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PJBLISHED WEEKLY. WVINNSBORO, S. C., WEDNESDAY, MARCH 22, 1905. ESTABLISHED 1844.
Memoirs, Traditions a d History of
Rocky Mount an .Vicinity.
( Written for The 1e es and Herald
by L. M. ord.)
Col. Senf 's ave is somewhere
on what is w known as the
"Sweat Place.' The exact spot
is known to f w if any white per
sons in this c mmunity.
In the ear y part of the cen
tary Beckh ville was a place of
some note and the neighboring
men woul congregate there in
considera le crowds at.times. On
some of ese occasions an officer
from th "Establishment" would
attend, and while his fife and
drum rendered some martial
music he would solicit recruits
in th crowd. In addition to the
othelf uses Mount Dearborn was
ea r cruiting station also.
1ardby the old ruins is the
ce etery where repose the re
ri ains of several privates and one
officer. Nothing marks the graves
b>f the privates except a common
stone at the head and foot. That
of the officer is walled over with
common stone, but is without in
scription. Not even his name is
cut on it.
Tradition says the last squad
left in 1817. It is thought that
they joiLed Gen. Jaokson's forces,
who were fighting the Indians in
Southern Georgia about that
-ftime. David Reynolds went off
in this squad. Some time after
- wards he returned and reported
that he was discharged in Florida.
:. He spent the remainder of his
1life among the people on Rocky
tiJreek, and died quite an old man
After the completion of the
Santee canal in 1800, boating
from Rocky Mount to Charleston
grew to be of considerable im
portance. The farmers' produce
was carrled and their supplies
were brought back on flat boats.
Nattie and Dickie Barnett were
the noted boatmen of that day,
William Nichols was the boat
i builder and one Farrar kept a
warehouse near Rocky Mount
-ferry. This was before the day
.of steamboats and railroads.
ROCKY MoUNT CANAL.
'This canal begins above the
Lead of the falls and extends
some distmnce below Rocky Mount
ferry. Several locks were built
-on it to lower and raise the boats
at the declivities. They are splen
4id specimens of stone masonry,
and are well preserved and seem
Aingly as firm and tight as when
they were first built.
I sa indebted to Thomas Caine
for the date of the digging of
this .eaaai. He left Liverpool,
'Elanod, in 1216 and landed in
Charleston in the same year.
?Driggs and Thomas ware the.con
traCtors of the Fishing Creek
canal, whlehz they began to dig im
1817, andl Thousas Caine came up
to do, 'ir sithing. A picnie
was given at .BeekkaIVille Jtily
the 4th, 1823, to eelebrate jts
Shortly after this picnic, Joka,
McCullough, conrator, began to
dig the Rocky Miount eanal, and
completed it in the early thirties,
Thomas Caine did ~his smithing
S.lso. After this eaural ,was fn
ut hed, Thomnas Caine did the
,u'ithing for the farmers 4sjed
Bchhamville, as long ~as he va.s
aIfe to perform the labor, E~e died
-in 1 383, nearly ninety years,c4f
Abvan a mile below the roaA~
- entering the picnic ground at the
falls, a rock house was built for
the lock-keeper. The stone walls
are in good condition still; the
wood part has deecad and dis
.appeared. John McCuilLugh, con
~tractor, was the first occupa4k o~f
-~this house, Green Roberts the
second, and Bluldah Arledge and
uiher family wvere the last who lived
idt. JJnes Backstrom, the first
muli only loek-ieeper, never occu
pied it. He restdad on his own
* It ja said this canal as d
-State three hundred thousand
g$300,000) dAllars William Wall,
.Beckhamville section, used the
,entire lengthb, and Wuliam Nichols
:and ye1rry Gaither below the
:ferry, but very few boats awer
~passed through it. Shortly aftet
sita completion, the South Caro
ilina railroad reached Columbia
and the trade of this seetion was
.di.verted to that city,.and traiis
pertation was carriedl on in
'Whil.e digging the cal.t John
JEoCullough,. con tractor, was mar
nied to Miss Sallie Kingsbury at
tia mackne snom meopied bv
the family of the late William
Nichols, then by James West
brooks. John Guntharpe, Esq.,
officiated. From this union sprang
Miss Sallie McCullougb, of Co
lumbia, who produced a sensa
tiou as a vocalist in the sixties
and seventies. She married
Brignoli, an Italian tenor singer.
A few vears afterwards a divorce
was obtained. His last song in
her presence on the stage was
"Goodbye, Sweetheart, Goodbye."
This was in New York. The last
heard of Miss Sallie she was
singing in a choir in New York
and receiving a handsome salary
therefor. This was many years
In the early years of the last
century our ferry was known as
the Kinsbury ferry from the
owner and operator, John Kings
bury. He was the father of Mrs.
John McCullough and the grand
father of Sallie McCullough, the
vocalist. His residence was the
old rock house at the eastern end
of the ferry. It is told of him
that he kept his coffin under his
bed for some years before his
death. He died in 1820, and a
costly monument marks his grave
on the brow of the hill above his
Bermuda grass, or wire grass
as we call it, was first sown on
the banks of the old canal to pro
tect them agai.st the washing
rains and high river waters. From
there it has been scattered by
birds, animals and farmers until
this whole section is badly in-!
Ifested with it.
(To b3 continued.)
The Colonel's Waterico.
Colonel John M. Fuller, of
Honey Grove, Texas, nearly met
his Watetloo, from Liver and
Kidney trouble. In a recent let-1
ter, he says: "I was nearly dead,
of these complaints, and, although
I tried my family doctor, he did
me no good, so 1 got a 50c. bottle
of your great Electric Bitters,
which cured me. I consider them
the best medicine on earth. and
thank God who gave you the
knowledge to make them." Sold,
and guaranteed to cure. Dyspep
sia, Biliousness and Kidney Dis
ease, by MaMaster Co., Obear
Drug Co. and John H. McMaster
& Co., druggists, at 50c, a bottle.
Columbia Female College.
The work on the new buildings
of the Columbia Female College,
at Hyatt's is getting along sur
prisingly well. One of the large
dormitorieas is half finished and'
by the first of April it will be
under roof. The expectation is
that by the 1st of April dormi
tories to accommodate 175 pupils
will be under cover and the work
can then be pushed. The con-1
tractors have from 100 to 125
wormen on the building and are
ahead c,f their agreement in the
progress of ily sor -Columbia
Cor. News and Conrieie.
Statistics show startling mor -
tality, from a.ppendicitis and peri
tonitis. To piennt and cure
these awful diseases, these is just
one reliable remedy, Dr. KiLg~a
New Life Pills. M. Flannery. of
1 Custom House Place, Chicago,~
gvs: "-They have 'no equal for
Costj ation and Biliousness.:'
.c at .cWggr Co.'s,0bear Drug'
o.~'s ,and JQhn W.. gg?iaster &
News and goyder Enterprise.
It is understood that the N'ewa
and Courier company has closed
a contract for a new Hoe press,
which will print, when occasion
dagpan}s, 24 pages at once, fold
ing and nogipg each paper at
tho seame time. M4 yepgysitates
the purchase of far more sa.tw
sive stereotyping outfit, and ifi
addition to this the comipany la
tearing down the old and build
ing a new two-story building to
g'gg ore room in the composi-!
tro6i ad4 ;pae-up room.
Work on tGa by b'yilding be
gan this week, anid a o.g
with the Hoe Co., was complek.'i
Saturday. The press will be
,ipped at once and it is hoped
to gg in operation within
about 0 o --.. e Florence
Pneumonia Folic s aCold
but never follows the use of Foleys
Hourv and Ta1 J'r. It stops th Icoug~Ih.
h s'and stren1gth-.-n s thle lnugsan
i.os p)erfect security f'ro'n ani attack
of pneuuonia. Refuse substitutes.I
Sni by McMaster Co.
TIE COUNTY'S INDEBTEDNESS.
A Statement from flr. Hood, the
Former Supervisor, in Regard to
Some of the Expenses of the County
During the Four Years He Was in
Jr'. Editor: In justice to the
people, the county board and my
self also, I will ask space in your
paper to give a brief review of
the work (one by the board dur
ing my four years as county super
visor, in order that the people
may see just how and why the
county is so badly in debt. A
great many don't seem to under
stand why it is that the county
has gotten behind at all. Well,
I can tell.
In the first place, the present.
levy is not sufficient to meet the
current expenses any year with
no accidents or calamities. Up
to 1900 the county had an extra
levy of 1 mill to pay back
indebtedness. That one mill
amounted to $3,600 per year;
and $3,600 for five years amounts
to $18,000. So you see if I had 1
had that $18,000 to place on the
county's debts it would have
almost wiped it out. The levy
had only been off one year when
I went into office, and in that
short time the county had drifted
badly in debt. notwithstanding
the county had one of the best
financiers in Fairfield for super
visor at that time. I speak of
I will say without fear of con
tradiction that the last four years
have been four of the most dis
astrous years that the county has
ever experienced, and especially
on roads and bridLes. The first
y ear I went in office (1901) the
county lost 24 bridges that spring
by the big rains. It cost from
$100 to $400 each to place these
back, including lumber and labor.
This amount was an extra ex
pense, not including the regular
current expenses. The second
year (1902) we had something like
a cloudburst in the upper part of
the county, that tore 3 or 4 big
bridges to pieces on Little River.
It cost us about $1,000 to replace
these; and so it has been every
year since. Last . year the big
rains in the lower part of the
county washed, away 3 or 4
bridges. Besides I have built
quite a number of new bridges.
I felt this way about the matter:
it was the public money, and they
ought to have wha they really
pee4ed and asked for. The board
lways tried to grant any just
demand made by the people.
Another thing has been against
us, and that is the road tax being
put down to $1.00, which has
aused a great many to take ad
antage and pay off. Last year
ver 800 paid their road tax. TIhe
oney paid in would only put
ap] half the amount of work.
Jounting it gt tl;o loed nuber1
f days allowed by law, which~ is'
four, the dollar will only put back I
wo days. So you see we were
sort 1600 datys in the one year.
wing to 'ie heavy rains, the
oads needed more work than
sul, so the money had to comef
go qther funids.
Then, top, the phaingang e
aess'have steadily increasedfl
each year. We had a good gang]
all last year, ranging from 20 to
27 pI isoners all the year. They
Jaye 20 on at present. We
eqlippaa tpp gapp with six good I
big young mules and all tl;e Mad
acfinery necessary to do the
ork. Thle county also has 3
ood mules at the "poor house.
Now, a few words in regard to
h court expenses. 'J hey hav~e
si pep 4 heavy. We have $2,000
se a?ige icr thap debt each year,
ut the .expese Lr .epeeed tha
amogut every ypar. In 19O) the ,
epnaee were some thing over
~3,00, over 81,30 more than th,
mount appropriated for that
wrpose. Then. in November,
1903, there was an extra term
that cost the county about $800. i
There is only $1,200 set asider
~o p4g 14p pgary of mpagistratest
md costa.bes. ' It lesn1
o pay them off, so it oaa be seen a
there is a shortage here of $47.5 C
ch year. The flues collected
y them ai e very small now, noth
ing like e nough to make up the
o .1the attention oft
901 and 1902 were the fistyearsI
that smallpox made its appear
ane in our county. The p)eople
were greatly wrought up over the
~tLe gl app)ealE. to me to
aLe Op in 9.oGj R. spread of
tbis fearful d:eu I tenared
he matter to U.r. Jas. Evaus, sec
Stary of state board of health,
ad he acted so slowly. uutil I
too the matter in my own hands
and went to work to put an end
to that so dreaded disease. In
doing this I had to spend four or
five hundred dollars of th- coun
tv's money in the two years, but
I thought It better to do so than
to have thec ounty polluted with
The outside poor fund has more
than doubled in three years. It
will be recalled in 1901 the farm
ers made almost a complete fail
ure on their farms, and that fall
and the next spring the country
was in almost a destitute condi
tion. There was a move put on
foot to issue bonds to improve
the roads, jnst to give the people
employment to keep them from
starvation. The move, however,
fell through, and we pulled
through somehow. But during
that winter and spring nearly
every old person in the country,
especially among the colored peo
ple, was unloaded on the county
for aid. And right here I want
to say that the board has never
put on a person that did not come
with a petition, signed by good
white people. Of course, when
they are once put on, they stay
on until they die off.
Now, in conclusion, I wish to
say that there is no one who re
grets the county's indebtedness
any more than I do. But Icould
not help it. I had one of two
things to do: Either to leave the
work undone and let the county
go to the dogs, so to speak, or to
go ahead and do the work and
bring bid Fairfield up in line
with the other progressive coun
ties by putting her in debt. I
deemed it the best business to
keep her on foot, and that I have
tried to do. I care not who you
put in the supervisor's office or
on the county board; unless the
levy is raised, the county will
sink deeper and deepe in debt
each year. A. D. Hood.
Strikes Hidden Rocks.
When your ship of health
strikes the hidd-n rocks of Con
sumption, Pneumonia, etc., you
are lost, if you don't get help
from Dr. King's New Discovery
for Consumption. J. W. McKin
ion, of Tallauega Springs, Ala,
writes: "I had been very ill with
Pneumonia, under the care of
two doctors, but was getting no
better when I began to take Dr.
King's New Discovery. The first
lose gave relief, and one bottle
ured me." Sure cure for sore
;hroat, bronchitis, coughs and
olds. Guaranteed at McMaster
o.'s, Obear Drug Co.'s and
fohn H. McMaster & Co.'s drug
stores; price 50s. and $1.00. Trial
ow Excursion Rates to Havana, Cuba.'
On March 20th the Southern
Lailway company will operate
>ersonally conducted excursion
rom pogts in NQrth an4 South
Jarolina to Havana, Cuba, and!
eturn at the very low rate of one
are plus S$2.00 for the round trip,
vhich includes meals and berth
Tickets will be sold on March
9th to connect with steamer on
:he niuht of March 30th (abQut
.4.0 p. m.~ Ticees will bs limg
ted for return passage on any
teamer leaving Havana, Cuba,,
itil April 13th, fiQal limit of'
ickets to be April 16th.
Stop-over on return journey
yill be allowed at points iq the
onville within findl higit of tick-,
For further information as to
eservations on steamer, sched
Les, etc., address any agent,
outheru Railway, or 11. WV.
nnt, divisicon passengei qgenj,
o4thecrn Itailway, Charlestcin
Dangers of Pneumonia.
A cold at this time if neglected is
abe to cause pneumonia which is so
fteni fatal, and even when the patient
as~ recovered thlumesIU are weakened,
iaking them peculiarly susceptible to
h deviopmen~ft of conlsumpltion1. Fq,
'I ocy an(g Tar V3.iil my4f tie
a :, ea ug strengthen thie lunrga
ud prevont pnleumflOnia. La grippe
oghs yield quickly to the wondlerful
urative quraltie4 of Foley's Honey
nd Tatr. There is nothing else "just
s good." Sold by )IeMatster Coi.
When you begin to tell your,
roubles to a man he negrly
,iys iLG-rupts y'ou for ttze p4i
ose of telling you his.
A Severe Cold for Three Flonths.
The following letter from A. J. Nus
>am, of Batesville, Ind(., tells its own
tor: "I suffe.redl for three mnonths
r: i;: c 7.i. A (4rLggist pre
.aCet di'e SImeL Ize<ue(ae, and1 a physVi
in prescribe.d f.r me, yet I didi niot
m [e then tri;'d Foley's Honey
ud Tjar, and eight dloses eured mec."
efuse snutirnte.i Sold by McMaster
Spring with that nameless pathos
in the air
Which dwells with all things fair,
Spring, with her golden suns and
Its with us once again.
Out in the lonely woods the jas
Its fragrant lamps, and turns
Into a royal court with green
The banks of dark lagoons.
In the deep heart of every forest
The blood is all aglee,
And there's a look about the
As if they dreamed of flowers.
Yet still on every side we trace
Of Winter in the land,
Save where the maple reddens on
Flushed by season's down;
Or where, like those strang sem
blances we find
That age to d.ildhood bind,
The elm puts on, as if in Nature's
The brown of Autumn corn.
As yet the turf is dark, although
That, not a span below,
A thousand germs are groping
through the gloom,
And soon will burst their tomb.
Already, here and there, on
App.ar some azure gems,
Small as might deck, upon a gala
The forehead of a fay.
In gardens you may note, amid
The crocus breaking earth;
And near the snowdrop's tender
white and green,
The violet in its screen.
But many gleams and shadowe
need must pass .
Along the budding grass,
And weeks go by, before the
. enam ored South
Shall kiss the rose's mouth.
Still, there's a sense of blossoms
In the sweet airs of morn;
One almost looks to see the very
Grow purple at his feet.
At times a fragrant breeze comes
And'brings, you know not why,
A feeling as when eager crowds
Before a palace gate
Some wondrous pageant; and you
scarce would start.
If, from a beech's heart,
A blue-eyed Dryal, stepping
forth, should say,
"Behold me! 'I anm May1"
Ahl who would couple thoughts
of war and crime
With such a blessed time!
Who in the west wind's aromatic
Could hear the call of Death!
Yet not more su rely shall the
The voice of wood and brake,
Than she shall rouse, from all
her tranquil charms,
A million men to arms.
There shall be deeper hues upon
Than all her siaalit vains3
And~ every gladdening influence
Can summon from the ground.
Oh! standing on this desecrated
Methinks that I behold3
Ibiftiing her blqq4y daisies up to
Springi i.eling on the sod,
And callhng, with the voice of all,
Upon the ancient hills
To fall and crush thd tyrants and
Wh' turn her meads to graze.
lI It !.s a biIious attack take Chain
erlain's Stomach and Liver Tablets
10d a qjuick cure is certain. For sale
by Obear Drug Co.
Nothing worries a proud womaja
like the prid! of soo other wo,
Make your druggist give you Mur
rav's Horehound, Mullein and Tar.
C'tires your cough. 25c. a bottle.
tn stoasanBorre or
Op mMorphie nor)wieral.
NOT 1(ARC OTIC.
Apefect Remedy forConsp e
Hon, Sour Stomach,DiamW1iea
ness and LOSS OF SLEEP.
FacSimite Signature of
EXACT cOo ERApR.
Is the sarne
old W/ay of
goods at the
Therefore, we are not
cost. But we will sell
at prices that it will be
have bettered in this c<
R EPA IR
is a great specialty 'i
your old Furniture and
SR W. P H]
. We are glad to announce thi
than ever before'for doing all.:
and that we shall be glad to b
utay have. When needing an:
or phone us in regard to same.
All business entrusted to un
R. T. Matth
Have Your HOMEG
Prices: 1000 @ $1.50; 5000 @ $1.25
Shipped C, 0. D. if desired. P
Office in goo
WRITE FOR MERC
Cabbage, Beans, Sweet Potatoes ai
fot shipment of Tomato Plants, Sea
Potato Draws should be booked in
Jas. Ray Geraty,
Express Office: You
re a Cold in 0n
'0 qulnine Tablets.A
For Infants and Children.
The Kind You Have
as the aR i .
very -lov e
having to sell out at
impossible for you td
)unty or elseware.
!ith us. Brinig alongI
have it made as good
Lt we are now better prepared
a favored with any work you
rthing repaired bring it to us
will be promptly attended
ews & Son.
, All Varieties.
per 1000; 10,000 @ $1 per 1000.
lants arrive at your Express
Ld Turnips in Season. Orders
Island Cotton Seed and Sweet
Enterprise, S. C.
ng's Island, S. C.
iDn Tw as