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rJR SEA LtEVEL ROUJE1
Decision Reached By Canal
BORAD OF ENGINEERS AGREE
After Nearly Three Months' Hard
4 Work, Advisory Body, Composed
of Engineers From All Parts of the
World, Goes on Record Against
Locks by a Vote of 8 to 5.
Washington, Special.-By a vote of
S to 5. the board of consulting engi
neers~ of the Isthmian Canal commnis
sion placed itself on record as favor
ing the construction of the Panama
Canal on the sea level. This decision
represents the outcome of nearly
three monhs hard work. Early in
September the engineers gathered
from all parts of the world to asAist
the American engineers in the diree
tion of the momentous question of
constructing the Panama Canal. at sea
level or at a greater altitude. involv
ing a system of locks.
The foreigners -ame to Was 'iton
absolutely witho.-t instructions from
their own governments and without
bias. determined to be guided to their
klirpetion solely by the facts to be
presented to them. It was not until
last Tuesday that anything in the na
ture of a decisive vote was taken: and
that. after all, was an indirect test.
Just what that proposition ums can
not be stated with absolute certainty,
but it is conjectured that the issue was
whether or not a lock canal of a cer
tain type should, be constructed. At
any rate, the vote disclosed the fact
that a majority of the eight Ameri
can members, under the lead of Gener
al Abbott., was strongly in favor of a
The foreigners were agaiinst the
particular type mentioned in the pro
position, but it was not clear that at
that moment they were opposed to the
whole proposition of a lock canal..
The real test come. and the time be
tween Tuesday and the meeting Sat
ulrday was consumed in some very
strong presentations on ihe part of
the majority of the American dele
gates to influence their foreign col
i leagues to accept one of -the other
lock propositions. The Americans.
there is reason to believe that three of
their number. probably General Davis
and Mr. Pearsow and Mr. Burr. joined
the foreign delegates in this first vote.
which recorded the board as favoring
the sea-level canal.
The decision was reached about
noon and thereby the board practical
lv concluded its labors. There wvill be
a few more meetings next week simply
to deal with small details and to put
into permanent form the results of the
board's protracted meetings. The for
eign delegates desire to leave for their
'European homes' by the 27th instant.
To accomodate them in this. the full
board has agreed that they may con
clude some purely formal work at a
special. meeting to be held in Paris in
December or January. It is expected
that the American members of the
board will go to Paris to wind up this
business, all of which must be done
before the final report of the board
can be regarded as complete and ready
for submission to the Isthmian Canal
commission. The commission in turn.
must record its own judlgment upon
the conclusions reached by the board
of engineers, and there is even now
a belief eurent that that judgment
will be adverse to the board1's plan.
Ho(wever. there are two more importt
ant steus at either of which there
may be great changes proposed. for
the~ commission must pass the plans
and its own recommendations to the
Presidoat. who in tura, must stamp
them wth his own approval or disap
proval anid forward them to Congress,
which, after all will he tihe court of
last resort as between tihe sea-level
and lock canal project. simply through
the fact that additional legislation
will be necessary if a sea-level canal
is to be built; for the board finds that
such a canal wvill cost from seventy
live to one hundred millions. dollars
more than the cheapest practical lock
canal and will consume from five to
seven years more in the construction.
Ships Sink With 100.
London. By Cable.-The Southwest
ern Railway 's cross-channel steamer
Hilda was wrecked off St. Malo. on
the north coast of France, and it is
believed that one hundred or more of
her passengers and crew were drown
ed. The Hilda left Sout hampton Fri
day for St. Malo with considerably
more than one hundred souls on board.
He11r yasg was greatly delayed by
a fog in the channel, and when near
in-g St. Malo she ran into a severe
storm. atppalrently missed her course
and foundered on tile rocks off Jar
dini liglhhouse, three miles fronm St.
Hester's Cotton Statement.
Ne w O )rleans. Special .-SecretIa ry
I lkster's statement of' the world's s
ible su~pply of 'cotton shows the to tal
to be 4.2'55; *tgainst 4.00.145 last
he o al of Angr ican 'it ton is :;.502.
-' 81,000 Gallons Lianor Burn.
RATIE BILL IS OPPOSw
Representatives of 40 Leading Coal
Mines in the Knoxville Section
Draw Up Petition Declaring Elkins
Anti-Rebate Law Sufficient-Final
Action Delayed Until Meeting at
Knoxville, Tenn.. Special.-A meet
ing of coal operators of Tennessee
and Kentucky was held here at which
forty leading mines of this section
were represented. Their meetngs
were secret and definite action was
delayed on the Esch-Townsend bill,
for which purpose the meeting was
called, until after a meeting ot Louis
ville, Ky., which will be held there
by the coal men of the northern end
of the district. It is the plan to se
cure a representative committee from
the two sectional meetings and send
the same to Washington to appear be
fore the Senate committee and set
before them their objections to the
Esch-Townsend bill. A peition drawn
up recites the belief of the coal ope
rators that the demand for new rate
legislation is the outcome of failure
of some of the common carriers to
impartially apply the published tariff
to all shippers. by the granting of
rebates, concessions from tariff rates
either directly or indirectly. The pe
tition further recites that the Pres
ident is right in demanding the stop
page of all rebates, expresses the be
lief that the Elkins law effectively
remedies the rebate question when
properly enforced. and urges the pas
sage of legislation necessary to pro
vide the proper. machinery for the
eieetive stoppage of rebates of what
ever character arising from the fail
ure to observe impartially the pub
lished rates of railroads. "Any leg
islation," recites the petition, "that
will radically disturb the prevailing
conditions will inure to our injury
by destroying tIe elasticity of present
rate-making methods, and as far as
coal rates are interfered with at all,
local monopolies will be created by
law, which present methods of rate
making make impossible." The pe
tition recognizes that there are evils
to remedy, expresses the belief that
the Escli-Townsend bill will not iur
nish relief and prays for a hearing.
Killed by a Trai.
Reidsville, Special.-Richard C.
Hall, employed with the double-track
ing force of the Southern Railway,
was struck by fast tran No. 36 Sun
day afternoon near Stokesland. He
was standing on the main line signall
ing the crew of the v:ork train and
did not notice the approach of the
passenger train, and was struck by
the engine and knocked a distance of
fifteen or twenty feet. When picked
up a few minutes later by a fellow
workman he was dead, a large hole
being cut in the back of his head and
an arm broken. Deceased was 26
years old and was a resident of Dan
Cofessed Large Robberies.
New York, Special.-Confession to
the robbery of $100,000 worth of
gems from fashionable New York
homes in the last two years was madej
by Harold Prescott a painter. His
p~roit on pawning the jewelry, Pres
ott said, was but little over $5,000.
Almost by accident the painter was
arrested in connection with a recent
small robbery and the police were
ignorant of the value of their arrest
until at his arraignment. when
Prescott said that his thiefts could
:ot be concealed much bnger and
The Hardware Manufacturers.
Washington, Special.-The Ameri
can Hardware Manufacturers Asso
iat ion endorsed President Roose
velt 's plan for railroad legislation.
Te convention also agreed to a reso
lution approving "a plan to re-organ
ize the American consular service on
a strictly business basis. '. The Asso
ciation elected F. S. Kretsismer, of
Cleveland, president and decided to
meet at Hot Springs, Va., six months
hene. The National Hardware Asso
ciation elected W. S. Wright, of
To Build Nicaranga Canal.
Mexico City, Special.-The Mexi
can Herald has been informed that
the governments of Great Britain and
Japan have practically decided to
construct a ship canal of their own
aross Nicarauga, practically on the
lines rejected by the American gov
err.ment, Great Britain will furnish
the capital and Japan the labor. Brit
ish and Jananese engineers regard
the Nicarauga route as the oni ycra
25,000 Fire at Gate City, Va.
Gate City. Va.--Special-The Myr
tie Hotel, the law oflices of Richmond
& Bond and McConnell Carter. J1. M.
ane & Se2s' grocery store and Jayne
& Williams' barber shop were des
rvd by tire. The fire started from
kitchen stove in the hiotel about 5 :16
'co ck whe no~1 fl)one was up ece~pt
Bill Michael. the colored porter-. The
loss w~i be $25,000..
Jamnes Davh; Broke his leg.
M ri. . Bywace.1 of Culpeppi :v.
ounty. has sold to the Ch'vy CThast
Hunt Club. of Washington. a pack of0
FIVE DE IN FLAMES
Pitiful Scenes in a Tenement
ROASTED LIKE RATS IN HOLES
Sleeping Tenants on Five Upper
Floors, of New York Italian House
Were Cut Off While the Ground
Floor Became a Roaring Furnace
New York, Special.-At least five
persons were burned to death in an
Italian tenement house fire at 221 E
Seventy-third street. The house was
six floors high and the sleeping ten
ants on the five upper floors were
made prisoners by flames, with the
ground floor a roaring furnace be
neath them. Three of those who lost
their lives were kneeling in praye'r
when the tire reached them.
The police believe that the fire was
started by an incendiary. It began in
a heap of rubbish at the bottom of an
air shaft and sp:ead through the in
terior of a grocery store on the
ground floor. A policeman was the
first person to see the fire, just as it
had begun to creep up the air shaft.
He ran into the building pounding on
the hall doors all the way up to the
sixth floor to waken the tenants. The
fire followed him so swiftly that when
he reached the top floor he was oblig
ed to send the tenants there out to
the fire escapes to save them from
When the fire department airived
with its ladders, nearly every one on
the fire escapes was kneeling in pray
er., Adding to the pathos of the scene
was the action of the men, who stood
with their arms full of personal pos
sessions while their wives fought un
aided to protect the children from be
ing trampled by the crowd or suffo
cated by smoke. every one on the
fire escapes was saved by the fire
The lessee of the house told the po
liee that the Black Hand Society had
recently sent him letters demanding
2,000. Although the demands did
not state what the penalty was to be
for refusing to pay the money, the
police have begun an investigationi.
on the belief that the tire was started
by the writer of the letters.
Odell Hotly Denies All.
New York. Special.-Former Gov
ernor Benjamin B. Odell, Jr.. and
United States Senator Chauncey M.
Depew. as witnesses before the Arm
strong legislative insurance investi
gation committee, denied parts of the
testimony of James Hazen Hyde in
which thieir names were used. Mr.
Odell in the course of his testimony
called Mr. Hyde 's statement "base
calumny' and when he was asked
whether he directly or indirectly had
made threats to have the charter of
the M1ercantile Trust Company re
voked, his face flushed, and striking
the arm of the witness chair with
his fist., he exclaimed. "There is no
truth in that; statement, so help me
School Dormitory Burned.
Moultrie, Ga., Special.-Fire sweptI
away the boys' dormitory of Norman
Institute at Norman Pairk. It was a
wooden structure and, with the fur
nishings, was valued at $S,000. The
trustees decided to replace the build
in with a brick dormitory to cost
$12,000. The boarding students have
been reeived into the homes o'f Nor
man Park until the newv buildings
can be completed.
News in Brief.
The old Richmond and Tidewater
Railroad is to be completed by a new
ompany and called the Richmond,
Rappaannoek and Eastern.
The Virginia Conference of the
Methodist Episcopal Church decided
to meet next year in Portsmouth.
The Woman's Union annual meet
ing at Frederricksburg adjourned
after electing officers.
Petersburg is raising a fund for the
Russian massacree victims.
The Russian Government finds the
olish situation growing hourily
King Alfonso of Spain arrived in
Republicans made some gains in the
Spanish municipal elections.
The German Foreign Oflice states
there is no present purpose of vacat
ing Germany's lease of Kiaochaiu.
Japan is to issue a $230,000,000 4
per cent. loan to convert outstandmgn
Not folk. Ya.. Speci:l.-TheC ocean
arire. F'ran- Pendleton. o! Ne~w
Yo rk. loaddwth 4X toXver two t housand
tons of coal. was raimPned anid 4unk
hv M tr'lams and MIiniirs st eamr
I '.X. ClOin' fro n Bs-on. "tf
aberts l' d- t The hr e strui
Gra Hopital. Th querre is r
1mte to ~ haive ori-ziated. over the1
ISLE Of PINES RIEBLS
Effort to Set Up Independent
WASHINGTON FIGHTS SHY OF IT
Territorial Government is Said to
Have Been Erected and Officials
Selected to Administer Its Affairs
by American Residents, Who Own
Five-Sixths of the Soil.
Washington. Special.-It has been
known for several months that Am
erican residents in the Isle of Pines
were becoming restive under Cuban
control, but surprise was created at
the reported erection of a territorial
government* on the island and the
selection of important officials to ad
minister the affairs of that govern
ment. No advices indicating such ac
tion have been received officially.
It can be said that the would-be
seceders will receive no encourage
ment from the administration. See
retary of State Root, when he was
Secretary of War, was very clear and
emphatic "that the Isle of Pines be
longed to Cuba as a matter of right,
as a matter of justice;" furthermore,
that in procuring naval stations in
Cuba for the United States there was
a general understanding that the Isle
of Pines was to be ceded to Cuba.
although its title had been in doubt.
The reported secession of the resi
dents from Cuba control is deprecat
ed, but action regarding it, if any
should be contemplated, would be tak
en only after the government had
been advised officially and fully as to
Senator Quesada, the Cuban min
ister here, called at the State De
partment and seemed to be consider
able agitated over the news of the
movement in the Isle of Pines. He
had an interview on the subject with
Secretary Root, but declined to. make
any statement concerning it. The Cu
ban legation has no advices concern
ing the reported seeession. The con
tentior of the American residents of
the isle is that as they own in fee
simple five sixths of the ground and
as the remaining one-sixth is in the
hands of one or two Spanish fam
ilies,. the 1,200 native residents be
ing non-property owners, they have
a right to be heard by this govern
New $250,000,000 Jap Loan.
Lon'don, By Cable.-The Associated
Press is informed that the Japanese
government has decided to immedi
ately issue a new foreign loan of
$250000,000 at four per cent., which
will be used partly for converting the
external 6 per cent. loan and partly
for the redemption of the internation
al loans. It is understood that France
will participate to a considerable
amount, the Rothschild's Paris house
being the issuing house t ere. The ex
act date of the issue ha tytbee
New Move For Mrs. Chadwick.
Cleveland. 0., special.-Ex-Judge
F. J. Wing. counsel for Mrs. Cassie
L. Chadwick, announced that an ap
plication for a writ of cortiorari is
now being prepared and will be sub
mitted to the Supreme Court of the
United States with a view of obtain
ing a review of Mrs. Chadwick's case
before that tribunal. The Supreme
Court will be asked to consider Mrs.
Chadwick 's case on the general
ground that errors were made in her
trial here before the U. S. District
Court and also in the U. S. Circuit
Court of Appeals in her case.
'By Wire ansi Cable.
Willia H. Andrews denied that any
of his transactions with the Enter
prise National Bank in Allegheny
City, Pa., were otherwise than regu
Call money, reached 25 per cent. in
New York. aind Secretary Shaw said
he could not relieve the situation
while speculation exists.
Vladivostock Mutiny Over.
St. Petersburg, By Cabld.-Advices
from Viadivostock indicate that the
mutiny of' the soldiers andza~ilors has
been ~quelled and order partially re
stored the commandant having agreed
to sendl home the reservists and time
expired men detained there. Mr.
Greener. the American consul at
Vladivostock. telegraphs that a
thousand Cossacks have been brought
there from Grodekoff to aid in quell
in the riots and patrolling the streets
Killed by Water Fixture.
Bethlehem. Pa.. Special.-While
Mrs. H. A. Foering. wife of Head
Master Foering, of the Bethlehem
Preparitory School. was in the kitch
en of her home the water back of the
stove .xploded and a large piece of
fvingz iron struck her on the head,
e-ushing her skull and instantly kill
ivg her. Bessie Miller. a servant, was
thrown he lengtrh (f thle room and
iniured hvb comn'ing in contacwt wit h
thU frniiare The rom ws badly
wreckedf~ and 1e "nire. but the
who weccre mp ~ld the preises~.~
Four Alleged Lynche~rs Arrested.
juil. but are held under guard1 at
the Hlmehn.s residence. Heheas corpus
p-ocdigs2 for their arrest will be
begu bv ihe chancellor.
CLIMAX IS REACHEL
Startling Testimony in Equita
YOUNG lYDE GOES ON THE STAN
Former Vice President of the Equit
able Life Gives Sensational Testi
Mony and Clears Up Many Points
They Have Hitherto Remained
Dark, More Than Meeting the Ex
pectations of the Crowd That
Thronged to Hear Him.
New York, Special.-James Hazen
Hyde, former vice president of the
Equitable Life Assurance Soeiety,
whose resignation followed the sensa
tional disclosures in thath company
last spring which led to the investi
gation of insurance company methods
by the Armstrong committee of the
Legislature, the man whose presence
as a witness before this committee has
been looked forward to in the expee
tation that it would produce the
greatest sensation of the investiga
tion, appeared before the committee
Mr. Hyde's manner on the stand
was one of composure and delibera
tion and his replies to questions from
counsel were calm and deliberate and
at times studied. He was fortified
with statements and data and was
very frank in his explanations. Fre
quently he would become bitter in
his reference to some of his asso
ciates, and while his entire testimony
was of deep interest and cleared up
many points that have heretofore re
mained in the dark, it was not until
late in the day that the sensational
features of his testimony were de
Mr. Hyde cleared up the matter of
the $685,000 loan of the Mercantile
Trust Company, which appeared on
the books of the Equitable Life under
the caption of the "AW. J .Alexander
Number 3 Account."
Mr. Hyde first heard of this ae
count in the fall of 1902. when it
was called to his attention by Presi
dent Alexander, who said that lie and
Mr. Jordan had incurred the loan to
take up stock that was being bid up to
fictitious values, to the deteriment of
the company, to settle suits that were
hampering the business of the so
city, and for campaign contributions
This contribution was the one of the
last campaign and was asked for by
Mr. Frick, who' suggested it for the
benefit of the society. To procure
this money, Mr. Alexander had Mr.
Hyde write a letter to the president
of the Mercantile Trust Company and
this letter practically placed him in
the position of a guarantor.
Later when the settlemen of the
loan was forced, Mr. Alexander and
Mr. Jordan raised all they could to
ward it. The stock purcha-sed with
part of the loan was sold to Thomas
F. Ryan for $212,000 and the balance,
$212,500, Mr. Hyde paid personally.
He did this because he understood
that Mr. Alexander was financially
embarrassed, and in a bitter tone
"Notwithstanding the strained re
ations with these two gentlemen
(Alexander and Jordan), I felt bound
to see that the debt was liquidated by
reason of the letter Mr. Alexander ex
tracted from me.''
Mr. Hyde said that he first receiv
ed a salary of $30.000, seven years
ago. In 1902. when he became chair
man of the finance committee. this
was advanced to $75,000, and in 190:3
it was advanced to $100.000, at which
it remained until he resigned as vice
president of the society.
Eclipsing all this sensational testi
mony, however, were the statements
of Mr. Hyvde concerning former Gov
ernor Odell and Mr. Harriman rela
tive to the settlement of the Ship
building Company. Mr. Hyde said
that Mr. Harriman came to him and
advisedl the settlement of the Odell's
suit, and he feared that powverful mn
fluence at Albany would be invoked
in retaliatory measures.
Charges of conspiracy to get him
out of the country were madle by Mr.
Hyde agaiinst Henry C. Frick and E.
H. Harriman, ju coimeetion with the
reported aspirations of Mr. Hyde to
become ambassador to France. He
said Mr. Frick inspired the idea and
witness too it as a joke at first. but
when Mr. Frick brought it up later
M. Hyde was flattered and both Mr.
Frick ~and Mr. Harriman promise1
to use their influence to secure the
Again Mr. Hyde waxed bitter in his
explanation of the extraordinary in
terest these gentlemen bad in his ab
sence from the country. He said lie
hought their idea was "that they
would acuuit themselves oi' their
friendly stewardship with great pro
fit to themselves'' and added that
the nature of their interest hid since
become very obvious.
To Build Nicaranga Canal.
Mexic:o City, Special.--The Mexi
an Herald has been. informed. that
the governmenlts of Great Britaim andl
Japan have practically decided to
contuct a ship canal of their own
acros Nic'arauga. p)raetically on the
lins rejected by the Amrnt'ean gov
e nent. Great Britain wsill turmishi
the caipital and JIapan the labor. Brit
ih and .Japanese' enP2meerCs regara(
thc N (icaranga route as the onl yone
Seve GiCirls Injured in New York.
TOPICS OF INTEREST TO THE PLAh
Texas Station Buletin 75. on "Earl.
Cottons," gives the-results of cotton in
vestigation carried on by ihe station IT
co-operation with the Bureau of Plan
Industry. United States Department o0
A study of early and late varietie,
was inconclusive because the see
could not be obtained at the right time
Cotton planted April 9 was attacked
by the boll weevil, and all fruiting
stopped aftei July 20. This plantini
yielded about three-fourths of a balt
per acre, while a planting made June t
produced stalks from four to five feel
high, but practically no fiber.
The structure of the cotton plant was
studied as the plants developed. It was
found that early and late varieties dif.
fered in length of joint, and in the
fruiting capacity of the limbs at the
first joints on the main stem. The
early varieties had short joints and pro.
duced fruit limbs at the first joints o1
the main stem near the ground, while
the late cottons had long joints, and
were without fruit limbs at the lower
The time elapsing from the appear
ance of square in leaf axil to bloom and
full-grown boll was about the same in
late and in large and small boll cottons.
The large boll varieties required a few
days longer for the bolls to dry out and
open. There was no apparent differ
ence in the rate of growth of the sev
eral cottons, but as the rate differs in
individual plants it is stated that rapid
ity in growth may be promoted by se
lecting seed from the largest stalks of
the desired type. A definition of an
early cotton is given and varietal char
acters, seed selection and importation,
earliness of Northern seed and storm
proof cottons are discussed.
To test the effect of fertilizers on ear
liness, phosphoric acid, potash and ni
trogen were each applied separately
and in combination, in small, medium
and excessive quantities. Acid phos
phate and potash or kainit were used
at the rate of 100, 200 and 500 pounds
per acre. and .nitrogen or sulphate of
ammonia at the rate of 250 and 500
pounds per acre. The mixture was
made up of one part of kainit, one and
one-half parts of cottonseed meal and
two parts of acid phosphate, and was
applied at the rate of 225 and OO
pounds per acre. Potash and nitrogen
were apparently without effect upon
the plants. but acid phosphate caused a
rapid growth and greatly increased the
The results indiate that increase in
earliness and yield and rapid growth
are the result of supplying abundant
plant food, and that it is sufficient to
furnish the soil with only the lacking
elements. After sixty-five days of
growths the plants on the acid phos
phate plat were eighteen inches high,
with from eight to sixteen squares to
the stalks, while the plants on the ni
trogen, potash and unfertilized plats
at this time were only from six to nine
inches high, with from 0 te 4 squares
per stalk. The yield of the first pick
ings were largest on the phosphoric
Raising Berkshires in South.
~Question-C. W. Crandall, Groton,
Conn., writes: "Can you advise me
where I can get information about hog
raising in South Carolina? I wish to
know if Berkshires will do well there,
and if I can ship them from here to
the South and have them do well. Any
information will be grea ly appre
Answer - Berkshires are prob'ably
more widely distributed and more fat
orably known in South Carolina than
any other breed of hogs. Nearly all
breeds of black hogs do .well in the
South: whereas whitt- 2ogs eto not seem
to take so kindly to t.- climate. Berk
shires are peculiarly well adapted to
the South, as they are naturally quite
active and make good rustlers, which
is a decided advantage when one con
siders the methods of pork raising most
in favor, and likewise most economical
for Southern farmers to follow. Ir.
many sections of the South there is still
much cheap land of a broken nature
which supplies an abundance of mast,
providing almost ideal conditions for
raising pork under range conditions.
Hence soiling crops may be grown in a
succession so as to provide grain pas
ture for several months of the year.
In this way hogs can be cheaply raised
for a small consumption of grain, and
the natural conditions are very favor
able to the Berkshire with his well
known rustling qualities. Hogs may
be shlppped South at almost any time
with comparative safety, though bring
ing them in the fall during cool weath
er is a decided advantage, as they then
ave a chance to become acclimated be
fore the hot weather of the following
summer. The greatest care should be
exercised in shipping and'unloading
the hogs 3s avoid their infection with
holera.-Andrew M. Soule.
Horse Sense Hints.
Don't leave me hitched in my stall at
Lives of gr-eat znen all remind us
ow easy it is to be a small mnan.
Money doesn't sit around on empty
rv goods boxes when it talks.
It takes bratins to get through tho~
;.rol-:'lso to go aroun:d on the out
America s early settlers arechs
wh p;y up prom)nptly th le lir.,~ of ech
An avecrase girl is nr. sati:sfid
Skept busy tringv: to pick h:im o::t
rom the crorvd oft app licants
Trus:s must go. A Cincinnati maan
as been forced1 to bez because they
eosed a factory in which his wife had
FARM -' fIOTES.
TER. STOCKMAN AND TRUCK GRoW ER.
night with a big cob right where I
must lie down. I am tied and can't se
leet a smooth place.
Don't compQ! ne to cat more salt
than I want by mixing it with my
oats. I know better than any other
animal how much I need.
Don't think because I go free under
the whip I don't get tired. You would
move if under the whip.
Don't think because I am a horse
that weeds and briars won't hurt my
Don't whip me when I get fright
ened along the road, or I will expect it
next time and maybe make- trouble.
Don't trot me up hill, for I have to
'2arry you and the buggy and myself,
too. Try it yourself sone time. Run'
up hill with a big load.
Don't keep my stable very dark, for
when I go out into the light my eyes
Don't say "whoa" unless you mean it.
Teach me to stop at the word. It
may check me If the lines break, and
save a runaway and smash-up.
Don't ask me to back with blinds on.
I am afraid to.
Don't run me down a steep hill, for
if anything should give way I might
break your neck.
Don't put on my blind bridle so that
it irritates my eyes, or so leave my
forelock that it will be in my eyes.
Don't be so careless of my harness
as to find a great sore on me before
you attend to it.
Don't forget the old book that is
friend of all the oppressed that says:
"A merciful man is merciful to 'bis
Timely Dairy Notes.
If the milk stands so as to cool before
separating, slightly warm it again, as
most separators will skim closest when
the milk is run through as soon as
drawn from the cow, or while at blood
Lime water will often work magic in
the dairy or creamery where the butter
is "of"' flavor. Put twenty pounds of
unslaked lime in a barrel of water and
let stand for a day or two; then use
the clear water to rinse churn, worker
and all other utensils, and finally flush
the churn room and drain.
Do not keep dehorned cows with
those that have horns. If dehorning is
to be done do it before cold weather.
Raise calves on skim mIlk and sub
stitute vegetable for butter fat in the
form of flaxseed jelly at first, and later
cornmeal. Good calves can be raised
in this manner.
Use dairy salt and salt butter by
weight or measure, not by guess. One
ounce of salt to a pound of butter Is
about right for most tastes..
Always use a combination of both.
roughage and grain feeds in .prefer
ence'to one or two of either. Variety
is necessary.-Rural Voice.
Trees and Wire FencIna'. *
3Messrs. Editors-Farmers have raised
serious objections to using live and'
growing trees as posts for wire fenc
ing, and I believe the chief, if not the
only solid objection, is that .the live
tree grows and finally covers the wire;
and then the sap or dampness which
gathers around the wire causes it to
rust and break at the tree.
Now I have a remedy for this objec
tion which is very simple, and I write
to suggest it for the benefit of those
who may not have thought of it, that
is to get a board or plank six inches
,wide, and from one and a half to two
inches thick, cut its proper length for
the fence, and nail these pieces one to
each tree, and upon this plank or board -
nail the wire. In this way you ereet
ually protect the wire from the sap or
dampness of the tree, and in the tree
have an everlasting post for the fence,
for if necessary the board or plank can
be replaced fromn time to time, as ne
cessity shall require it, and the tree
can live on and continue to grow.
Win. J. Leary, Sr., Chowan Co., N. C.
Keep Roadside Clean.
Develop a sentiment that will con
demn any man who allows weeds to go
to seed along his roadside. If the farm
er will keep the roadside clean there is
some hope of his mowing the weeds in
his pasture. Say, what is the use or
keeping weed seeds in stock? Don't it,
seem a perfectly absurd and foolish
thing? Why do you complain of the
primeval curse of our first parents
wnen you are doubling the curse up by
cultivating weeds, or allowing them to
grow in waste places to make trouble
for the next year?-Wallace's Farmer.
Cockleburs are getting scattered, and
every farmer should see that the seeds
.are not left in his iields. If cut or
pulled up early these weeds could be
dropped anywhere, but now it is too
late. It would not take long to go over
the fields and get them out. They
could be put in piles on ditch or dike
banks or at the end of rows, to be
burnt later wheni they are dry and the
crop is off.
Paul Deroulede, whose term of ban
ishment was remitted, was welcomed
bjack to Paris.
Wo 4rkmen looking for a gas leak in
n Ishpeming (Mich.) bank caused
an1 epieoin which resulted in the
death ~of three children and injuries
C.nada catlmot ger sufficient cars
to "arry its bumper whjeat crop.
S. Peesbr 5pent a (ciie Saunday
hat'lni-Jewvi,.h r'iotin (c1:1Ontius in
01:y i the prvinces, and an. umber
Prsdn Anmador, of Panama. gav'e
1 :'.:m recep2 101 in honor' of Scere
Endand haa surpassed the United
State's and be~ome the largest export
er to Germanv.