Newspaper Page Text
How to Becoi
By 'Rev. Thomas B. Gr
N answer to the questio
I good general conversat
Of course, convers
diplomats, differ in abi
tallk only fairly well, ar
I do not mean th
ridge, a Crabb Robinso:
art of expression, but I firmly believe
t:e ability to converse in a way the
But it is well, on the start, to b<
cannot get blood, out of a turnip."
In order to converse one must
talk that is all talk is not conversal
The grand prerequisite, then, to
Before one can talk about things one
being present, the expression of it i
Haviag your facts clearly outI
difficulty in .ftting them fcrth provi
the business in hand.
Of course, conversation implies
longer cr shorter series of question
* conversation mu.. of necessity be a
Inattention means irrelevant tal
To the person who would become a
knowledge can come amiss-the mo:
edge, the better.
If you know nothing about art.,
or the musician? If you know not]
with the farmer? If you know roth
politician? If you are igno "art of
can you converse with the statesma'z
The question is sometimes raisec
oughly or many things only in part?
as * - ?'t all thinc--or, at
"A little earning" may be "a dang
young man and woman should nut
arr o many lines of bun
fo&low them all to thg end, but akong
way, 'leaning something w ich shal
" - - -ti tionalist, but as a contestan: for
Yam ato Dan
What It Is and Where It
HIS ancestor-worship of
great essential fact of
j fun of it," says one of
ophy of our patriotis
Hearn wrote- "It is
of the emotions of th
ional life and shapes
it. Loyalty is based upon it. The
rades through the battle. deliberate,
will and hears the approval of invis
This is Ya,nato Damashii (the
opment in the lives of the military
code of precepts formed the Bushie
Since the 'oeginning 'f the present
-of the remarkable Japanese success<
shown to be "the spirit that quickenm
Yalu, in Kore" and Manchuria," *t>
wonderful, lo?g-sustained attack -or
There is a widespread notion ti
-cause when they join the colors in
? etermined to die). 'But only in a
ists. They count. their lives as for
each man is quite willing -o die, at
Xis life, if necessary, for the succes
only as a victor- Better far that b
he should return to his home defeal
This is the real meaning of kesshit
any event to throw his life away. bi
accomplished by his effort he will
succeed or die. The code of the se
the Individual," and "the latter belt
-- thereof. he must live and die fori
K uthority."-The Century.
On the Trained Skill r
By R. I
HILE It it true that the
Wskill and ability to I
force of nature he
ingenuity has given
_______ mechanism the forces
- abling it to come and -
enough under the keel
and the domination over its mighty
who goes down to it. The same
brain, the same skill in reading cm:
ness under all conditions of wind
so conspicuously marked the achiev
the past must today meet tests of:
as ever before..
Quick, ready and resourceful a
handed, curve-fingered hauler of sI
equally adroit. expert and efficient,
cation and training, such as his forel
in the person of the blue-acker-se
we live. While on almost any of thi
survivors of the old navy-some le'
some hard-fisted, sea-worn chief qu;
or carpente'r's mate. for, anomalous
mates stil have their hands full of
the ye-.ath of the great mass of the
tor; and while some of the disadv:
vo.mg man-of-war's-man, take him 1
tae conditions of naval life of the
* Japs in Texas.
* As th~e result of an investigatic
just completed by County Attornf
J ~ohn T. Wheeler, it 1-vould appear th:
the Japanese prowess in the art
war is not to be exceeded by the
('rafty practices in peaceful pursuit
Some two months ago it occurred
the County Attorney that the Jap
nese colonies in Harris and GalvestC
Counties were very probably in viol
tion of the Texas alien land lawv nr
-he uroceeded at once to look into 11
matter. As a r'esoit of the investig
lions he has given out the followin.s
"The JTans in Kar'is andI Galvest<
Counties areo not viol' tors of tI
Texas alien inad l\v- The Tfox:
*alien land law is silent on the que
lion of leases, so the Jans have n
hought. because the.t would he a -1
lation, bi't have taken long ter
leases on the land occupied. Th<
took no chance. The question now
be determined is -Are they bona fit
farmers, alien laborer's i'nder co
tract, or men who, having no chan'
in a crowded land. have come here
suck a living fr.em the soil andr
lurn home .when they have saved
Superintendent 31axwvell will ask t1
New York board of education at i
-i.ext meeting to adopt a plan for E
ing tenement distr:2 s:hoci child:-en
zaidday meal. If ti.e plan should
t.depted and the lunc heon a-ct shot:
cost six cents each. it would ceat t:
city $6,S04.000' a year.
Signor Garcia M1eron. the Argentil
inister a:- Washington. has publish
k under the title "Economical ar
ustrial Notes About the Unitt
s." It is a study about the ec
cal and commercial situation
inited States and its commerc1
a, "Is it possiblc, by study, to become a
ihalist?" I would answer-Yes.
itionalists, like artists, poets, oratcrs and
ity. There are men and women who can
d others yet who can talk amazingly well.
.t any one can become a Goethe, a Cole
a, a Carlyle, or a De Quincey in the divine
that any person of good sense can acquire
Lt shall be respectable.
ar in mind the good old saying that "You
have sometaing to converse about. The
.ion. It is mere twaddle, as insipid as it
the good conversationalist is knowledge.
must knew about them. But, the knowledge
ned in the mind, you ought to find no
led yo: keep cool and attend strictly td
a party of two, or more, and means a
s and answers; hence rae parties to the
ttentive to each -cther's remarks.
t-and irre'-vant talk is not conversation.
good general conversationalist." ne sort of
. knowledge, and the more varied knowl
'how can you convers^ with the painter
iing about agriculture. how can ycu talk
ing of pcliLics, how can you talk with the
onstltutions, governments and Laws, how
"Which is better, to know one thing t'or
The answer is: Strive to know as much
any rate, about several things.
erous thing," but it is a danger that every
>e afraid of.
ian i:aought these day; it is impossible to
them all you can go at least a part of the
I be of use to ycu. not only as a conver
he prizes of life.-New York American.
.Finds Its Highest Develop
the Japanese is no superstition; it is the
their lives. "Western people easily mt:
their writers, "but therein lies the philos
-a." It was of this feeling that Lafcadio
probably the most profound and powerful
race-that -which especially directs nat
iational character. Patriotism belongs tc
soldier who, to make a path for his com
y flings away his life * * * obeys the
oul of Japan). It found its highest devel
knights. the samural of feudal days, whose
0, so elevr1y expounded by Dr. Nitro)e.
war there have been many exlanations
s. But more than ever before it has been
th" which has "won the battles on the
e spirit that quickeneth" which made the
the s iperbly defended fortr'ss of Port
at the Japanese soldiers are fatalists, be
war-times they call themselves kesshitat
restricted sense can they be called fatal
Feit, it is true, but only in the sense that
Ad expects, when his crisis comes, to give
> of his task. He hopes to come back, but
is bones bleach in a foreign land than that
e d or with his work unaccomplished.
al. It is not that the soldier is bound at
t that in any event where success may be
win even at the cost of his life-he will
murai "conceived the state as antedating
g born into the former as part and parcel
t, or for the ]egitimate incumbent of its
and the Sea.
f the Seaman Depends the
h of Victory.
mariner is no longer dependent upon his
andle and move his ship by means of a
cannot control, and though humar
him a machine combining in its
of the air, the fire and the lightning, en
;o by day gr night wherever there Is water
to float it. the sea ever remains the same.
power will always be the problem of him
toutness of heart, the same quickness ol
rent and tide, the same resourceful readi
d wave, fog, storm, or battle, thit have
ements of the American naval seaman of
seamanhip as rigid in their requirements
s was the nimble topman and the tarry
teet and bowline, another "handy man,"
but with complicated duties requiring 'edu
ath ers never dreamed of, succeeds thefr
aman and artificer-of the times in which
e big ships may still be found some sturdy
tel-headed, oaken-hearted master at arrns:
rtermaster; some canny, handy gunner's
;as it may seem, the. carpenter and his
work even on the newest of steel ships
crews is apparent even to the casual '.isi
mtages of youth may l)e evident in ouri
y and large, he is an excellent product of
present day.-Century Magazine.
stake?' The alien who buys land and
remains upon it may some day be
come a citizen, but the leasing of
land and the retention of fealty to a
tforeign power clearly indicates that
rthe lessee desires every. advantage en
joyed by our citizens without shoul
dering the full responsibilities of
American citizenship. Later on I may
he able to answve- s)e o,lestion I have
ust asked and the press will be wel
e(mue to a full report cf my investi
~ations on the .lp frrm cutestion."
Widtows in Ko:rea never' remarry. no
ratter 'ow yon they may be. Even
hlough they h:d been married only a
onth. they may not take a second
The Liberty Bell pays the penalty
of greatness by being hauled about.
over the countrty for the edification of
eChicago automnobiles who allow oil
oto dirop from their ('ars on the asphalt
e. pavements ar'e liable to a fine of n-om
a $25 t o $250.
e The Rateliff-Rotherhithe tunnel now
.,being built under the Thames will take
''fve years to ecnrstriut. Its length will
Sbe L.SS3 feet, with an external diameter
a of sixteen feet andi two footways four
'e eet eight and one-half ines wide.
iWhen it is fr.is>el there wi!l be three
e ttn.els~ under the Thamnes at London.
Beiritum. whe:e out:!e libraries are
1e almost unknown., enjoy.s : 0.000 public
?d houses. That m'eans one public house
dl for thirty-six inhabitants, or one pub
d lie house for twelve muen above 17 years
)- of age. During the last fifty years the
af population has increased 50 per cent;
",the number of public houses 258 per
REPORT IS UPHEL
(Government Officials Claim Accuracy
Fcr Cotton Figures
BURIESON SIDES WITH BUREAU
Director North Sets Forth His Pcsi'
tion in a Letter to the Texas Mem
ber of Congress at Whose Instance
the Provision Was Insterted in the
Census Act Says the Bureau Can
not Compete With the Proposed
Ginners Association and That Spec
ulators' High Estimate Would Again
Prevail-Mr. Burleson Expresses
His and Senator Baileys Con..r
Washington, Special.-Director of
the Census North. in a letter to Repre
sentative Burlesan, maue public, takes
notice of the situation presented by the
cotton statistics given out for publica
tion Thursday and expresses his sur
prise and concern at the recent alleged
movement in the Southern States "ap
parently approved and augmented by
the cotton growers themselves." to de
stroy the census reports by concerted
refusal of the ginners to make returns.
Director North asserts that a continu
ance of the cotton ginning reports is
impossible without the systematic and
whole-hearted cc-operation of the gin
ners of the South. Immediately after
the receipt of the letter. Mr. Burlescn.
a member of the House census commit
tee, and the author of the provision
making appropriation for the gathering
of cotton statistics, gave out an intei
view in which he upholds the director
In the work now being done by his
bureau. The letter is as follows:
"Washington, Dec. 1904.
"Hon. Albert S. Burleson, House of
"My Dear Sir: It seems proper to
invite your attention to certain anom
alous conditions which confront the
Census Office in carrying out the pro
visions of section 9 of the act to es
tablish a permanent Census Office, di
recting the periodical collection of the
statistics of cotton procuction through
the agency of the ginners. This pro
vision was inserted in the law at your
urgent request and that of other
Southern Representatives on the plea
that it was necessary for the protec
tion of the cotton producers against
the speculators and others interested
in depressing the price of the staple
for their own profit. It was stated
that enormous losses resulted from the
untrustworthy estimates put forth
every year by speculators and agents
of the Liverpool market and that early
and trustworthy official information
regarding the size of the crop would
protect the grower. disarm the specu
lator and market manipulator. and per
mit the law of supply and demand to
regulate the nrice.
"Since the law was passed, Congress
has appropriated and this office has
disbursed more than $125,000 a year in
the collection and dissemination of
this information. The system has been
gradually perfected until it has be
come mc.re nearly perfect than any
similar plan for obtaining exact
knowledge of the size of any agricul
tural crop during the progress of har
"No complaint has been made that
the census rcports arc not accurate:
indeed, for a year or two past, we have
been able to trace the crop so closely
that practically every bale has been
"The statistics increase in value ev
cry year: for it becomes possible, hy
comparison of the statistics of one year
with t.hose of tho same date in pro
ceedng years. to judge the size of
successive crops with an accuracy
never before known or approximated.
"The ginning reports of the Census
Office have crowded out the speculan
tive and interested estimates referred
to. and the single oh.icct which the
Southern Representatives had in view
in urging this legislation has been
GINNERS' MOVE DEPRECATED).
"In view of these facts. T have bh:n
surprised and conserned at the pres
eat movement in the Southern Slates.
which is apparently approved and aug
mented by the cotton growers them
selves, to destroy the census reports.
by the concerted refusal of the gin
n ers o ak th retuirns upon which
ment has not seriously affevtedl our
wor.k. but if it continues and spreads.
it will necessarily destroy its value
(uring the coming year. It appe:ars to
have been suddenly discovered that
these reports. undertakecn solely at tihe
demand of' the cotton grower. are
hizhly det:-inental to his interests. Mr.
E. F. Webber. president of the Mem
phis cot ton exchan.m. is quo ed as de
claring that 'the cotton interests of
the South have everythking to lose and
nothing to gain by thiuir contI inutan;e:
they put the mnanuifaoluring interecs
in possession of informuationh that is
"My teninhas been call'd in the
so-called 'Nat ional Cot ton Gin ners'
Association; the prurpr::e of whiebh is
stated to he 'to gathecr eccurate and
eliable informat iou reg:arding the
aount of cotton produced, in ad vaux
c fthne gov cronent re'po: t. 'It also a0
pears th'at 'this information isto be
sert inl co an itd the muemhcrs or the
asoction vill he sw.orn not to di
vulI ee it 'The !iflotion 's st.ill
hghy esirabhle. but1 po;ssession of it
is to) be restrictd ti Io those whoi grow
and -'in thP cottonl.
New Burieau Cief
XX bingtor,. .Special. -- Preshnt
Rosvelt ha 'appoin ted J1. IIlmpItn
Moore, of Philadeclphia, chief of thec
Bueau of :Manufact urers of the De
patment of Commnerce and Lahor. Mr.
Moore is president of the National
League of Republican Clubs and was
formeri-: ety treasurer of Philade'!phi.t.
He has acerpted t'le O1ppoint ::nd
w ill enter upon the~ dlchlIrge of his d1u
ties about the firs of the year.
Cornell Experirment Stationl.
Cornell University experiment sta
tien has issued two important bulle
tis5 on grape pests. which have hcen
received by vineyardiists in Chautua
qua County grape distri(t. One is by
Prof. Mark Vernon Slin;griand and
treats of grape be:!"y m.ith. while the
other. by Prof. Frei JIohnson. discusses
the grape root worm and the grape
blossom bud gnat. The last named
is a new enemy of grapes and was dis
covered by Prof. Johnston last year'.
For three years these two mecn have
been studying grape pests in Chatutau
IN SOUTII CAROLINA
Many Newsy Items Gathered Frcrr
General Cotton Market.
Galveston, steady ..................6%
New Orleans, easy .................6%
Mobile, firm ......................6%
Savannah, quiet ...................6%,4
Charleston, quiet ..................6%1
Baltimore, nominal ..........-...0. 03
New York, quiet ..................6.85
Boston, quiet .....................6.85
Philadelphia, quiet .............7.10
Charlotte Cotton Market.
These figures represent prices paid to
Tinges ................. ....6% to 7
Stains ...... ............6,a to 6 7-1G
City School Superintendents.
Columbia, Special:-The second and
last session of the Association of the
City School Superintendents was held
in the parlors of Hotel Jerome Wed
nesday morning and the reading of
papers and their discussions was re
=umed at 9:30.
The first topic considered was "Com
pulsory Education." The discussion
was opened by Mr. T. C. Walton of
I Anderson, who made an earnest plea
for compulsory education.
Interesting discussi,r followed, the
sentiment being in favor of compul
Mr. Nathan Toms of Darlington then
read a thoughtful paper on "High
School and College Coordination."
The discussion that followed this
paper brought out many valuable sug
gestions with reference to this great
and important question.
"The Necessity of Drill Work in
Latin," was the next subject on the
programme. The discussion was
opened by Mr. A. R. Banks of Lan
caster, who argued forcibly in favor o'
Latin in the High school and of thor
ough drill work in this subject.
"Religious Instructions in Publi:
Schools," was the next subject on the
programmem and was opened by M:.
E. S. Dreher in a timely discussion.
A great deal of interest was mar.
fested in statistics prepared by Dr.
Drher to show the sad fact that te
children of the secular schools are rot
familiar with the Bible.
Twenty questions were submitted to
one section of the eighth grade of :he
Columbia High school, consisting of 23
girls and 17 boys. The results mere
such as make manifest the need of a
more definite and comprehensive study
of the Sacred Scriptures. The answers
given In many instances were startling
and pathetic on account of their ab
surdity. The answers were all marked
and graded; the average for the class
being but little more than 50 per cent.
out of a possible 100. Following are
the questions which the graded school
children found so difficult:
1. Name the mountain on which the
ark rested. .
2. Why were the Egyptians afflicted
3. Name five of the plagies?
4. What was the Passo1er?.
5. State the circumstances under
which the ten commandments were
given to man.
6. How was Jericho captured?
7. How did Absalom meet his death?
8. What remarkable thing happened
at Beishazza's feast?
9. Who wrote most of the Psalais?
10. Who wrote the Book of Pro
11. Who went to heaven without dy
12. Name the last Book of the Old
13. Is the Book ol Hebrews in t.he
Old or the New Testauient?
14. Name five miracles recorded in
15. Five in 'the New Testament.
16. What was H-erod's greatest
17. How was Saul of Tarsus con
18. Who presided at the trial of
19. What was the transflguration?
20. Have you read through the New
The Rev. William F. Manning. vicar
of St. Anne's Chureh, Trinity Parish,
New York City, has been elected Bish
op of the new Prctestant Episcopal
Diocese of Harrisburg. Pa. He is forty
years of age, is a native of England, a
graduate of the Uhiversity of the
south, Sewanee, Tenn.. and was form
erly in charge of a Church in Nash
Tragedy at Cheraw.
Cheraw. Spv~ial.-Cheraw had a fa
tal accidlent as its quota of Christmas
esualties. Saturday night a number
of persons were in the st.ore of Mont
gomery & Croxion. i party was stand
ing in the rear of the store discussing
the danger of pistol carrying. Mr. L.
B3.. Croxton la. a spirit of levity, it is
sm, to sca;e the crowd. p)ointed his
pistol behind him and fired. A negro
man named iBen Perry, who was sit
ting on a sa h ack of the group and
who had no: been noticed, began to
cm'plain. n examination it wvas
ound that I: 3was shot through the
Etonmach. E'. ry attention was given
to h0lim, but het died on Sunday morn
Capt. Franch's Daath Accidental.
Chattane::ga, Tenn.. Special.-An1 in
estigating board of ~the seventh cav
lry appoi:ted by Colenel Pearson
:oncluded t- investigation of the cause
f death (a Capt. Howar-d WV. French,
who wa.s md dead with a bullet
through I heart on Tuesday. While
the boarr ausedi to give out its find
igs until- it is sent to the War Depart
met tis understood tt-at accdental
hilling was the veidiet.
News of the Day.
The Government of Chili projects
the building of a large roling mill. Ad
lress the Ministerio tde iudustrial y
Obas Publicas, Chili.
They say in New York that Russel!
Sage is about the only rich man of that
city who has not in the past month or
so been arrested for overspeeding an
auto or ignoring the traffic regulations.
MIr. Sage comes down-town about three
times a week nowadays. Of late he has
taken to an auto. hut it is not thought
probable that he will be beaten by the
WORK AHEAD OF LAW MAKES
Some Measures That Will Engage the
Attention cf the Lawn-akers.
The most important problems the
new Legislature, which convenes on
Tuesday of this week, will have to
solve will be compulsory education gad
the matter of raising more revente Dy
taxes, though of course the dispensary
situation will bob up in an entirely
new li.ht and about Its head already
the clouds are gathering for a fine old
storm. There are many other matters of
minor importance, but concerning
which there is more or less feeling, and
altogether the session promises to be
an unusually interesting and entertain
ing one. Two-thirds of this Legislature
is entirely new blood, and is therefn-e
largely very fresh from the people. The
unexpected then is to be expected, and
the end of the session may see some
very important and far-reaching chan
ges in the statute law of the State.
This is not what is known as an elec
tion session, but this Legislature will
ncv.rtheless have several important
positions to fill by ballot. A new
Speaker is to be chosen, but so far as
is known Mr. M. L. Smith, of Camden,
has no opposition for re-election to this
position. T. C. Hamer will also be re
elected clerk of the House without op
position, it is thought. Mr. R. R.
Hemphill will be opposed for clerk of
the Senate by Dr. T. T. Sturkle, of
Orangeburg. A new superintendent of
the penitentiary is to be elected. D. J.
Griffin will likely be re-elected without
opposition, though it has been suggest
ed that he will be opposed by Dr. Eu
gene Jarnigan, of Marion. Two new
judges are to be elected by this legis
lature, the terms of Judge D. A. Town
send, of the seventh circuit, and Judge
Earnst Gary of the fifth circuit, expir
ing this year. Both will be candidates
for re-election. Judge Townsend will
have rivals in the persons of Senater D.
E. Hydrick, of, Spartanburg, and Sena
tor F. P. McGowan, of Laurens. Judge
Gary's opponents will be Senator Hay,
of Kershaw, and J. W. Vere, of Edge
field. Several college trustees and mern
bers of the penitentiary board are to
A strong sentiment in favor of com
pulsory education as a complement to
the child labor law has been rapidly
crystalizing throughout the State the
past several months. The State press
generally has expressed itself in favor
of such a law, and that those who are
the closest to the school problem want
it is shown by the resolution recently
adopted here by the joint association
of county and city school superintend
ents. Governor Heyward, who has zeal
ously interested himself in the educa
tional problems of the State, favors a
compulsory education law.
Some effort may be made to carry out
State Superintendent of Education Mar
tin's recommendation to bring the
Citidel here and combine it with the
South Carolina College as a basis of a
State university, but it is not thought
that this scheme has much chance of
success. Though the South Carolina
College will likely be started out on a
university career, by the Legislature
granting the trustees' recent request for
an additional appropriation of $10,000
for that purpose.
AS TO TAXES.
The State is face to face with a se
rious probblem with regard to taxes.
Nearly a million and a quarter is re
quired to meet the present needs of the
State government, but though there is
now about $204,000,000 worth of prop
rty on the books, a five mills levy does
not seem to be sufficient. The State is
running behind, the great bulk of the
taxes nit being collectible until the
spring. The State has so far borrowed
$500,000, and there will have to be
greater revenue by about $200,000 if the
State is to have any hope of getting
back to cash basis. The quadrenniel
assessment of real estate will be made
next year, and if this class of prop
erty can be gotten on a more equitable
basis there is some hope of getting all
the additional revenue from this
source. In this connection an effort
will be made to get a law passed re
quiring market value returns instead of
returns on a 60 per cent. basis. By the
present valuation there Is in round
numbers $100,000,000 worth of this
class of property in the State. Of course
it is argued that a market value return
of this property would be unjust be
cause of the ease with which personal
property dodges the tax collector, and
the fact that the constitution fixes 3
mills as a levy for school purposes is
also used against the advocates of a
greater valuation of real estate. But
it is pointed out that the greater valua
tion will provide enough additional
school money to allow the doing away
with the special school levies, which
prevail in almost every school district
and that after all the real estate owners
will pay out no more than they are now
paying to maintain the schools.
What will be done with the dispensa~
ry is altogether problematical. The feel
ing is growing steadily stronger that
the system in its present condition Is
a menace to good and honest govern
met and has a corrupting influence
on politics in all departments of the
State government, but not only does
the constitution forbid a return to the
ld)ar system. b)ut there is no general
desire to go back to this. the prohibi
tion sentiment having steadily gained
ground. In case the present dispensary
system is wiped out It is difficult to
predict whether local option-each
county controlling its own whiskey
traffic under dispensary regulations
or high license, with dispensary regu
lations. would take its place. Another
change that is possible is the passage
of the orIginal Brice bill, which allows
a county to vote out its dispensary
without tax to maintain prohibition
and without forefeiting Its share in the
gneral dispensary school fund. When
Chroee county voted cut its dispe'a
saries by such a decisive majority there
was trembling among the dispensarv
ioherts, but the predictions that other
counties would be quick to follow Suit
seem .to have come from false prophets
The State board has indicated a wil
lingness to allow a community to do
away with its dispensary, but this mat
ter is tied up In an injunction and the
decision week after next may deny the
State board's authority to do such a
thing. The suggestion from Senator
Timan is that the sale of whiskey be
farmed out to some responsible con
cern, but this Is not likely to prove
Homicide Near Greenville.
Greenville. S. C.. Special.-Saml
Maddox was shot and instantly killed
on a farm near here by J1. B. Waldrop
Both men seem to have leased thE
same farm. an-I v;hen Maddox weni
to take possession he found Waldroj
there. The men were V. eli known and
industrious white farmers. Waldrol
surrendered to the sheriff.
Some sensitive souls feel they cannot
enjoy theit Christmas dinner until they
have given some poor soul a suit of
.wormnou snmmer underwear
HAS ALMOST FALLEN
Port Arthur has Reached tihe Point Gf
PROPOSITION IS MADE TO NOGI
Japanese Commander Receives a Let
ter From General Stoessel Relating
to the Surrender of the Besieged
City and Fortress Original Garri
son of 40,000 Men Now Reduced to
$15,000-Capture of 203-Metre Hill
Was the Beginning of the End.
Tokio, By Cable.-Great Nogi reports
that he has received a letter from Gen
eral Stoessel relating to the surrender
of Port Arthur.
The news that the Russian forces al
Port Arthur have been reduced to such
a strait that at last the heroic com
mander has been forced to proposc
surrender follows upon a month of re
verses. The siege began almost wit!
the firing of the first gun in the war
now nearly 11 months ago, and whe:
perhaps the greatest stronghold in the
world was garrisoned by 40,000 Russiat
soldiers, supported by a formidablh
squadron of modern battleships. cruis
ers and torpedo boats. These war
ships have been destroyed or dispersei
until but a few torpedo boats remaih
In the harbor. The garrison at lates1
accounts, had been reduceed to aboul
15,000 men. On December 4, High (203
Metre) Hill, was captured by the Jap.
anese. On December 19, the Eas
Keekwan fort was taken by them an(
the Rihlung fort fell on December 29
From the hour of the fall'of East Keek
wan events seem to be hastening to
ward the culmination for on Decembei
31, Sungshu Mountain fell into tht
hands of the besiegers and only a fey
hours later the "H" fort, anothei
strong position was captured.
The report that the non-combatant
of Port Arthur had been accorded asy
lum behind Liao Tie Mountain ma
have been an indication that the Jap
anese commander foresaw that the sur
render of the Russians within a ver!
brief time was assured,
Think Fortress' Fall Near.
Tokio. By Cable.--Follov-ir:. th,
dramatic capture of Sungshu Mour
tain Saturday morning, the Japanes
Sunday captured "H" fort and a receni
ly constructed fort on Pan Lung Mour
tain, which gives them possession o
the entire lline betweet Rihlung Mont
tain and "H" fort by way of Pan Lun;
Mountain. Simpultaneously, the ea
treme Japanese right, pressing sout]
along Pigeon Bay, captured the height
south of Housanyentao.
A telegram received late Sunda:
from the beseiging army says: "Par
of the center, dislodging the enem:
occupied 'H' fort at 7 o'clock thi
morning and also captured a new for
on Pan Lung Mountain. Thus the lin
between Rihlung MountaIn and '11
fort via Pan Lung Mountain fell firn
ly into our hands.
"Part of our right, which commences
a bombardment at 8 o'clock this mort
ing andi dislodged the enemy, who r<
sisted stubbornly, firmly occupied
height south of Holbsanyentao at
News of th'e continuance of Japs
nese successes at Port Arthur is r4
ceived with elation in Tokio. It i
known that the Japanese losses wer
comparatively light, it is believed her
that the RussIan garrison Is finall;
reaching its limits of strength, ehdu
ance and numbers.
The Emperor and Emperess held
brilliant New Year's ceremony at th
palace Sunday. From early in th
morning they received in audienc
Japanese statesmen and peers an,
na'val and military officers, who ol
fered their homages in order of prw
cedence. The more prominent official
received the diplomatic corps at
o'clock, p. m.
Shot Out Boy's Eyes.
Nowport Nows, Special.-Fred West
inglouse, the small boy who was she
yesterday at Oriana by the prematur<
expoion of a gun which was bein,
loaded by a negro, will -lose his eye
sight as a result of the accident. Thb
shot struck him full in the face, de
stroyng both eyes.
IPolice Officer Shot.
Charlotte, Special.-Rural Officer S
E. Cole, or Belmont Park, was kille<
Sunday afternoon at half-past,5 o'cloc1
by a negro, Will Springs. The homicidi
was committed at the railroad crossin,
near Sugar Creek church and withil
200 yards cf Zion negro church. Mr
Coles-son-in-law, Mr. H. B. Nabors,
machinist at Liddell's, was there an
was sirot also. How seriously he wa
wontdedI does not yet appear: it seem
though. that he is not much hurt. Mr
Cole was attempting the arrest or
negrio for the larceny of a bicycle he
lansing to another negro.
Dr. Chadwick Not Arrested.
New York, Specia.-Dr. Leroy
Chadwick. husband of Cassie L. Chat
wick, arrived in this c-ountry Satui
day on the steamship Pretoria. ran th
gautlet of big crowds which had wai
ed for hours to see nim, was haled t
Hoboken poiic-e headquarters and t
the recordler's court, and finally Iel
for Cleveland. not as a prisoner, but a
th~ guest of Sheriff Barry. who ha
come fronm Ohio with a warrant fc
the doctor's arrest which he did nm
Odds and Er.ds.
Thoughtfulness doubles the value<
a gift and often halves its cost.
There is nothing harder on ti
nerves or worse for the clothes tha
p ackng water on both shoulders.
When God has buried your sins it
a sin to dig them up again, even thoug
it be only to show them to your friend
The man who made the biggest fo
Iof himself at election will be the fir
to dnounce the excitement of a r
Two cups of cold chopped meat, one
egg, two cups of rolled crackers, meat
broth to make enough dough soft
enough to mold with the hands (more
than two cups). Bake in -a deep pa1
Use one quart of new milk, one salt
spoonful of salt, one snltspoonful of
powdered cinnamon, one teaspoonful
of granu...ed sugar; scald all together
for an hour in a pitcher set in ;t kettle
of water; then add the well beaten
yolks of two eggs. Good for delicate
persons and children.
BAKED SCA OPS.
Trim the scallops well, after taking
from the shells, thoroughly dry them
and fill each with the scallops, but in
rather small pieces. Over each spriu
kle salt, if needed, few drops of lemon
juice, some chopped parsley, and, -ast
ly, some fine bread cruibs, moistened
with melted butter. The scallops
should bake for aboit twenty. minutes
and be, srved on the shells.
'This pudding varies from the usual
recipe by the addition of rice. Heat -.
four cups of milk to the scalding point,
I stir in one-half cup of corn meal
made smooth in one cup of cold milk.
When this has boiled two minutes add
one-half cup o uncooked rice, one-half
cup of sugar, one-quarter cup of mo
lasses, a level tablespoon of burter
and a teaspoon of ginger or one-third
of a grated nutmeg. Pour into a but- -
tered baking dish and bake in a mod
crate oven three hours. Stir a few f
times from the under side.
SPICE CAKE. -
Beat the yolks of two eggs, then add
one-half cup of soft or light brown sm
gar and beat again.' Add the juice of
half a lemon and part of the yellow,
rind grated. Cream half.a cup- of but
ter, add one-half cup more of sugar and
mix with, the beaten egg and sugar.
Add one-half cup of molasses, one-half
cup of sour milk and two cups of Siopr
sitted with a pinch of salt, a level tea ..
spoon of soda, a level teaspoon of cin
namon, three-quarters level teaspoon
cloves and a saltspoon of grated nut
imeg. Beat well, then add one cup of
seeded raisins rolled in Sour and a
saltspoon of chopped citron. Bake in
a slow oven.
ABOUT BATH ROOMS.
It is amazing how the average arch
itect avoids planning for more than
one bathroom in the moderate sized
house, says the Northwest Horticul
turist. He might -be a herald of
health and comfort to many a felly.
P He could so easily suggest omitting
the "parlor' and putting in three or
four bath rooms instead. And every "
family who could be persuaded to
this would sooner or later rise up andi
call him blessed.
Of vital things in the house few are
so vital as sufficient bath rooms.Jut
one or two bathrooms are 6
ficient for all but the rich, while many
very ordinary Jhomes have two pairlors
and a living room or library. Surely,
extra bath' rooms might take the pice
of the former by substituting a very~
small reception room. -
sThis is chiefly' due to the frightful'
conventionalism of womankind.
"Whatever Is must be," now and for
ever more, is the ideal of the average
home maker, and the architect must
live down to the level of his client i' he
live at all
Never put fruit stained table linen
Into hot s9apsuds, because it will set
Fine table Ujnen should be changid
freqjuently, so that it will not require -
tard rubbing, as that wears it. out
more quickly than.anything else.
;If you wish to' avoid streaks wnren
washing nicely painted floors, begin
at the' bottom and wash all the way to
the top of the door. While the paittll
is all wet begin at the top, wash down
ward and wipe dry at you go. Streaks
are caused by soapy or dirty ,water
running down over the dry paint.
Willow and rattan furnIture may be
renewed in appearance by washing
with a stiff brush in warm water and
white soap; then, when the article is -
still wet, put It in a box which can be
closed tightly .and place a small quan
-tity of burning sulphur around th.e bot
tomi of the bor. Allow it to remain
one-half or three-qtarters of an hour.
IWhy 'not keep up writing desk sup
plies just as conscientiously as those
for the pantry? Few households
would get alonig a week .without sn
gar, salt or soap, yet how many letters
are unanswered for the lack of a good
pen,~ a stamp, or an envelope. It is
not the expense, but lack of thought
that keeps an insufficient or meagre
supply of the necessary articles on
-Pumpkins and -squashes will gener- '
--ally keep better in a garret when the
temperature is above freezing than in -
the cellar, where it is very apt to be
tAlways keep cheese well covered in
a achieese. dish or it will become dry
darid tasteless. If the cheese is wrapped
Iin ai cloth saturated with vinegar it
twill keep beautifully moist and'retain
its flavor longer.
New Fad in Letter Writing.
The latest fad among women who .
vary their forms of letter writing every
little while is to use Roman numerals
e.for dates. It is a puzzling proceeding,
fltoo, for to see a note of November 11,
for example, dated XI., XI., MCMIV.,
is quite as confusing as is the illegible
e rawls of the average fashionable wo
mans handwriting.-New York Press. -
~The largest continuous stairway in
It the wvorld Is that whieh leads to the
tower of the Philadelphia City Hall.
Ithas 59SstensL .