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WONDERFUL MOTOR GAS
With the Application of Air It
MAY LOWER PRICE OF MACHINES
:aventor Expects to See Fine Auto
mobiles Sold For St=O-He Claims
For New Gas Cheapness, Safety and
Easiness of Control-Can Be Used
Also For Illuminating.
It does not require a close scrutiny
of the reports from the patent office at
Washington to inform the average
man that wondrous improvements are
being made in the purely mechanical
as well as in the scientific world, says
a New York Tribune reporter. Now,
those who are interested In automo
Liles have a new problem to keep them
Lusy. The latest thing in automobiles,
which the writer inspected the other
day, is a gasoline machine from which
the gasoline tank is removed, another
tank substituted and the machine run
without the use of any gasoline at all.
When the gasoline tank had-"been re
moved, another tank, smaller in size,
was put in its place. The new tank
contalaed a gas which, in connection
with the usual dry battery, the gaso
line engine and free air, supplied the
power for the running of the automo
bile. The inventor, for the present at
least, intends to keep secret how this
gas is made, although he asserts that
patents have been granted to him in
the United States, Canada and in Eu
An interesting demonstration of the
efficiency of the new power was given
in a little vacant store in the lower
part of Manhattan. The inventor, his
son and the'writer were present. The
machine to which the new force was
applied had been hastily put together.
There were the framework and half
horsepower machinery of an old quad
ricycle. On top of these had been
placed the wooden body of an ordina
ry runabout road wagon. The front
pneumatic tired wheels rested on the
floor. while the rear wheels were
jacked up several inches from the
floor. This was done to give the en
gine full play without moving the au
The gas was confined in a steel tank
eight inches In diameter by fifteen
inches In length. This tank was placed
In the body .of the wagon just back of
the eat and was connected by little
iron tubing with the gasoline engine
placed between the axles of the rear
'wheels. This tubing ran around to the
left side of the wagon bed, across the
dashboard in front and then back along
the body of tle runabout and conneect
~e ihthe engine in the rear. Trhere
The may desire Thie lever, Qr steering
rod,'~extends from the dashboard and
has arubber handle. An-inchifrom the
a-ubber handle there Is a little: hard'
rubber disk, zot unike thie steel slide
to be found on the modern hammneriess
shotgun. With this slide the driver con
trols-the speed of the machine and the
amount of gas to be generated. The
seats of- the wagon were removed to
show the visitor, dry electric batteries,
which furnish the spark necessary for
The inventor, a man well advanced in
~-years, climbed into the automobile and,
-giving the lever a sharp pull back and
then a push forward, grasped the steer
ing bar, and the rear wheels of the
machine began to whirr around at con
sidlerable speed. There Wvas some noise,
but not so much as would have been
the case had the vehicle been started
'with gasoline. There was no smell.
By moving his thumb on the little slide
attached to the handle he controlled the
speed of the wheels to suit his fancy.
Then the vilsitor was asked to climb to
the seat and see bow simple and easy
It was to operate the machine. With a
few instructions he found that to con
trocl toie machinery was something.that
as\all boy might learn in a few main
nted if all went well.
To demonstrate further the power of
the new gas the connection with the
tank In the automobile was severed
and the pipe was fastened to a big tin
tank on the floor some distance from
the machine. It was said that this tin
tank had been charged with gas sev
eral weeks ago, yet when the proper
connection was made the rear wheels
of the automobile spun around as mer
~;' ~ rily as before. Noticing an incredulous
Slook on the face of the visitor, the In
'rentor removed the jacks, and the ma
Schine was pushed several feet nearer
S\to the doer of the shop. The mnachge
avas jacked again, the inventor mount
ed the seat tand again started the wheel
"That was; done," said he, "to show
you that we had no connection with
any steam pipe or electric wires under
Then the inventor brought out a little
cone shaped tube from the rear of the
shop and proceeded to show how 'ie
could also use the gas for illuminating
purposes. There was a gas burner at
one end of the tube and an opening at
the other. Putting the open end into
his mouth. the man blew into the tube.
Then, lighting a match, he apjplied it
to the burner, and a pale. greenish
ilame appeared. which lasted until the
* air had been exhausted. It is said that
de new gas can be used for power.
'light and heating purposes and that
*there is no danger in connection with
W. H. Russell and his son, George E.
'Russell of New York. city, the latter
-an electricaI engineer, gave' the dem
e. nstration'.- "IE have been experimenit
lng 'wii-this ga: for the rast thirty'
years," said the elder Mr. Russell,
several years. The tank containing
the pas will weigh from eight to twen
ty-three pounds. Our plan is to gener
ut( ;as fromi certaui ceic~nials and by
drocarbon viich produce a carburet
ted .hydrogen gas. We have tested It
on automobiles and various sorts of
stationary and marine engines and
have met with success everywhere. I
estimate that the gas is about one
third more powerful than gasoline and
rauch less expensive. Under our plan
it will cost a cent per horsepower an
hour, while gasoline costs from 1 to
2% cents per horsepower an hour. We
have operated a marine engine eight
and a half hours at a cost of 4 cents
an hour. We can produce 100 sixteen
candle lights at a cost of 10 cents an
"The gas Is so made -that air passing
through it enables it to give the amount
of power required. The admission of
air is controlled by a valve, and the
power and light are under the com
plete control of the operator. When
the tank has been exhausted, it can be
recharged, as oxyhydrogen gas is
charged into tanks, but with the ex
ception of being under pressure. This
new gas has absolutely no pressure.
"This is in no sense an acetylene
gas, which is produced from carbide
of calcium, to which water is applied.
This gas is entirely different from
acetylene, in that there is no carbide
of calcium in it. Then acetylene is
dangerous. This is a dry, safe gas.
The expansion of acetylene Is so un
certain that it is a dangerous com
modity under almost any condition
when water Is applied, as there is no
way of estimating its power. It has
also been demonstrated that liquid air
is not adapted for commercial use, for
its deterioration is so great and the
machinery so expensive that ItN future
usefulness is likely to be contned to
the laboratory for experimental pur
poses and demonstrations.
"With this improvement 1 expect to
see a fine automobile turned out which
can be sold to the public for, say,
$350." __ _ _ _
STRIKERS' FERRIS WHEEL.
Novel Idea of Pittston (Pa.) Miners
to Make Money.
Many plans have been adopted by the
striking coal miners to make money
during the strike, -but none is more
novel than the idea conceived by sev
eral clever miners of Pittston, Pa., says
the Philadelphia Press. Failing to get
work in the district and not desiring
to leave their families, they conceived
the idea of running a place of amuse
ment and getting what few hickels
are to be spent in these hard times.
The result of their plans is a "Ferris
wheel," iot like the big one at Chicago,
but a model of ingenuity and economy
in the use - of materials, which is no
less an attraction to Pittston than the
original was to Paris.
A tree forms one support for the big
axle made of an old cast -fron pIpe.,
eghit passengers. Four big props, such
as are used In- the mines, supj~pk tt.
1it, s made of rough ~onds, apd'the
seats ,are oT .board. an'd swing trpely
on a pipe banger.
Placed at the top of a hill at one end
of the town, the "wheel" commands a
view: of the entire city, as it is twenty
four feet high. It is worked by a crank
turned by man power, and the rides
cost 5 cents each. Some of the ma
terial had to be purchased, and this
wes obtained with the understanding
that It Is to be paid for out of the re
CHiNESE COINS TOO UGLY.
#mercan Experts Engaged to Help
The Chinese emperor has compared
the money which is being turned -out
of his mints with American coins and
has come to the conclusion that it is
not handsome enough, says a special
from Washington to the New York
A cable message was received from
Minister Conger the .other day asking
that two Americans skilled in the op
eration of minting machinery be de
tailed to take charge of the Chinese
mint for the purpose of introducing
American methods. There had already
been some correspondence on the sub
ject, and on receipt of the cable Mint
Director Roberts detailed Assistant
Assayist Magruder and Assistant Su
perintendent of Machinery Emory, both
of the New Orleans mint.
They were selected several weeks
ago, but there was a hitch on the mat
ter of 'salary. The Chinese officials
thought they came too high, but final
ly consented to pay the amount asked.
The field of dredging for gold Is ex
panding in California. Where It will
stop is difficult to determine, says the
San~ l-'rancisco Chronicle. Wherever a
ol of water deep and large enough to
flot a dredger can be created In an
aurife:or~s gravel bank this process
will be adopted. That is the drift of
the industry. Trhe river beds whore
the paiy dirt cannot be reached by oth
er inining methods are now being
worked. aind the benches and mead
ows in which the auriferous debris
from the canyons above has been de
positedI are becomjing sources of great
roit to the dredge miner.
Novel Water Trouf-e
London is introducing w::Dr troughs
for thirsty horses at which the water
can b~e run off by touching a push but
ton and fresh water run In.
Favorite Gemi of the Fall.
The "touch of green" has extended
to the jewelry. The emerald is the
favorite -gem of the fall season.
Automoblies In Demand. -
Every one of the large automobile
STORY OF LARNED'S PLUCK
International Tennis Champion Un
diumayed by Early Defeats.
William A. Larned of Summit, N. J.,
now has undisputed claim to the title.
"America's greatest tennis player,"
and in defeating at Newport, R. I., R.
F. Doherty. the English challenger for
the American championship, who had
previously worsted Malcolm D. Whit
man of Boston, ex-champion of Ameri
ca, Larned demonstrated what his
friends have long held, that when in
one of his periodical streaks of bril
liancy few of the world's experts could
Larned is a quiet, unassuming play
er, and he is a perfect type of the "in
and outer," meaning one that is at his
best one day and at his worst the next.
He seldom plays In the same form on
two succeeding days, and this peculia'r
ity was clearly shown in his first match
with R. F. Doherty, which occurred at
Bay Ridge, N. Y., In the international
series for the Davis trophy. On the
first day of the match he won two sets
straight, and on the second he lost
Larned has been a prominent con
testant in the national championship
matches for six or seven years, never
reaching the top until last year at
Newport. To illustrate his persistency
in his quest for the leader's title a
friend tells the following story: At the
close of the championship tourney at
Newport three years ago in which the
champion had been defeated again, he
was approached by a United States
Lawn Tennis association otilcikl, who
"Well, old chap, it's rather hard luck
to lose again. Whitman seems to be
too good for the rest of you fellows."
The future champion laughed, shook
his head and replied:
"Yes, it is rather diseouraging to be
beaten year after year, but I'm not
through yet. I maj not win next year,
nor the year after that, nor the year
after that, but rest asmored there will
come a time some day when W. A.
Larned will be at the top of the heap,
even If I have to ltve to the age of
Methuselah to do it."
The Jerseyman's recent victory,
which makes him international as well
as national champion, more than bore
out his prediction.
TO GROW TEA IN TEXAS.
Government Experts to Start Expert
ment Station Near Beaumont.
Dr. B. M. Duggad, plant physiologist,
United States department of agricul
ture, and Cornelius L. Shear, assistant
pathologist, ariived in Beaumont, Tex.,
the other morning to make prelim
inary tests of soil and arrangements to
start an experimental tea farm under
government supervision, says the New
Orleans Times-Democrat Dr. Dugga~1
Dr. Duggad said:' " etient t'eat will
grow in Texas, and a profitable belt
may be found extending through here
and Louisiana. We will make the
first experiment east of thg Trinity riv
er and will require about fiye acres of
land. The government is conducting a
very successful tea farm in South Car
olina, and the climate is practically the
same, except that It Is a little warmer
here. On this' farm is growing a tea.
which Is being sold at from 15 to 25
cents per pound, and good land willt
raise from 400 to 500 pounds of tea a.
The party was met at Beaumont by
Congrssman Cooper and a number of
prominent citizens, who are furnishing
all the data In their power regarding
DELAYED BY BEEF CARS.
Amusing Incident of the Presidentin
New Hampshire Trip.
During President Roosevelt's recent
trip through New Hampshire his cav
alcade, en route for the point where
the speaking was to occur, was headed.
off by a mile long train of freight cars..
They were Swift & Co. cars loaded.
with beef en route for Canada, and.
they seemed to move as slowly out of
the way as possible. For fifteen min
utes, the full time allotted by the
schedule for the president's stay in.
Manchester, the beef cars barred the
'You're up against the beef trust,.
Mr. PresIdent!" yelled a brawny la
borer In the front rank of the crowd..
Up went a mighty rear of laughter,.
while a broad smile lit up the presi
let's faoe. As a result of the long
delay the president's sech was cur
tailed to a few words.
Clergyman's Strange- Pact.
In order to obtain possession of a plot
of land for the enlargement of the
Methodist Episcopal church of Strat--i
ford. Conn., Rev. Royal W. Raymond,.:
~astor of the churth, has signed a con
tract to listen for tea hours to a dis
sertaton on "'Seience, Nature and Re
lgion" by Thaddeus E. Peck, the":
owner of the land, says a Bridgeport:
(Conn.) dispat h to the. Enalladelphia.
Press. Mr. Pe,.k. who does not believe-I
in revealed religion, thinks he has a.
fair chance of converting Pastor RIay
mond because, according to the con
tract that has been duly signed, sealed.
and delivered, Pastor Raymond Is
obliged by the terms of the document
to be an "attentive;' honest listener."
Exhibition of Stree? Signs.
In order to promote the use of artistic
street sIgns an exhibition is to be held.
In Paris in October at. ,vhich prizes
of $400, $200 and $100 are to be given.
for the three best original designs.
shown. Compettors'.are required to.
make stheir designs full size and for
Inhealthy Kidneys Make Impure Blood.
All the blood in your body passes through
rour kidneys once every three minutes.
The kidneys are your
'k f--,blood purifiers, they fil
-Z - i jter out the waste or
impurities in the blood.
If they are sick or out
of order, they fail to do
'w - their work.
Pains, aches and rheu
matism come from ex
- - cess of uric acid in the
blood, due to neglected
Kidney trouble causes quick or unsteady
eart beats, and makes one feel as though
hey had heart trouble, because the heart is
>ver-working in pumping thick, kidney
olsoned blood through veins and arteries.
It used to be considered that only urinary
:roubles were to be traced to the kidneys,
ut now modern science proves that nearly
ill constitutional diseases have their begin
iing in kidney trouble.
If you are sick you can make no mistake
y first doctoring your kidneys. The mild
mnd the extraordinary effect of Dr. Kilmer's
swamp-Root, the great kidney remedy is
soon realized. It stands the highest for its
wonderful cures of the most distressing cases
tnd is sold on its merits ..
>y all druggists in fifty
ent and one-dollar siz
s. You may. have a
;ample bottle by mail - Home of swamp.Root.
ree, also pamphlet telling you how to find
ut if you have kidney or bladder trouble.
Viention this paper when writing Dr. Kilmer
k Co., Binghamton, N. Y.y
MHE COMMERCIAL AND AGRICUL.
TURAL VALUE OF FERTILZER&
What Is known as the commerci.l
value of fertilizers as published in
Lgricultural bulletins and similar doc
timents, is a valuation made- up by
dding together the average value of
the chemical ingredients which are
:ontained in the fertilizers.
The agricultural value 6f a fertili
:er is variable according to the skill
)f the farmer and according to the
:rop, and according to the seasons. It
:rop, and the seasons. It is the
practical result obtained in apply
ing -the fertilizers. The two values
Dught to be about the same, and on
the average they probably are about
the same, but the individual farner
who gives carel ul personal attention
to his values wil be able to make con
siderable difference in his results by
studying the underlying principles.
he chemical ingredients which are re
cognized as imparting commercial
value to -fertilizers are nitrogen, phos- E
phoric acid and potash. There is but
one source of phosphoric acid which
is at all practical and which Is made
use of in the manufacture of fertiliz
ers In the South. This is acid phos
phate, which is made by treating
phosphate rock with sulphuric acid.
The most ordina:y source of potash is
kainit, which is mined .in Germany.
The phosphoric .acid and the. potash,
which are derived from these sources,
are about the san 'e in their results on
crops i the phosphoric acid and pot
ash derived from any oter sources,
but the sources of nitrogen are num
erous. This is the most important and S
nay'nredient in fertilizers. -
iss fthe -dontaine4f
~4refkor..ed just the same no
ttrfrom~'*hat' source the nitrogen
i obtainea, 'nd .this dict is apt toa
mialead ,thie :farmer Inw his estimate of
thf kinds of fertilizer to use for cer
tain crops. For example: a fertilizer o
containing nitrate of soda contains a C)
splendid form of nitrogen, and one I
which is very soluble'; therefore, it Is t
very good for early vegetables and s
quick growing crops, but it is entirely .
too soluble for use in the cotton drop. .
The cotton plant Is of slow growth and
needs to have its "food supplied tl
throughout a long interval. A fertili- tl
zer conUtining cotton seed meal, hav
ing the same amount of nitrogen as
another fertilizer made of. nitrate of
soda or any other source of nitrogen,
is much more valuable to the 'cotton
plant, even at the same commercial 'I
value, than any other kind of fertilizer.
The nitrogen in cotton seed me-il is all
soluble, but it requires some time to
be put into complete solution. This is
exactly what slow-growing crops like fI
cotton and corn require, therefore. it c
Is important for farmers in the pur- S
chase of fertilizer to specify that this
fertilizer is ma'le with cotton seed
meal, rather th'an other chemicals used
as a source of uitrogen (or, what is the
same thing, the source of ammonia.)
All fertilizers containing nitrogen in.
any form are generally known as am
monated fertilizers. Let every farmer
see to It that his fertilizers are am
moniated with cotton seed meal, and,
as he knows he can not get the meal
to better advantage than from any of
the local mills of the Southern Cotton
Oil Company of the Carolinas and
Georgia, or through their headquarters
at Columbia. S. C., Augusta, Ga., At
lanta, Ga., Savannah, Ga., and Golds
boro, N. C.. or _Charlotte. N. C.
A Parson's Noble Act.
"I want all the world to know,"
writes Rev. C. J. Budlong, of
Ashaway, R. I., "what a thorough
ly good and reliable medicine I
found in Electric Bitters. They '
eured me of jaundice and liver
troubles that had caused me great
suffering fqr many years. For a
genuine, all-around cure they ex
cel anything I ever saw." Elec
tric- Bitters are the isurprise of
all. for their wonderful work in
Lier, Kidney and Stomach trou
bles. Don't fail to try them.
Only 50 ets. Satisfaction is guar
anted by McMaster Co.
Is one where health abounds.
With impure blood there cannot
be good health.
With a disordered L.IVER there
cannot be good blood.
Tut t's ill
revfythetorpid LIVER and restore
its natural action.
A healthy LIVER means pare
Pure blood means health.
Health means happiness.
lakem nubtitte. AUl Druggists.
Are bpst reac b the Co on
runs two trains day fro M n
witho'p change. hese ai s
direc 'or make close nne o
foral partsof Texas, aho
If you want ton a bome"
In Texas. where I crops are
raised and where le prosper.
write for a copy of ou andsome
booklets. ' Homes in t e South.
west- and "ThroughT xaswitb
a Camera." Sent free to any
body who is anxious tobet r his
STATE OF SOUTH CAROLIN A,
COUNTY OF FAIRFIELD.
COURT OF COMMON PLEAS.
;i W. Parker, Carrie B. Steele, Mat
tie Mayer, Edgar W. Parker, James
E. Paiker, Joseph H. Parker and
Harry H. Parker, Thornwell H. Par
ker, Emma Parker, Eli Parker, and
Albert Parker, infants under twen
ty-one years of age, by Eli W. Par
ker, their guardian ad litem, Plain
on M. Parker, Sallie Hope, Law
rence L. Parker, and the Bank o
nmons. For Relief. Complaint
Yu are ,bereby summoned amt~ re
ufdtoitsivir the complaint in'thU
tion, of which a copy is herewith
rved upon you, and fe serve a copy
our answer to the said comnplaint
nthe subscrib?rs at their offiee, Bank
nge, Winnsboro, S. C., within twen
cdays after the service hereof, exclu
o of the day of such service; and, if
u fail to answer the compfaint with
1the time aforesaid, the plaintiffs in
is action will alpply to the Court for
erelief demanded in the.complaint.
ated July 17th, A. D. 1902.
LEE & MOISE,
A. S. & W. D. DOUGLASS,
'0the Defendant, Lawrence L. Parker:
ake notice, that, the summons, of
hich the foregoing is a copy, together
h the complaint in this action, were
e in the office of the Clerk of Court
Common Pleas for Fairfield County,
tae of South Carolina, on the 21st
yof July, A. D). 1902.
LEE & MOISE,
A. S. & W. D. DOUGLASS,
7-24-t Plaintiffs' Attorneys.
TATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA,
COUNTY OF FAIRFIELD.
COURT OF COMMON PLEAS.
George L. D~eHihns, Plaintiff,
eorge WV. Free, Joseph F. Free, Nan
y D. Smith, Lucinida E. DeHihna
Louisa C., McDonald, Nathan Free
edora S1)Otts, Joshua Free and Cot
nelia A. Jacobs, Defendants.
ununons. For Relief. Complaint no
rothe Defendants above named:
YU are hereby summoned and re
1ired to answer the comlazint in thi
ion, which is filed in the office o
e Clerk of the Court of Comnmor
leas, for the saiti County, and t<
rve a copy of your answer to the
d omlaint on the subscribers a1
heir office, Bank 11ange, Winnxsboro
outh Carolina, within twenty day!
ifer the service hereof, exclusive o
hQ day of such service; an~d if yo a
*oanser the comiplaiint within th<
me aforeaid, the plaintiff in this
it ion will apply to the Court for th<
~ief demnnded in the complaint.
May 28th. A. D). 19)02.
A. S. & W. D. D)OUGLASS,
rothe defendant, Joshua Free:
r1ake notice, that the .sumons, o
ich the foregoing is a copy, togethei
thI the complaint herein, were fileN
;nthe ottice of the Clerk of the Cour
)fCommon Pleas for Fairfield County
outh Carolina, on the 31st day c
Jy, A. D. 1002.
A. S. & W. D). DOUGL ASS,
4-3w sPlaintift'% Attorney-s'
The old Board of Supervisorsiof Reg~
tration, consisting of T. .W. Sligh
H.. Neil, and WV. W. Crosby, ha
een reappointed. The Board hold
aregular monthly meetings the firs
Ionday in every month in their ofie
iithe Court House.
T. WV. SLIGH,
Cron. lmd Suerorsm nReirat~on
AN INQIAN TER.
et, ich line
iph to Texas
ei er reach
I. BAIR, T. P. A., ATUNTA, GA
LW. LaJEP. & T.L., ST.1iKM.
Lawn Swiags and Settees. Hammock
Chilrm, Camp Cbairs and Stools,
froning Tables, Wash Beuches,- Etc.
Agents easily ma.e
$5 TO S10 PEW DAY.
WiTl furi-sh samples at re
duced prices to those desirin~
No Flies A
the room where our Wire
Screen Doors and Windows
are used. They contbite
richly to the pleasure of life
during the long, hot, summer
days. They are no longer
mere luxury, but gn aine
necessity within the. reacli
I every one.
Iand porcelain hoI4
I$1.50, and $2.00.
at 50c., 60c., and 65c. each.
Blay now and get rid of the
flies and insects.
J. W. SEIG-LER.
I have io or 12 real nice
Horses that I will sell cheap
or will trade them for thin ;
mutes. If you need a horse
come to see meand I will let
you have one that will give
you satisf action.
I have four very fine Micch
tCows that I will sell ortrde
them for dry cattle,
A. Wilford. A,
of th busines
Here you'll find all about how to'do
it, and why you do it that way..
These courses are comnplete and ElI
give the studenit characte r in bla work..
Write for catalogue. Address,
Cove COuercial Schoel,