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A ViZlT TO THE OLD FARM.
Can you find the spring in the pasture-lot
Where the sweet-flag used to grow.
And the garrulous, laughing little brook
Where trout flashed to and fro:
Car you show me once more the broken
Where blackberries ripened first.
And we crushed their thin and tapering
To quench our childish thirst?
Oh. take me again to the spicy grove I
On the western slope of the hill.
Where we never knew that the day was
Till told by the whip-poor-will.
Ah. here is the same smooth, rounded stone I
That locked the lips of the well;
fow many a sweet and homely tale
That sentinel gray might tell!
Look! through the low and crumbling wall e
The old-time berries shine.
Where else out in this sunny lane
Was ever found such wine!
But the hollyhock path to the old farm
Once smooth to feet unshod.
b thorny now with the brier-bush,
And choken by the golden-rod. S
And out of the windows where love looked
Peer only Pyes of the dead
Though I thought I heard the spinning
That stood by the trundle-bed.
It wa-z only the south wind stirring a
In the heart of the lilac-tree.
While my soul grew faint at the old per
And the la:y drone of the bee.
'Now The ;un has set; we must both turn
From the land of the long ago.
Where b'ossomed the reddest rose of a1
And fell the whitest snow.
For if we wait till night shall fall.
Our hearts may break to see
Two children's faces that smile in sleep.
Dreaming of vpars to be!
-'-try Minerva Barrows.
I I . I ! I I I I
* * * * * * * * *
I I ! I i I
THE PRETTY COOK
Dv MAE MARTIN.
tOM EAR mother. will be down 1
on the twenty-fourth. with
0 D 0 my friend. Allen Estwald. -
r e's a splendid fellow, but
MOW rich, and a little fastidious, t
perhaps-so have every
thing in trim. But that warning is
not necessary: you are always ready. 1
Your affectionately, Royal Dent."
That simple little note brought con
sternation in. the Dent household,
for the cook and maid of all work
had just taken French leave, and it I
wvould be impossible to fill her place
on such short notice, for servants did I
-not flourish readily in the quiet little
-What shll we do?" exclaimed Mrs.
Dent. glancing around at her three
daughters with an expression of trag
"-Telegraph to Royal that he mustf
bring a cook down with him." said
Ange. the, youngest, with an irrepres
-Nonsense! To-morrow is the twen
ty-fourth, so we shall have to all en
ter the kitchen and tuke our turn. t
-uintil I can engage a cook.' s
'-Oh, mother! you know it would t
spoil my complexion to bend over that
hot stove. That plan will never do,"
said fair Gertrude, folding her soft.
--And if we do the cookinig. who will
entertain Mr. Estwald?" said Mira.
"Well, you know we cannot get one 1
now for love or money," sighed the
"-Yes, you can. mother mine. Here
is one for bye," said brown-haired -
brown-eyed Ange. "I will be cook un
til you can get one, and Royal's fas. I
tidious friend need never know it. Myt
name is Polly Ann, and I'll prepare
the daintiest dishes, and you can en
.gage a boy to wait in the dining room."
'"You are making quite a sacrifice. I
Ange, my dear .child. and I do not
like to have you banished in that 1
-"But it is self banishment." said
lAnge. gau.;. giving just one regretful
sigh, and then entering heartily into i
the work before her.
Royal came at the appointed time.
accompanied by a handsome man of<
eight or nine and twenty. with fair
bair and moustache, keen, clear blue
eyes, and the winning ease and grace
of one long used to the cultured cir- I
cles of society.
The Misses Dent were faultlessly 1
dressed. and charmingly cordial. andi
Mrs. Dent beamed graciously; but
Royal glanced around with a dissatis- I
"Where is Ange?"
"-She---sh:---". the mother began I
and then not being in the habit of tell-3
ing falsehoods, she broke down.
"She has gone on a visit to Aunt 1
Marys." said G ertrude. smoothly.
"-Must .jave been rather sudt en:" he I
"'Oh. yes. Ange. dear child, is so
flighty." murmured Mira. turning toi
Mr. Estwald with a swe~et smile, and I
there the subject droppe.
But passing through -:he back part
of the house an hour ia-:er Royal was
astonished to find a young person.<
half hid in a huge apron, in his arms; I
to feel the fond pressure of soft arms
around his neck, the touch of a velvet<
chehek to his.
"Hlo: e cried, filling back a
"Oh. Roy:,al, don't you know me?"
"Ange:" he gaspeCd.
"No--Polly Ann, the (ook." she cor
reeted with a soft hiugh. 1
"'What is the meaning of all thisi
mystery?' h e inquired sternly.
"-Don't speak so loud." she said, and 1
then explained the situation.
-'Hang it all: I'll hr ye a cook, if
I have to go b~a-k to town after one.
Here i've brought Estwald dowvn to
see you. aud then tind you banished
to the kithen: l've a great mind to
r-aise a row."
"If you do. I-I will spoil the din-1
ner:" she cried. in alarm, then disap-<
peared in the pantry.
Royal glowered at the hare wall for
a minute: then a smile suddenly spread
over his face, and' he wvent back into
the dr-awing room, whistling cheerfiul
The dinner was far Itiessly cooked1
and served. and afte:' it was over.
and he'r mo -r cann- out, insisting
>athed her face, put ,u a fresh. white
own, and taking a book, sought the
olitude of the orchard.
She climlied to her favorite seat in
he fork of an old apple tree, and had
een there long enough to get rested
.nd cool. when a gentleman came
auntering along through the shady
weetness of the old orchard.
Ange did not see him in time to run
way, or even get (own from her
ierch. and sat still and almost breath
ess, hoping he would pass by with
,ut seeing her.
But he came on. straight to that
>articular tree, a fold of her dress
>rushing his sleeve.
He glanced up, and said quickly:
"I beg. your pardon."
"It is granted," she said. irigidly,
pparently intent on her book.
He stood still.
"I am a stranger here; came down
rith my friend Royal Dent this morn
ag. You are a member of the family
I-esume?" lifting his hat, and
peaking in the most respectful tone.
Ange raised her sparkling eyes. a
light smile curling her fresh, red
"I am the cook. sir."
"Ah, yes! It must be delightful to
erve so cLrming a family," leaning
gainst a low, sweeping bough. and
riendly eyes. thought Ange. feeling
, trifle warm.
"Are you laughing at them. sir?"
"No. indeed. I am in earnest!" he
"Just as I thought-ready to flirt
ith mistress or maid," said Auge to
erself. She stole a glance at him.
He is very handsome: but beauty
ometimes covers a very deceitful
eart. I shall test this fine gentle
He interrupted her thoughts.
"May I have an apple?"
"If you like them so green."
Encouraged by her friendliness, the
entleman drew nearer. and while
hey partooic of green apples their ac
1uaintance progressed rapidly.
That meeting was only the begin
ig. A week passed. and every day
len Estwald managed io see the
ook, for Ange still filled that posi
At last they succeeded in securing
he services of a stout woman, and
'ith a little nervous laugh Ange said
Lunt Mary wished her to return home.
I will come this evening, and be in
roduced at the tea table." she said,
.nd went away to her favorite haunt
a the orchard. She felt sorely trou
>led. It was her duty to betray Est
rald, but she shrank from the task
rith trembling dread, and finally de
ided to keep silent. Just as she had
rrived at the generous conclusion he
ade his appearance.
"So your situation has been taken
rom you?" he said, with grave con
"Yes," heaving a sigh.
"What will you do?"
"Tr. to find another." . .
"I can offer you one if you will ac
ept it." speaking slowly and doubt
ully, and coming quite close to be:.
.You are kind," she murmured.
vrting her face. "What shall I have
"Te first and most important duty
rill be to love me as deeply and as
ruly as I d.o you," coming nearer
till. a'nd stretching out his arm un
i it half encircled her,
"Mr. Estwald-sirl how dare you?"
lie cried out, turning her flushed face
.nd flashing eyes toward him.
"Hush. Ange, until I have finished."
"Ange?" You know me, then?"
"Yes," he said and boldly took her
"Now, how long have you known?"
he faltered, blushing deeply.
"Royal told me the first Cay. I fell
a love with your picture before I.
aw you, and Royal's account of your
aanifold perfections determined me
o see and win you, if I could."
He talked cloquently, and must hav'e
on her complete forgiveness, for
rhen he lifted her down from her
merch. he ke-;t her close in his arms a
ainute, and stole a kiss from the sweet
ps unrebuked.-New Yorr News.
M1en's Absurd Clothes.
I like to feel clean, and my great
(ea of clothes is that they should be
lean and comfortable, as far as such
.thing is possible in London. This, of
ourse, excludes starch. I couldn't
rear a thing which, after having been
ade clean and sweet, is then filled
nith nasty white mud, ironed into a
tard paste, and made altogether dis
rusting. To put such a garment on my
>erson, wear it. move in it, perspire in
The shiny white tubes on the wrist,
he shiny black cylinder on the head,
he shiny white front to the shirt, the
uiny black boot, the rain-pipe trouser
eg, the japanned-zine sleeve-that is
-our fashionably dressed man, looking
ike a cold blackleaded stove with as
>estos fuel. The great tragedy of the
.verage man's life is 'that nature re
'uses to conform to the cylindrical
deal. and when the marks of his knees
d elbows begin to appear in his cyl
nders he is filled with shame.-George
lernard Shaw, in The World of Dress.
Do Vegetables Breed Typhoid?
One of the theories concerning the
>rigin of typhoid fever ascribes the in
ection to the agency of vegetables
town in contaminated soil, Some re
et experiments made in Europe to
letermine the facts had interesting re
ults which are described in Harper's
X'eekly. A thorough test was made
rithl cultures of bacteria applied in va
ios ways to peas, radishes, cress and
tecr vegetables. The results showed
hat in only one of the four experi
nents could any typhoid bacilli be
'ound, and th.' final conclusion was
at 'even in the event of bacteria be
ng present on the roots or leaves they
vere not able to reach the interior
A Cheerful Giver.
Bobby's father had given him a ten
ren ~t p~ie aid a quarter of a dollar.
eing him he might put one or the
>ther on the contribution plate.
"hich did you give. Bobby?" his
'ather asked, when the boy came from
li, father, I thought at first I
iught to pt in the quarter." said1 Bob
vy. --ut then jiust in time I remuem
ieed. 'lg Lord loveth a cheerful giv
-r and I knew I could give the ten
-en pne a~('. grea:t deal more cheerfully
21 r putri in."-Youth's Companion.
DR. CIANGES MIND
Exciting Day in Now Famous Trial r
IT MAY NOT HAVE BEEN SUICIDE
Coroner's Physician O'Hanlan Says
His Opinion Regarding the Cause- of
Caesar Young's Death Has Under
gone a Change.
New York, Special.-Perhaps the
most interesting development in the
testimony in the trial of Nan Patterson
charged with the murder of Caesar
Young. came when Coroner's Physi
cian O'Hanlon took the stand for the
prosecution and said In reply to ques
tions, that he had changed his opin
ion that Young committed suicide.
Dr. O'Hanlon performed the autopsy
on Young's body. In his testimony to
day, he said: "My present opinion is
not the opinion formerly expressed to
The counsel for the defense, Lawyer
Levy, asked the doctor: "Did you re
port this case to Coroner Brown as one
When Dr. O'Hanlon replied in the
affirmative, Mr. Levy asked:
"Do you now say that in your best
judgment it is a case of suicide?"
"No, I won't say that."
"Didn't you say so once?" was
"I did, but I think now it is a case
for the jury to decide. I thought at
the time that:I detected powder marks
on the hands of Caesar Young."
Assistant District Attorney Rand
produced the official report of Dr.
O'Hanlon, which did not define the case
as one of suicide and the doctor said
that be simply expressed the suicide
opinion in conversation with Coroner
Brown. After some further question
ing Mr. Rand asked the witness if he
still held the same opinion that he
expressed to Coroner Brown and Dr.
O'Hanlon replied: "I will only say
this, my opinion now is not what it
was when I talked to Coroner Brown."
This incident came at the close of the
day's proceedings in the trial. When
court opened Miss Patterson appeared
In a black and white checked dress in
direct contrast to the mourning cos
tume which she had worn during days
of this and previous trials. At today's
session Police Captain Sweeney told
of a conversation he had with Miss
Patterson soon after her arrest in
which she sai: she had put her hand in
Young's pocket after the shot had been
fired, had looked at the revolver and
then dropped it back in the pocket.
The scenes on West Broadway where
the shooting took place were gone over
by witnesses and the cab driver who
was on the box when Young was shot
was on the stand, but the testimony
at the previous trial. When Frederick
Michaels. the cab driver, was asked
why he did not look i:2 the cab when
he heard the shot fired, he replied:
"It wasn't my place. Suppose I had
looked in and got shot?"
Dr. E. M. Riggin, formerly of the
Hudson Street hospital, testified that
the bullet which caused Young's death
entered the left side and after striking
the backbone lodged in the muscles of
While Dr. Riggin was being examnin
2d a headless and legless skeleton was
brought into court. -Lawyer Levy
strenuously objected to the introduc
tion, saying that it was unnecessary
and tended to prejudice the case
against the defendant. Miss Patterson
was visibly affected. After Dr. Riggin
had indicated on the skeleton the
course of the bullet which killed
Young, Mr. Levy, counsel for the pris
oner, asked that he illustrate the posi
tion in which the revolver nmust have
been held to produce the wound. "I
could not do it at the point I have in
dicated," the witness replied, "because
I could not twist myself into such a
14 Die in Convent Fire.
Montreal, Special.-The little village
of St. Genevieve is in mourning over
the loss of 14 lives in a fire, which
destroyed the convent of St. Anne
there early today. One nun, nine chil
dren, ranging in age from 10 to 18
years, and four old women perished
in the flames. Two nuns were so se
verely burned that ~it is feared that
they will die. In their grief over the
catastrophe, the villagers find some'
con:fort in relating the heroism dis
played by Sister Marie Adjuteur, who
gave up her life, and Sisters Marie
Therese and Marie Robertine, who
were perhaps fatally burned In their
effort to save the lives of the children
and helpless old women in their
Key West Octogenarian Dead.
Key West. Fla., Special.-James G.
Jones, SS years of age, United States
commissioner and deputy collector for
the United States Court, died here
Sunday. He had held the offices of
mayor of Key West, sheriff and tax col
lector of the county and justice of the
peace and United States marshal. lHe
was born in Canada of French de
scent and had a varied experience
travelling around the world prior to
Noted Stake Winner Sold.
New York, Special.-Major Dainger
field, the winrer of many famous races
and t'he holder of the three-year-old
championship in 1902, was sold to P. J.
Dwyer, in the Fasig-Typton auction
sale of the horses of William B. Leeds
and Andrew Miller, at the Aqueduct
race for $3,000. The stakes won by Ma
jor Daingerfield in the past four sea
sons were worth $91,905.
Death of Senator 0. H. Platt.
Washington, Conn., Special.-United
States Senator Orville Hitchcock Platt,
of Connecticut, died at his summer
home in this, his native town, at 8:35
Friday night from pneumonia, aged 78.
The end came almost unexpectedly,
the immediate cause being the break
ing of an abcess which had formed in
the right lung, and which produced
strangulation. The funeral will prob
ably be held Tuesday.
Prohibition Wins at Smithfield.
Smithfield. Special.-In Monday's
ekction, prohibition won by 33 majori
PALMETTO CROP CONDITIONS
Weather and Crop Conditions as View.
ed by the Department.
The week ending Monday morning,
April 24th, averaged much cooler than
usual, especitlly during the first three
days, with slow rising temperatures
until Saturday when a maximum above!
80 degrees was recorded in the south
eastern counties. The lowest for the
week was 28 at Greenville on the 18th.
The week closed with temperatures
considerably below normal.
There were general showers and
thunderstorms on the 21st, with hail
In the central counties, but the rainfall
was very light in the extreme western
and the southeastern counties, where
the need of rain is indicated. There
was no damage by hail.
Full reports on the damage to fruit,
vegetables and field crops by the
freeze and frost of the 17th and 18th,
Indicate severe and extensive injury to
peaches, apples, plums and other
fruits in the western counties, especial
ly on low lands where the destruction
was practically total; in the central
counties and in the coanmercial peach
raising districts the damage was se
rious, but not total destruction at any
point; while in the eastern and south
eastern counties the damage to fruit
was slight. r -den truck was largely
destroyed in a.- sections, except in the
coast truck regions, where the damage
was not material, although thin ice was
noted within about twenty miles of the
coast. Corn that was up was nearly all
cut to the ground, but only a small
proportion of it will need to be re
planted. A few reports indicate that
wheat and oats were injured. The
large majority reports both grains all
right and still promising. Tobacco
that was set out was only slightly dam
aged. Watermelons, cucumbers and
like field crops were practically all de
stroyed and will be replanted.
Many of the correspondents state
that it is too early to determine the
extent of the damage to peaches as 19
fruit is dropping rapidly.
The weather was generally favorable
for farm work and rapid progress was
made in cotton planting. It was too
cold for favorable germination and
growth. Corn looks yellow and sick
ly. Early corn is being cultivated;
cut worms are numerous in many
places. Transplanting tobacco was de
layed by the cool weather, but towards
the close of the week made fair pro.
ress. Cotton planting is nearly fin
ished in tile eastern part of the State
and about half finished in the west
ern part, where the season is later than
.J. W. BAUER, Section Director.
Prominent Man Arrested.
Laurens, Specia.-As the result of
the inquest conducted by Magistrate
W. W. Campbell, of Waterloo, acting
coroner, over the body of Abe McDan
iel, the negro farmer and land owner,
who was killed late Saturday night in
his home fourteen miles southwest ol
Laurens, brief mention of which was
made by The State, Powell H. Baldwin.
a young farmer, of the same section,
was arrested at his home Monday night
by Sheriff Duckett's deputies, A. R.
Sullivan and W. D. Glenn, on a war
rant issued by Magistrate Campbell
charging Baldwin with being a mem
ber of the alleged mob that killed the
negro. The deputies arrived here some
time after midnight and committed
Baldwin to jail. He is now in the
custody of the sheriff. Application for
bail will be made in Columbia by Col.
J. W. Ferguson, of the law firm of
Ferguson and Featherstone, who have
been employed to represent the ac
According to the evidence given at
the inquest, a party of men went to
McDaniels house late Saturday night
and attempted to enter the negro's
house through the door, which some
member of the crowd opened by un.
locking with a key in his possession.
Instantly the crowd was fired upon by
McDaniel, who used a shotgun. The
fire was promptly returned with fatal
effect. The negro was shot only one
time, the charge taking effect in the
right side. He lived about an hour.
After shooting the old man the crow d
went upstairs and took McDaniel's two
single daughters, Mary Jane and Evi
lina, from the house to a nearby wood,
where a severe whipping was given
each of the women.
Five Housebreaker~s Arrested.
Greenville, Special.-F'ive men com
posing a gang of housebreakers, giv
ing their names as Walter Sheldon,
Earle C. Hurdts, Samuel Levy, T. G.
Barber and John Patera, were arrest
ed by two police officers. The men, who
are charged with burglarizing the
I'ouchstone residence at Westminster
Sunday night, were found cleverly con
:ealed in a car of lumnber on a siding
n the Southern yards.
South Carolina Items.
W. 3. Harley, who shot the negro
at Harleyville on Monday, has not been
arrested and his whereabouts are not
known. The negro, so far as known,
Hampton Zeigler, of Bamberg, who
was sbot Saturday night by Marion
Black, died Monday morning. At the
post mortem it was found that the
bullet had pierced the intestines in
three places. No motive for the kill
ing developed at the inquest. Both
men were drinking at the time of the
shooting. Zeigler's dying statement was
that there had been no quarrel and he
2id not know why Black had shot'him.
The people of Kershaw community
were aroused by another alarm of fire
at the cotton platform Thursday after
noon about 4 o'clock. About 30 bales
of cotton on the platform near the cot
ton warehouse where the fire occurred
some days ago were considerably dam
aged. Owing to the promtness and thor
oughness of the fire department, the
fire was prevented from being commu
nicated to the warehouse and to other
cotton on the platform. The fire is
thought to have originated from the
southbound freight train, which had
Charged with Lynching.
Chester, S. C., Special.-Messrs
Stewart W. Heath, John T. Stevens.
Stephen Welsh and S. Frank Hough
of Kershaw, were arrested here Tues
day night by Sheriff Peden on war
rants charging them with participat
ing in the lynching of the white man,
John Morrison, at Kershawy last Octo
ber. The party was detained at the
Nicholson Hotel until this morning.
when they left for Chester in charge:
of Deputy Sheriff Carroll. Two white
men and a negro were committed tc
jail in Lancaster county, Saturday, on
)ccurrences of Interest in Various
Parts of the State.
CHARLOTTE COTTON MARKET.
These figures represent prices paid
Strict good middling .........7 14
3ood, middling ............... 7 1-4
Strict. middling ............... 7 1-4
Tinges .................. 6 to 6 3-4
Stains ................. 5.00 to 6.00
GENERAL COTTON MARKET.
Galveston, quiet ............... 7 3-8
New Orleans, firm ............ 7 3-16
Mobile, steady ............... 7 1-8
Savannah, steady .............. 7 1-8
Charleston, fquiet ............7
Norfolk, steady .............. 7 3-8
Baltimore, nominal ............ 7 1-2
New York, quiet ................ 7.55
Boston, quiet .................. 7.55
Philadelphia, steady ............ 7.80
Houston, steady ............... 7 1-4
Augusta, steady .............. 7 5-16
Memphis, steady .............. 7 3-8
St. Louis, quiet .............. 7 7-8
Louisville, firm ................ 7 5-8
Union, Special.-"The indications are
that the enrollment of pupils in the
graded schools of Union will tLis year
exceed by far the enrollment of last
year," sa- Superintendent Jeffries to
i press representative one day this
week. "In fact, including the night
ichools I have reason to believe that
:he enrollment will probably reach
ver 2,000. As it now is, Union holds
the record in South Carolina for the
umber of children who attend school
n proportion to the population. Last
year the enrollment was 1,883 from a
population which numbers about 10,
)00, which includes Monarch and Aetna,
but doesn't count in Buffalo. "Accord
ing to the national superintendent's di
rectory received this week, I see t'at
there are but three other places in
outh Carolina that have a larger en
rollment'than Union, namely, Charles
ton, 8,161, with about 60,000 population;
olumbia 2,833, with about 35.000 in
habitants, and in Spartanburg, which I
believe, claims some 15,000 people. the
enrollment is 2,298. The figures show
that Union had 33 more enrolled than
ad Greenville, 103 more than Ander
on, and 343 more than Sumter, the
other towns of the State falling far be
ow these figures. I have not examined
the directory very carefully yet, but an
examination showed last year that the
record held by Union for the proportion
of her population of those who were
seeking an education through her com
mon schools was not excelled by any
other town in the United States. About
ur night schools, I find that the at
tendance on them is even better than
during the day, and now is something
more than 200. The work is very en
ouraging, as all the pupils seem to be
anxious and work hard that they may
derive all the benefit possible from this
Severe Storm at Union.
Union, Special.-About 6 o'clock
Wednesday afternoon a terrific storm
aged here for ten minutes and in that
time great damage was wrought, and
that many lives were not lost is mirac
ulous. The only person injured was
ohn Campbell, aged 20, an operative
f Union cotton mills, who was badly
ruised about the forehead and hurt
Internally by the falling walls. The
greatest damage was done to the spin
iing room on the fourth floor of Union
mill No, 2, the southern end of which
was blown in for over 100 feet and a
big strip of the roof torn off. The many
children working there only escaped
with their lives by fleeing when they
saw the windows beginning to fall in.
Eight spinning frames were injured.
The damage is estimated at $5,000.
The Beer Dispensaries.
The dispensary directors have not
yet decided upon their action in re
gard to the beer dispensaries. The
uestions submitted to the attorney
general, and upon which an opinion
will be given some time this week, are
1. Whether the State board can, un
der the law, give each beer dispenser
royal instead of a fixed compen
2. Whether bottling plants are ille
3. What constitutes drinking on the
Fire at Union.
Union, Special.-Within twenty-foul
hours after the storm of Wednesday
afternoon struck the city and laid low
$10,000 worth of property. Union was
again visited by a destructive fire.
which started in the stables of Craw
ford, Aycock and Deaver. completelf
destroying the stables, with five other
buildings adjoining, and but for a
change of wind $50,000 worth of prop
erty would have been swept away. The
total loss is estimated at $5,000. with
some insurance, The fire originated in
the second story of the stables among
hay and other Inflammable feed and
within two minutes had spread over
the entire building. This is the third
destructive lire the city has passed
through this year. the total loss of all
three being near $100,000.
Had His Skull Fractured.
Pickens, Speelal.-W. R. Taylor,
town marshal at Calhoun, was danger
ously and probably fatally injured at
Calhoun Thursday afternoon. He was
in the discharge of his duty, trying to
arrest a young man by the name of
Barker who is said to have been drink
tng. While the arrest was being made,
Spinks Barker. father of the young
man, ran up and struck the marshal on
the head with a hoe, fracturing the
Just before General de Sonnar, an
talian Senator, expired on April 8. he
had himself dressed in his general's
uniform, and all his medals and dec
orations. Then he called for a glass
of champagne and. with his relatives
gathered around his couch, drank to
"The King's health and the prosperity
London's new county hall. on the
banks of the Thames, will cover 5.E
Died at Lamar.
Lamar, Special.-Mr. Mitchell Rey
nolds died here on the 20th after sev
eral days illness. He was about 79
years old and a veteran of the War
Between the Sections. The remains
were interred in Newman Swamp cem
tery Friday afternoon in the presence
of a large crowd. Mr. Reynolds was
a prominent 'farmer and leaves a large
A man who used glue to thicken the
ravy in the meat pies he sold at Old
ham, Englanet is now serving a three
-monh' sentence in thre iail there.
PAY TO BE LONELY.
Instanes of Persons in Whom the Gre
garious InstInct II MIssing.
Not many people would pay $1500 a
year for the privilege of never seeing
a human being. But this is what!
John Farren. a notorious hermit. who
resides on the coast of Sutherland
does. He is perfecting an invention
which he firmly believes will bring
him undying fame. though what the I
nature of his discovery in no one
knows. His house is entered by climb
ing up a staircase to the second floor,
and at the foot a retainer is always
I on duty to keep away strangers, while
seventeen other servants are similar
ly employed all the year round in
various parts of the grounds.
.Many will remember the case of Dr.
Borthwick. the wealthy hermit of Ath
erly Edge. He owned a fortune of
$500,000 in all, but some time before
his death he purchased $440,000 worth
of jewels and tapestries from London
merchants, and then threw the whole
lot into the sea off the coast of Angel
sey. With the $60,000 remaining. he
built himself a house, sheltered by a
high wall, so that no one could over
look him, and then engaged six watch
men at handsome salaries to keep the
inquisitive at a distance. After paying
several hundred a year for the privi
lege of being lonely, he died seven
years ago, and left the balance of his
fortune to his two nephews.
Probably no man ever went to more
trouble and expense to be lonely than
did Josiah West, a retired woolen man
ufacturer, who resided in the Mid
lands. Being an extremely ugly man,
he became impressed with the idea
late in life that it was a trial to his
fellow mortals to look upon him. so
he laid out his fortune in cutting him
self off from the world.
The first thing he did was to pur
chase a large area of land, in the mid
die of which he built himself a house.
in the shape of a square, with all the
windows facing on a quadrangle in
the centre. Then, although-he had a
small army of keepers to guard him
from the curiosity of strangers, he
bought up a neighboring village. con
sisting of sixty-two houses, and razed
it to the ground to still further insure
his solitude. From that time forward
until the day of his death he never set
eyes on a human being, all his food
being delivered to him through a trap
door built in the side of the house for
Saurier. the eminent French novel
st, also laid out a large sum of mon
ey in order to be lonely. He had a
perfect aversion to human beings of
both sexes, and declared that he could
not work with any one in the same
house as himself. Eventually he spent
$80,000 in building a room beneath
the lake iii his grounds, which was
approached by a subterranean passage,
and had a plate glass roof. It was in
this room that he wrote several of his
finest novels, and here he lived for a
number of years without hearing the
sound of a human voice.-Tit-Bits.
A Human Interrogation Point.
It was refreshing, too, when a young
child traveling eastward from the far
West held a conversation, close beside
me with a pallid mother. I never saw
a woman more utterly exhausted, while
the child seemed as fresh at sunset as
at dawn. It was when the through
train on the Boston and Albany still
stopped at West Newton, and the con
ductor had just called with vigorous
confidence the name of that station.
After a cause the child exclaimed as
vigorously, "Mother'" to which the
mother responded. perhaps for the two
hundredth time that day, in a feeble
voice, "What, dear?" when the follow
ing conversation ensued:
"What did that man say, mother?"
"He said West Newton." A pause
for reflection, then again: "Mother?"
"What?" "What did that man say
West Newton for, mother?" To this
the mother, with ani evasiveness indi
cated by despair, could only murmur,
"I don't know."
This was too well-tried an evasion, and
the unflinching answer came: "Don't
you know what he said West Newton
for, mother?"- Thus demanded came
the vague answer: "Said it for fun of
it. I guess." By this time all the oc
cupants of the car were listening
breathlessly to the cross-examination.
Then came the Inevitable "MIother,"
and the more and more hopeless
~What?" "Did that man say West
Newton for the fun of it, mother?"
"Yes." said tihe poor sufferer, with an
ever increasing audience listening to
her vain evasion..
The child paused an atom longer: and
then continued, still Inexhaustible, but
Ias if she had forced her victim into
the very last corner, as she had. "What
was the fun of it, mother?"-Atlanltic.
The short story Art.
The art of short story writing nas
not become a widely popular accom
plishment in this country, according
to the testimony of the judges in the
Collier prize story contest. There were
no less than 12.000 stories sent in for
competition and William Allen White,
vho was one of the judges, states that
ach of the first ninety-five in every
hundred could be cast aside with five
minutes' reading. Only one in a hun
red contained the rudimenits neces
ary to make a good story--even a
passably good story. The work of the
amateur, says MIr. White, may hide it
self for ten pages, and then stiek up
ike a sore thumb in a trite handling
of an excellent situation: but the pro
fssional writer, the skilled workman,
hows his presenlce in the first sentence
proves himself in the first paragraph.
nd establishes himself in the read
r's confidence before the first 500
Tho Iron in the Blood.
"Iron in the blood." expresses, no
dubt a chemical fact- as well as a
fgure of speech, but probably not One
in a thousanid, even among chemists,
eeer saw ferrum sanguinis material
ized to visible metals. This feat, how
ever, has been performed by 31. Bar
ruel head of the chemical laboratories
of Paris. M1. Barruel. wvho has. in
ime racticedl muclh phlebotomy on
the human rnubjct. ha:s systemati
el ly extracted chemically tile ferru m
from the other constituen:ts. This he
transformed into minute globuies or
"pearls" of iron. At last the idea oe
crr to him to have the:n all wvelded
together, and the result is an iron ring
made fromi human blood. whichi he
GOOD * 1
How Good Roads Pay.
~Oy.N an article in "he Bulletin
of the American Geograph
0 0 ical Society there is a dis
cussion by A. P. Brigham
v of *Good Roads in the
United States." in which
the estimated handicap of the people of
Maryland due to bad roads is $3,000,
D00 a year. On dirt roads the cost of
transporting a ton a mile is twenty
five cents, while on railways it is
three-fourths of a cent or less. By
water the rate varies from one-fourth
to one-twelfth of a cent. The ocean
rate is one-fifth of the canal route,
one-fifteenth of the railway rate and
ne-five-hundredth of the country road
Railway rates improve, but dirt road
rates never do, says the Baltimore
Sun. In 1869, for example, the eost
per ton mile on the New York Central
Railway was 2.4 cents, while in 189n
the cost was only seven-tenths of a
cent. showing a large deduction; bit
the preliminary haul to the railway
station over a dirt road costs as much
as ever. By making a good road for
the farmer the State may reduce the
cost per ton mile of hauling freight
from twenty-five cents to eight cents,
thus saving the farmer seventeen
ents per mile.
In New Jersey it is found that on
Improved roads a team hauls four or
five tons, against one ton on an unim
proved road. At $3 a day for man and
team this means a saving of from $9
to $12 for a ten-mile haul. Good roads
justify long distance hauling by team,
which is worth while in the case of
perishable produce and furniture likely
to be injured by the delays and rough
handling of the railways.
In Belgium wagons carry freight six.
ty to seventy miles. In this country
the roads are generally such as to re
strict the market for many articles. It
is said to be as cheap to take freight
by rail from California to the Atlantie
as to convey farm produce over dirt
roads to Raleigh, N. C., from farms
only fifteen miles away. Naturally,
farms made inaccessible by bad roads
are worth less than those which enjoy
good transportation facilities. Or. to
put it differently, good roads enhance
the value of farms, adding materially
to the price for which they will sell.
Good roads, in effect, put money into
the farmer's pocket, whether he re
tains his farm or sells it. What he
pays in a road tax-if the road is im
proved by a trained engineer-is re
turned to him a dozen times over in
the increased selling value of his prop
erty, to say nothing of the decreased
cost of getting the hauling done. The
road tax lifts other taxes.
Various gains accrue. The isolation
of farm life and its dreariness vanish
when communication is easy. If the
farmer, his wife, sons and daughters
an finish their day's work betimes and
visit neighbors three miles away in the
evening, or flit easily to town, they
think better of rural life and are more
disposed to hold on to "the old place."
Schools, mails, shopping, social enjoy
ment-all are brought within easier
reach by the improved road. But by
"improved- road" is meant a road made
under the supervision or an engineer,
not the product of undeveloped ideas..
Working for Wide Tires.
The Bureau of Road Inquiry of the
U~nited States Government has been
making a study of the width of tires
prescribed by local and national au
thorities in various parts of the world.
In France every freighting and mar
ket cart, instead of injuring the high
way, improves it. Many of the tires
are ten inches wide. In the four
wheeled vehicles in that country the
rear axle is fourteen inches longer
than the fore, and as a result the
rear wheels run in a line about an
Inch outside the level roiled by the
front wheel. After a few loaded
wagons have passed over a road the
highway looks as if a steam roller had
been at work. A national law in Ger
many prescribes that wagons heavily
loaded must have tires not less than
four inches wide. In Austria the min
Imum for similar vehicles is six and
one-half inches; in Switzerland, six
In a number of States In this coun
try laws have been passed granting
rebae of highway taxes to citizens
who use on lumber wagons tires not
less than three inches wide. On toll
roads in Kentucky and several other
States farmers hauling loads in wide
tired wagons are entitled to lower
rates than those paid by the owner's of
At an experiment station it was dem
onstrated that It requires forty per
cent. more power to draw a load on
a wagon drawn with one-and-one-half
inch tires than on one with a three
inch tire. With a Baldwin dyna
mometer careful tests were made with
loaded wagons drawn over blue grass
sward. In a wagon weighing 1000
pounds it was found that a load of
3428 pounds could be drawn on wide
tires with the same force required to
move 2000 pounds on narrow tires.
Moreover, the wide tires did not Injure
the turf. while the narrow ones cut
through it. In some parts of the coun
try pioneers in the use of wide tires
have had to stand a good deal of ridi
cule. The manifest benefit to roads,
however, soon changes public senti
ment. The president of a leading
wagon manufacturing company states
that the demand for wide tires is in
reasing every year. Another company
in the same line of business conducted
a series of tests, using a Fairbanks
dynamoeter carefully calibrated, and
was convinced that on very hard roads
the preference. so far as draft is con
erned, is for narrow tires. In the ef
fect upon the roads, rowever, wide
tires have the advantage.
Catherine's husband. the Holstein~er,
was a bibulous boor streaked with in
anity: Catherine herself was a clever,
oarse. jovial virago, absolutely lack
ing in moral sense; and from their
wretched son Paul downi to the present
generation their descendants have par
taken of their quall'ies in various
~lends. Such qualities. from no per
onal fauit of their own, prevent the
Ho olstein-on~offs from being either
successful autocrats or good constitu
tional princes.--Sergeaut's "Catherine