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(A:,rapos fu Dr.
saw b1m onec bre
As he u'd n th ,
The na .emenz stns r 1:m
As he to rer0 'er the .uwl
With his cane.
ThI -vs.1 that in his-;w
C : him1- downl,
Not :, better m .an w f nd
By the crer on his ro)und
Thro' the town.
But now he walks ihe stre-tz,
And he looks at aill he mce:s
Sad and wan.
ANnd he shakes his feeble head,
That it seens as ii he Naid,
*Tley are gone."
The mossy marbles rest
On the lips that he has prest
In their bloom,
And the names he loved to hear
)Jave been carved for mauy a year
On the tomb.
WHO GOT THJ
E.\LL I 9ow bona. this is
A\ iot like you to oject to my
u to Uurtonville.
You now a man's business
:as to be attended to. let
u:atters c as they may.
I'd like to let you go to the Springs, but
I really nmust go to Burtonville. and
You can get cousinl Melissa to come stay
with you wvldle I an away." And _Mr.
Lee iooke(d haif eagerly at the pretty
face of his wife as she busied herself
witli the tea nouring.
'Mona Sayton had lbeen married to
Horare Lee for about three years. and
he had been quite a model husband:
but here of late he had mide two or
three trips off without asking her to
.ieeompany him, a thing Mona did not
quite understand. and. she resolved she
would see Imiore into it.
"Wh' he said. looking up from the
11t muin she was buttering. "I
thought you attended to that nusiness
en the last trip you made up the lud
sol with 'Mr. NMoutin."
"(Oh. yes"-his fair. handsome face
fluishing cr.Imson-"so 1 did go up to
attcd to it: but there was a hitch
soiewhere. Women don't understainid
business. ad I don't want your pretty
head tilled up with dry dLet-Hils. but
thirk about youir music. your birds.
am go dolwn; t. Stedart's :m'd get that
silk pa:tern yon admired so much.
There. w that keep you from teas
ing? Riii nlong and pack :ae a change
or two of linen in limy valise. there is
a pretty girl." he continted. as they
os from the hreakfast table.
'Mrs. I.Ce said nothing more. but as
she0 busied iherself in packing her hus
band's valise. ther~e -n as a resolute
gen n in her pretty browvn eyes 1that
spoke vo~ms had 31r. Lee not been
so aL'sorltcd in his own alTairs as not to
"Hi'n:'" he muttered. "She was eas
her to manage thani I expected. I
thought there would be the lest bit of
u scene, but she took it niore quietly
tlzon I thiougiht. 1 reckon it is some-'
what lonely here for her when I am
gone. When I comle back I'll take her
for~ a trip to her uncle's, out in the
('oJ;]i ry. i'll show her I in raeu
ror' her ateg::i eseenee in this matter.
'-lurry up. nmy pet, or i'll be too ;ate
to ca tch the train." glancing nt the
1itl :0 cerk that stood on the mantel.
".It's a guarter' after seven now. *na
I've 1barely time to rechf the s::ntion.
TiIer.. Tihanks: I'm~ ever. so taineh
Thi;Wged. Shdall I leave w'ord for. cousin
Ili'hissa to emnel tup tih's 1:trning o
ti::s Vrth:g-:- ihe intquired. as he was
"aTI~aks. You need not st09- as T ci
v:lil he p:-r.e for time. I've half
umnl t te'~a w::d nnp till this even
ma. wben VII call ait ant Slinna'
and by' us:i LihsstaUne: with inc.
--Wg. e byal n:ean. Tak.e the
]y. ia. y\ wit \'2up thue inst nb.rht at
I.rs Har s recption: Imr. don't for
g:to en!ir is sa. Fil be bac:tk in
the or. 41--das at furthest. Tztkc
care of yourttself. By. hy"
After hec was :gone pretty Miona Lee
sat drwn and indnlged ini a heariy
cry as ahn:iost anly wonmani would in
lIte circuni~ttacs: but she sooni dried
her eyes a:id set about packing hecr
rekw:In suc~h 1:istLe that all preCpara-t
tionis were ermplete in a few hours.
Taking out her purse, she ecnunted
over her u n'ntey with :tn amNliots face.
"Two hundred-yes, two fifty. Sure
ly thlit is a.. much as 1Fil need. But.
-for fee: of an accident. hIl go to Ifor
tnee's p'arrtne. Mr. Blye, and draw~ an
other huntdred. I can tell him Pm go
ing nut of the city during Horace's ah
see. whaih I amn-and I dont care
wh1o kniow.s 1 amn going. so no one
knowvs wiwre I ani going. Hobrace
thinks he is de'nelving tme. but we will
see son-lin abIi~ t out that busines whi ch
is so liard to :attend to. andi' w~omen
enn't u ndcrLmnd. Wel., we wvill see
what we will see."
SiheL ran her i dtl anmd wvhen tihe 5er
I--ty yo've beeii wishing to pay
your moter at visit. Youi can go and
ste-: tiX si'rida:y. Here arc your
wges. D kind enough to relluest the
Jmsipr to remai~tin andU i ke ci:Ire
of the hou till next Friday. Shne enn
htn'Ut'y. he: ;il :ose whoi tak' holiday
to be~ heee by extI 'i.....n..nng
* * * *
.::y. .t~:'w~tas:N0 frn
--is Sil n a1 w:o -nt'r
-risa!. Shie is a regular lbeauty. thouih.
-*%. yo 'hu\*w her. 41o you? Intrcidcee
vne 0: bo. wn tyot: eagerly in
qe air M. Horace Lee, as he and his
friiw!, H arry Noreross. sat on the
verandol of one of thIe most not'ed hotels
31 a finitinatie waterin plae.iiW
So the urgent business ihat wos so
pressin m.titat. lie had refused to tatke
his youn g wlfe to the Springs was here
at this I:ntel e-1 the veranda, and it
semleed 1o be 1(mtinmg mnore nom less
My ;randmanmma has sid
IPoor old :ady, she is decad
Tord he had a oani no.
Arid his 'heek war like a rose
In the snow.
But ::hiiS nose is -0'.,
And it rests ;, i his chin
Like a stafi.
An,! a crook is in his back,
And a melancholy crack
In his !ath.
I know it is a sin
For mne to sit and gria
At hint he-e:
But the old three-cornered hat,
And the breeches, and all that,
Are so qu er!
And if I should live to be
The last leaf upon the trec
In the spring.
Let them srile. -s I do now,
:1 the old forsken bough
Where I elinz.
-OXivez Wendell Holmes.
BEST OF IT?
1 few days' pleasiure at this summer
esort while his wife riinled at home
alone. or, at best. her ol!y company
her old maid cousin. Th's was the
business that woien cou in't under
No doubt lie thought he could best
nfjoy himself minius his wife's com
pany, for here at the Springs he did
not scruple to pass as an inimarried
man, and many were the tiirtations lie
ngaged in while on these trips. Of
ourse. he meant no real harn, but lie
should have thought how lie would
bare liked his wife to have done like
Ti'ree whole days passed before he
ould succeed in getting an introdue
tion to Mrs. McKenny. for she was
re:y exclusive: but at last. one evening.
ijist at dusk. lie saw her promenading
)u the piazza in company with a lady
mvith whom he was well enough ae
'uainted to ask the favor of an intro
luetion to her friend. nrovided. of
ourse. "the Iady would do him the
"Ma:iy the fiends seize the darkness:
[ can't catch even the slightest glimpse
f her features: but from what l've al
*e:dy seen. and with that ::.uperb form.
4e cannot be aught else than beauti
tul. At any rate. I intend to cultivate
ier acquaintance so assiduously as to
nake up for the lost time. Jovel I've
tot to move fast. for my time is run
dg short. Well. here goes for a. day
)r two of fun."
From that night Mrs. McKenny was
)esieged. Bouquets of her favorite
owers. with tiny notes hidden in tleir
'ragrant depths. found their way to her
oom constantly. He was her escort
m their moonlight sails. rambles and
rives; but one singuhir thing that
truck him was that he had never yet
ucceeded in get :ing a sight of her
acC. HeI could niever meet her in the
aytimne. It was always night. and she
nvariably wore a vei! and a long.
eey scarf of sncwvy whiteness. whic-h
he wound turban-like around heri
roat anid head. and which he inwvard
"Why wvon't you remnove your vc:
ometimesr" he would say. "I nn
lver see your fae. Will you not raise
t now?" he pleaded, on one of their
"No. no: not now. ''she hastily re
>lied, in a hiusiiy voice. "I caninot
-oti out in thle ev'ening ail' w'ithout
ne' sc'ar'f. I hare to wxear' it for pro
etion. I am suh1)jC't to a1 weak thiroa:.
mdt I really canuo,. do without it."
"But you ecuhl raise it from your"
'ac just one half minute. ('a .ae
mtt Iteflect that I never yet have saui
"Do you really enare to see :ry fac'
ind,. it so. wihy? I may' disapi-)n
rui.' she r'ejieid.
''No. no: I knii'w. that y'our' face cant
ite nloni othe: thanl~ mo.<t lOveiy. i"
:unmer myi~ dev'ion't. I prayi yo~t. Myv
soui is starving f'or' a look into t:h:::
"I warn you that you wit! h' '.:ap
iointed. You moust take all the h'.txm'
upon01 yourself, anad I assure youm ::ow
that you will regret it ini two secoitds
after it is done"
"IRegr'et it? No. no. I shall he---"
"There are tod many observers niow.
hut if you real]y desite to meet m'e
L'ace to face. meet me inl the back dr'awx'
ig room to-mcerrow ev'ening a~t half'
past eight. That room is usua!!y de'
sected at that hour."
"How can I crecr tha nk you? Bat 1
don't think I can survive through all
the long hours~ till eight to-morrow
But I shall live by anticipations of the:
sweet triumpis of thatt hour."
All through the hours of thle tnext
day Horace Lee lounged about the~
hotel. whistling, smoking anld trying to
while away the tedious minutes. Al
dusk lie went out and bought a mnag
ntent bouquc t of freshly cut tioxxers
--amellias. heliotrope, tuberoso aral
geraiumn leavyes-which he sent up ti
M's. McKennyr's room,. with a w'ritten
verse'5 of tender. lov'ing poetr'y, and at
th bottom of it a request 1 hat if she
rc(ip'ostedi'f the tender feelinigs ex
pressed in the verse. wxou.hld she gtrant
his ireuest 1'; wxear a buinch of the
teloi rope in it r hair at the couming ina
When the appotintei hour' of the meet
iig came lie 1epa ired promiptiy to the
dra'wig. r'om. In the semi-dariknes'
he thi' ugh~t 11th'oam unoccupiedcu but a:
o~nhe awa :amiini:r tihure spirit
ne nea the:ti. wxhhi allnam
raisedinth act of tumrning on thu
It rin hiis siep as he entered thei
om. the latdy slowly turned hrer~ fa:c
toward him. as at the samte momni
she flooded tl'e room with light.
"Merciful hieavens: Mona:"
"Yes. Horace: it is I."
Horaice Lee hung his head. When hi
raised it shamie and remorse seemiet
struggling fcr mastery. At last li
"Well. Mon. you've got the best o1
it. If you will forgive me I'll solemni:
swear Ihl never be guilty of thi:
"'n forireyu Inn rTinee and ll1 for
bar to ;- ehoaeh you; but are you ready
to Zo 1o1e to-diay .'
-Yes; but. Mna-and here he looked
sheepish-"don't let this get out. Keep
up the character, and just give out that
you are going home. Go off Ly your
self. and I'll overtake you at the iiext
station. Nolbody will suspeet."
Mrs. Lee was hurt, but she felt that
she had so much the advantage that
she could afford to he generous. so she
pacied up and loft for home. 'Mr. Lee
joined Mrs. Lee at the next station. and
as they journeiyed to New York he
promised faithfully that he would
never be guilty of such an ind:scretLon
'Mrs. Lee never exposed hinm to any
onw, and 'Mr. Lee reformed iron that
hour. 'Mrs. Lee avers tliat he would
have -one on for years. and brought
her no end of trouble. had she not had
the courage to follow him and play
her little game. For. says she, sup
pose I had done, as so i:iimy wives do
sat down here at hoie and crie(d Ili
my grood looks-away. and where would
we have been? Separated. without a
doubt. So let us rejoice that she was
of true courage.-New York Weekly.
The heating properties of a special
coal. says the Engineering and 'Mining
Journal. depend mainly upon the ear
bon content. the oxygel being usually
of no value. because it is colibin(ed
with hydrogen .s water. li gas coals,
however. the excess of hydrogen is a
naterial factor in heat production.
An exp'.rer who. by stress of cireui
stances. has often been obliged to eat
the flesh of animals not generally used
as human food, says that grilled lion
steaks are delicious and much super
ior to those of the tiger. The flesh of
the rhinoceros. he says, when proper
ly prepared, has all the good qualities
of pork. The trunk and feet of young
lephiants resentble veal, and stowed
boa constrictor is a good substitute
Tweity-four steel carriers of the
larger class will join the ore and coal
fleets of the great lakes during the
comlin.;- season. They are mainly steam
;oats over live hundred feet long, only
three of the two dozen big ones being
in the four-hundred-foot ciass - one
four hundred feet long over all, and
two 464 feet long over ali. These
tigures are interesting as- showing the
tendency of miarine investment on the
great lakes.-Milwaukee Wisconsin.
A Washington mar. has invented a
s.ow compressig iachile that may
bie of practical utility inl removing
snow from the streets of cities. sinc'
the snow when comupressei occuiples
i mutch less space t0an before. The
loose snow is shoveled into a hopper
wh ere cylindrical screw roll ers s: mi
hr to those of a sausage grindter coml
1)rLSS it iinto six sided moulds and
turni it out into solid caikes that mal~y
e automatically cut into any desired
Dr. L~edue. the well known Paris
medical scientist. lhas been makin"
some exp~eiments which show that
electrieity may be the long sought ideal
means of producinig isensibiizty in the
huminan bodyv. His invest igations are
outied in thme AunerieanI Inventor. He
a: a direct volcanie current, of IL
strnagth of tifty volts. mecchaniica'! V
iiterruptedl at a1 rate of about 150
tties at secoiii. One electrode is
plaed on the forehead and the other
ver the symelt, at the small o3f the
To~e ria of utiliizin*- : handoned~ tro
le *'rs in the open-ni' treatmenc't of
ineclss wvhinih has ense's
Su l a h Pitte Ridbge ' ampi in Rhoda~e
*s:Id is ' .vc to be' 3:t :0 t
HIi for the car;' o 5'pnire:
cuntve of H~udson ''::- N
II u t h the .1 c a as
ernbais than cany. ote bn
a stor:-patvin 'csvomr tOg- palin
up de t? No n wh: ler.Thfal
s a a'lll ith~ i thet'c S" otena
haew e ihapublisher wholt olt i" 2
would nota piush a certi adertisera
herase hepiyil felt tathe' woul gos the
binss dif hoe id.Wer ht faltl
godis a ithe pronage o sa ho ws
ei'aort slot pay, erdoeino ay ti'
all': Take it home to yourself. If you
do not meet salaries. how long do your
men stay with you? If you do not
nay your paper1 bill. how long does the
paer maker stand by you? Do you
tare ret'eive a bill from a crieditor,.
moth a fter month, andut never say a
word? Indeed. no. Yet, you have cus
toers on your books .to-day, to whom
von have sent bill after bill, and they
have't paid as much :1tten'itioni to thlem
asyo pay to a stray copyv of the Con
gressiona! Record on a rainy aifterfnon.
It isn't good business, and you 1:nowa
it isnt. Then why continue it?-News
paprdomu. - --
Whaol Hie Waited.
Snyps5ing you watt inere in this
'.uortahin sceat by3 tihe e,':iat'r wib'
il t''a-ii s twot5iii samles of rlthon."
std Mrs. .Miyfair sweety to 11(r juS
hadlwh ha41 ld hbeenl enltaped into
oing shopping with her. When 'she
ae back she said contritely:.
"Have I kept you wvaiting an'unpar
donably long timle, you poor dear?"
"Oh, I haven't minded it," lie said,
chteerfuly. "'I just julmped on to at car
and ran onlt to the league grounds and
saw most of the ball game, and then
I iok a little spin in the nark with
Dorton in his new auto. Did you
match the sanlples?"
"One of thiam. It's so provoking.
I'll have to come in again to-morrow,
for they're closing tihe store now."
of the King., County Pi- .
0Oitentiary, believes thait thxe
d(1ie prisoners in the va
IMoW rious prisons and penl
tenl iaries in the State could be ei
ployed to great benefit t the State a1nd
to hllemselves in the building of public
roads. If the conviets were thus put
at work, the Warden believes. the
State would in time have the tinest
system of highways ina the country.
To demonstrate the practieisility of
his theory, the Warden is just now ei
g:iged in experimlenital work along
these lines. He is employing the idle
prisoiers in the Kings County Peii
tentiary to lay out a street near tle
This street is being laid thirotgh
large plot of land owned by tie county
to the south of the penitentiary. The
street will be an extension of Mont
gomery street. It is being cut throuah
a sandhill. and about 1f00 convi - ts are
being employed iii the vork. The, pris
oners seem to enjoy the work, as there
is nothing for thel to do ill the lw'ii
tentiar',i and the road-building fill.; in
their timle aid occupie< their xminds.
"I think." said Warden Hayeys. d1:&
ussinig his theory as to the e-npio.
melit of Convics. "that the State mliuit
well take up the question of rad
building by conviets. It wculdA)e a
most excellent thilg for1 both the State
and tle ConiviCts thCIlSClVes. It would
keep p::isoners from going insanii for
walit of employment. for o1e thing.
and ye- would place them in no direct
competition with other workers. By
the employment of inmates of penal
institutions many miles.of good roads
iigilt be laid out in tme State at very
"The only expense the city will be
sked to stand in the laying out of
the street we are cutting through here
will be for the curbing. The road wil'
be about 750 feet long and 70 feet in
width. When we have cut down to
the grade level we will 1a3 a good
iicadami roadbed. nxst of the stvne
for which we are taking out right here.
When this street is completed it will 1
be every bit as i-0ood a piece of road
way as there is in Brooklyn. ard its
cost will represent but very little more
*tlain the expense of keeping te priS
oiers. which woul have to be borne
by the county. :mn::how. whiether the
prisoners were at wor: or idle."-New
Constraetior awd Ioads.
In a serial article on American auto
mobile construction The Automotor I
ournal! of Eiglanf. says in relation to
igt stem vehicI s: -'lie ight and
lexible frame of at runabout,. which
s all that is wanted oni smooth town
avements. appears to be also almost
the only thing which wvill stand the
ad roads of the United States- It
oes not follow that it is the best ar
angement for EnglishI roads. Per-I
aps it will be found thlat a nmore
sturdy build will be better able to
stand the more vibratory effect of a
ard Englishl road than would the
joited frame which is so well adapt
d to wriggle over a eruder and more
arthy bighway-" If this is not strict
y correct wlthlout some reservation it
s at least very well put. In thle samelU
rtce other remarks of interest are
made. such as the following: -TheI
American likes to mlakce a runniing
er, consisting~ of a frmie and wheels.
hich lhe canl tr-eat as a comletlie'
iig. The body can be added as a
listinct part ot itsel:. The motor (ither
tached to the fr:ue or fastened to
the body and joined to the diriving axle
by a radial link. For Lmotor vehicles.
in which thle driving axle must he at
xi Iixed distiune~e from~ the era uk shia ft
the former Imethlod i:ei its mor~ts, bitI
it is tustually pre~ferred'( in practico to
attah the motor to the~ body. For
rogn roads and himgh speeds it is dli
iultr to provide adt'lume 'sep:Uute tIt
tachent for the nr oter.
"The use of reaches. er an eqluiva
lent, formting a framlewVCrk with the
two axles. hais thle advanta-te. without
iivolvinig the botdy, of transmlitting
direct thrusts or pnlls betwee:1 the
axles, thle membiers heing jointed in
suhi a waiy as to allow vertical play.
This arrangement directly prevents
that hle.sitationl of the fronlt whleels, to
monit all obstacle whlich ilneas~es
jolting. anid it also makes the effect
of braking one pair of wheels less i-n
Westehester County's roads received
the highest conmmendattionl at the re
ent Na tional G ood Roads Convenltioni.
Te highways ruiniig from New York
City to the Conlnecticut line and to
Putnaml County were regarded by the
Road Commissioners as the most im
proved in the Unied States.
One of the most praisc'Worthiy fea
tures of the Westchester road syste:n
is that the same miethodls are nlot used
throughout the whle system, but thley
are v-aried according. to thle soil, the
trafic and thec grades.
Maadam is ulsed for ordinary roads
where the grade is not steel). This
usually conlsists of a base of four
inches2 of trap-rockt i)1raken ilto) pieces
a iitte smaller than m a baseb-all. After
this hats beenm thnr mughly rolled a three
uineh layer of broken trapl-rock of
smaller size is placed .on it and rollcd.
On this rock so-eeniiigs are placed.
and these also ate packe~d and r-ol 1u.
Th 'We'stenee or :'aaI a impirovec oni Imi
forlal: byu plagag' lhy~ landm lah .r
of six jiches to mak~e a foundationi for
Oil the grades axn wlh~o heavy
in co: 2te and beldedl ini sand are
plalCe.'i the samte foundationl.
W es. 'ester County has also been
tryi:: :his experiment of vittilied
bnick ro.is. whliCh it finds less eXpensi
ie to buildd thatn gramnite andi cheaper
to keep in order than maaeadam.-New
There is a mnbx of eighty-Six in New
York who has no: tasted meat in thir
TIPICS OF INTEREST TO THE PLANT
This is the season of the year when
liee are beginning to be most trouble
some to poultry. Without question.
lice and mites are the greatest nuis
ance of the poultry business and their
raids on the fowls will do more to
destroy the prospects of a dividend
than anything else known. They are
constantly at work, never allowing
the fowls a minute's rest from the
everlasting torture. No wonder, then.
that the poor. suffering hen is not
laying her usual quota of eggs. The
circumstances under which she is com
pelled to work are certainly the inost
discouraging any one could imagine
trying to produce eggs and flesh frem
the food supplied her, while legions
of lice and mites are sapping her very
life blood. Very often a setting hen
will leave the nest or die thereon. If
the farmer, the owner, will blame the
fowl and say she is no good. and if the
latter, he will say the death was
caused by cholera.when nine times out
of ten the cause was lice.
If your liens are lousy you will find
that, although the lice are almost in
visible to the naked eye, they do an
immense amount of damage. So much
so that we feel safe in asserting that
the person who is successful in rais
ing poultry and makes money in the
business is one who keeps down the
lice, one who will not tolerate them
about the premises. It is compari
tively easy to rid fowls of lice, by
the use of good insecticide and read
ers who, are trou'>led with this pest
are advised to keep a supply always
on hand and use it early and often,
for lice breed very fast.
There are many varieties of lice
which infest poultry, the exact num
ber being nine. These live and breed
on fowls. They lay their eggs or
nits on the down of the feathers; the
nits hatch in ten days, so you see. if
they are not kept down and continually
warred against you will have three
crops of them each mouth in warm
The hen louse does not suck the
blood of the fowls, but eats the skin
and feathers: thus they are a source
of much irritation and discomfort to
By the introduction of *a single
lousy bird among your fowls, this pest
is spread through the while flock. It
Is a good rule to look each new fowl
over carefully. and as a precaution
ary measure give it a good dusting
with insect pow'der before allowing it
to run with the rest of your poultry.
Hens are seldom free from lice en
tii-ely. yet it should be the practice
of the breeder to keep them as free
frqm them as possible.
tAnother pest which is of no little
importance is the mite.. This is not a
louse,. but is a blood-sucking creature.
There are several varieties of mites.
-They live in the nests,. cracks of the
houses.. old knot holes,. etc. These ver
min attack the fowls at night and suck
-the blood of their victims. Cracked
roosts. dirty nests and cracks in the
walls are favorite breeding places for
them: in fact, they will stay and breed
in any place which will afford them
La hiding place by day and frbm which
they can attack the- fowls at night.
In straws, filth, or behind the sheath
ing of the poultry house these mites
can be found, and they -should be
avoided by careful methods of the
breeder, who should not allow such
places to exist in his coops. These
mites will live for a long time and
have bee-n found in vaxcant poultry
houses long after the fowls have bieen
removed from them.
Don't try to find an exense for the
existence of lice and mites on your
premises: there areino valid ones. These
Lvermin ea'n be overcome. and it is theC
duty every poultry raiser owes to
himself that his fowls be free from
!vermin of all kinds.
Look for mites in all cracks of
the buildings. in the neists in the
cracks of the roosts, and behind the
sheathing boards. They are sometimes
found on the fowls in the d&ytinme, but
not often, as it is not their natural
Lice are alw.ays found on the birds.
and sometimes they will leave the
fowls and crawl over the hands of hu
man beings when the birds are han:
dIed, but they do not stay on or live
on the human body. To prevent lice
and other vermin, the poultry house
- should be whitewashed, all cracks be
filled with plaster, and roost poles
and nests painted with keroseng. And
lastly, dust the birds with a good in
STo keep down the lice and mite pest
t is a work that will pay a good divi
Im proving Itun-Downl Land.
-Qucnion: I have recently purchased
150 acs of red soil land, one-half
in timber, in the South. This ground
has not been under cultivation for tif
teen years. All 'land in that terri
tory was formerly rented. I would
like your advice as to what treatment
tTo be a success in the business world
one must aim to master everything he
-lays his hands to; think nothing be
low your attention; do not be afraid
eIt was Horace Greely, we believe.
- who said the darkest hou~r in the life
of any young man is when,~e sits
down to study hoav t-o get money with
out honestly earning it, and it might be
adriced thiat this'is equally true of tbe
old men as welf.
Parents candot expect to make uiseful
citizens out of' their sons and pure and
chaste wome# out of their daughters
f. they allow hem to run the streets at
-all hours of the day and untillate at
night. It is dae giving of so much lati
tude to so ~any of our young that has
brought so yiany to ruin.
,Some w 'nen seem to think it a duty
to talk s andal because it pleases thei
Generaljlv you can tell by the way
irl appears 'to be looking down at hel
feet that she is really looking intC
some manfs face.
Better 4 live politician than a dena
THE CHILD'S BATH.
. simple expedient for overcomifn
the fear of the bath which affliet:
zoie nervous children is to cover thi
bath with a sheet, and then lower th
ittle one into the bath, sheet and all
As he does not see the b;th. he doe
aot realize what it is, and coming grad
minlly into the pleasantly warm water
lie rather enjoys ic, as a rule. In :
very short time this precaution wil
be found unnecessary, even with th<
most nervous of babies.
TO CLEAN PLUSI.
Get some turpentine and pour I
>ver the grease spott. and rub it witl
t pie e of soft, clean flannel, ver:
ently. until quite dry. When dr,
rush the pile up, and hang the articli
nu the open air. That plush may bi
leaned is a fact of interest to thos<
who hae looked sorrowfully at som,
arment they supposed ruined b:
rease that could not be removed.
Chidren's plush coats that have be
one soiled can- be cleaned without in
jury by softly and delicately spongin!
vith a little borax and water. A tea
;poonful of powdered borax to a quar
)f water is the proper'proportion. Us<
i very soft sponge.-Woman's Farn
A GOOD LAMP.
During the months when the dayligh
lims at half-past 4, and long even
ngs make it necessary oftentimes t,
lo sewing or reading at night, thi
.iouse mother must take care to se,
hat the light in the study and famil:
itting-rooin is good and so avo<
rying the eyes of the members of he
A good lamp is without doubt th
oftest light for tired eyes, and whe1
good lamp is secured it is still mor
ecessary to keep it in good order.
Not only is the odor of oil most un
lIeasant. but a poorly trimmed viel
s a destroyer of a fair light and ther
s no good reason why either foul
In the first place, the care of th
amps should never be left to inexperi
need workers, and a woman did wel
ecently to give the care of the lamp
is a duty for one of her daughters ti
WITH MASHED POTATOES.
Boil six good-sized white potatoe!
fter peeling them in slightly salte
rvater. When they are done so the,
ilmost fall in pieces, drain the wate
from them: then set the kettle bacl
nn the stove so the potatoes will ge
Iuite dry. Then mash them and bea
hem till very light and white: add
3eping tablespoonful of butter and
ill of cream. While the potatoes an
)oiling, cook the sausages as follows
eparate the links and put six or eigh
f them in a frying pan with enoug1
od water to cover thenm to half thei:
lepth. Pierce each sausage in thre<
r four places with a shiarp forli
stand the pan over the fire. Wze1
he water come to the boiling poin
our it off. Return the pan to the tiret
Let the sausages fry slowly.. lo-sel
~overed, till a rich brown; lift thi
~over and turn the sausages a conpi
f times while frying. Put th,
nashed potatoes in the centre of
leep platter; make a hollow in th<
niddle of the potatoes, and lay tha
~ausages in it. Pour the gravy ove:
sausages and serv e at once.
Clam Dlisque-Cook one init of clame
iif a eupful of rice, a sp'rig of parsley
n half a bay leaf in four eupfuis c
eai stock until the rice is temdi
~train. add two tahlespoorfuls of tc
nto c:'tsupl and on- -eupful of ho
~ream, bear vigorously. and se-:ve a
Chery and Pineapple Soup-Set asid
me c upful of pittedl cherries to serv'
n the soup. then crack the stonecs an
dd the kcernels to one pint of cherrie
indl one grated pineapple. Cook in
luart of water for twenty miinute
1i: two tablespoonfuls of airrowroc
with half a cupful of sugar. stir-int
le hot soup, and cook for ten minutes
strain and set aside to cool, servin,
Peach Compote-Use either fre4l
canned or dried peaches. and stew ur
til very soft; sweeten well and allot
them to simmer in the water in whici
they are cooked; then remove from th
fire, and when cold turn and strai:
into moulds of rice. Make the mould
by lining ordinary teacups with boilet
rice and leaving a deep depression t
be filled with the peach mixture, whuic:
may require a little gelatine if it doe
not "boil down" to the .right consh
Salmi of Chicken--Put a tablespoo
of clarified beef dripping into a saue
)an and when it bubbles up over th
lire add three or four thin slices o
bacon and let the whole fry until nie(
ly browned. mixing with it a tabl<
spoonful of flour and a glassful of fla;
ring extract. Turn in. a little at
time, a eup)ful of hot water. Seaso
with pepper. salt, a dash each of al1
5pic, ebwe~Vs and cayenne and a spoor
ful of lemon juice. Cut the chicken:
which you have parboiled, into larg
a iecs. andi cook themn in the sauce fe
an hour and a half. When done nica
i, arranige on a platter, pour thi
sauce over themi and gnunish wit~
rounds of irnmon and French frie~d pi
No Eulldogs Allowed.
A gentleman bought, some days ag<
for a vey high price a bulldog in Han
burg, and brought him to his plac
To his great asto:1sinnaent he w;e
informed by the police that the in
in Mekenburg-SchwerinI and Streli1
forbids keeping bulldogs, on ti:
groundsof their danger: so the gentl
man in question hias been obliged 1
return the dog to his forner owne
of corse with a large pecuniary loss&
ARM '- ffU SI
ER, STOCKMAN AND TRUC! I MYER
this soil should be under the
Answer: Much of , -;so - called
abandoned land in toe lith can be
brought into condition I roduce very
good crops in a comp tivoly short
time. all things considered., The land
in question should first be broken deep
ly. Probably this land has not had a
good plowing in twenty years; some
of it perhaps never since it was re
claimed from the primeval forest. This
may seem like an exaggerated state
nient, but in many sections the prac
tice has been to simply break out the
middles between the old corn rows,
bed up and replant to corn, cotton or
tobacco. Good plowing,. therefore, is
the first essential for reclaiming the
soil. Of course, the land should not
be broken too deeply in the beginning;
say, commence with six inches. then
at the next plowing go to eight and
thiento ten, and aim eventually to turn
the land at least twelve inches deep.
If the sub-soil is very heavy and tena
cious use a sub-soil in the fall. When
the land has been thoroughly broken
work down well with a disk and bar
row until a good seed bed is prepared,
and then sow in cow peas, soy beans
or such other leguminous crops as will
grow to advantage in the vicinity of
Richmond. It is best as a rule to sow
cow peas and soy beans in drills twen
ty-four to thirty-six inches apart and
cultivate so as'to destroy weeds and
"'Before planting the crops it would
be advisable to use a complete fertil
izer on the land, say at tlhe rate of 150
pounds of 16 per cent. aeid- phosphate
and 50 pounds of muriate of potash.
As soon as the peas or beans come up
a light application of nitrate of soda
at the rate of 50 pounds per acre will
be an advantage on laiid in this con
dition. On land cultivated in peas
for several years it would not be nee
essary to use the nitrate, but in this
instance it w,1 be an advantage. The
peas and beans may be grazed down
with hogs or me.de into hay. The hay
will bring $10 to $15 a ton and you
can obtain from 400 to 000 pounds of
pork from each acre of land and have
a great mass of vines and leaves left
to turn under early in. the. fall. This
will make an admirable seed bed for
winter wheat or rye, -which may then
be seeded down to grass.
In the section of the State mentioned
some of the stronger growing varie
ties may ]I used. For pasture, or
chard grass, meadow fescue, red tok
and red or ilsike clover may be used
to advantage. When the land is in
btter coudition timothy may be used
with fair success. Under present con
ditions tall oat grass, orchard._grass
and red top will be most likely to prove
satisfactcry for hay production...Thiis,
combination; will provide satisfactory.
By this method of treatment the land .
can be made to pay something on the
jnvestment from the beginning, and
if green manures. as provided through
leguminous crops, are used freely and
the crops raised feed on the land and
the manure put back en the soil it
will improve rapidly in a compara
tively short time. As a rule these.
soils need phosphates and in many
instances potash as wve11. so that these
forms of plant food should be supplied
in liberal amounts. As a rule,*per
sons who have farms of this kind to
deal with attempt to reclaim too- much
at once, and the undertaking embar
rasses them and proves unprofitable
as well. Go slowly but do the~ worik
thoroughly and remember that persist
ent cultivation, followed up with a
ood crop rotation means salvation
in the long run.-K~noxVilla Journal
Spraying the OrcharT.
Hlundreds of people who own small'
orchards would like to spray their
trees, but are deterred therefrom by
the cost of a spraying outfit usuaily
recommended by writers. For spray
ing a few trees all the outfit this is
necessary s a barrel to mix the poison
in, and a small sled. One made of
two planks tour feet long willido. Lay
them side by side and fastei them se
curely together by means of strips of
board nailed across them. .Chip off the
under side of the front &dges, set the
barrel on it,mix the praying mate
rials. and with one horse draw it into
the orchard and wherever needed. AI
good spray pump for a few trees does
not cost much; a piece of half-inch
rubber hose about eight feet long,. hav
ing the spraying' end attached to a
light stick the same length, will raise
the nozzle high -enough to spray most
trees. If the trees are very large, one
can climb into them. draw up a bucket
ful of mixture, set it firmly aznong the
branches and send the snrav over the
entire tree.--Farm and Ireside.
A buffalo bulirecenltly slaughtered
in Iowa brought"ts owner nearly.
Odds and Ends.
Hope springs eternal in the human
breast Every married man hopes
e able to do just as he pleases som
A -man can get a very0 fair idea
what spring feels like by sub
ten from the thermometer and ima
ining he has fallen off a ferryboat in
The woman who buys things has lit
te time for shopping.
It takes a lot of fcrtitude to be sepa
rated from a rich wife.
A man isn't necessarily a sign paint
er because he believes in signs.'
By buying tea in packets it is calcu
lated that in 1903 the British public
paid tea prices for 5,088,648 pounds of
paper in twine.
A woman who said she was Charlot
ta, the wife of Maximilian, former Em
peror of Mexico, is said to have serured -
$40,000 from the members of the Italian
colony in Boston on the pretense that
Ishe is the rightful climant to the AuS