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NEWS AND HERALD
WINNSBORO PRINTING CC.
J. FRA.NK FOOSHE, - - - EDITOR
TERMS, IN ADVANCE:
Six Months.......................... .75
WINNSBORO, S. C.
Wednesday, May 31, 1905.
The present condition of the
sorghum crop should. be a stim
ulus to planting still more of this,
the greatest of all forage crops.
This is a fine time for plauting
it, if you have not already planted,
or to increase your present acre
Within the next two week1
thousands of acres in Fairfield
county should be put in peas. It
will pay to plant them in drills
and to cultivate them thoroughly.
With proper attention they will
make as many bushels per acre
as corn. If not planted in drills,
they should be sown broadcast
for hay. Planted either way,
they contribute largely to the
enrichening of the soil. Be sure
to plant peas.
The government's report, giving
an estimate of the cotton acreage,
which is to be published Friday,
June 2, is being looked for with
intense interest. All the esti
mates that have been sent out show
that there has been a decided
decrease in the acreage. Latham
Alexander & Co. estimate a de
crease of 13.2 per cent, while
Theo H. Price & Co. estimate
the decrease in acreage at 17.3
per cent. The latter firm esti
mates also that the crop on the
19th of May was 70.08 per cent of a
normal crop, that only 79 per cent
of the crop had been planted at
that time, and that the crop is 17
days later than the normal.
"It's doing.something." These
were the words of the president
of Mt. Zion Society, when he
learned that the fuli amount asked
for the boarding school had been
subscribed. It is indeed doing
something when the town volun
tarily subscribes $1,000 as a
bonus for laranching an enterprise,
that promises so much to the
community. The unanimity with
which all have pulled together in
the raising of the necessary funds
for this school is a distinct credit
to the community. This getting
together not only insures the suc
cess of the enterprise in question,
but it also speaks great things
for the progress of the town in
the future. All pulling together
is going forward.
Loss From Exposure of Cotton.
We have frequently called the
attention of the farmers to the
necessity of taking the proper
care of their cotton, as it would
be greatly damaged if continu
ously exposed to the weather.
The following editorial from the
Wilmington Star, May 25th, con
tains some very valuable sugges
tions relative thereto:
The Star has refrained from the
occasional course of its contem
poraries of giving gratuitous ad
vice to its friends behind the hoe
who are the bone and sinew of
the country, and who are, in these
enlightened days of progressive
farming, generally better judges
of practical questions than many
who take a superficial or senti
mental view of the situation.
The Star is, however, in a posi
tion to know that many of its
friends are suffering serious loss
by the unwise exposure on the
plantations of thousand of bales
of cotton to the continuous
Spring rains this season, which
has been estimated, in many in
stances, as high as 30 per cent of
the market value. It has been
claimed by some of those who
have no storing facilities that the
bales will not suffer much injury
in the open if they are kept on
their edge upon poles which liold
them a few inches clear off the
ground; and, if the bales are
turned upside down after every
rain in order that the moisture
absorbed may be quickly evapo
rated. 1t is also claimed that
the cotton so treated will gain in
weight to the farmers' advautage
and that the risk ef loss by fire
is reduced to a minimum without
the expense of insurance.
It must be manifest by experi
ence, however, that these specious~
claims are not sustained by re
sults. Exposure to the sun and
Winter rain warps and defaces
the bagging, rusts the hoops, and
makes an unsightly package,
while the later warmer rains of]
the Spring heats the cotton, fer
mentation follows and in many
instances thirty to sihy pounds
of rotting and worthless cotton
must be removed and the bak
repacked in a crude and unusatis
factory way before it is fit for
shipment. We hiave seen in
Wilmington recently thiousands
of damaged b)ales waitiug for the
slow and expensive process of
picking before they can be ship
ped as merchantable. Many of
these bales must prove a loss of
at least a cent a pound to the
Moreover, the practice of expos
ing cotton at the' plantations
seems to be largely confined to
our own section-that is to say,
the Carolines. Farther South a
better method prevails and the
warehouse sytem is used by,
many farmers who have no storage
facilities. It should not be
overlooked that mill buyers and
exporters prefer the lots that
have been protected even by a
temporary and inexpensive shelter
which is within the means of
every producer. Thore is, then,
no question as to actual weights
and grades, nor any delay in
settlements, nor any rejection of
We are informed that some of
the principal buyers are now re
fusing to bid on exposed and
damaged cotton because of recent
heavy reclamations from mills at
home and abroad. We also learn
from representatives of Marine
Underwriters that insurance
against country damage will be
difficult to obtain next season,
even at advanced preminms.
It behooves the cotton planter
with these facts before him to
protect his cotton crop from dam
age by simple - and reasonable
precautions after it has passed
the inevitable vicissitudes of
frost, drought, excessive moisture,
rust, insects and other natural
and unnatural foes between the
planting and the picking of this
royal gift of God.
DR. MILLS DIES SUDDENLY
Was for ilany Years Pastor of Leba
non and Salem Churches.
(Camden Cor. to the State, May 25.)
Dr. W. W. Mills, for 22 years
the beloved pastor of the First
Presbyterian church of Camden,
died here this morning very sud
denly. Although he had not
engaged in pastoral work for
about a year on account of bad
health, he had performed the
duties of a faithful man of God
to the last, and had just left the
bedside of a member of his old
flock when the summons came.
He was a Christian gentleman
of the old school and was admired
and respected for his manliness
and pluck and much beloved for
his absolute devotion to his call
ing. Not alone as a soldier of
Christ has his duty been well
done. Dr. Mllis was among the
first to respond to the call of his
country when it was invaded by
the enemy, and his record during
the four years' struggle is a
precious heritage to his sons.
He volunteered in Sumter at the
beginning of the war and left for
the front with Capt. Harrington's
company, Col. Blanding's regi
ment. After the first year he
enlisted with the Seventh regi
ment of cavalry under Col. Has
kell. When Richmond was eva
cuated his regiment was guarding
the rear of the army and Dr.
Mills, a sergeant, always in the
front, was shot from his horse.
This wound through the lungs
gave him trouble in after life.
He was born in Sumter county
67 years ago last December and
lived there until the war broke
out. He graduated from the
South Carolina college and the
Presbyterian Theological semi
nary, and his first charge was in
Fairfield county, where he had
the old Lebanon and Salem
churches. He labored faithfully
here for 22 years, but had to give
up his charge last May on ac
count of failing healith.
Tbe funeral services will take
pac from the Presbyterian churob
to-morrow afternoon at 5.30
>'clock. Interment at the cemne
tery. The deacons of the churcL.
will offiaitte as active pn.llearer
and the elders a< hon' a~ary. H*
loving wife awtil fi'e .ebihion, a
follows, survive him: I-v. W\. B
[M.ils of Augusta, .\-r L.'
and Plumnmer Mii's '.f C>am I
Mr. J. E. Mills oif Datvnl-onI e
lege and Miss Mary. Miss, t
only daughter, of Camd. n.
Letter to Plr. McNeeley.
Winneboro, S. C.
Dear Sir: The way to buy
paint is to go by the name.
There is a name never seen on
sham paint or weak paint oz
short'.measure paint: Devoe.
There are a hundred differeni
names in paint. Some are sham;
some weak; some short-measure;
and some all three.
If there is another such paint
as Devoe lead-and-zinc, we don't
know it. There are a few fairly
good paint; a fe w; only one Devoe.
A gallon Devoe is worth a gallon
and-a-half of those few.
Mr. Aaron Higgins, of Plain
field, N. J, always used 15 gallons
of mixed paint for his house.
Last spring he bought 15 gallons
of Devoe and had 4 gallons left.
60 F WDEfoE &Co
John H. McMaster & Co. sell
SA.B T O R ZA.
Bears the A The Kind You Hae Alay Ehught
Flint Hill Notes.
Mrs. Tillie McNulty and little
Niargaret have returned to their
home at Hartsville, after a stay
of several weeks with her parents,
Mr. and Mrs. D. H. Hobertson.
Miss Lillie Mobley of Board
man, Fla., is with her uncle, Mr.
W. A. Neil, where she will spend
Mr. J. H. Neil of White Oak is
with relatives here this week.
Mr. J. C. Willingham has the
finest melon patch we have seen
Gardens are fiue and fruit will
be plentiful around here.
Miss Blanche Camak's school
will-close in about two weeks.
Mr. A. M. Durham is now post
master at Flint Hill, vice Mr. J.
Wood Durham, who has resigned
to take a position with a Rich
mond wholesale house. L.
May 20, 1905.
Cleared for Action.
When the body is cleared for
action, by Dr. King's New Life
Pills, you can tell it by the bloom
of health on the cheeks; the
brightness of the eyes; the firm
ness of the flesh and muscles;
the buoyancy of the mind. Try
them. At McMaster Co.'s, Obear
Drug Co.'s and John H. McMas
ter & Co.'s drug stores; 25 cents.
Professor Beaty Resigns.
The State of May 26 contained
the following notice in regard to
Prof. J. H. Means Beaty, one of
Winnsboro's sons who is reflect
ing great credit upon his native
town in promoting the industrial
developmelnt of this State.
Prof. J. H. M. Beaty, director
of the textile department of Clem
son Coll3ge, has resigned to
accept a position as assistant to
Mr. Lewis W. Parker. president
ol several cotton mills in Colum
bia, Greenville, and Greers.
Prof. Beaty has been director
of the textile school at Clemson
since it was started about seven
years ago. He had a hard task
before him when he began his
work here. This was the first
textile school founded in the
South, and there was a great
deal of prejudice against such an
enterprise. Prof. Beaty worked
hard and succeeded in establish
ing the school on a .firm basis.
Besides being a college man he
'had had a thorough training in
mechanics and had had seveial
years experience as a practical
mill man as the superintendent
of mills in Chester and elsewhere.
It was this fine practical train
ing that helped him in the hard
task he hadtbefore him, it was a
hard fight that he made and he is
to be congratulated .on the work
he has done.
It is with regret that he gives
up his work here, but the in
ducement offered for his services
was such that he could not refuse
to accept it. His removal will
be a loss to the college, and espe
cially to the textile department.
His many friends here wish him
success in his new field of work.
Russian Ships Sunk.
The last reports from the seat
of war in the East are to the
effect that in the naval battle that
has taken place between the fleets
of Russia and Japan, the.former
has been overwhelmingly defeat
ed. An official report, received
trom Tokio by the .Japanese lega
tion~ at Washington Monday even
ing, says that the Russian losses
definitely known include.two bat
tleships, a. coast defense ship,
five cruisers, two special ships
and three destroyers sunk, and
two battleships, two coast defense
ships, one destroyel' and one
special service ship captured,
while over 3,000 prisoners have
ban taken, including Rear Ad
niral Nebogatoff. The Japanese
rerpor ted as still pursuing the
tusae It will be some time
o~4re theo final result is known.
Yor Your Protection
we place this label on every
package of Scott's Emulsion.
The man with a fish on his back
is our trade-mark, and it Is a
guarantee that Scott's Emnul
slon will do all that is claimed
for It. Nothing better for luxr-,
throat or bronchial troubles in
Infant or adult. Scott's Emul
sion is one of the greatest flesh
builders known to the medical
We'll send you~ a sample tree.
SCOJT & BOWNE,"'lM "
DEATH OF hR. A. W. CLAYTON.
Was Once a Newspaper VcrkCr in
Mr. Albert William Claytom,
once connected with the new't
paper business in Columbia in a
responsible capacity, died at 1is3
home at Shelton iesterdav morn
ing after an illness of a month.
Deceased was a son of Rev. and
Mrs. D. B. Clayton who are resi
dents of Columbia, and a brother
of Dr. V. P. Clayton of Charles
ton. A sister, Mrs. Wheelwright,
Mr. Albert W. Clavton was
born in Holly Springs, Miss., 15
years ago and had lived in this
city a number of years. He was
editor of The Record before that
paper became The Journal about
12 years ago, and subsequently
did reportorial work in this city.
At the time of his death he was
farming at Shelton. The funeral
services will be held at Feaster
ville to-day.--The State, May 28.
A Double Wedding.
The following wedding invita
tions have been received in Winns
"Mr. and Mrs. George Har
greaves Aubrey request the honor
of your presence at the marriage
of their daughters, Rosa For
syth to Mr. Henry Elliott Good
ing, and Octavia.. Hutchins to Mr.
John Bradley Howard; on the
afternoon of Wednesday, the 7th
of June, at *4.30 o'clock, 'The
Shadows', Cartersville, Ga."
Mr. Gooding is a son of Mr.
and Mrs. It. C. Gooding of this
place. His home is now in Co
lumbia, where he holds an impor
tant position with the Southern
Cotton Oil company. The young
brides-elect are the granddaugh
ters of the late Chas. W. Smith,
known far and wide as "Bill Arp,"
the humorist writer. They lived
in Winnsboro for a year or more,
when their father was superin
tendent of the Winnsboro Granite
A Wenderful Saving.
The largest Msthodist Church
in Georgia used 32 gallous of
L. & M. mixed with 24 gallons of
oil, thus making paint cost 81.20
per gallon. They calculated to
use 100 gallons of other paint.
Saved about $80.00, and also got
a big donation of L. & M. Deal
ers gladly sell L. & M., because
their customers call for it, and
say they used it 12, 14 and even
30 years ago.
Don't pay $1.50 a gallon for
.linseed oil, which you do in
Buy oil freeh from the barrel
at 60 cents per gallon, and mix it
with L. & M. Paint.
It makes-pai'ntr cost about $1.20 ~
Sold by McMas'ter Co,, Winns
boro; C. P. Wiay & Co., Ridge
way; Kenne dy Mer. and Banking y
Mr. Baruch Buys Barony. t
.._ _ t
Mr. Bernard M. Baruch of New
York city has purchased thea
Hobcaw Barony in Georgetown
county, which contains the fain
ous duck reserves on which Gro
ver Cleveland has frequently
hunted. The Barony was granted
by the Lords Proprietors of
South Carolina in 1718 to Lord
Cataret . The Carolina Field
makes the following note in re
gard to Mr. Baruch, whose moth
er was Miss Isabel Wolfe of this I
"Mr. Baruch, who has won
fame and fortune in the nation's
metropolis is a Dative of South
Carolina, having been b~orn at
Camden. His. father, Dr. S.
Baruch, is a noted specialist and
ranks with the first men in his
profession in the world. Mr.
Bernard M. Baruch has brains,
youth, and genius; is of fine ad
dress and has traveled widely.
He began life with nothing and
has by industry and sheer force
of native intellect forced himself
to the front. His going to George
town is altogether fortunate as
he has the means and will to be
felt as a force for progress in the
The quack doctor is a patient
Book on California.
56 pages, 76 illustrations. .De
sribes California and the route
there. Chicago, Milwaukee and
St. Paul, Union Pacific and
Southern Pacific Line.
This is the route of The Over
land Limited. Leaves Union
Passenger station, Chicago, (i.05
p. m. daily. Arrives San Fran-'
cisco the third day in time for
dinner. California book sent for
6 cents postage. F. A. Miller
General Passenger Agent Chicago,
or W. S. Howell, 381 Broadway,
For Infants and Children.
The Kind Ycu Have Always BoughtI
A MATTER OF MEALTN
HAS NO SUBSTITUTE
Vegetables selec t e d
with especial care and
prepared with a dress
ing of mustard, spices
and aged, Mellow Malt
The flavor of such things are rather
hard to describe of course, but
Hein.Chow Chow is good enough
to warrant us in refunding the pur
chase price to those who do not like
it, so it ought to be worth a trial to
you at least. We carry a full line
of Heinz celebrated foods and
W. C. BOYD.
scholarship and Entrance
Trhe examination for the award of:
acant- scholarships in Winthrop Col
ge and for the admission of new stu-I
ents will he held at the County Cou rtl
louse on Friday, July 7th, at 9 A. M.'
~pplicants must not be less than fifteen
'ears of age. When scholarships are,
acated after July 7, they will be
warded to those making the highest
v-erage at the examination, provided
bey mieet the conditions governing
be award. Applicants for scholarships
hould write to President Johnson be
>ro the examination tor scholarship
Scholarships are worth 5100 and free
Lition. The next session will open
eptember 20, 1905. For further in
>rmnation and catalogue address
Pres. D. B. JOHNSON,
5-litd Rock Hill, S. C.
While a bilious attack is decidedly
npleasant it is quickly over when
Thamiberlain's Stomach and Liver
'ablets are used. For sale by Obear
Swift's Premium Han
fully guaranteed to be
IN MEATS- Lunch 'l
Humes' Columbia Riv
Pears, Gondola Peach
-yes, everything in c
superior to all others.
A big shipment of Qu
-Lownev's Cocoa and IF
The finest Cakes and (
Baker's Barrington Ha
tinue to use it, becaust
The quantity and
customers. Your groc
has stood the test 25 years.
bottles. Does this record of
""is still leading
You will have to see the
how we can sell them at si
ures. We will not be und
A new lot of Men's and
suits or single piece at bar
Summer Dress Goods ir1
rest of our immense stock
Ladies', Men's, Boys' a
and Slippers in endless va
Our Notion Department
Call and examine those
Waist Patterns and Jap
Mantle Scarfs and Table C4
Overalls a specialty.
See our line of Ladies' I
Men's and Boys' Shirts i
Yours for business
SCREEN DOORS aid NN
out flies and other insect.
ICE CREAM FREEZER
cheapest and best dess
Mountain Freezer is the b
JUST RECEIVED, A FR:
Valentine and Kentucky
Golden Dent Corn.
Early Amber and Orang
Edgerton's Harness Oil
Porter's Antiseptic Heal
Pratt's Poultry and
I have just received two
Flooring and Ceiling; We
Rough Lumber, all cut from
Shingles, Laths, Mouldirl
building materials always i
A full stock of Buggies an
Everything in Furniture.
riages and Organs.
This is the place to get a 2
Our stock of Dry Goods an
IPLETEOUR STOCK OF GRO CE]
ie right here for all your grocery wanti
get exactly what you want. Everythi]
LASS GROCERY STORE will be f<
ents will interest you.
s in Stock:
s and Breakfast Bacon, Armour's Gol<
the.best on the market. Finest Geoi
ack of Canned GI
Jongu~e, Veal and Ham Loaf, Ox Ton
er Salmon, the finest on the market.
as, Green Gage Plums, Apricots, Slice
inned fruits and all the best qualit
Never out of Heinz's Chow Chow, 5
een Olives just received.
remium Chocolates; Baker's Cocoa an
3rackers, all made by the National Bis
11 Coffee at 35c. per pound. All who1I
> it is the best, the very best.
qjuality of our stock are a full assuran<
ery trade solicited. All orders promp
Average Annual Sales over C
merit appeal to you? No Ci
fle i a Ten Cent, package of Gove's Black It
,m to un
nd Misses' Shoe
riety. Prices right.
is full and com
anese Drawn Silk
>vers, at a bargain.
Af all grades.
'INDOWS for keep
S for making the
erts. The White,
est on the market.
SE IG LER.
ESH SUPPLY OF
e Sorghum Seed.
carloads of Dressed
g, Brick and other
d Harness at special
See our Baby Car
;ood Cook Stove.
d Notions will inter-,
HIES IS, YOU WOULD
i, knowing full well that
ut that goes to make up
>und here. 'Our weekly
I Band and Star Hams,
gia Cane and New Or
gue, Tripe and Joseph
i and Grated Pineapples .
v. Heinz's Pickles are
>ur and Sweet Pickles.
tave tried it once con
~e of satisfaction to our
'ne and a Half Milline
are, NoPay 500.
oot Uver Pss