Newspaper Page Text
By Eliza)beth Knight To
RO' babyhcoi my dat ghl:ers shou
F anhood without any but nominal
hooe was over, i am sure I sh
to he trusted. and, cnc.. satis?
:r;or itt: to l'ad:a their ind;
:c L: in .\es. '""lt copies of
C:O not know .:iei
shouti:. b p::s.''' irs ii'e bac( sm .' U
clining" r..._ : c 1 mii. c:.ais anid hi,h,,
1o re::;;c '-ir 'iit ds in a conunoa :
deui" lt I.:- dl :.^. rs, .liJ Ci Uine of li:.. (i...
taea iromu thema one of the most
ofte. po,,,yore' in this ma:t:.r; somw:l
their own -cth- -if they ev'er were youn:,'
One oftenl ses kindly- but obtu.se pa:'.
dau riE'l, whcen both the daughter a
edge of tci chairs gie:-ing with impatie::e
To so:e parents this desire to be alone
Of course it may: but in many cases it is the
delight lying v:holly in the exchange of Ion
unrevealed cxcitemCnt at approachin g bl <
straying over the horder of childhood into
Often the most definite sensation the girl is
thet she is at :ast a real young lady and ta
man. She c-n::ot i.'nei herself into realizit
happened, and. figurativey expeaiing, expec
gown to shrink to the calves of her legs, hei
The same parents who have no understar
cent possibilities, in the relations of girls an<
of the educating influence of such relations.
who has not cone into close touch with me
al'ays forces and facts that she never gra:
personal importance: one misses in her the
the consciousness of being able to swing an in
if marriages are to be successfu!, it is
should have a chance to know men well bef
man she marries, but others. also, that she m
that she may have standards by which to ju
Do Animals Re
By John Burroughs.
HEN a bird selects a site for it
Wif it must actually think, reflect
we decide where to place our hc
I saw a little chipping spar
raspberry bushes. She kept ge
ing, inspecting and apparently 1
I saw a robin in the woo
trying to decide which particular place was
hpped to this tangle of shoots and sat down,
she readjusted herself. she looked about, sI
she was slow in making up her mind. Did
tWnk, compare, weigh? I do not believe it.
tions she no doubt felt a pleasure and satisf;
tion. An inward, instictive want was met
In the same way the hermit crab goe.s fr
seeking one to its liking. Sometimes two c
that each wants. Can we believe that the ]
It selects the suitable shell instinctly, and not
Instinct is not always inerrant, though it
son does. The red squirrel usually knows l
butternut with the least gnawing, but now a:
strikes the edge of the kernel instead of the
stick its mud nest under the eaves of a barn
smooth that the nest sooner or later is bou
judgment in the matter. Its ancestors built u
the mud adhered more firmly.-Outing.
Iron, Coal, Pet
By Prof. N. 'S. Shaler,
X the first centuries of the Iron
Ithan a pound each year for ea~
probably did not exceed, even i
pounds per capita each year.]
thing like that rate when the]
North America. At the presen
at the average rate of about
man, woman and child in the land, and the di
rapidity. It seems eminently probable that I
tury, unless checked by a great advancemen
iron each year to meet the progressive des
When the American English colonies wel
to come into use in any country. It is dou
amounted at that time to 100,000 tons, possil
folh in Europe than a p)ound, or about the sa
the so-called "iron age." At the present tim
and Northi America amounts to an average c
of the population, and the incre,ase goes on a
Petroleum, practically unknown to the O
a century ago, has with wonderful :apidity b
and many barbaric peoples; the increase in t
than that of any other earth product.
A Japanese on t
By N. Shigeyoshi.
HiE prevalent belief that "the Ja:
T far from true. Their seeming
Iji centuries of training, not ffrom
patible with their sensitive nati
To disprove the fallacy, let
of hara-kari-an old Japanese
disemboweling. I have so far
gestion of the value which the hare-kari affe
well informed on Japanese life.
We may find elaborate articles on hart
sidered book. "Tales of Old Japan:" but hit
the hara-kari is derided as the barbaric moe
their own lives. Who has ever thought of
executed in the calmest manner possible, as
sublime moment of human tragedy?
Even to take away one's life almost inse
by the revolver requires courage and detern
age that are necessary for the hara-kari con
of2. special class of Japanese.
The spirit that can .perform the hara-k:
witness on the battlefield, calm and uncomi:
the statement that "the Japanese are insensi'
Japanese Shoe Shops. New
Like all other shops in Japan, a saddle
shoe shop opens a broad side to the reshot
street. it seems a misnomer to cali anese
it shoe shop, a place where you' can tis o:
only buy sandals or clogs, thangs we plaiL
are not accustomed to call shoes. posti
There is a low platlorm in front, upon indica
which the cuistomner sits and drinks and
tea while making U.s or her pur- Chr~on
chases, the shopkeeper meanwhile
squatting on his heels and discussing
the news of the day. The sandals
worn by the rickshaw coolies are call- Con
ed warafi: they are waven of rice wave
straw, and are sold at halfpenny a about
pair. They are made in the c-ountry the S
villages, and the foreigner watches most:
the weav.ing with amused interest. "Even
The prehensile big toe of a Japanese Anglo
is of great assistance, as it is used ordeal
for catching and holding the straws, dence
leaving t'he hands free to weave. The ist te:
pack horses wears straw shoes, as overw
-well as the farmer who leads him. | World
News of thte Day.
The fifty-eighth report of the comn- L. I
missioner of lunacy, issued Sceptember that I
7. 1904, shows that in England and in re;
WVales on January 1 last, 117,199 per- porte:
sons were certified as insane, being the s1
2,235 in excess of the number on the thoug
same day in 1903. This increase is *
comparable with that of 3.251 in 1902, alike
2,709 in 1901, and 1,333 in 1900, the heavy
average annual increase in the 10 Iship.
years endied Decemoer 31, 1903, be- w vhate
lu <>:13 ' cud tI
'd e p)re_ared for a young wom
ch,p,e:-oge. ecfore their baby
i:i i 'coer whether they were
ied, i should gi"e them every
dual ive. 1 si:ould wish them
S se t:m i-:', that parents
t.anished to the
. ili.a ln , .avshulcl bec forced
L (ulights ui u i, tiiat I had
f;iure of' . l di:s n: '. P:1ren:ts are0
nes bee-' th,c have for,ottc:
toinc up %:; entaininn(their
nd tim: frien a:e stting on the
means someti1ing: repre <hensible.
Ot aoa m of plsres, the
g. long thuihts: in an inward,
irces iimpCr"fecly ulndc rstoo; at
the w:rid of m-n anl women.
; xperiCnCin is wome( ring awe
ihing as :uch with a -eal young
ig that the miracle has actually
ts momentarily her long tailed
twist of hair to slide down into
ding of the possibilities. the inno
1 young men, have no know edge
A woman is always incoimlpete
n on the mental side; there are
sps: she lacks a certain sort of
self-confidence that comes from
terview or a relation with a man.
absolutely necessary that a girl
orehand-not only the particular
ay have the means of comparing,
nest, it seems on first view as
compare, as you and I do when
-ow trying to decide between two
ing from one to the other, peer
weighing the advantages of each.
dbine on the side of the house
the best site for her nest. She
then to that; she turned around,
le worked her feet beneath her,
;he make up her mind? Did she
When she found the right condi
action, and that settled the ques
and satisfied by an outward
:m shell to shell upon the beach,
rabs fall to fighting over a shell
tiermit crab thinks and reasons?
by an individual act of judgment.
makes fewer mistakes than rea
iow to come at the nieat in the
o d then he makes a mistake and
flat side. The cliff swallow will
where the boards are planed so
,nd to fall. It seems to have no
pon the face of high cliffs, where
Age the requisition was much less
ah person. Four centuries ago it
tthe most civilized countries, ten
t appears to have been at some
~nglsh colonies were founded in
t time in the United States it Is
100 pounds per annum for every
~mand Is increasing with startling
efore the end of the present cen
t of cost, It will require a ton of
res of this insatiable man.
re founded coal had hardly begun
tful if the output of the world
y to not more per capita of the
me as iron at that late period in
e the total production of Europe
f at least two tons per each unit
t a high ratio.
ccidental peoples until about half
ecome a necessity to all civilized
he rate of consumption is swifter
panese are insensible to pain" IS
insensibilty to pain comes from
their nature, because it is incom
us examine the very much talked
way to take one's own life by
met no observation and no sug
rds, even in the writings of men
I-kari -In Mr. Mitford's well con
herto and still, outside of Japan,
le for a barbaric people to take
the value of that performance,
id even with a last smile at the
nsibly by gas or almost instantly
mation. The fortitude and cour
e from the training of centuries
tri must be the spirit which we
slaning, which has given rise to
le to pain."-New York Sun.
)airs are strunk around the high
,and the slow moving beast is
I every few miles. In the Jap
shop one will find many varie
[clogs; a few with caps, others
A few years ago the social
m of a man, woman or girl was
ted by the kind of clog worn
the decoration on it.--London
A~s to Religious Epidemics.
imenting on the extraordinary
o religious enthusiasm brought
by some revivalists in Wales,
ecolo, of Milan, one of Italy's
famous newspapers, remarks:
the self-possessed and sedate
-Saxon is not proof against such
s and can on occasion give evi
of what the medico-psycholog
ms the hypetaesthesia of an
rought civilization."-New York
Odds and Ends.
L Harris, of Lyndonville, Vt. says
ie has noted an interesting fact
ard to sheep. He has just im
some sheep from England and
camer had a rough pasage. Al
a passengers ho;'ses and cattle
were terribly frightened by the
roling and pitching of the big
the sheep paid, no attention
ver and contentedly chewed their
irogh all the tossngo.
TE WORK OF CONGRESS
The Senate and House Revu!arly at
Work-What They are Doing.
Person-lities in the House.
Not in recent years has the House
.;in.d s'ch a spect:acle as it did
Mon wt M r. Sulli;an, of ias- a
chuFtl. a:, V illiam R. i irst as the
cenrI figures. Both indlulg'd in per
Sont::!ii the gaencagr
and o s:irred the lIi) A. 1e JP!l
he-:l).1 d ron Mr.. Hea.rsl, a tir: of
:entc tin h l eri, by 7un
plcion. chargel -.r. Sulliv wi:A
:_nOIh(it". in a mnrde'r.
T a:ai grew Out of the recent
isci:ssi of the frcigh; rate ytuestiOn
In the House, when Mr. Sullivan in
quircd of Mr. Lamar, of Florida, who
was favoring the Hearst bill, %%hy Mr.
Hear:.t did not defend his own bill.
this being followed by a eriticism of
Mr. Sullivan in The New York nieri
can and Journal.
More Frequent Cotton Reports.
The Senate heard ten witncsses in
the Swayne impeachment trial Mon
day, and devoted the remainder of its
time to the consideration of the agri
cultural appropriation bill. The major
portion of the debate in connection
with the appropriation bill was based
on an amendment suggested by *ir.
Bacon, providing for semi-monthly re
ports on the condition of the cotton
crop, which was amended so as to
cover the last five months of the
year. and adopted.
Mr. Bacon, in offering his amend
ment, said that no provision could be
incorporated in the bill that would
be of so much importance to the cot
ton producers as this one. He traced
the failure of the growers to secure
profitable returns from last season's
crop to the Infrequency of the offi
cial reports. The loss in one month on
this account had not been less than
$40,000,000. He also urged that the
Secretary should publish a synopsis
of the infcrmation on which his esti
mate is based, as vell as the estimate
itself. Mr. Proctor presented a letter
from the chief statistician of the Agri
cultural Department, saying that the
adoption of the Bacon cotton amend
ment would involve an additional ex
penditure of $363,000 per annum.
Senate as a High Court.
The Senate passed the agricultural
appropriation bill and began consider
ation of the bill making appropria
tions for the District of Columbia.
The Hansbrough amendment to the
agrictiltural bill, relative to the draw
backs on the duty on wheat, was
agreed to after an extended debate,
in which tariff questions figured to a
considerable extent. The usual three
hours were given to the trial of the
impeachment charges against Judge
Swayne. In connection with that case
the Senate decided to take no testi
mony on the point of inconvenience
in the judge's residence outside of
his district, also that Judge Swayne's
statement to the House committee
should not be used as evidence in
The House managers introduced the
Florida-McGular case of record in the
Supreme Court of the United States.
In this connection, :. T. Davis testi
fied regarding inconvenience caused
by Judge Swayne's absence, and at
the suggestion of Mr. McCumber that
this was not an issue, it was elimin
ated. E. C. Dearborn, conductor of
the Jac4sonville, Tampa & Key West
Railroad, reiterated his previous testi
mony regarding Judge Swayne's trip
in a private car of the company.
Joseph H. Durkee, of Jacksonville~,
Fla. who was receiver for the Jackt
snville, Tampa & Key West Railroad
in 1893, when Judge Swayne made his
trip from Delaware to Florida In one
of~its private cars, testified that the
expenses of the trip had been borne
by the company. He said he had been
appointed to the position of receiver
by Judges Swayne and Pardee, the lat
ter being circuit judge.
Manager Palma then attempted to
have the statement muada voluntarily
by Judge Swayne b?efore the House
committee in November last. placed
before the Senate, 2-ut Mr. Thurston
protested, on the ground that the- re
spondent's testimony on a former oc
casion could not be used under the
The chiair held the testimony to be
inadmissible under the law, and Mr.
Bailey appealed from the decision, ar
guing that this was not a criminal
proceeding, nor the Senate a court
witin the meaning of the statute
The appeal caused the first roll-call
since the beginning of the proceeding.
The question as put was whether the
evidence was admissible, and the Sen
ate decided, 28 to 45, that it was not.
A majority of the affirmative votes
were cast by Democratic Senators,
but the following Republican Sena
tors voted with them: Allison, Crane
Dietrich, Long and Spooner. The
Democratic Senators voting in the
negative with the Republicans were:
Bacon, Culberson, D)uBois, Gormnan,
MCreary, Patterson and Pettus. The
names of the Senators who have not
been sworn in the case were not
W. A. Bloi'c, an attorney of Pen
sacola, Fla.. was the last witness of
the day. The coumt then adjourned.
House Makes Appropriations.
The House committee on appropria
tions completed and reported the sun
dry civil appropriation bill. The bill
appropriates $65,558,880, which is ar
increase of $7,718.669 over the appro
priations for the current years. The
increase includ'es excess required tc
meet contract obligations for the con
struction of public buildings, $3,224.
400:; excess required to meet contract
obligations for river and harbor works
The appropriation for river and har
bor works under contract Include thE
following it:eriis: Charleston harbor, S
C.. $25,000: Cumberland Sound, Ga.
and Florida. $40,000: Winyah Bay, $25,
000: -SavanLnah harbor, $175,000: St.
John's river, Fla., $205,000; Southwest
Pass, Mississippi river, $1.250,000; Ten
nessee river below Chattanooga, $50,
The items in the bill for public
buildings already contracted for are
as follows: Anniston. Ala., $60,000:
Charlottesville, Va., $35,000; Florence
S. C.. S35,000; Jacksonville. Fla.. $100.
000: Macon. Ga., $50,000; Nashville
Tenn., $40,000; Savannah, Ga., $80,000;
Selma, Ala., $30,000.
SMemorials in House.
Washington, Special.-Sitting in
special session, the House conducted
memorial services in tributes to the
memory of the late Senator Matthew
Stanley Qruay, of Pennsylvania. Mr.
Dazell presided. Messrs. Adams. Sib
ley, Kling, Brown and Bates, of Penn
tlvania: Girosvenor. of Ohio. anrd Gous
den of New York. eulogized Mr. Quay's
life and ebaracter. The remnarks were
particularly expre.si-;e of the esteem
which lie was held, anci extolled him
as a man, as a useful public servant
an an onizenr of wonrderful ability.
IHE RACE PROBLEM
speech By President Roosevelt At
IS CONSERVATIVE IN EXPRESSION
the Chief Executive Appcais to the
North For AddedA Friendliness to the
South Because of Conditions For
Which the South is Not Alone Re
sponsible and Makes Acknowledge
ments to Crusaders Against Lynch
ing-Backward Race Must be Train
ed Without Impeding Forward Race
-Must Maintain Race Purity.
New York, Special.-As the guest
A honor at the Lincoln dinner of the
Republican Club in this city Monday
sight, President Roosevelt made a
apeech on the raco problem. He ap- I
;caled to the North to make its friend
;hip for the South- all the greater be
:ause of the "embarrassment of condi
tions for which she is not alone re
;ponsible," declared that the heartiest
acknowledgements are due to the min
istcrs, law oficers, grand juries, pub
dc men and "great daily newspapers
n the South who have recently done
auch effective work in leading the cru
:ade against lynching," and said that
the problem was to "so adjust the re
iaticns between two races of different
ethnic type, that the backward race
be trained so that it may enter into
:he possession of true freedom, while
the forward race is enabled to pre
srve unharmed the high civilization
wrought out by its forefathers."
Among other things the President
The President's Address.
In his second inaugural, in a speech
which will be read as long as the mem
ory of this nation endures, Abraham
Lincoln closed by saying:
"With malice toward none; with
charity for all; with firmness In the
right, as God gives us to see the right,
let us strive on to finish the work
we aro In; * * to do all which may
achieve and cherish a just and lasting
peace among ourselves, and with all
Immediately after his re-election he
had already -spoken thus:
"The strife of the election is but
human nature practically applied to
the facts of the case. What has oc
curred In this case must ever recur in
similar cases. Human nature will not
change. In any future great national
trial, compared with the men of this,
we shall have as weak and as strong,
as silly and as wise, as bad and as
good. Let us, therefore, study the in
cidents of this as philosophy to learn
wisdom from, and none of them as
wrongs to be revenged. * *May
rot all having a common interest re
unite In a common effort to (serve)
our common country? For my own
part I have striven and shall strive to
avoid placing any obstacle in the
way. So long as I have been here I
ave not willingly planted a thorn in
~any man's h)ocom. While I am deeply
sensible to the higli compliment of
a re-election, and duly grateful, as I
ti ust, to Almighty God for hav'ing di
rected my countrymen to a right con
clusion, as I think, for their own good.
t adds nothing i:o my satisfaction that
any other man may be disappointed
or parned Dy rne reruft.
"May I ask those who have not dif
fered with me to join me in this same
spirit toward those who have?"
VICE NEGRO'S ARCH ENEMY.
Laziness and shiftlessness, these, and
above all. vice and criminality of
every kind, are evils more potent for
harm to the black race than all acts
of oppression of white men put to
gether. The colored man who fails to
condemn crime in another colored man,
who fails to co-operate in all lawful
ways to bringing colored criminals to
justice, is the worst enemy of his own
people, as well as an enemy to all the
people. Law-abiding men should, for
the sake of their race, be foremost In
relentless and unceasing warfare
against law-breaking black men. If
the standards of private morality and
industrial efficiency can be raised high
enough among the black race, then its
future on this continent is secure. The
stability and purity of the ho::e is
vital to the welfare of the black race.,
as it is to the welfare of every race.
NEIGHBORS CAN HELP MOST.
In the next place, the white man,
who, if only he is willing, can help the
colored man more than all other white
men put together, Is the white man
who is his neighbor, North or South.
Each of us must do his whole duty
without flinching, and if that duty Is
national it must be done in accord
ance with the principles above laid
down. But in endeavoring each to be
his brother's keeper it is wise to re
member that each can normally do
most for the brother who is his ir
mediate neighbor. If we are sincere
friends of the negro let each in his
own locality show it by his action
therein, and let us each show it also
by upholding the hands of the white
man. in whatever locality who is striv
ig to do justice to the poor and the
helpless, to he a shield to those whose
need for such a shield is great.
CRUSADE AGAINST LYNCHING.
The heartiest acknowledgements are
due to the ministers, the judges and
law officers, the grand jurors, the pub
lic men and the great daily news
papers in the South, who have recent
ly done such effective work in leading
the crusade against lynching in the
South; end I am glad to say that dur
ing the last three months the returns
as far '-s they can be gathered, show
a sa'- r number of lynchings than for
any ot' r two mornths during the last
twenty years. Let us uphold in every
way the hands of the men who have
led in this work, who are striving to dc
all their work in this spirit. I am
about to quote from the address of the
Right Reverend Robert Strange, bish
op coadjutor of North Carolina, as
given In the Southern Churchman of
October 8, 1904:
MUST MAINTAIN RACE PURITY.
The bishop first enters an emphatic
plea against any social intermingling
of the races: a question which must, 01
course, be left to the people of each
comnunty to settle for themselves. as'
in such a matter no one community
nl indeed no one individual-can dic
tate to any other; always provided thai
in each cality men keep in mind the
fact that there must be no confusing
of civil privileges with social inter
course. Civil law must not regulate so
al praies, o ciety, as such, Is a law
unto Itself, and will always regulal
its o0,ln practices and habits. Fu
recognitJn of the funda,:ental . _
that al. m' n should stand on an equt
floting. as regards elvil privileges, i
no way interferes with r,ognition
the further fact that all reflectin
men of both races are united in feelin
that race purity must te maintainet
NATIONAL DiST!N AIE.
Let us be steadfact for the right: bu
let us err on the si!le of :rnerosit
rather than on the side Of iiclive
: s towad those w.ho df er from uo
_s to the method of at:inng the righ
let us never fo:get or duty to hlth) i
uplifting the lowly, to taield fror
wrong the humble; and let us likewis
aet in a snirit of the hroie-t an
frankest =eaerosity to.word our broth
ers. all our fllow-contryre.n:m
spirit proc eding nrt from weakoes
but from strength, a spirit which take
no more atCunt of lo(ality than i
(oes of class or of creed; a spi:it whi.
is resoiut'!-y lont on seeing that ti
Union whi:h Washington founuedi an
which Lincoln s:iced from <!e .ru i)
shall grow nobler and greater thrimc:
out the ages.
I believe in this country with all m
heart and soul. I helieve that our pPc
pie will in the end rise level to ever
need, will in the end triumph ove
every difficulty that rises lfore ther
I could n'ot have such confident faith i
the destiny cf this mighty ;,eople :f
had it merely as regards one portion c
that people. Throughout our lan
things on the whole have grown hette
and niot worse, and this is as tie c
one patt of the country as it i, C
another. I believe in the Southerner a
I believe in the Northerner. I claim th
i'igiht to feel pride in his great qualitie
and in his great (ieeds exactly as I fe'
pride in the great qualities and deeds c
every other American. For weal or fo
woe we are knit together, and we sha
go up or go down together: and I be
lieve that we shall go up and not dowr
that we shall go forward insted of hall
ing and falling back, because I hav
an abiding faith in the generosity, th
courage, the resolution, and the coi:
mon sense of all my countrymen.
PROBLEMS WILL VANISH.
The Southern States face difficu
problems; and so do the Norther
States. Some of the problems are th
same for the entire country. Othei
exist in greater intensity in one sec
tion; and yet others exist in greati
intensity in another section. But in th
end they will all be solved; for fundh
mantally our people are the sam
throughout this land; the same I
qualities of heart and brain and han
which have made this republic what
is in the great today; which will man
it what it is to be in the infinitel
greater tomorrow. I admire and rE
spect and believe In and have faith i
the men and women of the South 2
I admire and respect and believe i
and have faith in the men and a ime
of the North. All of us alike, Nortl
erners and Southerners, Easterners an
Westerners, can best prove our fealt
to the nation's past by the way i
which we do the nation's work in tt
present; for only thus can we be sui
that our children's 'hildren shall is
herit Abraham Li:.coln's single-hear
ed devotion to the great unchangit
creed that "righteousness exalteth
Reginald Fineke won the amate
squash championship of America.
Receipts at Yale for athletics in thl
yerer 1903-4 were the greatest in th
history of the university.
By a score of 1 to 0 (roff School di
feated Cutler School in an interscholas
tic championship hockey game.
A plot is on foot in Florida to ovei
throw the Racing Board of the Amer:
can Amateur Automobile Association.
Hippolite Grasselli and Signor M:u
coneini divided first money of 35.980Of
about $7195, in the Grand Prix at liv
birds at Monte Carlo.
S. G. Averill. scratch man in N. Y. A
C. handicap squash tournament. d<
feated G. C. Hlutchinson in straigh
games by 15 to 10 and 15 to 9.
Patsy Donovan says the America
League has the National beaten in on
respect, and that is in the matter c
fast, clever players at third base.
W. H. Sigourney defeated C. F. Cor
kin in the semi-final round in the toun
nament for the national amateur bi
lard championship by 30 a, 273.
The twenty-ninth annual bench shot
of the Westminster K(ennel CIu
opened in Madison Square Garder
New York City, with an entry of 17G
E. JT. Conill's sixty-horse power Mer
cedes touring car won the 100-mile at
tomobile road race in Cuba, with Ma
jor Miller's thirty-horse power Renaul
Sam Shannon. an ox-prize fighter. o
London,. England, who for years Wa
the sparring partner of Paddy Slavir
the Australian heavyweight, commnitte<
suicide the other day at Winnipeg.
The intercoliegiate rowing regatta a
Poghkeepsie tpis year will be held o:
July 1. Thm will be three races, on
for four-oared shells at 4 p. mn., anothe
for freshmen eights at 4.43 and th
third for 'varsity crews at t o'clock.
The National L.abor Tribiune. of Pitts
burg, has entered upon its thirty-thirt
Chiengo trade unions liRe been en
listed to fight the spread of tuberculo
Some 4000 women in Germann n
now enenced in the Government tele
n Minnesotn wa~es in the ficur nat
rist milling industry range from 83'.(
to SaG a week.
The .Tonr'normo W'ilors' FT'ron o
Amerien voted to hold only quadren
A movement is under war to oonsoli
date tha throe or-ntiza.t'0as of wood
working crafts in England.
In the platformi of thu' recently er
enn'zed C'anndian Eabor Lec-ne plank:
re included adlvoentiug nublie ownor
sin of natural opportunities and publi
James McM2nahon. nresident of thn
Blnst Furnace Workers andl Smeller
of Americn. hnC entled for Enlan1 t
study the condition of the blast fur
ne workers in that country.
A new wag" agreement for 19.)O
hriIZe and structurn1 iron worker
thro'ghout the T'nited Sta tes has heei
decided iinon' hr the Executive Comn
mittee of the Tnterna tional Associntiom
of Bridge and Structural Tron Workers
The project of estnblishin~ Stat'
schools for mechlaniea1 instruction 0T
the Continent for ehnauffen'.s is hein
favorably received. and the Govecrn
uet ut Genera. Switzerlnd. has mudi
a renort on the fensibility of the rhmn.
Offiils of the Tnternatinil Tlr'other
hood of P:noermokers hare issuied
cirular ealling attention to the foe
that the OrZnnzn1tion has ndopted
label. which will lhe anitnod to al
products manufactured by iis meal
hers. The co-operation of trades-union
ists is asked to further the union
fLEW WALLACE DEAD
rWas Known Throughout the World
FAMOUS AS AUTHOR AND VETERAN
.T.ne Man Who Gave "en Hur" to the
World and Was a Conspicious Par.
e ticipant in the Mexican and Civil
W;s Pasce Away After a Wasting
l!lness at the Age of 78.
t Cr-:frdsvile, Ind., Special.-Gen.
SLe;w Wallace, author, ex-minister to
Turkey, and veteran of th? Mexican
a an:1 civil wairs, died at his home in this
-(:ity. at &: 10 o'clock Wednesday night,
aged 78 years. The health of General
Wallace has been waning for several
y years, and for months it has been gen
r erally known that his vigorous consti
tution could tot much longer with
stand the ravages of a wasting dis
e For more than a year he has been
unable to properly assimilate food, and
this, together with his extreme age,
s made more difficult his fight against
e death. At no time has he ever con
fessed his belief that the end was near,
f and his rugged constitution and re
r markable vitality have been responsible
for prolonging his life.
Besides his physician, only Mrs. Wal
lace, his son, Henry Wallace, of In
e dianap'-11s, and his wife, were present.
e When told by his physician that he
was dying, General Wallace was per
fectly calm and his last words were
expressions of cheer to his grief
stricken family. Bidding them farf
e well, he said, "I am ready to meet
r my Maker," and lapsed into uncon
sciousness, from which he did not re
e cover. No definite funeral arrange
ments have been made.
a General Wallace was born at Brook
d ville, Franklin county, Ind., in 1827. He
t served in the Mexican volunteers. Dur
y Ing the civil war he commanded a
division of the Federal army at the
capture of Fort Donelson, and was pro
moted major general of volunteers in
a March, 1862. In 1863 he prevented the
capture of Cincinnati by Gen. Kirby
d Smith. On July 9, 1864, he intercepted
Gen. Early, who was marching upon
e Washington with 28,000 men, while he
e nad only 5,800, and succeeded, though
- of course driven in defeat, in detairing
Early for some days until Washington
a could be re-enforced by Grant. In 1865
he was mustered out of the volunteer
service and returned to the 'practice
of law at Crawfordsville, Ind. He was
Territorial Governor of Utah in 1878-81
and served from 1881 to 1885 as minis
e ter to Turkey. From this period until
his death Gen. Wallace con.fined him
self largely to a literary career.
It is as the author of "The Fair God,"
a story of the conquest of Mexico, his
.first novel, and "Ben Hur" (1880), that
he achieved his most signal and last
ing distinction. Probably no other
novel has ever had such immense and
continuing sales as "Ben Hur." Later
works were: "A Life of Benjamin
.Harrison," "The Babyhood of Christ,"
and "The Prince of India."
Religious Education Association In
Boston, Feb. 15.-Numerous depart
mental sessions at which were deliver
-ed addresses dealing for the most part
with the religious education of the
American youth made a busy day for
the delegates to the third annual con
vention of the Religious Education
' Association. Nearly a score of meet
.ings and conferences were held during
) the day, and the second general ses
sion of the convention was held to
Russian Cavalry Advance.
Tokio, By Cable.-The Russians
have begun an extensive cavalry
movement against Field Marshal
- yama's extreme left. Wednesday
night they were attempting to cross
the Hun river west of Liao Yang with
t 9,000 horsemen. One force of cavalry
i stole in Liaohunschl, and simultane
Sously another cavalry force approach
red Tacha, which is situate:l 18 miles
southwest, and 27 miles west of Liao
Yang. Nine thousand ca"alry with
artillery approached the river a mile
elow Tacha, and attempted to cross
at 6 o'clock in the evening, advanc
ing on Heikoutal (Pekowtai). The
Ishelling of Oyama's center continues.
Carnegie Wilt Testi'ly.
New York, Special.-Andrew Car
regie announced that he would go to
Cleveland to testify against Mrs. Cas
sie L. Chadwick, who is under arrest
in that city charged with obtaining
large sums of money on alleged securi
ties bearing Mr. Carnegie's name. It
is alleged that the signatures were
forged. . Mr. Carnegie's announcement
-was made after a subpoena ordering
him to apepar at court in Cleveland
on March 6 had been served upon him.
Squadron Leaves Libau.
Libau, By Cable.-The third Pacific
?quadron sailed at noon Wednesday.
Grand Duke Alexis and Admiral Bire
leff inspected the squadron before its
departure. The ice-breaker Ermak
cleared the way. The battleship Vlad
imir Monomach, was the first to start
and the others were towed cut in t ur-n.
All the vessels were out at sea by
Division Meetings Tuesday.
Atlanta, Ga.. Special.-Thae Atlanta
division of the Southern Cotton Grow
rs' Association, with delegates from
every county in the State, will meet
Tuesday, February 21, in the State
capitol here, to perfect a S:ate organ
ization. On the same day there wifl
be a meeting in the capital city .01
every cotton growing Stat-e in the
U nion to form similar organization.
T here will be a meeting in every
ounty in every cotton State to select
.~ delegates to attend the various Statt
Many Newsy Items Gathered
Charlotte Cotton Markct.
These fgures represent prices paid
trict good midd-!ing ........... -
good middling ...........---------7g
Strict middling ................-%
::~ddl1iug .... ...... ............ 7 4
tiae. ....... ........ .........6 to T
Stains .... ..................5 to 5
General Cotton Market.
Galveston, steady ............7
New Orleans. firm .............
Mobile, quiet ............ ....-----"
Savannah, quiet ...............7 7-1
Charleston, quiet ...............7
Wilmington, steady ...............-7
Norfolk, steady ...............7%
B3altimnore, nominal .............7
New York, steady .............7.8
Boston, quiet .................7.80
Philadelphia, steady .............8.Q
South Carolina Items. .
A serious rear-end collision betweep
two local freights occurred Monday
morning about 6 o'clock on the South
ern railway between Greers and Tay
lors. It appears V'at both trains were
running as extras, southbound, and
the train in front had stopped to get
up steam, when the train following
crashed into the train which was
standing. The engineer on the front
train, whose name could not be learn
ed, sustained painful though not seriu
injuries. One of his arms was broke
and he was considerably bruised about
the body. The colored fireman on
rear train was badly hurt and is not ex
pected to live. Physicians were sum
moned immediate.y and went to the
scene of the accident.
Mr. F. G. Trefzer, the well known
jeweler, who mysteriously disappeared3
from Union on Tuesday afternoon, Feb
ruary 7th, was late Thursday afternoon
found' in the Fair Forest creek and evi
dently committed sui..ide while in a:
state of mental aberration, as a wound
was found near his heart. For a week'
the keenest anxiety has prevailed and
searching parties have scoured th
country, but though many idications
pointed to his body being in the creek;
nothing could be really done, as the
stream was greatly swollen on account
of the recent melting of the snows, and
not until Thursday afternoon was it
possible to take out a boat and insd
tute a- thorough search. His body wr
discovered about 4:15 and the w
near his heart was apparently made by
a 38-calibre pistol ball. The discoven
was made by J. E. Mabry at the bend4
in the creek, a stream about six miles:
west of Union, half a mile below the bIg
Rice bridge. The body was kept unde#
water by some willow trees.
By the crossing of an' electric light
wire with telephone wires' at Roek
Hill early Monday morning, a fire was
caused outside of the telephone office
which called for the fire department's
attention. The damage to the teleph
system put all telephones. in the citY
except those on Main street out of se
vice. Some were burned out entirely.
It is difficult to estimate the 'Enancial
loss. The street lights were out and'
large force of men seeking, for th
crossed wires were unable to find th
This li the second blow to 'the tel
phone- system within a week.
damage was done recently by the b
zard, and the company had not qui
fnished,.the work of reparing.
Will Brown, colored, was accldent-<
ally shot Monday morning at Travel
ler's Rest, Greenville county, by Mri$
Otto Evans, a merchant. Brown was ii
Mr. Evans' store and was. wo
ihile handling a pistol. The ball
tered the stomach and Inflicted a
gerous wound. Dr. Goodlett, of h
ville, was Immediately summoned
gave the injured man every atten
but it could not be learned whethe
not the wound would prove fatal.
Evans is very much distr'essed over
While her mother had gone out M
well for a bucket of water, Ethel,
three-year-old daughter of R.
Lewis, head of the card room ofm
Tucapau mills,, at Spartanburg,p
too near the fire and the flames f
the open grate set her dress on
She was fearfully burned and
the attention of several physicians,
of her injuries.
The police department of S
burg is to have a "hurry up"
This was determined at a meetin
the city council Monday afternoon.
Capt. John Adams, for 12y
keeper of the life-saving station on
Sullivan's Island, near Charleston, died
suddenly Sunday morning from natur
al causes. He was burled Monday af
ternoon from the Charleston Trinity
Methodist church. Capt. Adams was
In his 58th year.
Col. John D. Cappellmann, of C
leston, has been appointed to
himself as a member of the
visitors of the State school
deaf, dumb and blind at Ce
Capt. N. A. Walker, superi
that institution,' reports
the school to be movin
very satisfactory manner.
The friends of W. G
Jew who was shot last
Mrs. J. D. Bivens at Br
acount of alleged impr
have begun a collection
pose of further Investia
ig. Greenberg was burl
the Berith Shalom cemet
Albert White and Kit G
ed while on their way Mond
ing from Coosaw Island to the
ers mines near Beaufort in
work, were drowned by the ca
of their row boat.
Ed Mack, colored, was convicted
murder without recommendation at
Maning. Mack slew one negro with a
shotgun and tried to kill two others,.
the load wounding the second one in
the arm. Judge Klugh sentenced him
to be hanged Friday, March 31st.
The two hundred and more members
of tht: South Carolina Medical associa
tion will go to Greenville for a three
days' session April 12, 13 and 14. It
has been decided to have a banquet
after the business of the meeting is
finished, and a reception will be held
at which the delegates will meet the
citizens of Greenville. The local com
mittee is already at work preparing for
the visitors. Dr. Robert Wilson, of -
Charleston, president of the assocla- '
tion, will preside at the session. Dr.
C. B. Earle, of Greenville, Is vice-presi.
dent. . . .. ..