Newspaper Page Text
Tunic Effects in Skirts.
It is rumored that tunic effects in
.-kirts are to appear with the first mel
ancholy days. In fact, some ultra
smart women are wearing them now.
The bell-shaped tunics, short at the
sides and arranged over a plain or
flounced skirt, are the most attractive.
Other tunic models have a square
apron effect slashed up at the sides,
and for stout figures this style is best,
giving long lines. If you think of
having a woolen street gown made
now. be sure that the skirt is cut in a
modifled bell or umbrella shape.
Women at the Bar.
One of the graduates of the Law
School of Boston University at its re
c0't (ommncement was Miss Edith
W. Peek. a youn.g woman of social
Prominence in Cincinnati. Ohio. It is
said that she will enter the law office
of her father, who is a judge. and at
tend to a general office practice. An
other woman to enter the profession of
law is Miss Anne Grace Kennedy, a
graduate of the Baltimore Law School
and the second woman to receive the
degree of bachelor of laws in Mary
land. She received in addition to this
degree two medals, one for the best
thesis and the other for being the high
est grade student in the senior class.
In Modern Courtship Quick?
An American lady has discovered
that courtship is a swifter business
than of old. This does not result, as
you might suppose, from the increas
ing "hustle" of these happy days, nor
from the higher speed of the maidens
of 1905. In olden days, when the
lovers "stole a word or two between
the pauses of a minute," things
dragged. Now that a "couple can
golf all day undisturbed by a chap
eron * * * if a man 'doesn't make
record time" in courtship, why,
blame the man. This is all very well.
But in the days of the minuet they
could. if we believe the romancers,
put on the pace. Mistress Lydia Lan
guish would meet Mr. Roderick Ran
dom for the first time at tea, and be
OKr to Gretna Green before supper.
Golf is not in it.
Fall Materials and Colors.
No one need fear to invest in a
plaided or checked costune, for man
ufacturers are now weaving and get
ting ready to weave plaids of all
sorts for the fall and winter. Shadow
plaids. checks and also stripes are a
feature of the autumnal dress mater
ials. These made their first appear
anc- in mohairs. and since then they
have been manufactured abroad in
meirose, in satin prunella and other
Stripes are pushed this autnurm, and
ought to find favor with the stout
woman at least.
-In colors for the autumn royal blue
is a leader abroad, while in this coun
try the shade termed inauguration
biue is a much-used color. Green in
myrtle reseda and other dark shades
are fashionable, while browns fall be
hind their run of last year. while the
dark simdes of plum, purple and kin
dred hues are being manufactured
What She Embroiders.
Stamped chemisettes and elbow
Linen card cases to match hner linen
Stock ties of handkerchief linen, al
Towels for wedding presents, giv
ing them a scalloped edge.
A butterfly design on her underwaist
and other lingerie.
Handkerchief bags, which may be
bouga ready stamped for a quarter.
Linen covers for heart-shaped pil
lows. These have embroidery ruf
Fin~e white pique cases for the hand
kerchiefs, gloves- and cravats of her
Pretty collars and cuffs sets, which
come ready stamped on linen for thir
And for the same price one may
buy the entire little outfit wherewith
all this may be done.
Cultir-ting the Graces.
Keeping up appearances may be con
sidered vulgar, but within rightful
limits it indicates a prime essential
to successful attainment. In the mat
te:r of behavior. if one wishes to ap
pear graceful and amiable she perforce
makes an effort not only to seem but
to be anmir.ble and graceful. The ree
ognition of what is seemly is the first
step toward its attainment.
With thle decline of the kitchen and~
life in apartments, grand functions
and state occasions are being left to
those with spacious homes and limit
less means. But the spirit of hospital
ity is not dead: only its outward forms
arec put upon a more simple and per
haps more genuine basis.
Having elimina'ted from domestic
service mue:1 that is superfinous, and
hiaving gained a broader knowledge
of what constitutes the art of living.
the housekeeper of the future will
2dense her income and time to great
c&idvantage than she has done in the
past and her hospitality will subserve
more than a single end. Nor shall its
leading feature be contined to tile
womannn's luncheon on which occasion
the family needs entertainment or shel
:er abroad until the dread hour of the
function Las passed.-Indianapolis
The Ideal Guest.
It has been said that women may be
divided into two classes, that of the
"bor-n hostess" and that of the '"born
guest," anid that neither fits into the
other's role with any degree of srccess:
Trher-e is one charming woman who is
known among her friends as "I. G.."
'which mysterious appellation stands
for "Ideal Guest!" It is so silly: And
one' can be a perfect guest if she only
tries, All you have to do is to be
pleased with your entertainment, and
try to help your hostess make things
agreeable for others. Yes, I do yisit
a great deal, and I make it an inv'ol
able rule never to repeat in one hous
what I have seen or heard in another.
It is very modest: and quite prope
that the "Ideal Guest" should thu
make light of her qualifications. Thos
of u., however, whio have a facult,
for observation knowv of other require
ments of the character she has no
named. The "Ideal Guest." for in
stnace, makes the care of her room a:
easy for the maid as possible. Whei
she leaves it in th morning the be<
is stripped and thb mattress turne<
to the air. When she leaves it for din
ner or supper in the evening, all he:
own belongings are carefully put awa
in closet or drawers, thus making no
"picking up" after her-work whiel
i- wearing to t'.e maid and whic
takes much time. Th.e "I. G." also re
members at noo:1. or when the gues
room has the most blaze of sunlight
to close the blinds or drop the awnings
thus helping to keep fresh her hostess
dainty furnishings.-Harper's Bazar.
The Busines3 Woman's Problems.
Why the woman who works for i
living is usually more nervous and i
less exuberant health generally thai
the man who works, has been a matte:
for much discussion in clubs and news
papers, and without any satisfactor
verdict liaving been reached. but ther,
are those who do not find it hard t
understand the phenomenon.
The man who works usually does on
sort of work. He is a physician, a law
yer, or a clerk, and when he has close<
his office door for the day, if he is ,
sensible man. he puts in the remainde:
of the time enjoying himself in what
ever way best s--its him.
And the woman who works-well
she is usually jack of a dozen tradc
and master of none.
When she comes home from her ofic<
it occurs to her that there are a half I
dozen pairs of stockings to be darned
and she sets to work forthwith on thi
nerve-tearing work. When the stock
ings are finished, she is just as likeli
as not to sew on the laca that th<
laundress has ripped off a skirt. anc
she goes to bed wifh her head aching
and absolutely unrefreshed.
In the morning she remembers thai
there are a dozen little lace collars tc
be laundered, for they were much tot
fragile to go in the general laundry,
and that afternoon she gives over tc
the "doing-up" of these troublesomA
ittle things. adding a couple of white
belts, three pairs of white gloves and
i veil to the pile.
When she has finished with these,
der back is aching. and she is glad tc
.ie down and read by the light of a
istant and dim gas jet the afternoon
2ewspaper, thereby bringing on the
ls that come from eye strain.
She discovers the next afternoon that
ier hair needs washing. and she spernds
i good two hours at this hard work.
She doesn't feel that she can afford the'
seventy-five cents or $1 that a hair
iresser would charge her for this ser
-ice, and which the latter can do much
etter tha'n she can do it herself. andl
to she expends strength that is worth
nore to her than money, in half-doing
She manieures her own nails wher
he should be taking a nap, and makes
~hirt waists when she should be exer
-sing in the open. She makes cara
mels by way of fin. and fusses over
:hem until she herself admits that she
She finds things for herself to d'
th'at really needn't be done, and by
the end of the summer she is a limr
and nerve-racked rag.
"But I have to keep nice," she wails.
"and I cannot afford to hire some on~
to do my mending and to groom my
hair and nails!"
It is, indeed, a problem how the busi
ness woman shall manage, but, never
theless, these are some of the reason!
why she who works for a living is
usually a thin and anaemic person,
who looks haggard and old before her
Widespread is the fad for so-called
Pique collars and cuffs are a fea
ture of all summer frocks.
Trimmings lead off with quillings o.
the same silks as the gowns.
All-over embroideries with floune.
ings to match make most beautifu:
Chiffon taffeta and chiffon cloti:
gowns must be included.
Exquisitely embroidered impor'ted
blouses attract one's attention at every
The pattern or robe gowvn. as it is
called, helps to make life easier by fat
Dull gold gallons of various width!
are much used in combinatoins witl:
a brilliant color.
The modified leg-o'-mutton sleeve i:
the favorite sleeve, says the Philadel
Under lingerie hats the hair will b.
seen to be garnished with pert butter
fly bows of crisp silk.
Of the making of collars. chemi
settes and cuffs. as well as under
sleeves, there is indeed no end.
Using different linings make a lot of
variety in embroidered dresss for the
effect is quite different with ecel
By that silent agreement which is
fashion's Marconi system, every wvel:
dressed woman, it seems, has orderc
one or more black costumes.
Several new kinds of pleated bind
ings and ruchings are shown: among
these is one designed to take the place
of a neckband with a two-inch and
half frill below to lie flat around the
hoat t is of nleated chiffon. .
THE PERSONAL COLUMN.
Daiies Think Iterna Silly in Weeklies
That Are Proper in Their Sheets.
We can all understand the interest
and appositeness of the personal col
umus of the newspapers. They have
a news interest. Additionally, they
have a personal interest to others.
They take the place, to a degree. of
the exchange of personal information
that used to be made at the church
and which still, under circumstances
that give it value. is made there.
There is, besides. in the personal co
umna a human side. It represents in
terest in people amid the multifarious
concerns of other kinds with which
the newspaper is freighted. This per
sonal column is the same in its char
aeteristics wherever it is found-the
same in London. Indiana. as in Lon
don. England.. (We speak, of course,
to the purely private personal informa
tion; that which gets no warrant from
offieial position or commercial fun,
And yet few things are more amus
ing to a community than the personal
"eunn or items of another community.
There is more fun in it than in looking
at the fashions of last year or the last
decade. We know how consuiedy
funny tight trousers look in an era of
loose trousers. or tight-waisted. long
skirted coats in a time of straight gar
ments-never reflecting that when
fashion swings round again the pres
ent styles will look precisely as ridic
ulous. So. each community finds fun
in the personal columns of another
community, and seldom with the re
flection that the converse is the case.
Few newspapers irdulge in this sort
- of fun so frequently. and (it must be)
i get so much enjoyment out of it. as
r those of our great imperial city of New
York. It is almost a standing feature
F for them to copy the personal informa
a tion of some other community. The
enjoyment that it occasions can be
imagined from the frequency and
prominence with which it is done. A
recent example was the reproduction
I in one of the metropolitan papers of
the personal column of a paper of a
small Kentucky town. One of these
items so solemnly reproduced (there
were others of its k-ad) was this:
"Mrs. 31ann, of Ewing. Ky., is visit
ing her brother, C. M. Boone, of this
This was doubtless very funny. But
the same New York paper contained
this item for itself:
"M1r. and "Mrs. Thomas Hunt have
arrived from Europe, and are guests
of Mr. and Mrs. Julian W. Robbins."
And doubdess there was nothing
I funny at all to the New York paper in
that. But why should the one be sobem
and the other silly?' The Hunts and
the Robbinses are as much unknown
quantities in the Kentucky community
as the Mauns and the Boones are in
New York. As for the importance of
the event chronicled to the two corn
munities, manifestly it is "horse and
horse." Similarly another "funny"
Kentucky personal was copied, thus:
"George and New Fox started Mon
day to Illionois. where they will make
their home this summer."
But the New York paper chronicled:
"Mrs. James MeVickar has left town
for Brookside, her place at Dobbs
Ferry. on the Hudson, for the season."
Again we .have Kentucky:
"Mr. W. L. Staggs bought of Mrs.
James Mason a farm of eighty acres
at .$07 per acre."
And New York:
"Mr. and Mrs. Thomas McKean, who
are at present in Paris, have rented
Pince cottage No. 3. in Narragansett
avenue, for the coming season."
Where is the difference, if any? The
nofrsons involved are equally unknown
:n the "other" community, and both
alik' in a third community. All are
inl private life. They touch the public
in nothing. And certainly there is as
mueh dignity inl buying a farm as
renting a house; and for the matter of
thait the one implies a life of industry
whic'h means something added to the
courntry's riches; the other implies a
life of idleness. mere dawdling with
nothing more intelligent in it than the
play of children with hobby horses and
It stems to us that there is a large
fid for the metropolitan papers to
cultivate with reference to the personal
intelligence department, and that is to
ge;: over the idea that such items in
other communities are ridiculous, while
in theirs they are of the utmost dignity
and moment. Both alike have their
local value, but not one stiver of worth
outside of that, and both are equally
inane to a third party; and if there is
any difference the New York items are
the inaner of the two, for they are a
vain repetition of the names of the
sme 3C't of idliers-the folk that liter
Ially do nothing. and all that is chron
icled of them is just that: They come
to "town:' they go to the country: they
go to Europe: they rent a "cottagte:"
they give a dinner; they attend a dance,
et cetera ad nauseam. For the Ken
trucky folk'it can at least be said that
the personal mention that they occas
ionally get does not represent all they
do in life.-Indianapolis News.
How Pcrtlanid Was Named.
Frank W. Pettygrov e. of Seattle, has
thie penny thiat named the city of Port
land, Ore. On the toss of this coin
dgended tihe question w.hether the
Wii!2znette neiropolis should be
!::own as Portland or Boston. Twice
the coin turncd "tails" and the town
was mnnel after Portlar:d. Me.. the
former home of Mr. Pettygrove's fath
er. A. L. Lovejoy, of Massachusetts.
a member of the party that laid out
Prtlan !. desired to name it Boston.
after the most important city in his
State. Pettygrove wanted to name it
Portland. after the most important
city in Maine. his native State. They
a:'d to toss a penny. heads to mean
Boston. tails to mean Portland. the
best two in thiree to be the choice.
Pttygrove won the first toss. Love
or* wo h second. and the third
-ovetd to be tails, and Portland it
was. The yournger Pettygrove still
hs the identical penny, and would
not take any amount of money for it.
His father kept it for a pocket piece,
and it has been handed down to the
son, who bears his father's name. It
i.; dated 18%3. and is one of ,those
large 'oinls in vogue at that time,
alout the size of a quarter of the pres
ent day.-Seattle- Times.
Werda, a small town in the kingdom
of Dahomey, is celebrated for its tem
If a ton of coal is placed on the
round and left there, and another ton
is placed under a shed, the latter
loses about twenty-five per cent. of its
heating power. the former about for
ty-seven. per cent.
According to the Scientific Amnerienn,
the power generated in a modern
steamship in a single voyage across
the Atlantic is enough to raise frc.i
the Nile and set in place every stone
cif one of the great pyramids.
A French journal describes an at
tempt to produce a sufficiently thin
sheet of alumiunm to serve as a sub
stute for tinfoil as a wrapp-r for ar
,..ies of merchandise that might be
injured by moisture. Paper coated
with tin is'also emloyed for the saime
It has long been known that ozone
is a powerful germicide. and a nlumi
ber of different methods of using it to
purify city water supplies have been
devised. A well known plant for that
purpose is situated at Wiesbaden. Ger
many. Another has l-een instailed at
Philadelphia. . ? --3
Enormous swarms of butterfil'
move along the Amazon and other
South American rivers. M. Goeldi. of
Para, Brazil, finds that detached
masses make detours to visit trees
in bloom, but does not explain the geni
eral migration. One suggestion is that
the great flights are made up of fe
males seeking mimosas as a place of
Electric .waves and sensitive receiv
ers offer a means of performing a va
riety of operations at a distance. Pro
fessor E. D. Branly has been trying
to attain such results, and has shown
the Paris Academy an apparatus by
which he can start an electric motor.
cause incandescent lamps to glow, and
cause an explosion. These effects may
be produced or discontinued in any
desired order, one after anothcr.
Veterinary surgeons know, but the
general public probably does not, that
some animals are as liable to menin
g*tis as are human beings. Goats and
horses are the principal sufferers in
the dumb creation. and from them the
infection may be transmitted to mail.
In horses thC disenase is known as "hy
Irocephius acutus." Of horses affect
.d with the disrase, seventy-eight per
ren. die. and the remainder have a
chronic tendency to relapse.-London
CANADA'S NORTHWEST POLICE.
No Other Such System of rublic Guard
ianship in the World.
Readiness for duty in any form has
made the Royal Northwest mounted
police what they are, the trusted guar
dians of life and property in Western
Canada. Their field is from'the Uni
ted States boundary to the Aretc
coast, and in this vast territory, 1000
miles from south to north. 800~ scarler
coated men keep peace aind order.
Through any part of it, raairie. wil
erness or woods. a defenseless womn
in may go alone and have no fear. To
make thus easy the traveler's way
meant years of vigilant policing and
even of fighting. Those were stirrirng
times, when mounted police service
had zest and giory. To-day there is
less glory and more hard we rk: for as
the country is settling farther north
the police, too. are moving up anid wid
ning their beats. Smugglers on the
border, thieves on the ranches, crimnin
als in the settlements, fires in the for
sts, to guard against these and to rep
resent the law in a land that would
easily be lawless are their duties to
day, and to these have no0w been added
the carriage of the mnails in the ex
treme north and the protection of the
whale fisheries on the Arctic coast.
The Royal Northwvest mounted police
afe unique. There is no other such
system of public guardianship in the
world, nor are there now in any other
country quite the same conditions
which called it into being. - Aubrey
Fullerton, in the World To-day. - -
Keping in Step.
It was such a stormy day that there
were few people in the library. The
librarian, therefore, did not find the
girl who always came in with a grist
of questions so tiresome as she usually
was. When she had asked about
Eyron's birthplace and Whittier's fam
ily and Kipling's age arid the best plac-e
to buy an atlas and the (date of Jlane
Austen's death and how to find out
what tile women in Nortva.- wear on
holidays, it was evident that there was
still something oni her mind.
"Do you know German?" she wis
pered, getting as close as possible t->
the ear of her bureau of information.
"A little," said the librarian, cau
tious from long experience.
"Do you know how to spell 'owf'
'owfwe' "-began the girl. and then
"-I think you must mean 'aufwieder
sehen.'" the librarian said, pleasantly.
and she spelled it slowly, while the
girl copied it on a slip of paper.
'Oh, thank vou!" she said, as she
carefully bestowed the paper in her
ag. "You see, I have a particular
friend-I'm really engaged to him-and
he's in Germany: anld I thought if he
realized that I was making an effort
to keep right along wvith him in the
language he'd be so gratified: Good
A good story is told of the early ef
forts to start a paper made by ex-GJov
ernor Furnas, who died at Lincoln.
Neb.. on June 1.
"One enthusiastic pioneer," said Gov
ernor Furnas, "subscribed for twenty
ive copies of my paper. After a
proper length of time I presented my
bill, fifty dollars. -Why, you don't ex
pect me to pay that, do youP' gasped
"'Certainly I do!' said I. 'You sub
scribed for that many papers, didn't
"'Yes, but I didn't think you would
want any pay for them. I only sub
scribed to encourage you.' ",
A photographer ot Chicago claims to
have taken the largest photograph in
With the Funny:
Change of Diet.
She said: "Give us our daily bread"-.
Then heaved a little sigh,
And said: "To-morrow night, mama,
I'm going to pray for pie."
. .. Privilege.
Knicker-"Does your cook eat with
Bocker-"No; the family dine with
Not Quite Plain.
Kind Lady-"Poor mai! Wouldn't
you like a nice chop?"
The Hobo (suspiciously)-"What kind
ur a chop, lady-lamb or woodshed?"
Chicago Daily News.
A Hpartfelt Revelalion.
Fidelia-"Aunt Fidelia, why did you
Aunt Fidelia-"My dear,the only man
that I felt sure could manage me never
proposed to me."-Brooklyn Life.
- Headina Him Off.
Hicks-"My wife dropped in to see
me at the office to-day, and-"
Wicks-"Sorry, old man, but I've
been touched, too: can't lend you a
cent."-Catholic Standard and Times.
An Old Standby.
"A good many people seem to dis
like Toucherly-yet he. appears to
stand by his friends.."
"Yes-and I'll bet You never saw one
of them offer him a chair."-Cleveland
Shaver-"Do you believe that 'early
to bed' makes a man wealthy?"
Old Boy-"Well, er, yes. You see, if
he goes early to bed it keeps him from
squandering his money at night!"-De
troit Free Press.
"Oh! yes, he's quite an enthusiast.
He goes in for things in real earnest."
"Yes, if some one were to send him
on a wild goose chase he'd speak of
himself afterward as a sportsman."
- No Chance aor Percy.
Ida-"Are you going to spend that
follar in a present for Percy Sapp?"
MIay-"No. I promised papa I
wouldn't spend it on anything foolish."
Fixed For the Evening.
"What a supremely satisfied look
~rs. Witcherleigh has."
"Yes. She has just succeeded inl get
ng her husband paired off wit'h a
omely old lady who :g-on't let him get
way from her this evening."-Chicago
A Gontle Remninder.
Mrs. Blue--3y husband is so tired
earing about coal bills that I don't
:are mention it to him again, and
we're all out. What shall I do?"
Mrs. True-"Let him freeze for a
while and, he'll think of It himself."
Detroit Free Press.
The sweet girl graduate was reading
The .fond mothaer, sitting near the
front row, was gazing at her with
"-You ought to be proud of her," M1rs.
Highmus." whispered the admiring
friend sitting alongside.
"Indeed I am." answered the mother.
"t cost her .$75, and fits her like a
"No malaria around here?" said the
man with a tourist's cap.
"Nope," answered Farmer Corntossel.
'You must have some of the annoy
nces of country life."
"What are t'ey?"
"Summer boarders. But we have to
put up with 'em."-Washington Star.
"What sort of labor is best paid in
this country?" asked the English tour
-Field labor." answered the native
"Is that a fact?" queried the Eng
lishman. who was incline'd to be a bit
"Sure." replied the other. '"You ought
to see the salaries our baseball play
ers get."-Chicago Daily News.
Husband of the Futuma. '
'First Ciubwoman (a few years hence)
---en are enough to drive a woman
Second Clubweman-"Indeed they
First Ciubwoman-"Only think! For
five nights Iast week I remainea'at th~e
lub terribly late, and yet when I went
bome I didn't find my husband waiting
at the top of the stairs to upbraid me
for neglect. The heartless brute was
in bed, sleeping like a top, and actually
smiled in his dreams."-New York
ARM O OTES.
ER, STOCKMAN ANO'C. OCW
the plants become and the greater the
thoroughness required to reach all the
specimens."-Home and Farm.
The summer seasons are fraught
with uncertainties till farmers are look
ing more and more to winter crops and
the summer crops requiring but a short
This leads to the planting of early
maturing varieties of cotton, corn nd
cowpeas and other staple crops. Where
these have been planted here this year
a fair crop has already been made.
Oats are becoming one of the leading
feed crops-one of the most profitable
-in Georgia, for after oats a good crop
of cowpea hay, can be made or a crop
of late cotton. By growing oats a cover
crop is kept on the land all winter, pre
venting washing and destruction by
rains, and if cowpeas are grown the
land undergoes a continual proe-ss of
improvement. Numerous experiments
have been made with different methods
of plant-ing, and It .seems as 1i * are
to see a general idea prevailing that
the ridge drill method is best. It is
argued that it pre :ents winter killing.
But all that is necessary to secure a
good stand throughout the winter is
to prepare the land thoroughly, put the
oats in the ground early enough and
you will succeed nine years in ten, and
if you want any more success than
that try something else besides farm
ing. - Rhea Hayne, of Georgia, in
Home and Farm.
How to Eeep Hogs Healthy.
Below we give three good cholera
prescriptions that our readers would
do well to cut out and preserve. Choose
one which you will have prepared to
give your hogs, say, every sixty days,
and at any time they seem unwell.
(1).-Wood charcoal, 1 lb., sulphur, 1
lb.. sodium chloride. 2 lbs.; sodium bi
carbonate. 2 lbs.: sodium hypohuiphite,
2 lbs.; sodium sulphate, 1 lb.; antimony
sulphid, 1 lb.
Pulverize thoroughly, mix well. and
give one tablespoonful to each 200 lbs.
of live weight of hogs treated, one a
day for several days.
(2).-Sulphur, 2 lbs.; copperas, 2 lbs.;
madder. 2 lbs.; black antimony, % lb.;
saltpetre. % lb.; arsenic. 2 oz.
Mix with twelve gallons of water
and give one pint to each hog. This
will be sufficient to dose 100 hogs.
(3).-Salt. 4 lbs.; black antimony. 1
lb.; copperas, 1 lb.; sulphur, 1 lb.; salt
petre. 3/& lb.; wood ashes,. 1 peck.
Pulverize and mix thoroughly. mois
ten and put enough in a trough to pre-,
vent waste, and put where hogs can
have access to it at all times. If dis
posed to have cholera they will eat it
very freely; at other times they will
eat less or perhaps none at all.
silos-Now is the Time to Build.
This is a most favorable season for
the building of silos upon the farm,
and it should be don'e wherever a con
siderable amount of stock is carried or
green crops raised. Nothing has ever
been invented that is so useful for the
saving of green food for the feeding of
stock as the silo. In fact, the means
of preserving ensilage is of the greatest
practical interest to every farmer,
stock breeder and dairyman -in the
country, and is of commanding impor
tance to the agricultural world. This
process of preserving vegetation is far
more economical than the saving of
hay or the growing of corn. The silo
furnishes the means of laying by an
abundance of forage for season of
drought. More cattle can be support
eded from -a given acreage of land by
the use of ensilage than in any .other
way, and the quantity of manure can
be proportionately increased. The
word ensilage originally meant the act
of compressing into pits, trenches' or
compartments, which are called silos.
It now means th'e materials com
pressed. These silos may be built
above ground or in part below and in
part above the ground. In the South
ern States it is the custom to build
them wholly above ground.-Southernl
I 1azor-Back Fork.
It is a fact, -that can be proved by
innumerable witnesses, that the flesh
of a young razor-back pig which has -
been fattened for a few weeks in a
pen, possesses a flavor that cannot be
equalled LS any Northern gro n pork.
We beieve that if it could once be
introduced to the notice of epicures,
etc., in Northern markets. that the sup
ply would not equal the demand at
prices that would pay a good profit.
Fl -ida Agriculturist.
Fertilizer For the Garden.
In gardens well mlanured in other re
spects. a lack of potash may make
them less productive than their .condl
tion otherwise will warrant. Wood
ashes mixed with soil aid materially in
keeping it moist. Gardens often dry
up by an excessive application of g
coarse stable manure, and something
else is often needed to counteract this
Facts Not Widely Known.
Ether was first used in surgical op
erations in 1864.
Iron was discovered in Virginia
(the first metal found in America)
A machine is being perfected in a
Birmingham shop that is to turn out
from 90,000 to 100,000 finished wire
nails an hour.
South Africa exports about $26,
000,000 worth of diamcnd': to London
The Belgians are the greatest po
tato-eaters in the world, and the Irish
Of the 136,561 freight cars ordered
for American railroads last year 35,
000 were of steel construction.
Sawdust is now used by some Paris
zestaurant, the Gaulois says, as a
dressing for cutlets instead of bread
crmb.nh Tt costs only 30 cents a sack.
TOPICS OF INTEREST TO THE PLANT
Saving Pea-Tine Hay.
The various methods of saving pea
vine hay with the least labor and
greatest value demands the best
thought of every farmer. Much labor
and energy often go to waste by fol
lowing the usual plan-to cut when the
first pods begin to ripen and let them
lie and tedder till cured, or otherwise
put in cocks or hang up on posts till
ready for the barn. If rain and dew
falls. shattering leaves and stems and
taking the aroma and green cast out
of the vines, never mind that; toil on;
they are well wprth the cost. even if
the half-grown pods are moldy, minus
the leaves at feeding time. But the
thought of the enormous labor expend
ed or paid for ii saving agreeu pea crop
is by no means thrilling or encourag
ing. It suggests and clamors for bet
ter methods. The very nature of the
plant forbids the idea of saving the
succulent vines and green, half grown
pods for hay except through a dry-kiln.
My experience with others proies
that there is a cheaper way of saving
and increasing the value of the pea
crop by letting all the pods ripen fully
on the vines before cutting.
It is evident that th: whole crop of
ripe pods (say, five, eight or ten bushels
per acie), cut and saved with the dry
vines even after frost gives more good
feed than the vines and half grown,
moldy pods. For several years I have
been feeding the dry vines with all the
dry pods thereon. It is the most sub
stantial roughage I have ever had. It
costs less to cut and put in the barn
than any I have ever saved. I plant
iall my oat land in peas-in rows, and
work them with a view of cutting af
ter every pod is- fully ripe and stems
dry, even after frost. I then cut some
fine morning till noon and haul direct
to barn in evening. A sheet or tight
wagon body will save all the shattered
peas, and in rainy days I thresh out
seed from this store of vines. The
dry vines are interwoven with long.
dry pods. so rich and nutritious that
you wonder why you had not with com
placency *atched the showers and
heavy dews ripen the crop into greater
value to b6 quickly and safely har
vested, instead of worrying when the
, first pods ripen.
Our best farmers who realize the
feeding value of dry vines and ripe
peas grown in the corn fields, and the
quick and cheap manner of saving the
same, feed their horses and mules al
most entirely on this forage and sell
their surplus corn to the more improvi
dent. They usually plant corn in four
to five foot rows, and at the proper
time plant peas liberally in the middle
of the corn rows, and after the corn is
cut and shocked or otherwise gathered
run.the mower between the corn rows.
In order to do this taKe an old mower
and cut about tevo feet off the cutter
bar and shorten all up so it will run
between the rows without cutting the
cornstalk: or new mower, cutting three
feet can be bought that will run, be
tween the corn rows, thereby saving
the dry peas and vines--both for seed
and forage-after leaving portions of
the field for pasture if desired. A short
mower that will run between corn
rows cutting vines and grass is one of
the most valuable farm implements.
M. F. B., in Southern Cultivator.
A subscriber at McLauren, Miss.,
asks what should be done about the
plant lice, the aphids, that get upon
and multiply to a ruinous degree on
many cultivated plants, cucumbers,
Professor Smith, in his Economic En
--As a general insecticide, nothing is
better than kerosene emulsion, which.
when diluted ten times with water,
kills all the young forms and adults of
the green species.
"It has been found by experiment
that the black or brown species are
much more difficult to destroy, and one
part of emulsion in six or eight parts
of water is more likely to be effective.
"Fish oil soap does the work at the
rate of one pound in six gallons of
water; or, as against the brown~ spe
cies. one pound to four gallons of water.
"Thoroughness of applicatIon is al
ways essential. It must be remem
bered that these poisons act by clog
ging the spiracles - the openings by
which the breathing is done-or by en
tering into the body through them.
"Unless the application is thorough,
the insects may be weakened but not
killed, or, if rendered helpless for a
time, they may recover, and a second
dose becomes necessary, where one
dose. more thoroughly applied, would
have been sufficient.
'Where it is not advisable to app~ly
either of the materials just mentioned.
tobacco can be employed with good
prospects of success, either as a decoc
tion or as a very finely ground pow
A great idea about all this annoyance
with plant lice is that they ought to be
fought "just as soon as they are no
ticed: the longer the delay the weake;'
News of the Day.
The story of the transfer of James
H. Hyde's stock in the Eqitable Life
Assurance Society to Thomas F. Ryan
wvas told before the investigating com
mittee in New York.
Two persons were killed and ne-trly
50 injured in a wreck near New Cas
District Attorney Jerome is serious
ly ill at his home in New York.
A Nebraska farmer and his wife
went insane from the loneliness and
monotony of their life and were found
wandering in Chicago.
Gen. John R. King was given a
diamond first commander - in - chief,s
badge by the Grand Army of the Rce
publie at its annual business meeting.
Mrtial law has been declared in
Tokio, where 10) Christian churches
were burned by mobs.
Morroco has apologized and paid an
indemnity to France for arresting a