Newspaper Page Text
Frightful Loss of Life R
a Defective Bi
NEARLY 100 HURT, MANY FATALLY
There Were More Than 250 Men
Aboard the Vessel at the Time, and
of These 15 Sailors Are Missing
The Accident Occurred in the San
Diego, Cal., Harbor Just Before the
Vessel Was Scheduled to Leave.
San Diego, Cal., Special.-Twenty
eight mem oers of the crew of the
Vnited States gunboat Benning
ton were killed and . four-score
sailor's were injured, 24 seriously, at
10 o'clock Thursday forenoon by a
boiler exo:osion that disabled the ves
sel in San Diego harbor. Fifteen sail
-ors are n:issing. There were more
than 25C men aboard the warship
when the accident occurred, and many
-nen were hurled or forced to jump in
to the sea by the teriffic explosion,
which lifted part of the deck and com
pelled the beaching of the ship. The
Bennington. at the time of the acci
.dent. was lying in the stream just
.off the commercial wharf at H street.
'The warship had received orders from
the Navy Department at Washington
to sail this morning for Port Hartford
to meet the monitor Wyoming and
-convey the monitor to Mare Island
navy yard, San Franciscp.
Steam was up and everything was
in readiness for the departure of the
BennIngton when the starboard for
ward boiler exploded with a terrific
roar. The explosion was terrific.
People standing on shore saw a huge
cloud of steam rise above the Ben
nington. Columns of water were
forced high into the air. A dozen or
fifteen men were blown overboard by
the force of the terr~ic explosion.
Capt. Wentworth, who was looking at
the Bennington when the disaster oc
curred, says he saw human bodies
hurled over a hundred feet upward.
'The air was clouded with smoke which
-enveloped the ship. When the haze
cleared away, only a few could be
seen on the decks, while a number
were floundering in the water. A
boat was lowered from the vessel's
side and most of the men in the water
were picked up and taken on board.
On board the Bennington we-e pre
sented terrible scenes. The force of
the explosion had torn a great hole in
the starboard side of the ship, and the
vessel was already commencing to
list. A section of the upper deck
-was carried away from stem to stern.
Blood and wreckage was distributed
sover the entire space, the after cabin
-and that part of the ship adjacent to
the exploded boiler resembling a
charnel house. The shock of the ex
plosion penetrated every section of
the ship. blood and ashes being found
a-s far as the stern of the captain's
*cabin. Great damage w-as done in all
parts of the vessel. The boiler which
.exploded, it is said, was regarded as
unsafe. Commander Young stated
that during a recent return from Hon
-olulu the steam pressure was kept re
-duced in that particular one.
-List of the Dead.
San Diego, Cal.. Special-Saturday
'night's summary of casualties aboard
the gunboat Bennington, in San Diego
Bay. gives a total of 60 dead and 50 in
jured, six probably fatally. A number
of men are still missing, some of these
may be dead, and probably a dozen of
the injured will die of their wounds.
Following is an official list of known
dead, with ages. occupation and place
of birth or enlistment:
Ensign Newton K. Perry. 26, Colum
bia, S. C.
Wesley M. Taylor, 28, seaman, At
Bert A. Hughes. 19. seaman. Clarks
May Hinder Peace Progress.
Pais, By Cable.-Emperor Nicholas'
cruise in the Gulf of Finland to meet
Emperor William is th~e subject of
much momment in the press. Certain
newspap.ers express the fear that the
German Emperor will influence the
Russian .Emperor over Far Eastern
matters and will hinder the carrying
out of tb - ce programme. while
others :- e ae opinion that Emperor
William 5, a seek to estrange, Russia
Mine Superintendent Shot by Drunken
Bristol, 'Va.. Special.-A special from
Big Stone Gap. Va., says: "This after
noon at Irondlale, about five miles
east of this place. Jasper Abshire shot
and fatally wounded A. M. Hall. sup
erintendent of Kelly and Irvines mines
Mr. Hall is still living, but the phys
cian says he cannot live but a
short waiile. Abshire was drunk and
rowdy and was asked to leave. He
refused and Hall lead him to the coml
misary door and let him go. whereup
on he shot Superirntendenlt Hall three
times in the breast. Abshire was dis
armed. b-ut not arrested. A posse went
from this place this evening to ap
Frank L. Kelley Missing.
-Richmond. Special.-The four broth
ers of Frank L. Kelley. wvho has been
missing since Sunday. are erideavorinlg.
by the aid of his dog, to find some
trace o'f the man, whom they fear has
taken his own life. Soon after his
deptrture his wife found a bundle on
the knob of the bark door containm~fg
her husband's watch and purse. a-s well
as a note, which bade farewell to ner
andl their infant child. and said: '"I
am erazy: sometimes I dont know
wvhere I am."
Sharp Rise in Wheat.
Chicago. Special.-Allegedl confirma
tion of black rust in the wheat fields
of the Northwest sent the price of Sep
tember wheat whirling up to SS' here.
The advance was 35 cents a bushel.
comnpare(: with Tihursday's closing
quotations. The bulye was a omlpanie.1
by scenes of much exci::aent in the
wheat nit. shorts C!rantic ally .iostling
'each ether in nttempts to secur'e the
covetedi grain. Telegrams from M.inne
apolis and Duluth detailing damage to
* the whecat crop in South Dakota by the
ade blight was the cause of the ex
SUMMARY OF LATE NEWS
Minor Happenings of the Week at
Home and Abroad.
Down in Dixie.
Two trainmen were killed anl others
badly injured in a collision of "double
header" freigiai trains at Madvale, Va.
Harrison Field was found dead near
the reservoir. Richmond. with a bullet
wound In his breast.
The Baltimore and Ohio Duquesne
Limited train was derailed at Morgans
ville, W. Va., but the passagers were
Robert Grim, who left Barkley a
month ago to join his wife and child
in Charleston. W. Va., has mysteriously
disappeared and no trace of him can
be foind. His wife is still in Charles
ton s.nd relatives here are greatly
An excursion train composed of eight
well filled cars and containing about
400 people, was wrecked near Prospect,
Va., resulting in a slight injury to sev
eral of the passengers. The escape of
all the excursionists Is considered al
most miraculous in view of the dan
gers to which they were subjected.
Workmen on the track had jacked up
one of the rails, and this is given as
the cause of the wreck,
At the National Capital.
The War Department made public a
long list of the soldiers to whom cer
tificates of merit have been -awarded
for acts of notable bravery.
Major Carson has enlarged the scope
and made other improvements in the
daily consular reports.
James J. Hill, in an interview, de
clares there are too many political
theories for the good of business in this
Ex-Speaker of the House of Repre
sentatives D. B. Henderson is said to be
ufferinig with paresis.
Through the North.
The Roosevelt, with the Peary North
Pole expedition on board, left New
York on her long journey.
The heat waves still sp-ead over the
cities in the North. Chicago. New York
and P;iladelphia for the past few days
have sweltered under the burning
grasp of a deadly heat. Many deaths
and scores of prostrations have occur
red already and there is no indication
for speedy relief.
While rowing on a lake in Michigan
a young lady struck and killed with her
oar a large blue snake which had wrig
gled under her boat. and threatened to
capsize it. The reptile measured fifteen
feet in length and sixteen and a half
inches in circumference.
State Superintendent of Insurance
Hendricks issued a statement replying
to the' criticism made concerning the
Equitable Life Assurance Society re
Gen. W. W. Blackmar. Commander
in-Chief of the Grand Army of the Re
public, died at Boise, Idaho.
Jack Welch.. of San Francisco, has
been named to referee the Britt-Sulli
van contest at Woodward's pavilion
next Friday night.
The Japanese now completely occupy
the southern part of the island of Sak
Bulgaria has appealed to the powers
to intervene in alleged Turkish perse
cutions at Adrianople.
A revolting scene was witnessed in
side the French submarine boat Far
fa~et, which sank recently with 14
The ceiling of a hospital chapel at
Fermo. Italy, fell, killing 16 women and
Zife saving runs in the family of J.
Parsons. a young lighterman of the
Hollows. Brentford. England. who, on
his; twenty-third birthday, retsived the
Ryal Humane Society's certificate for
rescuing two boys from drowning. His
fa:her saved forty-eight persons from
drowning and the son now has a total
Of twenty-three lives to his credit.
The condition of Senator Clark. wh
was operated on for cerebral abs'ess,i
as favorable as could be expected.
Prof. Charles Shuchert. dean of Yal
U~iversity M~useum. will make an e. -
tensive tour dluring the summer mont C
through the maritime provinces of Ca --
aa, making a geological survey of t' e
regions of Nova Scotia. especially i r.
order to study more minutely their d '
rect bearing upon the formation of t e
rest of North America.
AdmIrers of the late Secretary H '1
are planning for the erection of a su t
able'monument for the perpetuation of
his memory. It will likely stand m'
Lakeview Cemetery. or in a new bui dl
ing at the Western Reserve Universi -..
named after the much lamented stat s
Dispatches received Wednesday in I
cate a movement among the lead rs
of the Russian people to issue a p oc
lamation favoring the deposition of
Emperor Nicholas from the thron of
Daniel Maloney was killed while of
erating the aeroplane of Profe. sor
Montgomery. in San JIose. Cal. He fll
a distance of 3,000 feet. as 2.000 pe Die
stood watching him while making ge
At the moment when the body of
Admiral Paul Jones is crossing the
ocean on its way to America an i ter
esting discovery has just been ma e at
Paris in connection with Jones. na ely
that of his diary in a quarto vol ume
bound in red Morocco. with the rrrs
of Louis XVI engraved on it. pre en'.
e to him by that monarch.
With the baseball which he last
pltched on the college diamond i h s
right hand. Edward Heim. the P 'I'^"
on athlete, who was dlrownet ct
Coney Island. was buried Wedne saa.
Princeton students acted 3s pall bear
Professor Andrew Fox. who re enltly
tartied the country with atelegr m to
John D. Rockefeller. begging for son~e
f his "tainted money" for the C Icar:o
Thelogical Seminary. has been (li
missed from the faculty of that ins"
The National League of the B ildlinE
andl Loan Ass~ociations is compcsed of
twnty-one' States. North Caro! na be
ing onc of the most pr'ogressiv -. The
annual. mneting of the le'ague tvill be
held in New York on the 26tn a a 27th
off this month and the Charlotite rep
resntatives who will attend d.re the
folowing well known men: Alessrs.
S. Wittkowsky, R. H. Jordan an D.
WILL NOT BE EASYI
Statement From High Off icial That tha
Japanese Will Show No Leniency '
RAVE ABUNDANT RESOURCES LEFT'n
The Minister to London Says the Pub
lic Evidenly Mistake the Japanese h
For Angels in Thinking the Peace I
Terms Will Be Moderate-The Bar- th
on Said That Russia Had Named ai
Good Men as Plenipotentiaries, But b
All bepends Upon the Powers Co.i
ferred Upon Them. f
London, By Cable.-Baron Hayasbi,
tke Japanese minister here, said to the n
ssoclated Press that Russia had a,- h
pointed good men as peace plenipoten- t
tlarie. Nevertheless even M. Witte aid a
Baron Rosen had not inspired Jap.n p:
with confidence in a favorable outcome it
a: the negotiations. "We do not know," e(
the minister added, "what powers ha7e re
been delegated to them and after the V
event? of the past 18 months Japan n
puts faith only in accomplished facts- tl
The terms will be communicated only
at tfre conference. Then we will dis
cover what powers the Russian pleri
The Associated Press representative
suggested that the general opinion pre- r
vailed that the Japanese terms will be
"II cannot see where people get such b
in ldea," replied the minister, "the
I ublic evidently mistake the Japanese
or angels." A
Minister Hayashi, intimated that p
apim was ready to continue the war tl
umnloss she secures suitable terms. He ij
c:allied attention to the fact that prac- o
U ly the entire sum realized by.the t]
as two loans was unexpended and a
aif the capture of the island of Sak- b
lal n was not precipitated by the ap- h
.,rach of the conference, but was a
iatural sequence of the Japanese cam
,aign the plans for which had not been
altjered since Russia acceded to the con
feence. An earlier attack on the island
ws not undertaken principally because I
ofl the severe winter and because the a
suimer season was preferrable for c
=mpaigning and the establishment of c
a. ;lew government in the island.
Swam the Niagara. 0
Niagara Falls, N. Y., Special.-Car b
le D. Graham, of this* city, and
illiam J. Glover, J., of Baltimore, i
d., successfully swam the lower rap
i s of the Niagara river from the A
+merican side of the whirlpool to
rpewiston Monday afternoon. The dis
ence of four miles was covered In
6 minutes by Glover. The start was
ade at 4:02 p. m. from Flatrock, y
hich is on the American side. The t
wimmers did not venture in the up- t
er rapids, where Captain Webb lost a
Both men wore life belts and inflate y
ed rubber rings around their necks.
From the start Glover took the lead:.
He entered the rapids about a min1ate I
ahead of Graham. Until the Devil's C
Hole was reached the swift current I
and roaring rapids had the swimmers
in their grasp. At that point a swirl
ing eddy caught Glover, and he was
down nearly two minutes. His lifea
belts saved him. Graham by thisa
time had gained on Glover, and when
the two men reached the end of the
rapids just above the suspensionE
bridge at Lewiston there was but lit
tie distance between them. Swim
ming in the swift, smooth current was i
hard for Graham, but evidently easy I
for Glover. At 4:28 o'clock Glover 'l
was pulled up on the dock at Lewiston. a
He was dressed and about 15 minutes
later telling his story. Graham wast
taken to a hotel in a wagon and did
not leave bed until late in the after- i
noon. Neither of the men was m
aured. . I
Woman Rural Carrier Injured.
Burlington, Special.- Mrs. Alice
Fowler, rural mall carrier or; a route t
from Burlington, was driving near the E
railroad in her mail delivery wagon C
when her horse beca e htened at
a passng train near on Colleg nd y
ran away, turning the wagon over an
inficting very painful injuries on Mrs.
Fowler. She was ha y bruised about
the face and head an had one finger
Goes to Secu Evidence.
Washington, Spe ial.-Morgan H.
Beach, the United S ates attorney for
the District of Col. mbia, who is in
charge of the inve tigation into the
cotton crop scandal, has gone to New
York in search of vidence. He de
clined to make any statement before
leaving Washingto , but it is under
stood that he intend to interview L. C
Van Riper and oth r New York brok
ers, who made disci sures of the meth>
ods employed by f mer Associate Sta
tistican Edwvin S. lolmes, who is al
eged to have use advance informa
tion for the financ' lbnfto isl
and certain broke s.bnfi fhisl
Statisticia n Quits Job.
Washington. S ecial.-The resigna
tion of John Hy echief statistician
and chief of the ureau of statistics of
the Department of Agriculture, was
handed to Sec etary Wilson and
promptly accepte -i Wile N. Hays,
the Assistant Se rtyofAgriculture,
has been placed In charge of the bu
reau temporaril ,and will continue to
&ct pending th 'investigation of the
otton scandal nd until a competent
atti.ian is ound.
Attempt t Miurder Official.
Naples, By C ble.-An attempt was
made early th s morning to murder
Admiral Mirab 1lo, brother Gf Admiral
Miraello the Italian minister of ma
rine, who is re iding at Portici, a resi
entai town on the bay of Naples.
The admiral's wife was seriously In
jured while d fending her husband.
Oklahoma. . d indian Territory dele
gates to a Joi ntconvention demanded
satehod for the Territories In strong
1sults From Bursting of
)iIer on Board.
Andrew Kamerer, 25, fireman. Lon
Jcseph Newcomb. 27. seaman, Bcs
Harry Mosher. 25. fireman. Newark.
Wilbur W. Wright. 32, steward, home
Michael G. Quinn. 31. fireman. Kil
Clyde Haggbloom, 25. Leadville,
Kirley F. Morris, 24. fireman. Owens
Warren Paris. 36, coal passer, Lan
Wm. C. Wilson. 19, seaman, German
Stephen W. Pollock, 24. coal passer.
Emii Dresch, 24. seaman. Newark.
Wm. Staub, 21. fireman. Bridgewater,
John L. Burns, 20. seaman. Chi
Glen rownlee. 24, seaman. Galves
Wma. I. Cherry. 24. blacksmith, Salem.
Walter G. Grant. 23. coal passer. Chi
John Goika, 18, seaman, Milwau
John McKone, 23, fireman, Leadville,
Edwin B. Robinson, 23, seaman, San
Charles 0 McKeen, 25, coal passer,
Charles J. Kuntz. 20. seaman.'-St.
Harry F. Saunders, 19 seaman,
Jodie W. Kempton. 18. seaman,
Robert B. Carr, 18. seaman. Den
Harry F. Smith. 23, seaman. Harri
Preston Carpenter. 20, seaman, Ara
Robert L. Savage. 23. seaman. Waco
Leroy B. Archer, 20, seaman, Fowler,
Don C. Arche'r. 19, seaman, San
Richard T. House. 21. seaman, Colo
rado Springs, Col. '
Albert H. Schoregge. 21. seaman. New
John C. Barchus, 22. seaman. Cla:in
L. J. Guthries. 25. seaman, New
Matthew G. Chambers. 23. seaman.
Frederick M. Brown, 26. machiist.
Josiah Ezell, 27. seaman, Waco,
Frederick J. Geiss. 29, coal passer,
Claude H. Stevenson, 23, seasan, San
' Emile C. Hoffinan, 25. blacksmith,
San Antonio. Texas.
Joseph Hilscher, 24, fireman, Seattle,
Edward B. Ferguson, 36, chief ma
chinist. San Francisco.
Elmer U. Brunson, 20. seaman, Chi
Four unidentified men of the new
draft, who joined the vennington at
Seven men, names uncertain, known
to be in fiooded compartments of the
Thomas Burke. machinist.
Joseph Hunt. oiler.
George L. Clarke. chief machinist.
C. W. Brockmnan, gunner.
Unidentified number of men still
San Diego. Cal.. Special.-Forty-sev
en of the gunboat Bennington's dead
were buried Sunday in a common grave
in the little military cemetery on the
crest of the promotory of Loma, high
above the waters of San Diego Bay on
the one side, and within soundl of the
booming surf of the Pacific on the oth
er. Without the crash of drum or
sound of brass, without pomp or pa
rade. yet with simple impressiveness.
all honor was paid to the nation's
Having been acquainted with the
recklessness of certain chaffaurs, an
owner of a residence at the corner
of two streets in England has pasted
upon the outside of his house this
placard: "Motor car drivers are re
quested to leave this house where it
President Roosevelt has ordered a
fll investigation of the affairs of the
entire Department of Agriculture.
Fireman's .Story of the Accident.
Fireman E. G. Hopp makes the first
statement as to the cause of the acci
dent. He says that shortly before the
explosion one of the boilers was found
to be leaking badly. and the boiler
maker was sent for to repair the dam
age. Before the latter came the explo
son occurred. H-opp saw men all
aout him killed outright and he him
self was stunned for a moment. The
dad were given a military burial Sun
ay afternoon at the. military reserva
in at Point Loma. Services were
held at 2 o'clock on the Point. and
l?.nches will convey across the bay
te living offieers and mna able to at
Change of Management.
Raleigh. Specia.-R. I. Cheatham.
asistant general freight agent of the
Seaboard Air Line Railway, with
headquarters in Atlanta. va-ill leave
that rcad shortly to -.ake charge of the
Cape Fear and Northern Railway, to
extend from Durham to Dunn, N. C..
v.'ith headquarters. in Durham. The
Cape Fear and Northern is owned by
th Dukes, of the American Tobacco
coipany. J. A. Pride, of Columbia.
S. C.. commrorcial agent of the Sea
board, will succeed Mr. Cheathamn.
The Disease Yellow Fever.
NwOrleans. Spe'cial.-The official
auopsy on a patienlt. an italian. who
died of what has been. called suspi
cious fever, has riisclosed that the dis
ease was yelle -fever. President
Schon, of fl :-- te board of health,
has notified 2' -'nor Blanchard and
the health office-a of Mississippi. Tex
a nl Alabama. Arrangements have
been made for a detention hospital to
treat the remaining cases. Application
of the same methods which were pur
se at Havana is to be made and
the authorities are hopeful that the dis
DRUNKEN CLERK SHOT THREE
wful Deed of a Man Made Desper
ate By Drink.
Pensacola, Fla., Special.-Crazed
ith drink and the thought that he:
as to be discharged, William F. Wil
ams, a salesman in the clothing store
John White, late Tuesday afternoon
alked up to the office where Mr.
,hite was sitting reading and shot
m dead. He turned his revolver up
another salesman, Ed. Dansby, and
flicted a mortal wound in the back,
en fired upon James White, the man
er and son of the proprietor, the
llet passing through his lungs and
tusing a wound from which it is ex
acted that he will die before morn
g. Another clerk was fired upon,
it the bullet went wide of the mark.
All during the day Williams seemed
arvous, and later in the afternoon
3 began to imbibe to such an extent
Lat it was noticed about the stor-!
id some remark was made by the
oprietor. This infuriated Williams,
seems, and without a word he walk
I to his coat, took therefrom a new
volver and walking up close to Mr.
rhite, fired, the bullet striking him
'ar the right ear and passing out on
Le left side. White never moved.
Girl Held Without Bail.. .
New York, Special.-Berthe Claiche,
i trial by a coroner's jury for kilng
mil Gerdorn, on July 9, was held
!sponslble for his death and, was com
Itted to the Tombs prison without
l. Subsequently she -was indicted
r -the grand jury.
After enticing Berthe Claiche to
merica from France under a false
romise of marriage, Geraorn forced
Le girl to go on the streets and earn a
ving for him at the sacrifice of hat
rn good name. His excessive cruel
caused the girl to have Gerdorn
rrested on July 9, and then frightened
his threatening attitude she shot
im while the police were in the act
making the arrest.
Negroes Moved to Anniston.
Montgomery, Ala., Special.-Follow
Lg the attempt made Sunday night by
mob at Gadsden to take from the
)unty jail five negroes charged with
iminally assaulting and murdering
:rs. S. K. Smith, the Governor Sunday
-dered the alleged criminals taken to
nniston for safe-keeping. They' will
taken later to Birmingham, where
Ley will remain until their trial. The
ve negroes were removed under mili
tryescort, Company C, of the Third
labama Regiment, accompanying
Stunned by Lightning.
Winston-Salem, Special.-During a
aseball game at Fairview Park, be
ween two colored teams Tuesday af
rnoon about 5.3i o'clock, lightning
truck near the grand-stand, which
'as occupied by some 500-people, stun
ing two negroes, Will Harris and Ar
bur Palmer, tihe former seriously.
ro other damage resulted. Governor
*lenn was In the grand stand, but was
Charles D. Graham, of New York,
nd William J. Glover, of Baltimore,
uccessfully swam the lower rapids of
[agara river Tuesday afternoon, coy
rin~g the distance of- four miles in 26
E'mil Arton, sentenced to eight years
nprisonment for complicity in the old
'aama Canal scandal, was found dead
'uesday in his apartments. It is pre
umed that he committed suicide
A negro attempted an assa t upon
e daughter of a promine tizen of
Attle Rock, Ark., Tues ay and has
een captured by a po , of townsmen.
he sheriff of the30o ty has gone to
revent a lynching.
Secretary Wilson has instituted an
vestigation into the report that a
ertain female ploye of the Agricul
ural De nt is guilty of having
old the ques ions to be asked in the
ivil service examinations.
Alabama troops in annual encampy
ien at ontgomery are charged with
oting the store of a negro Tuesday,
while he was held at bay by rifles. The
affair has been reported to the civil
authorities and also to the government
The accident bulletin issued for the
quuarter beginning with January last
and ending with March, shows that
during that time there were 28 passen
gers and 204 employes of the railroad
killed and 1,4651 passengers and 2.062
emnployes injured, making a total of
klled. 23'2 and a total of injured, 3,
731, in all train accidents.
.n investigation which has been go
ing on under the supervision of a spec
!al committee from the South Carolina
Legislature has revealed startling facts
in connection with the finances of
Greenville county. Sensational results
are expected to follow, and prominent
men have been arrested.
The cruiser Maryland broke the rec
ord for speed in filling her coal bun
Acting under the suggestioni of hi!
counsel. Elihu Root. Mayor Weaver. o1
Philadelphia. may soon bring additionl
a suits against some of the most prom
Inent men of that city, who are allege
to have been guilty of wrong doimg 1i
Bertha Claiche, the French girl w~h
ischarged with the murder of Emi
Gerdron, has been committed to th
Tombs without bail. The man, it1
aleged, enticed the French maid t
Aerica under promise of marriage~ an
afterwards forced her to go on th
steets to earn his livelihood.
New, York, Special.-The cottol
market showed weakness during th'
entire day, with trading fairly activ
and some excitement during the lat
afternoon session as the decline caugb
stop loss orders. The closing we
within a couple of points of the lov
et and barely steady at a net decli
of 0 t 36 points, with October quote
at 10.58 or $3.75 a bale below the hig
leel of last Monday. Good crc
weather and reports of liberal offe
ings for spot cotton were factors e
oraging the bears,
TOPICS OF INTEREST TO THE PLAN'
What in Rich Soil*
A soil which is able to produce good
crops is considered to bo a :rich soil.
in order to produce good crop:.. a soil
must supply a sufficient quantity of
the food required by the plants. Thnt
is to say, the plant must be able to
obtain enough potash. lime, magnesia.
phospharic aeid. iron, sulphur and
water from the soil to supply its needs,
and if any one of these substances is
al)ent. or not furnished by the soil fn
sufficient quantity. the soiI will Lot pro
duce .good crops.
Few farmers realize that thcir soils
conta;i very large quantities of these
substances. The trouble, with a poor
soil is. not that it does not contain plant
food. but that the plaut. food in it ean
not be taken up by plants. The food
is locked up and the plants cannot get
it. and suffer accordingly. By far the
greater pa-rt of the plant food in every
soil is in such a form that ft cannot be
taken ny by plants. But every soil is
undergoing a continual change, by
which small portions of the locked-up
plant food is daily made solubile. and
in such a form that plant can use it.
It is within the power of the farmer
to cultivate and manage his farm in
such a way that the quantity of plant
food released each year will become
more and more each year. In such a
case his farm is growing "richer."' It
is also possible (and very often the
case) that a farm will be nrrmaged in
such a way that the agencies which
release the locked-up plant food: will
decrease in power from year to year.
In such a case his farm wilt grow
poorer: not because the plant food in
the soil is exhausted, !at because, by
bad management, the f: nic no longer
has a sufficient supply o nt food in
his soil in a form availa .e to plants.
The most important agency in releas
ing the locked-up food in a soil. is a
supply of decaying vegetable matter.
Decaying vegetable matter forms va
rious acids. which act upon the soil
and decompose it. Decaying vegetable
matter allows the growth of minute
plants. which also act upon the soil
and release inert plant food. Humus.
as the decayed vegetable matter in soil
is called. is very important in a soil
for other reasons, but it is eertainly
very important in aiding to provide
plants with a suply of plant food from
the soil. A soil containing much humus
is always more fertile than the same
soil with little humus, and one rason
for this fact is that already stated,
namely, that the humus aids in bring
ing the plant food to such a foin that
plants can use it.
The most natural method of farm
ing is to utiiize as much as possible the
plant food already in the soil, and re
sort to fertilizers only to supply the
deficiencies of the soil.-Dr. G.;S.;Frapp,
Ph.D., of Raleigh, in Philadelphia
How to Get Eggs.
The following from the Baltimore
Sun is just ais good as it Would be if
taken from the columns of the best
poultry journal in the country:
If it costs in'actual money one dollar
a year to keep a hen and the hen lays
200 eggs, there is a-.nuet profit of 100
per cent.. even- i'ough the av-erage
price of eggs -is only twelve cents a
As no oth r farm stock will pay this
averae profit, this subject is- onE
that shpuld be studied. On this sub
ject a poultrymanl gives the followins
gener~ 1 facts:
Th~ pullet that begins laying at th
earli st age and continues to lay thE
lon st is the ideal mother for a: strait
But there is something beyond this
for a laying strain must be starte<
ahead of the eggs from which its mem
bers are hatched. The hens must be ix
the best possible condition before th4
eggs are laid. The eggs they lay wil
hatch out strong, vigorous chicks. an<
these should be forced to the limil
Vigorous constitution means a capacit:
to producea large number of eggs
Good feed and care induce continue'
vigor. The artificial stimu-!us grow
into 'a characteristic that become
fixed and descends to the progeny ger
eration after generation, and in th
end a laying strain is established, an
the value of such a strain is undi!
puted. Any one who breeds poultr
may do sometl-ing toward increasin
the general average by attending t
the details of care and feeding. Upo
productivness depends the profit the
may be made from commercial poultra
to a large extent. These are not idi
theories; they are facts that have bee
established by years of experience an
observation. The study of them is
material factor in making impro~v
ments in our fioeks.
To this we add that eggs being mo:
profitable in winter, every effo
should be made for winter eggs.
it is best to have a field of' cow pei
near the house for the chickens
forage on and a pasture of rye.
Large or Smanl Cowg
A reader wishes to know whethe o
Jets and Flashes.
.No harvest is reaped without hal
Some rich thieves are called fins
Dishonest grocers seldom resort
A girl 'seldom refuses to eat cC
from the cob unless she has st~
When some men have no better
cupation they hunt up some thing
their wives to do.
There are some people who thi
that Heaven will reward them for 8
ing the church a dime for a dollar
The strange thing is that a man ~
is satisfied with so little in himself
Smands so much in others.
Many men are trying to straigh
ethe universe with fingers that h
Sdone nothir.g else but get things mfl
President Roosevelt, in an add:
- to Long Island doctors, conden
.Panma talebearers and praised(
'R , S T O CK M A N A N D T R UCK G . 9 6 W E e r,
wosl~d prefer large or sma:.ll erws for
dairy or nilk-giviu purposes. To make
a short answer. we would prefer the
cow that would give the most and best
nilk and would keep at it longest. The
object in view ,hould always be kept
foremost. If you have a cow that is
just such a milker as you wish, she is
the best cow without reference to her
If the purpose f.% to buy a dairy herd,
the fact that there are special dairy
breeds must not be ignored, and these
are mostly small, though the Holsteins
come in of fai'r size.. But if the idea is
to get cows~ for the farm, where it is
desirable to raise calves as well as to
get milk. size should be considered. Ia
that ease we advise getting a medium
to large cow of a well-known: milking
Our fathers- would have tbought it
strange 'had we talked of feeding hay
to. hogs. or laying In a supply of hay
as a winter feed for bogs.. But this is
done now irr many places as regularly.
as laying inm hay for- feeding the horses
and eattle. Cow pea and alfalfa have
been proven good feed for hogs. 4ot
only as- pasture feed in the fields, but
as dry feed in winter.
If you have a: mule colt to- put on
pasture- this spring, don't try to make
him sta-y in the pasture by himself.
He just won't do- it. He'lT find some
way to, get out. anl after that no
fence will bother him much.. Give the
mule colt or colts company. A good
dispositioned ord horse is good. but a
gentle old gray- mare is- the- very best
company for mules.
Corn Husks and Wheat Cnaff.
IT. L. D. Scottsville,. writes: Please
give me the feeding value of corn
husks and wheat chaff a's a feed for
The following- table gives the com
position of corn husks and wheat
Protein Fiber'Extract Fat
Pet. Pet. Pet. Pct.
Corn husks . ...2.5 15.8 28.3 7
Wheat chaff.. .4.5 36. 34.6 1.4
Wheat chaff contains about twice as
much protein, crude fiber and fat as
the corn husks. These foods are low:
in digestible protein and fat and only
constitute cheap forms of roughness,
more valuable as a filler for ruminating
animals than for their entire plant.
and they are also considerably rower
in nutrients than corn- leaves. Wheat
chair contains about as much digest
ible matter as- wheat straw, but it is
much lower in digestible nutrients than
oat straw, containing only about one
fourth as much digestible protein.
Neither form of roughness thus com
pares well with hay from any of the
leagues or tame grasses. At the same
time corn husks and wheat chaff can
certainly be utilized to advantage on
the farm if fed in proper amnounts.
Prof. Soule. -
1a-t'ering- Fmrrsr *
To keep-jpogkyItmagblth lte .~
fresh water must be kept within easy~
reach of them.. Crocks, pans and such
vessels have to- be filled several timnes
a day. The- young- chicks are apt to
get drowned when enough water is
kept to last any length of time; be
sides the water gets old and unhealthy.
My plan is to' take a small keg at bot
tom; set the keg upright on box or
frame a foot from ground. put a curved
tube in hole, put a vesser. under lower
end of tube.. When water is put in
keg the vessel will run full of water
to the lower end of tube. The depth
of water can be regulated by raising
or lowering the tube.. If keg is filled
with fresh- water every morning there
will always be a fresh supply of fresh
water in vessel. This is the best de
vice for watering poultr7 I know of.,
It is a great labor-saver.-H. C.
Marsch,. Tusculum,. Tenn.
Soy BEeans and M11Tet For Hay.
y. S. C,. Russellville, Tenn., writes*
Will soy beans mature early enough to
be sown with millet for hay? What
Sproportion of each should be used
when sown with drill and fertilIzer? !
Some of the early maturing varieties
-of soy beans might be sown with mil
let for hay, but the standard varieties
would have to be sown in drills, say
about thirty days- before the millet was
rseeded.. The millet might then be
sown broadcast and covered with a
harrow'. One of the best varieties of
soy beans is the mammoth yellow
tmixture of soy beans and millet will
tmake an excellent quality of' bay, andi
it is somewhat easier to cure than that
made from cowpeas. You should sow
about a half bushel to three pecks of
,~soy beans per acre, and a gallon to a
half gallon and a half of millet seed.
A. M. Soules
t. Sandy Soil For Fruits.
t Sandy soils are good fruit soils, -
0 when fertile enough, and are better
* adapted to the smaller fruits and her.
* ries needing careful cultivation.
Peaches require high, dry and moder
ately fertile soil, and do b-est on tops
of hills.-Southern Fruit Grower.
News of the. Day.
The President explained his Chinese
immiration order In an interview
with Samuel Gompers.
A raulroad dectective and an outlaw
were killed and a secoad outlaw will
die as a result of fighting following a
eThe Elks decided to hold their re
reunion next year in Denver.
.Commander Peary got an amount of
ormoney large enough to insure the suc
cess of his North Pole expeditionl..
kThe railroads in Missouri obtained
a temporary injunction in Kansas City
v-to prevent the enforcement of the mar
n-- imum rate law.
Muravieff has resigned as head of
'hothe Russian peace plenipotentiaries,
cl-Iand it is regarded as certain that M!.
Witte will succeed him.
It is reported that General Stossel
enhas been arrested and that Admiral
veKruger will leave the service.
0 aaM. Delcasse has outlined his views
on France's foreign relations, saying
ess he regards Great Britain as the best
leed aly of the Republic.
n- Five hundred Chinese were drowned
by the collapse of a mat shed. s