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PU3LISH ED WEEKLY. WINNSBORO S. C., WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 9, 1905. ESTABLISHED 844.
HIISTORY OF MT. ZION SOCIETY,
And the Colleze Established Under its
Auspices in Winnsboro, S. C.
(B1 D. B. -(Iroiyid, Pa'ish<<( in
The V-r 11e.<a< l !< n10
1780. In the course of this
year only about half as many new
members were received as had
been the year previous. The
Royal forces under Sir Henry
Clinton laid siege to Charlestou
early in the campaign of this
year, and those interested in the
welfare of the Mount Zion So
ciety had their attention called
off to meetings of more immedi
ate importauco than those of the
Society itself. Still, up to the
8th of May, just four days be
fore the city was surrendered to
the British army and navy, there
had been about fifty names added
to the list. Aud from that date
to the 11th of March, 1783, there
is a blank iu the records of the
As the British did not evacu
ate Charle.t,u until the 14th of
December, 1782, it is fair to infer
no mee~ti_ gs of the Society were
held in the meau time. Nor is it
improbable that the records were
destroyed after the fall of the
city. Or they may have been
destroyed by Coruwallis' army
when quartered ir 1780-81 in
Winnsboro, as it is not unlikely
that they were sent up to the
committee here for safe keeping.
The following are the names of
those who were admitted to mein
bership this year, viz:
Emangel Abrabans, James
Beatham, David Burger, Peter
Boquet, Jacob Bomme, Daniel
Cannon, another of the twenty
five patriots who in 1760 met un
der the liberty tree to hear Mr.
Gadsden address them, and who
was a plain carpenter by trade;
he was also one of the thirty
members representing Charleston
in the Provincial Congress; Wil
liam Clancey, John Caldwell,
William Doughty, Joseph Elliot,
John Ellison, William Ellison,
John Grigg, Richard Gough, one
of the committee of the parish
of St. John to carry into execu
tion the Coritinential Association,
&c; Tucker Harris, Thomas Har
ris, one of the Torbay prison ship
captives; William Hazard, James
Kennedy, Win. Keith, Sam Lo
gan, Charles Lining, George -Lo
gan, Jr., Lambert Lance, Samuel
McCorkell, Anthony Mo titell, Wn.
Mitchell, W. Moltrie, Jr., who
was in the battle of Fort Mnzl
trie; Win. Murphy, Frank Nichol
son, Charles Pinckney, who was
Chief Justice of the Province of
South Carolina; President of the
Provincial Corgress, one of the,
signers of the Federal Constitu
tion adopted in 1787, and more
than once Governor of the State;,
he was the father of Charles'
Cotesworth and Thomas Pinck
nays; Abraham Pearce. Michael
Qu.in, Engh Swinton, James
Steadmnan. Wa. So.ott, Charles
Ekirving, Richard Sa7age, Steph:
en Shrewsbury, a prisop~er on
the ship Torbay, 1781; Rtichard,
Td, Williamn Tate, Abraham
Waight, John P. Wa-d, William
Whitaker. James Weekly, and
As before stated, there is an
interal of about t wo years, w hic-i
is now reached, and in which
thiere is no record whatever,
over this blank in the history of
the society (though it was y.
period of great suffering to thi
infant State),the subject of these
papers now opens into a broader
cha'nnel a1nd the prospects of the
growing Society attracts more
att~eti22, ;md elicits greater in
There is one notala featyre in
this record so far as it pertains
to the list of names already
givce. It is, that out of all those
given, an many more which ar~e
vet to appear- -that is of the four
landred and thirty-thma~ mem
bera of the Society up to near A
&.oss of 1784, there are not more
than a doxen who had a middle
name. As at scatrast to that now,
it is dioubtful, the sa. w'mbe*
.2 Jnames of persons 1livinug being
takeni promiscuousily, if there
could i iA a dozen that bore
but one~ namie.
It will have ben cave that
no intimnatiou has vet been giv'eu
of anoy school being established
by i(ci Yount Zion Society,
although~ iba condition upon
wVhich it was iunoXpoated is re
ested. as follows in the Act of th;e
1:;thi of Fcoruarry, 1777, viz:
-*her ?everal of the iuhabi
tauts of this State have associ
c~etv, for th~e vurame of founding.
endowing and supporting a pub
lic school in the District of
Camden,* for the education and
instruction of youth, and have
made humble application, etc."
It is not difficult, however, for us
to understand why this delay
was caused having so recently a,
severe illustration of what an
impediment to progress war is.
*About that time Camden Dis
trict was divided into counties of
which Fairfield was one.
(To be continued.)
The Diamond Cure.
Tle latest news from Paris is,
that they have discovered a dia
mond cure for consumption. If
you fear consumption or pneu
monia, it will, however, be best
for you to take that great remedy
mentioned by W. T. McGee, of
Vanleer, Tenn. "I had a cough
for fourteen years. Nothing
helped me, until I took Dr. King's
New Discovery for Consumption,
Coughs and Colds, which gave
instant relief, and effected a per
marent cure." Unequalled quick
cure for Throat and Lung Trou
bles. At McMaster Co.'s, Obear
Drug Co.'s and John H. McMas
ter & Co.'s drug stores; price 50c.
and $1.00, guaranteed. Trial bot
"THE TEXAS FEVER TICK"
bnportant Discovery for Getting Rid
oi this Bane to the Cattle Industry
in the South.
The letter below from Prof. i
Spillman, the well known agros- t
tologist of the department of ag- t
riculture at Washington, reprinted
from the State, will be read with s
much interest by the farm- i
ers of Fairfield County. If it be, I
as Prof. Spillman suggests, that e
there has been found a certain
way for the destruction of these I
ticks, which are unquestionably h
the means for conducting that s
drAaded disease "The Texas Fe- a
ver," then indeed a forward step s
bas been taken in the promotion a
of an industry, that should mean i
more than all else for^ the de- e
velopment of the South, the grow- e
ing of cattle. We would suggest
that farmers interested write to I
the parsons mentioned in Prof. c
Spillmau's letter and get the bull- }
etins referred to. r
Pr.OF. SPII.LDAN'S LETTER.
The soath -s again to be con
gratulated on a piece of experi
nent station work which is hard~
ly second in importance to any
piece of work done anywhere inIm
the country. I refer to the re
ent bulletin on "The Texas Fe
ver Cattle Tick" by Prof. H. A."
Morgan, formerly of the Lou
isiana Ex oeriment station at Ba
ton Roug'e, and now director of c
the Tennessee Experiment station
at Knoxville. This bulletin has 0
been issued by both of the experi
ment stations named and can
outfess be had 'oy addressing
either Proc. .. .1)ogsn, direse-T
tor of the experiment statica a
Texas fever has been the bane t
of cattle industry in the south, y
and ha~s done more to prevent the e
development of bf production g,
and dairying in that section then.
all other causes combined. Prof. ,
Morgan, by a careful and paticut a
study of the habits and life his
tory of ibe tick ;'birJ b o v
this disease from one animal to
another, has been able to work
out an entirely practicab!e
method of ridding a farm of these
ticks. The method is exceeding
ly simple and inexpensive and
fan be prgeticed og pra.ctically
any farm in the south. It ir f
be hoped that farnmers through- II
out the south will take adyantage (
of the knowledge Prof. Morgan
Bent rieF vp
"I knew no one, for four weeks,
when 1 was sick with typhoid
and kidney trouble," writesMrs.
Anie Hiater, of Pittsburg, Pa.,
"and when I got better, agoggk .
I had one of th~e best'.doctors 1
could get, I was bent double, and
had to rest my hands on m
knees when ji walke d. L'romi thiz
terible affliction I was rescued
by Electric ]1)itters, wvhich re
stored my health and strength,
and nowv I can walk as straight as
ever. Th ey ijra siply w;on dsy
ful. Quarauiteeed to bure stpma
ach. liver and kidney diisorder;
at McMaster Co.'s, Obear Drug(
Co.s and~ John H. McMaster &
rIR. NEIL GIVES AN ACCOUNT
Of a Recent Visit to Mitford and
(Written for last week's issue.)
Mr. Editor: I will tell your
many readers of a very pleasant
visit recently among my many
riends, relatives and old com
rades at Mitford and Stover, two
thriving and beautiful sections of
ortheastern Fairfield. My first
top was at Mitford, the home of
my old friend and comrade, Mr.
U1. B. Raines. I found 111111 very,
il, as he had been for several
weeks. I remained at his bed-,
ide for several days. Though
ow as he was, when he became
1oncious at times, he would con
erse with me about our boyhood
lays, and the trials and hard
hips we had in the civil war.
Ele would enquire of and call for
nany of his old comrades and
riends that had long since passed
Lway. All that could be done'
or him was being done by his
nany friends and a devoted and
tffetionate wife and daughter. f
Mitford is on a high and some-!.
vhat sandy ridge. The nearestl
ettlers at this place are Messrs.
Iaines, Moore, Thomason, Hol-)
is, Keistlers, Higgins and others.
[here are a cotton gin, saw
tud girst mill here, also two
tores owned by M. B. Raines
nd Keistler Brothers, both of t
vhich are doing a good business.
From here, by the kindness of
y young friend, Mr. John Hig
ins, I drove over to Stover. There
pent several days with kind
riends and relaties ac their hos
itable homes. I found them all
rell, except those that have had I
he fever. I am proud to say
hey are all improving now.
tover is in a level and beautiful
ection, settled up with thriving,
ndustrious, hard-working people.
lere in the homes of my friends
nd old comrades, Messrs. Hig
ins, Black, Bankhead, the Me
)onalds, and others with their
ind and interesting families; I
pent several very pleasant days%
nd here on nearly every farm I
aw fine sleek stock, fine cattle t
,nd sheep of the best breeds, and r
a nearly every crib some old j
orn. They all may justly be
alled home livers.
At Stover there is a fine Pros
yterian cburch, a well kept e
ountry store, a daily mail from
lackstock and two R1. F. D. c
outes going out from Stover, one
ut through Fairfield, and one e
brough Chester couoties. Mr.
,eely Bankhead is the proprie- (
r of the store and also the a
fheet and popular postmaster. Ci
'hi community is thickly settled
ith kind, industrious and church
I found on my rounds the crops a
ere very spotted, some very y
ood aotto:2, and some very poor. t
)ld corn will be light. Youngg
orn is very good in places.
On returning home we called,1:
n our friend, Mr. Samuel Simp- oc
on. There we rested for several
ours. After a flue up-to-dat elt
ountry dInner, he carried us
brough some of his cotton. Here I
saw (1;p ijngst cgt ton that I
a'e seen ipa all piy rounds this.
ear. He has sixty acres in cot- t
o that is hard tq beat. if it can r
e in the county. If there comes i
o disaster on it, he has at least a
rty acres that will make thate
.e ccrn. He ys -very dry~ at v
at time. I~e has non had a
eason in about five week~s.
Forced to Starve.
B. F. Leek, of Concord, Kyv.,
nys: "For 20 years I suffered'
ould not eat. After vaiuly try
ug everything else, I cured it,
ith Bucklen's Arnica Salve."
t's great for bur us, cuts and~
ounds. At McMaster Co.'s,
er4Ctr f4sQ; C4.'9 4nd John ii
"N astpr 1;Co.'s dr;:g stLores
p a iar.nt, or penei in tiu~c. -E
Mrsg. Minerva Smith, of Danville,
Il., writes: "'I had bronchitis for
wety years and never got relief until
used Folev's Honev and Tar, which
a sure cureC." Soli by M-Macster
IJas Stood the Test 25 Vears.
he old, original GROVES 'Tasteless
will Tonie. You know what you are
aking. It is ironl and ('uinlie la a I
2steess form;. No cu :i. j0 iY. c00.
Ensilage on the Asylum Farm.
TheIre in one farmi in Sout
Carolina~ tha t auralte atL
teinti;u of all pIssers-be evor
on-and that is the~ asylui
farm in the suburbs of Columibj:
There is no better illustration il
the whole State of the advan tage:
that come froin an intensiive sys
teml of farming. There is a m110os
practical dewmoilstratioln of hov.
land Can be ilpr)ved by payiu
back animal Irod(ts, for ti
vegetable mAtter that is. t.ken of
every year. 1t is we1l knowi
that the lands- on this fara
several years ago were almnos
hopelessly barren. To-day th<
crops thereon catch the eve o
every passenger on the Southeri
trains which run closeby. An)
statement from the manager of t
property that has been so mueL
mproved as this has been it
iese few short years should bc
riven full weight, beciuse it ih
round on experience and is free
Irom any well spun theories. Sc
ve take pleasure in publishinn
-he following l*tter below from
Ir. J. W. Bunch, whose good
ortune it is to have charge o
his fine farm, the. same bein2
,opied from the Southern Cul
:ivator of August.
To provid3 for the ever -inrea
ng number of dairy cows upou
he asylum farm the Board of
Iegents, in the spring of 1891,
lecided to experiment with onsil
Lge. When the new cow barn
vas built that fall four brick pits
vere added to it, but only one
vas completed, this being suffici
mt to hold the crop of corn raisedl
or this purpose that year.
The herd of cows gradually in
reased from twenty-fire then, tc
me hundred and fifty head now.
['his increase has naturally in
reased the consumption of feed
.nd the experience gained each
rear being in favor of the suceu
ent ensilage as the most whole
ona and the cheapost food for
>roducing large gaanities of pure
weet milk, haz :. e for mora
rops and more space to store
he crops till to-day we have four
>its, brick plastered inside with
)ortlaud cement as follows:
One pit 9x20, 29 feet, 5,220
ubic feet holding 113 tons; one
it 10 1-2x20. 29 feet deep, 6,090
ubic feet holding 133 tons; one
it 3.x20, 29 feet deep, 8:700
ubic feet, holding 190 tons; one
it 1x20, 29 feet deep, 11,020
ubic feet, holding 240 tous.
Th tops of all the field corn
xne hundred and twenty-five
cres), are converted into G1;sikZse.
1he last crop mindo about twvo
undred tons. This was all fed
p before the sorghum erop was
arvested. To feed one hundred
udi fifty head of cattle all th~e
ear ihe asylum has no pas
arage of any consequence) takes
uite a lot of provender.
Sorghu has been diepeuded
poD to hil the silo pit because
f its enormous yield. of stocks
nd blades. Corn, if plaxnted~ in
bie sping anid seasons are yo.
itious will prodtee yuite a lot
feecllent feed, but plauted as
crop to follovT oats it most
en-rally fails. Awd if left' as
hiek in the drill as sorghum will
aost surely shriAe and dry ip
rhen the drought and hot sun
trikes it. So ghum p~ermIits
rowding and rarely pyer gets
'eyond( the pgint o.f recuperation
hen the rain co.n~es after a
No diffenno has been dotected
u the~ weg omi~ilk wheu chang
nig the feed from ens ilage of corn
o ensilage of sorghum. It aip
>ears to be relished equally 'well
.nd if the sorghum crop is
a:,s:.ed at the proper en C
rwhand w, hed anid ~ept
rae of 4ir 1:bare is no reason why
i should ever sour of spoil.
Six inches from~ tL top of a pit
1f elsilag? should be fed off ec~Lh
Ily or the- exposel surfice may~l
>e expected to sor
Fift nees f gr~gham are
a-a ae on eac year, and
he ap vergesabout liftemu
o pr a re. The cost of the
: or c ultivation iuxing
umI UniLm the e'.rop). watI
en b p:a is about S1.25
wr- to .The cuasiage is mlzad
~.cow wi2 ;~. ).:ie .19 to 50~
J. W. Bunch.
Two Bott, ct-ea rygu.
"I no Imcah with kidner eK o
ma Cu! .: s aol byo Mceasr Co.e
lWant to BUY
Redvuce your proposition to writing
uorreclyIv described, on contract and
descip tionl imks furnished from thi.
olice. Coniducting business on the
oh~iln to m11oith, careless plan leaves
too inuch room for dispute and argu
nments. When agreemuents are in black
and white, disputes can be easily set
tied. It is not a good idea to be a life
time learning how to conduct on busi
nessprinciples. ';Peinny wise and pound
foliSh, trying to save all and spend
none is narrow-minded. Let all honest
professions have their share of what is
-going. The country needs more con
fidence and less evasion of laws, truth
and honesty. If we are afraid of each
other it is difficult to accomplish much.
Liars, thieves and grafters should be
denounced from the house tops. Let
the best people of the country pull
together and see that the laws are en
forced, otherwise the laws are useless.
It is the mutual interest of clients and
this oflee that business should be
transacted on clean business princi
ples, void of misrepresentations. When
prospective buyers find property mis
represented after investigation, they
naturallv lose confidence and are hard
to interest further. Let property be as
good or better than represented. Then
coitidence is gained and deals are
easier to get through. Ask those who
transact through this otfice how much
tunne, trouble and money they save.
if your grist is not ground you pay
no toll. Options should be renewed
promptly when they expire. We want
-all the good property and reliable clients
on our list possible. Valuable property
and responsible customers are much
pleasanter and. more profitable to han
die. It is the mutual welfare of the
counitI at large to help put life atid
Value in the soil, the foundation to all
other business. When you put value
in the DIRT, you put life in the in
habitants and business of the land.
There is nothing coming to tis until
clients have been benefited, therefore
our proposition is one of the fairest in
Ameriea. Kindly let us have your
ofters on anything in our charge, as
well as your questions, Aanrwise we
eau do you but little good. Don't wait
to see' us, write or wire your offer.
Below you will see a part of my offer
ings in this conimmuity. If nothing to
suit you, kindly let us know what you
desire, giving an idea of the price and
ternis prefered. It is useless fc: us to
offer you a valley if you want to buy a
mountain, a small farm if a large one,
a oheap house if a costly one. It you
kiow exactly what you want we standI
a better chance to fix you up. This
ofice is ready to xchiange favors wi8l
reliable real estate men tlreighout
the country. The railroads and real
estate nien are the proper ones to po.pu.
late and uIevelop the resources of thet
Laud with 4 i-J4 clas Qf iminit,.
No. 44. --872 acres 9 miles Winnusbo ro,
church andi~ school, 225 cultivated,
1.>0 in tinmber', loam, hilly and rol
in~g,- 10-room dwelling, 10 stalls, 75
a.cres bottoms, 4.50 acres pasture, 7
settlements, store house, ginl house,
cattle shed 20xl100, wvell; river an~d
No. '156.-525 acres 9 miles White Oak
chureh and schoo.l o~i rlaoce, 40)
cultivated, 20,0 in Gnxo timber, mu
liatto soil. (1iversl5ied, 3 settle
menci~ts, pasture, meadow, Waterce
cteek, branc~hes anid springs; fine
for stock raising ..............$ 7 na
No. 37.>.1 1-4 acre 1',t at Bly the
hvood .00 p.opxriation,. church and
s0 olf lirame buildmgo 25x)40, -
str in house, tiour and grist i
eugin.. nd boiler'. ELxtri Mie.
o. 40-.1. M eAcres .A nles (Ca~it h
.ills: churcla a~nd schoo 3 and 4
b~eri lxlack SOdl, roug good hot.
WA 4(i,-.z00 acres 6i miles Winns
horo; church andt school; 4~> culti
vnted, 45 in timber, gray, sandy
.soil; diversitied; tenant house; i.
gr'anite on lace; 1 mile WYiranzho
gvranlite quarry; wyell :3.ni zdreimi
.I 2. i acs, 7misfo
r;00cultivated; 5 ibr
se'2i mult to soil; orchard; level;
IG5~ 'cal.,i.-nts; 2-stor'y dIwellingr;
1*arge' bar'n; posture; well anid
spring: splendid farm ....$15 acre
Apply ti my oflice, or naari stieh
unrter i:.'Ygnr1o sssae. 'li
.aestantly getting in better
prpIerty we' ha've on our list, the better"
lhe chan,-' 1t o serve bu"yer~ aind selleri.
T I h01 r~t'~ilk~ or etate is very pvi
i5ing. Th oiuntr'y is ini a pro'~porous
how to till1 the.c soil and ,electricity' is
h '-.:.g-nerated. tu tur~n thi w'heels of
.,'.4. We need more palint e'n'i
khnit wa h to show there is 1ife i :L.
I and. Good Roads and S.4Anals are
This ollie' pa;'- M- natormnation that.
J. EDGAR POAG, Broker,
Rock lill, S. C,
( 'a. fAr (-'/tA to .N';t .Yar
Mt. Zion Institute,
WIONSBORO, S. C.
L. T. BA E..R, Superintemlent. J. H. THORNWELL, Assistant.
A NNI E F. DAVIS.
EM1i LY OH EA i , BESSIE McMASTER.
NANNI E- I'lfNNEY. EUNICE BACOT.
Mrs. T. M. JORDAN, Music Teacher.
SESSION OF 1905-190; UEGINS ON MONDAY, SEPT. IS, 9 A. M.
Pupils are requestei not to purcihase books until correct lists are furnished
by their teachers.
In addition to the common school or elementary course, Mt. Zion offers an
exceptionally strong secondary or high school preparati)n for pupils intending
to pursue busines, scientifie, or professional careers. A strong corps of teachers,
vell selected library. complete set of apparatus for instruction in the sciences,
and the high moral tone and health of the community are among the attrac
tions offered by this school to students from this and adjoining counties.
TUITION AND INCIDENTAL FEES.
H igh School Department ........................................ ................$2.50 per month.
Eighth Grade for other than English Branches.............. 1.00
Outside of District in Common School Branches........... 1.00 " "
For further information apply apply to Superintendent or
J. FRANK FOOSHE,
Secretary Board Trustees.
I have just feceived two carloads of Dressed
Flooring and Ceiling; Weather-boarding and
Rough Lumber, all cut from long-leaf pine.
Shingles, Laths, Mouldi'ng, Brick and other
building materials always in stock.
A full stock of Buggies ani Harness at special
'v rything in Furniture. See our Baby Car
ages and Organs.
This is the place to get a good Cook Stove.
Our stock ofjDry Goods and Notions will inter
J. O. BOAG.
YOUR DRINKING WATER
IS OF VITAL IMPORTANCE TO YOU. TO GET THE
best water you have to go down in the ground for it. We
are making a,specialty of
Drilling Deep Wells
that do not go dry and afford a constant flow of water un
contaminated by surface drainingg. Try one of these deep
wells. W can drill it for you at reasonable cost. We can
drill right through the hardest rock with our new well
machine. If your water supply is not satisfactory, let us
know about it and we will make it all right for you.
Correspon~denc~e inv'ited. We succeed where others fail.
R. T. Matthews & Son.
flue West Female College
47TH YEAR BEGINS SEPTEMBER 13.
Strong Faculty of 5 men, 11 women.
126 pupils from 11 States; 70 boarders.
A. B., B. S. and L. I. degrees.
Board and tuition $150.00 per year.
Ideal place for quiet study, thorough work, sweet Christian
influences, and kind personal oversight.
For Catalog address
REV. JAMES BOYCE, President,
7-5- St Due West, Abbeville Co., S. C.
I AM HEADQUARTERS FOR
Quart and 1-2 Gallon Fruit
If you need any, call and see me. I can
please you in quality and price.
Geo. R. Lauderdale.