Newspaper Page Text
G era1 Stoessel lol
Requests Terms i
After Eleven Meaths of Fighting the "Gibi
Ships in the Harbor Blown Up Befors
Chefeo Describe Place as a "Li
.lads. the Brave Defenders
Them AU Military non,
the Long Engageme
. Accepted by,G
Tokio, Japan.-After a siege of near
ly eleven months Port Arthur has fall
en at last. After blowing up all his
ships; big and little, General Stoessel
:at 5 o'clock In the evening sent a mes
sage. to General Nogi offering to .give
up the-fortress to save further u:eless
sacrifice of life, and the following day
at 2 o'clock (Port Arthur time) repre
sentatives of the commanders were
discussing terms outside the town.
Two or three Russian torpedo boats
escaped to Chefoo, and the captain of
one of them described Port Arthur as
"a living hell." Another report from
Chefoo stated that the Russian com
batant force had dwindled to 5000 men,
and that there were 15,000 sick and
wounded men in what was left of the
. was 9 o'clock at night whea Gen
eral Nogi, commanding the Japanese
army of investment, received from the
Russian general the note saying that
he found further resistance useless,
and asking for a meeting to arrange
The map shows Kin-Chow and the surroi
Peninsuls, the tongue of lan
terms of capitulation. The Japanese
general immediately named comis
sioners to' confer with representatives
of the Russian commander. The terms
agreed upon, according to dispatches
from Tokio, are of the most magnani
Thd Emperor of Japan, through the
chief of the imperial staff, has given
public his expression that '"General
Stoessel has rendered commendable
service to his country in the midst of
difficulties," and that it is his wish
"that military honors be shown him."
Late dispatches from Japan have
shown that the gallant defense of
Stoessel and his men has nowhere
been given a finer appreciation thani in
the land of his foes. and Japan has
embraced the opportunity to show her
magnaminity and admiration of 'the
gallantry of Port Arthur's defenders
by allowing them all the honors which
war permits- a victorious army to be-'
stow upon the vanquished.
General Nogi reported as follows:
"At 5 in the afternoon the enemy's
bearer of a flag of truce came into-the
first line of our position south of Shu
shiying and handed a letter to our ofti
cers. The same reached me at 9 o'clock!
ai night. The letter is as follows:
"'Judging by the general condition'
of the whole line of hostile positions
hield by' you. I lind further resistance
at Port Arthur useless, and for the
purpose of preventing needless sacri
fice of lives I propose to hold negotia -
tions with reference to capitulation.
Should you consent to the sa.me you
BOSTON TRAIN IN ACCIDENT.
Passengers For New York ,Obliged to
Change Cars Near New Haven.
New Haven, Conn.-The locomotive
of the train from Boston and Spring
field arriving here at 8 o'ciock at night
jumped a switch at Cedar Hill, five
miles from here.
The passengers were transferred to
the Shore line limited express from
Boston to New York. which passed
twenty-five minutes later. Nobody was
Alfred Wilmarth was elected presi
dent of the Long Island Aut2mobile
"Phil" Kearney, N. Y. A. C.. won the
scratch half-mile skating race at Ve
Dr. S. P. Hopkins won the Christmas
Day Cup at the holiday shoot of the
Crescent Athletic Club-.
Irving School. of Manhaitan, defeat
ed St. Paul's School. of Garden City, at
hockey three to nothing.
Sixteen English foxhounds arrived in
New York City from the Deep Elun
Hunt Cl1nh of Richmond, Va
NTHS. OF SIBE
;ts White Flag au
if Geeral Nogi.
OF RUSSIAN TROOPS
altar of the East" Has Fallen-All of thi
Surrendor-OMoer. Who Escaped to
ing Hel"-Mikado of Japaa'
aad glres Orders to Show
Prs-Brlef Sanmmary of
will pleM appoint commissioners foi
discussing the order and conditions re
garding capitulation and also appoin1
a place for such commissioners to meel
the sanie appointed by me.
"'I take this opportunity to conve3
to Your Excellency assurances of m3
"Shortly after dawn I dispatchei
our bearer of a flag of truce with thf
following reply addressed to Stossel:
'I have the honor to reply to you:
proposal to hold negotiations regard
ing the conditions and order of capitu
lation. For this purpose I have ap
pointed as commissioner Major-Gener
al Ijichi. chief of staff of our army. Hi
will be accompanied by some staff offi
cers and civil officials. They will mee
your commissioners at noon at Shushi
ying. The commissioners of both par
ties will be empowered to sign a con
vention for the capitulation withou
waiting for ratification. and cause thi
same to take immediate effect. Au
thorization for sneh plenary power!
shall be signed by the highest officer!
of both the negotiating parties and thi
same shall be exchanged by the re
:3O C Z' 7 Y .AV
DaE xaAD VANsJYA
O $ /IO'
tnin hi somedb heJpnsp n
forcehls stomed the pao~ aurnde:
on 9.45h thcoc batle tihtdcddteft
se foo.-TheRssin icrswh.a
tocvey teefom ort Arthurlenc ths
torpedo oat dyespetoeswic.sae
fore Rusanh forres as en fort<
pasthfie ays,tulaing whic the Jsap
anres sineve omat and asued
t ceaseolocs a nightny.
Theyoouse trunrofaery anr
ries hins ere fromo rauny de
scrion. Thaterae hasvno a single so
pist the days, dwhin whic tife -fao
han he bombded anusd tosstaytc
the. se tat wordh stroetseon hap:
onincbrgl,.edecladitg that bte cor
roweater,sd someetaggerd ay te
theipfron. hrein wsones asng spoin
inthe Japans wtich as prseon
deahae Mnycofu thhospital thei
here werte wouned refsad ntos i1
thi ste lay aains The stet o hap
ofsbdes efos oth, biterl als
th on. di waons and evdetytai
th.apans about take rsonter prz
ad cuntessrcful trese Ten catur
FoiIri CtyLghin lat
Ther er idys Mandor's u
thissate re'commiende eislto for .
itihus ng tad for nre as in;
and cots wteasurel. THe cptace
theciy' Cisty Lightin urin c
The Nerman' ityameoArsannwit
two~ sbmrcinedbolats la onboarwa
prited frosaiing plnta to iNcewpor
tewcys. Thbatser suppsed poe
The dty pi hs e)eet e icrntry c1
.ie emort stear Agrgawte
Iprisesad frot 400sailii at hio
to,has duty reid in this Jeistry
joegaiport ast eanragge.t
Itsed uain tht40 failies t th
naetion ckaita lie clin min
mu Japain ofcr G50,000. n I.T
Near New York Ci,ty there has beern
started a catnip farm, 'which is prov
in:: a profitable investment.
of 203-Metre Hill by the Japaneso was
the garrison's first vital wound.
Then came the capture of Riglung,
Sungshu and Panlung Mountains. Gen
eral Stoessel had announced that he
would fight-till the last.
"His plight last night," said Captain
Kartow, Commander of the torpedo
destroyer Ylastni, "looked like 'the
"There was no stopping the Japanese,
who lived in droves and tought with
the last instinctive twitch of the
nerves, with eyes fixed on Liaotie
Mountain. Stoessel had killed a Jap
anese army and exhausted his ammuni
tion, but," added Captain Kartow,
"they became more furious, fero-itus
and fateful than ever.
'So the white flag went up."
The folowing are, in brief, the prin
cipal incidents of the siege of Port
February 8, 304-Admira! Togo's tor
pedo flotilla attacked the Russian ships
off Port Arthur, and damaged the
Czarevitch, Retvizan and Pallada..
February 9-Bombardment by the
Japanese, during which the Poltava,
Askold, Diana and Novik were hit.
February 11-Russian mining ship
Yenisei sunk by accident; ninety-six
officers and men lost.
February 14-Torpedo boats sink the
April 13-Battleship Petropavlovsk
sinks with Admiral Makaroff, the art
ist Verestchagin, the chief of staff and
750 officers and men. The Pobieda
disabled, and.., one a Russion destroyer
May 5-Japanese transports disem
bark troops at Pitsevo.
May'2 -Japanese'batleship Hatsuse
and cruiser Yoshino of Admiral Togo's
May 2-27-Battle of Kinchau and
May 30-Japanese capture Port
June 14-16-General Stackelberg, ad
vancing to the relief of Port Arthur,
driven back by General Oku, at the
battles of Wafangkau and Telisu.
July 22-Fourth Japanese army land
ed at Port Dalny.
July 30-Japanese capture Wolf Hills,
six miles north of Port Arthur.
August 5-Japanese capture outer de
fenses of Wolf, Green and Christ Hills,
north and east of the city.
August 7-Japanese land troops in
Louisa Bay, west of .tort Arthur.
August 10-Sortie and dispersal of
Russian squadron by Admiral Togo.
Aubust 14-Defeat of Vladivostok
t August 14-15-Capture of the Pigeon
August 26-The Japanese in full con
trol of Pigeon Bay positions. Capture
of one of the inner defenses.
August 28-Japanese capture Parade
Grounds and Etseshan.
IN 20 2$
e mountainous nature of the Kwan-Tung
of Port Arthur were fought.. .
September 19-21-Japanese capture
September 27-Russian water supply
cut off by the .Japanese.
November 8-Japanese offer terms of
November 13-The Japanese capture
trenches in front of Rihlung and
Shungshu forts and moats of principal
forts of eastern fortified ridge.
November 22-Russians abandoned
north fort at Tungkikwan.
November 30-Jlapanese begin attack
on 203-Me-tre Hill, lose 4000 men in an
hour, but eventually capture the hill.
December :30-Rihlung .fort captured
Iwith a thousand .Japanese casualties
the previous day. .Japanese also cap
tured Yangpthuban Hill.
Decemller 31 - .Japanese mounted
eight big guns in commanding post.
tions north of the Etse forts, and later
captured Sungshu Mountain, west of
Rihiung; "H"' Fort. a fort on Panlung
Mountain, the height south of Husan
yantao; and Wantai Hill.
Academy of Design Exhibits.
Some 400 paintings are shown at the
atnnual exhibition o.f the National
Academy of Design in New York City.
SCourt Demands Inquiry.
The Colorado Supreme Court ordered
a sweeping inquiry into the alleged
Denver election frauds.
:1 Storms Do Damage.
Storms did widespread damage on
the Atlantic and in Europe.
Austria's New Premier.
lBaron Gautch von Frank--Suthurn,
ex-Premiier and President of the Su
pr-eme Court of Accounts, was appoint
Ied Austrian Premier, to succeed Dr.
vo Koerber, the other members of the
Cabinet to retain their portfolios.
Russia's War Expenses.
Russia's expenses in the war amount
ed .on November 23 to $?.38.000.00J0,
with outstanding credits of .'12G.000J.
000, a total of war expenditures for
the year of $364,000.000.
IThe Queen of Italy has chosen shoot
ing and motoring as hecr principal hob
There is a boat in a canal north of
London which is entirely "manned" by
The Empress of Russia has a passion
for caricaturing and the collection of
Mrs. Louise G3. Smith, whose mother
was a sister of Thomas Jef'erson, is
dead at Louisville.
The Queen of Norway and Sweden.
outside of her family and public life, is
1EXT OF TE AGREEMRNT
All Russians Taken Prisoners, the Of
ficers Being Paroled-All Forts and
War Materials to be Turned Over
to the Japanese Army.
Tokio, By Cable.-A telegram from
General Nogi giving- the text of the
captulation convention was received
Tuesday afternoon. It is as follows:
"Article 1.-All Russian soldiers,
marines, volunteers, also government
officials at the garrison and harbor of
Port Arthur, are taken prisoners.
"Article 2.-All forts, batteries, war
ships, other ships and boats, arms,
ammunition, horses, all materials for
hostile use, government buildings and
all objects belonging to the Russian
government shall be transferred to the
Japanese army in their existing con
"Article 3.-On the preceeding two
conditions being assented to, as a guar
antee for the fulfillment thereof the
men garrisoning the * forts and the
batteries on this mountain, Sungshu
-Mountain. Antse Mountain and the line
of e'ninences south;east therefrom shall
be : emoved by noon of January 5, and I
the same shall be transferred to the f
"Article 4.-Should Russian mil'tary
or naval men be deemed to have de- 8
stroyed objects named in article 2 or I
to have caused alteration in any way d
in their condition at the existing time
the signing of this compact and the
negotiations sh'ill*1eannulled and the
Japanese arnn will take free action. I
"Article- 5.-The Rusian military and t
nav l.,authorities.shail.prvpare and
transfer to the Japanese a=thy a table
showing the fortifications of Port Ar- <
thur and their respective positions, i
and maps showing the location of
mines, underground and sub-marine,
and all other dangerous objects; also
a table showing the composition and 1
system of the army and naval ser- I
vices at Port Arthur, a list of army ,
and navy officers with names and rank
and duty of said officers; a list of
army steamers, warships and other
ships, with the number of their re
spective crews; a list of civilians,
showing the number or men and wo
men, their races and occupations.
"Article 6.-Arms, including those
carried on the person; ammunition,
'war materials, government buildings,
objects owned by the government,
horses, warships and other ships, in
cluding their contents, excepting pri
vate property, shall be left in their
present positions and the commission
ers of the Russian and Japanese army
shall decide upon the method of their
"Article 7.-The Japanese army, con
sidering the gallant resistance offered
by the Russian army as being honor
able, will permit the officers of the C
Russian army and navy as well as of- a
ficials belonging thereto, to carry s
swords and to take with them private
property directly necessary for the t
maintenance of life. The previously b
mentioned officers, officials and volun- t
teers who will sign a written parole .
pledging that they. will not take up
arms and in nowse take action con
trary to the Interests of the Japanese a
army until the closb of the war will r
receive the consent of the Japanese
army to return to their country. Each
army and navy officer will be allowed 2
one servant, and such servant will be i
specially released on signing the par- t
"Article 8.-Non-cotnmnissioned offi- s
cers and privates of both army and
navy and volunteers shall wear their
uniforms and, taking portable tents
and necessary private property, and
commanded by their trespective offi
cers shall assemble ati such places as
may be Indicated by the Japanese ar-b
my. The Japanese cominiissioners lvill c
decide the necessary details therefor.
"Article 9.-The sanitary corps and
the accountants belonging to the Rus
sian army and navy shall be retained
by the Japanese while their services
are deemed necessary for the carIng
for the sick and wounded soldiers. .
During such time sti'ch corps shall. be
required to render service, under di
rection of the military corps and ac-r
couitants of the Japanese army.
"Article 10.-The treatment to be ac
corded to the.residents, the transfer of
books and documents relating to mun- ~
icipal administration and finance andt
also detailed files necessary for the
enforcement of this compact shall be .
embodied In a supplementary com-t
pact. The supplementary compact shall
have force as this compact.
"Article 11.-One copy each of this
compact shall be prepared for the Jap
anse and Russian armies, and it shall e
have immediate effect uport signature
No Action Taken:
Memphis, Special.-A spetial to The
Commercial-Appeal from Newport,
Ark., says that no action will be taken
by the authorities of tnle town In con
nection with the lynching last Satur
day of Louis Allwhite foi' the murder U
of two women. The coroner's jury g
holding an inquest over the body of
Awhite found that the deceased
"came to his death at the hands of c
an unknown mob."
Speaker of North Carolina House.
Raleigh, N. C., Special.--wen- H.
Guion, of Newbern, was named for
Speaker of the House of the Legisla
ture by the Democrats, who have 98 aJ
of the 120 members, Guion, was placed a
in nomination by W.I P. Wood, second-.
'ed by A. W. Graham. The nomina-,
Ition was made by a rising vote. The
House Democratic caucus, presided
over by John S. Cunningham, chose
Frank D. Hackett for chief clerk and
F. B. Arendell for reading clerk, the ~
latter having no opposition. The sen- I
ate Democratic caucus chose A. J.'
Maxwell for chief clerk,. John W. ~
Simpson, of Rutherfordton, engrossing
clerk; Brown Pegram, of Raleigh, for
sergeant-at-arms; R. W. Sta~riley, of
Wilkes, assisstant door-keeper.
Sail fcr Hamburg,
Newport News, Va., Special.-The
German steamship Acria sailed for c
Hamburg Tuesday with two of the t
Lake sub-marine boats which are said I
to be consigned te the Rusian govern t
ment. The delay in the Adria's de- 1
parture has been explained. The yes- e
sel was held up by a:a agent for the j
underwriters, who insisted upon the i
sub-marines being more securely fast- I
ened to the decks, fearing that rough t
seas might cause damage to the boats j
by dislocating the medianical parts. 'j
Japs Entered yuesday.
Tokio, By Cable-Tie text of Gen
eral Nogi's telegram announcing the
capitulation of the Rissian forces at,
Port Arthur is as follovs: "The pieni
potentiaries of both parties conclud~ed I
their negotiations Maiday at 4::10
o'clock. The Russian commissioners
accepted on the whole the stipulations
of the Japanese. The doci.ment lias ~
been prepared and sigratures arr- now c
being affixed. Simultanl3ously with the
conclusion of negotiatials, both armic.s
suspended hostilities. It is expededd
that the Japanese arms wilt enter th2 '
cit se Pn Arthur Ties-la:.''"
[OV. LOYNDES DEAD
ormer Chief Magistrate cf Maryland
Passes Suddenly Away
iE SUCCUMBS TO HEART FAILURE
=ormer Maryland Executive, a Factor
in Many Financial and Industrial
Enterprises, Falls Unconscious
While Dressing For Church and Dies
Before the Arrival of Physicians.
Cumberland, Md., Special.-Ex-Gov
rnor Lloyd Lowndes, of Maryland,
led suddenly at his home here Sun
Mr. Lowndes appeared to be in his
sual good health and spirits when
e arose this morning. He left his of
ce in the Second National Bank late
aturday afternoon, went to his home,
nd after dinner spent several hours
a the preparation of an address to be
elivered here- at Bishop Paret's twen
leth anniversary as bishop of the
(aryland dioces of the Protestant
piscopal Church. He then awaited
he arrival from Clarksburg, W. Va.,
f his son, Richard T. Lowndes, who i
id not reach the house until past mid
The Governor retired at about .1 a.
a. He arose at 8:30, took a bath and
egan to dress, preparatory to attend
ag church services. A sudden fall
ttracted the attention of Mrs. Lown
ea. who was in the room. She sum
aoned assistance, and the unconscious
orm was placed upon the bed. Physi
ians were hastily summoned and were
uickly at the bedside, but death had
nsued before their arrival. Death was
ue to heart failure.
Mr. Lowndes was born in Clarksburg.
V. Va., Feb. 21, 1854. He is survived
y his widow, his brother, Richard T.
owndes, of Clarksburg, W. Va., five
ons, Llyod Lowndes, Jr., of Cumber
nd; Richard T., of Clarksburg, W.
a.; Charles T., of Colorado Springs,
ol.; Col. W. Bladden, of Mount Sav
ge, Md., and Tasker G.
Many Animals Burned.
Rockingham, N. C., Special.-A fire
ccurred here early Saturday morning
ppalling in its nature. The livery
table of M. L. Hinson, was destroyed
gether with over thirty mules and
orses. All day the atmosphere of the
own has been laden with the sicken
g odor of burning flesh as the charred
nd half burned carcasses of the poor
nimals lay among the smouldering
Ans. The fire originated about 2
'clock. When first discovered it had
ained such headway that the .stables
i which it started could not be en
red. The building was an imiense
ooden structure containing the
ables, wareroom and store of M. L.
[inson and A. W. Porter & Co., and
ituated in that gart of town known
s "The Rockets.' Mr. Hinson does a
rge live stock business and had on
and belonging to himself and others
3 horses and mules, all of which were
urned to death. One lone mule broke
ut in some way and escaped from the
ames. but was burned so badly that
e had to be killed..
Wrecks on British Coast.
London, By Cable.-Stormy weather
'ill continues on the British coasts,
nd several shipping casualties are
eported. The Glasgow steamer Stel
Maris Maria collided Saturday
ight, seven miles oif Holy Head,
pith the Spanish vessel Ois, and
oth sank. The crews were saved in
se boats after drifting all night. The
alfast schooner Dispatch collided
the Sunderland steamer Dinning
>n off Ramsgate this morning. The
lispath was towed In, but the other
essel is believed to have sunk with
r crew of ten men. Several other
essels were driven ashore at differ
nt points, their crews being rescued
'ith great difficulty. -
ireat Asemblage at Hampton Roads.
Norfolk, Va.. Special.-The United
tates cruiser Newark, the coast de
mse monitor Nevada and the con
erted gunboat Scorpion left here Sat
rday for Hampton Roads to join the
reat fleet assembling there. Secretary
the Navy Paul Morton, Admiral
ewey and other distinguished offi
ers will arrive on Monday morning to
view the fleet. There will be about
2irty warships of all classes in the
view which will be held Monday.
Killed in a Mine.
Concord, N. C., Special.-Fred Leon
rd, a young white man, was killed
t the Miami Mine Thursday, shortly.
fter noon. Two passing buckots in
shaft became entangled at a shift
bout 25) feet from the surface -md
.eonard went down to see and correct
e troubl,e. The rest of the story is
nknown.' From this shift he was
brown, or fell, to the bottom of the
2ine and there picked up dead, his
kull being crushed. The body was
urned r,ver to an undertaker and sent
ist night to Gold Hill, where the
oung man had a wife and two child
en. He was about 25 years of age.
White House Conference.
Washington, Special.-An important
onference regarding legislative ques
ions pending before Congress was
eld at the White House Saturday af
rrnoon. In addition to President
oosevelt, the parties to the confer
ne were Speaker Cannon; Senators
llison, of Iowa; Aldrich. of Rhode
sland; Spooner, of Wisconsin, and
'latt, of Connecticut, and Reupresenta
[es Payne, of New York; Dalzell, of
'ensylvaniia; Grosvenor, of Ohio, and
'anney, of Minnesota.
Number of the Prisoners.
Washington. Special.-The Japanese
egation received the following cable
ram from the Foreign Office at To
:o under date of today: "General
hgi on Sunday reports that the de
ivory of Rugsian prisoners were 878
ffcers anid 23,491 men, whereof 441
ficers and 229 orderlies gave parole
o far. General Smirnoff, General
'ock Ge.neral Gorbalvosky and Ad
2iral Wihmann preferred to be sent
o Japn 2 prisoners of war.
WHEN HE WAS SATISFIED.
A Story of the Early Western StagS
Otto Mears is known in Colorado as
the "*Pathfinder of the San Juan" be
cause of the stage and toll roads he
built through the mountains. One of
his stage lines was over Marshall
Pass. He was constantly censuring
his drivers for being slow. The result
was that e.ery man was anxious to
get him alone in a stage and demon
strate that thej could go fast enough
to please him.
One morning he waited at the sum
mit of Marshall Pass for the stage
driven by Henry Burns. a reckless
driver, to leave for the foot. He was
dressed in a black suit that was
molded to him, and on his head was a
new silk hat, and his linen was spot
lessly white. He was the only pas
"I'll give him the ride of his Ii.e,"
remarked Burns to the station men.
Four of the best horses on the line
were hooked up, Mears stepped into
the stage with a fresh cigar in his
mouth, and Burns clambered on the
box. He cracked his whip with. a
volley of curses, and the leaders nearly
jumped out of the l}arness. He- sent
the four down the s'erpentine road in
record time. the stage banging against
the side of the mountain, grazing the
edges of precipices. whir:ing around
sharp curves on two wheels. and
bounding over rocks with jars that
raised the heavy vehicle three feet
and lunged it forward with a bump
that started every bolt and nail. The
horses were white with lather, but
still Burns urged them on.
At the foot pass Burns pulled up his
foaming and 'well-nigh spent horses.
and Mears climbed out. "His siik hat
was a battered wreck, his clothes were
torn in a dozen of places, and iis
hands and face were scratched and
bleeding, for he had been tossed about
in the stage like a pea in a can; but
his cigar was still gripped in his teeth.
He said nothing, however, until the
stage was driven up to continue on its
way, when he remarked to burns:
"Henery, I tink I vill ride on te out
side mit you. I vas so lonesome inside
I couldn't keep avake."-Sunday
WORDS OF WISDOM.
'The man who applauds the brave
always thinks he is running over with
A man is not likely to get honey
from the rock when he is pounding it
with his head.
We should be as cari'ful of our
words as of our actions, and as far
from speaking ill as from doing iil.
God has the best place for the bet
man, although men cannot always see
this until the work is finished.-H. J.
Many a man who prays for power
to lift a world shuts his eyes when he
sees a poor woman struggling with a
The craving for sympathy is natural
enough, and it ought never to be
treated harshly, nor thought of as a
fault, but it easily becomes ignoble
and very morbid, because very seltish.
-Charles G. Ames.
I believe that there is no away, that
no love, no life, goes ever from us; it
goes as He wvent, that it may come
again, deeper and closer and surer, to
be with us always even to the end ot
the world.-George Macdonald.
Population on thle increase.
Our population is on the increase. as
never before, and there is not a shad
ow of doubt that it wvill continue to
steadily increase, at least for the next
half dozen years; and no reasonable
mind can doubt the enormous signifi
emnce of this increase in poppiation
in its relations to the demands for the
necessities as well as for many of the
uxuries of life. Four years ago we
were surprised at the census, which
showed a population of T->,000,000,. hut
we soon came to regard such a popu
lation as a mere matter. of course, and
now we talk of 80,000.000 and seem to
attach but little significance to it. And
yet, in 1910. if the percentage of in
rease keeps on. we shall have a pop
ula tion of more than 88.000,000. When
it is realized that in the past thirty
three years our pjopulation has in
reased 100 per cent.. while that of all
the world has increased but twenty
five per cent.. we get some idea of
what this expansion in our population
means ti the Uited States. And the
increase in population can have but
one effect, and that,is to increase our
)rosperity and material resources.
The Wateh-Maker's Screws.
The fourth jewel screw of a watch
is so small that to the naked eye it will
hot look like anything more than a
bit of dust, and is p)robably' the smnall
est screw made. It must necessarily
be perfect in every respect, and the
:hracter of the wvorkmnanship required
> it is illustrated by looking at it un
der a powverful microscope. when it is
seen that the threads average 200'to
the inch. It is exactly 1-400 of an inceh
in diameter and over ->000 could be
packed in a lady's thimnble with ease.
Counting these screws is never at
tempted, of course. but 100 are
weighed on a delicate steelyard and
the total number of ar. output is ar
rived at by comparinig the gross weight
with the weight of these. Such tiny
screws can only be made in large num
bers by machinery, and the operation
teadng their manufacture is one of
the most delicate things in watchmak
nmg.-St. Louis Globe-Democrat.
Native Japanese Politeniess.
The p>roprietor of the Japanese ten
store on the South Side had been much
annoyed by the incessant howling of
his neighbor's dog under his window
while he was trying to sleep.
There came a night when his pa
tience gave, way, says the Rochester
He raised the wondow, stuck his
head out and called to his neighbor:
-Mist' Jones," he said. "woll you
do the kindness for request the hon
orable dog that he stop his honorable
bark? If you don't, by gosh, I'll knock
his head off'"
The student of philosophy will not
need to be told where the native JTap
anese politeness of the speaker left off
and the demoralizing influence of his
mericn environment came in.
A New Hampshire Plan.
Governor Bachelder, of New Hamp
shire, says: "Within a day's ride of
our summer capital. Mount Washing
ton, there are 10,000,000 people. We
would like to have at least one-tenth
of them visit us every summer, and in
order to get them and keep them as
long as we can, we are planning to im
prove our highways so as to make a
good impression on our" visitors when
they arrive on fc , by horseback. by,
boat, by bicycle, in automobiles, palace
car or steam yacht. They a,re wel
cofe; they are all welcome, and the
welcome is equally hearty for one-and
In order to enable the visitors to see
the State of New Hampshire,.the Gov
ernor has appointed an' engineer, who
is at work mapping the roads of the
State, and under the Jovernor's direc
tion a comprehensive s.stem'"of- per
manent road Improvement is being out
lined with much exactness before a
dollar is expended in its completion,
as to clearly show where the perma
nently improved roads are to begin and
end, and the expense to the State for
their construction, together with the
annual expense of maintenance.
The improved highways will aim to
permeate every section of The State
with at least a well bullasted, well
drained and well surfaced gravel road,
whose cost, using the present madbed
for a base, will be fronm800 to $1500 ,
a mile.. On this calculation, appropri
ating $100,000 a year for six years, the
State would hg e' at the end of that
time 600 miles of the best roads In the
world for light travel and mountain
scenery, traversing the State from its
entrances at the southwest to the
White Mountains. It is intended to
divide the cost of completing the roads
between the State, county and .towns,
the same as in New York. The Gov
ernor says- there is no more mystery
about building roads than about build
ing houses. Use common, practical,
business sense and conform the cost
of your highway to the kind of travel
for which it is desired. If the Gov
ernor of New- Hampshire can get 1,
000,000 visitors to come to the State
during the year and leave $10 Apiece
he has provided for the spending of
$10,000,000 within the State during
the summer months. Who can esti
mate the amounts of money which
would be spent in New York State's
lake and mountain region if this State
only had a system, of improved high
ways and a Governor as heartily in in
terest with the subject as the Govern
or of New Hampshire? Would not
we have 3,000,000 people spending $20
each and leaving in the State during
the summer the sum of $00,000,000, as
against the $10,000,000 estimate ma4e
in New Hampshire?-New York Tri
- Weing Improved Machinery.
Improved machinery and new meth
ds were introdueed In Massachusetts
last year,. reducing the cost and in
resing the efficiency of the roads.
Formerly gravel roads were resur
faced by hand.. The gravel would"be
spread to a depth of from three (o -six
inches. Really a new road would be
built. This would require months of
packing,. and the roads would not be9
In good condition until this process
was somewhat completed. Now a ma
ehine is used for distributing gravel.
The new treatment can be given for.
the small cost of from $10 to $15 a
mile. The machine Is used also for
spreading sand. On the surface of
macadam roads the sand Is better
binding material than the dust from
the stone,. for it is not so liable to be
blown off by winds.. With a machine,
a cubic yard of sand can be distribut
ed in a minute and a half. The com
mission has also introduced a system
for using the road material which is
near at hand in all towns. In the case
of heavy elay roads the plan has been
tried of digging out the centre to a
depth lower than the frost will reach.
The eut Is made gradually less toward
the sides, so that there is a V shaped
trench. This Is filled with coarse
stones or stones from useress stone
walls in the vicinity, to a depth of
about eighteen. inches in the centre
and six or eight inches at the sides.
The best material which is conveni
ently near is used for covering. If
good gravel is not to to be had, then
earth is put on. it will work down on
ly part way, leaving a practical drain
at the bottom. Such a road is not
acted upon by frost, and the cost va
ries from $500 to $1500 a mile, probab
ly not averaging $1000, while the cost
of macadam is from $5000 to $10,000
a mile. From twenty-five to thirty
miles of this rough stone road have
been built in Massachusetts this year.
Tar For Good Roads.
Tar preserv4s rope. They have
found in France that it preserves roads
also. Consul Skinner reports from Mar
seills that he has had frequent op-.
portunity this supimer to compgre
stretches of tarred and untarred high
way, to the advantage of the former.
The principal suburban boulevard of,
Marseilles has just been so treated.
He says that it may be expected that
dust will be effectively banished from
a well built macadamized highway into
which hot tar is thoroughly worked.
A thoroughly dried roadway must be
taken, such ass we have in July, Au
gust and September. From the sur
face every p)article of dust must be re
moved. The pitch should be distrib
uted from the centre of the roadway.
It should be poured, not sprinkled. It
is a very simple matter to pay out the
pitch in small quantities and to spread
it immediately upon the surface. The
pitch penetrates well into the Joints
and impregnates thoroughly the whole,
roadbed. This process is aiqled by
ru)big it in energeticajly with s'tiff
brooms. After several days it be
comes unit-ed, compact and resistant.
A very little sand, or even dust, thrown
over the surface five hours after the
dosig. of tar comipletes the operation
A Kansas man claims to have a
samp of bees that made twenty,
pound o honey in three days. ,