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PUBLISHED WEEKLY. WJNNSBORO, S. C., WEDNESDAY, MAY 31905.
BATTLE OF REAM'S STAIUN.
Hagood's Brigade Cut to Pieces--The
General's Daring Recovery of a Flag
--An Incident that Delighted Col.
Ir. Editor: I will again en*
deavor to gratify my old comrades
and many of my young friends
also by giving them another war
story, my last. I have in my
other war stories endeavored to
give due honor to my friends and
comrades, the gallant Cols. P. H.
Nelson and J. H. Rion, and Capts,
Brooks, Segurs, Clyburn and
-others of the 7th battalion, to
which I had the honor to belong.
Now I propose to make special
:mention of Gen. Johnson Hagood
.and his gallant brigade.
His general life and war records
I shall leave to be told by older
and wiser heads than mine. I
shall confine this story to the
battle of Ream's Station, some
times called the Weldon Road.
Gen. Hagood has been criticized
by a few f z the wreck of his
brigade on that fatal day. After
a full investigation in council of
war by several of Gen. Hagood's
seniors in rank he was fully vin-.
dicated and the mistake was that
of Gen. Mahone.
After the crater fight on the
30th of July, 1864, on the east
of Petersburg, Gen. Grant turned
ahis attention to the southern side
.of the city. Here the Weldon
riailroad came into the city. It
-as the great highway to the
SGanth. This road was regarded
as a great necessity to Petersb.urg
and Richmond and the Confed
- eracy. To give, it up meant giv
ing up Virginia and retiring to
North Carolina. It was impor
tant, therefore, for Grant to take
it and to the Confederacy to hold
it. About the middle of August
Gens. Malone and Hampton were
.sent by Gen. Lee to defend the
-road and thead off the Federal
.advance. Gen. Mahone, on the
18th and 19th captured 2,100
prisoners and Gen. Hampton
drove into Petersburg a large.
herd of cattle captured from the
Among the troops eigaged in
this feeling expedition 'of Gen.
Mahone was Gen. McGowan's
S. C. brigade. When Gen. Mc
Gowan returned from the front to
report to Gen Mahone, he was
mounted on his old warhorse
with hat in hand and answered
Gen. Mahone's inquiry as to
whether there were eny Yankees
out there: "Oceans of them, Gen
eraA oeans" The fire of battle
was in Gen. McGowan's eyes and
as thev rolled and glistened, Ma
)soue concluded to send for rein
It was thus on the 20th Ea
good's brigade was ordered from
:and left the trenches to assist
. Mahone in retaking the Weldon
.road which the Yankees had occu
pied and was about 9 miles south
of the city. Cn Saturday, the
-20th, the 7th battalion along with,
*the brigade was in the trenches
,..on the east of Petersburg, where
* jt had been for three months.
-Cl Rion was at that time izn the
hospital. His wouded arm had e
never healed. That day hearing1
-the movement he came out to
see us leave the trenches. The
doctors had enjoined upon him
not to go with us. He stood
Swith Dr. Hanahan on the banks1
of the trenches, while the bat
*talion filed past him, The men
-t~ 'e pleased to see him an~d glad
also to get out of the trenches.
.Dol. Rion was pleased with the
.s~)of the men and glad t~o
*know jhay were to meet the
~enemy aa the open field. He;
.gave his ~een many words of
u.omfort and cheer. But little
did he think the neit time he saw
his faithful batte.lion it wtould be1
leuced to nineteen men.
Throughm the city we mared~
to the other sida of it, where we
mnet alth McGown's brigade.
'ilhere w.e encamped !G b.e night,
li~ing dowi ?i a heavy rata. B~ut
sve enjoyed the best night's sleep
~we had had iu tw'o mionths. Capt.
.J. L. Jones, of Liberty Hiill,
ibeing the senior officer present
,was in aommnand of the battalin
'The next morning by 5 o'clock,
~we were narching ;down the
woad from the city. The bat
talion was in froe ;yith Capt.
Jones andL A djutant W. M~I m
at its head. WVe were met
one of Gen. Mahone's aides who
who directed our lie of march to
the left of the road where we
halted and rested for a fe w in
just then Peg~m's battery of
,#RLerv came down eiw road at
jnll ra. Just to our agh and
ront.anoss the road was an .ce
saed~ Pgamm dashed in to this
field and opened a quick fire With
all his guns. The enemy's minie
balls and shells aimed at Pegram I
began to fall about us. Then I
came, "Attention. Hagood's bric-,
ade, forward, march!" and down
the road we went at double quick
time, passing this battery and
forming a line of battle on thI
road side of the old field. Pegram.
had already lost all of his horses
and the most of his men.
It was astonishing what de
struction had been done to Pe
gram's battery in so short a time.
As we passed, some of the old'
artillerymen of the battalion
wanted to stop an& man the idle
guns, but the charge upon the
outer lines of the federals had
commenced and Hlagood's line
swept on across the open field
towards the enemy in the woods
at the fl-ther edge. Slowly at 2
first th'e emy gave way. They I
had butchered Pegram, but now
they were in full fight. The 25th
regiment was on the left and
the battalion on the right. From 1
the woods came the brave and E
gallant Gen. Saunders. He was
dead, borne on the shoulders of
four faithful Alabamians, who had
followed their brave commander
to his death. Following their I
dead commander oame a squad of
stragglers into our lines. Adju
tant Thomas endeavored to rally ,
them and get them to join in with I
as. But they said they would
wait in the road until their brig
ade came up. One old fellow. I
bowever, aked, "What brigade ist
that?" "Hagood's S. C. brigade," s
was Adjutant Thomas' reply. s
'All right," said be "that is good
enough for me. Come, on, boys. d
Let's hitch on here. I was born E
in the old State and I can fight I
with her." So they were hitched t
:n to the right of Company D, c
but I don't remember what ever i
became of them. f
Our balt was only a few mm
ates. We were again marched
forward with skirmishers tv the
ront. We swept through the
woods until we came to an open
:orn field. There we' stood in
ine of battle for several minuteF.
From where we stood we could
plainly see the enemy -entrenched
behind the railroad enbankment I
in frcnt of us across the corz
ield, and that they had earth
works projecting like forts to the
right and to the left of where we
were to charge. The enemy's
rtillerv from the front, right and
eft were pltying upon us, killing
ind wounding our men, tearing I
>ff tree tops over our heads and
utting down the corn in ouri'
'ront. Gen. Hagood and staiff1
ame to us on the right and or
ered the rigzht to move just at 9
'lock. Gen. Hagood, seeing
:he surrounding circumstances
&ere entirely different from what
e had been informed, sent his
ide, Capt. Martin* to Gen. Ma
one, who was about a hiqcdred
yards in the rear, to ask birej
what to do. Capt. Martin re
:urned with orders from Gen. '
Iahone to charge them, as he '
2ad been informed there was but
a light force of the enemy in his
'Eagood's) front. Had Gen. Ma
Eoge seen is as G4en. Hagood did c
be might haue avoided what fol
This ordler was fina, aind there
was no alternative for Hagoodo
but to order the advance. Gen. '1
Eagoodi, in passing the battaliou s
:l the right of the line, ordered C
it to advance at ordinary time
abi he came back to the right,
s he had to go to the left where (
they ware in troyble. All this e
took time an we iem2 standing t
still, exposed to their abet a.;d f
shell and not allowed to return
their fire. The command, "For. I
ward," came from Adju t a n t
Thomas to the battalion. With
sparkling eye and a cheerful
faes a s4arted back to the right.
As he page4 ,Company B, he
shook hands with is .91d friend,
Lieut. S. Wade Douglass. Look- I
g him in the face, he said: "Ad
jutans, 'p are going to catch it ,
to-day.'' liis reply was: "Oh',
Wade, cheer up. We can't die
but once, So long, I wili see you:
again." Searcely ha.d their hands
parted when Lieidt Dou~glass was
struck by a minnie ball and he
fell mortally wounded at the ad-I
jutant's feet. Thom~as called
.Qme otne and said, "Take care of
Wal" end he moved on. Little
did one thigisfve minutes that
besides Lieut. I; C.;:'Cmpany
B w s to number among iia'iI2
Cot. Kennedy and Lients. Isbell
a~a L. ert Kennedy. At this
time Biaged~ ;?ame up anid the
whole line rusheat ic(;rd. Th'le
eemy opened a deadly fire m
-~ei aris just in front of the
21st and 25th regiments and upon
which the regiments rushed to
their deaths; scarcely one-tenth
of their number escaped. Capt.
Martin, of the staff, was mortally
wounded, and immediately Major
Maloney, also of Hagood's staff,
was killed. This disposed of the
left regiments of the brigade for
the day. The others were the
27th on' the left, the 11th in the
:-entre and the 7th battalion on
It was now 10 o'clock. The
:hurch bells at Petersburg rang
>ut that Sunday hour down in
he valley of the shadow of death.
long the railroad those chimes
loated on the gentle breeze, as if
o remind us of our altars and
The command was continually
iven to forward and dress ou
our colors. The whole line
)ressed forward amid a murderous
ire from the enemy. Men fell at
,verv step, but the brigade closed
ip its gaps. It lost half its num
er, crossing the first rising0
rround. When we reached the
econd rise and were in the flats,
he command to halt was given
d the order to lay down so as
o be protected as much as pos
ible, until our support came up.
lat they never came. Here, just
,t this time and place, your bum
>e scribe received his discharge
.nd carries the missile to this
Now, Mr. Editor, the remaining
ew words I have to say of this
errible carnage of blood is hear
ay, but taken from reliable
ources, from others more for tu
te than myself on that fatal
ay. Just at this period of the
lit., a federal officer rode out
rom their lines on our left. As
he firing ceased, he came intoI
ur lines and said to Col. Gail
rd of the 27th: "Give up that
g, sir, and surrender. We
av'e yoq. surrounded. There
omes a column from the left to
our rear.to cut off your retreat.
have come here to secuie you
rom further slaughter. You have
truggled far enough." '.;he flag
,as handed over to him. Then
Le looked towards the battalion.
ts line was straight. Its flag
7as aioat. He asked if the bat
alion was uot in the surrender.
3ut the battalion had not sur
endered. Every nerve w a s
tretched,butnone quivered. Capt.
iegurs, now in charge of the bat
lion, returned from the right to
lie left and asked Thomas what
r.is the matter over there
n the left. Thomas told him
be 27th and the 11th had sur.
endered to the federal on the
orse. Segurs 'said; "A djutantj
re will have to die right here."
We will die," said Thomas, "and
at those Yankees see how Caro
nians can die." Segurs ie
arked, "Oh, that Hagood would
one up." Just at this time Gen.
agood did run up. He said to
'omas: "What is the matterj
erer He repliedl ":The 21st
d 27th hav e surrendered to the
ederal and he has their colors."?
en. Hago: was then about fif
een paces from the officer. He
stantly pulled his pistol and
red at bim. Then he rushed at
im with pistol in hand, until it
eemed to r each his body. "Give
p that flg," cried Hagood.
ang"' syet thze pistol again. The
Ser fell frog; hi~s hqrse and the
ag fell from his hands. Hlagraod
eized the horse and mounted it.
~apt. Dwight Stoniey of his staff
ra bbed the fi g. Hagoodl shouted:
All save yourselves who can."
ten. Hagood and Stoney safely
scaped with the flag thirough
he storm of shot and shell that
len. Hagood and found him sit
ing alone uuder a large tree. He
ras thinking of his noble dead,
ho lay stretched upon the field,
o close that if they were living
hev could hear him call them.
len. Lee rode up and saluted
im with tears ini his eyes and
poke to~ $en. H agood, 'saying:
our brigad e." "Yes," said Gen.
Iagood, "I told my men not to
hrg. but, poor fellows, the'
voud do it, and inw they are all
ecartened," sa.id (GeD, Lee; "'there1
Lre some of them left. Gathev
hem up and take them back to
he rear. You will soon recruit
m. I will promise you I will
idver ight them any more in this
var. They have done their
As Gen Hiagood desired iL, e,e
done with Gen. Lee, he directed
:he adjutant to gaither up the
emnant of the brigade and bring
hm in him. It was easy for
him to reorganize the members
the battalion, and soon he h
nineteen of them and ten of t
other regiments. "Fall in hei
Hagood's brigade," rang o
through the woods. But it was
sorry sight to see. When
brought them to Hagood, I
pressed each one of them by tj
hand with tears rolling down L:
cheeks, and told them he knt
what they could do, and promis<
them teveral week, of rest ai
recreation. He turned them ov
to Thomas to have them ration(
and cared for till fi.:ther ordei
The next day the brigade w,
sent to Dunlap's farila to rest at
recruit up. For several days tl
brig-ade increased - from 29 i
about 75. It was here that a
occurrence took place which d,
lighted Col. Rion to tell. I wi
tell it and close. One night,
Adjutant Thomas was going dowv
the lines to see a friend, and
he was passing by a camp fire, 1
overheard a conversation betweE
some of the soldiers from one <
the other regiments. One ma
insisted that charging breast worl
had played out. No one coul
get him to charge breastwort
again. His remarks seemed t
have the approval of all presen
Until one man spok-r up and saii
"Men, that won't do; you have t
do it. There is that battalion u
yonder. It would charge he
to-morrow morning and there j
not a. man of you that would nc
In this battle I closed m
career as an humble soldier i
behalf of the "cause that is nc
lost!" Jno. H. Neil.
White Oak, 'I C.
Terrific Race With Death.
"Death was fast approaching,
writes Ralph F. Fernandez, c
Tampa, Fla., describing his feai
ful race with death$'-as a resul
of liver trouble and heart dis
ease, which had robbed me c
sleep and of all interest in life
1 had tried many different doc
tors and several mediciAes, bu
got no benefit, until I began t
use Electric Bitters. So wonder
ful was their effe'ct, that in thre
days I felt like a new man, an
to-clay I am cured of all my trou
bles." Guaranteed at McMaste
Co.'s, Obear Drug Co.'s and Joh
H. Mc Master & Co.'s drug storeh
In the death of my old friend
eighbor and comrade in arms
obert Bankhead, Fairfield ha
ost a true citizen, a generou
eighbor, and the A. R. P. churci
true and consistent member.
The subject of this sketch wal
orn in the western section o
his county May 7, 1844, and die<
t his home in Winnsboro Apri
16, 1905. He was married t<
iss Mary Sloane of Jacksoi
reek in the year 1867. She an<
even children survive him. Hi
as a devoted hus'oand, a fon<
arent and a kind friend.
At the commencement of the
civil war, at the age of 16. h<
oluneered his sarvices in thi
amous Buckhead Guards, Co. G
ixth South Carolina volunteers
Tere he remained throughou
hat bloody struggle of four-ong
ears that tried men's soulk
beying all orders and command
s a trrge and Christian soldier
e was severely wounded in th
arm on the bloody field of Sevei
Pes. Scarcely had his wount
ealed when he returned to hi
allant command, engaging il
any hard fought battles, an<
stacled his arms at appomnatto:s
In my boyhood days I knes
iim; in my manhood days
.new InmJ Igtigl evi-him gp t.
the day of his~ death. Du~rin
this time he and I were mutua
It is with a deep feeling c
sorrow 1 chronicle the death c
y once warm friend and gallan
soldier. I take a full share wit.
the family of the deceased i;
their sorrow and grief. Thu:
agpher old soldier has crosse<
overth'e river and js Nsting il
the shade of the trees.
Joradg3 who wore the sacre<
And followed the sword of Lee
n a few more fleeting years
We'll all be witb Jackson ani
WVill Cure Consumption.
A. A. Herren. Finlch, Ark., wvrites
iYol-e Honey and( Trar is the her
trouble. I knowv that lR hasi eured co:
umpljtion ini the first stagzes." Yo'
never heard of anyv one using Foley
Honey and~ Tar and. not being~ satistiet
of Captain T. D. Van Horn.
ad(Vet de orcP1wune, Apri/ f.]
The funeral of Captain Thaddeus I
'e, an Horn, which took place this mor
LIt ing at 11 o'clock from his late residenc
a No. 1754 Prytania street, was largel
attended by the friends of the decease
:ae d 11( i family, among them a larg
ie 1 nuIer of rupresentative citizen.
1e members of the Masonic order, whiv
is conducted the funerM!, and fellow Coi
federate veterans. The floral offering
Wiwere numerous and beautiful. Afto
,d the impressive ritual of the Mason.
idi order was finished at the residenee th
funeral proceeded te the cemeteri
3 where the remains of the gallant vet
,d eran were laid to rest in the famil;
s. ' burial place.
. Captain Van Horn, who was bcrn ii
Port Gibson, Miss., in October, 182C
ld left his father's plantation in earli
tema n hood and came to New Orleans
where he had resided continuousi3
since. with the exception of the tinU
he was fighting for the ConfederAcy
When war between the States was de
clared he organized a troop of cavalry,
of wi ich he became captain, and thi:
troop was attached to Scott's regiment
f tighting gallantly throughout the en
S tire struggle for the Lost Cause. H(
e was a member of the Association oi
ethe Army of Tennessee, United Con.
federite Veterans, Camp No. 2, and
f this and other caips of the organiza
tion were represented by delegatioml
of their members at the funeral as wert
I also the Knights Templar.
d Captain Van Horn's death was duf
F to paralysis, he having suffered the
first stroke a short time after he retired
from business some eight or ten year,
t ago. He was a man of marked char
: acteristics and had occupied positiotn
of hihh trust.
le'is survived by his widow and
P eight children. Tnaiddeus D. Van
1 Horn, Jr., Oliver H., who served as
s second lieutenant of the Second Louis
t iana Regiment in the Spanish war;
Albert C. and James; Mrs. I R. Harby,
of Winnshoro, S. C.; Mrs. A. B. Hund
y ley, of Columbia, La.; Mrs. A. Peters
and Miss Belle Van Horn of this city
are hi.s daughters.
How to Ward Off Old Age.
The most succes'ful way of warding
off the approach of old age is to main
tain a vigorous digestion. This can be
(done by eating only food suited to yon r
age and occupation, and when any dis
order of the stomach appears take a
dose of Chamberlain's Stomach and
Liver Tablets to correct it. If you
have a wcak stomach or are troubled
1 with indigestion, you will find these
f Tablets to be just what you need. For
sale by Obear Drug Co.
t The sacond blow makes th
: fray, imt Q otoif $he first is well
How to Rea.ch
course of g
recent [ e -
1 ture Hart
ing of a Newspaper," Charles
Hopkins Clark of the Courant
I"How are you~ going to get at
-the public? Mail them circu
lars, and the wastebaskets in
10,000 homes give each a wea:'.y
yawn, and the cirguer @impi:
pears unrea4. QaN1 ipon the
Iprgpie andi explain the merits
or you wares? The sign 'Our
I Busy Day' hangs in business
offices: in private houses you
Ii must ring the bell. Oftener you
3are turned away.
1"But put a cleverly worded
advertisement of these wares
ina newspaper that has an
established circulation in h
V city's home aA tness
[I house.9 tow1 aga what hap.
. d oildn't get in
..:rgS. btyour ad
t etse.n is tacre on the
broafast table, in the 11'
brary, in the parhir, in tha
sewing room. anit when ev
f rybody is inquiring for the
)pper which can't be found
f t is very likely doing duty
cn the quiet in the kitchen.9
1i "It Is all o'er the house and
wanted there. You are not.
And. similarly, at the office it is
read and reread, and part of thb
use of' 'Thh; 13 Opr. Dutby Day' '
3s~ age t ge' iance to read
thIle paprs. And it is interest
Sing to' note the advertisement
has anotho'~ thn i cummuercial
p-. [p g prunei~d for business
purposes5 pture and simple, but -
it is often read as newvs."
I Tis paper goes into the
onfices and homes of the
people not as an intruder,
but an a welcome visitor,
It il tkeyour an~4y rce ;
you can~ MendC themtoay
considerable ntumber on cir-.
L: culars which will be thrown
away after a glance.
The Kind You Have Always Boug
In use for over 30 years, has
and has b
All Counterfeits, Imitations and
Experiments that trifle with and
Infnts and Children-Experient
What is CA'
Castoria Is a harmless' substitut
goric, Drops and Soothing Syra
contains neither Opium, Morphi
substance. Its age is its guarani
and allays Feverishness. It Cur:
Colic. It relieves Teething Trou
and Flatulency. It sSinilates I
Stomach and Bowels, giving hea
The Children's Panacea-The Mc
Bears the Sign
The KId You llamj
In Use For Over
Vft cEuIAUR OMANY. 17 NIUAM 0=
Largest Horse and Mule dealer.
A large supply nov
'ABCOCK BUGGIES THE
Lags or e ue ae
We are glad to announce that we
than ever before for doing all kinds
and that we shall be glad to be fav:
may have. When needing anythini
or phone us in regard to same.
All busiuess entrusted to us will
R. T. Matthes
We are Headot
Call in and examine our stock<
Dreses and Centre Tables.
Dressers at actual cost to clear
Ncw is the time to get your St
Try one of our Felt Mat~resses
We have a complete line of
Stoves. All guaranteed to giv:
We have in stock also -a co
Our UNDERTAKING D
complete. All calls promptly
R. W, P1111
ht, and which has
borne the signatnre
-en made under his per
eision since Its infancy.
ae to deceive you iu this.
'Just-as-good" are but
endanger the health of
e against Experiment.
e for Castor Oil, Pare
ps. It is P-leasant. 1t;
ne nor other Narcotie
ee. It destroys Worms
s Diarrhea and Wind
>1es, cures Constipation
he Food, regulates the
Ithy and natural sleep.
Wm. new" a"K 2.
s in South Carolina.
v on hand.
RITE US FOR PRICES.
- COLUMBIAS. C.
sre now better prepared
red with any work yon
; repaired bring it to us
be promptly attended
vs & Son.
>f Iron Beds, Suites,
We have six Cheval
-tne best in town.
Little Dandy Cook
mplete line of Bed