Newspaper Page Text
his for t]
lal marriage rela
the greatest cause
elations are conduc ed
g as the man thinks he o
erhood and its requirement
s, so long will there be fri
Woman has been man's slav
all her other virtues seem small.
first to husbands, then to their
of other things.
Women are the heroes of
sunshine. They pour their who]
scant appreciation. God bless
educated, strong, wise, self-relia:
generations. Where these grand
spect is a problem, if the boys
don't want their women friends
and sports,. not *to mention the
these demoraliziag pursuits and
few I should be willing my dau
as it will, the community will d
happier homes and fewer divor
(From an Address Before '
HERE is a cert.
ing with our pi
apt to get the'.
the questions t
tions like the t
the unit of ou
It is impos
you represent. If the average hi
another and toward' their chil<
snay rest absolutely sure that
but if we have solved every
it shall profit us nothing if we
have lost it if we do not have ti
the proper basis. While I do
I can say that so far as in me
with you toward the end that
One of the most unpleant
the diminishing birth rate and
old native American families.
as for the individual no materi
or scientific development will e
I count myself fortunate in ha
matter of vital importance to
g~pu~mmUI1of Fresno, in t
dug under it, fc
the heat of the
3 stretched the gl
8,000 homes in ;
and children attend its public si
annually. The raisin crop of 191
000. All the raisins imported
value to only $400,000. In 19021
barrels of crude petroleum, wort
and head of cattle graze on its
When a few straggling fortu
ties they were welcomed by this
your horses. Water, onle bit; wi
ering station" only. In 1872, ho'
bringing water in ditches from E
land. His proposal was laughe<
won; in 1876 he had water on la
and the first year's crop proved
ground was rapidly extended. 'I
By ieut. Carlyon3
49@@9909 HAT mere popu
much careful c
sia. It is only
I etrable which
. ing aggression
2? singly, nothing
to effect their)1
in the past for
daration of February 26, 1780, F
den, and Denmark combined to :
ers were acting together against
1807 Great Britain had to breal
the treaty of Tilsit, by seizing 4
ships, and by blockading the Rua
140 battle-ships was nipp-Q Mn thi
been taken bad not Great Bri
with 212 battleships. We learn
there were three European allia
Great Britain, and all were brokE
The sooner a man gets rid of th(
that he was cut out for a political
er the sooner he will become a t.
A fool bignmist tries to get r
his first wife by taking a second.
It takes a genuine society wom;
say unpleasant things pleasantly.
Soldiers who are to take part I
Chesapeake Bay war game went
camp on the shore of Hampton r
King Edwa:-d and Queen Alexa:
arrived at Algie'rs.
Three Marylanders were among
150 Americans received in audient
for increase of divorce t:
ead novels and love stories w
They begin to look about for tl
k themselves in love and decide
increases their determination, so they
's house, tell him whatever they choos
from his bed to see them. He doesn't
ts the dignity of his calling and destiny
e 16, he 20-and this unwise -man ties
for any one thus to seal the destinies of
man should marry before 25. They are
e serious and perplexing duties which fol
I people find many of these duties very :
tions could-be conducted on a pure, high.
f friction and disgust would be less. As 1
on a purely animal basis both are degra<
ns this woman's soul- and body, disregard
s, thinking only of himself and his suppt
tion, dislike, even hatred of each other.
since time began. If she is not a good e
All over the country women are slaves tod
hildren and the home. No time even to th
the world, as well as the mothers, and
e lives out for those they love, usually v
11 these women! I hail the day when th
it women will control and guide the com
good girls are to find husbands they can
continue to smoke, drink, visit places t
to know about and spend their time in gai
rvrst ones. Unless they begin to give up
cultivate their best natures, there would
ghter should marry. When that time con
mand a higher manhood. Then there will
of Home Life
t Theodore Roosevelt,
he Intercburch Conference on Marriage
Lin tendency to exalt the unessential in di
iblic questions, and public men especially
attention concentrated on questions that h
but are wholly ephemeral comparad v
hat go straight to the root oi things. Qi
Lriff and the currency are of literally no c
er compared with the vital question of hav
social life, the home, preserved.
ble to overstate the importance of the ca
isband and wife fulfil their duties toward
Iren as Christianity teaches them, then
the other problems will solve themsel'
ther problem in the wisest possible 3
ave lost our own. national soul, and we'
question of relations of the family put u:
ot '.now exactly what you wish me to
l'es, everything will be .done to co-opex
you have in view.
and dangerous features of our family lif4
the loosening of the marriage tie among
It goes' without saying that for the r
1 prosperity, no business growth, no arti
unt if the race commits suicide. Therel
ring the chance to work with you in 1
e national welfare.
is ago there was but one house in the tc
e central desert of California. A hole
rty feet deep,'into which the inmates lowe
ies by a bucket and a windlass, to esc
day. Around it, as far as the eye could
.ing desert, unbroken by any cultivated s
spot is the centre of a cheerful community
land made fertile by irrigation. Ten thc
~hools. The industries there yield $14,000,
2 put into the farmers' bank accounts $2,2
nto the United States in 1902 amounted
he oil wells of Fresno County yielded 570,
. $200,000 before refining. Eighty-nine .'h
e-hunters came to the county late in the
sign hung over Fresno's one buildinig: "Bi
Lter and feet. three bits." Fresno was aL "V
eer, Mr. M. J. Church conveived the ideE
Ing's River, twenty miles away, to irrigate
Iat as a dreamer's scheme. But persiste
nd within three miles of the town of Free
the soil to be fertile. The area of w7ate
day there are 360,000 acres under irrigati
d for ANavies
ellairs, of the British ARavy.
lation and riches are no match in war agai
rganization, we have seen in the case of F
the knowledge that the sen-barrier is imi:
will effectually prevent the expanding TI
and Latin races of Europe from contemp
n the American continent. If unable to
but sea-power will prevent them from try
urpose in combination. They have combi1
the partition of Poland. By the Russian c
ussia, Frarnce, Spain, Holland, Prussia, S
esist the right of search, and the same pa
Great Britain over this question in 1800.
Napoleon's compulsory alliance, framed
dghteen Danish and eight Portuguese bat
sian battleships. Thus a fresh union of o
bud; but such decisive action could not ha
Sbeen in the plenitude of her naval strenj
that, within a period of twenty-seven yet
~ces of three or more great powers agai
n up by the operation of sea-power.
ida Xn English laborer arrested on
ea charge of theft which proved to
;ulfalse was found, on being searched
the police station, to he-:e gold. sil'
1 o and bronze coins in various parts
his attire to the amount of $870. 'I
n oweight of them was 40 pounds.
Th e South Kensington Muset
th'e L ondon, is rejoicing in thc arrival o
it skeleton of a diplodocus;. a prest
ad. from Andrew Carnegie to King I
ward. T came from Pittsburg in
adria cas~es. having been found in Wymi
It is the first diplodocus to visit I
the rope, and is an interesting combi:
1 b tion in its structure, of reptile a
I Distinguished Party From the N
Greeted by Prominent Soulherner
SOME SPLENDID SPEECHES MA
Meeting at Columbia Opens Wit
ere Cordial Address of Welcome by
ernor Heyward, Followed by the
1en nual Address of Mr. Robert C.
to den, President of the Conferenci
dip Columbia, S. C.. Special.-The C
ference for Education in the So
use opened its eighth annual session I
the Wednesday, with a large attenda
of leading educators from both N(
wO and South present.
not The Ogden train, containing a pE
rk- of ladies and gentlemen from
York, Boston, Washington and ot
Northern cities, arrived at 3:10 p.
ind and the visitors are being entertai
)ng in various homes in the city to wl
led. they have been invited. The pi
ing numbers ninety-five, being educat
sed literary men and women and busi
men interested in education. T
)ok came in on a special of ten Puillr
cars, chartered by Mr. Robert C.
.ay, den. of New York. The memberE
k the party are his guests for a ninet
day trip to different points in Sc
the Corolina, North Carolina and Virgi
ith During their stay in Columbia, the:
ese Well as the many hundreds of o1
ing visitors, mainly from the Soutil
SStates, are guests of the city of
re- lumbia. A party consisting of the rr
or of the city, the State SuperintE
nes ent of Education. Editor Gonzales
all The Columbia State two professor!
be the South Carolina College and sev,
ies, other prominent citizens of Colum
be met the party at Hamlet. N. C., and
corted it into the State. Every t
coming into the city brings from
parts of the South visitors to the
rhe conference opened its first
sion here with an address of welc<
by Guvernor D. C. Heyward.
I Governor said in part:
GOVERNOR HEYWARD'S SPEE
"Today throughout the entire Sc
the schoolhouse bell is ringing.
rings from the university on the
and it rings from the little sch
huse by the roadside, and to
teachers who are present at this
ference from our sister States of
South and from every portion of
own State, I wish to say that in i
are coming you I must also congratu
3ye you upon the great work you 1
-ith done. I believe that you have
es- complisbed more during the past ft
on- years along educational lines than
ing ever been accomplished by any I
ple in the same length of time.
people have ever worked so well
use under the same conditions, and.
)ne your work you have been accor
we loyal support by your people. In t
es, days of poverty and in their day:
ay, prosperity the tax-payers of the Sc
v.ill have shown a willingness and a
osire to tax themselves to support
schools. not only for their own child
do, -the white...children of the Soun
ate but also for the children of ano1
and dependent race. Though o:
~is msnerstood, they have never
the thiunart fail them; they have n<
ace looked backward, but always forw
-and to day we can see in university
scin college, in graded school and
ore common school, in better teachers
his longer terms, a happy and prospe:
people-aye, in smiling fields and gr
Ing cities, the result of their douI
"In welcoming you to South Caro
I welcome you to a State which
always had a deep interest in the ca
Uin which you are enlisted. With
L the modern schoolhouse stands be
the college of a century. From
earliest history of our State our
Uple have prized learning and cult
tion. Be fore the Revolution, Sc
wI Carolina sent her sons to Oxford
vas to Cambridge. Shortly after the Rf
red lution we began to build colleges
pe to establish public schools. The:
5library in America to be supporte<
eany degree at the public expense
pot that established in Charleston
1689. iE1C IO
0 "I am sure, however, it needs nc
00,- gument to convince you that the in
in tance of education in its highest si
000 has ever been realized by our pe
The facts that I have just cited1
before we had colleges of our own
sent our sons abroad, and the fur1
x-fact that almost within sound of
ing voices stands South Carolina Colles
'at- over 100 years old-these will show
of spirit that animated our ancestors.
the th"Aso what we are doing today
he ons and daughters of South C
nen.Ihave but to point you to
no, nubrof colleges ot our State, an
red our growing system of graded
On. public schools. The State supp
Winthrop College for Women.
South Carolina College. the Citadel
Clemson for young men, and als
State college for negroes. In aaii
to this, each religious denomina
supports one or more colleges wi
are doing excellent work. There
also many private colleges. severa
which are well endowed. Contribul
to these is our system of graded
nst common schools. Our State consi
us- tion requires that the General Ass
ebly shall provide for a liberal sys
e-of free public schools for children
eu- tween the ages of 6 and 20 years.
[at- the constitution imooses an annual
do exceeding one-half of our entire S
tng tax for general purposes. With us
Led fight to allow school districts to
ec- a special tax has already been w
I it is incorporated in the organic
y. of the State, and we are now ext<
In ing the battle lines to the various
tricts, 400 of which have already e
by cised this prerogative. New victo
:le- jare constantly being gained along
zer line. a:'d within the next few years
Le confidPTtly hope to greatly enlarge
;th army ci educational progress.
.rs, During the past year we built
st school houses, and we improved
equipped many more. These buildi
- ranged in cost from $300 to $40,
aapiece, and In this equipment are
be eluded 500 libraries. Two thous
at and five hundred of our teachers
ate y'ear attended summer schools in or
eto better equip themselves for tl
of-reat work. It will require no prop:
'he ri7 friends, to predict that, should
be again so fortunate within the i
mfew years as to welconie you wvit
~he confines of this State. your e
ntwill behold vast improvement in
d-educeational and industrial affairs.
"Pardon me for this apparent diga
sion, which I hope will prove to:
'the interest we feel in you and in y
-work. Let me give you some ads
welcome to our State and to ourc
ause which brings you here; in the
iame of every school and college in
:he State; in the name of those high
nterests which it is your mission to
erve; in behalf of the people of our
Dtate, and especially in behalf of the
rth eople of our capital city, I welcome
rou, ladies and gentlemen, to South
At the conclusion of the Governor's
Lddress of welcome, the annual ad
Iress of Mr. Robert C. Ogden, presi
lent of the conference, was delivered.
PRESIDENT OGDEN'S ADDRESS
In. the opening Mr. Ogden spoke at
i a lome length of the objects and history
>f the conference. Although this con
iov- 'erence, he Isaid, has no education body
An- if authority, it yet has a very deep
iommunity of interest with the South
Og- !rn Fducational Board, the General
. ducation Board, and in a lesser de
;ree with the board of trustees of the
?eabody fund, and the board of trus
on- :ees of the Slater fund. These several
uth oards are so thoroughly co-ordinated
tnd sympathetic that every facility
ere :reated by any is at the command of
.nee each and the commonage of aim is so
rth )erfect that waste by duplicption or
>ompetition is impossible. The work
>f these boards and funds having been
Lrty riefly dealt with, the speaker spoke
tf what had been accomplished. It is
ew .he leadership of the child that we fol
her ow here, he said, inspiring this great
n. :ompany more than curiosity, possible
ned ntertainment or social fellowship-is
iich :he interest of the child. And it was
Drty :ust the preparation of this pervasive
ors, nfluence that awaited the advent of
iess :he new movement for education which
hey Aas unfolded in the triple alliance of
nan he conference and the two boards.
Og- This movement came at the psycho
of 'ogical moment. Throughout this
een Southland, isola-:ed and lonely, many
auth ble, thoughtful, well informed and
nia. Iolitary souls were brooding over the
r as 'ieedy conditions of certain localities
hor with which experience has made them
eri painfully familiar. And with. the per
Co- :eption of needl was associated a con
ay- 5cious helplessness and vague, indef
nd- :nite hopefulness, or was this condi
. of tion of mind solely confined to the iso
lated and obscure? Men of large pub
lie affairs, women socially prominent,
b~a. were both equally anxious and sadly
3 loubtful. Here a voice had been
al raised, there a little local effort had
a een soarted, and beyond this the pro
: n phets were beginning both persuasion
and provision. Then followed the
se- awakening of the earnest and anxious
>me thinkers. A strength of asc~ociation
The was promptly created. Symptoms of
:nany sorts indicated the etiucational
CH- epiphany that has commanded the ad
ut miration and respect of educators
it throughout the land, the encourage
hill ment of progressive citizens, the in
yoo- terest of statesmen. Certain facts
yon may be briefly cut!ined.
on- PROGRESS OF LOCAL TAXATION.
ou* Local taxation for education has
vel- made great progress, notably in Ala
late bama. South Carolina, North Carolina
ave and Tennessee. The constitution of
ac- the State of Georgia has been so
)rty amended as to facilitate local taxation
has for schools. The increase .of public
yeo- appropriations both through States
No nd the local tax. for education, has
or aggregated many millions of dollars.
in New school houses by hundreds, per
ded [laps thousanas, have replaced others
eir that were lacking in comfort, space
of 9.nd equipment. Hundreds of inade
th guate schools have been consolidated
de- and transportation has been supplied
the to scholars that have been incommod
ren ad by the changed conditions. School
-h- terms have been greatly lengthened,
der the qualifications of teachers im
~ten proved, and compensation increased
let to meet the longer term and better
ard Laws against nepotism in~ education
and have been passed and thus a beginning
in bas been made in the removal of a
and corrupt and debasing influence upon
ous education. This is an incident in the
-..divorce of public education from poli
age tics-an end most devoutly to be de
sired. Perhaps the most encouraging
hin single element of progress is found in
has the formation of local and State or
use ganizations of citizens and educators
us. ror the promotion of public Interest in
side education. In the cities of Virginia
the large audiences of the best people
eo- bave been assembled by the commis
iva- sion to wait upon the teachin~gs of
uth men whose souls are awake to the
and needs of the children and whose
vo. tongues have been touched with the
and hcoly fire from the altar of public ser
irst vice. Such meetings have been held
in eisewhere with success and power.
was Rut Virginia's leadership is exception
in al in persistence and thoi'oughness.
No doubtful curiosity of suspicion
EA- iurks in the background; no academic
seclusuion, no intellectual superiority,
ar- no cloistered] exclusiveness now di
por v'ides higher from popular education in
mse the South.
pe. Other prominent educators madec
~hat ,Ie'ndid addresses. The meetinig was
we an eminent s'uccess in every particu
our Second Day's Session.
..- The second day's session of the
the great educational conference was
markedi by exceptionally strong ad
for ! dresies by notable speakers.
aro- A' the Superintendents' Conference
tl ':he State Superintendents of the fol
to lowing States were present: South
and Carolina. North Carolina, Georgia.
orts Alabama, Texas, Tennessee and Ar
and kansar. Each of these spoke on dif
and ferent phases of the recent progress
o a of education in the Southern States,
ion Columbia, S. C.. Special.-The Con
tion ference for Education in the South
ich closed its sessions here Friday, and the
are conference adjourned subject to the
1 of call of the executive committee.
ing At the morning session Of the confer
and ence, Mr. Robert C. Ogden. of New
.itu. York. was unanimously chosen presi
em- Ident: Chas. B. Aycock. former governor
tern of N'rth Carolina. was chosen vice
be- presidktnt. The following executive
and committee was elected to serve the en
tax suing year:
tate S- C. Mitcenell. Virginia; sydney J.
the Bow ie. Alabama: R. R. Cousins. Tex
evy as;I Carenee H. Poe. North Carolina;
'on: D. C.Caldwell. Louisiana: C. P. Gibson,
law Geccgia: R. H. Jesse. Missouri: Dr. I.
mnd. A. .~enkins, Kentucky: S. A. Mynders,
dis- Termessee: J. H. Hlineman. Arkansas;
xer- D. "'. Johnson. Sou--h Carolina.
ries n other officers of the conference
this ele 'ed were: Secretary. B. J. Bald
we w' Alabama; treasurer, W. A. Blair,
our Winston-Salem. N. C.
The following resolution adopted by
175 the Association of Southern States Su
and perintendents of Education, at its meet
ngs ing on April 26, is given out for the
.000 first time:
'in- "Resolved that the Association of
and Southern State Superintendents of
last Public Instruction, desires to express
-der its appreciation of the valuable work
ieir of the Southern Educational Board, in
tiet, co-operation with. the educational au
we thorities of the States. and of the
x spirit in which the work has been done
hi for the past -:hree years: and also to
ye~ express gratiueation at the provision
our for the continuance of this co-opera
res- All the Southern States are represent
vou ed except Tennessee, Mississippi and
ied Mr. Ogden. in a brief and expressive
ap- speech, then pronou~nced the conference
SPECIAL IS WRECKED
Ogden Party Thoroughly Shaken Up
in Fatal Collision
THE LIST OF DEAD AND WOUNDED
Rounding a Curve in the Yard Limits
of the Southern Railway at Green
ville, S. C., the Train Bearing the
President of the Conference for Edu
cation and His 100 Guests Crushes
Into the Rear of a Freight.
Greesnvile. S. C.. Special.-While
rounding a curve in the yard limits of
the Southern railway at Greenville,
and running at an estimated speed of
50 miles an hour, the special Pullman
train bearing Robert C. Ogden and 100
members of the Southern Conference
for Education, crashed into the rear
end of a freight at 7:55 oclock this
morning, killing four persons and in
juring a score of others. None of Mr.
Ogden's guests were killed.
The dead are:
Charles M. Cope. white, brakeman
of the special. Columbia, S. C.
John Little, W. W. Cummings and
J. F. Hayne. negro employes on the
dining car St. James.
The injured are:
Prof. Henry W. Farnham. Yale Uni
versity, arm broken and cut on head,
and Mrs. Henry W. Farnham, badly
bruised about head and arms.
St. Clair McKelway. editor of The
Brooklyn Eagle. bruised on back and
Dr. Julius D. Dreher, former presi
dent of Rbanoke college, cut on the
Robert M. Ogden. secretary to Pres
ident Ogden, cut on hand and head
Mrs. J. G. Thorpe. Cambridge. Mlass.,
cut and bruised on head.
Bishop W. N. MeVickar, of Provi
dence, R. I., bruised.
James Hunter, engineer on special.
leg and arm broken.
Walter Kershaw. electrician on spec
ial, ear and head cut.
Conductor Edward Acker. bruised.
John F. McCoy, agent Pennsylvania
railroad, gash on head.
R. Shull, negro cook on St. James,
cut on arm.
George Williams. waiter on diner
Ogden Calls For Inquiry.
The Greenville wreck will be inves
tigated as is shown by the following:
"Hon. D. C. Heyward, Columbia, S.
C.; Would respectfully suggest the
extreme use of the executive power
as may exist by the coroner's jury or
railroad commission for investigation
of criminal negligence, local and man
agement, that caused wreck of my
train. Four hands killed and others
injured, also Prof. and -Mrs. Farnham.
My impression is that the case is a
bad one and needs drastic treatment.
"ROBT. C. OGDEN."
Governor Heyward replied as fol
"Robert C. Ogden. Greenville. S. C.:
I have referred your telegram to the
railroad commission, who will imme
diately investigate wreck. Coroner's
inquest will be held by county author
Greenville. Special.-Prof. Farnar,
of Yale University. and Mrs. Farnar,
who were injured in the wreck of the
Ogden special, are both resting easily
in a sanitarium here. It has not been
decided when they will be able to trav
el, but the attending physicians say
not before Tuesday. Electrician Ker
shaw, also injured in the wreck and
detained here, is doing well.
Assistant General Superintendent
H. Baker and Division Superintendent
McManus, of the Southern, are here.
nd an investigation of th-e cause of
the accident is being held behind
St. Paul Globe $uspends.
St. Paul, Special.-The St. Paul
Globe, after Sunday's edition, will sus
pend business. The Globe was the
only Democratic morning daily in
Minnesota. and it wvas the recognized
oi gan of its party both in State and
in municipal affairs. The reason an
nounced by the paper for its suspen
sion was that, in spite of its large
circulation, it was not properly patron
ized by advertisers.
Sixteen Killed in Texas Storm.
Laredo, Tex., May 1.-Later deatils
from the tornado, which struck this
city Friday evening indicate that first
reports in circulation here were by no
means exaggerated, either as to the
number of lives lost or the financial
damage resulting. Scores of people were
injured and are being attended by the
It will be impossible to state the
nuber of the injured. but it is not
belived that may deaths will result
from in iuries.
The number killed is sixteen in this
St. Petersburg, By Cable.-An im
perial rescript summons Count Voron
tzoff-Dashkoff. viceroy in the Caucas
us, to the council of the empire and
appoints him 'a member of the council
of ministers, and charges Baron Nolde.
Secretary of State, to represent the
vceroy in the council's declarations.
A rescript commutes the sentences of
the officers concerned in the incident
of the firing during the ceremony of
the blessing of the waters of the NevO.
Hong Kong, By Cable.-The steamer
Stettin, which has arrived here, sight
ed from thirty to forty vessels of the
Russian Second Pacific Squadron in
Hongkohe Bay, Annam. (about fifty
miles north of Kamranh Bay.) Thurs
day afternoon. Two cruisers, which
had their decks stacked with coal.
signalled the Stettin to stop, and ques
tioned her. The fleet was preparing
TO PENSION PROFESSORS. (
Munificient Gift of Andrew Carnegie
For The Purpose of Assisting Needy
New York, Special.-A gift of $10,
300,000 by Andrew Carnegie to provide
Innuities for college professors who are
aot able to continue in active service,
was announced by Frank A. Vanderlip,
vice president of the National City
Bank, of New York. Professors in the
United States, Canada and Newfound
land will share in the distribution of
the income of the fund. United States
steel Corporation 5 per cent. first
mortgage bonds for $10,000,000 have
been transferred to a board of trus
tees, and steps will be taken at once
to organize a corporation to receive
the donation. Dr. Pritchett, president of
the Massachusetts Institute of Techno
logy, and Mr. Vanderlip have been se
lected by Mr. Carnegie to obtain data
on the subject, to be presented at the
first meeting of the board of trustees, h
which will take place on November
16th. The bonds have a par value of
11,000,000 and will produce an annual
income of $500,000. The corporation
which is being formed will be styled
"the Carnegie Foundation."
Mr. Carnegie's secretary has sent a
letter to the press, -giving the forego- 9
ing information and inclosing a letter 9
from Mr. Carne j, dated April 18th,
which says, in part:
"I have reached the conclusion that P
the least rewarded of all professions n
Is that of the teacher in our higher edu- V
cational institutions. New Lork city 0
generously, and very wisely, provides C
retiring pensions for teachers in her
public schools and also for her police
men. Very few, indeed, of our col
leges are able to do 00- The conse
quences are grievous.. e men hesi-t
tate to adopt teaching as a career, and
many old professors, whose places b
should be occupied by younger men,
cannot be retired." 1
Mr. Carnegie says that the fund will b
apply to universities, colleges and
technical schools "without regard to
race, sex, creed or color;" but not E
to institutions supported by State or
colonial governments. Another' class F
excluded is sectarian institutions. "On
ly such as are under control of a sect,
or require trustees, or a majority there
of. or officers, faculty or students to
belong to any specified sect, or which
impose any theological test, are to be
Mr. Carnegie specifies the duties of
the trustees, and concludes with the
hope that "this fund may do much 2
for the cause of higher education and
to remove a source of deep and con
stant anxiety to the poorest paid, and
yet one of the highest, of all profes
Among those named as trustees are
Presidents Edwin B. Craighead, of Tu
lane, and George H. Denny, of Wash
ington and Lee.
EXPLOSION KILLS SIXTEEN.
Every Man in the Mine at the Time
Lost His Life Except One, and He
Du Bois, Pa., Special.-Sixteen men
were killed and one will die as the re
sult of an explosion at the Eleanora
shaft, near Big Run, Friday night. The
mine is owned by the Rochester and
Pittsburg Coal and Iron Co. The
night shift was small or there would
have been more fatalities. Every
man who was in the mine at the time
of the explosion, except one, was kill
ed. Three bodies have been recover- I
ed. The men were English speaking*
and resided at Eleanora, a small min
ing village two miles from the shaft.
Great College For Tennessee.
Columbia, Special.--Wyckliffe Rose.,
dean of the Peabody college at Nash
ville, made the announcement here that
the $800,000 required of Tennessee. had
been raised to match the $1,000,004) thea
Peabody board voted on the 24th ofi
last January for the establishment of
a teachers' college at Nashville, on thei
condition that Tennessee raise $800,000.
Of this amount $250,000 comes from the
State and $50,000 from Davidson coun-!
ty, the home of the proposed college,t
which will be the largest teachers'
school in- the South. In addition tO I
the $1,800,000 thus available for the
Institution, 3. P. Morgan has made an
of|Ler of $250,000, provided a similar
amount is raised.
Movements of Russian Squadron.
Kamranh Bay, Special.-The Rus
sian squadron, with transports, left
its last stopping place last Wednesday
evening for an unknown destination,
The warships are provisioned for six
months, and are believed to be bound1
for Vladivostok. Four German col
liers arrived at Kamranh Bay too late
to proceed with the squadron, but sub
sequently sailed in the same directiot
in the efforts to catch up with it.
Nebogntoff's division was expected
to arrive yesterday in Indo-Chinese
waters, where it is believed the admir
al will receive instructions regarding
the place where he is to effect a junc-1
tion with Rojestvensky, whose squad
rn, besides 25 warships, includes a:
repair ship and a water tank ship. ]
Peonage Case Dismissed.
Jacksonville, Fla., Special.-Judge
Locke, of the Federal Court, issued an
order sustaining a demurrer to an
indictment against John W. Bennet
and Richard Bennet, of Bradford coun
ty, who were indicted on the charge of
holding Maggie Williams in peonage<
July 1, 1903. All parties are white, and;
the Bennets prorainent citizens. Judge,
Locke's order vircually dismisses the
case. This is the only case of alleged]
peonage ever brought in Florida.
Death on N. & W. Train.
Roanoke, Special.-Captain Thomas
Alderson, an extensive planter, of Dev
il's Lake, N. D., died suddenly on a
Norfolk & Western train west of Roan
oke Friday night. He left here for his
home, apparently in good health. He 1
was a native of Pennsylvania, and dur
ing the region of the "Molly Maguires"
in 1875-76, he was chief of detectives
for the coal operators around Potts-f
ville, Pa. Later he came to Virginia, t
and was prominent in coal mining. Thet
remains will be interred in Roanoke.
$250,000 Saw M ill.
White Springs, Fla., Special.-The
saw mill of R. J. and B. F. Camp, one
of the largest concerns of the kind in
Florida, was burned here Thursday,I
with the dry kiln, veneering mill, com
missary and 2,000,000 feet of lumber.
The fire spread to the neighboring
houses and several of them were de
stroyed. The loss will reach at least
Sir Thomas Lipton ihas invaded
Paris. He has opened a store in the
ane de l'Onerat
iEN. FITZIUGI LEE
tricken With Apoplexy Mile Oil
Board a Train to Washington
ISTINGUISRED MAN PASSES AWAY
ad Been a Confederate Major-General
Goverr.or of His State, and Consul
General at Havanna, and also a Re
tired Brigadier-General in the U. S.
Washington, Special.-General Fitz
ugh Lee, United States army, retired,
d one of Virginia's foremost sons,
ied at the Providence Hospital here
riday from an attack of appoplexy,
hich he suffered on a train while en
yute from Boston to Washington.
In the room when he died were Dr.
[ontgomery, one of the physicians at
ie hospital, Miss Dorsey, a relative,
ad a nurse, two of the attending phy
cians, Drs. Edie and Kean, having
tired temporarily. A pathetic feature
E the case is that although General
ee had a family consisting of a wife
ad five children, not one of them was
,ith him at the time of his death. The
eneral was 68 years of age.
Arrangements for General Lee's fun
ral, together with the selection of the
lace for interment of the remains, will
ot be made until after the arrival in
Vashington of Mrs. Lee, who is now
a her way to Washington from Fort
iglethrope, Ga. Meanwhile the body
rill be prepared for burial and will re
iain at the hospital. It is possible
iat the body may be laid to rest at
2e national ceipetery at Arlington, al
ough it is expected that General
,ee's friends may make an effort to
ave a site chosen somewhere else in
rginia, the State in which he lived so
iany years and with whose interests
e was so strongly identified.
A widow and five children survive
|eneral Lee. Two of the boys are ar
iy officers and two of the girls are
rives of army officers, while the re
3aining child is a young woman still
i her teens. The children are Mrs.
. C. Rae, wife of Lieutenant Rae, now
t Fort Oglethorpe; Lieutenant Fitz
.ugh Lee, of the calvary branch, now
Manilla; Lieutenant Mason Lee, of
he Seventh Cavalry, who is now in
an Francisco; Mrs. Anne Brown, wife
f Lieutenant Brown of the Seventh
avalry, who is now at San Francisco,
nd Miss Virginia Lee.
General Lee was stricken with ap
oplexy, the entire left side being af
ected, at 3 o'clock Friday morning,
hile on a train en route from Boston
o Washington. The train had just left
he Harlem river when the stroke
ame. The train bearing the general
,rrived in Washington shortly after
0 o'clock. Under the direction of Ma
or Kean, United States Army, of the
;urgeoil General's office, the patient
7as removed to Providence Hospital.
A physician was taken aboard the
rain at Jersey City. At Philadelphia
e gave place to another, who accom-.
anied the general to Baltimore, where
tillanother was taken aboard and
oade the trip to Washington.
General Lee had been spending a few
lays in Boston and was returning to
Vashington, on his way to join Mrs.
His Distinguished Career.
General Lee long has been a promin
*nt figure In Washington, and he al
vajs was given a hearty reception
herever he went.
Prior to the civil war at the begin
iing of which he resigned his commis
ion in the United States army, Gen
ral Lee saw considerable frontier duty
n moving against the Indians. He
vas an ex-cavalry officer.
His services In the Confederate' ar
ny as a major general are well known,
nd during the Interval between this
car and his active work in the Span
sh-AmericanL war, General Lee filled a
umber of important positions, includ
ng governorship of Virginia. the presi
lency of the Pittsburg & Virginia rail
'oad, the collectorship of internal rev
mue for the Lynchburg district, and
he consul generalship at Havanna.
Following his honorable dischgrge
om the volunteer army on March 2,
.901, General Lee was appointed to the
-egular army with the rank of brig
dier general, and with this rank he
vas retired in the March following..
Visible Supply of Cottod. M
New Orleans, Special.-Secretary
JIester's statement of the world's visi
>lle supply of cotton, issued Friday,
shows the total visible to be 4,141,621
jales, against 4,798,989 bales last week
md 2,931,311 bales last year. Of this,
:he total of American cotton is 2,911,
121 bales, against 2,944,989 bales. last
veek and 836,311 bales last year, and
>f all other kinds, including Egypt,.
Brazil, India, etc., 1,230,000 bales,.
mgainst 1.235,000 bales last week and
L,095,000 bales last year.
Of the world's visible supply of cot
:on, there is now afloat and held in
areat Britain arid continental Europe
L,996,000 bales, against 1,66S,000 bales
Hail Goes Through Roofs.
Savannah, Ga., Special.-Dispatches
rom Southwest Georgia report a se
rere hail storm Friday. Fifteen miles
rest of Albany, in Doughtery and
Vorth counties, cotton and other
:rops were broken to the ground. On
r. H. Bynum's farm the roofs of houses
veere broken through. Near Harts
ield, Joseph Stovall, an old and well
mown citizen, was killed by the blow
n down of the house of his grand
onn John Stovall.
Illinois Gambling Laws.
Chicago, Special.-The Worth Jock
y Club on Friday definitely abandon
dd the clubs race meeting, which was
o begin Saturday, opening the race
eaon in Chicago. The stockholders'
eecided that there was nothing else
o them to do but to bow as grace
uuly as possible to the ultimatum of
he State's Attorney, who declared
hat the laws of Illinois concerning
ambling must be observed.
Monument to Joe Jefferson.
Ricchmond, Va., Special.-A popular
ubription has been started here for
he erection in this city of a monu
nent to Joseph Jefferson, the actor.
t bids fair to be successful. The city
a expected to provide a site.
Steamer Passed Warships.
Island of Penang, Special-The Brit
sh steamer Catherine Apcar, from
3alcutta, reports having passed two
letachments of eight and seven war
hips, respectively., Thursday night
Ixty miles south of Penang. They;
-ere hamin for Singanore. .