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PUBLISHED WEEKLY. WINNSBORO, S. C.,VWED.NESD-AY, JULY5[9.ES A L H D184
THE FIELD OF HONOR
DUELING IN NORTH CAROLNA IN
THE DAYS GONE BY.
Tragedies In Which Some of the Fa
mous Men of the State Were Unhap
pily Involved-The Diamal Swany
Was a Favorite Meeting Place.
Dueling in the Old North State in the
early days was not the light and airy
pastime which the French make of it
these latter years. The history of duel
Ing in North Carolina is in most part
quite misty, and really authentic rec
ords do not go back more than a cen
tury. Up to the time of the war of the
Revolution swords were used almost
exclusively by duelists, though in sonic
cases guns, pistols and even knives
were used. For example, about 160
years ago, near the old town of Bath,
there was a duel between two ship
captains, growing out of a quarrel
about a trifling matter, in which their
left hands were ..shed together, while
each had a dap er in the right hand.
Each dagger was fastened to the wrist
with a lanyard so that if it slipped
from the hand it could b3e grasped.
Both men were killed in this desperate
encounter, which was witnessed by
several persons, in the cold blooded
fashion of that time.
Dueling continued to be much in
vogue until the period of the Mexican
war-in fact. there were duels up to
the time of the civil war. Toward the
end of the eighteenth century dueling
came to be the fashion. and this went
over into the nineteenth century for
some years. The State university was
then in the early stages of existence
and the president and faculty called
upon the famous Colonel William Polk
of Raleigh. the greatest North Caro
linian of his time. a distinguished
Revolutionary soldier, the frien- of
Washington and o. Lafayette and the
father of Bishop Polk of Louisiana
(afterward a notable lieutenant gen
eral in the Confederate service), to go
to Chapel Hill, the seat of the uni
versity, and by his precept and exam
pile stamp out dueling. Colonel Polk
went and talked to the students In
such a way that duels ended there.
Perhaps the most interesting of all
the fatal duels in the state was that
between Governor Richard Dobbs
Speight and John Stanley. This was
fanght in the center of the historic
town of Newbern In 100. Newbern
was the most' aristocratic place In the
state. It had been for years the seat
of the royal goverinent nnd for a 'con
siderable time of the state government
under the federal constitution. The
duel was the result of one of the in
tensely bitter and prolonged political
controversies which marked that pe
rlod. The challenge was sent by
Spelght, and Stanley, exercising the
rIght of the person challenged, chose
pistols as the weapons. The place cho
sen was a lawn under some noble elms
In the rear of the 1asonie lodge, and
It is one of the strange facts that com
plete publicity was given to the affair
:and that not the least effort wvas made
to stop it. In fact, a number of promi
neat persons witnessed it.
The friends of Stanley pleaded for a
recone1Uiation, not only before the duel.
but while it was in progress. After the
first exchange of shots, which was in
effectual, the friends of Stanley urged
Governor Speight to end the matter
and renew the old friendship, but he
refusedL and so five times these mien
took aim at each other and exchanged
shots, At the fifth shot Governor
Speight raised his hands, staggered
and fell, death resulting in a few mo
ments. Governor Speight and Stanley
were aristocrats of the highest type.
Speight had twvice been governor. A
son of Stanley became governor of the
state of California. MIembers of both
families yet live in the state. Another
son of Stanley became prominent dur
ing the civil war because of his ap
pointment by President Lincoln as
go9P'Lior of North Carolina. Of course
yie coyi be in charge of only that part
of t~b s&M: which was under federal
eitro-#ay., .about fif tee-i coun
tiez, with ,Newbr as the capital, the
Federals itgvigag ac#piyl the latter
city in the summ~Ier .o.f 5.?
A brother of John Staaig Agured :ip
another duel, also at Newbern, Tfi3m
was Wright Stanley, and his antagoe
nist was Louis D. Henry. The latter
.was a man of great talent and very
marked personal beauty, who in later
years became attorney general. - At the
im~e of the duel Stanley and Henry
wgy quite young and ranked among
pp ag~hg beaux of North Carolina.
4g ge gryiy out of a trifle. At a tea
psdy it ums Several young ladies
were presg epy papelessly flipped
with his thumb ago fctjige gt bit of
biscuit across the table 'aggl WG 8O
key's cup of coffee. Stanley wass M~p
ly offended, colored high, rose from the
table, but resumed his seat and a little
later in the evening sent a challenge to
Hernry. This was at once accepted,
##Ch details were arranged the next
day,. M f~his meeting Stanley vwas shot
4 ag jwpy lost a finger of the
left jasgt, wg4 t:as cut off by the
heavy buUet isop #anley's pistol.
stanley's second was 6eusge y padg
er of Raleigh. who many yeais B~;
ward was United States senatur and
who was one of the greatest men
North Carolina has ever produced.
When Badger left the senate the latter
94apted resolutions of regret. It is
aM4 tut it was the only time such a
j'his was ever done.
Tbj 'efiw: fought very near the
line betw~a M4o i. a nd North (Caro
lina, a few miles sortw ,, .Suffolk. V a.
Nesof it got out, and uuu aggc~inia
gnd North Carolina otticers hurrul,-dt iW
the place. When they arrived th-ey
found Stanley's body on the ground,
dbath having occurred almot instantly
from a wound near the heart. Banger.
Stanley's second, left the field in a
great hurry a few moments before the
officers arrived, and thus avoided ar
rest. This action of his ever after sub
jected him to some criticism from the
friends of both duelists. The death of
Stanley really ruined Henry-s life.
Though a fearless nian, lie never after
ward dared sleep alone at night.
A fatal duel took place in 184.; in the
great and lonely Dismal swamp, pre
cisely on the line between North Caro
lina and Virginia. I. C. lionas. a
very ardent politician of GIr'enville. N.
C.. challenged Colonel Edward C. Yel
lowly, a great poater of the same
place, the challenge following a politi
cal controversy. Yellowly was very
much opposed to a imeeting and up to
the last moment endeavored to effect a
reconciliation, but to no avail. He
killed Thomas at the first fire aud this
made him miserable thereafter. Never
theless he had another meeting. witih
Ferdinand Harris. a member of the
legislature. and killed the latter at the
first fire. Yellowly was a particularly
fine shot. He was a man of very court
ly manners and marked bravery, and
uring the civil war served in the Con
Most of the duels fought in the state
were in the east, where the great plant
ers lived. men who were literally
"lords of the manor," and who brook
ed no insult or even a hint of one.
The Dismal swamp was quite a fa
vorite meeting place. not only for
North Carplinians,. but for Virginians.
Dugger and Drumgoole fought In the
swamp. one standing in Virginia and
the other in North Carolina. and two
shots were exchanged. Drumgoole be
ing killed at the second fire.
Fenner B. Satterthwaite and Colonel
Kennedy. both of the old town of
Washington. fought a duel about IS50.
They went up the river near the town
a little after dawn and fought with
double barrel shotguns. Kennedy -was
killed at the first shot. The affair grew
out of politics. Both men used buck
shot, and Kennedy was terribly man
gled. Some shot grazed Satterthwaite's
Dr. Daniel E. Johnson and Thcmas
S. Jones. both of the quaint little town
of Hertford, In northeastern North
Carolina. went out of the state to fight.
their quarrel growing out of some do
mestic troubles. They faced each oth
er with revolvers at the bloody spot at
Bladensburg. in Maryland, long known
as the national dueling ground. Johw
son was shot through the head at the
first exchange of shots.
In the western part of the state there -
.have been extremely few duels. the'r
mountain people having little relish
for that sort of business. There were,
however, at least two duels early in
the last century, in which the old fash
oned long barrel deer rifles were used.
In one case there was a duel with pis
tols between Dr. James Vance of Bun
conibe county, an uncle of the noted
governor and united States senator.
Zebulon Baird Vance. and Samuel P.
Carson, in which the latter was wound
ed. but not seriously. The duelists at
once iade friends, aud the matter end
ed happily. 4
General Thomas L. (lingmnan. who
for years represented the mountain
district in congress and wvho wvas brig
;dier general ini the Confederate army. -
was twice a challenger in duels and -
was once challenged. Ie was "out"
three times, but was unhurt. All of
his duels were fought out of the state,
one of thenm while he wams in congress. i
Ther~e were some~ duels whichl had a
e'g~nic sid", one of these affairs being
that in wili Shocco JTones figur'ed
and which grew ot of a dispute about
a1 pi:g. In this neither pa r~iip ant wa~
hrt. Jones was a gre::t plant r and gi
writer of much local repuite. anid onei
of the oddest books ever writ ten ab out
the state .s lhis Terensfle of Nortih
Carolina." in whuli lie r'oast'Id 'Thinos
Jefferson on the ground that he hadn J
been studlotusly unfaIr to North 'aro
lina because of his intense partiality
to Virginia. It was with one of .Jones'
kinsmen that John Paul Jones, one of
the most famnotus sea lighters this ('(Jn
try or the world has ever known, lived
for sever'al years. the home of the
Jones' kindly paitr'on not being far
from Shoeco. the "seat" of Shoco
Jones.-('harieston New's and Courier.
Ogg~ the Jalps Lost at sea.
P'robaibly ot jg~wspaper readers
arec unawar'e that the VUnited Su:'
once fought a naval battle with Japan,~
in which the .Jaipanese were not v'le
tors, says the Leavenworth (Kan.)
Times. The American force. ..om
manded by Dav'id S. McDoagal, con-~
ssted of the Wyoming, a second class ]
120 ton sloop. carrying six guns. The1
Japanese had thriee inmpriovisedl w~ar -
ships. converted merchan tman, mount
ing twenty guns among themm. These
wrie aided by seveii land forts. with.
tirty any af the best type of the time.
The lclti, rougl,.z i fuly 1G, 19'2. E
asted just. one bour. Mt'tho te i or
that time thme Jlaps didn't have any 3
was"hips left and the seven forts hadi
retired from business. Thbe Wy'oming
was a little battered, bat still inm thme
No Secret A bout It.
It is no secret, that i,:,r Cut
Burns, Ulcers, Fever Sores, Sore
Bves, Boils, etc,, nothing is so
3ective as Buck'len's Arnica
Salve. "It didn't take long to i
uire a bad sore I had. and it is
all . K. for sore eyes," writes
D. L. Gregory, of Hope, Te':.
25c at McMaster Co.'s, Ober
Drug Co.'s and John H. MeMas
ter & Co.'se rng stoe...: i
In Memoriam'-. H. 'leans.
In the cemetery of the Fir:;t
Presbyterian hurch of Columbia
here has been placed a stoue.
vhich fittingly conunemorates the
lu1alities and public servicns of
>ne of the leaders of the Stite
before and in the war; a mani wl)
bore a large part in the siaping
)f the secession doct ine aid who
svillingly gave his life~ in defeuse
of southern principles. Emble
nati> of his substautial ciaracter
ind enduriug iniuenre, his mon
aiment is a large boulder of
ranie from his native Fair
ield, the polished surface bear
ug the following inscription:
JOHN 11'G1i ME.ANS
homas and Sa1a-.h Milli
Born August 1s, 1s12.
at Second Bat tle of Araassas
Aug. 26. lst;2.
'Dule et deceoru ni est pro) patria nori.
of South Carolina Colletre, B?2.
from Fairfield District,1844.
of South Carolina. 1 50.
PR E FY DENT
of the Convention of s1-2.
of the Secessioln Convent ion. ISO.
cO( LON E L
of the 17th jie t S. C. V., C. S. A.
And For 3any Years
an Elder of Salm ('hurch.
"And thus he bore wit hout rep1rOAch
he grand old name1t of peitleieI.''
He is buried inl tie Means
('emeterv, inl Fairfield County,
And this Cenotaph is erected
1To his memory at the 'hurcli
The mouument was erected by
7ov Means' grandsons, John
Eugh Means of Virginia and
Robrt Preston Means of 3irm
ngham, Ala., and his nephews,
Tames Q. Davis and John G.
kiobley of Fairfield.
A Bad Scare.
Some day you wiW get a bad
sare, when you feel a pain in
Fou:- bowels, and fear appendi
:itis. Safety lies in Dr. Kink's
ew Life Pills, a sure cure, for all
Todwe nd st6mach diseasvs, such i
ts headache, biliousness, costive
ess, etc. Gnaranteed at McMas
er Co.'s, Obear Drug Co.'s and
ohn H. McMaster & Co.'s drug1
tores; only 25c. Try them.
Taking to the Woods.
The announcererAt in the press
ispatch yesterday that "as soon
s tae investment of the charges
>f leakage in cotton statistics has
>een completed" Mr. Wilson
vi make "a tour of the Western
orest rese-rves," is intercsting
ut then we expected the Secretaryv
>f griculture would have to
'take to the woods" before he
was through with the cotton sta
istices scandal. --News and Ciou
Interesting to Asthma Sufferers.
"'I have had aisthnia for three or foaur
ears5 anfd hiav~e tried about all the
oughi andl asthman enir(s ini the marii
:r','' says' Danie. 1 :antz, of' Ouervill,
romt physicians in New York and
ther cities, but got very little beei
mt il I tried F'oley's H1oneiy anid 'Sar
h ichi gtave mue imn u i rei ef andm I
r l never bec v:ihouit it in mev hiou-.
sincerely reconuencid it to all."' Sold
y MIe3aster (Co.
The stronges': ass t of the com
aercial world, the strongest se
urity to our poiliticali strncture,
s the Christian religi on.-Living
Ten Years in Bed.
"'For tenl years I wfas conin ed0( to my'
2( with d1ias of my' kirineys.
iot mo-: pa'S ' t of time I cUonsl.
the v'ery bes-t meidicail -kill avaiilabb',
mid.ev Cuire was r'connnlf'1ede to me.
Men are so proudi of their priv
leges thlat t hey en't feel that a
:irl has real good se-nse w lhen slhe
ekowedges t-hat sie never en
'ed them the pri vil go of smnokl
Spra'ned Ankle, 5tiff Neck, Lame
who ic Chamberilin's l'%in R ~ilmii
tiering' wh len t'obtleud with my onetiit
Literature is the thougrht of
To Cure a Gold in One Diy
'ake LANXATI VE1 iiOMO)( QU -
'INE Tah iets. Al l ruisf s refunid
lie mioney' ifit falils toLue
E. W. Girove's inaurI- IS on eachi
WcV0R D that word i
It -ref-s to Dr. Tutt's Liver Pilis and
ME ANSz T HE AL TH.
Trat'bccd wiA indigstion?
AN/ r a s2 spsd any others
Take No Substitute.
Country Editor's Vacation Time.
The countrv editor, like all
Nditors, is (regarious. Despite a
-riej voujsly commounopiuion to the
,outrarv, he loves to eat, drink
aud be rurrv, to la.rd over atten
aated ribs with the substance, an(I
not the shadow, of eartl's good
things, to refresh a jaded mind
by attriti.n with other bright in
tellects and to revive drooping
spirit by the inspiring aurali of
the veal's successes. Thus we
dlways fiad that about this. ti me
Year sanctums are deserted,1
cissoirs are rusting- in unaccus
toaed id'eness, the paste pot is
surrendered to the blu.e--bottle fly
and "Pro Bouo Publico," "Veri -
Las, "Ctij n an 6Subscriber",
ire turn"d over to t he t-1nder mer-'
:-ies of the office devil. The ed
tor is off on bis ainu innket -
For OverSixty Years
MIrs. WINSLow's soouril I N; SYuuP
as been used for ove:* (;0 years by mil
ions of mothers for their children
while teething, with pirfeet seecesss f
[t soothes the chil1d, softens the guInis
Illays all pain; cures wind colie, aid is
:le best remedy for Diarriea. It will
relieve the poor little su fierer ininedi
itely. Sold by druggists in every part
>f the world.*Twenty-tive cents a
LIottle. Be. sure and 'ask for "Mrs.
W~inlow'. S; o)thing Sy rup, and take
no other imno.
Sow a thoughit, yov reap an act;
Sow an act, you reap a habit;
Sow a habit, yoa reap a char
Sow a character, you reap a
For Infants and Chilidren.
The Kind You Have Always Bought
fShe Accepts You
:oi wViIIl' li cofronited wVithI theL gro
Ami: we'll wager& youi will Ifid it a -
ighty~ hard lpropiositionl, too.]
Starit raiht-get ne:juainted with US
--wi Il hel sm oothi thIe th ornyv path
We will serve
:ou both euonofmi(.ally andl promphItly
*-w will kL ep your waiits supplied at
For ayuu n ple, as am rule. miiust
aarr oni :1 S?':i sah-,-w' suionl the
rallts of t he' sinull famhi! \ :as readilyl as
heI dem,~:~Ius of the larget hotel. Ip
m 1r clea god-. nIa clean I
\ 5~ailu 2li011 el.ekp
Starting rig'ht t
Sh:If the'a bt le-wve'Il tui::ht twVo
WV. C. Royd.
A l'hi:;delphia Gallant.
There is iotling that astonishes a
wtom0an S> 1:11(1h as meeting a man
who tal:ts !:' at her word. A certain
very i:vpetuous young woman living
in 1i- suhurbs of this city experienced
ths l:iiqei Sensation when she at
tenticil a inusie:lie given by a friend
and maet a specimen of the too literal
nule. She was about to leave the
house when her hostess called after
her: "Oh. donI't think of going out on
such a storiy night alone. 'Mr. G.
will be gi:)l to go with you. Won't
you. M1r. .'' turning to a gentleman
at !er ri-Dht. "Delighted." said the
would be e.-wort. heaning on the young
vomnan!. anrid h:e slipped on his over
(xat and sto;d ready with hat and
muliirel:a inl ha1nd. "Oh. please don't
hoilier." said the protesting girl. "You
1:now I ::,i ruitc acen'Ustoni1 to going
otut alonre. I amn not the least bit
frid. I nearly always leave here un
escorted." "Oh. well. If that Is the
:sei, s:idd tht stupid man. "I don't
ned to go theu. I would not think of
interfering with your lifelong habits."
And without giving the independent
youig wonan a chance to avail herself
:if his escort he threw off his overcoat
md joined a pretty blond at the end
>f the hallway.-Phliladelphla Record.
Willing to Oblige.
On one occasion, when Robin Allison,
who was beadle at Kilwinning, had
qarried. some goods for a traveler visit
ng his customers. he was delighted
with a dram over and above his pay.
"'Deed, that's rale guld o' ye, noo,"
a:1i(d Robin, "but maybe I'll be able to
The ye a gid turn yet. Ye ken I'm
:he gravedigger. Dae-dae ye like your
iead high',"-London Standard.
Uncle George-I have read your arti
-le over, and I must say it shows a
:reat deal of originality. Arthur
Chanks. I'm sure! I fiattered myself
here were some ideas in it. Uncle
xeorge-Oh, I was not speaking of the
,omposition, but of the spelling.
The CAstomary Clima:.
Nordy-Iow did the new play end?
Sutts-Oh, in'the usual way. Nordy
and what do you call the usual end?
3utts-in a whir.l of hats and feathers
tnd opera cloaks.-Houston Chronicle.
It is not helps. but obstacles; not fa
iiities, but difficulties, that make men.
If you have kidney or bladder trw
ile and do not use Foley's Kidney Cure,
'ou will have only yourself to blame
)r results, as it positively cures all
>rmis of kidney and bladder diseases.
ola by McMaster Co,
STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA,
(CUNTY OF FAIRFIELD.
COURT OE COMION PLEAS.
. T. Matthews and R. W. Matthews.
as copartners under the firn name of
R. T. Matthews & Son, Plaintiffs,
Alexander Bell, Defendant.
o~py Summiiions, for Relief. Complaint
'o thme Defendant above-named:
You are hereby summuoned anid re
uired to answer the complaint in this
etionI, of which a copy is herewith
'rrecd upton y'ou, and to serve a copy
f your answer to the said comuplainit
n tihe subscribers at their oftice, No. 2
ank Range, Winnsboro, S, C., within
w'enty days after the service herhof,
xelusive of the day of such service;
nd if vou fail to answer the c'omplaint
'itin the time aforesaid, the plain
II' ini this acetion wvill apply to the
ourt for thle relief demanded in the (
Dated June 2:Ird, A. D). 100->.
A, S. & W. D). DOUGL ASS,
t) thme ab)sent Defendant, Alexander
Take niotice', that the sununilOns, of
hieh the foregoing is a copy, and the
)mplaint ill this action was filedi in
ie otTice of the Clerk of Court of Conm
lton Pleas for Fairfield County on the
;rd day of June, 1905.
A. S. & W. D. D)OUGL ASS,
6i-2.S64t Plaintiffs' Attorneys.
[T IS AFACT!
TJh'e/ a suoeessful busin&ss oan only
a ttainmed through honest dealing,
r'ompt ser'vice, and indefatigable at
'ation to detail.
Tim/' no pe'rnmaent sulcoess was ever
Tlim/i qu~ality' wins first, last and
ways, and that ;mlaufacturers pro
ult'e diiierent classes of Pianos.
T/mi there are some Pianos much
:tter than oithers.
T/w/ it is our p)olicy never toi nlis .
-presen t ainy thing, nour a!m~ aur sales
Itn! to dlo S.
/'hag we i~now~ that this is a good
>icey, becauselS through strict attention
these niethiods, our business coul
nules ton gr'ow~ r'apidly.
'That it mecans a gtood deal to you
ka ow inl ad va mnee that t lie r'eputation
ourll line of ptianos has been estab
~hm'd i'rta. 6i5 tot S2 years.
T/mt there is one in Columbia used
leat for'ty year's, anid t he town qud-.i
y shows not evitdence of goig~ ut ui
7'5 1,e 1C no5y. wil secure from
altone's 2lusi 15tHouse will be the bs
mat we, wvithI yea:'s of experienee in
inotinlg tihe btest, can buy.
F~or ('atalogue, prices andi terms,
Columbia, S. C,
DIANMJ AND ORGANS.
For Infants and Children.
The Kind You Have
Alway 8 Bought
ingtheStomahsandoweso Bears the
Opium,Morphine norineraL Of
W0T XARC OTIC.
Norl Nec usec
Fasi& Signature or
o SOuR So iThirty Years
=T COT WIABA$TORA
BUILDING MATERIALS. '
I have just received two carloads of Dressed
Flooring and Ceiling; Weather-boarding and
Rough Lumber, all cut from long-leaf pine.
Shingles, Laths, Moulding, Brick and other
building materials always in stock.
A full stock of Buggies and Harness at special
Everything in Furniture. See our Baby Car
riages and Organs.
This is the place to get a good Cook Stove.
Our stock of Dry Goods and Notions will inter
J. 0. BOAG.
I wish to call special attention to my line of
COLORED AND WHITE MADRAS,
If you need anything in that line pretty and
heap, be sure and call.
S~ Geo. R. Lauderdale.
YOUR DRINKING WATER
IS OF VITAL IMPORTANCE TO YOU. TO GET THE
best water you have to go down in the ground for it. We
are making a speoialty of
Drilling Deep VWells
that do not go dry and afford a coostant flow of water n
contaminated by surface drainings. Try one of these deep
wells. We can drill it for you at reasonable cost. We can
drill right through the hardest rock with onr new well
machine. If your water supply is not satisfactory, let us
know about it and we wvill make it all right for you.
Correspondence invited. We succeed where others fail.
R. T. Matthews & Son.
Preserve Your Fruit,
BIave Fruit and Vegetables
in the Winter Time.
PINTS, QUARTS AND ONE-HALF GALLONS.
Jelly Glasses in two sizes.
Call on us and we will treat you as well as
Under Winnsboro Hotel.