and over)i
taa creased 158.3 per ent. 'rhis shows t
c- growing tendency of our cotton man
c'bfacturers to emplor cheaper classes
labor. In the ve'y cheapest cia!
! children, the inc-ease is more th1
a- double that In the next cheapest. w'
$1.. men; and the empbyment of womn
nn has increased almot twice as fast
that of men.
The "hand trade'-inclurding su
a) occupations as bicyc repaIting, blac
.e smithing, plumbing, watch repairit
tc etc.. etc., do not make a large showir
1There were 785 establishments of t!
i-sort, employing $840,607 capital a
01 ,9 wage-earnerr4 The value of pr
ducts as $2,3235
er The manufactur prosperity of t
raa State in 1900 is abk by the fact th
lees.while there were 7,930 active establis
p mnts with a capital of, $70,056,2
In- there were 58 idle ones, with a capil
The eight leeding -industries of t
ha State were cotton spods, fertilizei
giza flouing antgist.Milt products, lus
lIe, be and timber produt, planing.m
hiis produts, including iasb, deforu a
ex- bi ds, cotton seed pridce cle.
r 43.6 per cent. of the total number m
he State; used a capital of -$58.538,373. A
r 86.9 per cent. of the total; gave i
nployment to 39.066 wage-earners or e
1.2 per cent. of the total number; and I
aid $6,965,935 or 73.7 per cent. of the I :
ota.l wages. The valus of their pro
lucts were $48.041.940 or 81.8 per cent
f the total. Some details are as fol
The number of establishments in- 3
reased during the decade 1890-1900
rom 1,169. to 1,640; the capital increas
;d from 421,771,.113 to $58.538,373; the
.ve.'age number of wage-earners in
-rosed from 15.563 to 39,066; the total
,ages paid incrce.sed from $3,008,722 to
p6.965.9,5; the miscellaneous expenses
ncreased from $1.278.679 to $2.472,263.
the cost of material used increased
'rom "14,301,942 to $29,272,774; and the
value of the products increased from
21.927.09 to $48.041.940. The percent
es of gain (excluding the numbers of
establishments) ranged from 93.3 in
;aiscellaneous expenses to 168.9 in cap
During the decade the capital invest
ed in the manufacture of ootton goods
increased from $11,141,833 to $39,259
946; the average number of wage-earn
ers from 8,071 to 30,201: the wages
from $1,510,494 to $5,066,840; the cost
of materials used from $6,819.320 to
$17,263,822; and the value of the pro
ducts from $9,800,798 to $29,723,919.
The fertilizer industry showed only
a small increase except in capital, the
enlargement here being from $5,920,
218 to $10,505.043. The number o f
wage-earners increased only from 1.102
to 1.772 and the value of products from
$4.417,658 to $4,882,506.
The flouring and grist miils show
a contrary tendency as to capital, the
reduction in this d!rection being over
one-third and the number of wage
earners increasing nearly two-thirds,
while the value of products increesed
from $2,083.126 to $2.247.790.
The lumber and timber products
showed these increase: Number of es
tablishments. from 352 to 729; capita
from $1,348,155 to $5.187,727; wage
frm2,590 .to 4,585; wages from
4$40,g8 to$897,899: cost of - materials
from $996,289 to $Z.692.805; and v e
of products from $2.-!46,750 to $5,2,
184. The value of planing mills pro
ducts. etc., increased from $711,838, to
The number of cotton seed oil mills
increased from 17 to 50: their capital
from $565,372 to $1.959.872; the!r wage
earners from 416 to 734: their wages
paid from $56,354 to $143.932; their
fvt of materials from $740.605 to $2.
362,837: and their value of products
from $927,772 to $3,103,425.
There was a decrease in the naval
ctorrs industry; in the number of es
tabPshments from 201 to 132; in capi"
tal from $005,873 to $268.719; in wage
earners from 2,243 to 886; in waget
paid from $378,768 to $135.575; in cos
of materials from $677.383 to $471.261
an-l in ValjI% of products from $1,524.
000 to $7S7.656. Apparently t e nava
storea industry is disappearing fron
South Cerolina-and with it a goo
many negro "turnentine hands" whi
can well be spared.
In considering these figures one can
not but be impressed by the lack C
r dversification In our manufacture!
C Deduct cotton gpods, fertilizers, lumbe
of s of th'
0 tw e ~i prodcts. We shoui
appy or.eergeshesiceforth in-oth
The fifth table gives statistics of !!
,consolidated manuf'actures of the
leading manufacturing cities ax
towns: Anderson, Beaufort, Camde
Charleston, Chester. Columbia. Gre
ville, Newberry. Orangeburg, Rock Hi
dSpartanburg and Sumter. These
c:jital, employed 33.7 per cent. of t
number of manufacturing establis
ments in the State, 41.2 per cent. of t
capital, emp!ay~ed 32.7 per cent. of tl
wage earners, paid 39.8 per cent. of tl
wages and 39.7 per cent. of the cost
-materIals used. Their establishmer
tyIelded 39.2 per cent. of the v'alue
products. hlethey contaIned 10.2 p
cent. of South Carolina's populat.ioa.
orthe amount of capital invested th
estand as follows: Charleston $12.37:
187: Columbia $5,277,306: Greenvi
ts $2.858,388: Spartanburg $2,351,175. Ne
berry f1.336,625: Anderson $1,280.11
e,Rock H ill $826,941; Chester $480.6
t. Sumter $308,272; Camdlen $304,28
Oangeburg $239,635; Beaufort $3
I331. The wage-earners in the ma
considerable of these were as ft
elows: Charleston-5,027; Columbia 3,21
d renville 2.153; Spartanburg
m375; Rock Hill 1,050; Anderson 91
d Newberry 811. The wages paid sho
ed these totals: Charleston $1.489.96
Columbia $759,200; Greenville $37
, 392; Spartanburg $276,042; Rock H
A $197,080; Newberry $175,178; Ande
s son $166,313. Their products we
U thus valued: Charleston $9,562,38
Columbia $4,243.030; Greenville I
it24,990; Spartanburg $1,630,275; Ne
Iberry $1,200,892; Anderson $1,127,48
re Rock Hill $1,007,216; Chester $645.44
I Sumter $590,337; Ora.ngeburg $493,86
Camden $241,632: Beaufort $46,981.
heeCharleston is the largest city in t
3-State with 4.2 per cent. of the toi
U-population, and furnishee 16.3 per cel
n-Iof the manufactured products. Colu
l is the second city, with 1.6 per cel
er of the total population, and furnish
a-7.2 per cent, of the manufactured pl
e duts. Greenville is the third cil
~-with .9 per cent. of the total popul
of ton, and furnishes 3.8 per cent. oft
s, manufactured products. Spartanbu
n is the fourth city in the State, with
o-per cent. of the total population, a
n lfurnishes 2.8 per cent. of the total pt
ssduts. Sumter is the fifth city, wi
4 per cent. of the totallipopulatlon, a
hh furnishes 1 per cent df the total p:
k-duts. Anderson is thei sixth city, wi
. .4 per cent. of the total population, al
.. Ifurnishes 1.9 per cent. of the total pr
3 Iducts. Rock Hill is the seventh cil
dd with .4 per cent. of the total populatil
.and furnishes 1.7 per cent. of the toi
products. Newberry is the eighth ci
e e,with .3 per cent of the total popul
attion, and furnishes 2. per cent. oft
h total products. Orangeburg Is t
pg ninth city, with .3 per cent. of the tot
al population, and furnIshes .8 per cel
of the total products.
leThe table of manufac.tures by eou
ties is very full, but ned not be cc
sidered exceptflo show the rank-of co
tga leading antes, C harlest
14cuty has 417 in ima wI
,$321,40 invested in manufacturit
Sad the value of ita products is 1
ts 5 Spartanburg senity ha 1172
. -/ thn hmemnt. th $2LUs,U I
and has 130 establishnts with $5.
22.615 invested capital and $4,464,99t
products. Greenville county has 182:
stsblishments with $4,693.325 invested
apital and $4,559,329 products. Ander
;cn county has 167 establishments.
vit.i $3.622,904 capital and $4,005,526
roduets. Aiken has 85 establishments,
with $3,559,745 capital and $2,996,274
roducts. York county has 108 estab
sSments, with $2,129.68.5 capital and
52,066.257 products. Cherokee has 49
:stabllsbments with $2,374.358 Invested
apital and $1,588,258 products. Union
aunty has 51 establishments with $3.
,r7,134 capital and $1,976,397 products.
Newberry has 86 establishnients with.
1,416,868 capital and $1.339,455 pro
lucts. Marlboro has 112 establialmeti
with $1,129,980 invested capital and $1,..
D65.285 products. Darlington has 61
establishments with $1,471,839 capital.
and $1,181,608 products. Lexington has
154 establishments with $1,271,491
capital and $923,571 products. Beau
fort has 41 establishments with $1,
138,332 capital and $703,957 products.
Laurens has 90 establishments with
$540,566 capital and $1.027.478 pro
ducts. Oconee has 133 establishments
with $902,145 capital and $775,158 pro
ducts. Orangeburg has 171 establish
ments with $495,347 invested capital
and $836,167 products. Sumter has
143 establishments with $502,114 eap
ital and $922,236 products.
CHEAP FOOD FOR dDQSESand CATTLE
Clemson College Makes an Important
Suggestion to The Farmers.
The following communication, is
sued by the Assistant Agriculturist
of Clemson Agricultural College, is of
so much value to the farmers of this
State on account of the present high
price of all Feed products. for fam
animals and stock, that I have de
termined to get you to publish it:
As some of the products made Up a
the ration as made 'b'r Mr. Con"r
may not be available to every planter
I suggest that any such planter write'
to Mr. Connor and state what Food
products are available to him, both
rough forage and concentrated food.
and. Mr. Connor will take pleasure In.
making up a ration to suit his needs
as he has done in this instance. Yours
try C. FITZSIMONS,
General Manager of the Southern
Cotton Oil Company.
Columbia, S. C.
To the Editor of The News and
Courier: Farmers from various sec
tions of the State have been writing
asking about the advisability of feed
ing horses and mules on cotton seed
meal and hulls, and also asking for a- .
cheaper ration than corn.
The following prices are given In a.
letter from Scranton, S. C.: Corn, $40
per ton; oats, $45 per ton; wheat
. bran, $26 per ton; cotton seed meali
. $25 per ton; rice meal, $20 per ton
Of ..course, corn and oats are out of
'.as a food for "'res and
thn cheaper6 s eoo for.
The analysishows that rice ment
lis,ir-oe the same compositicoE sa
on ea, and we have found that It.
s just as good for feeding pigs. We
have fed It to horses with good re
e suts. I think we are safe In sayI
12 that it may be used in place of corn,
dpound, for pound.
i, If lnohay or fodder is usedin the
- ration and hulls are resported to ass
I, roughness, some nitrogenous food,
12 such as bran or cotton seed meal, must
a be used to supply protein. Hulls may
. Ibe fed without any fear of injury to'
e the animal. Should they refuse to eat
ie the hulls a little corn meal or 'brafl
esprinkled over the surface will help'
olto break them to It.
te A good ration may be made up as
Six pounds of rice meal, costing. .6.62
Four pounds of wheat bran, cost
.. ig. .. . ..... .... .... 5.0'
la Two pounds of cotton seed meal,
. costing.. .... .... .. ...... 2.5
;Ten pounds of cotton seed hulls,
.costing.. .. .. .....--.--.----'
~Total cost of ration per day 17.1
e The above is for a horse or mule of
1. 1,000 pounds live weight.
- It Is evident that a ration made up
1.- of corn and fodder and containing the
; same amount of digestible matter as
w. the above ration. would cost much
6; more than the above.
),- The North Carolina Exp.'rment.
i Station has fed cotton seed meal and
hr. hulls to horses with good results, but
re the experiments along this line have
7;not, been extensive e,nough to ay
2~that cotton seed meal can be fed la
.unmited quantities for any length
S;of 'time without Injury to the animal.
;Numbers of farmers, however, have
0;reported that they have fed cotton
eed meal and hulls- to mules and
ie horses with good results.
al C. M. CONNOR,
Assistant Agriculturist South Care
lina Experirnent Station'.
A Su-:day Bull Fight.
-El Paso, Tex., Special-Ten thou
ee sand people, most of them Americans,
g witnessed a bloody bull fight at
99 Juarez, Mex., just across the river
dd from this city, Sunday, in which two
0-of Spain's most noted matadors
th Fuentes and Mazzantini-took a lead-.
dd ing part. Six bulls were dispatched
"by the sword and five horses were. *
tilgored to death. Tuentes and Massan
d tii, who have been touring Mexico,
-.go from here to Spain, for a series of
Y 70 fights.
ty Private PensIons.
a. Washington, Specal.-Senators and
e members of the House are very- much
te interested in the fact that the pen
slon bill will become a law, because
they hope to obtain from it some re-.
n- lid from the pressure on them to '
a-- secure private pensIig legislation, as
r- It contal i,ptMgyfl making It -"
criminal offense for attorneys, elab
Sagents or other persons t
i.compeOsation for service