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PROGRESS IS MADE
An Exhaustive Statement Concercing
TROUBLE STiLL IN SOME QUARTERS
- t -
An Outbreak of Ladronism Recently.
Sentiment for Immediate Indenpen
dence-Troublesome Questions Yet
to Be Solved.
San Frz'neisco, Special.--In an in
terview with an Associated Press
represenative, Secretary of War W.
H. Taft, w'ho arrived on the Korea
from ihe Philippines ,after describ
ing various ineidents of the trip to
Japan. referred to the political situ
ation in the Philippines, saying:
"The -rlitical situation in some re
spects was not as good as it ought to
be. A wave of ladronism has swept
over the province of Cavite, and it has
been found necessary to suspend the
writ of habeas corpus in the province
of Cavite and Batangas, the neighbor
ing province. The same was true of
Samar, bat the use of troops on Samar
and the use of the supreme court of
the United States and constabulary in
Cavite has put an end to this busi
ness; however, there were two or three
men responsible for the keeping up
of the ladronism, who had not been
captured. Complaints were made
against the constabulary and while
many of them were unfounded, it
was probably true that a change in
th constabulary ought to be effected,
and it is now under consideration by
the government. The distressing agri
cultural depression, due to the loss
of 75 per cent. of the agricultural
cattle, drought, locust and the cholera
as well as other causes, will probably
not cease to be for several years. This
naturally subjects the government to
criticism because this alien govern
ment is much more likely to be criti
cized for existing conditions, however,
free from blame in respect to them,
than a native government.
"Some of the younger men of edu
cation have been advocating immed
iate independence. It, therefore, be
came necessary to state with consider
able emphasis the policy of the admin
istration on this subject and to say
that in the opinion of the administra
tion there' was no possible hope for
independence short of a generation,
because the people could not be fitted
for self government in that time: in
deed, it will probably take a much
" The party consisted, as is known,
.of Democratic as well as Republican
senators and congressmen, and their
interviews represent a! sides of the
Philippine question, but, with a self
restraint and moderation which can
not be too highly commended, it was
tacitly agreed between the members
of the congressional party on both
sides that it would be most unwise
for them to discuss before the Fili
pinos their differences of opinion, and
therefore that any statement should
be made by the representative of the
administration as to the policy of po
litical administration. Heuce the
sight of which some of the irrecon
cilable Filippinos had hoped for, to
wit: A constant combat between
Republican and Democratic members,
with the Filipino people as an au
dience. was not presented, and I can
not express too emphatically my ap
preciation of the patriotic stand wich
our Democratie brethren took in this
matter in remitting a diffusion of dif
ferences of opinion to the proper rep
7esentatives in congress.
"While the conditions in the Philip
pines are not as favorable as we would
like to have them and probably will
not be favorable until the depressing
conditior.s shall be followed by a pros
perous season, still progress is being
made. The government is more efneci
ent men are being eliminated and
things are settling to business. Eco
nomy is being practiced more and
more in the government. Filipinos are
being introduced very rapidly to the
place of Americans and on the whole,
in looking back over two* years, de
cided steps forward have been taken.
"Of the gaestions which were open
when we started on this trip and in
the settlement of which it was hoped
the trip might lend aid, one was the
establishment of a special tribunal
the hearing of disputed questions in
relation to possess ion of churches and
rectories and cemeteries. I am glad
to say tthat before we reached the
islantis a satisfactory law had been
enacted, which, it is hoped, will rap
idly dispose of these cases. The law
refers the issues directly to the su
" There was also remainig unset
tied a question about the title to one
half of the frair lands-those owned
previously by the Deminician order.
After a conference with the represen
tatives of the vendors, a satisfactory
compromise was effected by which
good title to the lands will be imu
mediately conveyed to the government
and possession given, as far as that
possession is in the vendors, and the
difference as to price, a matter of
some $200,000, will be leftI to adjust
ment by arbitration.
St. Petersburg, By Cable.--The Rlus
soJapanese treaty will be signed d1ur
ing the first drg:s of next week. Mr.
Witte. who had a long interview and
luntcon with Foreign Minister L~ar.s
dorf. will be received at Pet erhof, and
'iv fhe emperor a report on~ the con
ferece(. but the treaty itself will be
taken to Peterh~of by Count Lamsdorf,
whose counter signature will complete
the exection of the instrnment.
GAINED OVER ONE BILLiUON DOLLARS
How the Cotton Crcp in Six Years
Has inc:as:d in Value.
e i mar ourc'e of SOuth
ern wea.h. (ot:to. .::l the me:mmi
to the Soutl of its higher prie.. the
Baltin:ore M1anu:aenrers Rtecord
says. under date of Se'. 25'j
lThe total value of the last six
cotton crops. not countini:. tle seed.
has paid to tlo, farmers was just a
little over $3..000.000,000, while for
the preceding six years the total, seed
likewise not inciluted. was 3lS00,0U0,
000, a differenceri in the last six years
over the preeeding six-year period in
favor of Southern farmers of $1,200,
.It is quite uncertain whether dur
ing tnhe six years of low prices. in
which the crop averaged only $300,
000.000 a year, there was not an ac
tual loss to the producers-certainly
if there was no loss, it was simply
swapping dollars without profit-but
during the last six years of higher
prices the Southern farmers have
gotten on their feet financially. They
have received an average of $500,
000,000 a year for their cotton. and
to this might be added. in round fig
ures, about $50,000,000 a year from
the seed. The increase of $1,000,000.
000 during the last six years over the
preceding six is nearly twice as much
as the entire national banking capital
of the United States, it is more than
the total savings bank deposits of
all New England.
"For the first few years of this
period the profit on cotton growing
at these better prices was absorbed
in vaying up the debts whica had
accumulated during the low-priced
period, but, with debts out of tLe way
and the farmers -.n good shape, they
have been stimulated into making
many improvements as to better
homes, better farm machinery and
more of the conveniences which add
to the comnort and happiness of life.
"The towns and villages and cities
of the South have shared in the pros
perity of the farmers, and 'added to
the prosperity brought about by the
higher price of cotton; has been the
great increase in the production of
foodstuffs-grain and meats. frits
and vcgetables-and a vast ernansion
in railroad and industrial 'nterests.
It is no wonder, in view of these
facts, that as recently pointed out in
the Manafacturers' Record, the as
sessed value of Southern property is
now increasing at the rate of $250,
000,000 a year, while the true value
of Southern property is probably in
creasing at more than double that."
Fireworks Factory Destroyed.
New York, Specil.-By the explo
sion of a large quantity of powder the
fireworks factory of Joseph Speizo in
Greenpoint, was totally desthoyed.
Speizo 's sixteen years old son. Anto
nio, was instantly killed and his wife
and two younger boys and a work
man were seriously injured. The ex
plosion shook buildings within a ra
dius of a mile and for a time it was
believed that many persons had been
killed. All members of the Speizo
family worked in the factory, a small
frame structure in an open lot, in
which they turned out saluting bombs
for use in Italian festivals. This in
volved the use of much black powder
quantities of which were scattered
over the work benches. Joseph Spei
zo, the proprietor, was absent, the
place being in charge of his eldest
son, Manuel, who escaped unhurt
when an alarm was raised by one of
the younger boys that an explosion
Martin H. Littleton Declir.es.
New York, Special.-Borough pres
ident, Martin W.Little, of Brooklyn,
made public a statement declaring
that lhe had learned his name was to
be presented to the fusion conference
as ~a candidate for mayor, and that
he wouild not accept the nomination.
Foraker's Creates A Stir.
Washington, Special.-Senator For
aker of Ohio who caused quite a stir
by declaring in speech at Bellfontain
that lie was opposed to conferring
rate making power on interstalte
commssi on is annoyed by newspape1
comments which make it appear his
utterances indicate that he has fallen
out with the Precsidcnt. "it is
true,'' lhe said. "That the Presiden!
favors this power be confe~rred on the
commision and that I opposed1 it, but
there is no radical disagreement be
tween the President and myself.''
Five Men Meet Death.
Philadelphia, Pa., Special.-A rear
end collision between the cast bound
New York Limited Express from St.
Louis and a local passenger tramn
which was standiag at the Paoli sta
tio of the Pennsylvania railroad. 19
miles wvest ef this city, resulted in the
death of fr~e men and the Injuring
f more than twenty others.
Gudlty of Wii'e Murder.
Covington, Ga.. Special.-The .iury
in the case of Columbus W. 'Walker,
charged with wife murder Mon
day at 5 o'clock: returned a err'
diet of guilty. with recomendation for
ife imrisonnment. The jury was out
less than forty nunutes.
The chiildire! of' Walker testi.:ed in
his behalf. The verdicet was contraryV
to the expectation of the public.
Norway Accepts .Peace Terms.
Christ inia. Norway, :specia.-All
idiatons point to theC aeceptaace by
Norwe'ans generally of the terms of
the egreement reachedL at Karlstad,
hough at present some persons are in
lined to severely eriticize the Nor
gaa(41 con:issitoner's for conceding
so muhl to Sweden. As far as the As
o'iated I'ress has been able to ascer
am tile result meets the approval of
the... gratbl of conservative opin
TEXTILE NIYSO INTERESTf
Notes of Southern Cotton Mills and
Other Manufacturing Enterprises.
Big Cotton Mill Plant.
The purchasers of the Tennessee
Manufacturing Co.7s bi- cotton mill
plant will spend $205.000 for new
machinery with which to fit up Mill
No. 2, which is to be run by W. R.
Odell and associates. Not long since
it was announced that Mr. Odell, of
North Carolina, and a number of local
capitalists had purchased the Tennes
see Manufacturing Co.'s property in
North Nashville for $145,000. That
these gentlemen are in earnest is
shown by the fact that they have
taken out their cha::ter, that it has
been registered at the office of the
Secretary of State and the company is
now in existence. The capital stock
of the company is placed at $200,000,
and the new concern is to be known
by the corporate name of the Warioto
Cotton Mills. The purchasers will
hardly get possesion of the property,
however, before July 1, 1906, owing to
the fact that George Goodwin has a.
lease on it until that time. Mill No. 1
been sold to the Morgan Hamilton
Co., to be used by them as a bag fact
ory. The incorporators of the Wari
oto Cotton Mills will meet for organi
zation on Sept. 2S. The incorporators
are J. B. Morgan, William Nelson,
Joseph H. Thompson, Edwin Warner
and M. J. Smith.
Change in Management.
An almost complete change i:n the
management of the Union Cotton
Mills, was e.ffected at a meeting of the
stockholders recently. At this meet
ing, four directors and the treasurer,
T. C. Duncan, resigned and in the
subsequent election the following well
known and substantial business men
were elected directors of the Union
Cotton Mills: Emslie Nicholson, presi
dent Monarch Cotton Mills; T. C.
Duncan, president Union and Buffalo
Mills, all of Union: H. C. Fleitman,
capitalist, New York; W. M. Win
chester, banker, Spartanburg; E. W.
Roberson, Banker, Columbia, Direc
tors Buffalo Mills: F. M. Farr, pres
dent National Bank; A. H. Foster,
capitalist; T. C. Duncan, all of Union:
with the same out-of-town directors
as the Union Mills.
Mr. E. W. Roberson, of Columbia,
was electec. treasurer of both mills,
and has entire management of the fi
Expert accountants are 'now going
over the books of the Buffalo Mills
and until their reports are handed
in nothing can be known of the lia
bilities of the mill.
The Union Cotton Mill runs 96,000
spindles and 2,300 looms, has a capital
stock of $1,1000,000. and employs
1,200 persons. The equipment of the
Buffalo Mill comprises 64,000 spindles
and 2,000 looms, 800 p)eople being em
Power and Mill Company.
The Anthony Shoal Power and Mill
Company has been purchased by John
H. Fitzpatrick, of Washington, Ga.
He expects to spend several hundred
thousand dollars in developing this
power, and will begin work at once.
Within a radius of 40 miles there is
now being used more than 50,000
steam horse power, at a cost of from
$36 to $50 per horse power, all of
which he will be in a position to
furnish at a lower rate. The shoals
are located' about half-way between
Washington and Tiber ton, and as sooni
as the power is developed Mr. Fitz
patrick will have all rarangements
made for building an electric line be
tween the two places. He also ex
pects to build a cotton factory at
Washington and at the Shoals.
The State has chartered the Flora
Cotton Mill Company to build and
operate mills there to manufacture
arns and cloth. The authorized cap
ital stock is $400,000, of which $15,000
has been paid in by Henry W. Lily,
W. D. McNeill and J. K. S. Ray. Half
the stock is preferred and on this 7
per cent. and no more is guaranteed.
At the last meeting of the Augusta
council, Gwin H. Nixon applied for
water power for the Wt~rvick Mills,
which a part of capitalists had pur
chased from the city. Council left the
matter in the hands of a committee,
who returned a favorable answer to
Mr. Nixon. The opening of the mill
will mean a larger output of cotton
goods. Mr. Nixon, when seen in re
gard to the matter, refused to mako
any statement except to admit that
the mill would be re-opened, but it is
generally rumored on the street that
the corlooration intends building up
the property with the intcntion of
making a sale,
The Rhode IslandMill is havina
plans and specifications prepared for
the erection of a 100 by 200 foot ad
dtion to its building. It was announ
ced in June that the enlargement had
been decided upon and that 200 looms
would be installed. The looms will
weave cotton blankets. About $12.
000 will be the cost of improvements.
The Swift Manufacturing Company
will probably let the contract for its
new cotton mill about October 1.
The Eagle and Phoenix Mills have
received two more car-loads of looms
for their new weaving rooms, which
are beinz fittedl with four box Cromp
toil & Knowles looms. Six more cars
are expected in a few days.
will be quite a handsome improvement
and will mean something like $100.,000
more invested in cotton manufactu
~inz in Columbus.
It seems to be an established fast
that tine Dukes at Durhanm will, at an
earl da start up the Coleman Mill.
The Press. on Good 1oads.
tta HE columns of the newa
papers of the land may aI
O jO ways be depended upon for
. accurate showing of the
trend of public opinion on
proposed national legislatior. The
honest press is but the mouthpiece of
an enlightened nieople. We give space
below to some extracts from leading
papers on the qiestion of National aid
to highway improvement-as follows:
Ceveland,Ohio. Leader: It is worthy
of note that the pressure in the direc
tion of National aid in road building
is becoming strcnger all the time.
Manufacturers' record: The Gov
ernment, in aiding to build roads,
would - stimulate industrial activity,
while it woulif, a: the same time,
arouse the highest ambition in the
itizen, command his loyalty and insure
an ardent patriotism.
Atlanta Cons:itution: The Brown
lowi bill has much to commend it: and
it stands for a sound. worthy principle
of government. designed to benefit not
a class, but the whole people. The
good roads agitation is beginning to
Chicago Tribune: It is difficult to
see how anyone can believe in National
responsibility for internal improve
ments without favoring National aid
for road building.
Binghamton. N. Y.. Leader: It is
widely hoped that the policy of Federal
aid will be found to be applicable to
the construction of good roads. In
scarcely any ot2er way could the Na
tional purse be opened with the pros
pect or possibLlity of contributing so
nearly to th& general advantage. Spe
cial interests have for so long a time
and so exclusively felt the invigorat
ing influence of the Government's
beneficence that it is really about time
that something was done for the gen
eral interest. A small part of the taxes
the people pay nay properly and justly
be used for the people's benefit.
New York Press: Congress has no
more widely useful measure of domes
tic legislation in hand than is contem
plated in the bil1 put forward by Rep.
resentative Brownlow and Senator Gal
linger to give National aid to the good
Jacksonxille, Fla., Metropolitan: The
passage of what is known as the
Brownlow bill by Congress would be
merial help and bring results much
earlier than the slow and limited plan
of county ar d S tate taxation.
Northfield, Vermont, News: The
idea of Government aid in State road
building is everlastingly right, and un
less such aid is given it will be many
years before the small States will
have much of this needed improve
Philadelphia Telegraph: The pur
poses of this bill should unquestion
ably receive the hearty approval of
every thinking man in 'the United
States, without respect to political or
Chattanooga, Tenn., Times: We ire
cordially in accord with Mr. Brown
low in the matter, and we trust that
the people who are to be so greatly
benefited by the proposed law will get
back of the Congressman and hold up
his hand with an enthusiasm and an
energy that will give him infiuence in
carrying forward his project. It is not
necessary here to argue for the vast
good to be accomplished by the inau
guration of the plans contemplated by
Nashville, Tenn., 'Agriculturist:
"Better roads" is the exclamation com
ing up from the agricultural classes
in all the States, and it should have
such a power behind it that Congress
will not hesitate to pass such a law.
The above hurriedly gathered ex
cerpts are from leading papers. We
might overrun our columns with simi
Jar expressions from other equally
prominent prints, but these suffice for
the present. They are taken from
hearings submitted in the last Con
gress and printed in Senate Document
No. 204, FIfty-eighth Congress, 2d Ses
sion. Write to your Senator for a copy
of this document, and receive a mass
of most useful information on the road
Do Good Roada Pay?
The following Item Is taken from a
Jacksonville (Fla.) exchange:
.f you will call upon J. C. Slorh,
real estate dealer, he will tell you of a
small tract of land near the new object
lesson road that a few months ago
was offered for sale at $600. That.
along with other property near this
new road grew in value, and when he
had an offer for this same tract o?'
$200 he found it had just been so'ld
at $2700. and his offer of $.3200, which
*was over five times its former rate,
would not buy the property. This ir.
(..e:s in value all came from the~
iilding of this sample road. The -
(rease in value of this small tract
would pay for over one-half mile of
the cost of the road, and the increased
vmlue of the abutting properties for
one-half mile would pay the cost of
building or extending this line a dis
tance of ten miles.
The improvement in prices at which
lands are sellibg along these rock
roads wherever they have been built
will be from file to ten times its foi
mner value. If this is so, or if we are
ure property w .11 even double in vahuc
should we not improve our principal
ighways at the earliest possible day?
crowns That Eave cone A-flerging.
ter crowns in recent times have
one a-begging. notably that of Greece,
which was ref used by our sailor-prince,
Alfred: of Spain. which was hawked
alout a good deal after its final refusal
by Prince Leopiold of Hlohenzollern,
and of Bulgaria. which was offered to
A N7ew Sport.
Th- urst day's crnsade against th
do of Penang. whe~re hydrophobia
prvails, resulted in the very good bag
o 120 for three guns, and it is report:ed
that the idea cf dog-hunting has
caught on among Eur:peans.-Singa
CAMPING IN THE FROZEN NORTH
Alluring Picture of Tent Life When It's
You no awnkoned in the bittc' dark
ness of t f rly mornfIng-by the sound
of the camp111) 4!!)-, moving amom: the
froz-n pailk of, r'fuse. You hear their
padding fo1ts1teps passi-ng ti1s w.,y and
that outside of the tents and the brush
In of their bodies against the eanvas
walls. Then you hear the sound of
chopping wood where someone Is -t
work in the starlight. One of the men
stirs and rises in the darkness. The
tent is bitter >ld with everything
frozen hard as iron. You hear the
man fumbling around in the darkness
for the matches, and presently he
strikes one and lights a candle, and in
the sudden light I see it is Xavier Gill.
Presently he begins chopping the wood
for the stove and his big round shadow
moves uncouthly and grotesquely about
the walls as the flame of the candle
wavers in the draught of the cold air.
He makes a fire, and in a moment the
flame is rushing up the stovepipe,
which gradually becomes a dull red
with the gushing heat. Gill stands
with his back to the stove, and pres
ently the other man rises and joins
him. Then you yourself move reluct
antly in your warm swaddling of furs
and with some effort crawl out into
the bitter cold and join the others
around the stove. None of you speak,
but each absorbs the scanty heat in
silence. But by and by, warmed to
some return of life, you peep out of
the tent; the sky is like black crystal,
the stars shining with an incredible
effulgence. From the stovepipes of the
other tents rockets of flame are gush
ing up into the air; showers of sparks
rise up into the night high overhead
hover, waver, and then sink dwindling
upon the tent and the surrounding
snow. You look at the thermometer
hanging against a tree and see by the
light of a match that it is forty de
grees below zero. By this time the
smell of cooking is filling the silent
frozen spaces of the darkness, and you
re-enter the tent to hug again the
warmth of the stove with a huge appe
tite for the rude breakfast of melted
grease and gilletes.-Frank E. Schoon
over, in Scribner's.
A Ferpetual Catendar.
Notwithstanding the disastrous re
suIts attending the attempts of French
scientists at the time of the revolution
to reform the calendar, this subject
seems still to interest certain indi
viduals, and the most recent proposi
tion comes from M. Camille Flam
marion, the well-known astronomer,
who intends to recommend to the
French Chamber of Deputies a bill to
make compulsory a new calendar he
has devised. M. Flammarion would
commence the year at March 21, the
vernal equinox, and divide it into
quarters, each containing two months
of thirty days and one month of thirty
one days. Consequently the year would
consist of 364 days, and there would
remain an extra, or fete, day which
would not belong to any single month.
Leap-years would be marked by two
such fete days. The new calendar is
so designed that the same dates would
always occur on the same days of the
week, and one cilendar would answer
for every year.-Harper's Weekly,
Standing Room Only.
Mark Twain, in his lecturing days.
reached a small eastern town one
afternoon and went before dinner to a
barber's to be shaved.
"You are a stranger in the town,
sir?" the barber asked.
"Yes. I am a stranger here," was
"'We're having a good lecture here
to-night, sir," said the barber. "A
Mark Twain lecture. Are you going
"Yes, I think I will," said Mr. Clem
"Have you got your ticket yet?" the
"No, not yet." said the other.
"Then, sir, you'll have to stand."
"Dear me'" Mr. Clemens exclaimed.
"It seems to me as if I always do have
to stand when I hear that man Twain
lecture."-Buffalo Enquirer. --
To Hionor a Bravo Sherim.
A movement is under way in Missis
sippi to raise a monument to John M.
Poag. Sheriff of Tate County. who was
murdered in the county jail on April
12 by a mob from which he was de
fending a prisoner. The project is
under the direction of the John M.
Poag Monument Association, with
headquarters at Senatobia, which
point out that "while other sheriffE
have lost their lives in the discharge
of their duties, this is the only in
stance where a sheriff voluntarily,
fought a mob to his death in the pro
tection of a prisoner where to do si
meant his certain death." ".No man,"
says Giv. Vardaman. "ever died at a
better time or for a better cause."
New York World.
First Aid to the Injured.
On a rock-stresyn beach on the Corn
ish coast the fury of a violent storm
was just abating. A vessel had gone
to pices on the rocks, and after a dis
play of much heroism on the part of
the villagers all the crew and pas
sengers had ben saved, with the ex
ce~tion of one nian. He had been
washed ashore apparently drowned,
and the new curate knelt at his side
on the beach, endeavoring to restore
"My friends," he said, turning to the
villagers. "how do you usually proceed
in these cases?"
As one man the simple folk replied:
"Search his pockets." - Harper
Rlussiant Duintr or up !Uon,1s.
The Darmistadter Banik, of Berlin,
committed a terrible indiseretion at the
ime of the issue of the last Japanz'sC
loan. In communicating the invitation
to subscribe to its friends it included
hose on the other side of the Russian
order. It wvas embarrassed to find
that some of its Russian friends did
not despise the chance of a premium
on the new issue.-Wall Street Journal.
X-flay on M~umm'ies.~
At the second Rtoentgen Congress,
recently in session in Berlin. Dr. Al
bers-Schonbrg said that in exper'i
menting with the Egyptian mummies
500 years old he had been able to ob
tain as satisfaetory views of their
be sin thae living body.-New York
U TH EHR N *: f
7OPICS OF ikyEREST TO THE PLANT
Turnips-A Valaable Crop.
The Savannah Weekly News recom
mends turnips. Whether you relish
them as food for yourself and family
or not, they are a profitable crop to
grow for stock feed. Fcr the latter
purpose we would advise gIanting only
the cowhorn variety. It grows rapidly
and will furnish more feed per acre
than any other variety eicept the ruta
The turnip is certainly n' valuable
crop used to the best advantage and
it is no exaggeration to say thlat it is
a sorely neglected crop here in the
If turnips were valued to the extent
that they should be there would be
twenty times the area devoted to their
Even as a table vegetable the turnip
Is worthy of a higher appreciation
than it receives. It is an excellent
food for all healthy stomachs. As
much more or less space should be
given it in the kitghen garden and two
seasons appropriate to their culture
early spring and early autumn.
There is no crop easier to grow than
this, once the soil is properly prepared
to receive the seeds.
August is the month for sowing for
all the rough-leaf varieties. Septem
ber is the next best month. The land
should be in a good state of prepara
tion by August 10, and it is well to
sow just after a good rain wets the
soil and compacts it. It is not safe to
sow on freshly turned soil, as it dries
off so fast. Unless it rains very soon
after the seeds are likely to spoil before
To make a big crop of turnips it is
always well to mix several kinds to
gether, at least three.
A good mixture is flat Dutch, Cow
horn and Aberdeen, and if possible,
add also Purple Kashuyre and Yellow
Globe. The seeds should be'well mixed
together in equal proportions and sown
freely enough to insure a stand. Seeds
are cheap, and it pays to get a perfect
stand at the start.
On land at all rich, it is not difficult
to make at leazt 500 bushels of turnips
on an acre.
On the dairy farm, or where hogs
and sheep are kept, turnips have a
value much beyond what mere chem
ical analysis would show: .them to be
worth. A certain amount of succu
lent food is very essential to.the health
of animals in the winter when there
is no grass or other green food. In
the total absence of all other green
food there may be times on the dairy
farm where there are very fine cows
when turnips may well be valued as
high as $1 per bushel. A peck of them
fed even In one meal or two may ward
off or cure indigestion frequently and
thus prevent worse ills.
Turnips boiled with cottonseed Is one
of the best and cheapest milk-produc
ing feeds that we can use in the South.
They can be produced at a 'cost of five
cents per bushel, easily, but if they
cost three times that sum, they ought
to be largely grown on every farm, es
pecially for cattle, -hogs arid sheep.
Horses and mules, too, will be bene
fited by a small feed of them In the
absence of other green food. -The
sulphur that Is in turnips .tends to
make them a healthy food that purifies
the blood, promoting a healthy appe
tite. By all means, sow one acre* and
see if 500 bushels cannot be made and
very easily, too. Top diess with ma
nure and the land will be in fine con
dition for the following crop.
Utilzing lIand Separafors. 2
T. C. Claiborne -writes: "After, reed
ing our calves we have'sIx gallons of
milk daily, which is set in dish pans
in a cool cellar and churned every'sec
ond day. In the fall and win~ter we
get satisfactory results, but at this sea
son there seems to be very little cream
and butter. '5We have thought the sap
py condition of young grass the cause.
I should like fresh skim milk for the
calves, and think perhaps a- separator
would pay. -Any suggestions .will be
Answer: The troulble you are exper
lencing with your milk Is noi; ufisual,
at this season of the year. The cream-.
ing of milk, as you, probably know, de
pends largely on the specific gravity
between the milk serum which con
tains the solids not fat andL the fat
globules. When the fat globules rise
to the surface, which they ordinarily
do because they are lighter than the
milk, they constitute the cream. It
has been definitely shown by repeated
experiments that milk creams more
rapidly when thoroughly chilled imme
diately after milking than under any
other conditions. This is due in a
large measure to the fact that the Im
mediate chilling of the milk prevents
the formation of fibrin and other like
substances found in minute quantities
In milk, but yet sufficient in amount to
entangle the fat globules as they rise
to the surface and hold them within
its mesh. The formation of fibrin
takes place rapidly in milk freshly
drawn from the cow and which has not
News of the Day.
In the explosion on the battleship
Mikasa it is now reported that 256I
were killed and 343 wounded.
His physicians say that Baron Ko
mura, who is ill in a New York hotel.
has typhoid fever.
Russian and Japanese generals met
Russian and Japanese generals met
at Shaboth, Manchuria, to arrange an.
armistice between the armies of 0,'
ama and Linevitch.
Supreme Chancellor Shively has de
cided that no negro can legally be a
member of the Knights of Pythias.
The investigation of the "LU
wreck in New York, which killed and
wounded 40 pesn Monday, we be
Frederick Cromwell. treasurer of
the Mutual Life Insurance Company.
dlelivered an extended defense of th<
syndicate and trust company scee
in connection with insurance compan
ies, before the New York legislatin
A RM *9 /10TES.
R. STOCKMAN ANO TRUCK GROWER.
been immediately chilled. Therefore,
it is easy to understand why your
milk, under the conditions mentioned
in your letter, does not cream satisfac
torily during the warm weather. f
-nder your conditions a hand separ
ator will solve most of the difficulties
with which you have to contend and
'enable you to secure virtually all the
fat in the milk without much r kded
labor. The centrifugal force gener
ated by' the separator is so powerful
that it overcomes the action of the
lbrin and enables the perfect separa
tion of the milk and cream. Besides
that it leaves the skim milk in an ideal
condition for feeding calves or other
young stock which may be maintained
on the farm. Furthermore, by skim
ming the milk and adding such ad
juncts as flaxseed jelly with a little
dry corn and bran you can raise just
as good calves as you now raise on the
whole milk. By the use of a separator
therefore, you can economize in sev
eral directions and obtain more satis
factory results than you are securing
to-day. A good hand separator large
enough to handle the product from six
to ten cows can be purchased for from
$50 to $70, and you can save enough
milk fat in the course of a year or two
to more than pay for the machine. A
hand separator If properly cared for
will last for several years, and is com
paratively simple to operate, but it re
quires competent supervision. By the
use of a separator you get all the fat
in the milk and you reduce the bulk of
cream which it is necessary to cool by
spring water or other artificial means
to the minimum.
While grass tends to increase the
flow. of milk, as do other succulent
foods, it does not of necessity reduce
the *amount of fat, and it would be
more likely to favorably affect the
creaming of milk 'than to retard it,
Your difficulty, as already explained,
is due to other causes. - Professor
The Sheep Industry
Certainly the high price of wool will
stimulate the raising of sheep in the
South. We have always liked sheep,
and deplored the fact that so few were
rased in the South. If you asked a
farmer why he did not raise sheep, he
would reply, "he feared the ravages
of the dogs." Now, every phase of
farin operations has its drawbacks,
but it seems very weak to give way to
such an obstacle. If our farmers
would set themselves to the task, we
are confident they could find out a way,
to restrain the hungry cur within
proper bounds. Think of the wool sell
ing in Georgia at thirty-two cents a
pound. We met a farmer while attend.
ing the institute in Douglas, Ga., who
said: "I have not sold my cotton yet."
We replied, "You should sell now while
you can get ten cents, and then yoiz
could settle up, and bold your new cot
ton if the price went below ten cents.''
He said, "I have no selling to do. I
sold several hundred dollars' worth of
wool here last week, and I have no
need for the money for my cotton."
We wish there were a thousand more
like him, who were growing wool and
mutton enough to pay their expenlses;
It would help much in the cotton-hold
ing movement. Of course it would be
foolish to go into sheep raising, ex
pecting wool to remain at present high
price. But you can rely upon this
that our country is get*.inig so thickly
settled and our cities are growing so
rapidly, that both -mutton and wool will
always bring sufficiency zhgh prices to
repay any careful shepherd. We hope
many farmers will I d a. smali flock
of some good breed of she~ep to the live
stock property upon their farms. We
are proud that several men in South
Georgia can'count their flocks by the
thousand. If you propose to branch
out any, be sure to include sheep in
your lIst. It will 'M no more difficult
to contend with the en'emies which be
et the sheep, than it will be the black
root, rust, caterpillar, boll worm and
the boll weevil upon you cottonu
'Growing the Dewberry.
Farm and Home contains an illus
trated article on growing the dewberry.
It recomenids setting about three by
five feet, on good soil. The canes are
allowed to run on the ground the first
year. Breaking the vines when culti
vating is prevented by always running
the cultivator the same way. Early
in the spring, before growth com
mences. build a low trellis by setting
posts along the rows about ten feet
apart and rising above the ground only
one foot; on each post nail a cross piece
two feet long. Stretch a light wire
along the outer end of these arms, on
each side: No. 10 or 12 will be heavy
enough. Tie up the canes on the wires
equally on each side. This trellis will
keep the fruit up out of the dirt and
make it much easier for the pickers to
get all the berries.
The "publie domain" Is stil nearly
ou-third of the whole country.
The situation in the Caucasus is
nore alarming, fully 1,000 persons
having been shot down, according to
Cholera is spreading steadily in
Prussia. where 13 new cases develop
ed in 24 hours.
Venzueala has expelled the manag
er of the French Cable Company be
cause he pretested against the closing
of the company;s offices.
Police reports state that 400 police
men and firemen were wounded in
the Tokio riots, w~hile nine civitlians
were killed and 4Si wounded.
Western learning is to be made an
essential to employment in the Chin
as civil service.
Five thousand mineworkers parad
e at Mahanioy City, Pa., in honor of
Joxn Mitehell, president of the mine
The book of life will be good read
ing of His Word is on the pages of