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SUTHERN *C f
TOPICS OF INTEREST TO THE PLANT
Making Poultry Profitable.
if you want good, strong chicks, you
must "begin at the beginning.' and
see ihat the stock that produces the
eggs is strong and vigorous, since a
healthy chick can only be hatched from
a strongly fertilized egg. The germ
in an egg from weak, diseased stock
will always be weak and will never
produce a strong chick, if it hatches at
Dry feeding is the very best for
young chickens, and any of the pre
pared chicken foods are good. Feed
thi.; for the first two weeks. and then
feed wheat, rolled oats. and cracked
corn and you will raise ninety per cent.
of all chickens hatched. Keep clab
bered or buttermilk before your chick
ens every day: it will make them grow.
help keep them in good health. and
make the hens lay more eggs.
A good dry chicken food is made as
follows: Cracked wheat, twenty-five
parts: pinhead, or rolled, oats. twenty
parts: finely cracked corn, tifteen parts;
millet seed, ten parts: meat scraps,
ten parts: granulated charcoal, five
parts. This can be fed five times a day,
-all they will eat up clean. and your
chicks will never have bowel trouble,
the poultryman's worst enemy.
When a farmer says he would like
to keep poultry if he bad a suitable
place for them, he simply means that
he is not interested enough to make a
place for them.
When your fowls are droopy, and
ailing, it is alwr.ys a good plan to first
find out what is the matter with them,
before beginning the indiscriminate ad
ministering of drugs. As soon as an
ailing fowl is discovered it should be
removed from the flock and isolated.
after which its casrshould be studied.
and medicine. if given at all, given
A hen may be considered to consume
one bushel of grain yearly and lay ten
dozen. or fifteed pounds. of eggs. This
is equivalent to saying that three and
one-tenth pounds of corn will produce.
when fed to a hen, five-sixths of a
pound of eggs, but five-sixths of a
pound of pork requires about five
pounds of corn for its production. Tak
ing into account the nutriment in each,
and the comparative prices of the two
on an average, the pork is about three
times as costly a food as eggs. There
fore, it will pay better to feed waste
milk to fowls than to liigs, if not
enough for both. There are little
things in the poultry business of minor
importance. apparently, that, if neg
lected, will c'hange success into failure.
There is no other live stock business
wherein punctuality and eternal vigil
ance are so necessary as in the rearing
Sorehead among poultry is of very
-common occurrence at this time of the
year. It is a phase of roup. catarrh or
- inflammation. aggravated, if not caused.
by neglect. foul air, damp quarters or
-exposure on the roost at night. In an
advanced stage the head becomes in.
flamed and swollen on one or both
sides. often obstructing the sight and
many times resulting in the loss of one
or both eyes: but the appetite is good
up to the last, unless internally affect
ed. Roup, or sorehead. usually appears
as on epidemic. and if a cure is not
effected. will spread through a whole
flock. In the early stages of the dis
-ease, a cure can be effected by injectong
into the nostrils with a machine
"'squirt'' can a. little kerosene oil, and
putting a few drops down the throat.
Anoint the head, if swollen, with carbo
lated vaseline. It is not advisable to
save a bird that has lost an eye from
roup. as nine times out of ten they
never fully recover from it. and are
sure to have the disease again as soon
as cold, wet weather sets in once more.
Doctor in early stages, but use the ax
if too far gone, and bury the carcass.
Fowls that have the run of a green
clover patch will lay more and a larger
number of fertiie eggs than on any
other kind of food. They will do this
even on no0 other grain ration than
corn.-Charlotte (N. C.) Observer.
* Home Garden-Prize Article.
A good vegetable garden is a real
luxury that even t'ie poor may enjoy.
if willing to devote a little time and
energy to its culture. Vegetables and
fruits should be furnished freely to
the table all during the season, and a
supply of winter varietics ready when
cold weather comes.
The size of the garden should be
regulated by the size of the f~mily
and their fondnoss for vegetables. It
should contain 'besides a full variety
of vegetables, an asparagus bed and a
number of the small fruits.
-The garden spot should be a rich.
sanldy loam, well draised. The soil
should be thoroughly pulverized and
mixed wvith some good manure. Most
people prefer well-rotted cow manure;
but if fowl-house manure is used spar
ingly it cannot be excelled. Owing to
the strength of this manure. if used
too freely it will cause the plants to
The best garden spot will be a fail-4
Jets and Flashes.
Deafness in women is due to their
iailure to practice the part of listen
No, Cordelia, an undertaker isn't nec
essarily familiar with the dead lan
Every girl thinks there is a chance
.for a young man to attain perfection
d by propcsing to her.
A weomn's idea of a secret society is
one tihat is organized for the purpose
of swapping secrets.
The soorer a man gets rid of the iaea
that he was cut out for a political lead
er the sooner he will become a useful
A fool bigamist tries to get rid of
his first wife by taking a second.
It takes a genuine society woman to
say unpleasant things pleasantly.
Soldiers who are to take part in the
Chesapeake Bay war game went into
camp on the shore of Hampton roads.
King Edward and Queen Alexandria
arrived at Algiers.
Three Marylanders were among the
15(0 Americans received in audience by
ARM :. fIOTES.
-R. STOCKMAN AND TRUCK GROW ER.
ure if an inferior quality of seeds is
used. so great care should be taken
along this line. Buy from a reliable
seedsman and select only those varie
ties that are not for quality. In the
home garden we want quality rather
Supposing that our garden has been
thoroughly prepared, the best seeds
used; we have only to see that we
give it the best culture. and we may
expect success. Even when drouth is
expected we can greatly reduce its ef
fect by frequently stirring the surface
soil. As soon after every rain as the
ground can be worked, the garden sur
face should be stirred t,. prevent a
Seeds should never be planted in
lumpy soil and often seeds sown in
mellow soil are lost by not making the
soil firm after planting. When plant
ing seeds by hand the firming is quick
ly done by gently pressing the foot on
the seedbed. It requires a little
thought to know just how deep to
cover seeds. Some gardeners say a
covering of soil three times the thick
ness of the seed planted is right:
others say half that is sufficient, but
no certain rule can lead us. We must
remember that germination depends
on warmth, air and moisture. and try
to cover so that all these be freely sup
plied to the seed. In winter a lighter
covering is required than in summer,
when the moisture is seldom equal to
Seeds germinate faster in the dark.
and with the small seeds that re
quire such a shallow covering of soil
it is a good plan to shade with piper
or straw until signs of germination
appear. when this covering should be
Don't plant too thick. Crowded
plans never make fully developed
specimens. We should consider every
plant in excess a weed. also plants out
of nlace. such as cabbage in the bean
patch and tomatoes in the potatp patch
Those who grow all their plants
should have a hotbed for starting the
varieties that are not hardy. such as
pepper. tomatoes and egg plant. After
danger of frost is past. transplanting
should be done late in the evening, or
on a cloudy day. Later, when plant
ing for a succession, it is best to plant
in rows and thin to a stand. Trans
planting is most successful if the tops
of the plants are shortened by cutting
off almost half of each leaf.
When sowing very weak seeds, some
seeds that are strong growers may
be mixed with the weak ones to break
the crust for them, as harrowing the
seeded just as the plants are ready
to come out of the ground often de
stroys many of the plants.--Writtenl
for the Southern Cultivator by Mrs.
E4 W. McElmurray, Augustt. Ga.
Fighting the Boll Weevil.
I am the originator of three methods
'hereby the Mexican boll weevil and
all other noxious insects preying upon
otton may be destroyed:
By planting in alternate rows ricinus
tnd cotton, the dehalation of the former
will kill all insects in- nll states of
By adding to the fertilizers the con
entrated poison of the crushed beans
the cottonl plant will feed upon it and
By adding to the fertilizers hematite
iron high in phosphor and low in iron
pyrites and sulphurous silicon.
I am the first to suggest the use as
plant food of phosphor compounded
with iron, which will be accepted by
the plants more readily, and the inval-'
uable device of providing soluble suil
phur and silicon to the roots of culti
vated plants and trees and shrubs.
The cost of the ricinus beans,
crushed, is next to nothing, while the
>ther three ingredients wili not exceed
4 a ton. Adding these ingredients to
the fertilizers used at present, half
the usual quantity would be sufficient
and a saving of about fifty per cent.
could be effected. If used for tobacco
the advantages of this fertilizing com
pound would be:
All insects would be destroyed or
The tobacco plants would be shaded
by the taller ricinus plants.
The permeation in time of the soil
with iron, making it like Cuban soil,
which is rich in iron.-A. J. Lustig, in
the New York Su:a.
A Home-)Iade Grubber.
Mr. J. H. Curry is the fastest and
most expert "grubber" we have ever
known. Neither Davidson nor Forsyth
County has his equal. I watched him
for five minutes one day this week, and.
I think he took up more bushes and
trees in that time than I had ever
seen done in one hour before. His
plan is this-he has a large log chain,
hooks it around a sapling about four
feet from the ground, hitches two
nmnis, gives the word. and the bush
comes up. It is a real euriosity to see
him operate the machine.-Pilot i.N. C.)
News of the Day.
The Swiss police are being train~d1
in the London model. The chief. who
recently visited England. was much
impressed by police methods there.
Probably the best description that
has been given of the 3;032 carat Cul
linan diamond is that of a London
newspaper man, whd saw it and said
it looked like "a diece of washing
soda." The man .vho found the dia
rnand has been baid $10,000 by the
Premier Mining 'Conny.
An English laborer arrested on a
charge of theft which proved to be
false was found, ton being searched at
the police station, to have gold, silver
and bronze coins in various parts of
his attire to the aniount of $870. The
weight of them wat 40 pounds.
The South Kensington Museum.
London, is rejoicing 1.1 the arrival of a
skeleton of a diplodccus, a present
from Andrew Carneg:e to King Ed
ward. It came-from Pittsburg in 36
cases, having been found in Wyoming.
It is the first diplodot-us to visit Eu
rope. and is an intertesting comnbi-1a
id. in its structure, of reptile ad
CHIJSTIN ENOA!OH NOTES
The Making of a Christian: his exer.
cise. Jas. 1: 22-27. (Conse
There is no virtue in listening and
hearing; it is nothing until transmut
ed into doiag.
There is no reality in an image in
a mirror; as unreal and unsubstantial
is speech without action.
Yet it Is by this "foolishness of
preaching" and hearing that men are
to be saved; the danger Is r.ot In
the hearing, certainly, but In being a
Even religion may be "de-led';
and the religion most defiled of all in
the eyes of God is the religion of a
hypocrite that is made up only of
It is a sound principle never to al
low one's emotions to be stirred in
favor of a good action, without at
once performing it.
That a Christian is "known by his
fruits" is not to say that the fruits
make the Christian: it is the Chris
tian that makes the fruits-it is the
union with the Vine.
Christ's desire for us is not that we
bear fruit, but that we bear much
fruit. We are not half ambitious
enough in our Christianity.
Every valuable exercise my be
carried on without apparatus. It does
not need wealth and learning to do
grand things for God.
One may harm his body by wrong
exercises as much as he benefits it
by right ones. See that what you do
for Christ is what He wants you to
When we are weak in a certain part
of the body, you take exercises adapt
ed to that part. So there are kinds of
church work that will build you up
just where you are weak spiritually.
To be most beneficial, exercise
should be regular and systematic. So
with our Christian labors.
The athlete keeps a record of his 4
growing powers. and the record hElps
him to grow strenger. We should
know in the same way that we are.
growing stronger in definite Christian
What definite Christian work am I
is my work for Christ up to the
measure of my powers?
Is there any work which Christ
wants me to do that I am not doing?
NORTH LEAE LESONS
SUNDAY, MAY 7.
The Making of a Christian; His Ex
The Epistle of James is one of the
nost practical of all the books of the
Bible. It combats those tender cies
which threatva to paralyze the spirit
Lial life of the church, and never mnore
han now in this age. It exalts thet
octrine of salvation by works. The I
special section which we study is the I
istinction between hearing and do
ing. It emphasizes the thought that
othing can avail in real religion.,
ther than really doing the will oft
od. Profession is not enough. :here
ust be the exercise of the Christian
races. A Christian is made not by ~
being bor:1l andl fed alone, but in the 1
xercise and dlevelopment of Christian
There is a vast difference between 1
earing and doing. One may be a
evout hearer without becoming a
oer of the Word. But one cannot t
e a doer without first bei-.g a hearer.
The gospel is God-s message to a 1
lost and dying world. The institutiont
f preaching is God's ordained plant
Cor saving the world. We can hardly
verestimate the value of hearing as a
eans of grace. No activity in Chris
tian work can atc'ae for a failtre to I
hear the Word. If God calls men to (
preach, he calls others to hear. But e
the danger is that we become only
earers; that the repetition of the 1
essage will harden the heart unless
it be heeded and obeyed.
To hear and fail to do is practical
athism. To be a "doer' is more than
doing. It is more than a single act
f obedicace; It is a habi:: of obedi- r
mee. To be a doer is to so habitu- d
ly obey that we translate all pre- I
epts into active life. To hear and to e
o is the whole duty of man. We are a
o be doers along both the two lines '
f within and without the church. We lI
are to refrain from unbridled tongues,
having respect to persons, ad neglect ,
of the poor; we are also to keep our
selves unspotted from the world.
Not services, but service. Is the true
criterion. Not attendance upon the.
preaching only, but transforming that1
preaching into life, Is thie highest ~
Christian duty. The true ambition off
noble life is service. We are to
hear the Word, of course; but we are
o watch against. only hearing. We
are to "work out our salvation" In the
sense of doing right. WE are to be
ome a-n habitual "doer of the Word."
WOMAN HATER FOR 60 YEARS ~
Now Daughter of.Girl Who Jilted Him C
Gcts Silis Fcrtune.
Isaac Sliders of Webster City, ~
o~a, reh'iously kept a vow for six
y ars that no woman shou d cross
af threshold or enjoy a cent of his
wealth. Now that he is dead the
carefully drawn will by which h~e
hoped to perpetuate his vow has been
broken, and the bulk of his estate
goes to the daughter of the woman
who jilted him and made him a hater
of all womankind.
Showers came West years ago from
New York to make his fortune, leav
n behind him a girl who had prom
ised to wait for him. When he be
came wealthy, as wealth was counted n
in those days, he journeyed back to e
:laim his bride, only to find that she ci
had married his brother. Without a y
word he returned to Iowa. When his c
father died, leaving a considerable F
estate, he refused to take any share of T
it because his brother was adminis-. b
In his own will he left his vast acre- y
age of valuable lands to various F
schools, aid societies and churches. ~
Mrs. Edward Price. dauighter of the p
girl who jilted him, contested the V
will and has broken it, and will in- S
heri somen mno than $250.000. U
An anemometer at San Francisco
;howed a wind velocity of over 120
niles an hour on May 19. 1902. At the
nountaiff observatory on Puy de Dome
56 miles an hour was recorded on De
ember 9, 1901.
Twentieth century physicians are
ather slow-going plodders, after all.
"ingalese books of the sixth century
ire stated by Sir Henry A. Blake, Gov
rnor of Ceylon, to have described six
y-seven varieties of mosquitoes and
24 kinds of malarial fever caused by s
The nerves of eyes and stomach show
remarkable interdependence. A late
medical writer finds that eye-strain
-auses digestive disturbances, seasick
aess and even constipation, and that
tomach disorders affect vision, while
emorrhages into the stomach are
ometimes followed by blindness. (
A new single lens, the Zeiss "Verant,' t
auses photographs to stand out In re
ef as under the two lenses of a stereo
cope. The lens is conveo-concave, so
hat the axes of the rays from different t
arts of the picture meet in the eye.
nd the focal length should equal that
)f the camera taking the photograph.
The electric waves of Herz were t:
ound by him to measure 150 feet from
rest to crest: but those used by 'Mar
!oni in telegraphing across the Atlantic
ire 600 feet long, or more. These waves
ravel at about the same rate as light
-aves-which measure only a few mil
ionths of an. inch-or with the almost
neonceivable velocity of 184,000 miles
er second. s
Plating iron objects with cadmium is
he interesting new metallurgic.l
Lchievement of a German chemist. The b
ati is prepared by dissolving cad- (
nir m chloride in water, precipitating
ith sodium carbohate solution and
isolving the washed precipitate. while
till moist, :n a solution of potassium
yanide in water. Cadmium anodes,
tre used, with a current of four to
e volts. The deposit, after buffing,
as the same color as tin, but is harder.
Two Germans have discovered a
nethod by which they can hear plants
-row. In the apparatus the growing
lant is connected with a disk. having
n its centre an indicator which moves
isibly and regularly, and this on a
cale fifty times magnified denotes the
rogress and growth. Both disk and
udicator are metal. and when brought
n contact with an electric hammer. the
lectric current being interrupted at
ach of the divided interstices of the
isk, the growth of the plants is as
erceptible to the ear as to the eye.
Little Girls "Bait" for Fishermen.
Mfore fishermen are supported in the b
shing season at the little town of *
~ardo in Norway than :n our own
amous Gloucester, or the Ernglishb
;rimsby. At Vardo everybody helps i13
e work-men. women. aiid even the
bilden. JIames B. Ccnnoliy writes,inr
[arpers Magazine, that hle saw innun
rable little girls of :ine or ten sturdily~
tanding in the cold air that rande ther
'aces and fingers blue, while they p a
ietly baited their fatherz' and~ broth
ns' trawls. Their nothers perfomemd a
he same wcrk whiil th, exhatusted
shermen snatched- the tv~o-hours' sleci F
hat constituted their night'.: rest in f
he busy season. It is ne uucon~mon t
hing for a single merchant to have C
everal hundred thoasand nair's of fsh
ianging out to dry at once. in prepara
ion for the market. Mr. Connolly
ailed and fished with the fishermen
eselves, and gives a very enter-r
ainig account of their peculiar ens
How MJark Twain MIade Five Dollars.
All boys like to earn a few pennies
ow and then. but Mdrk Twain tells
f a very unusual way in which he
nec made the princely sum of $5 as a
mall boy. At cne e-chool he attended
nere was a strict rule ::gainst mar:'
g the desks. Any boy discovered mu
ating a desk must ->e punished-being
ffered his choice between paying i35 tc
r taking a public whipping. The ir
sistible combination of a shiny-topped
.esk and a brand-new knife in his
ocket was too much for Mark: he sue- a
umbed to the temptationm :nd whittled
vay until the ' teacher caught him.
he punishment was set for the fol
wing day, and Marks father, think- m
ig it a pity the lad should be publicly fu~
L-hipped, gave him a lecture and a $5
'ill. Five dollars looked pretty big to hi
ark. He thought it over carefully, fc
nd when the time came, with the bill
a his pocket, went up and took the km
Cultivated Ugliness. I
Here are some of the deformities
hih careless women cultivate:
A heavy lower lip-induced by a pout.
D)ulI eyes with heavy lids--induced
y apathy and indifference.
Creases between the eyebrows-in
ned by had temper.
Pimples-induced by tight lacing and
Round shoulders-induced by wrong .
tting and wrong reelining and failure h
take exercise. C
Goggles-iduceed by straining the C
Hollow cheeks-induced by nervous
Stubby fingers-induced by biting the bc
Bent toes--induc'2d by wearing tight y
Freckles and tan-induced by going TI
atless in the hot sun.-Pittsburg Dis
Yawning For Health.
A German expert on gymnastics an- on
ounces that one need not go to a well- an
quipped gymnasium in search of a N
urre in health-giving exercises. Deep
n 'ing practiced as a regular exer
se the cheapest and surest road to
er t health. We are still familiar s
P. :he theory that systematic deep
ra. :iing is an excellent thing for the
ongs, and it is on similar grounds that
awning is rnecomn~ed~e. The ex
ansion of the breast-bones and the
retching of the arms which accom
any a whole-hearted yawn. together
ith the filling of the lungs, forms a
lendid daily exercise.--Chicago Jour- p1
f THE DAY
Mother has a lace collection,
Sister goes for rugs;
Others go for books and pictures,
Buttertiies and bugs.
One thing, though, they all omitted
So, the whirl to join
Father works with toil unceasing;
He collects the coin.
"Five hundred dollars for my vote?)"
orted the crooked legislator. "Sir!
ow dare you offer me this gross in
"Pardon me," replied the lobbyist,
'ho knew his man: "this offer is not
ross. but positively net."-Pblladel
"Why is Belle so bitter against
"He arose and gave her his seat in
Je street car."
'Why. I should have thanked him."
"She did, and he said: 'Not at all.
[other always taught me to be polite
) old ladies.' "-Chicago News.
Skemer-"I think I'll get married."
Ascum-"You surprise me. I didn't
aink you had a girl."
Skemer--I haven't yet. but a fellow
ave me a wedding ring to-day in. part
ayment of a bill he owed me. and I've
ot to get the worth of my money."
Not Exnctly the Same.
"I received Your Majesty's message."
aid the new missionary. "Did I un
erstand you would do me the honor to
all upon me and dine to-morrow?"
"Almost correct," replied the canni
al chief. "I said I would call and
rii upon yon to-morrow."-Catholic
tandard and Times.
"John." said Mrs. Oldham. "this is
[ae Summergal's intended."
"Do tell!" exclaimed the old man. 1
Glad to know ye, Mr. Legion."
"Pardon me. but my name is Browne,
"Why, she told me her beau's name
uz Legion."-Philadelphia Press.
"Let's go over to Baxter's pond to
"Oh, it's too fur. Let's skate here on
"But the ice is a heap thinner over at
"All right. Come ahead."-Logisville
Trouble Began Bight There.
"I am going to compil'e a book of my
ty's smart sayings." declared proud
[rs. Noowed. "What do you think
ould make an appropriate title?"
"Borrowed Brightness," suggested
This was why they stopped speak
Work After, Not Before.
"If you had a million dollars would
keep on working or would you
nock off and take the world easy?"
"You have got that twisted," replied
lurry. "You take the world easy be
re the million comes, as a rule. and
en you have to work to keep it."
Lcnnati Comnmercial-TribuneC. I
a lid Sufferer-"Does pulling a frontg
oth like this one of mine hurt t
Husky Dentist-"Not a bit! I nevert
rained my arm over anything but
moar."-New York Press.
His Good Point.
Bins-"You don't seem to take to
y little boy. He has some mighty
e p points."t
Splnks-"Yes, there's one thing about
rn that any father should be thankful
Bns-"Ah! Thought you'd ac
owledge it. What is it?"
pinks-"Hes not a twi."-Cleve
ud Leader. .
A skatorlal Sensation.
'Do you skate?"
'I skated once."
'Do any fancy stunts?"
'Write your name on the ice?"
No. But I wrote it large in the
'How was that?"
"I skated into an airhole and they
d to drain the pond to get me out."
eveland Plain Dealer.
1rs. Homer-"I wonder where Mrs.
ees will make her home now that
t of her daughters are married
thh her son-i-law in Newv York or
th her son-in-law in St. Louis?"
jer - "I don't knowv, I'm sure.
icy oth want her."
dr Homer-"ndeed? What dutiful
[oe--"Oh. not necessarily. The
e in ew York wants her in St. Louis
d the one in st. Louis wants her in
ww York."-Chicago News.
Just a Suiggesi~on.
heheadoring mother surveyed her
La son with an admiring eye.
II don't know what to do with my
lli." she said to her next door
ighbor. "he has such a large head:"
[he neighbor had children of her
n., and was both resourceful and
-nbl-tngued when it came to pay
off old scores.
'If there is any danger of his top
u oer you might weight his feet."
- said thouhtfully - London Tit
Redt For the Mober.I W
You cannot serve your ramily better a
:han by resting yoursel. An over- ol
red mother cannot makt sunshine in ki
he home. Try to take ,ven half an hi
our of complete rest somt time during d(
he afternoon, says Womal's Life. It
will often be hard to ge away, but m
nake a duty of it and youwill accom- ti,
lish it. If you were ill be children in
rould have to get on with'ut you; let bi
:henl. do it while you are kieping well w
:or their sakes. Think ovet the things k
hat can best go undone, and leave
;ome of them whil! .-ou sleq. Rest is G
nuch cheaper and .more agrfable than ti
i doctor's bill, and if you d( not ba-e C(
me you -will surely bate~ th( other. cl
Mestructive Dress Trimming. .
If a hostess his rr uncertin -smile c,
nd a wandering glance when greeting T
guest. it is -safe to suspect that she .
s looking for sharp buckles ,nd but- 01
ons before venturing to seat tle new
>omer in one of her mahogany chairs. tE
f signs of these tabooed ormments ai
e discovered the wearer is gently per- w
uaded to try a seat padded an( cush- le
oned. With feminine perversty she
isually manages to wriggle into the
test bit of. polished carved wood-while
he hostess is momentarily distracted
q watching another arrival. Ix this f
onnection it is interesting to note that
he popularity of cut steel and :et is P
s unabated as that of mahogany.- ai
ebraska State Journal.
Tips For Spring Season. . P
All-over embroidery constitutes many b;
f the handsome gowns for evening d
A few of the spring coats repeat the b
alla- wes effects of last year, but the n
najority hare flat turn-over collars. f1
All the sheer materials that were for
nerly confined to. summer are now p
ised for evening hose wear all win- r4
One of the prettiest hat fashions and m
ne likely to be repeated next winter v
s the small turned up French felt t!
vith a wreath of tight little roses a
Iropped on it by accident. half on the e
rown and half on the brim. t
Embroidered linen crash is a spring b
Stripe effects predict much favor.- o
ew Haven Register.
Let's Brush Up. e
Too many women when they become n
ives and mothers cease their reading a
.s they forget their songs. Bright i
peech and a good story may be told u
rer the coffee with much better effect
han the recital of the household wor- *
les and the ways of the handmaiden, n
opis in high favor with most women t4
rhen the man of the house returns at ti
ventide. There is nothing as fascinat- ~
ag to the masculine nature~ as the ele
aent of uncertainty in life, in business l
d all the contingencies of life. That l
why he gambles in great things and d
small. Chance is the modern Circe.f
nd well do women know this. yet it t
experience alone that teaches thenm f
hat the only way to hold the love and b
aterest of a man is to keep him guess.
ag what chameleon trick she will next e
pring upon him. Once realizing and a
eting upon this knowledge. she holds a
he key of the citadel, his heart, and r
aay defy the world. b
New Thin Goods.
The shop windows now biossom witht
he thinnest and daintiest of fabrics, t*
he first offerings of spring and sum- c
aer cottons. These patterns are of the
hoicest and very often are exclusive
d- not to be duplicated later. For thate
eason rather high prices are usually ~
sked for them-.r
If one may judge by the first cottons
own, the coming year will be notable
or the number and the beauty of tub
owns worn. The old favorites, or
ndies. dimities and flowered muslns,0
re on hand, as usual. Organdies with
.eep borders are sure to attract atten
ion. The old rose designs are beauti- a
u in these bordered patterns, and
here are many new d~ysigne. One int
pple blossoms waz lovely. The colorst
rere green, brown and white, just h
ouched with bright pink, as the realt
pple blossoms are. An arbutus design
ras also charming.
The new ginghams are very attrac
h-. Besides the ordinary thing, there d
re silk ginghams as fine and as lus
rous as foulards, although laundering ~
night somewvhat diminish the gloss of
he surface. There are lace ginghams.,
ome of them as sheer as net. Theset
re not expensive, and will make pretty
norning and house gowns.t
There is a new cotton voile very like
ingham in texture, which comes at a
ow price. It is to be had in white and
carly all coramo, colors. The light
due is especially good. They are ad
iable for shirt waist srlits.-Philadel
A Woman's Pocket.
For one blessing man is enviable-his
)Ockets. Woman occasionally has a
oket but she can't use it. "Put in a
OCkt,'' she pleads. and the dress
naker sends home the new skirt with
pocket stowed away in the recesses
f a ook-up placket hole. It is not a
-orkabe pocket for three reasons:
First, it bulges if there is even a ~
anndkerhif in it. destroying the sym
i itry of the outline. I
Second. things aimed at it rarely sue- J
eed in forcing a'n entrance. but fall t
logiside, downward with a whack on
Third, who could fumbie through a
role row of hooks and eyes. placed in
h centre of the seam at the back?
Xs a trifing obstacle in the way of
,lnd manipulation it may mentioned
hat such hooks are usually of a tricky
aent, or they would not stay fastened
At the hem of the garment, under
bee foundtion'' frill, pockets like a
inv crescent-shaped pouch may also
e found lurking. A handkerchief can 1
eeose in one in safety. merely involv
a some suppleness in the owner, who
must execute a kind of dive in with-.1
rawing and reinserting it. A silk<
toundation sometimes accommodates
uite anpracta-lookimg receptacle, to 1
ich the unwary at first intrusts even
purse or a pocket k".' rd
jects dangling on a . the
ee are ill companions, and tnose who
ve once knelt on a latchkey never
sire to repeat the experience.
'I asked for pockets and they gave
e handbags," is the plaint of the pet
,ated throng, who wonder who will
vent them a third hand for their um
ellas while they guard their money
th their right and with their left
ep their garments from the mud.
In -the meantime, says the London
aphic, whbie fashion is decreeing
at sovereigns shall jingle in jeweled
at of mail-from the end of a slender
Lain, apparently designed for the
ady pliers of the thief, womankind.
ore cunning than they sbem, are
rving a way out of the difficulty.
ley may carry their purse for all the
orld to see, and a handkerchief peeps
it of their sleeves, but in many a
ken underskirt. where it will not in
fere with the set, is a pocket, roomy
id secure. There it is that the wise
oman keeps her gold and her !ove
Unemployed London Women.
Women as well as men are suffering
om lack of employment. Many.
omen are casual or irregularly em
oyed workers; many women's trades
e peculiarly seasonal fluctuations.
That some provision for unemployed
omen, as distinguished from unem
oyed men, is required, can be doubted
no person acquainted with the con
tions of industrial life; and if such
,vision Is to be really helpful it must
built-just as any such provision for
en needs to be -upon a basis of care
tI examination and classification.
Certain differences in the industrial
sitions of men and women were
cently dealt with by Miss Wyatt
pworth, who.pointed out: (1) The
ay of escape provided for women by
irious forms of domestic'service; (2)
e fact that, because many women
e not dependent upon their own
unings. the wages of women often
nd to be calculated upon what may
termed a "parasitic" basis; (3) the
illingness of women to accept forms
work and rates of pay to which men
ill not stoop. Touching lightly upon
e facts that the total proportion of
nployed women to that of employed
en slightly but steadily declines,
hile that of women in factory work
Lcreases, the paper went on to classify
iempoyed women under four heads
) Casual or irregulhr workers; (2)
orkers in season trades: (3) woriers
t wanted in the callings they at
mpt; (4) workers personally defec
e or economically ineificient-a group
'hich might include "harge numbers of
'omen over forty." With the genuine
idle-the female counterpart of the
afer and the tramp-Miss Papworth
id not deal; and the omission is just,
r such women soon drop out of even
e lowest ranks of labor; their case
rms. indeed, a serious social problem,
it the problem is~not industrial.
Next came references to the various
isting agencies for meeting the trou
le. and a remark upon the necessarily
kisleading chardeter of statistics de-.
ved from registries and employment
ureaus, as at present arranged, since
ie figures cannot possibly show either
e degree of overlapping or the degree
which* the clients of these institu
ons are merely actuated by desire for
tange of employment.
None of these agencies, however.
iost of which exist for other ends.
in claim to have solved the problem.
[iss Papworth classifies suggested
!medies under three heads: (1) Those
ealing with improved conditions of
'ork: (2) those dealing with improved
~lucation and training; (3) those deal
ig with the provision of work or of
pportunites. It was justly point
at that "physical degeneracy is the
iost irremedial cause, and the effect
so, of unemployment. -Therefore any
iing that is done to improve the na
onal physique is 'a direct contribu
on" toward the solution of the prob
m. Among such measures were noted
ie prevention of child labor, and the
vveling up of the conditions of home
ork by registration and inspection.
hortened hours and better pay con
uce also to physical efficiency.
What we need, first of all, is to bring
-er into the chaos of industrial comn
etition, to make, as Germany has
ade, centres of communication be
een the work-seeking worker and~ the
oseekin temployment. hroiemen
The open front seen on most of the
idels will give the lingeie blouse an
p~ortunity to show.
Generally speaking the leg of mutton
eeve is the preferred style for street
The redingote will continue .to hold
s own, undoubtedly, but the short.
tket or blouse will be preferred by
l majority of women.
There are any number of short bo
.os, some of them resembling thc
oe cape bolero of last season.
hld~r-s frocks and coats show the
ame lavish tendencies whe' distin-~
nh grown-up fashions.
Very pretty little directoire jackets..
rih fancy waistcoats and broad,
oted lapels also . appear amona
png walking suits.
A charming black straw hat has the
rm olled and pinched back and side
ri a jaunty shape. impossible to de
Tis is a good model for a linen suit
)eeloped in blue, pink, chalk white,
e brown linen, with plain straps. i1
rold be charming to wear with thin
. ie lnn blouse In hot weather.