Newspaper Page Text
PUBLISHED WEEKLY. WINNSBORO, S. C., WEDNESDAY, JUNE 14,[905.ESALHD184
Fairfield's Men of Note.
(Paper re'ad by Ifiec A nit, Da ris ut <<(
recent inectiug i the Cdtais Club.)
The people of Fairfield though
primarily given to agricultural
pursuits have ever shown a taste
for learning and culture. The
county was settled by staunch
Seotch-Irish from Virginia and
North Cerolina, and by Hugenots
from the low country. From the
fusion of two such peoples only
a strong, hardy, intelligent race
could be producead. In receat
years it has often been remarked
by judges conducting court in
Fairfield that nowhere else, ex
cept in the large commercial cen
tres, do they find audiences of
finer order of intelligence.
Locating here, the Huguenots
with a few others soon started the
Mt. Zion Society, and in a few
years laid the foundations of the
school destined to play such an
important part in the education
of future generatious. With citi
zens of vigorous minds andf,
bodies, and with excellent educa
tional facilities, it was a question
of only a few short years before!,
Fairfield should produce men
prominent enough to place her in J
the foremost ranks of the coun
ties of South Carolina.
It is greatly to be regretted that 4
the people of the South have not
imitated their northern brethren 4
in keeping carefully their family
trees and family records. No
where have I been able to find t
any complete list of the noted i
men of this county and have suc- u
ceeded in collecting only a few
scattering facts from old tradi
tions and newspaper clippings. c
It is said that when Garfield be- p
came president people began to|]
inquire who this man was that!
had driven a mule along the tow
path when a boy. They soon 1
discovered that his family, al-!
t.hough obscure, could trace their C
Aocestry for 150 years. t
6a collecting the followingI
meagre sketches I have met many
omitted many very worthrand
deserving mea whose names
should certainly be placed in a 'e
correct catalogue of the eminent a
eitizeac of Fairfield. 2
A glance over the names enu
mersted beLow will show that our
little county has produced promi- 8
nent men in nearly every walk of
life; a governor, several congress
men, judges, ministers, authors
edueators, aoldiers, progressire
business met., and last, bu. not
least, a poet, We should belc
proud of this record and it is to ;
.be hioped that some one will be
found to correct, fill in, and pre- p
perve these historical facts.
0.g Fairfield governor was
.John Ragh Means, who was born
in the Beekhead neighborhood.
.After serving several terms in the
:State legislaUgre, he became gen-;e
oral of the State militia. A
-swong advocate of States Eights,
or. Means naturally sereod i y
the* Secession convention. His
b3e41e was that a man should de
en Ms convictions, consequent
lat the igeaking out of the war,
~though alregdy nearly 60 years
.oid, he raised a regiment, went
ito Virginia, and was killed during1
a charge at the head of his1
Tha Hon. W. W. Boyce was!
not a rative of Fairfield, but was
eloselv identified with it, having
lid'd the grater part of his life
here. He .was a member of the
'Winnaboro bar predous to his
~electio~n to Congress., wh~ich office
jhe held until the beginning of thie
Ci~vil war. During the fogr ye.rs:
.o i~e war he was a member of
the4nfederate Congress. After
'the ele..sa of the war he moved to
Washingwy'. where his talents as
a brilliant laswyer were so soon
,geeognized that his profession
become for him~ a very lucrative
<one. He continued its practice
smost successfully until daclipin
agg~ and ill-health forced imi to
I he heard that a Mr. Pearson
of this rounty repres.ented this
congressioulJ district in Congreas,
but as I iiace been unable to
verifv this, I simply mention the
fat." Mr. Wyatt Aikse of Fair
dieLd moved over to Abbeville
,county and was sent to Congrea
from- test district.
Ini 1815 and1 several succeeding~
vetes, our representative was
WVilliam Woodwari, and about
twenty-eight years iat this posi
tion was filled by his som~ Jop
A.. Woodward, who was eea
fro the "Winnsboro Congres
.eious. District." "He returned
ta Lis aat at the national capital
for tea eocaecutive yenrs, giving
great satisfaction to his constitn
cucy, and could have remained,
but retired at his own wish. H
was a statesman of the broades
David Read Evans. the firs
lawyer in Winusboro, came her
in 17S4 when the town containe<
only three or four houses. Hav
ing married a daughter of Gen
Winn, he lived in a house behin<
the beautiful old Williford place
which was burned a few vear:
ago. So attached did be becomi
to his home that his family buriet
his remains on one of the vacan
lots, where the marble monumen
may still be seen surrounded by
a granite wall. From 1813-181
Mr. Evans was the representative
Richard Winn, though not a
native of the county, is closelv
identified with its history since
its county seat was founded by
him and bears his name. De
scend-d from an ancient and
honorable family, his father immi
rated to this country and settled
in Virginia, and his two sons
John and Richard, came from
there to South Carolina. The
atter was a fine surveyor and
ecured work of wealthy English
aen.to survey and locate lands
or them. His compensation
vas every eighth tract and he
hus engrossed a large quantity
f land before the separation of
he colonies from the mother
ountry. At the beginning of the
evolution he entered the service
)f South Carolina as fi st lieu
enant of the Rangers, and hay
no distinguished himself by skill
Lnd gallantry was made colonel.
Liter the war he was so greatly
mbarrassed, financially, having
one security for a number of his
riends, that he was forced to sell
is property and move to Tennes
ee. General Winn held several
vil offices and was elected
rigadier-general and afterwards
najor-general by the legislature
f South Carolina. In 1793 he
ook his seat as a memiber of the
ouse of representatives, and re
aained a member of Congress
Anohx & 'rbrlh
eneral was John. Bratton, who
ntered the Confederate army as
second lieutenant of the sixth
egiment, which . volunteered for
be year. At the reorganization,
tisting in the Backhead Guards
s a private, he rose successively
rom lieutenant-colonel to colo
el and brigadier-general. Gen.
3ratton was severely wounded
*everal times, and once when left
)a the field of battle he was
aptured by the enemy and kept
11prison at Fort Monroe for some
ime, After the war he repre
ientedl the county in many State
onventions; represented i b e
tate in several presidential eon
entions; and also served most
cceptably as chairman of the
)emocratic party and as comp
No sketch of Fairfield's men
ould be complete without men
ion of Thomas Woodward, the
leglator, IHe was descended
ro gle Woodwards or the
(eepers of the Jiing's Forest for
William of Nornmandy. HIis
~ather came over to this c.ointry
od settled in Virginia, but later
he family came to South Caro
ia. When the Revolution broke
t Thomas raised amnong the
irt if not the very first, comn
any in South Carolina, was at
~aced to Colonc,1 Thompson's
egment, and fought continuously
luring the war until he was killed
m Dutchma's Creek in a battle
against the British and Tories.
Few men exercised more infiu
n than did Capt. Woodward
n las 4ay and none left greatei
prss N~o .te moral and good
rder of scoisty. .(. active sac
efficient member of Mt Zi
Society he took an interest ir
educational matters and sub
scribed to the first newspaper it
the district. On the other hand
being fond of sports, and
parnof the chase, he brough:
n som e af the finest fox hounds
Rad~ ham; m~~ itoported int<
the State. Th 4. a .o "h
~eulatr" was derived ?ra; i;
connection with the reguilation 0;
regulators of which lhe was ti
head and leading spirit. Ti
speaking of this organization
Mills, in his Statisties, says: "Th
og court in the State was i]
Ciiee~;. The county abound
ed with derait9rs ou] privat
property, es peciaiW st(i; angu
there was reason to believe mie
these dishonest operations re
shed from a perfect union amen,
te8v(.s. To convict a thie
wa u.:t t.Q impiossible. Th
proecutors ana ense on
not attend at a ditaieci U,
miles. F'elonls took heart fromu
and committed their depredation
t in open day. It was in order t
put a stOp to these pernicious prac
t tices that Capt. Woodward, wit'
1 the aid of the Kirklands, Me
I Graws, and other good and bones
- citizens, in 1764 organized thi
movement and many a horse-thie
I and other malefactor w a ,
, stretched across the pules-thei
common in all the yards to dri
Ideer hides upon-and receive(
Ithe lash without trial by judge o
jury. They were then advised tc
eave the neighborhood and in
formed that if they returned thei:
punishment would be doubled
Their adversaries made suel
representation that Lord CharleE
Greeville Montague, governor ol
the province, interposed. Wood
ward and McGraw were arrested,
taken to Charleston, and impris
oned. The work continued, how
ever, and after nearly producing
civil war, was compromised by
the passage of the circuit law ef
1769, which established courts at
Ninety-Six, Camden and at
Orangeburg. Ramsay says that
in less than two years they
brought thirty-two horse-thieves
to trial and punishment in the
new and adjacent courts.
The "Regulator" lies in the
family burial ground four miles
below Winnsboro on the Anvil
A descendant of "Regulator"
to attain prominience in Fairfield
was Maj. T. W. Woodward, who
owned and occupied during his
life the same land which had
been the property of his ances
tors of sevaral generations. Be
fore the war, Maj. Wood ward was
elected a number of times to the
legislature; during the war he
held the office of major in the 6th
regiment, serving in the quarter
master department; and after the
war he was truly an unrecon
structed rebel, taking a leading
part in county and State politics.
At a convention in St. Louis not
a great many years age, Maj.
%red-by t geographer,
Among the most noted South
Carolina lawyers was Judgo Wil
liam Harper, who, although not
a Fairfield man, was identified
with the county, having married
Miss Coulter of the Buckhead
neighborhood where he settled
for a time. Facts prove that he
was considereda most profound
lawyer, as some of his decisions
as judge were quoted n6t only in
other states, but in England.
Judge O'neall in his "Bench and
Bar of South Carolina" says of
Chiancelor Harper: "He was a
member of Congress and a mem
ber of the convention which
nullified the tariff. ae met with
the same body in March in 1.833
to rescind the ordinance. His
talents were of the first order.
He was heard with delight in
deliberate assemblies but to be
properly appreciated he had to
be heard in the consultation
room. His memory was beyond
all doubt the most extraordinary
which I have ever witnessed.
Poetry, law, and literature were
alike i~t his finger ends. This
ri.ight be accotinted for perhaps
on account of the value of the
recollections. tjeit an instanoe
occurred in Charleston beyond
anything of which I believed the
human mind to be capable.
Sitting at breakfast with Judge
Johuscn and hims4elf, I read from
the morning's paper a paragraph
containing a jumble of absurdi
ties without connection. After
breakfast as we were walking
down Broad Street Harper said
to me, I can repeat that which
you read at breakfast, and he
did, not omitting a word."
Col. Jh: H. Rion was not a
native f thi couinty. biut he
lived here most of his life, A
protege of John C. Calhoun, he
was sent to the -South Carolina
College, where he graduated with
first honor over Robert Barnwell,
who was considered one of the
most brilliant men in the State.
4 ter his graduation he moved tc
~.n<ar~g wyhere he taught
atherg.atics 40 EI. No ant
studied law. Hie volhntesred
~carly in the war, became colone]
of the 6th regiment, and was ever
considered a coal, brava soldie:
-and a brilliant lawyer.
Mr. R. B. Boylston represented
the county many times in the
leislature. He was most elo
q uenm and lteeame speaker of tht
house of representatives.
fProminent among Fairfield'
ministers was Rev. Robert Means
IAfter graduating with highes
distinction at College, he preacha
;at Sae4; Feghyterian Church
While serving iib he stpacvy <>
s professor of Menal and Moral
o Philosophy at th) seminary in
- Columbia, he coiducted a con
bi troversv with Dr. Cooper on the
- orthodox interp.etation of the
t Pentateuch. Foi several years
- during his stay in the capital city
f he was pastor of tie Presbyterian
3 church. Dr. Meas was chosen
i president of Souti Carolina Col.
lege, but never at:ministerod-the
I office on account of . his death,
7 which occurred wien he was only
Theodore DuBose Bratton, son
of Gen. John Bntton, though
still a young man had attained
an enviable reputation as a most
earnest and forceful minister.
From his position as rector of
the Episcopal Church at Spartan
burg he went to take charge of
the girls' school, St. Mary's,
Raleigh, and so successful was
he, that the attention of the
Church all over the South has
been directed to him. The
church in Mississippi called him,
he accepted and -about a year
and a half ago he Nias consecrated
bishop of that diocese.
Not only one of Fairfield's
greatest men, buI one of the
greatest South Cailpina has ever]
produced, is Dr. Jis. H. Carlisle.
Perhaps no man ii the State in
educational lines has done as
great a work, for hi has been the
inspiration, life sd growth of
Wofford College. Dr. Carlisle
was born in Winnsboro in the old
NIobley house, next to the Math
odist Church. lis education
was begun at Mt. 2ion and com
pleted at South Cazolina College.
He became a mnmber of the
legislatue..and of the secession
Mr. Hudson,* , tioughg 'or a
native of the coud , will ever be
remembered in coMf'ection with
Mt. Zion, since it wis under his
administration thai the school
attained such an enVable reputa
tion not only in thitaState, but
all over the South.
A rioupal of Mt.
a xy.Matsa Mis, who
deepest love byf '. - lds t
He was born at Buckheaa, -
in Winnsboro and later at Mr.
Porter's school for b fs in Abbe
ville. After grad ting with
highest distinction at South
Carolina College, he taught
school in South Ctr lina and also
out in California. ter his re
turn to South Ca 'ina he was
editor of The New and Herald
and principal of M Zion, which
later he made th first graded
school in the St outside of
Charleston. In 1 3 he accepted
the chair of Histo and Political
Economy in the ;th Carolina
College, which p1 he filed in
a imost disting @d manner
until his death.
Dr. W. P. DuB -eof Fairfield
was also a Mt. lon student.
EHe graduated at t jeCitadel and
also at the Univers~ ty of Virginia.I
After having st lied for the
Episcopal ministr.l le accepted a
professorship in the University
of the South which position he
still holds. Dr. D)uBose has
written several books on philo
sophical questions which have
given him a reputation in Fourope
as well as in 4merics as a ro
found scientifie thine.
Mr. Edward Palmer from the
low country married Miss Caro
line Davis and settlei at Ridge
way. He representel the county
in the le~IslatureI sud in the
State senate. M~r.' ?almer was
Ione of the most sur ctssful plan
ters in South Oa lha, but his
most distingui rgwork was
promoting an tilding the
railroad betwef adumbia and
Charlotte. He ~at resident of
the company ae st success
fully administejed tie offca for
The last na ae dlat I shall
mention is that of J. Gordon.
Coogler, a Fairfield poet, whose
"Purely Original' poems have
been sold in many parts of the
United States. T1hngh not a
s ,cond Shakespears, Coogler
made many friends, who were
deeply grieved at hisearly death.1
I Ie must -have fomnd out thd
~rath of tiLO myinigtint 'ipsts
are horn not made", and if he did
not "lisp in numbers, it was no
Ihis fault. ot
[4 Found a Cure for &~spepsia.
Mrs. S. Lii4say, of port William,
Ontario. Canada, who has suffered
quite a number of yearefromn dyspep
-ia andl greait painls in thistomuach, was
3 herain's 4tonsgen an4 - iveg TaIdets.
She did so and sa'ys, ' Iind that thdy
have done mie a great dd of good. I
have necver1 hiad any su'erinlg sinice I
Ibegan using themi." It-roubled with!
diyspepia or indigestionvhy not take .
Memoirs, Traditions and History of
Rocky Mount and Vicinity.
( Written for The. Sets and Herald
by L. M. Ford.)
LONGIVITY AT ROCKY MOUNT.
The following is a list of the
persons of this vicinity who have
died since the war and their age:
J. F. Arledge, 73; Mrs. J. F.
Arledge, 60; S. T. Arledge, 82;
Miss Mattie Arledge, 58; Mrs.
James Barkley, 82; xMias Polly
Benson, 94; Miss Betsy Benson,
76; W. D. Benson, C7; Mrs. Katy
Bishop, 67; J. L. Brown, 82; Mrs.
J. L. Brown, 74; Mrs. Betsy
Brannon, 84: Mrs. Wm. Brannon,
50; Robert Ford, 70; Mrs. RobeA
Ford, 77; A. A. N. Ford, 43;
Strother Ford, 72; W. J. Gayden,
30; Mrs. Esther Grafton, 94; John
Gladden, 30; Mrs. W. E. Hall, 70;
Mansel Hollis, 80; Mrs. Mansel
Hollis, 67; B. T. Hollis, 24; Mrs.
Nancy Jackson, 76; James G.
Johnston, 79; T. B. Lumphin, 82;
Mrs T. B. Lumpkin, 73; Berry
Montgomery, 91; Mra. Berry
Montgomery, 80; A. J. Nichols,
72; Mrs. A. J. Nichols, 77; Wil
liam Nichols, 91; Miss Annie
Nichols, 72; R. S. Nichols, 72;
J. T. Nichols, 82; Dr, I. S. Scott,
67; Mrs. I. S. Scott, 71; Mrs.
W. C. Scott, 70; Mrs. W. S. Sib
ley, 65; Mrs. Lucy Williams, 79.
The number of deaths from
infancy to 20 years of age is 0.
From 20 years of age to 30
years of age 1.
From 30 years of age to 40
years of age 2.
From 40 years of age to 50 years
of age 2.
From 50 years of age to 60
years of age 1.
From 60 years of age to 70
years of age 7.
From 70 years of age to 80
years of age 17.
From 80 years of age to 90.
years of age 8.
Above 90, 4.
In making the list aboye no I
no'teasdaken of the death .of .. i
fani or of temporary residents.
A. few of each occurred. The
QAWaer of deaths is 42, their
average agee-isZO to 84. Can
other section of Fali duii
this average for a period of thirty
nine years? I
The work is now finished and
our self imposed task has been
completed. To sift the false from
the true, to verify the date of an
unrecorded incident is a very
difficult duty. Under the cir
cumstances we have done our:
best, and nothing is written
which we do not believe. WhenI
we behold the ruins of the oldI
military establishment at the
falla and see the bottom of the
old canal not only dry, but grown
up in briers, bushes, and trees,
the old town at Rock Mount
scarcely a memory, the rock
ribbed and gully washed hills
well matted with wire grass
yielding but small returns for
well directed and hard labor, the
well concerted schemes of the
farmer to procure supplies dturing
the spring andl sammner and
scratch his head4 and indulge in
the blues because his bills cannot
be met when due, well might we
KOf all sad words of tongue or
The saddest are these, 'It might
A Bad Scare.
Some day you will get a bad
scare, when you feel a pain in
your bowels, and fear appendi
eitis. Safety lies in Dr. Kink's
N~ew Life Pills, a sure cure, for all
bowel and e omach disea2ss such
n headache, hilioijsness, costive
ness, etc. Guaranteed at Mc~as
ter Co.'s, Obear Drug Co.'s and
John H. McMaster & Co.'s drug
stores; only 25c. Try them.
TOURS TO COLORADO AND CAL
Choose Time, RoutQ And What to~
tin numerous dates, May to
October, 1905, excursion rates
are in effect to Colorado, Cali
fornia and the Pacific Northwest,
By specifying "Rock Island" west
of Chicago, you secure the most
for your money in the way of
sights to see and side trips to
take. Stop off in Colorado, take
in the 1Macky :Mongtain resorts
visit Yellowstone Park, then to
Portland Exposition. 1Metamu
via California. Full informationI
from John Sebastian, Vassenger|I
Tradig Manager, Rock Island|
Reward will be paid to any
person who can find one atom
of opium, chloral, morphine,
cocaine, ether or chloroform
in any form in any of Dr.
This reward is offered because
certain unscrupulous persons I
make false statements about
these remedies It is under
stood that this reward applies
only to goods purchased in the
open market, which have Not
been tampered with in any way.
Dr. Miles' remedies cure by
their soothing, nourishing,
strengthening and invigorat
ing effects upon the nervous
system, and not by paralyzing
and weakening the nerves as
would be the case if these drugs
For this reason Dr. Miles'
'Anti-Pain Pills are universally
considered the best pain remedy I
"I have suffered for 25 years with
severe pains in my head. heart and
could get and could not find any relief
until i got a box of Dr. Miles' Anti
Pain Pills. I suffered as long as 12
hours at a time with such severe
pains that I feared I would lose my
mind. The Anti-Pain Pills gave me
relief In from 10 to 20 minutes. I do
not have to use Morphine any more.
I wish you would publish this so that
other sufferers may find relief."
L A. WALKER,
R. F. D. No. G. Salem, Ind.
Dr. Miles' Anti-Pan Pills are sold by t
yordruggist, who will uratee that
the first package willbnei 1I
fails he will return your money.
25 doses, 25 cents. Never sold In bulk.
Miles Medical Co., Elkbart, Ind
SCREEN DOORS and
out flies and other inse
ICE CREAM FREEZI
cht nd best de
MountXai n -r ji the
And mow it
THE BEST 01
For Sale byA.B
Osborne Mower Repairs
We are Head
Call in and examine our stc
Dressers and Centre Table
Dressers at actual cost to c
Now is the time to get you
Try one of our Felt Mattre
We have a complete line
Stoves. All guaranteed to
We have~ in stock also a
complete. All calls promi
RW. P HI
Scholarships for Young
Of the 15 Scholarships owned by the
South Carolina Federation of Women's
Clubs, only the following are now open:
College for Women-Columbia, S. C.
-One Scholarsbip for four years' aca
demic word in College.
Greenville Female College - One
Scholarship of free tuition for four
Greenville College for Women-One
Scholarship of free 'tuition for four
years. Special rates for music.
Chicora College-Greenville, S. C.
One Scholarship of free tuition for four
The South Carolina Kindergarten
Association Training School-Charles
ton, S. C.-One Scholarship of free
tuition for two years.
Winthrop College-Rock Hill, S. C.
-One Scholarship of free tuition.
Confederate Home College-Charles
ton, S. C.-One Scholarship of free
Clifford Seminary-Union, S. C.
Dne Scholarship of free tuition.
The examinations for these Scholar
ships will be held in each county July
rd. All applicants must file their
iames before Jnne 25th with.
MISS ANNADORA BAER,
Chaiunan Educational Dept. S. C.
Federation of Women's Clubs, 16 Bull
street, Charleston, S. C.
Notice to Executors, Ad
All executors, administrators and
:uardians are hereby notified to make
heir retunrs to me at once at this office
s the law requires that these returns
e made before July 1st of each year.
D. A. BROOM,
6-7-3t Judge of Probate.
WINDOWS for keep
!RS for making the
sserts. The White
,-best in th arket.
til SUN SHINES
always in stock.
eck of Iron Beds, Suites,
s. We have six Cheval
lear our stock.
r Summer Cots.
sses-tne best in town.
of Little Dandy Cook
complete line of Bed
>tly attende3 to.
L L IPS.