Newspaper Page Text
Try to Look at A
of the Artist W)
By Charles H. Gaffin.
HE first necessity f:
to see it through ti
is not a usual met]
their own eyes. az:c
TlH irst aecsual met
does or does not s
will tell you: "Oh, I
I know what I like
I don't like it right
Such an attitude of mind cuts a
It is as much as to say: "I am very
ferent to the experiences and feelinc
lng and experience of another man
a moment you will understand why.
from it the painter selects his su: j
would be impossible for him to do
resent, for example, each blade of g
does is to represent the subject as L
interest; and if twelve artists painte
twelve different pictures. differing a
had been impressed by the scene; i
view or separate way of seeing it, ii
feeling.-St. .' ^holas.
By the Editor of I
LIP on sn overoost
SGrab a place at .tb
your feet to keep Gaaplcat
wind. Shout enoc
work o the gridirtc
to enter into the -;
tator.. Then you v
which tetball -ass.
out of every fifty students.
'This is not a fact against footht
as :an institution.
;Football as a game was based"
stttution is based on the destre !to w
professionals on college teams. It i
lege teams in what President Faunc
calls "systematic prevarication" swi
!It is the desire to win that -caus
ass through the preparatory schoo
scene of their future studies ;for :rea
4evelopment. Finally, it .s the cdesi
sively to the few men la'ech'eollegg
wants -to play football unless -he is'o
the men who can make those teamE
., men in the college community.
The desire to win is absolutely
or .to have sport. It brlngs .into thi
worIdly maxim that nothigsuaceed
what's the use?
:Foot ball is, on the whole,:a-sole
a -game, a'game for the a,ierage stu
the .afternoon for the sake (of iplayin
By Francis W. Par1er..
HE American who.d
being used to creat
and who declares t
tem, may be astoni
velopment ,of Briti
Seeking 'to ;leai
Great Britain, the
Mr. Arthur Kay, a
Federation. When asked, "LQo 'you1
tramns?" .he answered, "Certainly. 'E
ways has been highly profitable -ani
is gorrect, and nobody opposes it."
"But you think the tramns should
"Not at all. They should .be .rut
smfk in betterments or reduction sof<
"But this is socialismr'
'Well, they call it socis3ism--n
- .:&nd this from the gentleman wh
mmiicipalization! In Great Britai
uwnershitp.as such, but only to its e
F a person records
nounced by himsell
causes the macbin<
period, it generail
friends' voices, bu
prov es that every
As :is remnarket
lie in the quality of tone. It must
voice not only through the air, as d
situated between the organs of spee
produced2 has a .different timbre fr<
We may show this as fo4lows: T
teeth and pronounce a vowel contin
taken between the teeth andilraised
stops his ears. The latter wilifindth:
the sound becomes stranger than w]
and has a different quality. Thje-expe
rod to the Larynx of the person obs
to the observ~er's own larynx. As in
Its passage through a soCid body aug
fies its quality.
News of the Day.
The ministere des finances at Athen1
Greece, will receive proposals for ful
nishing a yearly supply of cigarette p:
per to the Government monopoly at
Physicians live longer than othe(
professional men, their average leasec
life being over 60. Only 7 per cent di
of tuberc'ulosis. which shows that the
guard carefully against infecticn. Ove
40 per cent die of nervous breakdow:
ng of a Picture
t Through the Eyes
!o Painted It ... .
>r the proper seeing of a picture is to try
ie eyes of the artist who painted it. This
iod. Generally people look only through
I like or dislike a picture according as it
uit their particular fancy. These people
[ don't know anything about painting, but
" which is their right way of saying: "If
off,I don't care to be bothered- to like it
ne off from growth and development, for
well satisfied with myself and quite indif
,s of other men." Yet it is just this feel
which a picture gives us. If you consider
The world itself is a vast panorama, and
iect-not the copy of it exactly, since it
his, even if he tried. How could he rep
rass, each leaf upon a tree? So what he
e sees it, as it appeals to his sympathy or
i the same landscape the result would be
ccording to the way in which each man
a fact, according to his separate point of
fluenced by his individual experience and
for Success a
the CVicago Tribune.
. Wrap ia mnffler around your throat.
a:rope 'along the side of the field. Stamn
.hem warm. Light your cigarette for dis
Sneeze. Turn edgeways to the sharp
iragement 'to the men who an doing the
n. Catch pneumonia. But be careful not
ort-on your own account. Remain a .epec
'ill be:a perfect Illustration of the way in
sts the physical development of fortyinne
ll.as:a game. It is a fact against football
n sport and exercise. Football as an i'n
Ln. It was the desire to win that first put
the desire to win that still involves 'col
of Brown University in the World Today
th .regard to the qualifcations. of .their
es colleges and universities to send -drum
is :to induce ybung athletes to choose the
sons entirely apart from mental or social
re (to win that surrenders foot ball -excln
a who stand a chance of winning. No one
a. the main team or the scrub team. And
are already the strongest and he:lthiest
-distinct from the desire to take exercise
domain of sport and exercise the :alien
s like success. , If success is not reached,
adid game. All that it needs is to be kept
lent, played by him for an hour or two .in
reads municipal ownership for fear -of its
3 political machinery and rob- the public,
hat we must first establish the me.rit sys
shed when h'e learns the extent of the -de
sh municipal trading under these condi
n -"the other side" of municipalization in
investigator is at every turn referred to
distinguished citizen of Gl-asgow the head
Arthur.& Company, as the arch enemy of
f the Citizens' Union and the Taxpayers'
hink Glasgow should own and opera.te its
rhe -owning and operating of these tram
thoroughly satisfactory, and accounting
beoperated for profit in relief of rates?"
'on a low factor' of safety, and profits .be
*was to:have given the final word aganst
t there is .o.pposition, not to -'municipal
cesses-Thz 'World To-Day.
Own Voices i
LLaley. ~ -
on a phonograph :a few sentences pro
C together with others by his friends, and
a to reproduce these :at the end of a brief
y happens that he -easily recognized his
t not his own. On .th.e other hand, the
his voice pert'eetly. This singular fact
one bears his own voice differently from
I by rofessor Exner. the difference must
be remembered that on.e hears his own
o his auditors, but across the solid parts
ci and those of hearing. The sound thus
m that conducted to the ear by the air
ake the end of a wooden red between the
uously. Let the other end he alternately
by another person, who at the same time
it every time he seizes the rod in his teeth,
den it reaches his ear through theair alone.
riment may be varied by applying a wooden
erved, and touching it from time to time
the preceding case, it will be found that
ments the intensity of the sound and mod
- Cur'rent Events.
SN. L. Penn, the last lineal descendaat
of William Penn. is dead at Hartford,
says the Boston Globe. He was once
the leader in the most exclusive cir
eles in Philadelphia. He fell in love
rand married. When a few years later
his wife and her baby died together the
eworld see med to drop out from under
7him and he lost all interest in it. His
r body will be sent to Philadelphia for
I burial. Thus ends the noble line of
S. C. COlEGE CENTENNIAL
Prominent Men of Several States to
Make Addresses-Many Distinguish
ed Men to Take Part in the Celebra
Columbia, Special.-The South Caro
lina College centenial was inaugurated
Sunday under a perfect sky, in ideal
temperature and with a large crowd
Af visitors present among them a num
Der of noted educators from other
States. The exercises were of a re
ligious nature, centering about two ex
.llent sermons, the one in the morn
ing by the Rev. Dr. J. William Flynn,
Af the college faculty, and the one in
the evening by the Rev. Dr. John A.
Rice, an alumnus of the college now
living in Alabama. Both sermons
were delivered in the theatre, which
was crowded to the limit of its capa
city fr,m dome to pit. The noted
First Regiment artillery band is up
from Charleston to furnish the music
for the exercises, which will continue
through Monday and Tuesday.
Among the alumni and other visi
tors who had been assigned to homes
by the bureau of information up to
noon, were the following: David Cut
ting, Sumter; David and Edward Cok
er. Darlington; Chancellor Kirkland,
Vanderbilt University; F. M. Roberts,
McBee; William Cooper, Dr. Hamil
ton Cooper, and A. T. Cooper, J. W.,
E. A., R. C., A. 0. and Dr. Frank F.
Simpson and Dr. M. M. Kinard, New
berry; President Parker, Charleston
Medical College; Prof. Henry Lewis
Smith, Davidson College; Mr. Hender
son, Waterboro; J. B. Cleveland, Spar
tanburg; Chancellor Wiggins, Univer
sity of the South; Miss Fannie Evans,
Spartanburg; Judge W. H. Brawley,
Charleston; Chief Justice Y. J. Pope,
Theo. G. Barker, Charleston; Chancel
lor Fulton, University of Mississippi;
President Walter B. Hill, University of
Georgia; President Brown Ayers, Uni
versity of Tennessee; President An- ]
drew Raymond, Union College; New
York; Maj. Marion Moise and L. C.
Moise. Sumter; J. D., McCants, Sum
ter; Vice Presiident Kirpatrick, Uni
versity of Georgia; Prof. John W.
Abercrombie, University of Alabama;
Dr. J. B. Henneman. University of the
South; John H. Corrigan, Atlanta;
Prof. Frank Carter, 'Willian's Col
lege,' Mass.; Julian Mitchell, Charles
ton; James Simons, Charleston; Mr.
and Mrs. Charles Augustine Smytl e,
Charleston; Prof. Frances P. Venable,
University of North Carolina; Presi
dent E. B. Craighead, Tulane Univer
sity; Dr. E. L. Patton, J. W. H. Har
din, New York; E. H. Anderson, New
York; Dr. W. C. Coker, University
of North Carolina Prof. Jesse, Univer
sity of Missouri; Prof. D. F. Houston,
A. and M. College, Texas; Col. T. J.
and P. V. Moore; President Andrew
Sledd, University of Florida; C. E.
Smith, William F. Smith, A. R. Craig;
James A. McCullough, Greenville; Dr.
J. H. McIntosh, Newberry; Col. As
bury Coward, the Citadel; Dr. Harri
son Randolph, Virginia; Prof s. Shivar
and Beaty, Clemson College; Judge J.
H. Hudson. Bennettsville; W. F. B., E.
'C., J. R. and G. E. Haynsworth, Sum
ter; W. M. Hamer, Dillon; Dr. W. E.
~Pelham, Newberry; Dr. Henry Snyder,
Wofford College; J. A. Rice, Green
wood; Samuel McGowan, Spartanburg;
aj. J. L. Coker, Hartsville; President
Mell, Clemson College; Prof. McLuicas,
-Clemson College; W. A. Barber, New
York; W. W. Ball, Charleston; Dr. B.
A. Elzes; Solomon Kohn, Orangeburg;
'C. G. Sayre, President D. B. John
son, Winthrop College; Prof Murray,
Mercer University; Prof. Cyrus North
rop, University of Minnesota; Capt.
Iredell Jones, Rock Hill; Dr. D. Fer
guon,. Laurens; Capt. J. H. Brooks.
Ninety-Six: Mr. and Mrs. Bufort
Atkinson. John W. and James T., Kin
-ard and E. Marion Rucker, Anderson;
Prof. W. J. Neville, Presbyterian Col
lege at Clinton; Prof. John L. Doug
las, Dr. J. A. B. Scherer, Newberry
College; Miss Mary Leonard. Winthrop
College; Dr. J. H. Thornwell. E. Pres
ton Earle, Fort Mills; R. B. Patterson,
Prof. Charles J. Colcock, Porter Miii
tar- Academy, Charleston.
The programme includes addresses
by the Governor of South Carolina and
other prominent men.
V. E. McBee Made Co-Receiver.
Charleston, S. C., Special-In the
United States Court Judge Brawley
appointed V. E. McBee, co-receiver
with W. 1. Edwards, of the property 1
of the Carolina Northern Railroad of
State of South Carolina. A pre
vious order in the Eastern district of
North Carolina named the same re
eeivers, but the order today gives them
control in this state.
Dwyer Wins Wrestling Match.
Atlanta, Special.-M. J. Dwyer won
two out of three falls from -Charles
oenhardt, of Newark, N. J., in a
wrestling matqh at the Atlantic Ath
letic Club. The first and third falls
won by Dwyer were catch-as-catch-can
the second fall, won by Leonhardt,
Flagship Not Lost.
St. Petersburg, By Cable.-Reports
that Vice Admiral RotJestvensky's flag
hip, the battleship Kniaz Souvaroff, *
has struck a roek and sunk, are un
Secretary Morton Sails.
Washington, Special.-The Dispatch
boat Dolphin sailed from the navy yard 4
with a distinguished party bound for I
Hampton Roads for the purpose of re- I
viewing the vessels of the North Atlan- ,
tic fleet tomorrow, preparatory to their
participation in the naval manoeuvres
in the Carribean sea later in the' win
ter. The party includes Secretary Mor
ton, Adniral Dewey and Captairr Swift,
of the general board, and Lientenant
Com lmanders F. L. Chapin and Spencer -
~~lls,S~'~ There was a
noticeable improvemleni, in the condi-t
tion of Bishop .John L. (pauilding. theC
Roman Catholic prelate who was
stricken with paralysis at his residence
Fridiay afternoonl. He has iregained the(
ise of his left arm and speaks witht
Enore freuom. Tue remainder ot' the
left side of the body. however, he is
s-abe to use at all. Doctors Spauld
n end Slavin speak in a hopeful.tone,
>ut are watchmng thle patient closely
or any .sign of setback.h
lany Newsy items Gathered From
General Cotton Market.
alveston, steady .............7
dew Orleans, firm ............ 7 1-8
fobile, quiet ................ 6 5-8
lavannah, easy ............... 6 ?-4
'harleston, quiet ..........--... 6 3-4
qew York quiet .............. 7 10
-ouston, steady ............. ( 7-8
4ernphis, steady ............... 6 3-4
,ouisville, firm .............. 7 1-2
Charlotte Cotton Market.
These figures represent prices paid
diddling ..............--..... 6 58
Cinges ................. 6 to 6 -
;tains ...............--.. 5 to 5 3-4
Charter Fees For 1904.
The annual report of the Secretary
f State has about been completed and
he figures regarding the fees received
rave been made available. The totals
how that the amount of fees received
or 1904 was slightly under that of
.903, when the total was $18,000, but
his is explained by the fact that the
najority of the companies organized
his year were small ones with capi
al averaging $10,000, while the year
revious there wcre many new cottor
nills and other large corporations
The figures as prepared by Chief
Aierk AIcCown are, as follows:
185 declarations ...........$ 962 o0
18 charters ............... 795 00
101 eleemonsynary charters 303 00
13 notaties public ......... 1,017 25
commissi oners of deeds . 9 75
.ert1ficates ............... 53 50
3harter fees .............. 7,368 20
Foreign corporations .... 400 0(
3ailroad charters and records 276 .0
kmendments .............. 66 50
ncrease of capital ........ 2,976 90
)erease and dissolutions . 20 00
tenewals ................ 384 00
discellaneous ............ 5 00
These figures indicate that there
was a marked advance in the incorpor
Ltion of smaller indu stries of diversi
led interests, for the amount projected
n cotton mills was the smallest in a
Electric Railway For Union.
Union, Special.-Union is to have
L street electric railway system in
he near future, the city council having
granted a very liberal franchise to L.
1. Young and his associates at a
neeting Monday night. The franchise
provides that the work shall begin
n good faith upon the construction of
he track within the town limits on
>r before the first of July, 1906, and
hat the railway shall be completed
and tn operation within six months
:hereafter, unless restrained by in.
mperable obstacles and4 that the fran
hise is granted &clusively to L. G.
Eung and his- associates for the peri
> of fifty years. This electric rail
way will have theright to go through
I the streets aund avenues that are
1ow or may hermifter be opened up
snd will run its Lines to take in the
~xcelsior Knitting Mills on the souta
3rn suburbs and ionarch Cotton Mills
n the eastern.
Sudden Death in Spartanburg.
Spartanburg, Special.--George W.
3hmpbell, aged about 43 years, a white
alumber, died suddenly Wednesday
ight about midnight. From what
ould be gathered of the matter it
seems that Campbell had been drink:
ng. heavily of late, but he did not ap
ear to be drunk. He attended a
meeting of the Plumbers Union at
which he was elected president. Later
n in the night he took a walk. The
ody was carried to the undertakers
stablishment of Floyd & Co., where
he inquest 'was held. The verdict
ias that the deceased. George Camp
e's. death., was due to natural
South Carolina Items.
It is stated on good authority that
he city of Union will some time dur
ng this year have another national
-ank with a capital stock of $100,000.
['he promoters do not want their
Lames mentioned until the plans for
he organization have been fully per
ected. This tvill be the fourth bank
Lt Union, wllich shows that the city
r still rapicly increasing in popula
ion and business.
At a negro festival at Monticello, in
'airfield ccouity, Sam Bell killed Ben
ey and brcke Dave Peay's jawbone.
Vylie Suba was shot in the back by
party unkdown. Dr. Scott does not
hink he will die. Another negro whose
ame is unknown had his skull
The Columbia Trust company Thurs
lay declared a semi-annual dividend
if 5 per cent, on the capitalization of
.00,000. This company is the treas
irer of the street railway company,
tnd Is closely allied with the National
.,oan and iFxhange bank, which has
ust declared a semi-annual dividend
f 3 per cent.
Mr. Boyd Taylor, a young white man
rho lived near Mars Bluff in Florence
ounty, v:-as found dead ini the woods
iear his horne. F?rom what can be
rarned. he went ont in the woods to
taul a load of wood, and not coming
ome, s' nrch was made for him, and
us ox ad cart were found and not
ar frc.o the place his body was found.
tis r.. -,osed he died from natural
auses. Coroner Cooper. accompanied
y Dr. N. W. Hicks, went out to hold
n inquest, but the result of the coro
ers jury has not been learned yet.
In the Circuit Court at Mountain
jity, Tenn.. Finiey Preston was sen
enced to be hanged for the second
ime. He was corvicted of the mur
tr of Lillie Shav, a mulatto, and
'onfessed that he cut her body in
ieces and then atempted to burn it
s case was reversed by the Supreme
ourt and sent bick for trial with
he result that he las again been sen
enced. His attorn?ys will take anoth
Rev. Dr. R!chard T. Wilson. of Rich
nond, sustained a slight stroke of
The cruiser Chaftanooga was given
rpeed trials off Newnort R. L.
SOUT CAROLINA COTTON CROP
Two Hundred Thousand Bales Not
Yet Sold-It Ia Being Held For
Higher Prices, and at Ten Cents a
Pound Would Bring Ten Million
"A. K." in the Charleston, (S. C.)
News and Courier, has this to say of
the cotton crop of South Carolina:
The New Year has dawned with
prosperity and good feeling all over
South Carolina. The cotton situation
is a serious one, but fortunately the
terrible slump came after the State
had gotten fully on its feet in a finan
cial sense, and the bulk of the cotton
now being held is in the hands of those
best able to hold it. A representa
tive of a large cotton buying firm was
sent here from New York about ten
days ago, and he has persistently tried
to buy cotton, but in the ten days he
has not bought over two hundred bales.
This shows that there is no disbosition
to sell and that the holders do not
have to sell.
The next question is: Is the cotton
It certainly is, and It is 'being held
for better prices, and those who hold
it are not going to sell at present
prices, simply because they do not
A close observer from Orangeburg
County, the banner cotton county of
this State, and the second largest cot
ton producing county in the country,
according to the census, has about 20,
000 bales on hand in the possession of
the original producers. It is estimated
that Orangeburg County raised this
year 88,000 bales of cotton, and of this
amount it Is stated that 5,000 bales are
now being held in Amelia Township
alone, and the remaining fifteen or
twenty townships of Orangeburg Coun
ty hold enough to a total of 20,000
bales in the hands of the producers in
It is this way in Anderson, and In
tact all over the State. A gentleman
from Anderson County said the other
day that the cotton mills are holding
cotton for farmers, and that in ad
dition the ware houses over the State
*re well filled with cotton.
It is estimated that fully 200,000
bales of cotton are being held in South
Carolina, which at ten cents a pound,
are worth $10,000,000. It is further
stated that most of the cotton mills
have bought pretty freely and have
their supplies on hand, with allow
ances for filling in orders from the
home territory. Many of the cotton
mills of the State bought cotton when
it was very much higher than it is to
$60,000 Fire at Greenville.
Greenville, Special.-Starting at 3
o'clock Tuesday morning, fire de
stroyed two tobacco warehouses, four
prize houses and. several smaller
buildings, together with a half mil
lion pounds of leaf tobacco. The total
loss Is fully $60,000; Insurance $40,000.
The origin of the fire is unknown.
The losers were: R. A. Tyson, E. H.
Thomas & Co., Evans,- Hooker & Co.,
C. W. Harvey, Greenville Warehouse
Company, R. F. Betts, J. E. Hughes &
Company, R. 0. Jeffress, S. M. Schults,
Thomas & Greene, T. B. Ficklen Bail
ey & Andrews, the Euvita Company.
Stossel Cables the Emperor.
Tokio, Special.-By permission of
the Japanese General Stoessel sent
a cable message to the Emperor of
Russia. The mesage recites the fact
that the Port Arthur commander was
forced to surrender, announced the
terms granting the officer's parole and
asks the Emperor to send his com
Col. McColl Dead.
Bennettsville, Special.-Col. C. S.
MColl, Senator and one of the most
prominent citizens of Marlboro county,
died here Saturday after a sh6rt Ill
ness. His death was a. great shock to
the entire community.
Dr. Leroy S. Chadwick arrived in
Cleveland~ Ohio, and was released on
bail to answer charges of aiding his
wife in passing a forged check.
Senator John H. Mitcholl ar.dJ Rep
resentative Binger Hermann, who
have been indicted In connection with
te Oregon land fraud, den&unce tnis
:cton as a conspiracy.
Rev. Ingram N. W. Irvine, it -was
understood, failed in his mission to
Huntingdon, Pa., in that his former
parishioners there whose names ap
-ear on the presentment against Bish
op Talbot, still repudiate their signa
Bribery of officials Is alleged to
have caused the defeat of Governor,
Garin, of Rhode Island.
Lynchings in 1904 were fewer than
in any year since 1885, the number
Frank Gardner, aged 17, was res
cued from drowning by the heroism
of a girl r.ear Delaware, N. J.
SAn unusual political situation has
developed from the proposition to reg
ulate railroad rates.
Senator Scott, of West Virginia,
says the government should own all
uldin'gs used for it for Federal pur
poses, both in the United States and
The Geological Survey announces
that the new gold fields of Nevada
promise to become among ihe mosc
William McKean, of Baltimorc. who
reached Norfolk, declares he was cap
tured and held prisoner on a Chesa
peake Bay oyster boat..
In the Circuit Court at Mountain
City, Tenn., Finley Preston was seii
tenced to be hanged for the second
time. He was convie,ted of the mur
der of Lillie Shaw, a mulatto, and
confessed that he cut her body in
pieces and then attempted to burn it.
His case was reversed by the Supreme
Curt and sent back for trial with
the result that he has again been sen
tenced. His attorneys will take anoth
Rev. Dr. Richard T. Wilson. of Rich
mond, sustained a slight stroke of
The cruiser Chat.tanooga was given
s. r seed trials off Newnort, F I.
TilE SOUTH'S WEALTH
Notable Increase Shown During The
A STEADY INFLUX OF CAPITAL e
The Remarkable Gain in Diversified
Agriculture Notable-The Increase c
in the Taxable Value of Property C
40 Per Cent-As Great as the In- R
crease in the Preceeding 20 Years. t
Baltimore, Md., Special.-The Man- it
ufacturers' Record presents this week C
the approximate figures of the assess- t
ed valuation of the property in all the e
Southern States at the beginning of E
1905, publishing a table, showing by a
States a total assessed valuation of a
$4,510,925,237 in 1890, of $5,266,594,044 p
in 1900 and of $6,196,697,813 in 1904. a
Commenting upon these figures The iz
Manufacturers' Record says: t:
"These figures,*subject in part to re- c
vision-and, it -is believed in the case
of two or three States, several millioa
dollars below what will be shown by r
the final returns on assessed values- t
indicate the remarkable advance in a
material wealth In the South between e
1900 and 1904. During that period, as 1
shown by these figures, there was a t
gain of more than $930,000,000, or at an b
average rate of $230,000,000 a 'year.
The magnitude of this increase is
strikingly illustrated when compared I
with the progress -in the decade be- t
tween 1890 and 1900, when the total
increase in assessed valuation was
$755,000,000, or at the rate of $75,000,- 1
000 a year. It was during that decade r
that the price of cotton fell to its low
est point since the war, but during the
last four years-there was a steady ad- i
vance to the exaggerated speculative o
value of the early part of last year.
It may not be possible to connect with 1
exactness the Increase in the price of
cotton and the enhancement in the as
sessed values of property in the South t
but that higher prices do have a ma- l
terial bearing upon the prosperity, a
goes without question.
"In studying this question, however, s
it should be borne in mind that during t
that last few years the increase in i
diversified agriculture in the South
has been almost as marked as the in- b
crease in the value of cotton, and' ad- b
ded to this is the really wonderful in- 1
dustrial development. The remarkable '
change from the low price of cotton of 1
six or seven years ago Is hardly more
striking than is the increase in the pro, I
duction of grain, fruits, vegetabled
and other farm products. The total b
increase in the assessed value of prop- t
erty in the South in the 20-year per- e
iod from 1880 to 1900 was $2,310,000,- C
000; or, in other words, In the last four I
years the gain in the taxable value in i
the South has been 40 per cent. as
great as the total gain of the preceed- t
ing 20 years.
Bearing on the Increase in the as- ?
sessed value of property, The Manu- p
facturprs' Record gives in detail statis- d
tics showing the great development of -
diversified farming in the Soutif, which s
in connection with Industrial develop- r
ment has been a potent factor In the a
enrichment 'of that sectio'n, and says: z
"By reason of the short crop and i
high prices of cotton in 1903 and the1
large 'crop and lower prices in 1904, v
the world's attention has been so close- I
ly centered upon cotton that the re- I
mark-able development in diversified
agriculture throughout the South, now 1
one ,of the most marked features of 2
'Southern farming operations, has been
to a considerable extent overlooked.
In 1~u3 the South produced suelh an
exceptionally large grain crop that it t
was haidly to be expected that there
would be a fprther increase in 1904,
although there is practically no limit
to -the South's capabilities in the de- g
velopment of diversified farming, In <
1903 the production of corn showed an t
Increase of 138,000,000. bushels over e
1903. The aggregat,e production of I
corn in the South for the last two
years was 1,300,000,000 bushels,
against 900,000,000 bushels for the two r
preceeding years, an increase in two a
years of nearly 400,000,000 bushels. r
The total value of the corn crop of t
the last two years was $720,000,000 %
against $566,000,000 for the two pre. t
ceeding years, or a difference in favor t
of the last two years of $154,000,G00, C
which was added to tne wealth of the 3
South by the increase in corn alone.
There was no material difference in
the wheat production bpt the higher
prices of wheat in 1904 made a differ- C
ence of nearly $15,000,000 to the South i
as compared with the wheat crop of
1903 and a difference of $31,000,000 as
compared with the wheat crop of 1902.
The total value of corn, wheat, oates.
Irish potatoes, rye and .hay producedI
In the South last year was.$542,000,000
a gain of $36,000,000 'compared with'
1903 and of $140,000,000 compared with t
1902. .Outside of these crops and of I
cotton, the value of other farm pro- C
ducts, including rice, sugar, tobacco, a
sweet potatoes, vegetables, fruits and E
live stock products, was about $550,
000,000, or a total value of Southern- j:
agriculture outside of ootton in 1904 C
of about $1,092,000,000. The aggregate 3
grain production in the South last t
year was 790,000,000 bushels, against c
607,000,000 bushels in 1902. a
Rehearing in Rebate Case.
Washington, Special-The inter-State tt
commerce commission telegraphed i
President Ripley, of the Atchison, To- a
peka & Santa Fe Railroad, that it a
would give a re-hearing in Chicago of
the Colorado Fuel & Iron case, prob
ably on Friday or Saturday of next
week, though possibly not until later, a
This is the case in which charges were c
made of granting rebates by the rail
road to the Colorado company. t
No Baii For Nan Patterson.
New York, Special.-Justice Green
baum. of the New Yorlf State Supreme t
Court. denied the application of Nan l1
Patterson for bail pending a new trial y
on the charge of the murder of Caesart
Young. In deny.ing the application Jus
tice Greenbaum says that counsel for h
the prisoner made no effort to con- t
vince the court that there is improb- n
ability of securing a conviction at aa
second trial. As it appears that the
district attorney intends to 'proceed u
with a second trial of the prisoner, he ~
did not feel that he would be justified0
in ordering her release on bailt
CONGRESS IN SESSION AAIN
'he Senate and House Regularly at
Work-What They are Doing.
House Meets and Adjourns.
When the House re-convened after
ie holiday recess, Mr. Grosvernor, of
1hio, submitted the report of thd mer
hant marine. commission, the minor
:y being given until Friday to sub
iit their views. The House adjourned
util tomorrow' out of respect to the
iemory of the late Representative Ma
oney, of Illinois.
Subventions of five dollars per gross -
)n annually; subsides- for the carry
ig of mails from Atlantic Coast .and-'
rulf of Mexico ports to South and Cen
-al America and Cuba, and from Par
fic. coast ports to Japan, China, the -
'hillippines, Mexico, Central' America
nd the Isthmus of Panama; a ton
age tax on foreign vessels entering ::
rnited States ports; 'he creation of a
aval volunteer of appretices on ships
i foreign trade are provided for in
ie bill agreed upon by the joint mer
hant marine commission. *
Senate. Meets Again.
Upon re-convening after.the holiday
cess, the Senate plunged directly in
D the consideration of the bill for the
dmission of two States to be compos
d of Arizona and New Mexico and Ok-'
.homa and Indian Territory. A mu
[on by Mr. Beveredge to take up the_
i11 prevailed by a vote of 31 to 17. Mr.
leyburn, who renewed his effort ..
;et up the pure food bill, voted w -th
he Democrats qaroll call, but witih
his exception the Republicans votel
olidly to proceed with the conside
ion of the Statehood bill and the Dem
crats solidly against that course. ? -"
aotion by Mr. Bate, of Tennessee, P
ecommit was voted down, Mr. NelsoW
poke at length in advocacy of 'tid
Mr. Bate, in makingjhis motiOn,
had been diScndt to make a.. A:
ority report, a'many of the. ath
f the commfta had been hell
be Senate was in session, wben" g.
ers of the. minority could not.ttef ;
He entered upon an arm
gainst consolidation of the four
ories into two States.' Referring
he proposed union of Arizona
Tew Mexico,*he said they would
State of greater area than-Is to
rised in all the New England
rith New York, New Jersey, and
ylvania added. The only reason
he consolidation was found, he saU
a the desire to prevent an Increase
if United States Senators. .
Mr. Breckenridge said all the
ers of the committee on T
ad been notified of the eon~
mieetings and that failure to
ras the falt of the individual
Mr. Bate admitted that due notice
meetings had been given.
ranted us to help make a quorum,
Le said, "but we did not come up w*
be ante." The reference of the ,
rable Senator to a popular
aused a smile around the chambb
lis motion was voted down, 15 to 31;
ne Senate adjourned.
Senator Bard occupied the entkh
[me of the Senate. He made srg
ient against the union of Aridina l
rew Mexico, on the ground that tbil#
eople of the two Territories do noI,
peech he was interrupted by Mr. Ti1g
ran, who said he wanted to make a:
ppeal for "white supremacy in ArIn'
ona." To unite the two TerritorIW'
,old, he said, be like .lining
rith Cuba and to subject the whlt?
iople of Arizona to the dominstion
lexicans and 4Greasers," whfeh-he 4'
Seerl bills of mirnor importance T
ere passed during the day, and the
enate adfourned until Monday.
Will Canvass Vote February 8.
The joint statehood bill again occa
ed the majority portion of the atteM ~
ion of the Senate, and Mr. Nelson com-4
letEd his speech Ir support of i
he omnibus claims bill was read -In
art, but no effort was made to se-'
ure action upon it. Bills for the ~,~~
rganization of ' the medical corps~ o
be army and regulating promotions
army officers employed In-the ord,
ance department were passed.
A resolution reported by Mr. Br-,.
ows from the committee on privileges
nd elections fixing '1 o'clock on Wed- -
esday, February 8, for the canvass by
be two Houses of Congress of- the'-S
ote cast at the last presidential ele6
Ion was agreed to. The ceremony wI,.
ke place in the chamber of the Rouge
I Representatives. The Senate ad-4
No River and Harbor Bill.
The prospects are that this session "
I Congress will not pass a rived and
arbor bill. The committee on-rivers
nd harbors has been considering a ..
ill for some time with a view of mink
cg an early report, but among the
aders in the House there Is a dispo
tion to let the bill go over for this'
ession, on account of the:condition of-~
he Treasury. Cutting off a river and
arbor bill would be in line with the
etermination of the House leaders to
dhere to a policy of strict economy In
Representative Maynard. of Virginia.
1 L bill proposed to increase the salary
the President to $75,000 a year, the
'ice President to $15,000 and to give
de President after his retirement' from
f ice an annual salary of $25,000 per
nnum for life.
By a bill introduced by Representa
ive Gillespie. of Texas, it is proposed
dat United States District judges shall.
ave been residents of the district 'for
t least five years prior to appointment
ud that they shall reside continuously
ithin the district while on the bench.
Sviolation of the last provision Is
iade a high misdemeanor.
The House committee on agriculture
uthoized ,a report on the resolution
lling on the Secretary of Agriculture
>r information as to the data for the
port on cotton acreage and produc
Washington, Special.-The nomina
on of W. D. Crum, a.negro, to be cot
'ctor for the port of Charleston, S. C.,
as confirmed by the Senate in execu
e session by a vote of 38 to 17. Crm
as been nominated by the President
iree times, and in addition to these
ominations has ,received three -recess
ppointments, and is now serving
nder the last of these. Confirmation
'as opposed by Senator Tillman, who
bjected to the appointment of &
egro. . . . . i ,