Newspaper Page Text
1GWNT EA WALLS.
Punisypment That Wa Infilcte4 For
neglecting Their Repair.
W. H. Wheeler in his "Ilistory of the
Fens ~bf South Lincolnshire" quotes
Harrison as saying, in his preface to
Holinshed's "Chrouiele." that "such
as, having walls or banks near unto
toe sdi, do suffer the same to decay,
after convenient admonition, whereby f
the water entereth and drowneth up
the country, are by a certain ancient
custim apprehended, condemned and
staked in the breach, where they re- I
main forever a parcel of~the new wall t
that is to bei made upon them, as I C
have heard -eported."-P. 40. C
Harrison, so far as I am at present
able to make out, is the earliest au- -
thority for this, and he only speaks of 5
it as a report.
In a paper by the Rev. F. C. J. Spur- t
rell in "The Archaeologia Cantiana" re- t
lating to Dartford, I find the following,
which, though it is by no means a proof r
of what Harrison had heard, tends to S
make the 2tatement less improbable i
than It otherwise would be: t
"In early times the Roman way t
,jrossed the marsh untroubled by the 8
tide. Afterward, the tide having ad
vanced further inland, the road was
raised, becoming a causeway. In. me- r
diaeval times this bank was heighten- d
ed against the tide, the road running
Inside, as at present. During a section
made a few years ago through this c
road, near Stidolph's house, I saw a
human skeleton extended across the f
bank about two feet below the pres- t
ent surface. This is, of course, a s
strange situation; but, looking to the c)
fact that It was a tide wall, it is pos- t
sible that the once owner of the skele- I
ton had the duty of repairing the bank f
and, having let the tide through by his E
neglect, was placed in'the breach, thus
helping to repair it while -suffering
punishment S. Smiles has mentioied
that such a mode of dealing was a me
diaeval custom. However, I know not '
how far the ancient graveyard extend- r
ed hereabout, so that the body, which f
showed no signs of burial, might yet f
have been buried in sacred ground."- a
London Notes and Queries.
Don't abuse your rival. Behave bet
ter than he does.
Every one has an excuse for drink
Ing. None of them is good.
How many people are you "comfort
able" with? Not very many probably. -
When it comes to romance, the kind
found in books is very superior to the
real thing. a
It is stated there is an exception to tl
every rule, but don't hope you will be b
one to the rule of old age.
A o a-p ee like little p
birds tn a ne. Wien eu praise them r
they lie-still with the-r mouth's wide' o
open for more. d
Engines are very much like people. b
The switci engine makes more fuss o
around the depot than the engines on
the through trains. The cheaper the fi
person, the more trouble he causes.- a
Atchison Globe. t
Beauty and the Beast. tl
A well known southern churchman q
was recently visiting New York, ae- c
companied by his wife, who is as beau- is
tiful as her life mate is homely. They a
were walking down' Broadway one sun-. e
ny afternoon, and the pair attracted b
much attention. One of two young
"sports," evidently thinking to attract b
the favorable attention of the church- ri
man's wife, in an audible aside re- 11
marked tliat it was another case of 'T
"the beauty and the beast." Quick as f:
a wink the husband turnled and, as he a
swung his right to the speaker's jaw, a
scoring a knockout, said, "I am a man Jb
of peace, but I never allow any ''one told
call my wife a beast."-New York In
Catharine Parr. it
Catharine Parr. the sixth wife of the
much married Henry VIII., owed more
to her Intellectual than to her personal
charms. She was not good looking, d
but had a pleasanit face and a world nI
of tact. So skillfully did she manage s1
her troublesome husband as actuallye
to turn him against some of the most y
trusted of his own officials. Once an b
order was made out for her arrest on si
a charge of heresy, but she got news of I
the matter and so cleverly flattered o;
and soothed Henry as to effect a com- ti
plete reconciliation, and when the offi- si
eers came to serve the order he drove ~ii
them out with curses and threats. cl
Brave or Reckles ri
When a -young man on a smail sal- ix
ary and with#the future very uncer- N
tain gets married' we claim he is as
reckless as if he jumped into water
and couldn't swim. The romantic may
c all it courage, but it is pure reckless- ti
ness.-Atchison Globe. , a
All Broke Up. i
"She was very much affected, was p
she not, at the bad news?" o
"I shotmd say so. Her eyes dropped, rt
her voice broke, her face fell, and final
ly she burst into tears."-Baltimnore s
Courtesy to Strangers. d
If a man be gracious and courteous
to strangers it shows he Is a citizen of
the world and that his hea-rt Is no Is
land cut off from other lands, but a i
continent that joins to them.-Bacon. d
A Bunch of per.
First Artist - What's~ that you're- d
painting, a mediaeval famIly group?
Second Artist--Not exactly. That's a
portrait of Mrs. Henry VIII.-i .oul
Anything to Please. e
Mudge* -See here, what did you mean t
by saying!I wasn't half' witted? Tabs- 0
ley--What shall I say? That you are
DeWIfts EtSalve J
Foe' P~es, Burns, Bores.
TrO ANYr CEnWER of tobaccc
HABITB OF HARES.
faking the Toilet In a Longj and
A clever observer writes: "A good
nany hares find a secur" :-etreat In the
and hills during the da.'ime and feed
n the marshes in the morning and
vening. The hour at which aust of
he:a leave the marsh varies, but it is
ny time before U o'clock. All the
ares, however, do not return, some
referring to lietout all day and make
heir "forms" in any standing clumps
f grass in tle inclosures. I found this
t one day while taking shelter among
be fir trees from a downpour of rain.
LS soon as the rain'gogreally heavy I
aw first one and then another hare
ppear, as it were,,out of the ground in
be middle of the fields and race for
be shelter of the sand hills.
"On their return to the hills in the
iorning many of 'them take up their
tation on the sunny side of 'a fir tree.
enerally on a slope, and sit there, ei
ier among the fir 'needles or'else on
ie bare ground or'sand, without any
rt of form appm-ently. They like a
arm, sunny seat,,out of the wind, or,
:ovwet weather, sheltered from the
ain. Here they /sit and sleep, unless
isturbed, until /an hour or two past
"At some time- between 1:30 and 3
'clock they wake up and begin their
ilet, whicb.is long and very care
al process. I have seen them roll in
ie sand, then get up, shake them
elves and finally lick their bodies all
ver, for the most part directly with
aeir tongues, but those partsof their
odies which they cannot reach so
ace, back of head, ears and nape of
eck-are dressed by-the fore limbs ex
ctly in the same way that a cat does
"These toilet *operations often take
af or three-quarters of an hour.
Vhen completeithere is a short time of
est, then a long stretch and a yawn,
are legs first, then the hind legs;
nally, the wbhle body is raised into
n arch, aftej 'which the animal be
ins to move off for another feed."
heiProcess Is Neither Difficult Nor
The chemical analysis of milk is-not
)mpli-ated nor difficult. First the
1erist weighs a small dish, cup or
ue'er and earefully notes down the'
sultstin ounces, grains and fractions.
grains. Next he pours in some mil-k.
be analyzed and again carefully
tes diown the result. By subtracting
e weight of the dish from that of
)th the weight of the nilik is found.
ad recended. Next the reoeptaele -Is
laced'over a seam ,Jet, whW evapo
tes the water of* the milk, leaving
2ly the residue or "solids." Again the'
sh and'its 'contents are weighed, and.
y a simple calculation, the percentage
solids is ascertained.
The "solids" of 'the milk have been.
und by innumerable analyses to
verage- about 13 per cent, and while
ie fat varies In milk from different
ws the solids~ left after extracting'
ie fat are found to be a very constant:
mntity, seldom falling below 10 per'
mnt or over 14. This gives the chem
t a positive basis for his 'calculations
ad enables him to state with great.
rtainty whether or not the mil& has
The fat or oil in milk is determined.
v dissolving it by means of ether, the'
sidue remaining after such test be-'
ig termed "solids other than fat."'
he average fat or oil found In milk:
'om cows is 3 per cent, and any
siount less than 3 per cent indicates
most to a certainty that the milk has.
sen skimmed. If analysis shows a.
ecrease of fat It indicates that the'
tilk has been watered, while If fZats
ad other solids togethior are low you
.y infer that the skimmer ha's done'
An Early Betrothal.
In the early days of California the'
a~ugh~ters of the Lugos were sought in.
arriage by the best families of the'
ate. It was a boast that they were
ren courted In the cradle, as when the
ung officer Colonel Ignacio Vallejo,
eng in San Luis Obispo on the occa
on of the birth of a daughter to the -
ugos, asked her father for the hand
'the day old baby, provided when the
me came to fulfill the contract the
bnorita should be wiliing. This seem
gly absurd betrothal took place. The'
ilid grew up to be an Intelligent as.
eli as attractive young woman, mar
ed her betrothed and became the'
other of many children, among them.
:ari~ano Guadalupe Vallejo.
Binding a Bargain.
In the book of Ruth a shoe is men
oned as being handed over to ratify'
bargain, and the custom In a. sense'
iems to have been repeated later, for'
the year 1002 certain bishops were'
t Into possession of their sees by re
lving a glove. These may have been .
chly jeweled gloves, for such formed
art of the episcopal habit, and when.
yme abbots thought fit to array them-*
lves in similar hand covering pecul-'
r only to bishops they 7ere forbid-'
en their use by the council.
Prospective Purchaser-You say 'tihfr
Sa healthy place, yet the man neti
oor is confined to his bed. How 4bts
ou account for'.that? Real Estcas
.gent-Oh, he's a doctor and is sloufE:
ying of starvation.-Chicago News..
Deliberate treachery entails pumilkl
ent upon the traitor. There is no pos
bility of escaping it, even in the hi'gh
it rank to which the consent of socle.
rcan exalt the meanest and the worst:
Destiny has turned many a man:
own while he was waiting for some
lg to turn up.-Success Magazine.
Digests what you Oeat.
---TO THE M1
who will cut out and mail us th
THE FIRST L0OMOTIVE.
It Was Built by Oliver Evans, Who
Couldn't Lay Up Money.
The reallinventor of the locomotive
never realized a cent from his iaven- d
His name was Oliver Evans. He was
born in Delaware in 1756 an'd spent all
his life perfecting iuventions whieh
were destined t briLg him nothing but b]
more poverty., He was tb- originalin- bi
ventor of the high pressure engine used
in locomotives, the only kind that could
be employed to advantage In this form
of tra-nsportation, but realized nothing :
for his idea.
His application of the notion to both*
land and water power wvas somewhat d
In 1804 the municipagty of Philadel- i
phia called for bids for the dredging of d
the rhier and the bleanlng of the docks. b
Evans put In a bid lowerthan any of V
his competitors and when -it was ac- p
cepted determined to build a steam
boat to do the work. ci
He fitted out a scow with a steam
engine, builing both the engine and s
the scow in his own workshop.,
When the boat was ready to be
launched Evans determined to give the h
people of Philadelphia an object lesson s(
in mechanics, so he put the boat on t,
wheels; fitted up a push" wheel behind. p
set his engine to work and propelled o
the boat -hrough the streets to the riv- e
er In the midst of an open mouthed ei
throng, not a f6w of whom had a dim C
idea that he- ought to be arrested for si
wite raft. ti
WheM the boat reached the bank of Ic
the river, the wheels ind axles were t
taken off, the craft was launched, fitted ti
out with other wheels all made to do tj
the work of dredging the harbor. si
So far as the Invention of mechani- a:
cal devices went Evans had a splendid v
genius, but when dollars and cents
came up for- consideration he was a ti
mere child, -nd even allowed himself oi
to be cheated out of the money that s<
vas due him ifor cheaning the Philadel- x
phia harbor with his new fangled o:
TH-E PUEBLO INDIANS.
Their Religion Is In a Way a Species 1
of Water Worship. I
Eagle feathers are much used in the 0
ceremonrials of the Pueblo Indians, and '
In-order to make sure-of a supply the a
Zuni keep the birds In-cages, plucking a
a few feathers whenever they happen '
to want them. On the other hand, the h
IMoki hrve eagles' nests-located at va- T
rious spots within thirty or forty miles e
of their towns, which are considered 11
the property of different clans among b
them. The eagle lays its eggs in the
same nest year. after year,. and the 1
as imherit r4ghts to certain nests s
The -eagles6 are 'not kl.1 b t ,the h
new fledged young en e t en
from the nest-that is to say, all but t1
one or two, which mist be left. To 0:
remind the eagle god to encourage the b
laying of more eggs by the birds an e
egg carved out of wood Is 'placed
-where the divinity will be sure to see
It; also, after being plucked, the ea
glets are carefully burled In a certain ~
cleft in the rocks, which Is the eagle
cemetery. Here the eagles have been ~
Interred for centuries, and the place Is ~
jj The Pueblo Indians have a tradition ~
If he noo, and they say thatthe tur
key Is marked in commemoration of t
that event, Its tall being black at the (
end where it was dragged througli the l
mud after the water had subsided. I
The duck Is another sacred bird, be- ~
ring associated with water. From the ~
Pueblo point of view, anything that is I
jrelated to the all precious water In any t
way Is an object of worship. Their re- d
lgion is made up to a great extent of fi
aquatic divinities and might be called U
a species of water worship.
How to Clean Old Book Plates. C
To restore old book plates that have ~
been injured by age and damp proceed
as follows: Place upon a'fiat surface
a sheet of white paper somewhat -lar
ger than the print to be cleaned. Care-c
fully dampen, ,the print on both sides
with a soft, wet sponge and then satu- P
rate It with~a mixture of- chloride of
lime and oxalic acid dissolved In about
equal proportions In a pint of cold
water. - You can tell when the mixture
Is right by its turning magenta color.0
Continue to apply It until every stain
or spot has disappeared aind then wIth0
a clean .sponge wash the print freely
with cold water. 1
"You must try to love your pspa ass
much as he loves you," said the visitor.
"Oh, I love him more!" replied Tom-e
"Indeed? Doesn't your papa love you
"Not much. He says he only loves
me when I'm good."-Philadelphiar
He Set the Pace.
-"You seem boud and determined to
live right up to my salary."
"I'm merely trying to live up to the
diaondandthings you gave me wvhen
eweeengaged, dear." - Houston
A Poor Sort of a Golfer. e
Sandy. having been asked If Mr.
Meadoweroft'iwas a golfer. replied: a
"Weel, no; not a real one. He mnissed ~
a game to be at home when his second 8
child was born."-Chicago Record-Her- e
HeIshall be just, miserabie when
I have to go away and -leave you.
"Oh, Jack, It I were sure of that I'd
feel so h'appy !"-Llfe.
Oh, that you could turn your eyes to
ward the napes of your necks and
make but an interior survey of your t
THE ORIGINEAL LAXATIVE COUGH SYRUP
iKENNEDY'S LAXATIVE HONEY-iTAR ti
ed Ciover Biossom and Honey Bee on Every Battle, l
ERCHANT : If you haven't R~
We give you our
m ade of better tobi
Write ame and address;p
..~sadvmtsment, we will mail him a
A HEROIG BATTLE.
he Enemy Wan the Sea, and the
Colored Troops Won.
No engagement of the civil war was
trried on with more heroism and en
tirance than that fought by the For
--ninth Unizod States colored troops
ItEr hostilities were over. The Maga
nE of American History cant:lins an
:count of the tussle in which the
ack soldiers bore thumsClves so
ravely. The steamer Merrimac, load
I with cotton, left New Orleans for
ew York carrying. besides her reg
lar passengers, thirty officers and 000
For several days all went well. Then
te vessel sprung aleak, fires were
impened and the alarmi spread. It
,as found that the iron supply p!Pe
trough which the water for the con
mser was taken from * : sea was
reken,' and the place of leanage could
At be reached. The p)sseugers were
inic stricken. One small, fat German
-ent about wringing his hands and
"Ach, we are at the bottom of the
a! If we gets pack to New Orreans
ill dey gif me pack my m6nish"
The water gained fast. The only
pe lay In keeping afloat until a ves
.1 could be sigt.ted. The colored
-oops were pressed into service and
roved themselves the heroes of the
casion. A line of men was establish
I from the hold to the deck, and buck
:s were passed as rapidly 'as hands
uld move. OrL deck another line
:epped back and forth with well
-ained military 'tread. The work be
>w was most exhausting. The men at
ie bottom could not hold their posi
on more than three minutes at a
me. They were blinded and half
trangled by the swashing sea water
ad bruised by the lumps of coal
-hic dashed about.
But no one faltered, and high above
ie noise rose the clear, sweet voices
F the workers, now singing an army
yng, now- a cheery'nggro melody. The
iusic brought new iope to the hearts
r the passengers. Hour after hour
ie men worked and sang, and the sea
Id not gain on them.
Two days passed, and the drinking
rater gave out. Then they could no
inger sing, and their parched throats
ere eased only by a scanty supply
f oranges and lemons, but still they
orked. On the third day the lights of
steamer were seen only half a mile
way. ' Rockets were sent up, and
ith great difficulty, on account of
er wet ammunition, a gun was fired.
'o the dismay of all, the steamer pass
I on. Quickly the. soldiers formed a
ne once more, and the wearisome la
or began again.
After sixty-five hours of bucket pass
ig a steamer was ighted Athi,'h re
pndedo bthe fo'lielpan4 the
aterfegget Merrimas wee'towed lito
The men who had sung so cheerily in
ie iidst of hard labor and in the face
f death were thoroughly exhausted,
ut they had not lost their light heart
* Gladstone's Early Joys.
When Mr. Gladstone was quite an
id man it chanced that he and Mr.
|haplin were staying at the same coun
ry house together on a visit. One
ight after dinner the Grand Old Man
sked Mr. Chaplin whether his grand
other had not lived in a c'rtain
treet in Mayfair. Mr. Chaplin replied
iat'she had done so. "Well," said Mr.
lladstone, "I remember it distinctly. I
ved next door to her for a'while when
was a child. She used 'to give even
ig partiestWlien the carriages were
ssembled to take up, my brother and
used to creep out of bed-it was in
de summer time-softly open the win
ow, get out our squirts and discreetly
e away at the coachmen on the
oxes. I remember the intense delight
r'ith which' we used to see them look
p to the slky and call out to ask each
ther whether it wasn't beginning to
Wonderful Miniature Book.
The smallest bound book in the great
llection of miniature books owned by
te New York Library society Is a cam
ag document issued In 1852. It
ears not only the distinction of being
de smallest vo:lume In, the great col
ction referred to, but has been pro
ounced by experts in booklore to be
ne of the tiniest lboks in existence.
contains but fourteen leaves, each
C which is closely printed on both
ides in microscopic -type. Each leaf
Sone and onae-half Inches in length
nd seven-eighths of an inch in width.
he title page bears the following in
3ription: "Life and Public Services of
~eneral Pierce. Respectfully Dedicat
di to General Lewis Cass. Concord
A cheerful View.
Walter's mamma was very sick with
deumatism, and he was rubbing her
rms when 'he said, "Walter, it is too
ad that mamma is such a trouble to
Walter replied cheerfully: "Never
,ind, mamma. If you are only just
ive we don't care how much you suf
Used to Degging.
Graspit (angrily)-What' More mon
y? If you keep on you'll bankrupt
ie. Then, after I'm dead, you will be
beggar. Mrs. Graspit (calmly)-Oh,
!eHi, I'd~be a great deal better off than
me.poor..womnan who never had any
sper-fece In that 14ne.
The Yarne Fooled 'Tirn.
"Are you fond of smelts?"
"Never tasted it."
"Eh! Smelts are fishes."
"Fishes! I thoug.ht they were some
nd of cheese."-Clevelanld Plain
A lie always has a certain amount of
eight wi those who wish to believe
WSee me about the Woven
rire Fencing that lasts for a life
ne and is cheaper than wood
ncs R. Y. Turner.
ed Meat Tobacco in stock,
TO THE CONSUMER
absolute guarantee that each 10<
acco and contains rnore good soli<
-10c plug of any weight offered o
Ad which wil entitle him to oz
THREE MONTHS FREE
"THE NEWS and HERALD
Only Fifty Cents
July 1, 1906.
Think of it: your county
paper for seven months for
only fifty cents. the regu
lar price for tour months.
Old Subscribers Too.
Every old subscriber who
will come forward now and
pay all arrears and pay one
year in advance will have
their subscription- moved
orward three months be
ond the time paid for.
NOW IS THE TIME.
Grove's Tasteless Chili Tonic
hs stood the test 25 years. AveragaAnnual Sales over One and a alf KUlOS
b-ottles Does this ord of t toyou? No Cur; Noly. 0sc.
Enclosed with every botte is aTf~~t package of Qoves No*c Mob LijverP.
The new Laxative C r
that does not gripe *** and
or nauseate. trouble and.
Pleasant to tae. Laxative fruit Syrup Chronic Constipation.
.- E. C. DeWITT & COMPANY, CHICAGO. II.L.
write t actory-we will supply yondirept
Le~, 5c cu fRdA Mat Tobacco F REE at any store handling this brand. 1 etSlsC. , iso3ae.Ne