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SONG OF THE RETREAI
We'r marchin on to freed1m. in
The) sh u ar u 11n: rm nd ua
e'vcre mrarchbn: cm >iroo . :
A ' erbso ta d i :: th e
Ouog :md t::Ie e. m
Three hnrdton ee
:: aore r'':heva:ea i::: ;nh
Our baiyon a!: : trcaupk
Above the dis-tantmona-tp
A cal d 's n th-- east. ar
0. arave. where is thy victory? 0
We die that Russih may ba fre'
There's blood upon the -o: I " in
Our triumph is in our deicat. ot
We'rz marching on to freedom thi
The cannon roar behind us. and I
You can see our patient races, in I
We've suffered through the wear
For we're beaten-beaten-beaten'
We've lost the tyrant's battle no
Wronged. robbed. oppressed, torm
A hundred million Russian Slavs
By MARJORIE I
SIE queer little red cottage
in which Miss Eliza Webb
O lived was built in the old
T -New England fashion, with
a lean-to and a porch. 1e
& it grew a row of cherry trees,. and
ne side ran a picturesque hedge of
bushes; but on the right, streh
g the entire length of her tiny farm,
as'a high board fence.
MN~s Eliza Webb frowned at the
ene and at the great house and stable
hicii loomed up behind it.
The~e big buildings cut off a large
ortion of the river view from the red
ottage'. but Miss Webb could still have
een part of the valley from her win
ows had that obuoxious fence been
"Insultin':" murmured Miss Webb.
Right down insultin': And just be
use I toM him plain out what I
ou;lt of hlim.
She fixed her eyes on the fence and
enz on watering the gay nasturtium
d. till little muddy rivulets ran away
om it and settled about her slippered
IFiffy years before all those broad
eres stretching fron the lilac hedge
eross the hills to the little river wind
through the valley beneath had
lored to Miss Webb's father. He
d often stood on the porch of the red
tage. with. his wife and daoithter
'building air-castles on the
ry spot now occupied by the great
sg. But years brought losses to
meon Webb. and the site of his air
stlejiad to be sold.
MiWebb had never greatly felt the
ss, however, until this summer. when
er limits were defined by the hideous
nce. and the hill beyond was cut into
r the foundations of the Traffords'
ouse and stable.-.
Old MIr. Trafford was anxious to buy
he land clear through to .the lilac
edge. He tried to persuade Miss1
v ebp.. into whose hands the property
id descended. to sell her small farm.
nd have the red cottage moved to an
ther spot in the village.
But she refused to consider the propo
sition. and her refusal was given in
such an indignant way that the oldi
man's wrath was roused. and he built
the fence out of spite: On Mr. Traf-1
[ord's side a trellis of grapevines ran
the entire length of it. b'ut on hers no1
tiling vines or flowers covered the]
rough, unpainted boards.
"MIercy me!" cried Mi1ss Webb. sud
aly conscious of the cold stream
-ekling into her cloth slippers. She
beld her alpaca skirts high in one hand.
ad stepped gingcriy on to a bit of
'Merry me! I don't :now but what
'm losin' my senses ov'er that pesky]
Ce: anti those topiofty Traffords.
cy needn't have :>een so scared. I
uldn't hove gone near 'em. fence or
fa nce. They ain't what I want to
. It's the river and the valley, that
e been uses to lookin' out on ever
ce I was born." She picked up the
tering-pot and walked angrily into
That afternoon her theory of the top
ftiness of the Trafford's was shaken.
exactly 4 o'clock. which waa "visit
time" in Daneville. her front gate
eked. Peeping out from behind the1
wn window shade. MIiss Webb saw:
ng MIrs. Trafford cc ming slowly up
Iy aind! If there ain't the Widow1
fford, the old man's daughter-in
-! Well, she can knock antd knock,
all she'll get in here."
Irs. Trafford was aware of the angry
es fixed on her from behind the buff
'ndbow shade, but she repeated her
ocks several times. At last. despamir
of effecting an entrance by the
al mnethod, she took a step back
m the little porch, looked up sud
ly att the window. and nodded pleas
1l'. Then she nodded again.
iss Webb left the window and stood
the mtiddle of her best room.
nbtl)inIt with indignalton.
"Of alil the sass and impundence~
e gasped. "I'il have to openm the duor
w. an' she knows it.'
'it'a reciuctant hands she turned the
"Hoar do you do?" satid her visitor.
iling brightly into the grim face
bove her. "We are such near neigh
ors that I think it is about time we
knew each other. I should have wvaited
or you to call first. but as you did not,
feared you might be ill, or too
"Always well. andi I ti't over par
"O[returned Mirs. Traffohrd. 'Oht
cll,. anm very'~ u'od to hear thtat: Gootd
stealth is a grea thI;essin
forth stuggestiveliy. wvithoutt tswver
nag. \lrs. 'Traffortd held o'ut a basket
of deliciouts loocing strawb':rracs.
"Won': tA ouccei't thtis? she said,
persuasively. "It is early for straw
berries. I know. but our gar::euer is
yery' fond of these. for thley are un
usally sweet."' oeo 'a"si
*"I wouldn't touch.oeo em"si
Miss WXebb. :le'rce ly. -nao more than I
3Vould a stonte r'ih ot of the str'eet!"'
:;eally ?" Mt's. Tr'affon'i tlushed. then
sid sweetly. "I know they do disa
redwith somae people. You are very
'so in refusing them., then. for indi
esino so npnnea . Good-by' I
"'ING RUSSIAN ARMIES.
the tiri: , Kore the dawni!::
d1 - u we .,aI be 'r .
fia-nked and nd l routed,
:nen are _s'i. :n like the sea.
p;ain is n-r
d earth like nels of. ;opinz corn.
be lhis sl.wlv growlng;
soon it wii be morn.
death. where i: . stine:Ing?
we lose that :he may -ain.
ke. bu: still we take it singing.
ir giory n ou pamn.
ugh the hi:old-red light of mor:.mb;
he dead are ;ailinz :ast.
he criimson of the dawning:
y night, but day has come at last.
Let the joyous news be shouted;
w, and soon we shall he free.
ented, imprisoned, exiled, knouted,
are rizing like the sea.
d Shadwel!, in the Boston Transcript.
hope now we shall meet often." Then
she beat an honorabre retreat down the
gravel path. leaving the enemy angry
"1 believecafter :il, she didn't get
hold of my nieanin' about them straw
berries. and put it all down to dys
pepsy:" ruminated Miss Webb, wrath
Young Mrs. Trafford waited until the
protecting fence shut out the red cot
tage before she ga'-e way to her laugh
"Poor woman:" she said, at last. "I
don't wonder she hates us. It must be
hard enough to have Mr. Trafford's
house and stable planted in her very
dooryard, without having that hideous
fence added. It shuts off hr entire
view, but I suppose that is just what
he wanted. He is such t vindictive
old man if any one crosse. him. I
wonder if in some way I could get
some vines planted on her side of the
fence as they arc on ours. That would
ga far to hide its ugliness if Mr. Traf
ford insists on keeping it up.''
On Saturday afternoon, when Miss
Webb returned from the weekly sewing
circle, she found a line of trelliswork
running the entire length on her side
of the fenre. and saw the Traffords'
gardener working busily at one end
"Mrs. Trafford's orders. miss." he
said. .touching his hat, as she strode
across the grass toward him. "She
hopes you'll like it. miss, and I'm to
anish it up on Monday."
Miss Webb folded her long arms and
urveyed his work in contemptuous
"I'm to finish Monday, miss," repeat
d the man, uneasily. and then he
shuite'ed out of the yard.
It took him an hour to ci'ar away the
[eap of broken trelliswork and vines
which, he found the next morning, had
been flung ruthlessly over the fence
nto Mr. Trafford's yard.
Mrs. Trafford grew a lile discour
iged at the failure of her friendly at
:empts, but she would not give it up.
"Why. Mr. Trafford," she said, a few
venings later. It the end of one of
:heir discussions on the subject, "no
ionder the poior oid woman feels bit
er toward us. I heard through the
:ninister's wife yesternay that she
thinks you put up that fence to keep
ier out of your grounds. She has
ilways been in the habit o. going to the
illage by the path through the
eadow; now she has to go by the
0; 1, a quarter of a mile farther. I
vish you would allow Benson to make
tgateway at that end, if nothing
"Well, well. IHave it your own way,
ruey"' grumbled Mr'. Trafiford. "Cut
Je gateway, but don't let me hear any
nore about it."
So Mrs. Trafford sent a note to Miss
Webb, telling her that she wouldI be
lad to have her make use of the gate
vhich Benson was making at the
arther end of the fence.
She received no answer, but the day
ifter the opening was completed she
saw Miss Webb come out of her
sitchen door with a box of nails and
, hammer in her hand.
She listened to the sharp, vindictive
lows of the'hammer, and reluctantly
icknowledged to herself that her last
afort, hite her first, was a failure.
That afternoon, as young Mrs. Traf
ord walked in the garden with her
Eatherinlaw, he stopped in front of a
2ewly completed trellis, behind which
the rejected gate was hidden, and
"Your friend. Miss Webb. keeps Ben
soni quite busy," he commented. But
Irs. TratTord pretende'd .not to hear.
Three months passed without further
ntercourse between the great house
nd the red cottage, and old Mr. Traf
rord had nearly forgotten his neigh
Nor's existence. Not so with Miss
Wbh. As the days grewv colder. and
le light frosts of autumn turned the
Lves of tihe oaks and maples to briil
at reds and yellows. she' felnt moret
envy than ever the loss cf her' once
-Tve read somewhere in some book
hat country people don't care for the
beautiful scenery. because they're so
sed to it.!" she muttered. "Some city
folks wrote that. I'll be bound. 'Tain't
so. The trees in the valley all flamin'
nd yellow used to make me feel so
rhipper! It's lonesome and smotherin',
bein'~ boxed in like this."
She locked the b'ack door of the cot
tagce, and set out for a half-day's visit
to her sister in South Danevilie. As
she waliked downm the fro.zen road andl(
pssed the end of the fenc'. sie gav.
a suaddenm start.:' ad snr:ed hlrd an t the
ast post. At its foot a little pile of
'nyves and slnvings~ was smouldering.
An (xnressoion camne into her face of
ing~led trimphnll and iesitatin. Thea
her features settled into a hard smile.
"Traffords' folks is all away to-day.
and it's none of my con-ern. It won't
1&zt7e up. anyhow. I guess." she said.
half-aloud, and se:ting her lips firmly
toether. she mnoved away.
Mrs. Daws notieced that her sister
was strange~r absentminded that af
tenon. Susy i)4ws made a cross sig
nificamtyir wih hlerl two forelingers andi
shook her h-ad warnling ly at her small
brothers when they ventured too neat
Miss Wehh's rocking chair.
But Miiss Wobb !:' dly noticd thiem,
and eve:1 foot to make ier usual
comment on 1 land's sin wai of
bringin'up childon." Sh filCto
11 vo sl u1; in:i7i it wn rm ;n I akek t heC
Whensh' s:cnpped ;ut of the :ar ait
tha' I )an-'vilie stattin, she u; ired with~
surprise that a little group of her igh
bars was standi.a on the uually de
srro ;d patforim. Dac':on Farrar caie
o.raird to inmet her.
".Miss Webb." he said. in a sepul
ehiral voice, "somethin' terrible's hap
"Let mn tell hlr" cried the deaon's
wife. elbowing her way to the front.
"A man don't know how to break
thiimzs to a body. 'Lizy, the Traffords'
fence is all burnt down. They think
one of the men workin' on the road
must have left his pipe on it. and it
got set that way. Anyhow. it's gone.
And the wind came up to blow, and
the house caught, and it's burnt to the
"Land o' Goshen." cried little Miss
Foss, the village dressmaker. "she's
goin: to faint clean away. I do believe!"
Miss Webb's face had turned white,
and she was swaying back and forth
with tensely clasped hands.
"Oh," she moaned. "I never thought
,f such a thing-! How could a fence
so far off from everything hav.e set tire
to the house? And me a member of
the Orthodox Church!"
"There, there!" said the deacon,
soothingly. "Of course it's a dispensa
tion, .Miss Webb. but do try to tear up.
It had to be one house or the other.
If the wind'hadn't changed. the Traf
fords' house would have gone 'stead
"The Traffords' house!'' gasped 'Miss
Webb. "Do you mean to tll me that
it's my house that's burned down an'
"'Tis so," sa-id Miss Foss. "Didn't
we tell you?"
A light cane into Miss Webb's eyes
and she burst into tears.
"Thank Heaven!" she sobbed.
"She went clean out of her mind."
said the deacon's wife, afterward. "I
never before in my life saw 'Lizy shed
A few days later young Mrs. Trafford
drove ovcr fo 3\rs. Daws' in South
Daneville, and asked to see her sister.
Miss Webb came down at once to the
best room, where her visitor was wait
ing, and as she entered she held out
Mrs. Trafford took it cordially. al
though with some surprise. and they
sat down side by side on the haireloth
"I have come." said Mrs. Traffo;'d,
gravely. "with a proposition ''om my
father-in-law. which I hope you will
accept. I need not tell you how sorry
we both are for your misfortune, and
especially that it should have been
caused by our fence. But since that is
the caso. .Mr. Trafford is very anxious
to rebuild your cottage on the same
site. And I can assure you that the I
fence has gone forever." she added,
with a smile. Miss Webb had been
fumbling in her pocket all the time
Mrs. Trafford had been speaking, and
she now held out an envelope, stamped
and addressed to Mrr. Trafford.
"I can't take it," she said, huskily.
"'Taint due me. I had a good insur
ance on my bouse, enough to get along
on with what I've got in the bank.
That fire was all my own fault. I
saw the pile lyin' there, and I saw
the post all charred and burnin'. I
knew the fence would go. I hoped it
would: but. Mis' Trafford, I never
thought of it's settin' fire to anything
else. It's mne that's got to pay you for
the fence: and here's the money.
Please give it to Mr. Traffori and tell
him it was all my own fault."
But Mrs. Triifford could be as stub
born as Miss Webb. "The fence wasn't
worth paying for," she said.-Youth's
Professor Molisch, of Prague, says
that photographs can be taken by the
light emitted by raw potatoes and hard
boiled eggs, in which the phosphores
cent germs have been artificially cul
The degree of humidity of the at
mosphere, says M. .Taubert, a Paris
meteorologist, is shown by the state
of the pavements. When these re
main covered with mud there will be
no immediate change in the weather.
At the Eutaw entrance to Druid Hill
Park. Baltimore. stands one of the most
remarkable sun dials in the world.
The time in many parts of the world
is shown whenever the sun is shining.
It is easily possible almost at first
glance to read the time within two or
three minutes, while closer acquaint
ance with the dial enables the correct
imae to he read to the minute. The
base is of carved bronze. The instru
ment was prcsented to the park by
Peter' Ilamiilton. wh~1o designed and
maeicntir'ely of stone.
Majbor Shizuose's smokeless powder
is a Jananese invention, and is ac
knowledged to be far mot'e powerful
than the English lyddite or the French
meinite. Indeed, this powder is by
actual test iive times as strong as the
European powder. When a shell tilled
with lyddite or melinite is fired it
breaks into ten or fifteen piees, where
ts the same shell filled with Shimnose's
smokeless powvder when exploded
bursts into 20001 to 3000) pieces. It is
the most power'ul smokeless powvder
ever invented, and its inventor is a
njor in the Japaineso arm'ny.
Sea ur('hi::s or ":wi ZZs" Itive a
queer metho~d of locmion!. 'They are'
protected by sharp'I spines, but these
0pne do no cover all the surface.
This is divided up into segments. like
a rough rinded melon. '1lTh narr.ow
seznments are piercedl wih' he'.es
Through these smuli.i les the "ea
eggs" protrude little tubes which act
as feet in the followving cur'ious way
The animal inflates the tubes inth
water from' little suckers n't the baick,
and in this way it pushes itself for
war. The tubular feet are fittedl to
every side of the creature. which is
th ealed to move in any direction
IN NORTH C-A' OIN AI
Occurrence. of lnterest i Vari
Parts of the State.
Charlotte Cotton rarkct. w
These figures represent prices paid to ti
Good middling .......... ...... .00 ra
Strict middling ...................00 .o
Middling ...... .............S.87% A
Tinges .... .... ........ ..... to 7%; d
Stains .. ...................6% to 7%
Geneal Cotton Market. F:
Galveston. firm ...... ...... ......9
New Orleans, steady ........ .....-9% i
Mobile, steady ........ ........8 13-16 n(
Savannah, quiet ...... ............8, ai
Charleston, firm ........ .......S tb
Wilmington, firm ........ .........8% w
Norfolk, firm ......................8% si
Baltimore, normal .......... ......9 ai
New York. quiet ..................9.15 n(
Bostoil, quint ...... ..............9.15 tu
Philadelphia. steady ...... ........9.40 P(
Houston, steady ........ ......8 15-16 al
Augusta, steady ..................9 az
emphis, firm ...... ..............9% hi
St. Louis, firm .... .............9 g(
Louisville, firm .... .......... ....9% fa
Fight May be Fatal. la
Asheville, Special.-Dr. W. P. Whit- ei
tington has returned from Banards- W
ville, in the Big Ivy section of Bun- di
combe, and twenty miles from this es
city, where he was called to attend a w
man named Tom Rice, who was struck he
in the head by a rock thrown by Jim n(
Adams. Dr. Whittington said that the c0
man was badly hurt, but that he was j m
still alive and might recover. The
rock crushed the sk-ull and a difficult w
operation was necessary. The cause
of the trouble between Rice and An- ay
drews resulting in the assault was over PC
some trivial matter. It is said that ti
Andrews made his escape.
Serious Fight at Newbern. he
Newbern, Special.-Charles Bryan hs
and George Cutler, colored men, be- cc
came engaged in a fight on the docks, in
and Bryan assaulted Cutler - with a tb
boat oar in such a manner as to burst
the eye ball. The wounded man also nc
received a serious injury to the head. in
An operation was necessary to re- th
lieve the eye. Bryan is in jail pend
ing the result of the other's injuries. be
Gattis Loses Suit. th
The famous Gattis-Kilgo case, on co
trial- at Raleigh last week, resulted in PC
a verdect in favor of defandant Kilgo. rv
Two jurors were charged with can- in
tempt of court at the close of the case. m,
An appeal was taken to the Supreme bu
North State News. is
There was a serious wreck on the in
Southern Railway near Kings Moun- st
tain Thursday. resultir in the death IV
f Engineer Cauble and his fireman. is
one of the passengers were seriously fr<
The State charters the Johnason City NE
Southern Railway, A. B. Andrews, Hen- to:
ry W. Miller, F. H. Miller, of Raleigh; Gm
Alfred P. Thomas, Fairfax 'Harrison, t
f Washington, D. C., and H. C. Ans-V.
ey, of Alexandria, Va., incorporators
and directors; capital stock $355,000.
I'be road will extend 71 miles from
~arion, up the north fork of the Ca- hi
awba river and down the valley of bu
he Toe river to the Tennessee line, Sa
here to connect -with a railway to a
ohnson City. th
Monitor Puritan Aground. TI
Washing.3n, Special.-The monitor 1el
uritan is reported hard aground be
ff Point Lookout, in the Potomac. th:
She has on board the naval reserves of ern
the District of Columbia and wa-s to he
ave participated in the manouvres of th
Wednesday night against Forts Wash- w
ngton and Hunt. All efforts for two ar
ays to float the ship have proven so an
Lar unsuccessful. te
A submarine torpedo boat that can
e carried on the deck of a battleship
was successfully tested in England. p
Oyama is reported to be ready to .
ssume tthe offenssive and 'strike a Li
rushing' blow before an armistice . F
an be arranged.
It is intimated that Germany's sup-.
posed intention to fortify Kiaochou Jth
Bay may decide Great Britain to hold th
m to Wei Hai Wei. de
King Oscar's letter was lai.d' before
he Storthing and referred to a special
ommittee without comment, but it is
mderstood Norway will stand by her
Members of two lodges of the Royal t
ranum in Petersburg are preparing P
o adopt resolutions of protest agaimst
he action of the, Supreme Lodge in l
James WV. Cocke. charged with the 0o
larceny of $95 from . an iron safe in th
the dr-ug s-ore of W. E. Brown. in s
Petersburg, in May last, was before Ti
the Mayor yesterday, and was sent on d
o the grand jury. Cocke is tighly th
onnected and married, Hie was in the th
rug business in Petersburg. 00
Linevitch Reports Advance.
St. Petersburg. By Cable.-Gen. Lin
evitch, in a despatch to Emperor Nich
olas. dated June 15, reports that a tr
Russian turning movement forced the in
Japanese to retire from Iulantizi, June St
1. after burning their supplies. An- cC
ther Russian force June 12. advanced s1
from the valley of the Tsin river to a:
he vi!!aZe of Vanloungow. p)ushig rc
>ack the Jaoanese advance positior.s. t
re same dlar the Russian cavalry 31
cupyng Nanshantehienzi retirecl ri
To Award Contracts.
Washington. Special.-The Navy De
partment has del ided to nwaird con
tracts for guns and mounts for thej
battleship New Hampshire and~ the
armored cruisers North Carolina and
Motana ibids for -which were recently N
Olpened as follows: Bethlehem Steel er
Company. 4 2'3-inch guns, at 3i51.64 Iin
each, and eight coinch motms, at $13.- st
99 each: Midvale Steel Company,
thirty-two 6-inlch guns. at $14.355 each' h
eight S-inch gunis at $17.142 each. and h
ORTH CAROLINA CROP BULLETIN
ar.ditions For Past Week as Given
Out by the Department.
During the week ending Monday,:
ime 10th, 1905, the weather on the
hole was very favorable for agricul
ral interests, except that the latter
Lrt of the week was too cool for the
pid growth of crops. Although some
cal storms occurred on Wednesday,
h, with hail and hi-h winds, which
Lmaged crons in a few counties, e
tmely Nash. Alamance, Vance, t
*anklin and Warren, there was a
mneral absence of precipitation dur
g the week over most of the State,
ving farmers an excellent and much
eded opportunity to cultivate crops
d kill grass and weeds. In most of C
e northeastern and western counties, t
ere the rainfall has not been exces- t
ve, the soil has become rather dry, a
Ld upland crops are beginning to p
ed light rains. The mean tempera- 1.
re for the week averaged about 74
r cent., or nearly 2 degrees daily r
ove the normal. On the 5th, 6th,
d 7th the temperature was quite !
gh, maxima above 90 degrees being
nerally recorded; this was the most
vorable period of the week, during n
ich crops made rapid growth; the t
tter portion was, however, cool I
.ough to check growth, the tempera- s
re at night falling quite low. There c
is abundant sunshine everywhere
ring the week. The weather was
pecially favorable for farm work,
iich was pushed vigorously; farmers
.ve generally succeeded in subduing
ass and weeds, and most crops are 1
iw clean, well cultivated and in good S
ndition. Harvesting operations and e
aking hay progressed favorably, t
aterial improvement in crops took
ace during the early portion cf the
Though some fields are still grassy
d not chopped to stands, the larger
rtion of the cotton crop has been
aced in a state of excellent cultiva
n, but the crop is only doing fairly q
1l as regards growth; the plants are I
astly late, small, and much not very p
althy in color; continuous warmth a
needed for best development; lice p
ve appeared on cotton in many 0
unties. Corn is in good condition
the west, where it is being worked
e third time; in many central and
stern counties, where thE stands
re injured by worms, the crop has
t grown very rapidly, though it is
proving; in the southern portion of C
a State laying by corn has com- I
meed, with some of it in silk and a
sel. Planting corn on lowlands is c
ing rapidly advanced. Tobacco is
ported to .be in good condition,
Dugh growing slowly. Cutting wheat
tinued through the week, and re
rts generally indicate a smaller
ld than was expected; winter cats.
a and spring oats are more promis
. Field peas are being planted in t
st counties. Peanuts look well, t
t poor stands are reported in some
rteastern counties, where the 0
ather has been very dry and rain n
needed. Gardens continue to do T
1l. Irish potatoes seem to be yield
well In many counties, and good
Lnds of sweet potatoes have general
been secured. Melons are poor.
airly large crop of peaches is prom
d, but apples have largely fallen
m the trees and a poor crop is in
Rains reported: Goldsboro, trace;I
wern 0.28, Weldon 0.06, Wilming
1 0.10, Hatteras 0.20, Nashville 0.86,
eensboro 0.22, Raleigh 0.36, Marion,
ce; Settle 0.09. Charlotte, Ashe
le and many other points reported I
t is learned that F. H. Fries andj
associates, will rapidly push the
ilding of the railway from Winston
lem southward to Wadesboro. There
pears to be a very good prospect
the building of a trolley line on
turnpike now under construction I
ween Wilkesboro and Jefferson.
.ere is ample water power conven
Ltly located. It is said the road canI
built for $300,000. The turnpike is
t macadamized. It is so well graded
it it has cost $22,000 a mile on an av
tge so far, for construction, and the
aviest grading has been completed. (
seems to be a sort of Impression i
it the Southern, the Norfolk &
stern, and the Seaboard Air Line
Smaking a race to get into Southport <
d it is very certain that more at
tion has been directed recently to
Slatter place than ever before.
North State News.
Major 3. H. MfcIver has resigned his c
sition as superintendent of the con- I
t force at work on the Enterprise c
imber Company's road, and left last t
iday to join his family In Greens- I
ro. He is succeeded here by Mr.
addell, who arrived last week. Ma- 1
r Mciver has been in the service of I
e State for twenty-five years. He
ade many friends here who regret his
Change in Call on Banks.
Washington, Special.-The Secretary ~
the Treasury announced that the
yment of the second intallment of
a public deposits called from de
sitary banks will not be required on
ly 1, the date named in the call, but
iy be made by the bankts at any time r
or before July 15. The purpose of a
is change in the date of payment is to y
parate the tr-ansfer of funds of the f
'easury from the heavy paymernts of I a
ridends and interest falling due on
e first of July. The unpaid portion of
e second installment to be paid by ~
banks to the Treasury is about $12,- 1
Work on Test Farm.
Work has begun on the test farm for
ick and berries, at Willard. this hay- e
been the farm recently given to the
ate, and about which some complaint
ies from Wilmington. that place de-2
ing to be the location of the farm,
ad wishing tile board of agriculture to
consider what it has done. mispose oft
e farm at Willard and select one at
ilmingtcn. It is learned that the Ag
ultural Depar'tmelnt has not the
wer to sell :he Willard farm without S
special act of the Iegislature.
Orders for Trial Given.
Washington. Speelal.-Orders have
'en given at the Navy Department for
e offiial tri of the protected cruis
Charleston. built by the Newport
e ship-building Company. off the
ast of New Engier~d. on the 2SthK
stant. After the v-eszel's crews are
andarized she wili be given a four
mrs' run in open sea to dletermineC
r speed. The Charleston has a dis -
acement of 9.700' tons and an indi -
.ted horse-power of 21,000, and car
as 14 gunns in her main battery.
8OUTHERN -: '
TOPICS OF INTEREST TO THE PLANTE
Rotation of Crops.
There are various methods oi* in
reasing the yield of crops besides
lage and the use of fertilizers; and
ne of the most important of these
iethods is crop rotation. or the grow
ig of different kinds of plants on the
ame land from year to year instead
f taking the same kind of crop con
'nuously from the same land, and
bat some crops will not grow well
fter others, and that some kinds of
ants actuahy grow better immediate
after the land has been occupied by
rtain other kinds. For example.
d clover ceases to thrive after wheat;
!so wheat seldom does well when
>wn after barley.
All plants remove from the land
iore or less of the fertilizing mat
rs when carried off from the land.
ut all plants do not carry off the
ime kind of fertilizers, nor do they
irry of the same amounts. All plants
o not draw equally upon the fertiliz
ig ingredients of the soil. For in
tance, one crop may consume a large
mount of nitrogen, another may ex
aust the soil in phosphoric acid, while
till another may require potash. How
ver, all plants require some of these
Liree ingredients, but in different pro
ortions. "Root crops." for example
nch as potatoes, beets, turnips, etc.
eed a liberal amount of potash and
hosphoric acid. Forage plants-corn,
r instance-needs nitrogen to produce
be leaves and stems, while cotton re
uires a small amount of nitrogen and
otash, but a liberal supply of phos
horic acid, which goes to form seed
nd lint. Hence it is obvious that some
Ian of rotation should be adopted in
rder to prevent the land becoming de
cient in some one or more of these es
The following rules for rotation may
e of advantage:
Such plants as tend particularly to
7haust the soil. like grain crops,
hould only be sown on fertile land,
nd they should not exceed one an
ther. but may best be followed by
lants that are less exhausting.
On heavily manured fields, such
rops should be planted as can bear
he most fresh manure, while less
xhaustive plants may follow.
It is generally advantageous to al
rnate crops that have top roots with
bose that have spreading roots.
No two crops favorable to the growth
f insects and fungi should be per
aitted to succeed 'each other. It is
cry essential in many cases to change
he crops frequently. to hinder the in
rease of these pests. There are 'vari
us insect injurious to grain which
ould increase to an alarming extent
' the land were devoted exclusively
o grain crops year after year. But
rhen a crop of beans or turnips fol
aw a grain crop, the whole tribe of
'rain insects may perish or disappear
rom the field. The clump-foot. or as
a sometimes commonly known, the
big root" in cabbage and collards, in
ke manner prevent their continual
ultivation on the safne land. Farmers
nd market gardeners in vicinities
ear cities would be glad to grow cabr
age year after year upon the same
and, but they cannot because of this
One form of rotation of crops com
aoniy practiced in this State, and in
aost .of the Southern States, is the
rowing with reference to their
aanurial value. Red clover or cow
eas sown in spring, or rye sown in
all and plowed under when it has
aade a fair growth, are the most comn
aon methods of green manuiring. The
ffets are often very noticeable. By
his method we largely increase the
-egetable matter in the soil, and this
au improves the physical condition
f the soil.-L. M. Oden, A. and M1.
sollege, West Raleigh, N. C.
Titilizing Sorghum For Siange.
Sorghum will make a very fine quai
ty of silage if properly managed. One
f the best varieties to grow Is the Red
ead, because of the stout, stiff nature
f the stalk. It stands up much better
han the Amber and some other simi
rly stalked varieties, and yet is not
o coarse but that it is readily eaten
y livestock. Plant the sorghum in
ows ab~out three feet apart, using
bout twelve pounds of seed per acre.
ultivate as an ordinary corn-crop and
ut when ready for the silo with the
orn harvester. Do not cut for silage,1
owever, until the beads are matured
nd the seed is virtually ripe. Most
ersons who attempt to use sorghum1
or silage cut it too green and make a1
erious mistake by so doing. Sorghum
olds its juices with remarkable tenac
:y, and owing to the considerable.
mount of saccharine matter contained-1
mkes an unusually fine quality of sil
ge. You may plant sorghum any
here from the first of May to -the
.rst of .Tune. Fairly early planting is1
disable, as it gives the plant longeri
o mature. It is claimed by many, as:
ou doubtless krow, that sorghum is
ard on the land, but in proportion to
ke yield obtained it is not harder than
A successful man keeps his eyes and!
ars open and his mouth closed.
There is something cannibalistic
out vanity; it feeds mostly upon
A married man says the easiest way
a manage a wife is to let her have;
er own way,
No sensible girl considers herself an
ngel just because some young m'aa
appens to tell ner ai.
If some wives would hand their hus
adls a few mere smiles at home they
ouldnt purchase so many at
When you see a girl picking lint oE
young man's coat in pulic it s a safe
et that her engagement rimg is quite
It~y is mighty hard for a man not to
ike the rich father of a girl as m.uch!
.s he lilkes her.
A man thinks he is mighty charita
le when he gets somebody else to
ive $10 to his favorite charity.
The hand that -fills the coal bin robs
R, STOCKMAN AND TRUCK GROWER,
other crops. Sorghum has some mani
fest advantages over corn, as it will
grow better on thinner land, as it is
hardier and more vigorous and there
fore withstands drought better, and
as a rule it will outyield corn. In other
words, where ten tons of corn are put
in the silo per acre, you can count on
from thirteen to fifteen tons of sor
zhum. Sorghum can be handled as eas
ily as corn, and will keep just as long
f not put up too green. If placed in
a rotation so as to come on the land
nce in five years it will not injure the
round. It would be a mistake to at
tempt to grow sorghum year after year
on the same land, unless it were pos
sible to plow under some crop like
!rimson clover. and apply heavy
tmounts of phosphates and potash each
ear. By utilizing sorghum for silage
>n many Southern farms and growing
ome peas for hay, the crop can be
red as grain and the shredded stover
ind pea hay used as dry roughness and
i much larger number of animals main
tained than is the general practice at
the present time.--Professor Soule.
The cabbage louse, having safely
passed through an unusually hard win
ter, is now satisfying his ravenous ap
petite at the expense of cabbages, tur
nips, mustard, etc.
This insect must not te confused
with the harlequin bug or with the
3ommon cabbage worms. The cabbage
louse is a very small, gray, soft-bodied
louse that gathers in great numbers
)n the leaves and stems of the cabbage
and does damage by sucking the sap
from the plant.
On account of the fact that it sucks
the sap, instead of eating the leaves,
it cannot be fought satisfactorily by;
using Paris green or other similar
Last year we had experience -with
this insect, and found a very simple
nd effectual remedy. Ordinary laun
ry soap, dissolved in water at the rate
of one and one-half pounds to four
allons of water and applied thorough
ly with a spray pump, will certainly,
kill them. If the soap be cut Into thin
pieces and boiled. in two gallons of
water it will quickly dissolve, when
cold water may be added to make the
four gallons. It should then be ap
plied while still warm.
It may not be altogether easy to
make a thorough application. When
the plants are badly infested the
leaves become very much curled, so
that it is difficult to reach the lice.
Here we see the advantage of mak
ing the application early, before the
leaves get curled. But even If they are
aured- It Is quite practicable to have S!
boy, barefoot and with sleeves rolled
up, to accompany the sprayer and rap
idly turn the leaves from side to side
while the application is being made.
If taken in time, one application will
usually be sufficient. Otherw's, it
may be necessary to give a second
treatment. a week or ten days later.
By following these directions many
thousands of plants were saved last
year.-Franklin Sherman, Jr., Ento
mologist, Department of Agriculture,
Raleigh, N. C.
Cheapest Way to Get Flowers.
We want shrubs on every home place
in America because they furnish more
fowers for less money and care and for
longer period of years than any other
plants. True, some trees have big
fowers and lots of them, but they are
ligher up in the air, while it bush is
just where you can see it and smell it.
Shrubs are more permanent than
"perennials." and they are nothing
ike the bother annuals are. You plant
trees for posterity, but shrubs for your
sed-eso. You get flowers the second
year, if you pay a decent price, and
if you go away for a summer,.the place
loes not look like an abandoned home.'
The plain truth is that a home without
shrubbery is all wrong. Shrubbery is
lust as necessary to a place as clothing
to a man. Nine times out of ten the
straight line where a building meets
he ground should be hidden by shrubs.
-Garden Magazine. . .
Feeding Value of Corn and Cob Mesl.l
There is no reason why corn and cob'
neal should not be fed to cattle, sheep!
Lnd hogs. It can be fed to these classes
)f stock without regrinding, thoughi
etter results will as a rule follow re
Irinding, as the particles are finer and
ore quickly acted upon by the diges
:ive juices. In a finely ground condie
:ion the sharp particles of the cob are
ot so likely to injure the digestive or
;ans. 'One of the great advantages of.
rrinding the grain and cob together is
:hat it lightens the grain which is rich
and heavy and not always thoroughly
ligested and assimilated. Corn and
rob meal will, of course, give better
results as a rule when fed in combina
:ion with other grains, and if used for
oung and growing stock a liberal
mount of some concentrate rich in
rotein should be incorporated in the
:ation.-A. M. Soule.
Odds and Ends.
WXhen a girl has pretty teeth it is
a sign that -she will let everybody
Some men who water their milk
every day cannot understand why the
prayer-meetings seem so thin..
What a beautiful world this would be
if natural flowers would caly grow to
rseble their pictures in the seed cat
Foriearence with the wrong is not
:ae same as its forziveness.
The models of fashion here cannot
evn he certain of passing mauster as
Geor-mats in Heavecn.
Men who couldin't organize a peanut
stand know just ho the pastor should
run th.e church.
It takes as much grace to make a
saint out of a Pharisee as it does to
make one out of a publican.
The modern idolitor falls down before
the work ot his own imagination in
stead ci that of his hands.
Many people see their children grow
up while they are planning on begin
ning to train them.