Newspaper Page Text
NEWS AND H ERALD
\VINNSBORO PRINTING Co.
J. FRA.K FOOS il1., --t:r.a
TERMS. IN ADVANCE:
One Year .................- .- - .-- -
Six M onths .........----.-- .---- --- --.
WINNT3ORO, S. C.
Wednesday, April 26, I95
Mr. H. L. Watson, forimer edil
tor of the Greenwood Index., has
assumed editorial control of ti.
Spartanburg Daily lerah., whichi
was recently purchased by Mr.
A. E. Gonzales, of Col umb'ia.
Mr. Watson's editorial brethren
gladly welcome him back into
their ranks. The Heral is sure
to prosper under his manage
Mr. A. C. Jones, who has an
nounced himself as a caudidate
for governor in the pril-ary of
1906, has sent us his piatform
with the request that we publish
the same. However, wo shall
hold it for a few months as it may
be that he will withdraw from
the race or make changes therein
in the meantime. He is just a
little too previous.
We- have received an inquiry
from the industrial department
of the Southern Railway Company
in regard to the possible supply
of dogwood, persimmon, and
similar woods in Fairtieki county
that can be used in the manu
facture of bobbins and shuttles.
If such woods are to be had in
this county in suflicent quantity
to be shipped, we would be very
glad indeed to assist parties hav
ing such to find a market for the
The disclosures that are being
made in the management of the
New York Equitable are likely to
prove a blessing in disguise to
the policy holders in all insurance
companies. The question simply
resolves itself into this; if the
Equitable can accumulate such a
large surplus under its extrava
gant management, why is it that
life insurance is so high? Lower
rates of insurance is the answer
that is sure to come.
The .,: for holding district
insteaa d county summer schools
for teachers is sure to prove most
advantageous to the educational
interest of the State. Better
faculties can be secured and bet
ter facilities for carrying on the
work. Then there is an addit
ional gain in bringing a larger
number of teachers together,
thus increasing their professional
spirit through the acquaintanc2
with each other. This is the
plan we suggested two years ago .
when the county summer school
with three or four exceptions
seemed to be worn to a frazzle.
If the recommendation of the
Southern Wholesale (Grocers'
association that cotton ba.gs take
the place of burlap for gri>, rice,
grain, salt, cement, etc., is adopt
ed by the people of the Southi,
there will be created an addi
tional demand for cotton that
will largely offset the cry of over
production. No effort should be
spared on the part of the people
of the South to use cotton for
every prpose for whih it is
adapted. Wherever possible it
must be made to take the place
of foreign products in the manu
facture of various articles and it
must be made to serve new ur
poses. Even if the ieufacturedC
article from cotton be. highe:
priced than that from othe:
sources, it will pay the peCople o0
the South to insist on thiatad
from their leading stap!r. Thi
will be as it were an aviie
ment of their princlpal eron)
And it never fails to payV to a
A number of our county ex
changes contain the intere stini
information that the stores in1
their towns will begin closing
6 p. m. with the exception
Saturday, on 31ay the ist an
continue the early closing hioui.
until September the 1st. Th:r
is wisdom in this action on te
part of the business men in th -s
various towns in giving~ their
clerks an opportunity to getfrs
air and exercise late in the siter
noon and thus increase thi
vitality and wvorking capacity
during the day. We can see io
reason why the business mn
Winnsboro cannot start the 'ri
closing the first of May, as i h
case in so many other tmw -.
instead of waiting until Junei
do so. We~ have forudfro
actual test with the force inor
oficee that working a reauarle
number of hours per day 6
better returns than workinr al
day without any oppoit!unlt :x
fresh air and exer'cise. Tue
same principle must of necesit
hold good in other lines Of work.
Col. Simpson, presidcen: ofth
board of trustees of C.2msor'
has given out a statement in
Urd to the sale of fertilizer ti
s this srason. The amount $
e .iVed1 in 905 to date is $125, e
Sant 101,609 to the same e
late jahst year. Of the amount p
eCeie tiis year $19,413.75 was e
or the tax on cotton seed meal fi
or feeig purposes, making the
ale of tigs for fertilizers $105,- s
.1 Last year tags were re- c
leeiel to the amount of $10,000. 1
o. Simnpson estimates that the C
e"deemrd tags for 1905 will F
,mount to at least S30.000. if
ie redemption of tags is so large,
I simply means that the sale of
11s for(:ertilizer in 1905 is $75,- c
id) against 895,000 in 1904 s
hse fIigurCs clearly show that a
h a wonderful difference u
etween the sale of tags which c
S rdeemed and the sale of
rti r / They also suggest the! t
ecessity for some regulation that 3
Iii nt the sale of tags. That c
s, the amount of tags redeemed a
nulst be in proportion to the sale of
ertilizers. As it is at present e
With no limit upon the sale of, c
ags, a positive injustice can be i
loLe tLe farners in this State in a
making it appear that the amount t
-if fLrtilizer that is used is much
[arger than it is. C
It is getting about the season
f the year when fruit tree agents
begin to swarm over the country.
t is a well known fact they that
tis;ually deiiand 3 to 5 times the
price of the trees where bought
l lots of moderatr size. It will
be recalied that last fall we
elped a vumber in this county
to get their fruit trees at actual
ost. It is our purpose to do
likewise this year, only on a
niich larger scale. Fall announce
mients as to varieties, prices, etc.,
will be made at an early day and
it will pa; all who are interested
in having fruit for the home or
the markI.et to wait these an
InuuCements. Our only purpose
in giving our services in this
matter is to make it possible for
Yerv home to be supplied with
Eruit and to encourage Fairfield
farmers to raise fruit for the
market. The only possible way
for building up such an industry
s through co-operation. This
3o-operation should be begun in
the buying of the trees. The
itiatory cost is thus very much
:educed. If enough farmers show
in interest in the matter, we
3hall try to arrange it so as to
iave the trees shipped to Ridge
~vay, Blythewood, and Wood
varats as well as to Winnsboro
o as to make it possible for the
armers in every section of the
~ounty to take advantage of this
ThE COUNTY'S FINANCES,
emized Expenses for the Chaingang
and Poor 1-ouse ior the First Quar
ter--Estimated Expenses for the
The report of the county super- I
~isor as published last week con
ains full and definite information
1 to the expenditures for the<
ounty for the quarter ending
March 81. This manner of pub
.ishing the report is sure te give
satisfaction. Supervisor Burley
zas furnished us with the follow
Lg auridged reprt for the chain
zag and poor house, showing the
ost of each for the last quarter:
-s lary of superintendent, 3 mios..$ .56 2.5
-sh*'r' of wages hands at $i0O
p'rmon tH, : mont hs.........60 00 (
[)*ia y h'b r........................ ........ 70 20
P r io ns ........... ..................... 103 91
Mahhier (peacz huller).......... 23 25
ert liz rs .............. ................ 4 00 ]
-upoiesc (brick).................. 16 00 (
1uril of ~imuhateS.................... 10 00
Hi ne den tals . ................ 1 75
$389 36 ]
olar ofu y. "arleni, 3 mos..$75 00 1
- La ry ol~ p gr i :nonths....174 00.
)i rovi1on. er and shoeS...302 75
Feed :; nj i e .; man(k.)t............ 13 8.5
M \lea!~ s rvic, ................... ... 20 :30
Basing our estimtt's on the
expenditures for the first gnarter
the cost of the poor house wil
be about $1,500. To this mum
h added approximately $1,200
ifor aid to outside poor, the ex
pn itures for thi.s purpose being
l100 per month. The chaingang
will co0t at least $3,300 It will
heretfore require niot less than
.I for the poor house, out- t
de~ p)oor and( chaiugang.
Th'e ixed expenses of the coun
ar te principally for salaries as
a Ii - c eustabl ... 1,600) 00
............... 50 00
Th am ~.ount estimated for court If
pssis S2.000, which amount c
.vsaeent last year.
The a iourt estimated for re- t
mirs oui aubic buildings, books, t
<aioner nd p)rinting, contir.- c
ty]t C''expeses, public offices andv
onrt hou is 81,400. For post a
noen examinin~g lunatics, etc., c
i9 or c ieting p)rison'ers and .iail t
~wses ;6500; for physician and I
atu:e es $unO The addi
onal items foot up a total o:
2,250, which amount is consid.
red fully sufficient. -2,500 is
stimated as necessary for re
airs on bridges and roads. Thi
stimate is none too large, if suf.
For convenience the following
immary is given:
haingang, poor house, ete ..R 5,800 0
.oads and bridges........... 2,500 04
ourt expenses............................ 2,000 01
ixed expenses. salaries, etc.. 5,328 0(
other expenses.... ...........2.250 0(
After all the taxes for 1904 ar(
alected, the county will ow(
omething over $25,000. This
mount is covered by variou
otes bearing interest at 7 pe:
eut, the interest amounting t(
1,750. All claims issued durin;
bie current year will have to bi
iscounted at 7 per cent, the dis
ount on the same amounting t<
t least $1,250. The total amoun
'aid for interest on past indebt
dness and for discounts oi
laims for the current year wil
e about $3,000. Adding thi
mount to the above estimate fo
he expenditures it will requir
20,98 for running the count;
[uring the current year.
The estimated income of th
ounty will be as follows:
axes............. ... ...............$15,400 C
)ispensary .................. . .......... S,200 C
lagistrates' fees, etc.......:.. (0 C
ommutation tax............ 700 C
)ther sources.............. 200 C
From the figures given abov
t will be seen that it will re
tuire the most careful financiex
ng on the part of the superviso
nd his assistants to prevent th
ounty's indebtedness from it
reasing at least one thou3an
llars. There is, certainly n
)ossibility of reducing thi
teavy indebtedness this year. I
s none too soon to begin th
ormation of plans for relievin
his unfortunate financial condi
ion. Nothing would contribut
ore to getting matters in th
>roper shape thai a full and a(
urate statement of the county
inancial condition at presen
he grand jury should take th
natter up as once and have it
eport ready at the June term c
For this purpose they shoul
ave made an bxpert examinatio
>f the books of the other count
>fficers as well as those of th
ounty supervisor. For conduci
ng this expert examination the
ould employ a man whos
hole time is given to conductin
uch examinations and who wi]
ot have to divide his time wit
ther work. The cost of obtair
ng such an expert is a smal
tem compared with the satisfat
ion that will come from the es
smination'having been condlucte
n a thorough and businesslik
anner. This matter o:! th
:ounty's indebtedness is on
hat too vitally concerns ever
nterest of the county for it
ettlement to be postponed ir
INDUSTR Al HiGH SCHOOL.
Fo be established. Trustees will as
Southern Board Education for all
propriation and will contribute t
its support. A comnplete school cen
sus to be taken.
The meeting of school tru~stee
donday was largely attended
he following trustees being pres
nt. M. C. Bouiware; Dr. J. J
lobertson, Dr. J. E. Douglass
. S. Brice, R. A. Patrick, W. A
leil, R. C. Spence, C. D. Tidwel:
). W. Mooie, J. R. Curlee, N. I
soberts, G. G. Steele, R. C. StE
renson, T. H. Ketchin, J. Fran
Teoshe, E. F. Pagan, Dr. J. Ai
cott, C. P. Wray, T. C. Camaci
lowell Trapp, W. R. Ashford
r. .M Ederington; A~. C. Hood
C. H. Richardson, C. B. Taylon
J. B. Martin, W. E. Martin, J
V. Crowder, J. M. Higgins, W
3. Dixon, J. B. Carry, J. M
3rice, B. R. Beckham, P. C
3room' W. I. Turkett, T. 'W
Dr. J. J. Robertson was electe,
resident and J. Frank Fooshe
ecretarv. D. L. Stevenson, su
erintendent of education, state
hat tbe object of the meetin
vas to take steps for establishin
permanent industrial hig
chool in the county. He mad
full report of the workings c
he summer school for boys beh
a Winnsboro last summer and
tumber of the trustees who wer
atrons of the said school ex
ressed themselves as high,:
leased with the progiess tha
ras made by their sons while it
The Southern Board of Educa
ion which contributed to th,
upport of the school for boy
ast summer will be asked to ai<
a the establishment of this per
anent high school. It is con
idetly expected that they wil
ontribute the funds for con
ruting and equipping th<
uilings and also for supportmn;
he school in part for a periot
f' ive years. The county's par
ould be to furnish the ground
d to contribute to the suppor
f the school, in which the tu'
Lon will be free to all the boys in
'airfield within the required age
sclicol the trustees pledged the
2,000 which would arise from
the 5 per cent of all school funds
of the county set aside for the
purpose of building rural school
houses in accordance with the
act passed at the last legislature.
This fuad would not be necessary
in this coaunty as everv district
has good buildings.
The members of the General
Assembly from Fairfield county
were memorialized tu have an act
passed setting aside the funds
arising from the dog tax for the
support of this county High
A committee consisting of
D. L. Stevenson, Hon. J. G.
McCants, Dr. J. J. Robertson,
C. P. Wray, and J.- 'rank Foosie
was appointed to confer with the
committee for South Carolina,
- representing the Southern Ed
ucation Board, which committee
b consists of Gov. D. C. Heyward,
- Hon. 0. B. Martin, and Pres.
D. B. Johnson of Winthrop in
1 regard to contributing to the
3 support of such a school. This
r committee leaves to-day for
3 Columbia to attend the Con
ference for Education which will
be attended by leading educators
from all parts of the country.
Resolutions were passed taank
o ing the Southern Board of
o Education for the fund contri
0 buted to the support of the sum
mer school for boys held here last
- summer and also pledging the
0 support indicated above.
Steps were also taken for tak
. ing a school census of the conntv.
- This census willinclude a count
r of all the pupils within school
e age who have attended school
_ during the past session and. of
j those of school age who have not
D been in attendance It will also
s include an enumeration of all
t polls, of all dogs, and of all pro
e perty not returned for taxation.
Each enumerator, before starting
on his work, will be provided
, with a list of all the taxable pro
, perty returned in his school
district and any property not
S thereon he will be required to
make a return of. As a result
e of the census of polls taken two
r years ago the additional poll tax
f raised more than paid the ex
penses of taking the same. A
committee consisting of D. L.
a Stevenson, A. D. Hood, A. Lee
Scruggs, E. E. Pagan, and J.
Frank Foosbe was appointed to
-arrange all the deails for taking
this census. The enumerato'r
ewill be paid so much for each
delinquent poll, each dog not
Sreturned, and a certain per cent
Sof the t ax from all property
. which has; not been returned. It
1 will therefore be to his financial
.interest to do this work thor
-. ughly and and as a sesult the
li school funds of the county are
, sure to be greatly increased.
e This is the most progressive step
, yet taken in the State to secure a
vfull return of the taxable pro
; perty of a county.
If you will make inqjuiry it will be a
revelation to you how many succumb
to kidney or bladder troubles in one
k form or another. If the patient is not
,beyond medical aid, Foley's K icney
Cure will cure. It never disappoints.
Sold by McMaster Co.
Editors of the New and Herald.
Two weeks ago we printed a
-list of the editors of the New and
Herald from 1865 to the present
-time. From inquiries made since,
,we have ascertained the following
-The credit of establishing the
-News and Herald is due to Mr.
E E. H. Britton who degan the
-publication of the same in 1844.
, He continued the papoer for sev
, eral years and then moved to
,Spartanburg where he establish
" ed a paper. His successor was
-Mr. J. P. Mickle, who continued
-in charge of the paper for sev
- eral years. Next came Mr.
-Frank Gaillara, who continued
in charge until he went to Colum..
bia late in the 50's to establish
Sthe Carolinian. He was asisted
'by the late Co]. D. W. Aiken for
some time. Mr. William Gail
Slard was then editor for a short
period being succeeded by Wm.
SClark and H. A. Gaillard, who
were editors at the breaking out
Sof the war. Mr. DesPortes,
Swhose death occurred in 1861,
Shad been the fore manin the ofiice
'from the beginning. After his
Sdeath Mr. J. E. Britton, a son of
-the first editor, took charge of
Letter to T. W. Lauderdale.
-w~ianoro. S. C.
SDeatr Sir: The late president of
the Croton River bank, at Brew
sters, N Y, built the finest house
in all that region, in 1884, and
painted it -with lead-and-oil at a
cost of 8400-the house cost
In 188'0-three years-he re
painted it with D)evoe at a'cost of
$350. In 189-7 this paint was in
Lead-and-oil, 3400, thre a years.
Devoe $350, ten years.
55 F W DEvoE & Co
John H. McMaster & Co. sell
A tickling in the throat;
hoarseness attimes; adeep To s
breath irritates it;-these
are features of a throat 1y
cough. They're very de
ceptive and a cough mix
ture won't cure them.
You want something that
will heal the inflamed
membranes, enrich the
blood and tone up the
system .-. .-. .-. .
is just such a remedy.
It has wonderful healing
and nourishing power.
Removes the cause of
the cough and the whole
system is given new
strength and vigor
Send for free sample
SCOTT & BOWNE, Chemists By
409-415 Pearl Street, New rork By
Soc. and $1.oo. X1 drulsts By
-Mr. N. A. Peay, of Camden By
came up Wednesday afternoon By
and left yesterday morning for
Lancaster with Mrs. Peay and
the children where they will
spend until today with relatives bu
on their way home. Mrs. Peay W,
and two youngest chicdren have wa
been with her parents, Col. and ani
Mrs. J. R. Culp, for several weeks, bo:
the two older children came th
Tuesday.-Chester Lantern. bo;
GiPA Big Lot of Ladies' de
Pique Hats and Ready-to-Wear mc
Millinery. New Goods arriving sic
daily. Be sure to see our Mil- an
inery. D. V. Walker & Co. Sal
To Cure a Cold in One Day
Take LAXATIVE BROMO QUI- re<
NINE Tablets. All druggists refund
the money if it fails to cure. W
E. W. (Orove's signature is on each hg
box. 25c. ch
Important to Housekeepers.
I am handling ice again this mE
eason and all orders will be
given the promptest attention.
I want your ice trade and will do
the very 4Ahing to please you
Price the lowest.
I have just bought 45 headl of W
the finest stall fed -cattle and am ph
better perpared than ever before 9
o supply my customers with the
best beef the market affords.
ive me your orders for fresh 19C
eats. Phone 15 for your ice 19C
and fresh meats.
John W. Russell.
SEWING MACHINES-We are
now handling the Standard
Sewing Machines in all grades.
They give satisfaction. D. V.
Walker & Co.
FOR RENT-House in Winns- ha
boro occupied by J. E. Mat
thews. Large .lot with good
well and out buildings.-Apply an
to C. W. Madden.~
FOR SALE-Early Cotton Seed.
A small amount of Moore's
Excelsior Cotton Seed. W. H.
FOR SALE--Cabbage Plants,
earliest varieties, at 20 cents
per 100; Fine Tomato Plants
at 5 cents per dozen. Also
Cut Flowers and Cuttings.e
Mrs. J; A. Hinnant.
BUGGIES, BUGGIES-We now
have a full stock of BUGGIES
of the following -nakes: Cort
land, Rock Hill, and Cincin
natti. See these before buying.
D. V. Walker & Company.
Stock holders' Meeting.
The annual meeting of the
oung Men's Saving and Loan
Association will be held the last
hursday in April, the 2'ith, at
S.30 o'clock P. M. at the office of
W. D. Douglass, Esq.
H. E. KETCHIN.
Secty. & Treas.
ELECTION NOTICE. vei
An election for one trustee for
school district No. 14 will be
held on Monday the first day of
ay next, to succeed Dr. J. C.
uchanqn whose term as trustee
xpires. The hooks of regis
tration will be open on Thursday,
Friday and Saturday preceding
the day of election. J. A. Hin
nant is appointed to conduct the
egistration and J. A. Hinnant,
. N. McM-'ter and Thos. Phil
lps are appointed managers of
By order of Board of Trustees
for school district 14.
J. FRANK FO0SHE,
has stood the test 25 years.
bottles. D~oes this record oft2
Report of Board of F
ale 10 bon1ids $1.o)o caI. .......
11m1t. pd W. W . S W. k Co............
Gen. Ek( I . per bi-I .......
S. B. Ale-s. evr Co.. per bid ...
Town on ac oun wehoe
Ad vertisin.... ........
Boiler in1surapce, ears........ .
-tationery, te1-k.legram1S and1 othel
oi'lmntA',i o1' PANr 1 r6 MARC !
eipts froml sale of lamps, etc........
cash paid for wood' coal . .........
salary paid WV. C. 'e!, superintendlent
salary paid John Young. engineer.
freight on sundry supplies ..........
accounts paid for oil, et ............
amount paid for postage, stationery, pri
other incidental expenses ...........
balance paid on coal for April ..................
rhe above report Coes not show th
t only the receipts and disbursen
)rks. It should be borne in mind t
s increased by three or four lights
I bids had been made. The amoi
ads was insufficient to construct atr
power house, but by an arrangeu
ird paid $1,000 to the town, and I
use, and also undertook to furnish
scent light system made the total
ire than ,10,000, inasmuch as it v
lerable amount of secondary wiring
I residences. To complete the inc
y to purchase additional transforn
ich was paid for by the town.
[t will be noted from the abovj rep
ri quite sufficient to pay the opern
:eipts from the sale of supplies wer
ll be noted, however, that the town
hts. If the town had paid for ligL
irged by private corporations, we
er paying all operating expenses, o
raking everything into con'sideratic
de in the operation of the.plant is
Statement of ToN
As a supplement to the above stat
arks, the following statement of ex
Lnt by the Tewn Counell are herew
3-Wiring, material, improvements at p
Payment on power house..............
Semi-annual interest on bonds.....
4-Material, etec.................... .....
Interest on h~ornds................... .......
5-Interest on l)9fnds ... .... ............ ..
Less amount returned by Board of Pm
Bills payable........ .................
Balance due on lot........................
Less interest paid on bonds...........
F'rom the above statement it will b
3 paid $6.066.66 for installing the
.n itemized statement of the abov
I have just received tw<
Flooring and Ceiling; XM
Rough Lumber, all cut fror
Shingles, Laths, Mouldi
building materials always
A full stock of Buggies a
Everything in Furniture.
riages and Organs.
This is the place to get a
Our stck of Dry Goods a
There is All i
Whern it Come
It is a satisfaction to know that
~The Best in Hams-Swift's Pr<
The Best in Peaches-Helmet
The Best in Canned Corn--Sur
The Best in Canned Pineapples
The Best in Pineapple Cheese
Try our Canned Sweet Potatoes.
All the breakfast foi
Average Anual Sales over
ierit appeal to you? No (
. .... 10, 031 25
. 2,800 00
e ..... . 48 50
$10,031 25 $10,031 25
15, 1904, TO IARCHn 15, 1905.
,ril 15, ..1........ 95
S 104 ..... 16992
ne 15, 1;04 ..... 143 7
0 vy ]5, 11904 ......... 13 1
1-1ust, 15, 1904 14242
-t ].) e 1904 ...... 19195
vciber 15, 1904 217 26
V .ber 15, 1904. 21 50.5
:.u:ry 15, 190i5_ 22983
i ua ry 15, 1 .u.; 192 4.:
arch 1), 1:71-..5 . 182 74
........... .. ..... 26738
.. .....................$1193 8
.................... . .630 00
.......... .............35 99
........ ...........87 67
1tiing, etc ......51 35
1$2437 6 $2437 06
3 total cost of the whole plant,
Lents of the Board of Public
hat the number of are lights
i-fter the original specifications
int realized .)from the sale of
d equip the plant, including
ient made with the town, the
;he town furnished the power
the water supply. The incan
-ost of the plant considerably
'as necessary to pay for a con
as well as the wiring of stores
indescent svstem. it was neces
ters at a cust of $906.43, all of
art that the receipts have not
Ltlngr expenses, and that the
eused for that purpose. It
has paid nothing for the are
ting the streets what is usually
=oud have shown a bolance,
f from $7K50 to $1,000.
), I think that the showing
h 'ighly satisfactory.
J. E. McDONALD,
airman B~oard i'ubhc Works.
............ , ....... 67 3 4 3
ntlin, etc.,...........ll due
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