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two meetiu e
er been our prive
any neeting that was .
a higher plane. The :%
were among the foremost en:'
tors and leading citizens of the
whole country and the spirrit of
the meeting throughout was most
catholic. Nothing was said by
any Northern man that could
have given offence to any South
ern man or woman, and Southern
courtesy was fully sustained in
the similar action on the part of
the Southern representatives to
ward their invited guests.
A twrite-up of this Confer
euc. , Ould be incomplete without
special mention of its president,
Mr. Robert C. Ogden. From any
standpoint from which you may
consider him be is a remarkable
man. His success as a man of
affairs has been fully established.
As a public-spirited citizen fully
interested in all that pertaius to
the upbuilding of the community
he has provenhimself a power in
local matters in the metropolis of
the country. As a philanthropist,
who knows no section and no
creed, he is proving himself second
to no one in America in promul
gating the greatest educational
movement of the age. As a pre
siding officer he is ideal. Of a
commanding appearance a n d
pleasing personality, possessing
a fine sense of humor and with a
wonderful aptness for saying the
right thing at the right time,
always on; time and giving the
closest attention to every detail
of the program, he presides with
ease and dignity, commanding
the respect of every one in the
audience. As a host superb he
proved himself in fitting up the
excellent train of ten of the finest
Pullman and dining cars, paying
all the expenses of his 105 in
vited guests for their fif teen- days
trip through the South at a cost
of not less than 812,000, and
giving himself the greatest con
cern about the ccmfort and con
venience of every guest all the
while, 1t requires but a glance
at him in the hotel lobby or on
the rostrum to see that he is be
loved and esteemed by his co
workers and that his is truly a
phitanthropic spirit. The great
Dr. Curry in his long life of de
voted service to the cause of
education in the South did no
greater work than discovering Mr.
Ogden and enlisting his time and
talent in behalf of the cause of
education at large and especially
in the South.
We were not one of those who
-expected to find the negro in the
woodpile and if we had been we
would have been most wofully
disappoin ted. Most of the speak
ers were Southern men,-Southern
to the core, yet truly patriotic
American citizens. The inter
pretation of the Confe'nnee, of
what it is and what it stands for.
was given by Dr. Denny, presi
dent of Washington and La
University. The Thursday morn
ingsession was turned over whol
ly to the superintendents of edui
cation in the Southern states.
-who were all present but three
and who dealt with the different
phases of educational progress
as exemplified in their respective
states. The dual problem of ed
ucating the white man's and the
negro's child from the same
public treasury and in d1ifferett
schools was treated with comm ien
dable seriousness and earnest
ness on the part of the repre
sentatives from both sections ol
The distinctive f.?atures ofid
ucational progress in the South
that were studied were local tax
ation, the establishing of libra
ries in rural schools, the consoli
dation of the various schools in
a district and the transpor-ting
of the pupils to the consolidated
school, and the building upa
system of county high schools.
It is a significant fact that the
last mentioned received the most
consideration. To bridge the gay
between the rural school and the
college is the vital edneationa
problem of the hour. Thirough
contributions by the Gen~er:u
Board of Eduction, which is veryv
closely identified with the Cion
ference for Education.,i couty
high schools have been e~xab
lishedi in Georgia and other
*Ne w t
of the l
as the first v
aiversity of t
ords of wit ]
a deep and'j
.on upon theL
aud their friends
it was to enjoy
.rolina's place in the 1
ts filled with credit and
an. In the words of
.e and adieu by his ex
eeh, ey Governor Heyward, it
was clearly demonstrated to the
visitors that in their chief eN
ecutive South Carolinians have a
man to be proud of not only for
healing the wound of factionalism
that existed in the State previous
to his election, but also for his
zealousness in removing from the
State any stains upon its es
cutcheon on account of the
ignorance of any of its citizens.
Governor Heyward responded
fully to every demand upon him
by virtue of his official position.
Mr. Martin, as the representative
head of the State's department of
education, proved easily a second
to none of the state superinten
dents in forwarding the cause of
education in his state. Gifted in
his humorous, illustrations and
with a pointed way of getting at
everything, he is a most popular
and forcible public speaker. Mr.
Martin has lost no opportunity
since he has been superintendent
of education to identify himself
with the most progressive ed
ucators and leading educational
movements in the country by
attending the various educational
meetings and is ranked as second
to none of the superintendents
of the Southern States. Then,
too, he is getting a deeper and
deeper hold upon the teachers in
South Carolina who recognize in
him a leader not unmindful of
their best professional interests.
Perhaps the greatest ovation
given any speaker on the program
was that to Supt. W. H. Hand
of the Chester graded schools
at the conclusion of his remark
ably forcible and pointed address
on 'Compulsory Education." M.r.
Hand han for a number of
years bee i oked upon as second
to no0 mt-. in South Car olina
in p)ublic school work and on this
occasion won a deeper admira
tion for himself on the part of
his fellow teachers at home and a
very warm place in the hearts of
these representatives of the
nation, who were 'deeply im
pressed with the able manner in
which he dealt with this very
vita.1 phase of public education
in the South.
Columbia too rose to the de
mands upon her as hostess of
this great educational gathering.
The homes of her best citizens
were thrown wide open to her in
vited guests from abroad and
from the State and they were en
tertained in true Southern hospi
tality. ' The city schools pre
pared a treat for the visitors by
maing a complete exhibit of
terschool work in every de
dairtmaent. It won from~ all the
->ue testimouy that no better
school exhibit u'as ever made
XiAmeries. It was a reve
ation to the school men ol
:beSate and riationi. So comn-.
I lete and sawgtsuve is it that it
I-,o':ld be canI it.l t, all the prin
ip summer eaboos in Soutb>
Jardi&na this vaar and be mad,
i p ut of the permanent exhiba
oft thet State fair. Giviug hoito
:o whom honor is d ae would no
beC e >mplete witb bout an expressionJ
i f comm1edation of the admnira
ble work of the Columdia State
in behalf of the Conference pre
viu to its coming to Columbia
and in its most complete report;
of all the proeedings.
Fairtield was represented at.
the Conference by the following:
Suut. D. L. Stevenson, Dr. J. J.
Rliertson, C. P. *Wray, Hon. J.
(G. Mcans J.QO. Davis, Supt.
L. TUaeJ. Frank Fooshe,
and 3Iiss Bessie McMaster.
Limitations of time and space
tor'bid our making further note
o-f this great educational gather
iun, tLbegoxd effects of which are(
sure to be felt for many days to
The sy mpathy of the entire
staite goes out to 3Ir. Ogden and f
his party on account of the
wreck that demolished their train
:nd caused personal injuries to
several of their number. c
Fvoh v' Ifoe and Tar contains no
.'pi:i andl can safely be given to chil- 1
rco and1 i pcuiliarly adapted fort i
on has beeD called
icg of pigeons by the
s about town. What
ie cruelty of the thougnt
rt on the part of the boys
in so many instances they
de instead of killing the
is. Such sport should not be
Julged in at any time and
specially is this true at this sea
on of the year, when there are
o many young squabs in the
It is a trite saying, but none
be less true that the teacher is
heschool. This is most forci
ly demonstrated in the instance
f Dr. J. W. Hudson, under
hose supervision Mr. Zion at
ained its greatest prosperity.
)r. Hudson's powerful person
lity so completely permeated the
smosphere of the historic school
hat new life came to it and he
vas indeed Mt. Zion. The over
hadowing of-the past under his
>rilliant career has made place
or the common error that he was
he founder of Mt. Zion. It is
well to keep the records straight,
iowever. The Mt. Zion society
;vas founded in 1777. While our
orefathers were fighting for
heir civil independence, they
were also laying deep the founda
,ion for their freedom from the
hraldom of ignorance.
Mr. and Mrs. W. W. Brooks
and family retnrned from hei
Mrs. C. M. Ladd paid her pa
rents a visit last week.
Misses Alma Milling and Maci(
Yongue returned from a visit tc
Miss Hugh Kennedy of Chestei
yesterday. They were accompa.
nied by Mr. Walter Yongue.
Miss Savilla Owings paid Mrs.
Brooks a visit last Friday. She
is home on a shoit visit. She
has just completed three course
at Draughon's college in Colum.
bia - stenography, typewriting
There will be services at Salen:
)n the 7th. We will have twc
sermons and will have commu.
nion on the following Sabbath.
The death angel has called it
our midst once more. The lit.
tle sufferer was little Dicksor
Yongue, son of Mr. and Mrs
J. M. Yongue, aged nine months
Another little helpless darling
that God saw fit to keep in a deli.
cate state has been taken. We
all extend our warmest sympathy
to the bereaved family. La.
May 1, 1905.
fleeting lit. Zion Society.
Mount Zion Society held its
annual meeting Monday morning
All the old officers were re-elected
as follows: H. A. Gaillard, Pres.
A. S. Douglass , senior warden,
'. H. Ketchin, Secty. and Treas
A financial report was read fronm
the trustees of school district Nc
14, giving a full statement ol
receipts and expendiure to date
As this report will be covered by
the annual report of the board
of trustees of school district Nc
14, the partial report is noi
printed at this time.
The report of the library com*
rittee showed that the library is
still being largely used. The re
port will be published in full nexl
week. An appropriation of $30
was made to the library commit
bee on the condition that a similai
amount be raised by coutributione
On motion, a committee ol
three, consisting of J. Franlk
Fooshe, J. E. McDonald and
I. W. Hanahan, was appointed
to inquire into the advisability ol
increasing the special levy for the
listrict from two to thfee mills.
Should this phange be deemed
expedient it would nyake possible
an increase of not less than $200
per year in the revenues of the
school district and also effect a
rediction of on~e mill in the
town's taxes, as th~e appropria.
ion of $GO0 to the school distriet
is at present cogld be discon
J. A. Erice was re-elected as
ut. Zion's representative on the
Letter to 4 Winnytqom Bqiljer.
Dear Sir; You want a cheap
ob of paint for a cheap house,
It's Devos. It's the regular
:hing in Devoe; there's nothing,
n all paint, so cheap as Devoe.
Oh,. yes, you can paint with
nud; but that isn't paint; you
vant it to look about right for a
noth or two.
Paint Devoe; can't do it for
ess; there's nothing so cheap; say
lothing of wear, there's nothing
o cheap as Devoe.
It goes so far; save gallons; to
catter about the price, save gal
ons. A gallon of paint, put-on,
osts $4 or $5; save gallons.
Devoe is your paint; save gal
ons; Devoe is your paint.
56 F WDEYOE &CO
John H. McMaster & Co. sell
eai a. ,. The Kind You Have Always Bought
Some Antebellum Schools and
The following history taken
from an article written by Frances
H. Whitmire, principal of the
West End Graded school, in
Union, S. C., is very interesting:
One of our most famous early
school was the Mount Zion
School, in Winnsboro, S. C. It
was established by Mr. J. W.
Hudson, a native of Darlingtou
county, and agraduate of the South
Carolina College, in the class of
1823. He went to Winnsboro as
a lawyer, but soon entered the
field cf pedagogy, where he won
distinction. In 1833, he taught
in a small wooden house, back of
the old brick "college," where
Mr. R. L. Edmonds taught the:
more advanced nunils.
Mr. Edmonds was an Irishman,
who had taught at many places
along the Atlantic coast, from
Norfolk, Va., to Winnsboro.
Soon after this time he went to
Florida, where he was accidentally
killed many years later. When
Mr. Edmonds left, Mr. Hudson
took charge of the school, where
his reputation drew pupils from
several states, sometimes the num
ber reaching two hundred or more.
His wife, who was a Miss Good
wyn, assisted him with the lower
classes. During his day, lie had
many assistants, quite a number
of whom made their mark in the
world. A few of these wrote
books of more or less merit.
Mr. Hudson was a tall man, of
fine appearance. He had a
slight deformity in one foot,
which rendered the use of a cane
necessary. He always dressed
neatly in black, and his striking
figure was a conspicuous object
on the streets of Winnsboro, in
the afternoon or on Saturday.
He was a fearless, determined
man,andsucceeded in breakingin
all the bad boys sent to him, and
of commanding and holding the
respect of all. his pupils.
Mr. Hudson died of an. apo
plectic strok in 1857, and is buried
on the Mount Zion school grounds,
where his friends have erected a
monument to his memory. This
campus was the camping ground
of Lord Cornwallis and his
troops. Upon it stood the Corn
wallis oak, where it remained
until four years ago.
Probably the most original
teacher of his time was Joshua
Whitmire Jones, who taught a
Male High School at Calhoun
Falls, in Abbeville county. He
was a graduate of South Caro
lina College and a man of fine in
tellect and scholarship. His
eccentricities prejudiced many
against his instruction, and per
haps impaired his usefulness as a
teacher and a man. He was a
Universalist in religion, having
been imbued with the ideas of
Dr. Cooper, while at South Caro
lina College. He was known as
the "Barefooted Teacher," going
unshod most of his time. Mr.
Jones kept a pack of forty hounds,
and with all his pupils, indulged
in fort-nightly fox chases. He
would say; "Now, boys, the best
man will tail the fox!" The usual
result was that Mr. Jones returned
wearing the precious trophy him
self. Notwithstanding the inde
pendent ideas promulgated at
this school, it sent a great many
brainy brawny fellows to college
who made their mark there and
in after life.
Professor lbosa,.a man of finish
ed education, a graduate of. one
of the New England Universities,
taught a male academy at Lime
stone. Here a great many young
men were prepared for college,
quite a number of them finished
at Wofford. Amiong these may
be mentioned Charles Petty, of
Spartanburg, whose daughter is
a fine newspaper reporter, now
working in the north. Professor
Rosa was a small man, but of a
very determined character. Ec
was considered a tine disci
plinari an. He married a teacher
at Limestone College. After
giving up hisscoo work, he
moved near Georgetown, w]here
he spen~t the remgirnder of~ his
Furman University wa firs
established as an industrial school
in Fairfield conty. The students;
worked a crop during the school'
session. The buildings were
destroyed by fire, said to havye
been set by a dissatisfied student,
One boy perished in the flame
After this, 3n 185i2, the se -
was moved to Greenville. 4ool
it was made the stat, , where
Universi~s. The or-aBaptist
used here were -, adings first
Dr. James C. ,~ ented houses.
man yers .furman~ was for
ceede yr gresident, being suc
ceeecibyDr. Charles Manly.
an FL3 lhved only a few
f'ears after his resignation, dur
ing which time he occupied a
chair im the faculty.
At Fishidam, the present site
of Carlisle, Professor Haskell, a
V ermont yankee, had charge of a
well petronized school. He
became noted as a fine instructor,
and a great many young men
from other counties were sent
here. Mr. Ha~skell was succeed
en by Mr. Geo'rge W. Hill, who is
still living at Carlisle, and who
can, no doubt, telus many things
When you go to a drug store
and ask for Scott's Emulsion
you know what you want; the
man knows you ought to have
it. Don't be surprised, though,
if you are offered something
else. Wines, cordials, extracts,
etc., of cod Over oil are plenti
ful. but don't imagine you are
getting cod liver oil when you
take them. Every year for thirty
years we've been increasing
the sales of Scott's Emulsion.
Why? Because It has always
been better than any substitute
Send for free sample
SCOTT & BOWNE. Chemists
409-415 Pearl Street, New Yor
50c. and $1.00. All druggists
No Doubt About It.
In reply to an inquiry to Mr
T. H. Ketchin and the clerks o:
the Ketchin Mercantile Co. it
regard to whether their big ful
page ad. which they had beer
carrying for the past four week:
had paid them, each and ever'
one expressed themselves ac
most thoroughly convinced thai
it had proven a fine payin
investment. People from al
sections of the county came tc
them saying that they had seei
their big ad. Such a big ad
could not fail to attract attentiot
and it is highly gratifying to w
to know that it proved so satis
factory. Our rerders need no
be surprised to see such ai
advertisement from this firn
again in the near future anc
others firms will find it decidedly
to their advantage to make sucl
a liberal use of printers ink.
It pays to advretise. Th
Bigger, the Better.
A Lesson in Health.
Healthy kidneys filter the impuri
ties from the blood, a nd unless they (1
this good health is impossible. Foley'
Kidney Cure makessound kidneys am
will positively cure all forms of kidne:
and bladder disease. It strengthen
the whole system. Sold by McMaste
Erskine's Representative Wins.
Last week we announced tha
R. L. Patrick of White Oal
woul0reresent Erskine in th
itrolgiate oratorical contes
at Greenwood Friday evenin
April 28. It is now our pleasur
to announce that in that contes
Mr. Patrick was easily the winner
This is one of the highest possi
ble college honors in Souti
Carolina and it is a matter o:
pride that it was won by a Fair
field boy. Having won in tha
contest, Mr. Patrick will be the
represantative for the Cileges o~
South Carolina at the Southeri
Intercollegiate Oratorical contes
to be held at Monteagle during
Mr. Patricl is a son of Mr.
S. R. Patrick of White Oak and
has just passed'his 23rd birthday.
At he age of 18 he left home tc
teach an 8 months school in the~
western part of Edgefield county
The following year 19 otor'ed
Erskine college taxing a ver
high stread in his class. He ther
dropped out of coll'ege for twc
years, teaching during that time
at Cornwell. He re-entea
Erskine in the fall of 1903j and is
now a member of the 'untior class,
expecting tc~ tate the A . B. degree
in J3%Lj Mr. Patrick is a
and energectic member 4 4
Euphemian Society. 'gis, eglc4
to secure an 'ucatica :
worthy o( iba high,eg go'r
dation and m nake ge4c'2.
has come to, him 41 th
prized. Je mo:
The Qudy Kes
cnain~cc, Mr. 4 and Courlu
in fa~ll. Itig , dtrick's orati<
mog;-acy a v Qbject was"D
iegoratia, adying." This wint
a tha y will be published in f a
da s ews Herald at an earl
WAINNSnOn~o, S. C., May 2, 1'0..
Thie ne(xt Teacher' E:xaminatio
will be held Fidav, Mayv 19, 190->.
Ini addition to'the regularsuhieet
iuestions5 will lbe submlittedI on Hughe
Mistakes in Teachin;., Peterman's Civ
(Governmtent andl Current Events.
The teachiers are also advised Io re:i
"Thle LaIst of the Mohicans"' and "Th
T1he State Summer Schiool will bh
held at Cleruson College .June 21 ti
The Catawba Sununer('1 Schl2O, wicE
(Tmbrces Fairtield, will be held a1
Yoirkville June 18.
D). L. STl EV ENSON,
5-.-0 Co up.Edctin
hasstodthe test 25 yeam
bottles. Does this record
ris still leadi
and Em bro
You will have to .ee
how we can sell them
ures. We will not be
Anew lot! o nMer's
su it s or slinve piece at
Summecr Dress Good
Cal' and eaieo
It will pay you. We
your hard=earned do!!:
Overalls a specialty.
bee our line of Ladit
Men's and Boys' Shi
Yours for busii
I have just received 1
Flooring and Ceiiing;
Rough Lumber, all cut f
Shingles, Laths, MoTh
building materiais alwa
A full stock of Buggie
Everything in Furnitu
riages and Organs.
This is the place to ge1
Our stock of Dry Good
There is Atl
wVern tt corr
It is a satisfaction & ,o
The Best in Rams--r .
The Paest iPea9 i
The Rest in - ' ,
Tlze ,esg> .une* Cor
in F ~inApl
CanneX ;eet Po
- All f .he break~
s Tas teless Ch
's. Aver age Annual Sales c
of merit appeal to you?
ng n LacesXX9
them to understand
it such very low fig
and Boys' Clothing in
3 in proportion to the
and Misses' Shoes
variety. Prices right.
ent is full and com
stock before buying.
:an save you some of
Is' Dress Skirts.
rts of all grades.
L Prices on
:wo carloads of Dresse'
Weather-board sing av id
romn 1ong-leaf pine.
[Iding, Brick and r
ys in stock. the
and Harne- ss atspca
re aby Car
a good QoMy
;and N.etio, . Stove.
.1s wiji inter
~s to Buyirng
that you are getting the best, the
.elmet and Gondola.
fast foods in stock.
iley's Can dies are just fine.
W. C. BOYD.
wver One and a Half Milhlos
No Cure, No Pay. 50c.
Rl ane. ot Liver PUIS.