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PUBLISHED WEEKLY. WINNSBORO, S. C., W\EDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 22, [9o5.ESALHD184
Memoirs, Traditions and History of
Rocky Mount and Vicinity.
(Written for The News and Herald
by L. M. Ford.)
FACE OF THE COUNTY.
Before the advent of the white
man these hills were an open for
est, destitute of undergrowth and
covered with wild peavines from
one to two feet high, while great
cane brakes grew to great height
on the creek and river bottoms.
The woods were made noisy by
the chattering of the cat squir
rels and the fox squirrel made
his home in the pine and waxed
fat on its juicy cones. Numbers
of wild turkeys stalked leisurely
through the forest partaking of
the daintiest morsels only.
Deer browsed and gambcled on
the hillside unmolested, while the
more ferocious animals such as
the wild cat, panther etc., made
their homes in the swamp on the
streams. In winter blackbirds
and wild pigeobs visited the hills
in vast numbers and ducks and
geese could be seen gliding on
the suface of every stream. The
streams teemed with fish of many
varieties. Occasionally Indian
wigwams could be seen clustered
about a spring near some stream.
When the first settlers came'
]here they found a tribe of Indians
who made their home on the
banks of our river and its trib
ataries. They were called
'Catawba and from them the river
took its name, Catawba. As such
it is known from its source in
North Carolina to the mouth of
Wateree creek where it changes
to Wateree. The Indians called
their river Eswa Tavora. These
Indians were friendly to the set
tlers from the first and have held
"sacred every obligation entered
into and every treaty made. They
fought on the side of the patriots
in the Bevolution and on the side
of the Confederates in our late
war. A remnant, less than a I
hundred, still live on a reserva- I
tion in York County on the banks
of this river. They make pipes
and earthenware which they ex
change with neighboring mer
chants for such goods as they
desire. They may be hired to
perform some.labor also.
'The names of Turkey branch,
Rocky branch, Rocky creek and
Crooked creek suggest a reason
why they are so called. On the
banks of one of our branches a
.eputation of the whites would
sneet a deputation of Indians in
council and transact business and
adjust their differences to the
satisfaction of all. The calume t
was passed around and all went
home in a good humor. From
this it was called Deputation
branch, which was corrupted to
Debutary, which is its name to
During the Revolution a Whig
drummer was killed on a bill
near the Point of Rocks which
gave it the name, Drummer's
cUSTOMS AND USAGES.
Our first settlers began to come
into this section about 1760.
They came from Maryland and
irginia principally. How they
veled is not known, probably'
sgons or some other vehicle,
y owned horses then. Their
wellings were rude log huts
a they could build with
xes principally. Very
y had stone chimneys
huts. They cleared a
about their cabins in
grow their grain and
ibles. Venison was their
meat diet. Other ani
hi as the otter and wild
killed for their skins,
f these were made into
ains and caps, and most of
isha Dye, grandfather of our
end, R. J. Dye, was the gun
mith of that day and kept the
settlers' trusty rifles in good1
abooting order. His usefulness,
eItended through the Revolution
as mahy of the guns of the Whigs
were repaired by him and tbus
hie enabled them to continue in
As the settlers increased in
numbers the game became scarcer
and wilder. More attention was
then given to domestic animals.
Horses and cattle kept Fat on the
commons and hogs were killed in
the woods and their flesh cured
for the family supply during the
next season. They grew tobacco
for a money crop. It was hauled
Ato Charleston, but often it was
condeiLne 1 and could not be sold.
The vehicle mo%tly used was
the common h'me mnado sled in
which crops, firewood, etc., were
Some of the cbildren of these
men could read and write, if not
all of them, but they were not
very religiously inclined.
Charleston fell into the hands
of the British, May 12th, 1780.
Lord Cornwallis sent detachments
of troops to Augusta, Ninety-Six
and Camden to insure and hasten
the subjugation of this State.
From Camden a detachment un
der Colonel Houseman was sent
to Rocky Mount. About one
fourth of a mile northwesterly
from the present residence of
John G. Johnston, the British
built three log forts which they
surrounded with a ditch and
With the advent of Colanel
Houseman and his attachment
came an end to the feeling of
good fellowship of one with an
other and social intercourse of
neighbor with neighbor. This
change was brought about by the
promises and threats of Colonel
Houseman. From this time it
was Whig and Tory and a deadly
hatred was engendered. Instead
of cracking jokes with each other
the crack of the deadly rifle was
beard. One of the first acts of
Houseman was to distribute
handbills among 'the people, call
ing upon them to meet him at
Beckhamville and enroll their
names as loyal subjects of King
George and receive British pro
Soon after this he visited Jus
ice John Gaston, who resided on
Fishing Creek, to induce him to
become a loyal subject to the
ing, as he verily believed that
the old Justice could and would
ring many if not all his neigh
bars to his way of thinking.
While the old Justice treated him
with all the kindness and courtesy
iue a visitor, he did not follow
is advice. After the officer de
:arted, Justice Gaston sent run
iers to various places in the com
nunity for men to meet at his
ouse that night. The summons
were obeyed with alacrity and by
nidnight thirty men of no mean
nould, strong in spirit and of
etive and powerful frames had
These men were commanded by
John McClure and were armed
with the deadly iifls, clad in their
iunting shirts and moccasins.
With their wool hats and deer
skin caps, their otter-skin shot
bags and butcher knives by their
sides, they were ready for any
nterprise in the cause of Lib
rty. Next morning they paraded
before the door of the aged
patriot and according to the cus
tom of that day he brought out
. large case of bottles. Comn
Eencing with the officers, John
and ugh McClure, he gave each
a hearty hand-s;hake and then
presented the bottle, after which
they took their course noiselessly
along the old Indian trail down
Fishing Creek to the old field
near Beckhamville, where many
of the people were already gath
red. Their sudden onset took
by surprise the promiscuous as
semblage, about two hundred in
number. The enemy werede
eated and "their well directed
ire," says one who speaks from
personal knowledge, "saved a few
cowards from th.e coming Tories,
and taught Houseman that the
strong log houses at Rocky Moaun
were safe for his myrmidons."
This encounter was the first
effort to breast the stream after
the suspeusion of military oppo
sition, the opening wedge to the
recovery of South Carolina.
Filleid with rage, Houseman
sent a party early next day to
bring the hoary-headed patriot,
then 80 years of tige, to his head
quarters, bat they found the
dwelling deserted. His wife con
cealed in some bushes nearby
saw them plunder the house of
everything and carry off ihe
stockE from the plantation; nothi
ing was left but, the family bible,
a precious relic which may be
still preserved in the family.
John Gaston had nine sons in
the army, three of whom were
killed and the fourth one shot
down at the battle of Hanging
Rock. When their mother was
informed of these facts, she re
plied, "I mourn their loss, but
they could not have died in a bet
(To be continued.)
Pneumonia Follows a Cold
hut never follows the use of 1ole.
Honey andII Tar. It sto)ps the cough
hEzl and strengt hens thei lungs an<
aftords perfect security from anu attae.
- of oeumnoula. Refuse substitutes
The Best Book for Boys.
Whitelaw Reid, editor of th
New York Tribune, was once ask
ed by a New York merchant wha
was the best book for him to pu
into the hands of his clerks for :
business hand-book. He recom
mended "The Book of Proverbs,
and the man went to the America:
Bible Society and bought a lot o
them. We give here below a fev
samples out of the book:
A wise son maketh a glad father
A soft tongue breaketh the bone
Labor not to be rich.
A good name is rather to bE
chosen than great riches.
Buy the truth and sell it not.
Look not upon the wine whet
it is red, when it sparkleth in the
cuA faithful witness will not lie.
The borrower is servant to the
He that loveth pleasure shal
be a poor man.
He that soweth iniquity shall
How much better it is to ge
wisdom than gold.
Wine is a mocker. strong drini
There is a friend that sticketb
closer than a brother.
He that oppresseth the poor
r'proacheth his Maker.
If thine enemy hunger, feed
him; if he thirst, give him drink.
A few counterfeiters have
lately been making and trying to
sell imitations of Dr. King's New
Discovery for Consumption,
Coughs and Colds, and othere
medicines; thereby defrauding the
public. This is to warn you to
beware of such people, who seek
to profit, through stealing the
reputation of remedies wich have
been successfully curing disease,
for over 35 years. A sure protec
tion, to you, is our name on the
wrapper. Look for it, on all Dr.
King's, or Bucklen,s remedies' as
all others are mere imitations. H.
E. BUCKLEN & - CO., Chicago,
Il., and Windsor, Canada.
McMaster Co. Obear Drug Co.
John H. MclMaster 4 Co drug
Low Rates via Southern Railway.
The Southern railway gives
below a few special low excursion
rates to the following points:
To New Orleans, La., Mobile,
Ala., and Pensacola, Fla.: One
first-class fare plus twenty-five
cents for the round trip from al]
coupon stations. Tickets on sale
March 1-6, limited March 11,
1705-may be extended to return
March 25th. Account-Mardi
To Washington, D. C.-Presi
den tial inauguration: For civil
ians rate one first-class fare plus
twenty-five cents for the round
tip from all stations. For mili.
tary companies and brass bands
in uniforms accompanying them
in parties of twenty or more on
one ticket- -at one cent wer mile
plus arbitraries. Tickets sold
March 2nd and 3rd, limited March
8th, but may be extended to
Very low rates to other points
now in effect.
IThe Southern railway is the
best route to the above points
operating through Pullman and
diniug cars on all through trains.
IFor fa!l information apply tc
any agent of the Southern rail
~way, or to R. W. Hunt, Division
Passenger Agent, Charleston, S. C
One of the most persistent ene
mies that a man has to fight witl
is himself. That enemy has to bi
fouht with at 'unexpected time;
and at all times. Yet if a mani
determined to win the victory be
can be successful even in spite o
all the advantages which self ha
in the contest. And what a vic
tory it is to win in such a fight
Henry .Ward Beecher says force
fully, "No man is such a cornquer
or ~as the man who has defeated
himself." God is with us in thil
struggle and through him we shal
have the sure victory.-Ex.
Mas Stood the Test 25 Years.
The old, original GROVE'S Tastekci
Chill1 Tonic. You know what you a]
takng. It is iron andl quinine in
tasteless form. No cure, no pay. 50c.
If people could exchange.troul
les there would be just as' mun
kicking as there is itrs a hors
Take Murray'sH-orehound, Mulli
and Tar and $6p coughing. 2.5c. f<
large bottle. -Your drugg.ist or Murra
Drug Co,Eolunmbia, S. C.
Tribute to General Lee.
e In an address delivered be-for,
- the Southern Historical societ'
t at Atlanta, Ga, February 18
t 1874, Senator Ben H. Hill, o
' Georgia, paid the following mos
- worthy tribute to General Lee:
"When the futur,> historiaz
i comes to survey the character o
f Lee, he will fnd it rising like a
r huge mountain above the undu
lating plain of humanity, and le
must lift his eyes high toward
heaven to catch its summit. HE
possessed every virtue of othei
great commanders without their
vices. He was a foe without
hate, a friend without treachery,
a soldier without crue.ty, a victox
without oppression, and a victim
without murmuring. He was a
public offleer without vices, a
private citizen without wrong, a
neighbor without reproach, a
Christian without hypocrisy, and
a man without guile. He was
Coesar without his ambition, Fred
erick without his tyranny, Napo
leon without his selfishneis, and
Washington without his reward.
He was obedient to authority as
a servant, and royal in authority
as a true king. He was gentle as
a woman in life, modest and pure
as a virgin in thought, watchful
as a Roman vestql in duty, sub
missive to the law as Socrates,
and grand in battle as Achilles!"
Is It Right?
Is it right that a property
owner should lose $4.20 to let a
dealer make 50 cents? A dealer
makes 50 cents more on fourteen
gallons of ready-to-use paint, at
$1.50 per gallon, than our agent
does on eight gallons of L. & M.
paint and six gallons of linseed
oil, which make fourteen gallons
of the best paint in the world, at
$1.20 per gallon; the property
owner loses just $4.20. Is it
It only requires 4 gallons of
L. & M. and 3 gallds linseed oil
to paint a moderate tized house.
Ten Thousand Churches paint
ed with Longmaz- & Martinez
L. & M. Paint.
Liberal quantity given to
churches when bought from Mc
Master Co., Winnsboro; C. P.
Wray e_ Co., Ridgeway; Kennedy
Mer. and Banking Co., Black
Easter Sunday comes this year
on the 23d of April. This is with
in a few days as late as it ever
occurs. Ouly once did it occur as
late as the 25th of April in the
19th century. It is booked to
come but once again on the 25th
of April during the presnt cen
tury. There is a current belief
with the people that a late
Easter denotes a cold and back
ward spring. But this does not
always follow, since the season,
in the presence of a late Easter,
may be mild and open.
A Severe Cold for Three flonthis.
The following letter from A. J. N us
baum, of Batesville, lnd., tells its own
story: "I suffered for three months
with a severe cold. A druggist pre
pi:ed mec some medicine. and a plhysi
clan presuribed for me, yet I did nlot
improve. I then tried Foley's aoney
and Tar, and eIght doses cured me."
Rfssustitute's. Sold by McMaster
Too many bills spoil the in
The Cause of Many
There is a disease prevailing in tii
contry miost dangerous because so docep.
-t ive. Many sudd(eni
-deaths are caused
.1 by it-heart (1s
heart failure or
- - apoplexy are often
li Fthe result of kid
4 ney disease. Ii
Lkidlney trouble is
., ed blood will at
Stack the vital organs, causing catarrh ol
thec laldder, or the kidneys themxselves
break down and waste away cell by cell.
pla~dder trptibles p1miost always'resuf
from a' derangemlent of the kidnjeys an
- a cure is obtained c u1ihet by~ a pr pjel
treatment of tihe kid neys. If you are fel
ing ba~d1r vou c"a mxake no mistake 1)'
taking' Dr.' Kihiner's Swamip-Root, thi<
reat'ikidney , liv er and bladder remedy.
It corrects inability to hold urime ami
scalding wain in passing it, and over
comes that unpleasaInt necessity of hemns
complledl to ."o often through the day
and to get upm mnyi times during th<
s night. The mild andi the extraordinar:
eefct of S'wamp-R zoot is s)on reahized
a It stands5 the highesic't for its won:i-rtu
I wamp-Root I- pl1easant to take andi
e ove'-v and a bokta teils all about it
mer & Cop. .,i:'iton. N. Y. Whe'
w-ri-.ne.tion~ reading thmis genecrou
n ofer in this paper. Don't niake nn
>r mitak e. bu:t re:nembier the name.Swam:n
v Root. Dr. k:imer's Swamp-Root. and thm
adress, Einghaultoni, N. Y'., on ever:
vOVL a .j.
HAS 1t SUBSTITUTi
Dr. H. N. Snyder, president of
Wofford College,.,will deliver the
commencement address at Clem
son in June. Elaborate pre-,
parations are being made for what
promises to be one of the most
memorable commencements in
Clemson's history. There will be
an unusually large number of
alumni present, men who hold
high textile, engineering and
executive positions all over the
Chamberlain's Cough Remedy the
The soothing and healing properties
of this remedy, its pleasant taste and
prompt and permanent cures have
made it a favorite with l,eople every-.
where. It is especially prized by
mothers of small children, for colds,
croup and whooping cough, as it always
afords quick relief, and as it contains
no opium or other harmfuldrug, it may
be given as confidently to a baby as to
an adult. For sale by Obear Drug Co.
What is the beginning? Love,
What the course? Love still.
Whaf the goal? The goal is Love
on the happy hill.
Is there nothing then but love,
search we sky or earth?
There is nothing out of Love
hath perpetual worth.
-Christina Rossetti, in New
York Magazine of >Mysteries.
Advice to the Aged.
Age brings infirmities, sac as sta
D bowels, weak kidneys and b
and TORPID LlVER.
Tut t's Pills;
have a specific effect on these organs,
stimulating th e bowels, causing them
to perform their natural functions as
in youth and
NotiCe of Dissolution.
Notice is hereby given that the bus
iness heretofore conducted under the
firm name of W. D. Tennant & Co.
has been transferred to B. G. Tennant
& Company, to whom all old accounts
must he p)aid and who will assume all
liabilities of the former firm. With
thanks for past p)atronage and askiry
for a continuation of the snie..
W, D. TENNANTP,
I .an, TI NNANT & CO.
HIH R CUT 1LO0ER8
GROWN BY US.
Cairnations ......7e. to $1.00 per dozen
Roses (hine greenhouse)..
I $2.00 to $3.50 por do'r.sn
I aQc. to r5e. pier dozen
INarcissuls, Paper Whlte....75c. per dozen
'Lily of Valley....$1.Oto $1.50 per dozeni
Boxes of Pretty Mixed Flowers ..
$1.00 to $5.00
Baskets of P'retty Mixed Flowers.
$1.50 to $10.00
Only the finest Lup-to-date varieties
9UR CUSTOMERS GET THlE BEST
Artistic Bouquets for all $1.00ses $1.0
STYLISH HOME AND CHUR~CH
We makie a specialty of
Fine Wedding Work.
Wreaths, Crosses, Anchors, &c.,
Ini ordering Bouiquets or Designs
give us an ideal of what you wvant anid
>rice, an d we will please y~ou. Cut
Elowers, Plants, Bulbs and Seed
shipped every where.
WyjRT for PRICE LIST of SEKPn
37Mailn Street, COLUMBIA, S. C.
-ra Laxative BrOr
-en anian boxes sold in as 323
. . . . W J
BUY OTHER SEEDS V
for the same money? Our
also a lot of WHITE AND F
Call here for your Garc
I have just r
lot of fresh Kei
which I offer.c
or on one an
time with apl
ity. Give me
- - BEF4
Having Your l
THE NEWS AND
All work neatly and prom;
and at reasor
YOUR ORDERS f
At McCarley's Old Stable
re a Cold in On
110 Quinine Tablis.
sa. Thm atre -
-I V . . .
VMEN YOU CAN GET
stock of these is full, and
ZED ONION SETS.
eceived a nice
heap for cash
d two years'
a call before
ere and I will
~tly done on good material
G iars teed.
e Day M..,