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JHE LAND OF REGRETJ
There is a city whose gates are wide,
Its pavements pure and clean,
Where shadow forms flit -side by side
On -the road called "Might Have Been."
Rut, folks waik there with their heads
And heavy eyelids wet.
kor ev'ry corner is haunted sa
In this, "The Land of Regret."
They meet the ghosts of those other years
In dreams of memory sweet.
And wet with passionate. irenzied teai*
The graves which lie at their feet:
But never. long as their lives shall last,
athe again forget
.Who once have walked with ghosts of the
In this. -"The Land of Iegret."
'ey feel the touch of hand grown still,
It, fingers sort.y press.
Te tender passion of kitse! Ithr
T 'ir own in a fond caress.
h :ne-hat pity the foik, vho .tray
Wnere long the sun hath set.
Awi wa!k with the ghosts who're laid away
l : i "Th Land of Rezret.
-Pa!! "M14:1 tmzr .Q
' TilE CREW TAT %
S FFERED FROM TllIRST:
.,;0 ' !s sixty years sInce I was
serving as a midshipman
P0j o on board IH. 'M. S. Xeno
phon in the South Seas.
, he was one of the finest
frigates then adoat.
From Callao, twelve, degrees south
latitude. we were ordered to proceed
to San Bias. a port on the coast of
Mexico. in twenty-three and one-half
degrees north latitude. The distance
being about 2400 miles. the passage
through both trade winds as a rule
occupied three weeks, and for this the
Xenophon carried more than a full
supply of water, so thaL it occurred to
mo one to suppose we should run short
of the first becessa'ry of life. We left
Callao on February 16. and on the
eleventh day out the Galapagos group
was sighted. and we came to an anenor
in Post Office Bay, Charles Island.
Here we hoped to replenish our water
tanks, but no water could be obtained,
and we sailed without any further
supply. It was from this time that our
ill luck began.
For sixteen days we remained be
calned within sight of land, drifting
to and fro. crossng and recrossing the
equator with wearying irritation. On
the seventeeth day we got a slant of
wind. and, losing sight of the islands,
hoped we were fairly off at last. But it
.vas not to be. In two days the wind
dropped again.-and we lay once more
becalmed. Thirty-six days out. and
barely one-third of the distance done!
On March 20'the order was given to
stop all water for washing purposes.
It was a. necessity, and as such it was
nccepted. but when it vas seen that
Capta'in Lordling had no intention of
setting an example, and that his own
ablutions continued daily, it is not sur
prising that he became unpopular. An
other week passed, and still we !ay at
the mercy of the wearisome calm, its
monotony broken only by an occasional
turtle hunt. It was now the seventh
week out from Callao, but still our
nebing eyes looked in vain for signs
of a coming breeze. The sails were
furled, for they were only beating
themselves threadbare with the heave
of the ship in the oily sea as they
flapped against the masts and rigging.
Coming on deck and glancing at the
sailless yards made it seem a mockery
of being at anchor in a safe port. The
sun stared vertically at us from a steel
blue sky. and under the double awnings
the pitch ran liquid from the seams.
.clogging our feet as we walked the
And in the midst of these surround
ings the order was given to reduce the
nhowance of drinking water to one
pint a day for each officer and man.
This allowance was served out in one
issue at noon. during the mna's dinner
hour. The meal consisted of salt .iunk
so long in brine and so hard that it
tould take a handsome polish in skil
ful hands. or of pork that shriveled
in the boiling to little :nore than hard
The result of such a diet. of course.
avas that when their (.inners wer over
tot a drop of water remained to the
poor fellows for the nie:t twventy-four'
hours of burning hear. The few who
tried to save some found it implossible,
for they bad no place in wvhich to se
cure it froin their improvident ship
mates. In this strait the men fell back
<m vinegar, of which each mess had a
lilerarl allowance, but in their raging
thirst they were not satisded merely
to mnoisttn their mouths with the strong
:ieid: they mixed ii with salt water and
wirank it in large (juantities. andi the
terrile( efecLt. ma beC imagined as.
knocked over by this horrible mixture,
they rolled in agonies in the forecastle.
With the o!!icers, of course, it was
different, although idC allowance of
water was the same. Trheir food was
nmot so thirst provoking; they could save
th" pre~cious pinlt, and even eke it out
wihalittle wine or b~eer'. Mine I
Ir.: Red in myl sea ch.est. ond had it been
tihe Kon-:i-noor I could11 searcely have
'*ained it rnor'e highly.
Isnt Captain Lordlinig for himself
-res\rv1 not onily an unlimite'd supply
ft drna:g water. but also an ample
someirn(-y for washing purposes.
E.very morningr the steward used to
carry tho dirty. soapy water down the
ladder on the way to his sanctum, and
ever'y doy from the marines' berth at
the foot of the ladder half a dozen or
moere stalwart Joey.s were on the look
clut fe-' his atppearamnc\. T1he instant
hie dzsc'nded t he vessel was dragged
fromp hinm and its contents eagerly di
v'ide.d among the thirsty crowd. The
steward comtp~ined: to the Captain, 'out
moitha:g camec of it.
It was deeldebd to make for Testapa,.
on the eca~st of Central Ameriea. an
anchora some 200 miles disit',t and
we arrived in:-'re wvhen sixty days out
f:rom C'allao. W can describe our
trophni ost. with its c-oral hech.im: and
taeypaltas. backed by volcantic
(1O'.'h'tdownward luntage of stremcmt
'itrret to the sea: We thought
& ~eeaid seeC io bre~ak in the
ndri :'i of snrtf whlich the
~''.P*'is sen (can:lting on the
eI.. t, ,ba sh~ 5~hitn a cargo of
indigo, that the Indans had filled their
water casks and doubtless would do the
same for ours. The boats were sent
to seek a watering place, but after
a careful survey the officer reported
that landing was absolutely impracti
eable except for the light Indian canoes
:111d ctamnarans. The Indians were
appeakdt(l to, and iiimflediately offered
to raft off a full supply of water for
the sun of $1200.
When this news spread (and spread
it (lid like wildfirei never a doubt had
we but that our thirsty souls would
drink and live. But well as we knew
our Captain, there was a little yet to be
learned about him. "Why." he said
at once, "the Admiralty might make
ue pay the money. it's too much! I
won't give it:"
Still we did not entirely relinquish
hope: a smaller offer was made to the
natives, and this they tbsolutely de
lied. Tihings having reached this
point. the senior ofticers. with the doe
tor. took the extrenme course of urging
the Captain to reconsider his decision,
poi;nting out how much the menl had
suffered and the gravily of the re
sp)n- sibility which he incurred. But
all was of no avail: our chief was ob
durate. and the sole result of their
intervention was an order to gEt under
way. The muen. therefore, who would
gladly have risked their lives to ob
tain water from the beach. had now,
without an extra drop to moisten their
parched throats, to heave up the
anchor and turn their backs on the
land of promise as we made for the
open ocean. Sore and suilen were 1ll
cur hearts, and serious consequences
might have ensued among the men had
it not been that a breeze sprang up and
their hopes with it. The great moun
tains faded in the blue distance and
night fell on the sails sweetly asleep
as the stately frigate swept through
the sea. Alas, next day the sun rose
on a breathless calm! We had not out
sailed our ill luck and it was with us
One day the clouds began to gather,
until a huge dark mass hung pendant
in the heavens. Under this the sea be
gan to boil and foam, then a long black
arm descended: a rapidly moving spiral
column of smoking water leaped to
meet it, and thus a waterspout was
formed: soon that cloud was full to
bursting. Oh! what a joy as it climbed
over our mastheads! We knew it must
burst on us! Then out of the gloom
and darkness came the blessed rain. as
if the waterspout itself had fallen.
Awnings were spread and looped up.
Hoses were laid From them to the
tanks. The scupper holes were
plugged, every receptacle was lilled.
The decks became a surging lake. in
which -ill hands rolled and drank.
Past privations were forgotten, and al
though the allowance of water was
still kept at a pin': a day. yet every
bucket and mess can was fuil, and
Jack once more cut a shuffle on the
forecastle and sang of the lass that
loves a sailor.
The seventy-seventh day from Callao
found us still some 600 miles from our
destination, with only a few tons of
water left. The sun, which had a
declination south of Callao -when we
left had overtaken us and was sending
slanting rays from the north, hut still
the heat was intense, baking our black
hull as if it were an oven.
The allowance of water was reduced
to half a pint a day, and our sufferings
were greater than ever. Not Captain
Lordling's, though! He strode up and
down the quarterdeck. healthfully jier
spiring at every pore, while on the fore
castle grim death claimed its victims
from the poor creatures who had
sought relief from their thirst in salt
water and vinegar.
Every precaution had been adopted
to prevent the me-n drinking this ap
palling mixture, but it could no': be en
tirely stopped. Case a-fter case was
brought into the sick hay and treated
)y the doctors with every care, but in
Al through this trying time th'e Cap
tan's live stock, sheep and poultry,
were supplied with no inconsiderable
amount of water, while British seamen
were thus dying for want of it. Tor
mented as the men wvere by thirst, it is
not surprising that many attempts
were made to steal water from the
deck water tank. One man would de
coy the sentry away, while another
rushed in and turned the tap. The
sentries were doubled,. and some of the
men. caught in the attempt. were
flogged. receiving after the cruel cus
tom of the time three dozen lashes of
At last, on May 20, we sighted thme
anchorage of San Bia's, and the order
was immediately given to serve out
a gallon of water to each man. Disci
pline was forgotten in the wildest, most
joyful confusion as it was issued. And
so, ninety-three days after leaving Cal
lao, our privations camne to an end.
For the last seventy-seven days of our
voae we had averaged a speed of
just one mile an hour, a reczord for
slowness which I scarcely think the
annals of sea life could beat.-M'aemil
The Chinamnan in London.
When the Londonc? wishes to study
Iohnm Chinamuan at his leisure there is
no need to go albroad for the purpose.
He has only to take a catb to the
causeway at Limehouse to find himself
in little Chinatown. There he will see
slant-eyed sons of the Orient, some
with English names and some without
-sote even wvith English or, more
likely. Irish wives-and all looking as
calmly picturesque as it is possible for
a hathen Chinee" to look, Hie wvill
find several Chinese shops with Chi
nese names cn the doors and smug Ce
lestials within waiting to cverreach
either a countryman or a Br tisher in
a i'argamin. They have been there near
iy twenty years now, and they seem
quite as clean and respectable as their
neighbors. Strange to say nobody in
that district has a word to say against
John as a citizen.-Londonl MaiL. ~
A Clever Shoplifter.
The Philadelphia police say that tney
have dis-veredl J. shoplifter, a we
mnu who brushes the vaiaable ar
tiles, such as silk waists, off counters
!m stoes. andl theni picks themi up with
her foot anid tucks them safely under
lie: dress. They claim to havce caught
the cuprit and proved her guilt.
The Boer colony established in the
sia o Chihutahua. Mexico, two years
--, is diw wellt
SATIN FINISHED MAHOGANY.
Many people prefer sat!n-finished ma
bogany furniture to the dull style, but
It only looks better while it is new.
Every finger mark and scratch shows.
To keep it in the right condition, it
should be rubbed every day.
DO NOT SHAKE A RUG.
Never shake a rug to get out the
Ilust. for it ruins the binding and
fringe, and after a few shakings the
?ges tear from the warp at the cor
ners and not only spoils the appear
'mce of the rug. but shortens the
period of its usefulness.
TO REMOVE PUTTY.
T,, remove old putty and paint. make
.i paste with soft soap and a solution
f e:iustic soda. or with slaked lime
and pearlash. Lay it on with a piece
of rag or a brush, and leave it for
several hours. when it will be found
that the paint or putty may be easily
MENDING ENIFE HANDLES.
When the handles of steel knives and
forks come off they can he easily
mended with resin. Pour a little pow
dered resin into the cavity in the han
dIe. Heat the part of the knife that
fits into the handle until it is red hot.
and thrust into the handle. It will
become firmly fixed by the resin when
it becomes cool. Protect the blade
from the heat.
CLEANING THE CARPETS.
To remove- oIl spots from carpets
drst wash out the dust from the grease
spot with warm water. mixed with
household ammonia. Next cover the
spot with a paste of fuller's earth and
water-quite stiff. Cover with paper
and leave thus for two days. Then
lay blotting paper over all and set a
warm iron upon the dry paste. Final
ly. brush out the earth and sponge
with clean water.
As a last resort to get rid of silver
moths. take the drawers from the
dressers. Wash them thoroughly with
hot alum-water. Fill a bowl with for
mldehyde and keep the room closed,
tightly for forty-eight- hours. After
the fumigation throw open the win
dows and permit the air to' enter. Fill
the drawers with cedar shavings, pow
dered. This gives a fresh odor, and
Is a protection against destructive in
vaders. Formaldehyde is a liquid that
ust not touch the skin. While evap
-rating it sets free a suffocating gas
that enters the cracks, killing all in
sects; no living thing can exist in it.
Corn Soufae-Drainl the water from
a can of co':n and stir in three table
spoonfuls of melted butter. Beat four
eggs until very light and turn with a
pint of rich milk into the corn. Sea
son well, beat for several minutes and
pour into a. buttered pudding dsish.
Cover and bake thirty minutes. Re
move the ct-ver, brown the souffle and
A Peach Dessert-Large sweet
peaches make a delicious dessert when
prepared in this manner: Peel and
halve the peaches, removing the stones.
Pack in ice and salt for three hours.
Remove anud place in individual gurss
dishes. putting into cach half a table
spoonful of peach icc-cream and sur
rounding the whole with sweetenetd
Creamed Ham With Mushrooms
Melt two tablespoonfuls of butter and
stir into it 1 1-2 tablespoonfuls of flour;
Ithen, slowly stirring all the while, pour
n one cup of hot milk. When smooth
and thick season with pepper and salt
and stir in one cupful of minced ham
and a quarter of a can of chopped
mushrooms; pour over rounds of nice
ly browned toast and garnish with
slices of hard-boiled eggs and parsley.
Grape Catchup-Wash two quarts of
grapes, pick over and remove stems.
Put in granite ware saucepan, pour
over one quart of vinegar, bring to
boiling poInt, and cook until grapes
are soft; then rub through a sieve. Re
turn to saucepan. add 1 1-2 pounds of
brown sugar, one tabl'espoonful each
of cinnamon, clove and pimento, one
half tablespoonful of salt and one
fourth of a teaspoonful of cayenne.
Cook until of the consistency of tomato
catchup. Bottle, cool and seal.
Cream Chocolate Pudding-One pint
of milk, ore-half cupful of sugar, four
eggs, four tablespoonfuls of corn
starch, two ounces of chocolate and
one teaspconful of vanilla. Put the
chocolate in a saucepan to melt. stir
ring until perfectly smooth. Put the
milk on t> boil in a farirna boiler;
moisten tt'e cornstarch with a fourth
f a cup of water and add to the boil
ing milk; cook and stir until thick and
smooth. Beat the whites of the eggs
to a stiff froth, add the sugar to the
milk, then the whites, and beat nii to
gether over the fire. Take from the
fire and add the vanilla. Now take
one-third of the mixture and add to it
the chocolate, mixing well. D ip a
plain pudding mould in cold water.
put in the bottom of it half the white
mixture, then all of the dark, and next
the remainder of the white. Stand on
the ice to harden, and serve with a
vanilla sauce poured around it.
A Wooden wedding.
Several friends called on a New York
clergyman one evening, says the New
York Sun. and were kept waiting for
him for some time.
I"I'm sorry to have kept you wait
ing." the minister remarked, as he en
tered his library. "but I have just had
to perform a wooden wedding in the
"What:" said one of the visitors. "1
never heard ot' such a thing. What
kind of a ceremony was it':
"Oh." answvered the clergyman. with
a twinkle in his eye. "it was the mar
riage of a couple of Poles."
Canals and IRoads.
9 EiRE and there one hears
H the question asked. Why
H o t uildlin of roads for
k the country districts? and
is instantl inswered by asking.
Vhy should the country districts con
ribute to the payment of the cost of
he c-anal sy sTem. when it only benetitS
it es? In wEithe'r case has the person
sking the 'iiestion comprehinded the
(act that ti,' developmenr of the ca
ials and the development of roads are
)oth questi-ns of developing transpor
ation. and that the State that is able
o have the cheapest transportation. is
he St:te t:mt controls the commercial
upremacy of the Union. ald that both
anal and r-ad development go hand
n hand in cuabling New York State
,o maintair its commercial supremacy.
Roughly speaking. of the $100.000,
0 to be expended upon the Erie Ca
mal, S5,00).000 is paid by the cities
nd $15.000.(K10 1)y the rural districts.
loughly speaking, of the $50,000.000
o be expei.ded for the development of
he highw:ys. fifty per cent,. or $25.
0,000, is to be paid by the State at
rge. $17.0,000 is to be paid by the
:ounties according to the mileage im
)roved in each county, and $7,500,000
s to be paid by the towns according
:0 the mileage Improved in each town.
sow, of t-e $25,000,000 to be paid by
he State a': large, eighty-five per cent.,
r $22,250 000, will be paid by the
!ities and the remainder will be paid
)y the rural districts, so that one sees
eaily tha t the rural districts contrib
ite $15,000,000 for the canals for the
ities, whi:e the cities contribute $22,
!50.000 for the roads for the country:
bat is, the cities are contributing
7,250,000 more for the roads than the
ountry d:stricts are contributing to
he cities [or the canals. This is not
n unfair proportion. considering the
,reatness of the two propositions.
here has never been any intention on
he part of the highway conventions,
omposed of the Supervisors and the
1lighway -.ommissioners of the State,
o formulr-te a plan for road develop
ent wbich would be in any way bur
lensome to the cities by increasing
heir taxation. The cities inadvert
ntly will benefit largely from road
mprovement. because the price of
arm produce will be reduced to the
onst.mer, because the farmer can
wring double the load in half the time
:o the present shipping centres on Im
)roved roads over what be can at the
)resent time. The indirect benefits to
he cities in the purchase of cheaper
'arm produce are fully equal to the
ndirect benefits to the farm by having
heap transportation on the waterways
f the State for the benefit of cities.
Wide or Narrow Tires ?
On smooth, hard roads the difference
s not so great, but on sandy or muddy
*oads or in plowed fields wide tires
re so much better than narrow ones
hat we wonder that farmers do not
sist on having them. The Metropoli
:an and Rural Homes publishes the
The Missouri experiment station has
nade a series of tests extending from
anuary to September of last year in
~rder to ascertain the value of wide
:ires as compared with narrow ones.
In conducting the experiments two
:rdinary farm wagons were used, one
rith six-inch tires, the other with
ttadard one and one-half-inch tires.
'oth wagons of the same weight, and
ah loaded with 2000 pounds. It was
round that the power necded to draw
hc narrow- tired wagon, with 2000
)ound load, on a gravel road, would
ae pulled a load of 2472 pounds on
he wide-tired wagzon. The same pow
r reqtuired to draw narrow tires
vcr dirt and gratvel roads, when thes
vere dry and hard, was found sutli
-jent to draw ai 2:it-pound load on the
ivie-tired wagon under the same con
litions. tt was shown that w;here
Ehese roads were deep with mud. but
atialy dried at the surface with a
rew hours' sun, the same power re
~uired to draw the 2000-pound load
ver them on the narrow tires would
ull a load of :3200 pounds on the wide
The director of the station states
Iha: the conditions under -which the
aarow tires offer an advantage ov-er
h wide ones are "-unusual and of
hort duration," and further. that
tarough a major-ity of days in the
s-ear, and at times when the dirt roads
re most used, and when their use is
most imperative, the broad - tired1
vagon will pull materially lighter than
the narrow-tired wagon." Also that
"a large number of tests on meadows,
astures, stubble land, corn gr-ound,
nd plowed gr-ound in every condition.
from dry, hard and firm to veryV wet
nd soft, shows without a single ex
-eption a large difference in draft in
favor of the broad tires. The differ
mce ranged fronm sev-enteen to 120 per
As a result of all experiments con
ucted he says: "-It appears that six
inches is the best width of tire for
ombination farm and road wagon,
and that both axles should be the same
length, so that the front and hind
whels will run in the same track."
U~ncle Absalom Millsap went to the
office of the village newspaper with a
grievance. "-I want to tell you." he
said. "-that there's a good deal of hum
bug in advertising."
"I am sorry to hear that." respond
ed the editor-. "In what way?"
-Do you remember that you had
three advertisements of 'line milch
ow for' sale' last week, in thr'ee differ
ent parts of the country'
"Yes, and I've heara1 " nm all three
of those ads., too., . resulted in
selling the cows. I te'll y-ou, it pays to
advertise in the Banner.'
"t dlidn'r paiy me:- snapped I'ncle
Absalomn. "I wanted a fine milch cow,
and I wvent to all three of those- piaces,
one after antheriI~. but somebody had
SOUTHERN ':- f
TOPICS OF INTEPEST TO THE PLANTI
Feeding Roasting Ear Corn.
Corn is often fed to cattle when go
ing out of the roasting ear stage with
fairly good results. In investigations
made several years ago when compar
ing corn on a water free basis, that
which was not well matured gave
:bout as good results per pound of dry
matter as that fully matured. In some
sections of the South it is not an un
common practice to feed corn when
passing out of the roasting ear stage
to cattle and other classes of stock with
results that are in some instances quite
surprising. Where grass is abundant
it is not necessary that grass be fed in
any considerable quantities until later.
Sugar Beets For Hons.
TI. C. M.. Rome, Ga.-I am raising a
larger amount of hogs than formerly.
In connection with other feed for them
I have raised one-half ton of white
mugar beets. Please tel' me the most
economical and profitable way to feed
them. whether cooked or uncooked,
nd. if cooked. what other ingredients
to mix with them?
Answer-Mix the sliced, or boiled
and mashed, sugar beets with corn
meal at the rate of six to eight pounds
of beets to one pound of corn meal.
If you have a root slicer use it and
feed the beets raw with the meal, if
the hogs will eat them. Cooking does
not add to their value. One pound of
corn meal is equal in feeding value
to about six pounds of first-rate sugar
Coal Ashes in the Garden.
We frequently see the advice given
to use ashes as fertilizer, but the writ
ers of such items do not always specify
whether wood ashes or coal ashes is
meant. As is generally known wood
ashes have a considerable value as fer
tilizer, largely because of the amount
of potash contained in them. Large
quantities of unleached wood ashes are
yearly brought from Canada and used
on our farms: in some sections they are
extensively used on grass land.
The late Robert Bonner, the noted
horseman, applied wood ashes for sev
eral years in succession to his meadows
and for something like twelve years
after the last application of wood ashes
these meadows have had no fertilizer
except a moderately heavy top dressing
of stable manure each fall; the crop
yearly has been a most satisfactory
one. Coal ashes can be utilized to ad
vantage around orchard trees where
the, soil is heavy or clayey in charac
ter; they may also be used as a mulch
around shrubbery and small trees to
onserve the moisture in the soil. These
shes are less objectionable for such
purposes than the coarse stable man
ire generally used.
Large Black Peas Praised.
Wjth us, writes W.B.J., in Home and
Farm, twe large black pea has given
the most satisfactory results. It Is a
stroig and vigorous grower, makes a
great mass of haulm, matures and
ies early, so that dry poas can be
gathered in September: and In yield
f seed exceeds, we believe, all other
arieties. It is as good as any 'for
stock or for hay, and the green peas
in summer or the dry peas in winter
are in every way as sweet and savory
ad nutritious for man as any variety
f twelve or thirteen that we have
For an all-round pea. for any pur
ose required 'by the farmer, we be
liee there is nothing better than the
arge-seeded, all-black variety. There
s m small-seeded kind, but not so good.
Let the farmer try to work this sort
ut from his seed.
And for planting purposes, or for
use on the table in winter, a portion
f the crop should be planted rather
late in .July. in order to have seed. not
infested with that great pest of this
rop, the little pea bug. At the South.
the early sowing.s are invariably in
esed wvith this insect. Farmers who
ould make a specialty of the black
e for seed would doubtless find it
~rotable. At .$1.50 to .$2.50 per bush
l of seventy pounds the crop pays
Use Potaah and Lime.
Nearly all of the soils of the South
will be benefited by the use of lime.
md especially tnose on which potash
is liberally used, as it seems evident
from the analysis of many Southern
soils that there is not enough of that
lement present to enable potash to
give its most satisfactory results. The
principal crops grown in the South
md the kind and amount of fertil
izer best adapted to their use follows:
Corn sorghum and the coarse fodder
nd grain growing cereals: Cotton
seed meal 300 pounds. nitrate of soda
1.5 pounds, acid phosphate 3.50 pounds
nd muriate of potash ten pounds. Use
at the rate of C00 to 500 pounds to
For wheat and other small grain
bearing cereals use the same mixture
but at the mte of 150 to 350 pouds.
Reilections of a Bachelor. -
Prosperity has mucth the same effect
n a man as gas has on a balloon:
too much of it will result in an ex
When a man reatches his aecond
childhood heC has no hair and no teeth
-snd if~ smi>, has no more sense
than to wvant a wlife.
It is easier to talk about ruling
mankind with love than it is to do it.
A stunning-looking girl isn't neces
Many a woman 's heir is not as gol
den as it s plaited.
Every man thinks his w-ife has the
best husband in the world.
A New York millionaire who began
his career a clerk in a cigar store
abut forty years ago boasts of hatv
ing risen from the ranks.
There are teo many divisions of the
Christian anny where all those who
are not commanding offncers are re
tired colonels on- half-pay.
ARM : 10TES
R, STOCKMAN AND TRUCK GROWEB,
Cotton: Cotton seed meal 250
pounds, high grade acid phosphate
400 pounds and muriate of potash 150
pounds. Use at the rate of 300 to 500
pounds per acre.
Potatoes: High grade acid phosphate
350 ponnds. muriate of potash 150
pounds. Use at the rate of 400 to 600
pounds per acre.
Liberal. applications of a complete
fertilizer should be made on all gar
den and truck crops and on orchards.
Use a fertilizer at the rate of 400 to
600 pounds composed of a mixture of
SO0 pounds of cotton seed meal. 300
pounds of acid phosphate and 400
pounds of muriate of potash.-Profes
Black Rust of Cotton.
The North Carolina Department of
Agriculture has since September 1
received numerous samples of diseased
cotton bolls, showing blackened sur
face and in many cases having the im
mature lint exposed and rotten.
These diseased bolls show the pres
ence of the spores or reproductive
parts of a parasitic~ fungus-Colleto
trichium gossipyium. The fungus
seems to be spreading in North Caro
lina and already does very serious
damage. The estimated damage now
caused is about one-half the normal
yield on the infected areas.
The spores or so-called seeds of the
fungus live over winter in the dis
eased bolls and stalks of the preceed
ing crop usually left in the field. The
spores undoubtedly live upon the seed
stored in barns and cotton gins. When
this seed is planted or when infected
seed is planted upon infected soil the
fungus starts growth along with the
seed and grows up'through the young
plants, eventually coming to the sur
face of the stalks and forming black
patches on stalk and boll. Great dam
age Is done to the growing crop by
the threads of this fungus choking
toe sap vessels of the leaf-stalks,
thereby causing the leaves to fall off.
When young bolls are seriously Infect
ed they stop growth, open and expose
the immature lint which soon rots.
The only practical remedy for this
disease is to rotate crops so that cot
ton will not come upon the same land
oftener than once in three years.
Seed cotton should never be taken
from the piles at gin houses. The- seed
should always be carefully selected
from healthy and prolific plants in the
field. Such selection, together with a
proper rotation, will prevent the loss
now caused by the disease and will at
the same time improve the strain and
increase the yield of the crop.
The use of fungicidal sprays upon
cotton is not recommended.-Gerald
McCarthy, Biologist N. C. Dept. Agri
Rye is a crop that grows on poor
land and it does good work in the way
of holding plant food that might leach
away during the winter months, and
it is also effective in keeping the soil
from washing away when the heavy
winter rains come on.' Rye is not
only a' good crop in the way of looking
after the physical condition of the
soil, but it is one of the best grazing
crops that we have for winter and
spring months. We are putting our
rye in as convenient at this season of
the year. Our practice is to use the
disk harrow so as to break up the top
of the soil, thereby making a good
seed bed, and then seed this land to
rye about the rate of one bushel per
.acre. As a rule we have the rye tc
follow corn. After the corn is either
shocked or put into the silo, we ge;
the land in condition and seed the rye.
We have a few lots, however, that
go to rye for the grazing of our hogs
in winter. About an acre lot was
seeded the first of August. and then
three or four lots will follow so as
to have an abundance of green grazing
for the large and small pigs. Rye
can be pastured. or it can be left
standing until it gets to be a foot, or
even two feet. above the ground,
when it can be mowed and every day
a small quantity given to the work
stock or cattle or hogs. This method of
handling rye crops is known as soil
ing, and it has many friends who pre
fer to cut the rye and haul it to the
barn, where it is fed rather than have
it grazed from the field. Still it makes
no difference as to the method of using
the crop. Every farmer should ha've
his rye field for furnishing green food
duripe the winter months and spring,
when no other kind is available. I
find for our work rye an Invaluable
aid, and we could not think of farming
without having fifteen or twenty acres
each year for this purpose. Whoever
tries this system becomes a friend to
it, and finds it helpful and a good
means of carrying on the work and
providing an abundance of food fo'r
al classes of farm animals, and we
should also bear in mind that live
stock farming is profitable only. with
an abundance of good food.-C. W.
Brkett, in the Progressive Farmer.
An obligation of any sort is a mcort
gage upon your time.
Most peopic manufacture their own
luck-be it good or bad.
He who waits for somethingz to turn
up is likely to turn up in the ahns
Whoever gets blue over mere trifles
is opt to paint things red to get ovez
A girl isn't an old maid until she
begins to wo.rry for fear sh 'll never
A ma'. isn't an old batchelor until
he begins to fear some woman will
The more bnsiness ability a man
possesses the harder it is for him to
whistle a popular air correctlyv
Possibly Solomon's wisdom may
have been acquired by association
with his numerous mothers-in-law.
Once there was a poor man who at
tended strictly to his own business
a today he is rich and happy.
CHEISINO EAlD IlE
Medical Missions (at Home and
First the synagogue (v.29), and them
the healing. Evangelfstic and medical
missions n-.st go hand In hand.
The!" is no need to tell ,uzrist of
any sia person in any part of the 9
world: He is always the first by the
sickbed (v. 30).
Christ's is no distant commad,
but He takes ien and women "by the
hand" (v. 31). One of His out
stretched hands Is -. medical mis
While the medical missionary is
healing the body, he is also driving
the devils out of the soul (v. 32).
It was said of Dr. John G. Kerr
China that two of the difficult operas,
tions he was constantly performin'
would, if performed and paid for a
home, have more than paid his year'
salary as a missionary.
Dr. Chamberlain of India, when two
New York Physicians told him itwas
impossible that he could have had in
his critical operations so large a per
centage of recovery, answered that
on the mission field unbelief does not
hinder the workings of God's power
as it does in the United States.
It Is said that the great medical
missionary Dr. Asahel Grant of. Per
sia, had twenty times more inter
course with the Mohammedans- than
the missionary who was sent out ex
pressly to labor among them but was
not a physician.
The medical missionary must be-far
more skillful than the average phy
sician or surgeon at home, becaus
he has to work usually without com
petent nurses or assistants, and per
form all operations alone.
In. the Johns Hopkins Hospital the
cost of each patient is $2.33 a day; Sn
the hospital of Urumia, Persia, it Is
less than seven cents a day.
There are more physicians . and
medical workers in Chicago than in
all of India and China together.
In -the United States we have one
physician to every six or seven hun
dred persons. We send out one
medical missionary to every two mil
lion of the heathen.
Christian work cannot -be carried
on In the best way without some
money, and though our society work
need cost but little, and though En
deavorers everywhere give .most of
their money to the church, yet some
money is needed to pay for topic
cards, hymn-books, a little social en
tertainment now and then, and Uter
ature useful In carrying on the
This money is best raised by the
system of annual pledges, and a ce
tain part of what Is pledged should
be definitely set aside for the socie
ty, the rest to be used for the church
expenses and for missions.
NH [GI LSSE
SUNDAY, NOVEMBER 19.
My Covenant With the People of God.
Psa. 51. 6; Mal. 2. 5, G; 2 Cor. 8.21.
Our lesson has special reference to
our covenant as a member of the
League to God and to our fellow mem
bers. The vows of church member
ship are sacred. The pledge of- the
League does not add to those'so muchx
as It defines and emphasizes certain
features of that covenant. The pledge
Is easily and naturally divided Into
three separate general divisions.
A Covenant of Personal Holiness.
We Methodists believe In a very high
standard of personal experienice. We
believe the "highest standards of ex
perience and life" to be nothing less
than entire consecration and perfect
love. This personal holiness we
should seek "earnestly," and not only
so but help others to attain to this
experience. We are under. special
obligation in view of the pledge to do
A Covenant of Personal Abstinence.
There are some prevalent indulgences
which we as members of the Epworth
League have promised to abstain.
fromn. Certain forms of worldly
amusements the church has put under
an as dangerous to the spiritual life.
How can we be consistent members
and ignore this? In certain com
munities this Is -a hard part of the
covenant to keep. But how, can we
raise up a stalwart and spiritual race
of Christians without the recognition
that we are to come out from the
world and be clean in life and influ
ence? God has covenanted to do cer
tain things for us under certain con
ditions. We have pledged him that
we would not do certain questionable
things. God will keep his pledge;
will we keep ours?
A Covenant of Personal Co-opera
tion. The church needs our service.
The League will fail unless we help
We need universal participation. We
ought to be ashamed of being a sponge
taking in all the time and not giving
out. We are to be laborers together
with God. We are to contribute to
the interest of both League and church
ser'lces. We have made a solemn
pledge of loyalty , to God and his
church. Let us recognize its secred
ness and keep it.
Lawyer Pays for Bad Advice.
Consul-General Gueuther says in a
report that German lawyers are liable
in damages to their clients for evil
results consequent upon misleading
advice. The Supreme Court or Ger
many has recently rendered a decis
ion that an attorney is liable to his
client to the full extent for carelessly
giving Incorrect advice.
The court held that the attorney
who for pay gives his client in legal
matters advice as to certain conduct
and procedure is liable for the legal
consequences suffered by the client In
acting thereon, provided that such ad
vice is not only faulty, but has been
proved to have been given carelessly.
An attorney tacitly assumes the po
sition of debtor of the client, which
obliges him to be careful In giving
advice, and he is therefore liable for
Its consequences if he has failed
through carelessness.-New York
Publicist holds that the human race
is enfeebled by success. That's bad.
Personally, though, we are robust en
Sough to take a chance on a little suc