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fA RED HIOT ANSWER
CoL A. B. Williams Takes Bishop
Potter Severely to Task
SOME VERY BRILLIANT ARGUMENTS
'The Editor Challenges the Slanderous
New York Bishop to a Show of
Hands as to Moral Condition of His
Diocese and the South Generally.
Bishop Potter of New York is one of
the pet superstitions of this country.
He is part of the general New York
superstition. Because New York is
big, most of us assume that any man
who becomes prominer' there must be
a very large and great man indeed.
We persistently forget that as many
fakirs, humbugs and lightweights rat
i tle and swell .around in large places
in New York as anywhere else in the
world. As for Bishop Potter, he has
said and done as many silly things as
any other old gentleman we know of.
A recent experience of his indicates
i that his manners are as bad as his
morals in some respects are defective,
his ju7dgment is bad and his arragence
extreme. Some time ago he undertook
to discuss the divorce question in a
New York newspaper. As we recollect,
he foundered around the subject a
good deal and failed absolutely to
make any definite suggestion or to in
dicate any coherent policy for his
church or legislation. In the course
of his somewhat flabby and 'charotic
remarks. however, he said that the ab
solute abolition of divorce would not
do. H'ie added: "We have an example
of what would result from such as
measure in South Carolina, where the
laws do not recognize it. Prohibiting
divorce is merely putting concubinage
at a premium." This does not im
press us as a high or a churchman
lige view. Certainly concubinage is
not at a premium anywhere in South
The editor of the Columbia (S. C.)
State wrte Bishop Potter a very re
spectful :etter, pointing out to him
that he had done the homes and peo
ple of the State serious injoisfice, re
ferring him to the bishop and clergy
of his own church in that State for
evidence and asking him to make care
ful inquiry into the facts and then
-take such steps as equity and justice
In reply the editor received a most
insolent letter from Bishop Potter, in
directly denying that he had used the
language attributed to him and de
scribing the editor's letter and article
' on the subject by Judge Benet, en
closed with it as "equally unwarranted
The editor of the State replied with
another respectful letter, in a perfect
ly proper and deferential way, taking
off the bishop's hide. He pointed out
that the offensive paragraph had been
published prominently, that Bishop
Potter did not seem fit to make any
denial or correction of an outrageous
and shameful slander against the peo
ple of a whole State and that his de
nial suggested in his oWn letter was
A as evasive as discourteous. A few days
later' Bishop Potter printed in the New
York Globe a brief statement on the
subject, in which he said he had no
apology to make to -South Carolina
and extended his slander to the people
'of the whole Sou.th. He is quoted as
"He had simply remarked that in
view of the prevalence of miscegena
tion in the South, the 'pose' of loftly
and superior virtue on the part of its
people, anywhere had in it an element
-equally comic and pathetic."
An acettsation like this cannot be
sustained or disproved by statistics or
affidavits. It can be considered only
in the light s of general and obvious
facts. Virtue is not a things of sections
or of countries. The good are good
and the bad are bad everywhere and
wherever human nature is. the affec
~' t'Ins arnd passions of men and women
stray in forbidden paths. One thing.
however, is certain and plain. That
is that the mcral tone is indefinitely
L cleaner and the social standards are
indefinitely higher in South Carolina
than in Bishop Potter's diocese. Cer
tainly' a woman divorced from her
husband and married to another man
inside of twenty-four hours would not
be received in respectable society any
where in the South. Yet a woman who
did that v'ery thing is a leader of New
York's most exalted society. Nobody
knows the seetst annals of vice; but
every obser-ver who has met and
known the people of New York and
any- Southern Sta'.e knows that in the
South vastly less filth is talked and
written than in New York. The natu
ral and inevitable presumption is that
uives in the South are very much
clenie:. The women whose conduct
andI c"nversatrion are so distinctly
loud and bad as to justify definite
criticism is tahoced in every Southern
State. Bishop Potter cannot say that
that is the case even in the highest
arnd theoretically most exclusive so
ciety of his own community.
I- would he interesting to know
wvhe~re Bishop Potter got his impres
sions5 cf the morals of the people of
the South arnd how he would go about
j ust ifying himself for circulating such
a cruel and injurious charge as that
concubinage and miscege'nation are
general in this part of the country.
The tr::h is that miscegenation in its
legal sense is impossible anywhere in
the South because it is forbidden and
scyvrely punished by law. We do
not hesitate to say that the charge
that these vices are general or even
widespread in the South is false, and
in making that assertion we will do
better than Bishop Potter. We will
effer good evidence to convict him of
falschood if he is willing to dare the
:ssue. We will pu' on the stand the
Protestant Episcopal clergy of the
wn'ie South. from bishops to dleacons.
'lhey. lyve among the people and know
them and have ample opportunity for
knwn: hir lif. We may assume
thr-t some of them. at least, are me-i
who ar no)t afraid to. tell the truth
in any circumstances or at any cost.
For Ne York, we will take th ic om.
birned evid ence of the cler, the
coutsan the newspapecrs. L ike the
editor of the State. we invite Bisho.p
i-otter to takeC the evidence. or joil
us n tkin it If it sustains his ac
csatios, we will1 (cnfess with shame,~
but fr nkly. th'at he is right. It' they
cenradict 'im. will he be willing to
confe that he has circulated an out
rageou's and infamous scandal and
s Vner e (10 not care w.hether he
atrbut'es 't to ignorance. recklessness
orm 'ie or to a mixture of the
the.If he crades a simple and hon
's aike this, he will stand convict
ed ot h'aving disgraced himself by a
wholesale slander unworthy or a gen
theman and of having brought shame
and injury upon his own church. 'so
far as his jurisdiction extends.-Rich
mand Nw& Leader.
FIRST CROP BULLETIN
First Report of the Opening Season
Issued by the Department.
During both January and February
the temperature was persistently low
and unfavorable for the growth of win
ter grains or of truck, but with the al
vent of March the coinditions improved
rapidly and the latter part of March
was warmer than usual and stimulat
ed the rapid growth of all forms of ve;
itation. The month was unusually free
from frost, only one heavy frost and
two light ones having been generally
noted, and none of these were damag- 1
ing. During the last week, day tern
perature of above 80 degrees was com
The precipitation was below normal
during January and about normal dur
ing Fel ruary, and was deficient during
March. In the first of the year the
conditions under which the precipita
tion occurred and that portion in the
form of snow and ice, melting as it
did slowly, were conducive to the re
tention of practically all the precipita
tion that fell, and the soil was well
supplied with moisture. but the absence
of ra-in during the second half o!
March rendered the soil dry in places:
on clay lands it became baked anel
hard. In most places and on all kin'is
of upland soil the ground was in good
condition for tillage.
Plowing, and in general, the prepa
ration of lands made rapid progress
during the second half of March and
are tt this date as well advanced as
Upland corn planting is nearly finish
ed in the eastern counties and has be
gun in the western ones. with some
corn already up in the former regions.
While a few fields of cotton have been
planted in the southeastern counties.
this work is not really under way, and
the preparations of lands are scarcely
half finished. Other spring crops have
been planted in the earlier portions of
the State. Rice planting has been be
gun in the Colleton districts. Gardens
are either plantef or ready to plant.
Wheat and oats made a fair growni
during the last week and where fall
sown oats were not winter-killed they
look promising. The damage from!
winter killing was considerable in parts
of the State and very slight in other
parts. There was a large acreage o!
spring oats sown and some spring
wheat. Both are coming up nicely.
Tobacco plants are of fair size in the
beds. Truck did well during March,
with lettuce and radishes being ship
ped and peas almost ready to market.
Fruit trees of all kinds are in bloom.
and the indications at this time are fa
vorable for a large fruit crop.
A Hospital For Georgetown.
Georgetown. Special.-A syndicate
composed of the medical fraternity of
the city has been organized for the
purpose of establishing an infirmary
ere to be known as the Georgetown in
firmary. A site has been secured for
the erection of the buildings and all
plans have been perfected to make
it one of- the most complete and mod
ern in this part cf the country. A
hospital is something that has been
much needed here for a long time and
several times in the near past steps
were taken to endeavor to establish
one, but without result. The one now
under contemplation is practically as
sured and will probably be in full op
eration by early fall at the latest. The
offiers of the Georgeton Infirmary
company are as follows: President, Dr.
M. P. Moore: vice president. Dr. W. E.
Sparkman; treasurer. Dr. L. B. Sal
ters. secretary, Dr. H. D. Beckman;
superintendent, Dr. Win. M. Gallard.
Presidential Tour Begins.
Washington, Special.-With cheers
and good wishes resounding through
the Pennsylvania Railroad station.
President Roosevelt left at 9:45 a. nm.
Monday on a special train for a trip
through the Southwest. The special
train. which is one of the finest the
Pennsylvania Railroad has ever sent
out of Washington. consists of three
cars. the President's private car. Rock
et, the Pullman sleeper. Forest. and
the combination baggage and buffet
car. Viceroy. The train is handsome-:
ly fitted and contains every know?: ap
piance to insure the comfort and saf
ety of the passengers.
Russians Report a Capture.
St. Petersburg. By Cable.-Generall
Linevitch in a dispatch dated April 2,
says: "The situation remains unchang
ed. A Russian patrol during the night
of. March 27 surrounded a Japanese
patrol consisting of six dragoons, in
the village of Baicbanchentse. on tne
extreme Russian leAt. Five of the Jap
anese were killed. A sergeant was
Off For Viadvostock.
St. Petersburg. By Cable.-A letter
from Vice Admiral Rojestvensky to his
wife, which has just been received
here, indicates that the departure of
the second Pacific squadren from .Iada
gascar waters is fineal, and that it is
now on the way to Vladivostock. In the
letter, the admiral wrote that the rail
ing of the squadron had been fixed for
March 19. but naturally he avoided
mention of the route which it was in
tended to follow on tne voyage east
ward. The admiralty admitted this de
terination on the part of the admi
ralty to order Rojcstvensky to proceed
for the Far East- -
To Attempt a Freak.
Richmond, Special.-General Fitz
hugh Lee, president of the Jamnestowi
Exposition company. announces thai
an effort will be made to have the re
mains of Pocahontas, the Indian prin
cess, daughter of Powhatan, brough:
from Gra% esend, England. where the:.
now lie, for re-interment in the olk
Janesown. churchyard during the pe
riodl of the Jamestovwn tri-centennial
Pen::a-oa. Vla.-A gang of counter'
feitrs. v:ho have been operating for
scoe wecks. have been ec.'ught by the~
nolice court and United States autho:
ies and are now in jail. The mn
ar all residecnts of this place. The
picc also captured the mo~i:s. which
wee cof plaster of Para'. The molhl
wre made to east dimes. quarters, dol
lars and ten-dollar gold pieces.: A
large amount of the money has been
placed in circulation and it is a very
Many Newsy Items Gathered From
General Cotton Market.
Galveston. quiet ............7 11-16
New Orleans. steady ............
Mobile, steady ................
Savannah. steady ...............-5/
Charleston. steady .............---- s
Norfolk, steady ................. '
Baltimore. normal .............
New York, quiet ..............8.05
Boston, quiet .................8.05
Philadclphia. quiet ...............8.30
Houston, quiet .............-7 11-16
Augusta, steady ...............7%
Memphis, steady ..............7%
St. Louis, steady ...............7%
Louisville, firm ...............- - -
Charlotte Cotton Market.
These figures represent prices paid
Strict good middling ..........
Good middling ...............--7
Strict middling ..-................7
Middling ......... ........... 7%
inges ..................6% to 7%
:tains ...... ............71/2 to 6%
Marion. Special.-The preliminary
hearing of H. Hayes. charged with ar
son. was held and resulted in his re
ease. Hayes, it will be remembered.
is the white man who was arrested
ere last week charged with burning
his meat market and Mr. A. L. Camp
bell's store. Mr. H. J. Holloway from
).he comptroller's office, who worked
up the case against Hayes, and who
swore out the warrant against him,
was here today to attend the hearing
before Magistrate Oliver. who issued
the warrent. Hayes was represented
by Messrs J. W. Johnson and J. H.
Evans, and the State by the town's
attorney, Mr. W. F. Stackhouse. The
hearing cousumed the greater part of
The Pickens Teachers.
Pickens. Special.-Pickens county
teachers will attend the State Summer
school at Clemson colege this sum
mer. In order to arrive at the pleas
ure of the teachers in the matter,
County Superintendent of Education
Hallum sent out a circular letter. Re
plies have been received from all the
leading teachers of the county and
about 95 per cent. of them favor going
to Clemson. Judging from the num
ber of favorable replies received the
indications are that there will be the
same number of Pickens teachers in
attendance at Clemson as usually at
tended in the county school.
Magnolia, Special.-Jack "Boss" and
Claude Simpson. brothers, white, are
"on the wing," being charged with as
sault with a deadly 'weapon, assault
and battery (in another case) of a high
and aggravated nature and carrying
unlawful weapons. Tom Taylor. col
ored, charged with assault and battery
with a deadly weapon-a razor-is
hiding out. He attempted to murder
Levi English, colored, a few days ago,
severing one ear from the head and in
flicting an ugly gash in his neck. Eng
lish has the reputation of being a very
inoffensive and peaceable man. These
futigives will be captured if possible.
The Darlingtonl Trust company was
gIven a charter last week. The capi
tal stock will be $200,000. The offiers
are: R. Keith Dargan, president; E.
Keith Darhan, vice president and gen
eral counsel; A. Watchman, second
vice president; E. C. Lide, secretary
and treasurer. The active directors
are the gentlemen abcve named and
the following: W. S. Gibson, R. G.
Rhett. W. F. Stevenson and A. C.
Coggeshall. The advisory board conl
sists of S. Wolfram, G. K. King, A.
G. Kollock, W. A. Dowling, A. L. Flow.
ers 0. J. Sands, W. F. Early, J. A.
Weinberg, W. F. Dargan, D. D. Witt
cover, W. 'P. DuBose and R. F. Howie.
The Charleston Billiard and Bowling
association, capitalization $1,000, was
The News Publishing company of
Flrence seeks to be incorporated.
Capital stock will be $3.000. Corpora
tors: P. S. Jeffers, WV. M. Waters and
Dr. F. H. M~cLeod.
i'istriaI in Peonage Cases.
Charleston, S. C.. Special.-After be
ing out all night, a Federal Court jury
reported inability to reach a verdict
in the peonage case involving Italian
labor contractors, who were chargee
with holding employes in involuntary
srviude. .Judge Brawvley ordered a
mistrial recorded, and dismissed the
uv. This is the first case in the South
in wvhich it was charged that white
men were held as peons.
Brakeman Kills Conductor.
CharlestOn. Special.-A, special from~
Orangeburg says that Conductor Char
les Oliver, of the Southern railway. in
charge of a freight train at Stilton.
three miles from this place, was killed
aout 4 o'clock Thursday afternoon by
Brakeman Mickel. The Brakeman
walked tOoOrangeburg to give himself
up. He stated that Oliver assaulted
hm without cause and stabbed him it
the shoulder. Picking up an iron bar
Mickel threw it and struck Oliver ir
the head, the blow crushing the skull
Oiver was a man of thirty years o:
ae and leaves a family.
Peaches May Not be Killed.
Gainesville, Ga., Special.-Opiions
differ as to whether the peach crop!
were killed or not. There was thE
heaviest frost Friday morning morning
seen here in a long time, and there
was considerable ice in various local
tes. Garden truck in some mnstance:
was damaged badly. The thermome
tr rgstredl 31 degrees at the low
et. It is not yet known positivelU
tat the peaches were killed. thougl
tey are more or less injured.
Fakedl Money Orders.
Birminghm. Ala.. Speial.-W. A
Roclwll. a young man in the count.
jal on the charge- of grand larceny
trred to raake $500 bond with a forget
mnony order for small amounts fron
a(listat State. and these were so tam
pered with as to make their aggregat
I $0. He waited until the money cr
de department at the postoffice ha
been closed and presented them to .l
ofcers as his bond. Suspicion wa:
arused and the postoffice inspector:
were put on the case. He is now helt
on two charges.
Glo'ifying God in Our Recreations.
1 Cor. 10::31; Ps. 16:5-11.
It is precisely as necessary to
play "to the glory of God" as to work
for His glory (1Cor. 10:31).
It 'is not a favored few whose lines
are fallen in pleasant places, but all
Christians can say that, in whatever
place they may be (Ps. .6:).
The secret of a glad heart (Ps. 1G:
9) is a present God (Fs. 16:8). There
is no other secret.
hi God's presence is fulness of
joy. Absolutely no true pleasure is
omitted from the Christian life (Ps.
God is the Creator; of course he
takes an interest in our re-creatior.s.
It is not a re-creation unless it re
creates us-restores our energy, our
health of body and of mind.
The test of any sport, and a suffic
ient test, is this: can I readily think
of Jesus as engagiag in it with me?
If our sports are to re-create us,
we must plan them as carefully and
as prayerfully as our work.
As the best rest of one set of
muscles is often to use another set
of muscles. so often the best rest
from one kind of work is to turn to
another and very different kind.
Are our recreations the high lights
in our life pictures? There is noth
iag that the painter so carefully
studies as the high ligh.ts.
We can learn many lessons from
what we may reverently call God's
recreaiions in nature-the colors of
flowers, the songs of birds, the
splendors of sunsets.
Hearty laughter at one's meals will
do more to ward off dyspepsia than
all the doctor's pills; it is as good a
specific against spiritual dyspepsia.
Am I taking my recreations at hap
Am I selfish in my sports, or do I
play for God's glory?
What is the unconscious aim of my
Oh, there is a thrill in the joy of
doing good. It is the most magnifi
ent recreation to which a man can
aver put his hand, his head, or his
I John Wesley's mother once wrote
to him in college: "Would you. judge
>f the lawfulness or !he unlawfulness
of a pleasure, take this rule: what
Iver weakens your reason, impairs
the tenderness of your conscience,
>bscures your sense of God, o' takes
>ff the relish of spiritual things;
whatever increases the authority of
Iour body over your mind-that thing
.o you is sin."
Christians can sometimes do more
)y shining for God than by speaking
'o Him.-Andrew Bonar.
[PMOflT LEGUE LESSONS
Glrifying God in Our Recreations.
Pea. 16. 5-11; 1 Cor. 10. 31.
This psalm Is a beautiful psalm 'of
trust and confidence In God, express
ing the delights and pleasure~ of re
ligion. The "lines had fallen in pleas
ant places," the place in which he
lived was "a godly heritage." His
heart 'was "glad," his glory "re
joiced." In God's presence was "ful
ness of joy" and "pleasures for ever
more." Even to the Old Testament
saint there was nothing gloomy or
sad about religion. He found joy and
gladness in the service of God. His
recreation was in new and diversi
fed service for Jehovah. 'i ie verse
from Corinthians i a summary 0of
duties from the preceding verses
which ought to be read in coinectiton
with this one, a principle 'vdtich will
guide rightly our pleasures and rec
rain;to make eating, dirinking,
playngandvacation all glo:lify God
and honor our piety. Tested by this
standard we can easily determine
what is right or wrong in our amuse
INothing is more abused than the
word 'recreation." Recreation is re
creation. To call sports that kill, and
amusements that degrade and alien
ate from Christ, recreation, is a
misnomer and a lie, Nothing Is
"recreation" that does not rest and
re-create arid quicken body and mind.
Those things which defile and fag
mind and body are injurioust and not
recreative. Vacation should be help
Iful and bring one back to better work.
Only that kind can glorify God. Va
cation is n'ot a.release from Christian
responsibility. Play, fun, and frolic
are designated to help) and not hind
er. These things may be made to
glorify God as well as praying and
singing hymns. There is nothing in
Ireal recreation but what will be hon
orable and helpful to the saint. What
are the conditions of glorifying God
in our recreations?
That They Be Clean. There are
taints upon some sports wh'ich render
thenm dangerous and questionable.
There are others which give life to
the body and rest to the mind. John
Wesley's mother wrote hirni when in
school: "Would you judge the lawful
ness or unlawfulness of any pleasure?
Whatever weakens your reason, im
Ipairs the tenderness of your consci
ence, obsc'ures your sense o)f God, or
takes away your relish cf spiritual
things, is sin to y-ou, however inno
cent it may be to others." Select
those recreations that are clean and
pure if you would glorify God.
I Won Each Time.
About thirty years ago a remark
'Iable het was made between Capt. M
a racing celebrity, and another offi
cer who wns r.oted for his activity.
Capt. M- bet $5') that his fellow Of
fleer would not hop up a certain flght
of stairs "two at a time."
The ofier was taken. but, as therE
were forty-One steps in the flight, hc
foud, fte taingtwenty hops. thai
'e was left only one step to negotiate
andl had lost. He accused Capt. M
of sharp practice. but the latter re
"Well. I'll wager you another .'50
I dO it."
The officer, thinking to get baci
i s money. again accepted.
Capt. M- then hopped 1:p fort:
steps in twenty hops. and. hoppiing
ack one, finished by going up thi
a two steps, and won.
THE SUNDAY SCHOOL
INTERNATiONAL LESSON COMMENTS
FOR APRIL 16.
Suject: The Supper at Bethany, Jbn
xii., 1-11-Golden Text, Mark xiv.. 8
Memory Verse. a, 3-Commentary ou
the Da3's Lesson.
I. Jesus entertained at Bethany (vs.
1. 2). 1. "Six days before the pass
over." Six days before His crucitix
ion. lie prob.Ibly reachd Bethany
about the beginning of the sabbath. as
the Jews reckoned from 3unset to sun
syt. "Bethany."' Bethany means
'House of Dates," or "House of Com
fort." It was a village beautifully sit
uated about two miles soutneast of
Jerusalem 6n the eastern slope of the
mount of Olives.' It was often visited
by Christ. "Where Lazarus was." It
may have been in honor of his restora
tion to life that this supper was given,
and in gratitude for it that our Lord
was anointed. 2. "fade Him a sup
per." In the house of Simon the leper
(MIatt. 26:6). This man had evidently
been a leper. and had probably been
cured by Jesus. According to a tradi
tion Simon was the father of Lazarus;
according to others he was the husband
of Martha, ow 31artha was his-widow.
"MIartha served." etc. It is clear that
the family of Bethany were in all re
spects the central figure at this enter
taiinient. 1artha seems to have had
the entire supervision of the feast. and
the risen Lazarus was almost as much
an object of curiosity a- .Tesus Him
self. In short, so many thronged te,
see Lazarus. that the iniracle whIch
had been performed on his l)ehal f
caused many to believe on Jesus. "Laz
anus at the table." The supper w
probably the next day after Jesus' ar
rival, after the close of the Jewish
II. M1ary anoints the Savior (v. 3.
. "A pound." This was a Roman
pound of twelve ounces. "Ointment."
By the ointment we are to understand
rather a liquid perfume than what we
commonly know as ointment: "Spike
nard." A aromatic herb imported from
Arabia and India. "Very costly." It
was worth three hundred pence or
denarii, silver coins worth fifteen to
seventeen cents each: hence the oint
ment was worth betveen forty-five
and fifty dollars. This would be
equivalent to ten times that amount
at the present time. "Anointed the
feet." The perfume was an alabnster
bottle, or flask, which was made with
a long niarrow neck. MIark says "she
brake the box," or the neck of tile
flask. The seal which kept the per
fume from evaporating had never
been removed: it was on this oc-easion
first optned. MIatthew says she poused
it on His head. There is manifestly
neither contradiction nor divergence
here between the evangelists. Mary
poured the ointment over His head and
then over His feet. John notices the
anointing of the feet. not only as the
act of greatest humility and the mnarki
of deepest veneration, but from its un
usual character, while anointing the
head was not so uncommon. She who
had so often sat at His feet. now
anoints them. and alike for love. rev
erence and fellowship of His suffer
ings, will not wipe them but with her
hair. The anointing shows her faith
in Christ and her love for Christ.
"Wiped His feet." She took "woman's
chief ornament" and devoted it to
wiping the travel-stained feet of her
Lord. It was the utmost possible ex
pression of her love and devotion.
"House was filled." The house was
filled with the odor of the ointment.
and to-day the church and the world
are filled with heavenly fragrance
whenever loving deeds are performed
III. The hypocrisy of Judas rebuked
4. "Judas Iscariot." JTudas began
to find fault at what he called a waste.
His mutterings convinced songe of tile
other disciples, so that they joined
with him In the condemnation of the
act. Whenever there is an act of
splendid self-forgetfulness there is al
ways a JIudas to sneer and murmur at
it. 5. "Given to the poor." Mark
says they murmured against the wom
an, and their words and manner were
also a reflection on Christ Himself,
because He had permitted it to occur.
U. "A thief." Judas was bad at
heart; he was playing the hypocrite.
"The bag." The cash-box in which the
funds of the small company wvere kept.
"And bare." etc. Not bare it ott by
theft, though that he did: but simply
had charge of its contents as treas
uer. T. "Let her alone." Christ was
indignant at the hypocrisy which made
at pretended consideration of the poor
an excuse for attacking gnd condenmn
ing an act of love toward hIlmself.
"gainst the day of 317 burying.' It
is not for nothing. as your reproaches
suggest, that she has poured forth
this perlfumfle. She has embalmed Mie
S. 'The poor always." This act of
MIary's will not interfere with your'
care for the poor. You can do good
I to thuem at any time. "MIe not ahl~vs."
Christ's bodily presence was about to
he removed from thmem. W\hat thley
did for Him must be done quickly.
IV. Curiosity and conspirac'y (vs.
-11). 9. "Of the J1ews." John, who
was a Galilean, often gives the title
of JTews to those whlo were inhabitants
of Jerusalem. "Knew that Hie wyas
there." Large earavans would be comi
ing up for the Passover from all por'
Itions of the comitry, and the news
would spreadl quickly thlrough the
sifting crowds that Jesus and Latz
arus were in Bethany. The r'esulit was
that many of them believed. -30.
"azarus also to death." As long as
he lived, they satw an incontestable
proof of the divine power of Christ.
1. "Believed." The resurrection of
Lazarus c'onvinced many that Jesus
was the MIcssiah
In Common Things.
Sek rot afar for beauty. Lo! it glows
In do'w- wet grasses all about thy fee'.:
In birds. In sunshine, childish faces
In stars. andl mountain summits topped
o not abroad for harpiness. For. see.
It is a ntowe':' that bI'scrs by th
E frinu t.'v-' and juistie home: and then
no mor -
Thu'it uoier in what dwelling .jo:. may
Di' am not of nobi serv.ice elsewh.'rt
.uty.tbt awaits thy handi
L'!'C~ fi e'' i-s bulia aU thatsa
I.oo fr uod, and fancy liim ec
Put it. - arth' common things lI
Whih- amn tIi.wers and suars i:
Th marna. 'nan '- k. the city bright
Tfhat a'Vm bev\ :: the stars fo'r long
Is onyiv h'nman godnes in the skios.
Iahs 'd teds. w ell donc- glow into heav'
enly lih. --31inot J. Savage.
'The greatest sorroWw ay be but a
small price to pay for enlarged sym
TOPICS OF INTEREST TO THE PLANTE1
The Peach Tree Borer. r
Recently we have received a number
of inquiries regarding the peach tree
borers-an insect that in one of its
stages bores into the lower part of the
stem of the peach tree and which in so
operating does a great deal of harm.
The creature which thus appears is
a species of moth, Sannina exitiosa,
and the fact that it is so in possession
of the tree may be known by the large
quantities of gum exuded. Every tree
thus affected should be suspected to be
in the service of this enemy.
The moth to be held responsible for
the business "appears most numerous
ly in August and September." The
female is "of a steel blue color, with
a bright yellow band about the middle
of the body. The male is of a grayish
"Unlike most moths, both sexes have
the wings more or less transparent;
this gives them a close resemblance
to certain wasps, and such is especially
the case with the male. The re
semblance is rendered all the more
striking by the fact that these moths
fly in the hottest days of summer."
The mating and laying of eggs may
be assumed to be in progress soon
after the moths are about; the eggs
being. as indicated, getting deposited
"-on the trunks of the trees at, or near,
the surface of the ground. Within a
week the eggs hatch into small white
caterpillars, which at once bore in
through the bark to eat out the inner
bark and sap-wood." Here they stay
until full grown, doing much damage
to the tree-in fact, killing thousands
of trees every year.
Most of these borers reach full
growth in the spring after they are
hatched. They, the larvae, leave the
tree when they are full grown and spin
cocoons "*under the surface of the earth
and within an inch or two of the stem
of the tree.
"During the summer one may easily
find the cocoons by searching for them
in the guru and earth around the bases
of the stems. They are a little over an
inch in length, and are usually covered
with bits of dirt. chips and the like."
Soon the larvae becomes a pupa,. and
in two weeks the moth appears and
the life-story repeats itself.
How is this enemy of the peach tree
most successfully fought? It is soon
after being hatched inside the bark,
and so is beyond the reach of poisonous
applications by spraying. Experience
says that the moths must be kept from
the trees. for if not they will act in
accordance with their instincts, and
then the borers are to be destroyed
while thef are in the trees.
This means that worming by hand
has to be done, and so with all the nec
essary care, if the object sought is to
be really accomplished. In the present
part of the job the "earth is removed
to a depth of two or three inches. The
gum wideh is thus exposed is scraped
away with a knife, and the injured
bark cut off at the burrows. In these
burrows the larvae must be found and
llled. They are stout bodied, with
distinct, brownish-yellow heads."
It is necessary for a desirable out
come that 'the person entering upon
this work should be Instructed in every
detail. A stout knife Is needed. Some
times it is found well "to have a short
piece of strong wire by means of which
the larvae are reached when they are
so deep in their burrows as to be out
of reach of the knife."
That no unnecessary work may be
done, it is to be noted that "there ar@
certain very slender, white worms,
which are often found in the gum
oozing from the base of injured trees."
These are not the larvae of the peach
tree borer. The slender white worms
seen under these circumstances in no
way injure the trees. To give any
time to killing them is wasteful.
TIhe lpeach tree borer may most ad
vantageously be attacked any time dur
ing winter. The mon&h of March is
regarded by many as th Dest month
for the purpose. Some of the leading
growers of peaches "prefer to' worm
twice each year." They thus get many
of the borers before these have had
time to do much damage. "This is, of
course, an advanta~ge, but if trees are
wormed once thoro~ughly each winter
and kept mounded during the summer,
one worming will usually be suf
Regarding the devices introduced to
prevent the moths from laying eggs, it
is thought t..at though there may be
merit among these devices, it yet is ad
vised that the principal dependence
be still "upon a thorough yearly sys
ten of worming by hand and mound
And now as to this mounding part.
The instruction is that "after the trees
have been wormed in late winter, earth
should be banked up against the stems
to a height of four or six inches above
the level of the ground.
"Tis compels the moths to lay their
eggs high on the trunks, where the
lavae can be reached when the tinme
comes for worming. About Thanksgiv
ing Day the mound is removed, as all
eggs have then been deposited, and by
If you would knock a stubborn mnan
Idown instead of stopping to argue with
him you would save a lot of wind and
much valuable time.
When you hear of people who fairly
blaze with diamonds you may rest as.
sured that they are not going to set
the world on fire.
The government has decided to push
the rebate cases against the Santa Fe
Gave Drug Store Monopoly.
The people of Milton, Vt., are now
buying their liquors at one place for
a time. A fire in the drug store which
holds the only other license in town
made removal necessary, and change
of location under the law invalidated
the license, another of which cannot
be issued without three w.eeks' adver
A man hardly ever knows enough to
pretend to think his wife knows more
than she Anoe
IRM '- fUES
S STOCKFM N A Mr. TRUCK GA, MiER.
emoving the mound the larvae are left
xposed to the rigors of the winter.
Chen when the trees are wormed again
n late winter the mounds are replaced.
7hus the trees are kept mounded from
darch to late in November, and not
nounded from December to March, be
ng wormed during February or
This is the sort of work that requires
atchful intelligence, the sort which
nore or less will pay best in farming.
-Home and Farm.
Budding and Grafting.
There are very apt to be times when
t would be to the interest of every
ood farmer to know how to bud and
The doing of these things is simple
mough when once one has seen them
lone by a person who really knows
iow. More help can be given in such
ases by one object lesson than by
nany lessons furnished otherwise, and
ience our advice to those who would
)est and most assuredly be Informed
*egarding these affairs is to go to.'
mrsery and see &he work done.
The principle to be observed in both
>udding and grafting is substantially
:he same. The idea is to so place the
>arts to be joined that the one, is
losely fitted to the'other and so to be
ield by tying or otherwise until the
>arts thus brought together become
mnited into one growth.
The ordinary play of the air should
ye excluded until a union betweeir the
)arts sought to be joined has actually
In budding a bud is transferred from
me tree to another. This is done when
he bark on the tree Trom which the
>ud is transferred and that to which it
s taken will separate from the wood
eel, as it is said.
A sharp knife-there are knives mad#
!or the purpose-to do nice cutting is
equired to open the way to where the
Jud is to .be inserted, and also in re
noving the bud from its place of origin;
After the bud is inserted in its new
lace, the bark raised in giving it ad
nission is brought caiefully and closely
round it, taking care that the bud pro
rudes above the tying.
There are many different kinds of
ng, side-grafting, inlaying, cleft-graft.
ng. bark-grafting, lierbaceous-graf-ting
eed-grafting, cutting-grafting, inareh
And then the grifter uses what iS
ommonly termed wax in this service.
is is a mixture variously ipade, the
bject of which is to cover ip and'ms
ielp the grafts.
Whatever the kind of grafting, it iS
ilways required that bark must be
loined to bark and young wood tli
Thus when a scion is joined to 4
ranch of tree larger than itself, it ii
1ecessary to insert it on one side of the
Though grafting has to be of variouS
tinds to meet the many different re
uirements that appear, the rule standS
that growths of corresponding " age
must be brought together and kept to
rether If there is to be success in the.
And then we know that some kinds
f plants can be Induced to form per
ect unions in this way and some canl.
aot. Plants have their affinities and
Exed antagonisms much as have ani
sals.-Home and Farm.
Sunlight N~eed by Fruit.
It is impossible for good fruit to ~
,roduced and well colored unless the
rees-body, branches and leaves-as
aell as the ground surrounding them
se fully exposed to tige sunlight. Every
rchard should be carefully gone over
?ach year and judiciously pruned, so
"iat air and light will be admitted.
oo much top should not be left to
nduce overbearing; this obviates the
ecessity of cutting away large branch
s and adds materially in procuring
irst-class fruit. - Southern Fruit
Plowing and Spraying. - -
A Missouri fruit grower in a talk be
ore horticulturists said he plowed his
rchard four times each year. and he
~prayd his trees about the same num
>er of times. If any weeds grew in the
rchard he mowed them down before
they form their seed and lets them rot
n the land. He realizes large profits
rom his fruits.
Parkman's Deed of Justiee.
A story is told about Francis Park
man, the historian, which shows that
n spite of impaired eyesight he was
:iot blind to injustice. A friend met
rm walking along the street, holding
:wo street boys by their coat collars.
n rply to his friend's request for an
xplanation Parkman replied: "I found
:his boy had eaten an apple without
lividing with his little brother. Now,
'm going to buy one for the little boy,
id make the big one look on while ha
Af ter reading this !ncident, we should
yxpect fairness of treatment in Park
nan's histories.--St. Nicholas.
News of the Day.
The American Board of Commission
ers for Foreign Missions -decided to
accept Mr. Rockefeller's gift of $100,
000, but postponed final action for two
Attorney-General Hadley began pro
ceedings in the Supreme Court of Mis
souri to cancel the franchises of the
Standard Oil Company in that State.
The directors of the Pennsylvania
Railroad Company decided to issue
$100,000 of 3 1-2 per cent. bonds.
Trustees of the University of Penn
sylvania announced that there would
be a full investigation of" the Hil
Mr. William H. Hammond. one of
he most prominent real estate men
of Boston. committtu suicide at the
Hotel Astor, New York.
The Czar is still said to hold out
against peace, andl *s credited with
saying: "If I have to sign a peace
treaty I cannot remain Czar." Other
information, however, is to the effect
that Russia has opened the way for
negotiations by specifyin9 what she